Jenni Falconer is a Scottish radio and television presenter best known for her roles on the ITV daytime show This Morning, where she is a regular travel reporter. Falconer was a regular presenter of the National Lottery Draws on BBC One, she is a radio presenter on Heart FM, presenting her own show on weekdays from 4 am to 6 am and Sundays from 6 am to 9 am. Falconer spent her formative years in Bishopbriggs and Milngavie, two towns on the outskirts of Glasgow. After her family relocated to the South of England when she was seven, she was educated at the independent Abbey School and attended the University of Leeds in 1994 to study Spanish and Italian with minors in Latin and Management Studies. Whilst studying at university, she launched her television career, she was offered a contract by ITV to make a documentary and a consumer show on the proviso that she left her studies. Falconer made her television debut in 1994 as a contestant on Blind Date, presented BBC Scotland's Big Country, ITV's documentary series 3D and consumer show We Can Work It Out alongside Judy Finnigan and Jane Harvey.
She hosted travel shows and How to Holiday. She was the main co-host of Entertainment Today from its launch in 2000 until its end in July 2008 on GMTV. Falconer's other work includes reporting on I'm a Celebrity... Get Me Out of Here! in Australia for GMTV in 2003, 2004 and 2006, hosting The National Lottery Draws in September 2006 and hosting Cirque de Celebrité in October 2007. She worked on a show about 24 for Sky1 24 in 24 which she suggested in the first place so she could meet Kiefer Sutherland. In 2006, Falconer won the Sport Relief showjumping competition Only Fools on Horses riding an 8-year old 16 hands mare called J-Lo, she hosted three series of Fantasy Homes By the Sea, broadcast around the world. In 2009, Falconer was the host of the daytime quiz show Wordplay on Channel 5. Between 17 and 21 August 2009, Falconer was a guest presenter on STV's The Hour, with main anchor Stephen Jardine. Falconer works as a travel reporter for This Morning, she guest presented the show during Holly Willoughby's maternity leave from May to July 2011, sharing duties with Ruth Langsford and returned in 2013.
Falconer is an occasional stand-in presenter in This Morning's interactive "hub". In January 2013, Falconer participated in the first series of the ITV's diving show Splash!, but was voted off by the judges. In August 2015, Falconer guest presented five episodes of Lorraine, standing in for regular host Lorraine Kelly. On 14 March 2013, Global Radio announced that Falconer would join Heart to host the Sunday morning show from 6 am to 8 am, replacing Jason Donovan who took a break from the network to tour in the musical Priscilla: Queen of the Desert, she has since presented the 4 – 6 am slot during the weekdays, known as 4 O'Clock Club. Her Sunday show was expanded by an hour, now finishing at 9 am. In June 2009, Falconer was unveiled as the body of Adore Moi underwear range by Ultimo. Falconer has posed for photographs in Arena Magazine and FHM. In 2016, she starred in the Very television advertisements. Falconer married James Midgley at Babington House in June 2010, she gave birth to a daughter, Ella, in 2011.
Since 2002, Falconer has been a celebrity patron of the charity Breast Cancer 2000. In 2012, Falconer took part in the London Marathon, she finished with a time of 53 minutes. In the following two years, Falconer took part in the London Marathon, where she raised money for The Children's Trust charity. In 2014, she completed the marathon in 57 minutes. Falconer took part in the 2015 London Marathon, raising money for Cancer Research UK. TelevisionGuest appearances Official Website Jenni Falconer on IMDb Instagram account
Phillip Bryan Schofield is an English television presenter who works for ITV. He is the co-presenter of This Morning and Dancing on Ice alongside Holly Willoughby, his other work for ITV includes All Star Mr & Mrs, The Cube, 5 Gold Rings. Schofield gained national attention working for the BBC, first as a continuity presenter for Children's BBC on weekdays from 1985 to 1987 as a presenter on the children's Saturday morning magazine show Going Live! between September 1987 and April 1993. He has appeared in adverts for Waitrose. Schofield was born in Lancashire, he grew up in Newquay, where he attended Trenance Infant School and Newquay Tretherras School. When he was 15, his first foray into media was a Sunday show on Hospital Radio Plymouth. After many years of writing letters to the BBC, at 17, Schofield took up the position of bookings clerk and tea boy for BBC Radio at Broadcasting House in London, where he was, at the time, the youngest employee. Aged 19, Schofield moved with his family to New Zealand, where he made his television debut as the initial presenter of the youth music programme Shazam! on 23 February 1982.
He spent two years working for the Auckland-based station Radio Hauraki. In 1985, he returned to Britain, where he became the first in-vision continuity presenter for Children's BBC on weekdays for two years from September 1985, he left to present Going Live! on Saturday mornings between September 1987 and April 1993. From 1988 to 1991, he was the host of the Smash Hits Poll-Winners' Party, a pop-magazine awards show. In the early 1990s, Schofield moved to adult-orientated television with various programmes for ITV, such as Schofield's Quest, Schofield's TV Gold and Ten Ball. From 1994 to 1997, he presented Talking Telephone Numbers for five series and in 1996 he hosted a show about remarkable coincidences called One in a Million, he co-authored the book. In the following decade, Schofield presented the National Lottery Winning Lines programme for BBC One between June 2001 and October 2004, and between 2002 and 2006, he co-hosted. In July 2006, he signed an exclusive two-year contract with ITV, reported to have been worth £5 million.
The exclusive deal meant he could no longer present Test the Nation and was replaced by Danny Wallace. Since 2002, Schofield has been a presenter on the ITV daytime show This Morning replacing John Leslie with Fern Britton until 2009 and with Holly Willoughby who replaced Britton in September that year. In May 2008, Schofield's father, died from a long-standing heart condition, which led to Schofield taking a break from presenting This Morning. John Barrowman stood in for him until his return. Starting in 2005, Schofield presented two series of Have I Been Here Before?, a daytime programme where a celebrity attempted to use regression to get in touch with a previous life. Since 2006, he has presented The British Soap Awards. Between 2006 and 2008, he hosted the programme since 2009, alone. During the run of the ITV reality show I'm a Celebrity... Get Me Out of Here!, he co-hosted the spin-off series I'm a Celebrity, Get Me out of Here! Exclusive with Sheree Murphy; the show lasted one series. In 2006, Schofield presented two episodes of the ITV game show It's Now or Never, before the network axed the show, due to poor ratings.
Schofield presented Dancing on Ice on ITV with Holly Willoughby from 2006 until 2011 and Christine Bleakley from 2012 until 2014. It was announced in the summer of 2013 that Dancing on Ice was to come to an end following the 2014 series. Schofield returned to co-present the show in 2018 following ITV's choice to reboot the series after four years away. Since April 2008, he and Fern Britton hosted a revival of the ITV game show Mr. and Mrs. renamed as All Star Mr & Mrs. In 2010, the show returned in 2012 without Britton. From 2009 until 2015, he presented the primetime game show The Cube and has hosted A Night of Heroes: The Sun Military Awards with Amanda Holden from 2009 until 2014. In 2010 and 2011, Schofield hosted the annual comedy show The Comedy Annual on ITV. From 2011 until 2015, He co-hosted the Christmas charity show Text Santa on ITV with Christine Lampard in 2011, 2014 and 2015 and Holly Willoughby in 2012 and 2013. In April 2011 and June 2012, Schofield co-hosted ITV's coverage of the Royal Wedding and the Queen's Diamond Jubilee with Julie Etchingham.
In March 2014, Schofield narrated. The show was commissioned for a full series, aired throughout 2014; the show was commissioned for a seven part second series, filming began in April 2016 and the series will air in summer 2016 with the first episode titled "The Queen's 90th Birthday". In December 2014, he undertook a live 24-hour TV marathon to raise money for Text Santa, where, as well as appearing on This Morning, he appeared on various other programmes throughout the day, including being a guest panellist on Loose Women, he presented two series of the primetime game show You're Back in the Room for ITV in 2015 and 2016. In 2016, he travelled to South Africa with his wife, as part of a series of short clips for This Morning. Following this, ITV aired a 3x30 minute episodes in a primetime slot, called Schofield's South African Adventure. Since March 2017, he has presented 5 Gold Rings, a new game show format for ITV. In 2017, Schofield presented three-part factual series How To Spend It Well at Christmas with Phillip Schofield in which he tested the latest must-have festive gifts.
While working as presenter of Going Live!, Schofield was broadcasting on BBC Radio 1 with a Sunday show. When Ra
Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2003
The Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2003 was the first Eurovision Song Contest for young singers aged eight to fifteen. It was held on 15 November 2003, in Denmark. With Camilla Ottesen and Remee as the presenters, the contest was won by the eleven-year-old Dino Jelušić, who represented Croatia with his song "Ti si moja prva ljubav" while second and third place went to Spain and the United Kingdom respectively; the next time that a country would win on its first attempt was Italy in 2014. It was the first Eurovision contest to be broadcast in the 16:9 widescreen format, it was the first Eurovision Song Contest where a DVD of the contest would be released. It was decided that the country that won the contest would not host the next contest, in order to reduce the pressure on the contestants; the origins of the contest date back to 2000 when Danmarks Radio held a song contest for Danish children that year and the following year. The idea was extended to a Scandinavian song festival in 2002, MGP Nordic, with Denmark and Sweden as participants.
The EBU picked up the idea for a song contest featuring children and opened the competition to all EBU member broadcasters making it a pan-European event. The working title of the programme was "Eurovision Song Contest for Children", branded with the name of the EBU's popular song competition, the Eurovision Song Contest. Denmark was asked to host the first programme after their experience with their own contests and the MGP Nordic. Forum Copenhagen is a large multi-purpose, rentable indoor arena located in Frederiksberg, Denmark, it hosts a large variety of concerts, markets and other events. The venue can hold up to 10,000 people depending on the event; the Forum operates as concert hall and indoor arena. It was opened in February 1926 to host a car exhibition and was last renovated in 1996–97. Over two storeys there is a combined exhibition floor area of 5,000 m² and a separate restaurant for up to 250 seated guests; the Metro station Forum is adjacent to the building. Forum Copenhagen was designed by Oscar Gundlach-Pedersen, the lighting was from Poul Henningsen's brand new PH-lamp.
In 1929 it held an architecture exhibition, one of the first presentations of functionalism in Denmark, namely the Housing and Building Exhibition in Forum. It was at this exhibition that Arne Jacobsen and Flemming Lassen exhibited their subscription to the cylindrical "House of the Future". 16 countries competed in the first edition of the Junior Eurovision Song Contest. In an original press release for the contest entitled the "Eurovision Song Contest for Children", a draw was held to select 15 countries to take part in the inaugural contest, with Slovakian broadcaster Slovenská televízia and German broadcaster ARD being drawn to compete along with 13 other countries; these countries would be replaced by entries from Poland and Belarus, in their first Eurovision event. The Finnish broadcaster Yleisradio expressed a debut in the first contest, but went on to just broadcast it instead; the draw for the running order of the contest was held on 6 October, with Greece drawn to open the contest and the Netherlands drawn to close.
The rights to broadcast the contest were acquired by broadcasters in Finland and Montenegro, Germany and Kosovo. The halftime entertainment was provided by two acts from the UK. Busted performed "Crashed the Wedding" but Charlie Simpson was absent due to illness. However, the following day he was present for a radio interview in the UK where it was implied by both himself and the other band members, that this was, in fact, a lie; the real reason for his absence was. The Sugababes performed "Hole in the Head"; the opening number was performed by Fu: Dance Faction. Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points each country awarded to another: Latvia – David Daurins Spain – Jimmy Castro Belgium – Judith Bussé United Kingdom – Sasha Stevens Sweden – Siri Lindgren Netherlands – Aisa Junior Eurovision Song Contest: Copenhagen 2003, is a compilation album put together by the European Broadcasting Union, was released by Universal Music Group on November 2003; the album features all the songs from the 2003 contest.
On the track list Cyprus was misspelt as Cypres. European Broadcasting Union Eurovision Song Contest 2003 Junior Eurovision Song Contest Junior Eurovision Official Site
BBC One is the first and principal television channel of the British Broadcasting Corporation in the United Kingdom, Isle of Man and Channel Islands. It was launched on 2 November 1936 as the BBC Television Service, was the world's first regular television service with a high level of image resolution, it was renamed BBC TV in 1960, using this name until the launch of the second BBC channel BBC2 in 1964, whereupon the BBC TV channel became known as BBC1, with the current spelling adopted in 1997. The channel's annual budget for 2012–13 was £1.14 billion. The channel is funded by the television licence fee together with the BBC's other domestic television stations, shows uninterrupted programming without commercial advertising, it is the most watched television channel in the United Kingdom, ahead of its traditional rival for ratings leadership, ITV. As of June 2013 the channel controller for BBC One was Charlotte Moore, who succeeded Danny Cohen as an Acting Controller from May 2013; the BBC began its own regular television programming from the basement of Broadcasting House, London, on 22 August 1932.
The BBC Television Service began regular broadcasts on 2 November 1936 from a converted wing of the Alexandra Palace in London. On 1 September 1939, two days before Britain declared war on Germany, the station was taken off air with little warning, with one of the last programmes to be shown before the suspension of the service being a Mickey Mouse cartoon. BBC Television returned on 7 June 1946 at 15:00. Jasmine Bligh, one of the original announcers, made the first announcement, saying, "Good afternoon everybody. How are you? Do you remember me, Jasmine Bligh?". The Mickey Mouse cartoon of 1939 was repeated twenty minutes later; the BBC held a statutory monopoly on television broadcasting in the United Kingdom until the first Independent Television station began to broadcast on 22 September 1955, when ITV started broadcasting. The competition forced the channel to change its identity and priorities following a large reduction in its audience; the 1962 Pilkington Report on the future of broadcasting noticed this, that ITV lacked any serious programming.
It therefore decided that Britain's third television station should be awarded to the BBC. The station, renamed BBC TV in 1960, became BBC1 when BBC2 was launched on 20 April 1964 transmitting an incompatible 625-line image on UHF; the only way to receive all channels was to use a complex "dual-standard" 405- and 625-line, VHF and UHF, with both a VHF and a UHF aerial. Old 405-line-only sets became obsolete in 1985, when transmission in the standard ended, although standards converters have become available for enthusiasts who collect and restore such TVs. BBC1 was based at the purpose-built BBC Television Centre at White City, London between 1960 and 2013. Television News continued to use Alexandra Palace as its base—by early 1968 it had converted one of its studios to colour—before moving to new purpose-built facilities at Television Centre on 20 September 1969. In the weeks leading up to 15 November 1969, BBC1 unofficially transmitted the occasional programme in its new colour system, to test it.
At midnight on 15 November with ITV and two years after BBC2, BBC1 began 625-line PAL colour programming on UHF with a broadcast of a concert by Petula Clark. Colour transmissions could be received on monochrome 625-line sets until the end of analogue broadcasting. In terms of audience share, the most successful period for BBC1 was under Bryan Cowgill between 1973 and 1977, when the channel achieved an average audience share of 45%; this period is still regarded by many as a golden age of the BBC's output, with the BBC achieving a high standard across its entire range of series, plays, light entertainment and documentaries. On 30 December 1980, the BBC announced their intention to introduce a new breakfast television service to compete with TV-am; the BBC stated it would start broadcasting before TV-am, but made clear their hands were tied until November 1981 when the new licence fee income became available, to help finance extending broadcast hours, with the hope of starting in 1982. On 17 January 1983, the first edition of Breakfast Time was shown on BBC1, becoming the first UK wide breakfast television service and continued to lead in the ratings until 1984.
In 1984, Bill Cotton become managing director of Television at the BBC, set about overhauling BBC1, slated for poor home grown shows, its heavy reliance on US imports, with Dallas and The Thorn Birds being BBC1's highest rated programmes and ratings being over 20% behind ITV. Cotton recruited Michael Grade to become Controller of BBC1, the first time the Corporation had recruited someone outside of the BBC, replacing Alan Hart, criticised for his lack of knowledge in general entertainment, as he was head of BBC Sport prior to 1981; the first major overhaul was to axe the unpopular Sixty Minutes current affairs programme: this was a replacement for the news and magazine show Nationwide. Its replacement was the BBC Six O'Clock News, a straight new programme in a bid to shore up its failing early evening slot, it was believed the BBC were planning to cut short the evening news and move more light entertainment programming in from the 18:20 slot, but this was dismissed. The Miss Great Britain contest was dropped, being described as verging on the too offensive after the January 1985 contest, with Worlds Strongest Man and International Superstar being axed.
BBC1 was relaunched on 18 February 1985 with a new look, new programming including Wogan, EastEnders and a revised schedule to help streamline and maintain viewers thr
The Big Breakfast
The Big Breakfast is a British light entertainment television programme, broadcast on Channel 4 and S4C each weekday morning from 28 September 1992 until 29 March 2002, during which period 2,482 shows were produced. The Big Breakfast was produced by Planet 24, the production company co-owned by former Boomtown Rats singer and Band Aid/Live Aid organiser Bob Geldof; the programme was distinctive for broadcasting live from a former lockkeeper's cottages referred to as "The Big Breakfast House", or more "The House", located on Fish Island, in Bow in east London. The show was a mix of news, interviews, audience phone-ins and general features, with a light tone, in competition with the more serious GMTV and more serious BBC Breakfast programmes; the Big Breakfast was launched at the end of September 1992 to replace The Channel Four Daily, Channel 4's unsuccessful first dip into the breakfast television market between 1989 and 1992. The Daily, launched at huge expense, had possessed an analytical style, focusing on current affairs, news bulletins and cerebral quiz shows.
The first two presenters were Gaby Roslin. At its height in 1993, viewing figures reached around two million per edition, it was the highest rated UK breakfast television programme. Along with Evans and Roslin, Bob Geldof presented a short-lived political interview slot, his wife Paula Yates interviewed people whilst lying on a bed, the puppet characters Zig and Zag created morning mayhem in the bathroom with Evans in a slot called'The Crunch'. As part of his contract with The Big Breakfast, Evans was committed to developing a new show for Channel 4. Don't Forget Your Toothbrush began in early 1994, Evans cut his involvement with The Big Breakfast to three days a week, Tuesday to Thursday. Former Neighbours actor Mark Little replaced Evans on Fridays; when Evans left the show that year, Little continued on Thursdays and Fridays while Paul Ross took over Mondays to Wednesdays. Richard Orford replaced Ross around Easter 1995 but was dropped and exchanged with Down Your Doorstep presenter Keith Chegwin.
In July 1995, the show reverted to using just one male presenter throughout Mark Little. Chegwin would cover for Little when he was on holiday. Roslin continued full-time until she made way for Zoe Ball in 1996. Audience figures dropped a little after Evans left, a little further after Roslin departed. Mark Little left the programme in July 1996, following press reports that he and Zoe Ball had fallen out. Little was replaced by Keith Chegwin, who himself exited the programme in August 1996, just ahead of a massive relaunch. In an attempt to stem the sliding viewing figures, the Big Breakfast house was refurbished at a cost of £2 million. New presenters Rick Adams and Sharron Davies were brought in. Davies left the programme in early 1997. Van Outen had been brought in as part of the September 1996 relaunch as a traffic and travel presenter, before being given a role based at the house as the phone room presenter and holiday relief for Davies. In June 1997, Johnny Vaughan covered for Adams for a fortnight alongside Van Outen, the pair forging a successful on screen partnership.
Adams left the programme shortly afterwards and, in September 1997, the Vaughan and Van Outen partnership was made permanent. Audience figures stabilised and the duo fronted the programme together until Van Outen's departure on 1 January 1999.. Kelly Brook was installed as Vaughan's new co-presenter despite an internet campaign for the role to be awarded to Liza Tarbuck, who had covered for Van Outen in the summer of 1998. However, Brook struggled in the role and left the programme in early summer 1999. Liza Tarbuck, having again covered the co-presenter role alongside Vaughan prior to Brook's departure, was made permanent at the end of August 1999, she left the following summer and, following Vaughan's annual 1 month summer break, Denise van Outen returned to co-host in September 2000 for Vaughan's final 4 months on the programme. Vaughan and Van Outen's final Big Breakfast was on Friday 12 January 2001 five years to the day since Gaby Roslin had exited; the programme relaunched with a new logo and updated theme on Monday 22 January 2001.
The house had been redecorated in more muted colours, echoing the ill-fated 1996 revamp. The programme moved to a line up of three main presenters, Paul Tonkinson, Amanda Byram and Donna Air. However, Tonkinson was dropped from the programme at the end of March 2001 and Air departed not long after. Richard Bacon and Amanda Byram remained as main presenters, the programme having reverted to two main presenters once more; the living room, repainted a dark red as part of the revamp, was changed to a bright yellow and pink design, while the main presenter chairs were reinstalled in front of the living room's French windows. They replaced the bright green sofa, brought in as part of the revamp; the new logo was replaced with one more resembling the traditional Big Breakfast logo, albeit utilising a different font. Mike McClean was given a role on the programme, as Down Your Doorstep presenter and cover for Bacon, most on Fridays when Bacon would reprise his former Down Your Doorstep role alongside Johnny Vegas.
In December 2001 it was announced. In the programme's final months, former
Channel 4 is a British public-service free-to-air television network that began transmission on 2 November 1982. Although commercially-self-funded, it is publicly-owned. With the conversion of the Wenvoe transmitter group in Wales to digital terrestrial broadcasting on 31 March 2010, Channel 4 became a UK-wide TV channel for the first time; the channel was established to provide a fourth television service to the United Kingdom in addition to the licence-funded BBC One and BBC Two, the single commercial broadcasting network ITV. Before Channel 4 and S4C, Britain had three terrestrial television services: BBC1, BBC2, ITV; the Broadcasting Act 1980 began the process of adding a fourth, Channel 4, along with its Welsh counterpart, was formally created by an Act of Parliament in 1982. After some months of test broadcasts, it began scheduled transmissions on 2 November 1982; the notion of a second commercial broadcaster in the United Kingdom had been around since the inception of ITV in 1954 and its subsequent launch in 1955.
Indeed, television sets sold throughout the 1970s and early 1980s had a spare tuning button labelled "ITV/IBA 2". Throughout ITV's history and until Channel 4 became a reality, a perennial dialogue existed between the GPO, the government, the ITV companies and other interested parties, concerning the form such an expansion of commercial broadcasting would take, it was most politics which had the biggest impact in leading to a delay of three decades before the second commercial channel became a reality. One clear benefit of the "late arrival" of the channel was that its frequency allocations at each transmitter had been arranged in the early 1960s, when the launch of an ITV2 was anticipated; this led to good coverage across most of the country and few problems of interference with other UK-based transmissions. At the time the fourth service was being considered, a movement in Wales lobbied for the creation of dedicated service that would air Welsh-language programmes only catered for at "off peak" times on BBC Wales and HTV.
The campaign was taken so by Gwynfor Evans, former president of Plaid Cymru, that he threatened the government with a hunger strike were it not to honour the plans. The result was that Channel 4 as seen by the rest of the United Kingdom would be replaced in Wales by Sianel Pedwar Cymru. Operated by a specially created authority, S4C would air programmes in Welsh made by HTV, the BBC and independent companies. Limited frequency space meant that Channel 4 could not be broadcast alongside S4C, though some Channel 4 programmes would be aired at less popular times on the Welsh variant, a practice that carried on up until the closure of S4C's analogue transmissions in 2010 when S4C became a Welsh channel. Since carriage on digital cable and digital terrestrial has introduced Channel 4 to Welsh homes where it is now universally available; the first voice heard on Channel 4's opening day of Tuesday 2 November 1982 was that of continuity announcer Paul Coia who said: Good afternoon. It's a pleasure to be able to say to you, welcome to Channel Four.
Following the announcement, the channel headed into a montage of clips from its programmes set to the station's signature tune, "Fourscore", written by David Dundas, which would form the basis of the station's jingles for its first decade. The first programme to air on the channel was the teatime game show Countdown, at 16:45 produced by Yorkshire Television; the first person to be seen on Channel 4 was Richard Whiteley with Ted Moult being the second. The first woman on the channel, contrary to popular belief, was not Whiteley's Countdown co-host Carol Vorderman but a lexicographer only identified as Mary. Whiteley opened the show with the words: As the countdown to a brand new channel ends, a brand new countdown begins. On its first day, Channel 4 broadcast controversial soap opera Brookside, which ran until 2003. On its launch, Channel 4 committed itself to providing an alternative to the existing channels, an agenda in part set out by its remit which required the provision of programming to minority groups.
In step with its remit, the channel became well received both by minority groups and the arts and cultural worlds during this period under founding chief executive Jeremy Isaacs, where the channel gained a reputation for programmes on the contemporary arts. Channel 4 co-commissioned Robert Ashley's ground-breaking television opera Perfect Lives, which it premiered over several episodes in 1984; the channel did not receive mass audiences for much of this period, however, as might be expected for a station focusing on minority interest. Channel 4 began the funding of independent films, such as the Merchant-Ivory docudrama The Courtesans of Bombay, during this time. In 1992, Channel 4 faced its first libel case by Jani Allan, a South African journalist, who objected to her representation in Nick Broomfield's documentary The Leader, His Driver and the Driver's Wife. In September 1993, the channel broadcast the direct-to-TV documentary film Beyond Citizen Kane, in which it displayed the dominant position of the Rede Globo television network, discussed its influence and political connections in Brazil.
After control of the station passed from the Channel Four Television Co
Sky One is a British pay television channel operated and owned by Sky, a division of Comcast, available in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Sky One launched across Europe on 26 April 1982 by founder Connor Baskey as Satellite Television and is the oldest non-terrestrial TV channel in the United Kingdom. In the UK, the channel is available via digital satellite on Sky, digital cable on Virgin Media, IPTV on TalkTalk TV and online via Sky Go. In Ireland, the channel is available via Virgin Media Ireland and Eir Vision. Sky One listings include some popular broadcasts—many imported from North America—including 24, Battlestar Galactica, Caprica, Glee, Lie to Me, Prison Break, The Simpsons, Touch, WWE Raw, You, Me and the Apocalypse. Sky One started on 26 April 1982 as Satellite Television Ltd, was Europe's first cable and satellite channel broadcasting from the Orbital Test Satellite aimed at cable operators all over the continent. At first the station struggled financially, due to disappointing ratings in the countries in which it was available, which in turn led to insufficient advertising revenue and increasing difficulty in covering the high transmission costs.
On 27 June 1983, the shareholders of Satellite Television agreed a £5 million offer to give News International 65% of the company. Murdoch extended the broadcast hours and the number of countries the station broadcast to including the United Kingdom. On 16 January 1984, the channel was renamed Sky Channel. Sky Channel incorporated a large number of American imports in its schedules, while increased the quantity produced of home grown programmes, including a number of new music programmes with Gary Davies, Tony Blackburn, Linda de Mol, Pat Sharp, David "Kid" Jensen, Anthea Turner presenting programmes such as Euro Top 40, UK Top 50 Chart. New children's programmes like Fun Factory and The DJ Kat Show, many of which came not only from Sky's own studios in London, but included programmes produced in the Netherlands by John de Mol's production company. On 8 June 1988, Murdoch announced his plans to expand Sky's service to four channels, thus creating the Sky Television network. On 5 February 1989, the Sky Television Network was launched, At the same time, prime-time broadcasts to European cable operators ended, being replaced by Eurosport, a joint venture between Sky and the European Broadcasting Union, aimed at a pan-European audience.
A new raft of shows were created, for the channel including Jameson Tonight, Sale of the Century, The Price Is Right, Frank Bough's World and Sky By Day, Sky TV's variation on ITV's more popular This Morning, hosted by former BBC Radio 1 DJ Tony Blackburn and former Magpie presenter Jenny Hanley. The show had a mix of entertainment, fashion, etc; the Channel continued with the same children's programmes, US action series, WWF Wrestling. On 31 July 1989, the channel was renamed Sky One and closed in most European countries, broadcasting to only the United Kingdom and Ireland. In 1990, Sky One began to acquire more recent programming, an early success being Moonlighting, which the BBC had screened but not repeated. Sky One picked new programming such as The Simpsons, 21 Jump Street and the last series of Falcon Crest, following its merger with BSB's Galaxy, Parker Lewis Can't Lose. After many years in the clear, on 1 September 1993, Sky One was encrypted as part of the new Sky Multichannels subscription package, could no longer be viewed outside Britain and Ireland without exporting a box, or receiving it over cable.
The channel commissioned a number of home grown programmes while expanding its Australian television series to include E Street and Paradise Beach. It continued to be the most-watched satellite channel in the UK and Ireland, a position it held for most of the 1990s, with many first-run US imports such as The Simpsons, Frasier, Seinfeld, ER and The X-Files, as well as some older programmes such as the various Star Trek series, Hill Street Blues, M*A*S*H*, Lucille Ball's various comedy series; the success of the channel led to the launch on 1 September 1996 of a companion channel, Sky 2. In contrast to the Sky Two, relaunched, this channel featured more first-run programmes, it broadcast only at night, between 7 pm and 6 am. In 2000, a dedicated feed of Sky One for Ireland was launched. For most of this Irish feed's existence, the only difference between it and the United Kingdom feed has been differing commercials and programme promotions. In June 2003, the channel started broadcasting in 16:9 widescreen.
However, all TV commercials were broadcast in 4:3 until November 2005, because they were played off the same servers for all Sky channels, many of which were not broadcast in widescreen. On 21 September 2004, Sky One Mix was subsequently renamed Sky Mix. On 31 October 2005, Sky Mix was renamed as Sky Two with the launch of a second sister channel Sky Three. On 25 August 2012, it was announced by Stuart Murphy, director of Sky entertainment channels, that a one-hour timeshift of Sky One, Sky Living and S