Victor Heerman was an English-American film director and film producer. After writing and directing short comedies for Mack Sennett, Heerman teamed with his wife Sarah Y. Mason to win the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay of Louisa May Alcott's novel Little Women in 1933, he directed the Marx Brothers' second film, Animal Crackers, in 1930. He and Mason were the first screenwriters involved in early, never-produced scripts commissioned for what would become MGM's Pride and Prejudice; the Stolen Jools: 1931 Sea Legs: 1930 Animal Crackers: 1930 Paramount on Parade: 1930 Personality: 1930 Moonlight and Romance: 1930 Love Hungry: 1928 Ladies Must Dress: 1927 Rubber Heels: 1927 For Wives Only: 1926 Irish Luck: 1925 Old Home Week: 1925 The Confidence Man: 1924 The Dangerous Maid: 1923 Rupert of Hentzau: 1923 Modern Marriage: 1923 Love Is an Awful Thing: 1922 John Smith: 1922 My Boy: 1921 The Chicken in the Case: 1921 The Poor Simp: 1920 Don't Ever Marry: 1920 The River's End: 1920 Chicken à la Cabaret: 1920 His Naughty Wife: 1919 Watch Your Neighbor: 1918 Are Waitresses Safe?: 1917 A Maiden's Trust: 1917 Pinched in the Finish: 1917 Stars and Bars: 1917 She Loved a Sailor: 1916 Magnificent Obsession: 1954 Little Women: 1949 Meet Me in St. Louis: 1944 A Girl, a Guy, a Gob: 1941 Pride and Prejudice: 1940 Golden Boy: 1939 Stella Dallas: 1937 Magnificent Obsession: 1935 Break of Hearts: 1935 The Little Minister: 1934 Imitation of Life: 1934 The Age of Innocence: 1934 Little Women: 1933 Personality: 1930 Love Hungry: 1928 Ladies Must Dress: 1927 Modern Matrimony: 1923 Love Is an Awful Thing: 1922 John Smith: 1922 My Boy: 1921 A Divorce of Convenience:, 1921 The Chicken in the Case: 1921 Victor Heerman on IMDb Victor Heerman at Find a Grave Victor Heerman papers at the Margaret Herrick Library
George Seaton was an American screenwriter, film director and producer, theatre director. Seaton was born George Edward Stenius in South Bend, Indiana, of Swedish descent, the son of Olga and Charles Stenius, a chef and restaurant manager, he was baptized as Roman Catholic. He grew up in a Detroit Jewish neighborhood, described himself as a "Shabas goy". So he went on to learn Hebrew in an Orthodox Jewish Yeshiva and was bar mitzvahed, he attended Exeter and was meant to go to Yale but instead auditioned for Jesse Bonstelle's drama school in Detroit. She hired him for her stock company at $15 a week. Seaton worked on radio, he worked as an actor on radio station WXYZ. John L. Barrett played The Lone Ranger on test broadcasts of the series in early January 1933, but when the program became part of the regular schedule Seaton was cast in the title role. In years, he claimed to have devised the cry "Hi-yo, Silver" because he couldn't whistle for his horse as the script required. Seaton wrote several plays, one of, read by an executive at MGM who offered him a contract.
Seaton, along with fellow writer and friend Robert Pirosh, joined Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer as a contract writer in 1933. He was credited on the scripts for Student Tour and The Winning Ticket and did some uncredited work on A Night at the Opera. Seaton's first major screen credit was the Marx Brothers comedy A Day at the Races, he left MGM in 1937. He did some uncredited work on The Wizard of Oz, he wrote a play But Not Goodbye. Seaton went to Columbia where he was credited on the scripts for The Doctor Takes a Wife, This Thing Called Love and Bedtime Story. At Columbia Seaton first met William Perlberg. In the early 1940s, he joined 20th Century Fox, where he remained for the rest of the decade, writing scripts for That Night in Rio with Don Ameche and Alice Faye. For a time he specialised in musicals and comedy: Moon Over Miami, with Betty Grable and Ameche, Charley's Aunt, with Jack Benny. Seaton wrote a historical war film, Ten Gentlemen from West Point did the comedies The Magnificent Dope with Ameche and Henry Fonda, The Meanest Man in the World with Benny.
Seaton wrote The Song of Bernadette, a big success. It was produced by William Perlberg. Seaton followed it with the Betty Grable musical Coney Island, he wrote The Eve of St. Mark, but Not Goodbye, Seaton's 1944 Broadway debut as a playwright, closed after only 23 performances, although it was adapted for the 1946 MGM film The Cockeyed Miracle by Karen DeWolf. Seaton had been so successful as a writer, his first film was Diamond Horseshoe with Grable, which he wrote. It was produced by William Perlberg who would go on to produce all of Seaton's films from this time on; the film was successful. Seaton did some uncredited directing on Where Do We Go from Here? wrote and directed Junior Miss, based on a popular play, with Peggy Ann Garner. Seaton directed The Shocking Miss Pilgrim with Grable, he followed it with Miracle on 34th Street, which became acknowledged as a classic. Seaton won an Oscar for his screenplay. Seaton wrote and directed two comedies, Apartment for Peggy with William Holden and Jeanne Craine, Chicken Every Sunday with Dan Dailey.
He did a drama about the Berlin Airlift with Montgomery Clift, The Big Lift did another comedy, For Heaven's Sake, with Clifton Webb. In November 1950 Seaton and Perlberg signed a multi million dollar contract with Paramount for six years. Seaton would write and direct films, they would produce films from others, they produced, but did not write or direct, the comedy Rhubarb, Aaron Slick from Punkin Crick, Somebody Loves Me with Betty Hutton. Seatons first film as writer director for Paramount was Anything Can Happen, a comedy with Jose Ferrer. Seaton made two films with Bing Crosby. Little Boy Lost was not a success but The Country Girl, based on the play by Clifford Odets was a notable triumph. Grace Kelly earned an Oscar for Best Actress and Seaton won an Oscar for his screenplay. Seaton and Perlberg The Bridges at Toko-Ri, directed by Mark Robson, with Holden and Kelly, it was a huge hit. In 1955 Seaton was elected president of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, he would serve three terms.
Seaton directed The 28th Annual Academy Awards in 1956. Seaton wrote and directed The Proud and Profane with William Holden and Deborah Kerr, a box office disappointment, he directed a short film Williamsburg: The Story of a Patriot and produced The Tin Star, directed by Anthony Mann. Seaton and Perlberg were borrowed by MGM to direct and produce a comedy with Clark Gable and Doris Day, Teacher's Pet, he did not write. In April 1958 Seaton announced; the first of these were But Not for Me and The Rat Race, directed by Robert Mulligan. Seaton worked as director only on The Pleasure of His Company with Debbie Reynolds, he directed The Counterfeit Traitor with Holden. They ended to follow it with The Hook Night Without End adapted by Eric Ambler from an Alistair Maclean novel. Perlberg-Seaton Productions moved to MGM where Seaton directed Kirk Douglas in The Hook a Korean War drama, he was uncredited producer on Twilight of Honor and directed some additional scenes on Mutiny on
Lysander Pierre Collings, known professionally as Pierre Collings, was a writer and filmmaker who, along with Sheridan Gibney, won two Academy Awards in 1936 for The Story of Louis Pasteur. Their screenplay was adapted from their own work, leading to awards for both Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Story. Collings started in the motion picture industry at 17 as a messenger boy and worked as a cameraman before becoming known for his writing, he wrote a number of screenplays in the mid-late 1920s and although he was less active and suffered from a number of personal issues in the 1930s, it was that his best known work was released. The Story of Louis Pasteur was nominated for Best Picture and won Best Actor for Paul Muni, in addition to winning Best Story and Best Adapted Screenplay for Collings and Gibney. Unusually, the pair won Best Adapted Screenplay for adapting their own work; the Best Story category was discontinued in 1957 in favor of Best Original Screenplay. Collings was born in Nova Scotia, Canada to American parents and Olive Collings.
In 1926 he married Natalie Harris. The couple divorced in 1930, he was arrested for drunk driving in August 1935, a few months before starting work on The Story of Louis Pasteur. While working on the screenplay, his mother died unexpectedly, upon its completion he suffered a nervous breakdown, he was not in attendance at the Academy Awards ceremony to receive his two awards. Unable to secure much work after Louis Pasteur, Collings started drinking and fell into poverty, he died of pneumonia at the age of 37 in California. At the time he was working on a screenplay with songwriter Carrie Jacobs Bond; the Los Angeles Times attributed his death to "despair" due to lack of work. Both of Collings's Academy Awards have been lost. One was found after his death in a hotel closet full of items kept by the hotel as collateral when guests did not pay in advance. Actor Charles McKay, who found it, screenwriter Arthur Caesar returned the award to the Academy, but today the Academy does not have a record of what happened to it.
Collings is rumored to have pawned the other. A Woman of the World The Grand Duchess and the Waiter A Social Celebrity Good and Naughty The Show Off Knockout Reilly Time to Love The Red Dance The Hole in the Wall Dangerous Nan McGrew Animal Crackers The Story of Louis Pasteur Pierre Collings on IMDb
Bernardo Bertolucci was an Italian director and screenwriter, whose films include The Conformist, Last Tango in Paris, 1900, The Last Emperor, The Sheltering Sky, Little Buddha, Stealing Beauty and The Dreamers. In recognition of his work, he was presented with the inaugural Honorary Palme d'Or Award at the opening ceremony of the 2011 Cannes Film Festival. From 1979 until his death in 2018, he was married to screenwriter Clare Peploe. Bertolucci was born in the region of Emilia-Romagna, he was the elder son of Ninetta, a teacher, Attilio Bertolucci, a poet, a reputed art historian and film critic. His mother was born to an Italian father and an Irish mother. Having been raised in an artistic environment, Bertolucci began writing at the age of fifteen, soon after received several prestigious literary prizes including the Premio Viareggio for his first book, his father's background helped his career: the elder Bertolucci had helped the Italian filmmaker Pier Paolo Pasolini publish his first novel, Pasolini reciprocated by hiring Bertolucci as first assistant in Rome on Accattone.
Bertolucci had the theatre director and playwright Giuseppe. His cousin was the film producer Giovanni Bertolucci, with. Bertolucci wished to become a poet like his father. With this goal in mind, he attended the Faculty of Modern Literature of the University of Rome from 1958 to 1961, where his film career as an assistant director to Pasolini began. Shortly after, Bertolucci left the University without graduating. In 1962, at the age of 22, he directed his first feature film, produced by Tonino Cervi with a screenplay by Pasolini, called La commare secca; the film is a murder mystery, following a prostitute's homicide. Bertolucci uses flashbacks to piece together the person who committed it; the film which shortly followed was his acclaimed Before the Revolution. The boom of Italian cinema, which gave Bertolucci his start, slowed in the 1970s as directors were forced to co-produce their films with several of the American, Swedish and German companies and actors due to the effects of the global economic recession on the Italian film industry.
Bertolucci caused controversy in 1972 with the film Last Tango in Paris, starring Marlon Brando, Maria Schneider, Jean-Pierre Léaud and Massimo Girotti. The film presents Brando's character, Paul, as he copes with his wife's suicide by and physically dominating a young woman, Jeane; the depictions of Schneider 19 years old, were regarded as exploitative. In one scene, Paul anally rapes Jeane using butter as a lubricant; the use of butter was not in the script. She said in 2007 that she had cried "real tears" during the scene and had felt humiliated and "a little raped". In 2013 Bertolucci said that he had withheld the information from Schneider to generate a real "reaction of frustration and rage". Brando alleged that Bertolucci had wanted the characters to have real sex, but Brando and Schneider both said it was simulated. In 2016 Bertolucci released a statement where he clarified that Schneider had known of the violence to be depicted in the scene, but had not been told about the use of butter.
Following the scandal surrounding the film's release, Schneider became suicidal. She became a women's rights advocate, in particular fighting for more female film directors, more respect for female actors and better representation of women in film and media. Criminal proceedings were brought against Bertolucci in Italy for the rape scene. An Italian court revoked Bertolucci's civil rights for five years and gave him a four-month suspended prison sentence. In 1978 the Appeals Court of Bologna ordered three copies of the film to be preserved in the national film library with the stipulation that they could not be viewed, until Bertolucci was able to re-submit it for general distribution with no cuts. Bertolucci increased his fame with his next few films, from 1900, an epic depiction of the struggles of farmers in Emilia-Romagna from the beginning of the 20th century up to World War II with an international cast to La Luna, set in Rome and in Emilia-Romagna, in which Bertolucci deals with the thorny issue of drugs and incest, La tragedia di un uomo ridicolo, with Ugo Tognazzi.
He wrote two screenplays based on Dashiell Hammett’s Red Harvest. He hoped this would be his first film set in America. In 1987, Bertolucci directed the epic The Last Emperor, a biographical film telling the life story of Aisin-Gioro Puyi, the last Emperor of China; the film was independently produced by British producer Jeremy Thomas, with whom Bertolucci worked exclusively from on. The film was three years in the making. Bertolucci, who co-wrote the film with Mark Peploe, won the Academy Award for Best Director; the film uses Puyi's life as a mirror that reflects China's passage from feudalism through revolution to its current state. At the 60th Academy Awards, The Last Emperor won all nine Oscars for which it was nominated: Best Picture, Best Director, Best Writing, Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium, Best Cinematography, Best Film
The Last Emperor
The Last Emperor is a 1987 British-Italian epic biographical drama film about the life of Puyi, the last Emperor of China, whose autobiography was the basis for the screenplay written by Mark Peploe and Bernardo Bertolucci. Independently produced by Jeremy Thomas, it was directed by Bertolucci and released in 1987 by Columbia Pictures. Puyi's life is depicted from his ascent to the throne as a small boy to his imprisonment and political rehabilitation by the Communist Party of China; the film stars John Lone as Puyi, with Joan Chen, Peter O'Toole, Ruocheng Ying, Victor Wong, Dennis Dun, Ryuichi Sakamoto, Maggie Han, Ric Young, Vivian Wu, Chen Kaige. It was the first Western feature film authorized by the People's Republic of China to film in the Forbidden City in Beijing, it won 9 Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Best Director, at the 60th iteration of the event. In 1950, Puyi has been kept in custody for five years, since the Red Army captured him during the Soviet Union entry into the Pacific War in 1945.
In the established People's Republic of China, Puyi arrives as a political prisoner and war criminal at the Fushun Prison. Soon after his arrival, Puyi attempts suicide, but is revived and told he must stand trial. 42 years earlier, in 1908, a toddler Puyi is summoned to the Forbidden City by the dying Empress Dowager Cixi. After telling him that the previous emperor had died earlier that day, with her last words, Cixi tells Puyi that he will be the next emperor. After his coronation, frightened by his new surroundings expresses his wish to go home, denied. Despite having scores of palace eunuchs and maids to wait on him, his only real friend is his wet nurse, Ar Mo, who accompanied him and his father to the palace on the Empress Dowager's summons; the next section of the film continues the series of chronological flashbacks showing Puyi's early life intermixed with his imprisonment in the 1950s. His upbringing is confined to the imperial palace, which he is not allowed to leave; when he is about ten, he is visited by his younger brother, who tells him he is no longer Emperor and that China is a republic.
In 1919, the kindly Scotsman Reginald Johnston is appointed as Puyi's tutor and gives him a Western-style education. Puyi becomes desirous to leave the Forbidden City. Johnston, wary of the courtiers' expensive lifestyle, convinces Puyi that the best way of achieving this is by marrying. Now the master of his own home, Puyi sets about reforming the Forbidden City, including expelling the thieving palace eunuchs. However, in 1924, he himself is expelled from the palace and exiled to Tientsin following the Beijing Coup, he leads a decadent life as a playboy and Anglophile, when the Japanese invade Manchuria he sides with them. During this time Wenxiu divorces him, but Wanrong remains and succumbs to opium addiction. In 1934 the Japanese crown him "Emperor" of their puppet state of Manchukuo, though his supposed political supremacy is undermined at every turn, he remains nominal ruler of the region until his capture by the Red Army at the end of the Second World War. Under the "Communist re-education programme" for political prisoners, Puyi is coerced by his interrogators to formally renounce his forced collaboration with the Japanese invaders for war crimes during the Second Sino-Japanese War.
After a heated discussion with the camp commandant and upon watching a film detailing the wartime atrocities committed by the Japanese, Puyi recants his previous stance and is considered rehabilitated by the government. The final minutes of the film show a flash-forward to 1967 during the rise of Mao Zedong's cult of personality and the beginning of the Cultural Revolution. By now, Puyi has become a simple gardener. On his way home from work, he happens upon a Red Guard parade, complete with children playing pentatonic music on accordions en masse and dancers who dance the rejection of landlordism by the Communists, his prison camp commander, who helped him during his rehabilitation, is forced to wear a dunce cap and a sandwich board bearing punitive slogans, is one of the political prisoners now punished as an anti-revolutionary in the parade. Puyi visits the Forbidden City as an ordinary tourist, he meets an assertive little boy wearing the red scarf of the Pioneer Movement. The young Communist orders Puyi to step away from the throne.
However, Puyi proves to the boy that he was indeed the Son of Heaven, proceeding to approach the throne. Behind it, Puyi finds a 60-year-old pet cricket that he was given by palace official Chen Baochen on his coronation day and gives it to the child. Amazed by the gift, the boy turns to talk to Puyi. In 1987, a tour guide is leading a group through the palace. Stopping in front of the throne, the guide sums up Puyi's life in a few, brief sentences, concluding that he died in 1967. Bernardo Bertolucci proposed the film to the Chinese government as one of two possible projects – the other was an adaptation of La Condition humaine by André Malraux; the Chinese preferred The Last Emperor. Producer Jeremy Thomas managed to raise the $25 million budget for his ambitious independent production single-handedly. At one stage, he scoured the phone book for potential financiers. Bertolucci was given complete freedom by the authorities to shoot in The Forbidden City, which had never before been opened up for use in a Western film.
For the first ninety minutes of the film and Storaro made full use of its visual splendour. 19,000 extras were needed over the course of the f
Sarah Y. Mason
Sarah Y. Mason was an American screenwriter and script supervisor. Mason was born Sarah Yeiser Mason in Arizona, she and her husband Victor Heerman won the Academy Award for best screenplay adaptation for their adaptation for the 1933 film Little Women, based on the novel by Louisa May Alcott. After that success and Heerman were the first screenwriters involved in early, never-produced scripts commissioned for what would become MGM's Pride and Prejudice. Mason's career is notable as she was one of the first in Hollywood to specialize in script supervision and film continuity when the industry switched from silent film to talkies, she and Heerman married in 1921. She was cremated. Victor and Sarah had two children, Catharine Anliss Heerman, an artist and teacher of art in Southern California, married to record producer Lester Koenig; the Academy Award for Little Women remains with the family. Held In Trust Cradle Snatchers The Broadway Melody Little Women The Age of Innocence Imitation of Life The Little Minister Break of Hearts Magnificent Obsession Stella Dallas Golden Boy Pride and Prejudice Meet Me in St. Louis: 1944 Little Women A Girl, a Guy, a Gob Magnificent Obsession Sarah Y. Mason on IMDb Sarah Y. Mason at the Women Film Pioneers Project Sarah Y. Mason at Find a Grave
James Hilton (novelist)
James Hilton was an English novelist best remembered for several best-sellers, including Lost Horizon and Goodbye, Mr. Chips, he wrote Hollywood screenplays. Born in Leigh, England, Hilton was the son of John Hilton, the headmaster of Chapel End School in Walthamstow, he was educated at the Monoux School Walthamstow till 1914 The Leys School, at Christ's College, where he wrote his first novel and was awarded an honours degree in English literature. He started work as a journalist, first for the Manchester Guardian reviewing fiction for the Daily Telegraph, he wrote his two best remembered books, Lost Horizon and Goodbye, Mr. Chips, while living in a house in Oak Hill Gardens, in Woodford Green in North London; the house still stands, with a blue plaque marking Hilton's residence. By 1938 he had moved to California, his work became more connected with the Hollywood film industry. While he was in California Hilton was host of one of radio's prestige drama anthologies, Hallmark Playhouse, from 1948 to 1952.
He married Alice Brown, a secretary at the BBC, just before they left for the United States in 1935, but they divorced in 1937. He married Galina Kopernak, but they divorced eight years later, he became an American citizen in 1948. A heavy smoker, Hilton had various health problems when he made a farewell visit to England in 1954, in December he died at his home in Long Beach, from liver cancer, with his reconciled former wife Alice at his side, his obituary in The Times describes him as "a retiring man for all his success. Hilton's first novel, Catherine Herself, was published in 1920; the next eleven years were difficult for him, it was not until 1931 that he had success with the novel And Now Goodbye. Following this, several of his books were international bestsellers and inspired successful film adaptations, notably Lost Horizon, which won a Hawthornden Prize. After this, he continued to write, but the works were not regarded as of the same quality as his best-known novels. Hilton's books are sometimes characterised as sentimental and idealistic celebrations of English virtues.
This is true of Mr. Chips. Flaws in the English society of his time – narrow-mindedness and class-consciousness – were his targets, his novel We Are Not Alone, despite its inspirational-sounding title, is a grim story of approved lynching brought on by wartime hysteria in Britain. Freud -- an early admirer -- came to conclude. First published in 1933, this novel won Hilton the Hawthornden Prize in 1934. Pocket Books, which pioneered the publication of small, soft-cover, inexpensive books, picked Lost Horizon as its first title in 1939. For that reason, the novel is called the book that began the "paperback revolution." Hilton is said to have been inspired to write Lost Horizon, to invent "Shangri-La" by reading the National Geographic Magazine articles of Joseph Rock, an Austrian-American botanist and ethnologist exploring the southwestern Chinese provinces and Tibetan borderlands. Still living in Britain at the time, Hilton was influenced by the Tibetan travel articles of early travellers in Tibet whose writings were found in the British Library.
Christian Zeeman, the Danish father of the mathematician Christopher Zeeman, has been claimed to be the model for the hero of the story. He disappeared while living in Japan, was reputed to be living incognito in a Zen Buddhist monastery; some say that the isolated valley town of Weaverville, California, in far northern Trinity County, was a source, but this is the result of a misinterpretation of a comment by Hilton in a 1941 interview, in which he said that Weaverville reminded him of Shangri-La. Coincidentally, Junction City now has a Tibetan Buddhist centre with the occasional Tibetan monks in saffron robes; the name "Shangri-La" has become a byword for a mythical utopia, a permanently happy land, isolated from the world. After the Doolittle Raid on Tokyo, when the fact that the bombers had flown from an aircraft carrier remained classified, U. S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt told the press facetiously that they had taken off from Shangri-La; the Navy subsequently gave that name to an aircraft carrier, Roosevelt named his Maryland presidential retreat "Shangri-La".
Zhongdian, a mountain region of Southwest China, has now been renamed Shangri-La, based on its claim to have inspired Hilton's book. W. H Balgarnie, a master at the Leys School and Hilton's father, headmaster of Chapel End School in Walthamstow, were the inspirations for the character of Mr. Chipping in Goodbye, Mr. Chips, a best seller. Hilton first sent the material to The Atlantic and the magazine printed it as a short story in April, 1934, it was proposed to be printed as a book. On 8 June it was published as a book. Four months it appeared as a book in Britain. Hilton, who lived and worked in Hollywood beginning in the mid-1930s, won an Academy Award in 1942 for his work on the screenplay of Mrs. Miniver, based on the novel by Jan Struther, he hosted The Hallmark Playhouse for CBS Radio. One of his novels, Morning Journey, was about the film business; some of Hilton's no