Mark A. Milley

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Mark A. Milley
Mark Miley Army Chief of Staff.jpg
Birth nameMark Alexander Milley
Born (1958-06-18) June 18, 1958 (age 60)
Winchester, Massachusetts, U.S.
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service1980–present
Commands heldChief of Staff of the United States Army
United States Army Forces Command
III Corps
International Security Assistance Force Joint Command
10th Mountain Division
2nd Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division (Light)
Battles/warsUnited States invasion of Panama
Operation Uphold Democracy
Operation Joint Endeavor
Iraq War
 • Operation Iraqi Freedom
Operation Enduring Freedom
 • War in Afghanistan
AwardsDefense Distinguished Service Medal
Army Distinguished Service Medal (3)
Defense Superior Service Medal (3)
Legion of Merit (3)
Bronze Star (4)
Meritorious Service Medal (6)

Mark Alexander Milley (born June 20, 1958) is a four-star general in the United States Army and the 39th and current Chief of Staff of the Army.[1] He previously served as the 21st commanding general of United States Army Forces Command from August 15, 2014 to August 9, 2015. As the Army Chief of Staff, Milley is the highest ranking officer in the United States Army.[2]

On December 8, 2018, President Donald Trump announced that he would nominate Milley to serve as the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.[3]

Early life and education[edit]

Born in Winchester, Massachusetts, Milley attended the Belmont Hill School.[4] He holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science from Princeton University, a Master of Arts degree in international relations from Columbia University, and another Master of Arts degree in national security and strategic studies from the United States Naval War College.[5] He is also a graduate of the MIT Center for International Studies Seminar XXI National Security Studies Program.[6]

Military career[edit]

Milley earned his commission as an Armor officer through Princeton's Army Reserve Officers' Training Corps program in 1980 and spent most of his career in Infantry assignments.[7]

Prior to serving as the 39th Army Chief of Staff, Milley served as the Commanding General of United States Army Forces Command, based at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. He served as the Commanding General of III Corps, based at Fort Hood, Texas.[8] Prior to III Corps, he served as the Commander of the 10th Mountain Division from November 2011 to December 2012.[9] He has also served as Deputy Commanding General (Operations), 101st Airborne Division from July 2007 to April 2008 and; Commander, 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division (Light) from December 2003 to July 2005. Additionally, Milley has served in the 82nd Airborne Division, the 5th Special Forces Group, the 7th Infantry Division, the 2nd Infantry Division, the Joint Readiness Training Center, the 25th Infantry Division, Operations Staff of the Joint Staff, and as a Military Assistant to the Secretary of Defense in the Pentagon.[10] He assumed his current assignment on August 14, 2015.[11]

President Donald Trump shakes hands with Mark A. Milley following the 9/11 Observance Ceremony at the Pentagon in Washington, D.C., September 11, 2017

In November 2000, Milley participated in the 2nd Annual Army-Navy Ice Hockey Game in Honolulu, Hawaii, a charity event benefiting youth ice hockey players in the area.[12]

In 2018, Milley was involved in deciding whether the Army would publish a controversial study on the Iraq War, a two volume, 1,300 page study. Milley reportedly decided that he wanted to read the entire 500,000 word study before making a decision on publication. Milley also directed that an external panel of scholars review the work before he would made a decision. After the panel returned glowing reviews on the study, including one that described the study as "the gold standard in official history", Milley continued to delay publication so he could review the study further. In September 2018, Secretary of the Army Mark Esper and other Army officials decided to distance themselves from the study by casting the study "as an independent “work of the authors, instead of being described as a project by the Chief of Staff of the Army’s Operation Iraqi Freedom Study Group." When confronted by a journalist from the Wall Street Journal in October 2018, Milley reversed these decisions, ordering the study to be published officially, and with a foreword that he would write. He declared the team that wrote the study “did a damn good job," that the study itself was “a solid work,” and noted that he aimed to publish the study by the holidays (2018).[13] Within days of this revelation, two members of congress who sit on the House Armed Services Committee (Reps. Jakie Speier, D-California, and Ruben Gallego, D-Arizona) sent a letter to Army leadership that expressed their anger with the Army's delay of publication of the report. In a press release accompanying the letter to Milley and Secretary of the Army Mark Esper, Rep. Spier said, "This is simply the Army being unwilling to publicly air its mistakes. Our military, Congress, and the American people deserve nothing less than total transparency on the lessons the Army has identified so that we may use those lessons to avoid costly, and too often deadly, mistakes of the past.”[14][15] As of early December 2018, the Iraq War study remained unpublished by the Army.

Operational deployments[edit]

Milley has had multiple operational deployments including:

Awards and decorations[edit]

CIB2.png Combat Infantryman Badge with Star (denoting 2nd award)
Expert Infantry Badge.svg Expert Infantryman Badge
Einzelbild Special Forces (Special Forces Insignia).svg Special Forces Tab
Ranger Tab.svg Ranger tab
Master Parachutist badge (United States).svg Master Parachutist Badge
SFDiver.PNG Special Operations Diver Badge
Joint Chiefs of Staff seal.svg Joint Chiefs of Staff Identification Badge
United States Army Staff Identification Badge.png Army Staff Identification Badge
Brevet Parachutiste.jpg French Parachutist Badge
101st Airborne Division CSIB.png 101st Airborne Division Combat Service Identification Badge
Distinctive unit insignia of the 506th Infantry Regiment (United States).svg 506th Infantry Regiment Distinctive Unit Insignia
ArmyOSB.svg 8 Overseas Service Bars
Defense Distinguished Service Medal
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svgBronze oakleaf-3d.svg Army Distinguished Service Medal with two bronze oak leaf clusters
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svgBronze oakleaf-3d.svg Defense Superior Service Medal with two bronze oak leaf clusters
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svgBronze oakleaf-3d.svg Legion of Merit with two oak leaf clusters
Width-44 scarlet ribbon with width-4 ultramarine blue stripe at center, surrounded by width-1 white stripes. Width-1 white stripes are at the edges.Bronze oakleaf-3d.svgBronze oakleaf-3d.svgBronze oakleaf-3d.svg Bronze Star Medal with three oak leaf clusters
Silver oak leaf cluster
Meritorious Service Medal with silver oak leaf cluster
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svgBronze oakleaf-3d.svgBronze oakleaf-3d.svgBronze oakleaf-3d.svg Army Commendation Medal with four oak leaf clusters
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Army Achievement Medal with oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Joint Meritorious Unit Award with oak leaf cluster
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svgBronze oakleaf-3d.svgBronze oakleaf-3d.svg Meritorious Unit Commendation with three oak leaf clusters
Bronze star
National Defense Service Medal with one bronze service star
Bronze-service-star-3d-vector.svgBronze-service-star-3d-vector.svg Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal with two service stars
Bronze-service-star-3d-vector.svgBronze-service-star-3d-vector.svgBronze-service-star-3d-vector.svg Afghanistan Campaign Medal with three campaign stars
Bronze-service-star-3d-vector.svgBronze-service-star-3d-vector.svg Iraq Campaign Medal with two campaign stars
Global War on Terrorism Service Medal
Korea Defense Service Medal
Humanitarian Service Medal
Army Service Ribbon
Award numeral 5.png Army Overseas Service Ribbon with bronze award numeral 5
Bronze star
NATO Medal for service with ISAF with bronze service star
Multinational Force and Observers Medal
Ordre national du Merite Commandeur ribbon.svg French National Order of Merit, Commander[16]


  1. ^ Gal Perl Finkel, President-elect Trump – the ‘West Wing’ lesson, The Jerusalem Post, November 15, 2016.
  2. ^ "Chief of Staff of the Army | General Mark A. Milley | The United States Army". Retrieved 2018-12-11.
  3. ^ "Donald Trump makes it official: Gen. Mark Milley to chair Joint Chiefs of Staff". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2018-12-08.
  4. ^ Berkowitz, Bram (August 27, 2015). "Winchester Native Mark A. Milley Becomes U.S. Army Chief of Staff". Winchester Star. Winchester, MA.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-09-06. Retrieved 2015-08-27.
  6. ^ Art, Robert (September 1, 2015). "From the Director: September, 2015". MIT Seminar XXI. Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
  7. ^ Graham-Ashley, Heather (20 December 2012). "III Corps' new commander views road ahead, training, support". III Corps and Fort Hood Public Affairs. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
  8. ^ Michelle Tan, Staff writer (13 May 2015). "Gen. Mark Milley picked for Army chief of staff". Army Times.
  9. ^ Block, Gordon (4 December 2012). "Fort Drum welcomes new 10th Mountain Division commander at ceremony". Watertown Daily Times. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
  10. ^ U.S. Army Forces Command, Commanding General Archived 2015-09-06 at the Wayback Machine.,, dated 15 August 2014, last accessed 15 August 2015
  11. ^ Michelle Tan, Staff writer (14 August 2015). "Milley takes over as new chief of staff; Odierno retires". Army Times.
  12. ^ Army-Navy duel on ice
  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^ [2]
  15. ^
  16. ^ "Twitter". 2018-11-11. Retrieved 2018-12-11.

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
James Terry
Commanding General of the 10th Mountain Division
Succeeded by
Stephen Townsend
Preceded by
Donald Campbell
Commanding General of III Corps
Succeeded by
Sean MacFarland
Preceded by
James Terry
Commanding General of ISAF-Joint Command
Succeeded by
Joseph Anderson
Preceded by
Daniel Allyn
Commanding General of United States Army Forces Command
Succeeded by
Robert B. Abrams
Preceded by
Raymond T. Odierno
Chief of Staff of the United States Army
Order of precedence
Preceded by
Paul Selva
as Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Order of Precedence of the United States
as Chief of Staff of the Army
Succeeded by
John Richardson
as Chief of Naval Operations