Food City 500
The Food City 500 is an annual 500-lap, 266.5-mile annual Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series points race held at the Bristol Motor Speedway in Bristol, Tennessee. This is one of two NASCAR races held at Bristol, the other being the Bass Pro Shops NRA Night Race, is considered one of NASCAR's best races, it was the first venue of the 2007 NASCAR schedule to host the fifth-generation NASCAR premiership race car, a race won by Kyle Busch. In 2008, Bristol Motor Speedway President & General Manager Jeff Byrd requested that NASCAR move the spring race to a Spring date, to avoid the problems with rain and sleet that hit the area in late winter and early spring; this was not carried out until 2015. In 2015, the race moved from mid-March to April. Though every race besides 2016 have had some sort of rain alter the race including moving the race to Monday in 2017 and 2018. In 2011, title sponsor Food City announced it would honor former Speedway President and General Manager Jeff Byrd, who died in October 2010, by renaming the 2011 Spring race the Jeff Byrd 500 presented by Food City.
In 2015, the race was renamed the Food City 500 In Support Of Steve Byrnes And Stand Up To Cancer to support NASCAR on Fox broadcaster Steve Byrnes in his battle with cancer, in association with the Entertainment Industry Foundation. Kyle Busch is the defending race winner as of 2019. 1968: David Pearson won after a lengthy duel with Richard Petty and LeeRoy Yarbrough in a race prominently featured on the television series Car & Track. 1971: Pearson won after tagging James Hylton into the wall. 1972: Mechanic Junior Johnson saw the first of a plethora of Bristol wins over the ensuing two decades as Bobby Allison drove his Chevrolet to an easy win. 1973: Driving Junior's Chevy, Cale Yarborough led all 500 laps, a feat duplicated by Cale at Nashville in 1978 and by Jeff Burton at New Hampshire International Speedway in 2000. 1974: Chevrolets swept the top ten finishing spots led by Yarborough. 1975: Richard Petty posted only his second career Bristol win. 1977: Cale led all but five laps in a race where five other drivers needed relief help.
1979: After Cale crashed out with Buddy Baker, rookie Dale Earnhardt took his first win. 1981: Darrell Waltrip drove Johnson's Buick and edged Ricky Rudd, driving Waltrip's former car, the DiGard Racing Oldsmobile. Joe Millikan got into a wreck with Benny Parsons and said, "I lost my cool," to which car owner Bud Moore vowed, "I'll straighten out Millikan's cool." 1984: Waltrip posted his seventh straight Bristol win and the eighth straight for Junior Johnson. 1986: Rusty Wallace posted his first career win. 1987: Dale Earnhardt was involved in several crashes en route to the win. 1989: Wallace survived a chaotic race with multiple crashes and a wildcard victory bid by Greg Sacks. 1990: A spirited event ended in a wild finish. 1991: Grasping for a solution to pit road crashes emminating from numerous incidents in 1990, NASCAR had banned tire changes under yellow. More "even" cars wound up in contention, this created chaos. Rusty Wallace was able to pass cars under caution to move into his proper restart line, this helped him come back from two laps down on two separate occasions.
The lead changed a short track record, as Wallace edged Ernie Irvan at the finish. Sterling Marlin suffered burns in a fiery melee and needed relief help in subsequent weeks from Charlie Glotzbach. 1993: Wallace dominated days after defending race winner, defending Winston Cup champion Alan Kulwicki died in a plane crash. 1994: An ill-timed yellow trapped Geoff Bodine a lap down and put Dale Earnhardt into the lead en route to the win. Bodine had begun running Hoosier Tires. 1995: Jeff Gordon took the win, his third in the season's first six races. 1997: Gordon punted Rusty Wallace sideways on the final lap for the win. 1999: Wallace ran away at the end, while John Andretti rallied to finish fourth. 2000: Rusty Wallace scores his 50th NASCAR Cup Series win. 2001: Elliott Sadler edged Andretti for his first win, the first 1-2 finish for the Wood Brothers and Petty Enterprises since 1977. 2002: With NASCAR running high downforce on the cars via big rear spoiler and low airdam clearance, running hard tires, Kurt Busch pitted on Lap 325 and never visited the pits again as he edged Jimmy Spencer for the win, his first in Winston Cup.
Rusty Wallace was incensed at the manner with which Busch won the race enough that he lobbied NASCAR to cut downforce and go to softer tires in years to force pitstops. 2002: In what was the 2,000th race in NASCAR Cup Series history, Kurt Busch came back from a spin to win
Volusia Speedway Park
Volusia Speedway Park is an auto racing facility located near Barberville in Volusia County, Florida. It Currently operates as a 1/5-mile dirt oval for karts, it hosts races from the World of Outlaws series and the UMP late model series, As well as the UMP Super DIRTcar Series. The track was built by Benny Corbin and opened in 1968 as a 1/4 mile dirt oval, operating through 1969, it expanded to 3/8 mile in August 1969, operating through 1971. It expanded again to 1/2 mile in February 1972. Dick Murphy bought the racetrack in 1982, paved it in 1989. Murphy sold it in 1992, re-purchased it in 1997, when it was converted back to dirt; the 3/8 mile dirt oval opened behind turn 4 of the original oval, operating from 1993 until it was paved in 1998, In late 2004 the paved surface was torn up and removed and the karting track, located inside of the asphalt track was redesigned and took over all of the former asphalt track. The 1/5 mile dirt karting track complex is known as Volusia Karting. Murphy sold the racetrack in 2005 to DIRT Motorsports renamed the World Racing Group.
From 1989 until 1992, the track hosted a NASCAR Busch Series race. Official site DIRTcar Nationals at Volusia Speedway Park
ARCA Menards Series
The ARCA Menards Series is an American stock car series, the premier division of the Automobile Racing Club of America. It is considered a minor but professional league of stock car racing, used as a feeder series into the three national touring series of NASCAR, hosts events at a variety of track types including superspeedways, road courses, dirt tracks; the series has a longstanding relationship with NASCAR, including using former Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series cars, hosting events in the same race weekend such as Daytona Speedweeks, naming an award after NASCAR founder Bill France, Sr. The series was not affiliated with NASCAR until its buyout on April 27, 2018; the series was known as the ARCA Permatex SuperCar Series from 1986 until 1991, the ARCA Hooters SuperCar Series from 1993 until 1995, as the ARCA Bondo/Mar-Hyde Series from 1996 to 2000. The series was sponsored by real estate company RE/MAX as the ARCA RE/MAX Series from 2001 until 2009. Midwest-based home improvement company Menards began sponsoring the series in 2010 jointly with RE/MAX, became the lone presenting sponsor in 2011, from until February 2019 the series was known as the ARCA Racing Series presented by Menards.
The series was founded in Toledo, Ohio in 1953 as the Midwest Association for Race Cars, a local touring group in the Midwestern United States. The series was founded by John Marcum, a friend and former competitor of Bill France, Sr. and former NASCAR employee, who created MARC as a northern counterpart to the southern-based NASCAR. Early drivers included Nelson Stacy; the series became a part of Daytona Speedweeks in 1964 at the request of Bill France, allowing the series to open its season alongside the Daytona 500. The same year, the series name was changed from MARC to the current ARCA as a suggestion from France to give the series more national exposure; the series races on a variety of tracks from small ovals to superspeedways such as Daytona International Speedway. It is one of the last major oval track circuits to still compete on dirt tracks. In 2008 the series returned to racing on a road course; the series is headed by Marcum's grandson, Ron Drager. Due to the similarity between the cars and racetracks of the two series, the ARCA Racing Series is used to develop young drivers looking to break into the top three series of NASCAR.
The series has spawned such drivers as Benny Parsons, Ken Schrader and Kyle Petty, helped more recent Monster Energy Cup Series drivers Kyle Busch, Justin Allgaier, Casey Mears, Sam Hornish, Jr. get acclimated to stock cars. Young drivers will race in the series opener at Daytona International Speedway to gain NASCAR approval to run at superspeedways in the Truck or Xfinity Series. Other drivers, such as 10-time champion Frank Kimmel and 9-time race winner Bobby Gerhart remain in the series as opposed to pursuing a full-time career in NASCAR. NASCAR regulars, notably Ken Schrader, are known to frequent the series as well; the general minimum age for drivers is 18. However, drivers as young as 17 may be approved to drive on speedway tracks, drivers as young as 15 years can be permitted to drive at courses less than one mile in length and road courses; this is one year younger. After the 2015 season, ARCA ended its 30-year relationship with the Hoosier Racing Tire company, with General Tire replacing Hoosier.
On April 27, 2018 it was announced that the National Association of Stock Car Auto Racing had bought out the Automobile Racing Club of America. The 2018 and 2019 seasons will continue as planned, with undetermined changes coming in the 2020 racing season. Starting with the 2019 season, every race was televised live for the first time in series history, doing so on Fox Sports 1, Fox Sports 2, MAVTV; the series is known for using veteran steel-bodied Generation 4 cars from the NASCAR Monster Energy Cup Series, running cars until they are several years old and after a model's discontinuation in the Cup Series. For example, Bobby Gerhart's winning Daytona car in 1999 used a chassis built by Hendrick Motorsports in 1989. Following the transition of the Cup and Xfinity Series to the Car of Tomorrow in 2007 and 2010 the ARCA Series continued to use the 2007-style models of the Chevrolet Monte Carlo SS, Ford Fusion, Toyota Camry, Dodge Charger; the carbureted V8 engines used by the series are built under similar specifications to their NASCAR counterparts, purchased from NASCAR teams.
In spite of the similarities, ARCA racing is much more affordable than its more popular counterpart, with car owner Larry Clement estimating the required budget to run an ARCA car as "10 percent of what a NASCAR Winston Cup budget is." On August 1, 2014, ARCA president Ron Drager announced a new engine package option for the 2015 season, in addition to the current open motor rules package. The package is called the ARCA Ilmor 396 engine, alternately known as the ARCA Control Engine. Developed by Ilmor, which has developed engines for the IndyCar Series, the engine is a "purpose-built powerplant" using Holley electronic fuel injection and based on the Chevrolet LS engine family, able to deliver 700 horsepower and 500 ft. pounds of torque. The engine costs $35,000 to build and $15,000 to be re-built, allows teams to use the same engine at all track types for up to 1500 miles between re-builds; the Ilmor engine debuted during testing at Daytona International Speedway in December 2014, with Sean Corr's Ilmor-powered #48 Ford topping the speed charts at 188.478 mph.
NASCAR Xfinity Series
The NASCAR Xfinity Series is a stock car racing series organized by NASCAR. It is promoted as NASCAR's "minor league" circuit, is considered a proving ground for drivers who wish to step up to the organization's top level circuit, the Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series. NXS events are held as a support race on the day prior to a Cup Series event scheduled for that weekend; the series was called the Budweiser Late Model Sportsman Series in 1982 and 1983, the NASCAR Busch Grand National Series from 1984 through 2002, the NASCAR Busch Series from 2003 through 2007, the NASCAR Nationwide Series from 2008 through 2014. It is sponsored by Comcast via its consumer cable brand Xfinity; the series emerged from NASCAR's Sportsman division, formed in 1950 as NASCAR's short track race division. It was NASCAR's fourth series; the sportsman cars were not current model cars and could be modified more, but not as much as Modified series cars. It became the Late Model Sportsman Series in 1968, soon featured races on larger tracks such as Daytona International Speedway.
Drivers used obsolete Grand National cars on larger tracks but by the inception of the touring format in 1982, the series used older compact cars. Short track cars with small 300 cubic inch V-8 motors were used. Drivers used smaller current year models featuring V6 motors; the modern-day Xfinity Series was formed in 1982, when Anheuser-Busch sponsored a newly reformed late-model sportsman series with its Budweiser brand. The series switched sponsorship to Busch in 1984, it was renamed in 1986 to the Busch Grand National Series. Grand National was dropped from the series' title in 2003 as part of NASCAR's brand identity. Anheuser-Busch dropped the sponsorship in 2007; the Nationwide sponsorship was a seven-year contract, did not include the banking and mortgage departments of Nationwide. The sponsorship carried a $10 million commitment for 2008, with 6% annual escalations thereafter. On September 3, 2014, it was announced that Comcast would become the new title sponsor of the series via its cable television and internet brand Xfinity, renaming it the Xfinity Series.
In 2016, NASCAR implemented a seven-race Chase system similar to the one used in the NASCAR Cup Series. On August 23, 2018 NASCAR announced that the field size of the NXS will be cut from 40 to 38. On March 6, 2005, the series held its first race outside the United States, the Telcel-Motorola 200; the race was held in Mexico City, Mexico at the Autodromo Hermanos Rodriguez, a track that has held Formula One and Champ Car races in the past. It was won by Martin Truex Jr. On August 4, 2007, the series held its second race outside the United States, at the Circuit Gilles Villeneuve in Montreal, another road course, it was won by Kevin Harvick. In July 2008, NASCAR announced that the Nationwide Series would not return to Mexico City in 2009, in 2012 they announced that it would not be returning to Montreal in 2013. In 2016, the NXS and the NASCAR Camping World Truck Series adopted a playoff format similar to the NASCAR Cup Series Chase for the Championship. Unlike the NASCAR Cup Series, whose Chase consists of four rounds, the Xfinity Series and Truck Series both use a three-round format.
After each of the first two rounds, the four Chase grid drivers with the fewest season points are eliminated from the grid and Chase contention. The best-placed driver overall from the four Dash 4 Cash races advances to the Chase. Round of 12 Begins with 12 drivers who qualify for the Chase grid with 2,000 points Round of 8 Begins with 8 drivers, each with 3,000 points Championship 4 The last four drivers in contention for the season title will have their points reset to 4,000 points, with the highest finisher in the race winning the NXS title. In the 1980s, races were sparsely shown by ESPN if they were covering the cup race at the same track. Starting in 1990, more races began to be shown. By the mid-1990s, all races were shown. Most standalone races were aired on TNN, which helped grow coverage of the series, while races that were companion races with Winston Cup dates aired on the network airing the Cup race. TNN aired some of these races, which aired on CBS, NBC, ESPN, ABC and TBS. From 2001 until 2006, Fox Sports covered the entire first half of the Busch Grand National season, while NBC and TNT both aired races during the second half, with Turner Sports producing all the coverage for both networks.
However, in numbered years, coverage was changed, with the opening race at Daytona airing on NBC in 2004, on TNT in 2002 and 2006 and the track's July race airing on FX. Large portions of Fox's coverage aired on sister network FX, with a few marquee events on the network itself. From 2007 until 2014, ESPN was the home of the renamed Nationwide Series. Four races per season aired on ABC, with the remainder on ESPN, ESPN2, ESPNews. Early in ESPN's run, ESPN Classic was used for NNS overflow, however with less carriage of that network, this practice ended. Fox Sports did make a return to the series, airing the 2011 Bubba Burger 250 at Richmond on Speed Channel, due to ESPN giving up its exclusive rights to the race because of programming conflicts. In 2015, the NXS returned to FOX Sports during the first half of the season. Like the previous time Fox held righ
Winder is a city in Barrow County, United States. It is part of the Atlanta metropolitan area; the population was 14,099 at the 2010 census. The city is the county seat of Barrow County. Winder was a place for early settlement, being first occupied hundreds of years ago by Creek Indians, who called it Snodon. Activities centered around what are now Church streets; when white settlers established homes and farms near that village in 1793, the town was renamed, becoming The Jug, ten years later. At that time, the town had a population of 37 persons; the first school was built on 11.5 acres, known as the Academy Lot, located at the intersection of West Athens and Church streets. An historic marker now commemorates the site. For protection from hostile Indians, Fort Yargo was constructed, one of four such forts built in the area by the Humphrey brothers. Jug Tavern grew during the decades before the Civil War; the town, at the time of its origin, extended from the railroad crossing of Broad Street for one-half mile into three counties: Jackson and Gwinnett.
In 1884, Jug Tavern was incorporated by the Georgia General Assembly. It was first governed by four aldermen who were elected annually; the first mayor, N. J. Kelly, took the oath of office on January 8, 1885. During the Civil War, Jug Tavern was untouched, though a number of its young men fought in several battles. Towards the end of that conflict, however, as the northern armies of General William T. Sherman approached, two important skirmishes took place nearby; that decade and the next were pivotal in Winder's history. The city began to achieve prominence with the construction of railroads; the Gainesville Midland Railroad built tracks through Jug Tavern along Midland Avenue in 1883, connecting it with Gainesville and Social Circle, with other stops at Bethlehem and Mulberry. The Georgia and Northern Railway was planned to pass four miles south of Jug Tavern, but enterprising local citizens deeded 16 acres for $10 to induce the railroad to pass through the town, which it first did on April 24, 1892, with 150 passengers on board.
Jug Tavern henceforth became a station on the Atlanta and Athens run, a depot was erected that year. Most of the early commercial activity which came to the heart of downtown was located between these two rail lines. Jug Tavern was renamed Winder a year after the Georgia and Northern Railway's maiden run through the town; the change became official by an Act passed by the Georgia General Assembly on December 12, 1893. Named for the general manager of the Seaboard Railway, John H. Winder, the City's boundary was enlarged to encompass a one-mile circle extending from the same crossing of the railroad of Broad Street. In similar fashion to Jug Tavern, the town was governed by a mayor, but now with six aldermen, who had the power to issue bonds for public schools, water works and other purposes; the last mayor of Jug Tavern and the first of Winder was H. S. Segars. Considerable growth took place in Winder during the 1890s; as the 20th century arrived, banks had been established as well as offices for attorneys, dentists, real estate operations and blacksmiths.
A drugstore came into existence and, in 1900, the Winder Telephone Company opened. While farming remained the chief occupation of most of the area's citizens, many residents began working in newly forming manufacturing enterprises, including Winder Foundry and Machinery, Bell Overall, Smith Hardware and Winder Cotton Mill. Retailing grew in downtown: general merchandisers, dry goods and bakeries. Four churches were constituted, a hotel was built, a volunteer fire department was formed. Winder became an important trade center in eastern Georgia. Being situated in three counties caused continuous legal problems and governance confusion for the residents and businesses of Winder, it required 75 years, following many aborted efforts, for Barrow County to be established. On July 7, 1914, the Georgia General Assembly carved territory from Gwinnett and Walton counties to create the new county, with Winder as the county seat; each of these counties utilized a river as the line which would separate the donated land in the former counties from the future Barrow County.
The new county was named for the Chancellor of the University of David Crenshaw Barrow. A new courthouse, designed by James J. Baldwin, was completed in 1920 at a cost of $133,400. Other towns brought in with the establishment of Barrow County included Auburn, Bethlehem and Statham. Winder continued to prosper during most of the first half of the 20th century. Industries undertook the manufacture of overalls, hardware and the processing of cotton. Additional banks opened and, in 1907, the Winder News began publishing. After World War I, during which Winder contributed many young men, major public investments were made, including the paving of Broad Street, creation of an electric light system and construction of a waterworks. Highway 29 was paved from Lawrenceville to Winder in 1930, during the following year, a nearby local resident, Richard Russell Jr. was inaugurated as governor of Georgia. Upon his election to the U. S. Senate, Russell obtained an appropriation, in 1943, to construct a local airport, opened in 1948.
Many important events helped to modernize
Mainland High School
Mainland High School is a public high school located in Daytona Beach, Florida. It is attended by 1,979 students of grades nine through twelve; the mascot is a Buccaneer and resembles the old logo of the Tampa Bay Buccaneers. The original school was known as Daytona Public School, was not a permanent structure. Started in 1872 as a school for all grades, the school started off in a log cabin, moved several times, finally settled in the wood-frame building pictured on the right in 1874. In 1910, the school was moved to a permanent building until 1925, it was during this time that the first sports program was started in 1912. This school served both senior high school students; the mascot of the time was the Panther and the school colors were Silver and Blue. In 1926, the school was moved to a new campus on Third Avenue, it had an initial enrollment of 400 students, but expanded to near capacity. It is at this time that the mascot is changed to the Buccaneer and the school colors are changed to Blue and Gold.
In 1946 the name was changed to the current school name. This campus lasted until 1962. In 1962, the school was moved yet again to the current property of the school at the intersection of International Speedway Boulevard, and Clyde Morris Boulevard. Unlike the previous centralized designs, this school was spread out into long buildings in a row, with open hallways; this design was used to increase natural air flow from the ocean, as the school did not have air conditioning until the 1980s. Some of the buildings were expanded, a few new buildings were added to accommodate for technology and demand for more classes. Portables were added behind the school to meet the demand for more classrooms; this school was in use until 2010. The current school, which now faces International Speedway Boulevard, was built by 2006; as air conditioning was no longer a concern, the design went back to being centralized, with the five main buildings centered around a large courtyard. The improvement was aided by a $6 million gift from notable alumnus and professional basketball player Vince Carter.
M. W. Martin Dennis Burdom I. H. DeWolff Annie C. Hite John B. Parkinson M. Stewart Lulu Foulke J. L. Wright Mabel T. Rogers George W. Marks Isabel Stuart Mays Jerome F. Eastham McLalughlin W. B. Treloar John W. Turner J. Broward Culpepper W. K. Jennings W. B. Treloar C. T. Welshinger Vincent P. McClintock C. T. Welshinger Jack Surrette Alex Robertson Mike Osborne Tim Huth Patricia Graham Cheryl Salerno Mainland, like many other schools in Volusia County, has several "academies." Academies are special programs of study. Mainland has five academies: the Academy of Science and Medicine, the Academy of Communications and Multimedia Technology, the Academy of Drafting and Manufacturing Technology, the Sports Science Academy, the Academy of Simulation and Robotics; these academies entitle graduating students to a special diploma upon completion of the program. ASM is Mainland's largest academy, it is the medicine academy. Students are required to take two extra math courses, five extra science courses, along with a computer science course prior to graduation.
Beginning with students that enter during the 2008–2009 School year, the name will be phased to "ASM", or the Academy of Science and Medicine, with the engineering track being removed, more emphasis being placed on the medical and environmental aspects of the scientific field. The Academy of Communications and Multimedia Technology focuses on computer-related career subjects, such as digital design, network design and maintenance, web design, yearbook production, television production; the Academy of Design and Manufacturing Technology focuses on preparing students for a career in the fields of technology development, engineering, computer aided manufacturing, interior design, construction. This academy uses technology such as: Autodesk AutoCAD and Inventor Pro and milling and CNC machines; the Sports Science Academy covers everything in sports besides the athletics. This includes First Aid and medical care, athletic training, sports administration; the Academy of Simulation and Robotics debuted in the 2007-2008 school year.
Students attracted to robotics, video game design and programming, computer science can learn about these amazing fields and can develop the skills and knowledge needed to find jobs in the industry. Programming is taught using the Java programming language in computer science classes and Ruby in game programming classes. Mainland has several clubs and sports to choose from, which cover a wide variety of fields of interest. Mainland has the following sports teams: Baseball Bowling Basketball Cross Country Flag Football Football Golf Soccer Softball Swimming Tennis Track & Field Volleyball Weightlifting Wrestling National Blue Ribbon School of Excellence: 1983, 1991, 1996 Redbook Magazine's "Best Overall High School in Florida": 1992, 1996 Florida's Governors Council Award for Model Physical Fitness Program: 1995 Florida Five Star School, for outstanding business partnership and parent participation: 1995-1998 Internet Science and Technology Fair National Winners: 1999-2003, 2006-2011 U. S. Department of Education Technology Grant: 1997 New Millennium High School Grant: 2001 NCTM Edward G. Begle Grant: 2003-2005 Enhancing Education Through Technology Grants: 2003-2005 1998-1999 C 1999-2000 C 2000-2001 C 2001-2002 C 2002-2003 C 2003-2004 C 2004-2005 C 2005-2006 C 2006-2007 D 2007-2008
The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing is an American auto racing sanctioning and operating company, best known for stock-car racing. Its three largest or National series are the Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series, the Xfinity Series, the Gander Outdoors Truck Series. Regional series include the NASCAR K&N Pro Series East and West, the Whelen Modified Tour, NASCAR Pinty's Series, NASCAR Whelen Euro Series, NASCAR PEAK Mexico Series. NASCAR sanctions over 1,500 races at over 100 tracks in 48 US states as well as in Canada and Europe. NASCAR has presented races at the Suzuka and Motegi circuits in Japan, the Calder Park Thunderdome in Australia. NASCAR ventures into eSports via the PEAK Antifreeze NASCAR iRacing Series and a sanctioned ladder system on that title; the owned company was founded by Bill France Sr. in 1948, Jim France has been CEO since August 6, 2018. The company's headquarters is in Florida. Internationally, its races are broadcast on television in over 150 countries. In the 1920s and 30s, Daytona Beach became known as the place to set world land speed records, supplanting France and Belgium as the preferred location for land speed records, with 8 consecutive world records set between 1927 and 1935.
After a historic race between Ransom Olds and Alexander Winton in 1903, the beach became a mecca for racing enthusiasts and 15 records were set on what became the Daytona Beach Road Course between 1905 and 1935. By the time the Bonneville Salt Flats became the premier location for pursuit of land speed records, Daytona Beach had become synonymous with fast cars in 1936. Drivers raced on a 4.1-mile course, consisting of a 1.5–2.0-mile stretch of beach as one straightaway, a narrow blacktop beachfront highway, State Road A1A, as the other. The two straights were connected by two tight rutted and sand covered turns at each end. Stock car racing in the United States has its origins in bootlegging during Prohibition, when drivers ran bootleg whiskey made in the Appalachian region of the United States. Bootleggers needed to distribute their illicit products, they used small, fast vehicles to better evade the police. Many of the drivers would modify their cars for speed and handling, as well as increased cargo capacity, some of them came to love the fast-paced driving down twisty mountain roads.
The repeal of Prohibition in 1933 dried up some of their business, but by Southerners had developed a taste for moonshine, a number of the drivers continued "runnin' shine", this time evading the "revenuers" who were attempting to tax their operations. The cars continued to improve, by the late 1940s, races featuring these cars were being run for pride and profit; these races were popular entertainment in the rural Southern United States, they are most associated with the Wilkes County region of North Carolina. Most races in those days were of modified cars. Street vehicles were lightened and reinforced. Mechanic William France Sr. moved to Daytona Beach, from Washington, D. C. in 1935 to escape the Great Depression. He was familiar with the history of the area from the land speed record attempts. France entered the 1936 Daytona event, he took over running the course in 1938. He promoted a few races before World War II. France had the notion. Drivers were victimized by unscrupulous promoters who would leave events with all the money before drivers were paid.
In 1947, he decided this racing would not grow without a formal sanctioning organization, standardized rules, regular schedule, an organized championship. On December 14, 1947, France began talks with other influential racers and promoters at the Ebony Bar at the Streamline Hotel at Daytona Beach, that ended with the formation of NASCAR on February 21, 1948; the first Commissioner of NASCAR was Erwin "Cannonball" Baker. A former stock car and open-wheel racer who competed in the Indianapolis 500 and set over one hundred land speed records. Baker earned most of his fame for his transcontinental speed runs and would prove a car's worth by driving it from New York to Los Angeles. After his death, the famous transcontinental race the'Cannonball Run' and the film, inspired by it were both named in his honor. Baker is enshrined in the Automotive Hall of Fame, the Motorcycle Hall of Fame, the Indianapolis Motor Speedway Hall of Fame; this level of honor and success in each diverse racing association earned Baker the title of "King of the Road".
In the early 1950s, the United States Navy stationed Bill France Jr. at the Moffett Federal Airfield in northern California. His father asked him to look up Bob Barkhimer in California. Barkhimer was a star of midget car racing from the World War II era, ran about 22 different speedways as the head of the California Stock Car Racing Association. Young Bill developed a relationship with his partner, Margo Burke, he went to events with them, stayed weekends with them and became familiar with racing on the west coast. "Barky", as he was called by his friends, met with Bill France Sr.. In the spring of 1954, NASCAR became a stock car sanctioning body on the Pacific Coast under Barky. Wendell Scott was the first African-American to win a race in the Grand National Series, NASCAR's highest level, he was posthumously inducted into the NASCAR Hall of Fame in Charlotte, N. C. January 30, 2015. On March 8, 1936, a collection of drivers gathered at Florida; the drivers brought coupes, hardtops and sports cars to compete in an event to determine the fastest cars, best dr