The Cincinnati Reds are an American professional baseball team based in Cincinnati, Ohio. The Reds compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the National League Central division, they were a charter member of the American Association in 1882 and joined the NL in 1890. The Reds played in the NL West division from 1969 to 1993, before joining the Central division in 1994, they have won five World Series titles, nine NL pennants, one AA pennant, 10 division titles. The team plays its home games at Great American Ball Park, which opened in 2003 replacing Riverfront Stadium. Bob Castellini has been chief executive officer since 2006. For 1882-2018, the Reds' overall win-loss record is 10524-10306; the origins of the modern Cincinnati Reds can be traced to the expulsion of an earlier team bearing that name. In 1876, Cincinnati became one of the charter members of the new National League, but the club ran afoul of league organizer and long-time president William Hulbert for selling beer during games and renting out their ballpark on Sundays.
Both were important activities to entice the city's large German population. While Hulbert made clear his distaste for both beer and Sunday baseball at the founding of the league, neither practice was against league rules in those early years. On October 6, 1880, seven of the eight team owners pledged at a special league meeting to formally ban both beer and Sunday baseball at the regular league meeting that December. Only Cincinnati president W. H. Kennett refused to sign the pledge, so the other owners formally expelled Cincinnati for violating a rule that would not go into effect for two more months. Cincinnati's expulsion from the National League incensed Cincinnati Enquirer sports editor O. P. Caylor, who made two attempts to form a new league on behalf of the receivers for the now bankrupt Reds franchise; when these attempts failed, he formed a new independent ballclub known as the Red Stockings in the Spring of 1881, brought the team to St. Louis for a weekend exhibition; the Reds' first game was a 12–3 victory over the St. Louis club.
After the 1881 series proved a success, Caylor and a former president of the old Reds named Justus Thorner received an invitation from Philadelphia businessman Horace Phillips to attend a meeting of several clubs in Pittsburgh with the intent of establishing a rival to the National League. Upon arriving in the city, however and Thorner discovered that no other owners had decided to accept the invitation, with Phillips not bothering to attend his own meeting. By chance, the duo met a former pitcher named Al Pratt, who hooked them up with former Pittsburgh Alleghenys president H. Denny McKnight. Together, the three men hatched a scheme to form a new league by sending a telegram to each of the other owners who were supposed to attend the meeting stating that he was the only person who did not attend and that everyone else was enthusiastic about the new venture and eager to attend a second meeting in Cincinnati; the ploy worked, the American Association was formed at the Hotel Gibson in Cincinnati with the new Reds a charter member with Thorner as president.
Led by the hitting of third baseman Hick Carpenter, the defense of future Hall of Fame second baseman Bid McPhee, the pitching of 40-game-winner Will White, the Reds won the inaugural AA pennant in 1882. With the establishment of the Union Association Justus Thorner left the club to finance the Cincinnati Outlaw Reds and managed to acquire the lease on the Reds Bank Street Grounds playing field, forcing new president Aaron Stern to relocate three blocks away at the hastily built League Park; the club never placed higher than second or lower than fifth for the rest of its tenure in the American Association. The Cincinnati Red Stockings left the American Association on November 14, 1889 and joined the National League along with the Brooklyn Bridegrooms after a dispute with St. Louis Browns owner Chris Von Der Ahe over the selection of a new league president; the National League was happy to accept the teams in part due to the emergence of the new Player's League. This new league, an early failed attempt to break the reserve clause in baseball, threatened both existing leagues.
Because the National League decided to expand while the American Association was weakening, the team accepted an invitation to join the National League. It was at this time that the team first shortened their name from "Red Stockings" to "Reds"; the Reds wandered through the 1890s signing aging veterans. During this time, the team never finished above never closer than 10 1⁄2 games. At the start of the 20th century, the Reds had hitting Cy Seymour. Seymour's.377 average in 1905 was the first individual batting crown won by a Red. In 1911, Bob Bescher stole 81 bases, still a team record. Like the previous decade, the 1900s were not kind to the Reds, as much of the decade was spent in the league's second division. In 1912, the club opened Redland Field; the Reds had been playing baseball on that same site, the corner of Findlay and Western Avenues on the city's west side, for 28 years, in wooden structures, damaged by fires. By the late 1910s the Reds began to come out of the second division; the 1918 team finished fourth, new manager Pat Moran led the Reds to an NL pennant in 1919, in what the club advertised as its "Golden Anniversary".
The 1919 team had hitting stars Edd Roush and Heinie Groh while the pitching staff was led by Hod Eller and left-hander Harry "Slim" Sallee. The Reds finished ahead of John McGraw's New York Giants, won the world championship in eight games over the
Mascoutah is a small city in St. Clair County, United States, named for the Mascoutens, a tribe of the Illinois Indians; the population was 7,483 at the 2010 census. The population was 8600 at the 2017 census; the town of Mascoutah was established in 1837 as Mechanicsburg. This was disputed with the establishment of a Post Office; the town was renamed after the Mascouten tribe, was designated Mascoutah in 1839. Mascoutah was considered a progressive town near the turn of the 20th century; the town saw steady growth thanks to the construction of a train depot in 1870, courtesy of the Southern Railway Company. The largest Turner Hall in Southern Illinois was established in Mascoutah in 1873 which served as the center of town social life, the town constructed its own citizen owned power plant in 1894; the Mascoutah Herald remains in production to this day. In 1903 the Belleville And Mascoutah Electric Railway Company planned an electric rail system to Belleville, delayed and never completed; the train depot shut down, the Turner Hall became the chamber of commerce, the municipal power plant now houses the city's fleet and equipment maintenance department.
The Mascoutah Civic Center is located at 38°29.5′N 89°47.8′W. According to the 2010 census, Mascoutah has a total area of 9.65 square miles, of which 9.5 square miles is land and 0.15 square miles is water. Mascoutah was the United States center of population point in 1970; as of the census of 2000, there were 5,659 people, 2,162 households, 1,571 families residing in the city. The population density was 655.1 people per square mile. There were 2,309 housing units at an average density of 267.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 91.73% White, 4.19% African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.97% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, 1.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.75% of the population. There were 2,162 households out of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.5% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.3% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.05. In the city, the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $46,451, the median income for a family was $55,018. Males had a median income of $37,182 versus $23,156 for females; the per capita income for the city was $21,569. About 6.3% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over. Mascoutah is located about 7 km south of Interstate 64 on Highway 4 at Highway 177, it is about 46 km east Missouri. Mascoutah is accessible to St. Louis and Lambert Airport by Metrolink from its Shiloh station a few miles northwest of town. Mascoutah is home to Mid America Airport.
Nearby Scott AFB is a major employer and base residents attend school in Mascoutah. Downtown St. Louis is 30 minutes away, West County St Louis is 45 minutes away, South County St Louis is 35 minutes away. There are three parks in town. Scheve Park has two swimming pools, 6 baseball diamonds, a lit sand volleyball court, lit horseshoe pits, two soccer fields, skate park, ten pavilions varying in size, several playground areas. Scheve Park has a restored train caboose and dining car that visitors can tour. Maple Park is equipped with outdoor basketball facilities, a ball playing area, playground equipment, a family sized pavilion. Prairie Park has two fishing lakes, a fountain, a pavilion. Mascoutah Community Unit School District#19 serves the city. There are five schools in the district: Mascoutah Community High School, Mascoutah Middle School, Mascoutah Elementary School, Scott Air Force Base Elementary School, Wingate Elementary School. Holy Childhood School is the private Catholic school in Mascoutah.
It offers preschool through eighth grade. Benno Lischer City of Mascoutah
A ZIP Code is a postal code used by the United States Postal Service in a system it introduced in 1963. The term ZIP is an acronym for Zone Improvement Plan; the basic format consists of five digits. An extended ZIP+4 code was introduced in 1983 which includes the five digits of the ZIP Code, followed by a hyphen and four additional digits that reference a more specific location; the term ZIP Code was registered as a servicemark by the U. S. Postal Service, but its registration has since expired; the early history and context of postal codes began with postal district/zone numbers. The United States Post Office Department implemented postal zones for numerous large cities in 1943. For example: The "16" was the number of the postal zone in the specific city. By the early 1960s, a more organized system was needed, non-mandatory five-digit ZIP Codes were introduced nationwide on July 1, 1963; the USPOD issued its Publication 59: Abbreviations for Use with ZIP Code on October 1, 1963, with the list of two-letter state abbreviations which are written with both letters capitalized.
An earlier list in June had proposed capitalized abbreviations ranging from two to five letters. According to Publication 59, the two-letter standard was "based on a maximum 23-position line, because this has been found to be the most universally acceptable line capacity basis for major addressing systems", which would be exceeded by a long city name combined with a multi-letter state abbreviation, such as "Sacramento, Calif." along with the ZIP Code. The abbreviations have remained unchanged, with the exception of Nebraska, changed from NB to NE in 1969 at the request of the Canadian postal administration, to avoid confusion with the Canadian province of New Brunswick. Robert Moon is considered the father of the ZIP Code; the post office only credits Moon with the first three digits of the ZIP Code, which describe the sectional center facility or "sec center." An SCF is a central mail processing facility with those three digits. The fourth and fifth digits, which give a more precise locale within the SCF, were proposed by Henry Bentley Hahn Sr.
The SCF sorts mail to all post offices with those first three digits in their ZIP Codes. The mail is sorted according to the final two digits of the ZIP Code and sent to the corresponding post offices in the early morning. Sectional centers do not deliver mail and are not open to the public, most of their employees work the night shift. Mail picked up at post offices is sent to their own SCF in the afternoon, where the mail is sorted overnight. In the case of large cities, the last two digits coincide with the older postal zone number thus: In 1967, these became mandatory for second- and third-class bulk mailers, the system was soon adopted generally; the United States Post Office used a cartoon character, which it called Mr. ZIP, to promote the use of the ZIP Code, he was depicted with a legend such as "USE ZIP CODE" in the selvage of panes of postage stamps or on the covers of booklet panes of stamps. In 1971 Elmira Star-Gazette reporter Dick Baumbach found out the White House was not using a ZIP Code on its envelopes.
Herb Klein, special assistant to President Nixon, responded by saying the next printing of envelopes would include the ZIP Code. In 1983, the U. S. Postal Service introduced an expanded ZIP Code system that it called ZIP+4 called "plus-four codes", "add-on codes", or "add-ons". A ZIP+4 Code uses the basic five-digit code plus four additional digits to identify a geographic segment within the five-digit delivery area, such as a city block, a group of apartments, an individual high-volume receiver of mail, a post office box, or any other unit that could use an extra identifier to aid in efficient mail sorting and delivery. However, initial attempts to promote universal use of the new format met with public resistance and today the plus-four code is not required. In general, mail is read by a multiline optical character reader that instantly determines the correct ZIP+4 Code from the address—along with the more specific delivery point—and sprays an Intelligent Mail barcode on the face of the mail piece that corresponds to 11 digits—nine for the ZIP+4 Code and two for the delivery point.
For Post Office Boxes, the general rule is. The add-on code is one of the following: the last four digits of the box number, zero plus the last three digits of the box number, or, if the box number consists of fewer than four digits, enough zeros are attached to the front of the box number to produce a four-digit number. However, there is no uniform rule, so the ZIP+4 Code must be looked up individually for each box; the ZIP Code is translated into an Intelligent Mail barcode, printed on the mailpiece to make it easier for automated machines to sort. A barcode can be printed by the sender, it is better to let the post office put one on. In general, the post office uses OCR technology, though in some cases a human might have to read and enter the address. Customers who send bulk mail can get a discount on postage if they have printed the barcode themselves and have presorted the mai
Belleville is a city in St. Clair County, coterminous with the now defunct Belleville Township; the population was 42,034 according to the Census Bureau's 2015 estimates. It is the eighth-most populated city in the state outside the Chicago metropolitan area, the most-populated city in the state south of Springfield, it is the county seat of St. Clair County, the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Belleville and the National Shrine of Our Lady of the Snows. Belleville is the most-populated city in the Metro-East region of the St. Louis Metropolitan Area and in Southern Illinois. Due to its proximity to Scott Air Force Base, the population receives a boost from military and federal civilian personnel, defense contractors, military retirees. George Blair named the city of Belleville in 1814; because Blair donated an acre of his land for the town square and an additional 25 acres adjoining the square for the new county seat, the legislature transferred the county seat from the village of Cahokia.
The latter had been established by French colonists as a mission village in the late 17th century. Belleville was incorporated as a village in 1819, became a city in 1850, it is said that Blair named the city Belleville because he believed that a French name would attract new residents. Major immigration in the mid-19th century to this area occurred following revolutions in Germany, most of the European-American population is of German ancestry. Many of the educated Germans fled their homeland after the failure of the German Revolution in 1848. Belleville was the center of the first important German settlement in Illinois. By 1870, an estimated 90% of the city's population was either German-born or of German descent. After the Civil War, Belleville became a manufacturing center producing nails, printing presses, gray iron castings, agricultural equipment, stoves. Belleville became known as "The Stove Capital of the World." The first brewery in Illinois was established in Belleville. In 1868, Gustav Goelitz founded the candy company, known today as "Jelly Belly."An immense deposit of bituminous coal was found in St. Clair County.
By 1874, some farmers had become coal miners. One hundred shaft mines were in operation around Belleville; the coal brought the steam railroad to town, which allowed for the transport of many tons of coal to be shipped daily from Belleville to St. Louis on the west side of the Mississippi River, for use in its industries and businesses. Belleville had the first electric trolley in the state; the first style of houses in Belleville were simple brick cottages, known locally as "German street houses" or "row houses." Architectural styles flourished in greater variety, featuring American Foursquare, French Second Empire, Greek Revival, Gothic Revival, Queen Anne, Victorian. The Belleville Historic District, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976, comprises 73 contributing properties; the "Old Belleville Historic District," was defined and recognized in 1974 and is the city's first historic district. The city has designated two more historic districts: "Hexenbukel" and "Oakland".
Belleville's early German immigrants were educated, with most of them having graduated from German universities. They were nicknamed "Latin Farmers" because of this. After 1836 Gustav Koerner contributed to establish the city's public library; the Belleville Public Library is the state's oldest, predating the Illinois State Library by three years. The German settlers founded choral and dramatic groups, as well as literary societies, they established one of the first kindergartens in the country here. The National Civic League recognized Belleville in 2011 as one of the ten recipients of the All-America City Award. Belleville is located at 38°31′18″N 89°59′43″W. According to the 2010 census, Belleville has a total area of 23.009 square miles, of which 22.74 square miles is land and 0.269 square miles is water. Richland Creek flows through much of Belleville; the Belleville Philharmonic Society was formed in 1866, making it the second oldest philharmonic orchestra in the country. With the increase in black population and migrants from the South, musicians developed who played blues and jazz.
Jay Farrar, Mike Heidorn, Jeff Tweedy of the now-defunct alt country group Uncle Tupelo are from Belleville. Another major musician was Neal Doughty, keyboardist for 1970s rock band REO Speedwagon. Belleville Historic District Gustave Koerner House Knobeloch-Seibert Farm Belleville holds several celebrations throughout the year: Rowdies Rugby Football Club – the only rugby football club in the Belleville area. Lindenwood Stadium is a college football stadium with alternating gray stripes, it has been called "The nation's most original football field." Belleville Running Club - a recreational running club based in Belleville organized under the Road Runners Club of America. The club puts on training programs for the community, hosts group runs, performs community service, hosted the Belleville Main Street Marathon. Belleville was named an RRCA Runner Friendly Community for 2014-2019; as of the census of 2000, there were 41,410 people, 17,603 households, 10,420 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,196.4 people per square mile.
There were 19,142 housing units at an average density of 1,015.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 81.51% White, 15.51% African American, 0.26% Native Am
Collinsville is a city located in Madison County, in St. Clair County, both in Illinois; as of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 25,579, an increase from 24,707 in 2000. Collinsville is 12 miles from St. Louis, Missouri and is considered part of that city's Metro-East area, it is the site of the Brooks Catsup Bottle Water Tower, the world's largest ketchup bottle, is the world's horseradish capital. Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site, a National Historic Landmark and UNESCO World Heritage Site, extends beyond the boundaries of the city toward the west; this prehistoric urban complex is estimated to have had a population of thousands at its peak, long before European exploration in the area. Monks Mound, the largest man-made earthwork in North America, is part of this complex. Collinsville is located at 38°40′28″N 89°59′43″W 12 miles due east of St Louis; the 90W longitude line passes through Collinsville. According to the 2010 census, Collinsville has a total area of 14.874 square miles, of which 14.68 square miles is land and 0.194 square miles is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 25,579 people, 10,458 households, 6,672 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,817.4 people per square mile. There were 11,025 housing units at an average density of 811.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 87.4% White, 11.2% African American, 0.8% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.7% from other races. There were 10,458 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.1% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.2% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.94. In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 23.2% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years.
For every 100 females, there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $42,353, the median income for a family was $54,956. Males had a median income of $39,379 versus $27,409 for females; the per capita income for the city was $22,048. About 5.6% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.2% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over. Collinsville is the self-proclaimed "Horseradish Capital of the World", sponsors an annual Horseradish Festival; the area is said to produce 85% of the world's horseradish, of such high quality that Germany and China import it for gourmet use. The Horseradish Festival is held annually during the first weekend in June at Woodland Park located off Route 159 in Collinsville, it has activities for all ages, including a 5K run, live music, a beauty pageant, root-grinding demonstrations. One of the most popular events is the Root Derby, sponsored by American Family Insurance, for which participants make a derby car from a horseradish root and race the "vehicles" during the festival.
Known for its large ethnic Italian population, descendants of late 19th and early 20th-century immigrants, Collinsville hosts an annual Italian Fest in the fall. The Italian Fest has been held annually since 1983 and is located in uptown Collinsville on Main Street; this two-day festival celebrates everything Italian. Other activities include a parade, midnight bike ride, 5K Run/Walk, Little Miss & Mister Pageant, Bocce Ball Tournament, a grape stomp. Collinsville is the site of the Brooks Catsup Bottle Water Tower, "the world's largest catsup bottle", a 170-foot-tall water tower in the shape of a ketchup bottle, listed on the National Register of Historic Places; the bottle along with the property was put up for sale for $500,000.00 on July 12, 2014. In order to celebrate this roadside landmark, Collinsville hosts an annual World's Largest Catsup Bottle Festival in July; the Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site is located within the city limits of Collinsville. The largest Pre-Columbian settlement north of Mexico, it was developed by the Mississippian culture.
This large park has been designated as a National Historic Landmark and was one of the first eight UNESCO World Heritage Sites designated within the United States. At its peak about 1200 CE, Cahokia had a population of 20,000-30,000, more than any city in the present-day United States until after 1800, it includes Monks Mound, the largest prehistoric earthwork in the Americas, more than 70 surviving smaller mounds. Monks Mound is larger at its base than the Great Pyramid of Giza. A museum and visitors' center provide a movie and displays which present the lives of the ancient inhabitants. During the French colonial era of its Illinois Country, a group of French Catholic monks had a settlement on Monks Mound, after whom it was named, they cultivated agriculture on the terraces of the mound. They traded with bands of the historic Illini, who had migrated into the area after the peak of the Mississippian culture. Collinsville was settled by the Cook family and by a group of German-American settlers who arrived by Conestoga wagon in 1812 from Pennsylvania.
They founded Holy Cross Lutheran Church. They had a hardware store
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
Millstadt is a village in St. Clair County, United States, a suburb of St. Louis, located at the crossing of Illinois Routes 163 and 158; the village is known with more than half its people of German descent. The population was 2,794 at the 2000 census, but a more recent study in July 2006 estimated the number at 3,247. During a barn raising in 1836, it was proposed that a town be incorporated on land belonging to Henry Randleman; the name "Centerville" was proposed, as the site was equidistant from Belleville and Pittsburg Lake. The town was platted on March 13, 1837. In 1880, its name was changed to Millstadt, as the name Centreville was in use by another nearby town. Another account: "The story of how Millstadt developed out of'Centerville' goes something like this; the current Centreville and our Centerville each had a post offices through which a great deal of mail became confused and mis-delivered. Our town's forefathers, upon applying for formal organization through the state decided on the name'Mittlestadt' or'Middlestadt,' which means literally'center city'.
As you can guess, the governing group decided to keep that name as we had several mills at that time and the name fit." In 1874, a German immigrant farm family was killed in a farming hamlet known as Saxtown, just south of the town. It became the subject of the book The Ax Murders of Saxtown; as of the census of 2000, there were 2,794 people, 1,148 households, 813 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,511.9 people per square mile. There were 1,196 housing units at an average density of 1,075.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 99% White, 0% Native American, 1% Asian, 0% from other races, 0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0% of the population. There were 1,148 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.1% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.1% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.92. In the village, the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.5 males. The median income for a household in the village was $47,824, the median income for a family was $56,378. Males had a median income of $40,893 versus $27,196 for females; the per capita income for the village was $21,914. About 3.2% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.9% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over. According to the 2010 census, the village has a total area of 3.58 square miles, of which 3.41 square miles is land and 0.17 square miles is water. The town center is formed by the intersection of two state highways. Illinois Route 158, or Washington Avenue, leads east to Belleville.
The other main street is Jefferson Avenue, the north part of which forms the southern end of Illinois Route 163, leading north to Centreville, where it intersects highways providing access to St. Louis; the south end of Jefferson Avenue, as it leaves Millstadt, becomes Floraville Road. Elementary schools: Millstadt Primary Center - Millstadt Consolidated School - www.millstadt.stclair.k12.il.us St. James Catholic School - www.stjames.pvt.k12.il.us High schools: Althoff Catholic High School - www.althoff.net Belleville Township High School West, District 201 - www.bths201.org Churches in Millstadt: Christian Assembly Church Concordia United Church of Christ - Countryside Family Church St. James Catholic Church Trinity Lutheran Church - Zion Evangelical Church Cemeteries: Millstadt Cemetery Mount Evergreen Cemetery St. James Catholic Cemetery William N. Baltz, U. S. Representative and Millstadt mayor. Miles Dewey Davis, Jr. father of jazz trumpeter Miles Davis Fred J. Kern, U. S. Representative Admiral Waldemar F. A. Wendt, United States Navy Groß-Bieberau Area code 618 Roman Catholic Diocese of Belleville * Village website Millstadt Township Millstadt Library Millstadt History & Research 2010 Millstadt Chamber of Commerce