Illinois is a state in the Midwestern and Great Lakes region of the United States. It has the fifth largest gross domestic product, the sixth largest population, the 25th largest land area of all U. S. states. Illinois is noted as a microcosm of the entire United States. With Chicago in northeastern Illinois, small industrial cities and immense agricultural productivity in the north and center of the state, natural resources such as coal and petroleum in the south, Illinois has a diverse economic base, is a major transportation hub. Chicagoland, Chicago's metropolitan area, encompasses over 65% of the state's population; the Port of Chicago connects the state to international ports via two main routes: from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois Waterway to the Illinois River. The Mississippi River, the Ohio River, the Wabash River form parts of the boundaries of Illinois. For decades, Chicago's O'Hare International Airport has been ranked as one of the world's busiest airports.
Illinois has long had a reputation as a bellwether both in social and cultural terms and, through the 1980s, in politics. The capital of Illinois is Springfield, located in the central part of the state. Although today's Illinois' largest population center is in its northeast, the state's European population grew first in the west as the French settled the vast Mississippi of the Illinois Country of New France. Following the American Revolutionary War, American settlers began arriving from Kentucky in the 1780s via the Ohio River, the population grew from south to north. In 1818, Illinois achieved statehood. Following increased commercial activity in the Great Lakes after the construction of the Erie Canal, Chicago was founded in the 1830s on the banks of the Chicago River at one of the few natural harbors on the southern section of Lake Michigan. John Deere's invention of the self-scouring steel plow turned Illinois's rich prairie into some of the world's most productive and valuable farmland, attracting immigrant farmers from Germany and Sweden.
The Illinois and Michigan Canal made transportation between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River valley faster and cheaper, new railroads carried immigrants to new homes in the country's west and shipped commodity crops to the nation's east. The state became a transportation hub for the nation. By 1900, the growth of industrial jobs in the northern cities and coal mining in the central and southern areas attracted immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe. Illinois was an important manufacturing center during both world wars; the Great Migration from the South established a large community of African Americans in the state, including Chicago, who founded the city's famous jazz and blues cultures. Chicago, the center of the Chicago Metropolitan Area, is now recognized as a global alpha-level city. Three U. S. presidents have been elected while living in Illinois: Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, Barack Obama. Additionally, Ronald Reagan, whose political career was based in California, was born and raised in the state.
Today, Illinois honors Lincoln with its official state slogan Land of Lincoln, displayed on its license plates since 1954. The state is the site of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield and the future home of the Barack Obama Presidential Center in Chicago. "Illinois" is the modern spelling for the early French Catholic missionaries and explorers' name for the Illinois Native Americans, a name, spelled in many different ways in the early records. American scholars thought the name "Illinois" meant "man" or "men" in the Miami-Illinois language, with the original iliniwek transformed via French into Illinois; this etymology is not supported by the Illinois language, as the word for "man" is ireniwa, plural of "man" is ireniwaki. The name Illiniwek has been said to mean "tribe of superior men", a false etymology; the name "Illinois" derives from the Miami-Illinois verb irenwe·wa - "he speaks the regular way". This was taken into the Ojibwe language in the Ottawa dialect, modified into ilinwe·.
The French borrowed these forms, changing the /we/ ending to spell it as -ois, a transliteration for its pronunciation in French of that time. The current spelling form, began to appear in the early 1670s, when French colonists had settled in the western area; the Illinois's name for themselves, as attested in all three of the French missionary-period dictionaries of Illinois, was Inoka, of unknown meaning and unrelated to the other terms. American Indians of successive cultures lived along the waterways of the Illinois area for thousands of years before the arrival of Europeans; the Koster Site demonstrates 7,000 years of continuous habitation. Cahokia, the largest regional chiefdom and urban center of the Pre-Columbian Mississippian culture, was located near present-day Collinsville, Illinois, they built an urban complex of more than 100 platform and burial mounds, a 50-acre plaza larger than 35 football fields, a woodhenge of sacred cedar, all in a planned design expressing the culture's cosmology.
Monks Mound, the center of the site, is the largest Pre-Columbian structure north of the Valley of Mexico. It is 100 feet high, 951 feet long, 836 feet wide, covers 13.8 acres. It contains about 814,000 cubic yards of earth, it was topped by a structure thought to have measured about 105 feet in length and 48 feet in width, covered an area 5,000 square feet, been as much as 50 feet high, making its peak 150 feet above the level of the pl
Best Seller is a 1987 American crime thriller film written by Larry Cohen, directed by John Flynn and starring James Woods and Brian Dennehy. The film tells the story of Cleve, a career hitman, who wants to turn his life story into a book written by Dennis Meechum, a veteran police officer and best-selling author; the movie opens in 1972 as a group of gunmen wearing Richard Nixon Halloween masks steal evidence from a police evidence storage unit, killing several officers in the process. Officer Dennis Meechum is wounded after stabbing one of the robbers, he publishes a book titled Inside Job based on his experience. Years Meechum, who by now has become an acclaimed author and a much decorated detective, is working on his next novel, he now suffers from writer's block, is a widowed father raising his daughter, Holly. On a case at the docks, a suspect runs. A man named; the suspect hides in an overhead crane and attempts to shoot Meechum, but Cleve kills the man mysteriously disappears. Cleve arranges a meeting with Meechum, tries to convince him to write a book about his history as a paid assassin for a corporate empire, Kappa International.
Cleve intimidates Kappa's founder, David Madlock about Meechum's next book, promises Meechum to show evidence to back up his claims. They proceed to take trips to New York and Texas where Cleve tries to convince Meechum of his history of hits. While they are in Texas, it is revealed that Cleve was the injured masked gunman that Meechum had stabbed years earlier. Madlock, through his legal representatives, fails; when an enforcer tries to steal a manuscript of Meechum's novel and attempts to kill Holly, Cleve intervenes by killing him. Cleve attempts to keep Holly safe by sending her to Roberta Gillian. Madlock, manages to kidnap Holly. Meechum decides to have a meeting with Madlock at the latter's oceanfront estate. Cleve storms into the house, guns down all of Madlock's bodyguards. Cleve sacrifices his own life to save Holly from Madlock. Meechum arrests Madlock, before comforting a dying Cleve. Cleve reminds Meechum about the book and says "Remember I'm the hero". At the end of the film, it is revealed that Meechum has published the book titled Retribution: The Fall of David Madlock and Kappa International and it has had 28 weeks on the bestseller list.
James Woods as Cleve Brian Dennehy as Dennis Meechum Victoria Tennant as Roberta Gillian Allison Balson as Holly Meechum Paul Shenar as David Madlock George Coe as Graham Anne Pitoniak as Mrs. Foster Mary Carver as Cleve's Mother Sully Boyar as Monks Kathleen Lloyd as Annie Charles Tyner as Cleve's Father Jay Ingram as Turner Jeffrey Josephson as Pearlman Edward Blackoff as Thorn J. P. Bumstead as Rothman Daniel Trent as Jarvis William Bronder as Foley Larry Cohen wrote the original script, he was inspired by the film Strangers on a Train and wrote it with Burt Lancaster and Kirk Douglas in mind for the lead roles. The project was in development at a number of studios for years. John Flynn says he rewrote the script, called Hard Cover. Cohen was happy with the casting of Woods, he said, "The picture itself turned out to be pretty good with one glaring exception: the ending. Everything was going along great but in the last five minutes, they fucked up the whole movie; that is what I mean when I say it was only successful."Cohen's problem was that the climax had Dennehy's daughter running towards the killer instead of away from him.
He says he was ignored. Cohen says the film " didn’t do that well" financially "even though— as I keep saying— it was a good picture all the way up to the climax. I don’t want to go on about it, but they killed the movie with that conclusion and it’s amazing how you can do that. If they had made that one little cut I suggested, maybe the word of mouth would have been a little better and Best Seller could have made some money."Roger Ebert gave the film 1 star out of 4 stars. Doyle, Larry Cohen: The Stuff of Gods and Monsters Bear Manor Media, 2015 Best Seller on IMDb Best Seller at AllMovie Best Seller at Rotten Tomatoes Best Seller at Box Office Mojo
Renegade (TV series)
Renegade is an American television series that ran for 110 episodes spanning five seasons, first broadcast between September 19, 1992, April 4, 1997. The series was created by Stephen J. Cannell. Executive producers included Cannell, Stu Segall, Bill Nuss, Richard C. Okie; the series stars Lorenzo Lamas as Reno Raines, a police officer, framed for a murder he did not commit. Raines goes on the run and joins forces with Native American bounty hunter Bobby Sixkiller, played by Branscombe Richmond. Stephen J. Cannell had a recurring role as the main villain, crooked police officer Donald'Dutch' Dixon; the show had the following voiceover before every episode, provided by Don LaFontaine, summarizing the plot of the series: He was a cop, good at his job, but he committed the ultimate sin—and testified against other cops gone bad. Cops that tried to kill him, but got the woman he loved instead. Framed for murder, now he prowls the badlands...an outlaw hunting outlaws...a bounty hunter...a RENEGADE. The "Renegade" theme that followed was composed by Mike Post.
Renegade is the story of San Diego police officer Reno Raines. Reno Raines, an ex-Army Ranger, was called to Bay City, California, by his good friend District Attorney Harry Wells. Harry hired Reno to work under cover. In a meeting with Harry Wells and Bay City Police Lieutenant Donald'Dutch' Dixon, Reno explains he has enough evidence to press charges of murder and robbery against Dixon's partner Buzzy Burrell. Not wanting to be implicated in any crimes and Dixon break convicted murderer Hogg Adams from prison to kill Raines; that night, Hogg busts into Reno's hotel room, aiming for Reno, but shooting his fiancé, Valerie Prentiss, instead. Hogg flees Burrell is seen rushing in to make sure Reno is dead. Dixon kills Burrell with Reno's weapon. Framed for the murder of Officer Burrell, Reno Raines goes on the run. Dixon sends professional bounty hunter Bobby Sixkiller, a former Marine, after him, but Reno instead saves his life and gains his trust. Bobby realizes. Reno works as a bounty hunter alongside Sixkiller and his sister Cheyenne, while searching for Hogg's brother Hound Adams, the one person who can clear his name and bring down Dixon — a witness who, fearing for his own life, will only come forward if Reno kills Dixon, something which he is unwilling to do.
Using the alias "Vince Black", Reno travels the country to look for bounties, whom Bobby turns in for a percentage of the reward money. He helps people at the same time and proves the innocence of those he believes to be innocent. On many occasions, law-enforcement officers learn who Reno is, but never turn him in once they trust and believe him. Dixon becomes a US federal marshal, giving him the ability to chase Reno with federal assistance. In season three, Reno goes after Dutch when he learns an $80,000 reward is out for Dixon's capture and arrest for the murder of another Bay City officer, it all turns out to capture Reno, instead. Reno is put on trial for Buzzy Burrell's murder. Hound Adams agrees to testify for the defense for a large fee that he knows who killed Burrell, but when questioned on the witness stand, he implicates Reno, instead, as Burrell's killer. With no evidence to prove that Dutch bribed Hound to lie on the stand, Reno is found guilty of Burrell's murder and sentenced to be put to death.
Deciding not to wait for his sentence to be carried out, Reno manages to escape from prison with the help of a convict, bribed by Dixon to kill Reno. The convict, chosen by Dixon because he knew he was dying of cancer and had nothing to lose, instead gives the bribe money to his lawyer to hold on to with instructions to send to the police should anything happen to his family; as the series is coming to an end in season five, Dutch kills his own wife Melissa, she dies right in Reno's arms. She was ready to help turn him in, their adult son, Donald Dixon Jr. believes the newspaper articles and goes for Reno. In the final episode, Bobby, Donald Jr. and Dixon's boss Marshal Jack Hendricks go after Dixon successfully. In the process, Dixon shoots and wounds goes on the run; the marshals put out a reward for his capture. The last scene showed Reno and Bobby discussing whether to go for him now or let him see what it is like to be a wanted fugitive, they choose the former, thus ending Reno's predicament while leaving a full conclusion ambiguous.
Lorenzo Lamas as Reno Raines / Vincent Black Branscombe Richmond as Robert "Bobby" Sixkiller Kathleen Kinmont as Cheyenne Phillips Stephen J. Cannell as Donald "Dutch" Dixon Sandra Ferguson as Sandy Caruthers The series was filmed in San Diego and surrounding suburbs. Anchor Bay Entertainment released the first three seasons of Renegade on DVD in Region 1 in 2005–2006. Due to poor sales, no further seasons were released. In 2010, these releases are out of print. On October 14, 2009, it was announced that Mill Creek Entertainment had acquired the rights to several Stephen J. Cannell series, including Renegade, they subsequently re-released the first two seasons as individual boxed sets. On October 12, 2010, Mill Creek released Renegade: The Complete Series on DVD in Region 1; the 20-disc set features all 110 episodes of the series on DVD for the first time. The season-two finale, "Carrick O'Quinn", was a backdoor pilot for a Renegade spin-off series with O'Quinn played
Murder, She Wrote
Murder, She Wrote is an American crime drama television series starring Angela Lansbury as mystery writer and amateur detective Jessica Fletcher. The series aired for 12 seasons with 264 episodes from 1984 to 1996 on the CBS network, it was followed by four TV films. Among the most successful and longest-running television shows in history, it averaged more than 30 million viewers per week in its prime, was a staple of the CBS Sunday night lineup for a decade. In syndication, the series is still successful throughout the world. Lansbury was nominated for ten Golden Globes and 12 Emmy Awards for her work on Murder, She Wrote, she holds the record for the most Golden Globe nominations and wins for Best Actress in a television drama series and the most Emmy nominations for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series for Murder, She Wrote, with those nominations netting her four Golden Globe awards. The series received three nominations in the Outstanding Drama Series category at the Emmys, it was won twice.
After the series finished in 1996, four TV movies were released between 1997 and 2003. In 2009, a point-and-click video game was released for the PC platform, followed in 2012 by a sequel. A spin-off book series continues publication at present. Series producers Peter S. Fischer, Richard Levinson and William Link thought Lansbury would be perfect for the part of Jessica Fletcher but did not think that she would be interested in a television series. Earlier, she had acted in two film adaptations of Agatha Christie's mystery novels: as Salome Otterbourne in Death on the Nile and as Miss Marple in The Mirror Crack'd; when the latter film did poorly—despite an all star cast including Rock Hudson, Elizabeth Taylor, Kim Novak, Tony Curtis—the offer for Lansbury to reprise Miss Marple in three more films never materialized. When she made it known she would be available if the right project came along, the trio of creators sent her the script and immediately, Lansbury felt she could do something with the role of Jessica Fletcher.
With Murder, She Wrote debuting on Sunday, September 30, 1984, the producers were able to parlay their "mystery writer/amateur detective" premise into a 12-year hit for CBS. It made Lansbury, known for her motion picture and Broadway stage work, a household name for millions of television viewers; the title comes from Murder, She Said, the title of a 1961 film adaptation of Agatha Christie's Miss Marple novel 4:50 from Paddington. The show revolves around the day-to-day life of Jessica Fletcher, a childless, retired English teacher who becomes a successful mystery writer. Despite fame and fortune, Jessica remains a resident of Cabot Cove, a small coastal community in Maine, maintains her links with all of her old friends, never letting her success go to her head. Exterior shots of Cabot Cove were filmed in California; the fictional "Cabot Cove" name for the series' coastal town was derived from the name of an actual bay harbor inlet in Kennebunkport, located near the town's center, on the road where motels and lobster shack dives are located.
The show starts with a preview of the episode's events, with Jessica stating: "Tonight on Murder, She Wrote..." Jessica invariably proves more perceptive than the official investigators of a case, who are always willing to arrest the most suspect. By piecing the clues together and asking astute questions, she always manages to trap the real murderer. Murder occurred with such regularity in her vicinity that the term "Cabot Cove syndrome" was coined to describe the constant appearance of dead bodies in remote locations. Indeed, if Cabot Cove existed in real life, it would top the FBI's national crime statistics in numerous categories, with some analysis suggesting that the homicide rate in Cabot Cove exceeds that of the real-life murder capital of the world. Jessica's relationship with law enforcement officials varies from place to place. Both sheriffs of Cabot Cove resign themselves to having her meddle in their cases. However, most detectives and police officers do not want her anywhere near their crime scenes, until her accurate deductions convince them to listen to her.
Some are happy to have her assistance from the start because they are fans of her books. With time, she makes friends in many police departments across the U. S. as well as with a British police officer attached to Scotland Yard. At the start of season eight, more of the stories were set in New York City with Jessica moving into an apartment there part-time in order to teach criminology. In August 1988, Lansbury expressed weariness of her commitment to the series as she was not sure, at 63, that she could continue at the pace now required of her. Thus, She Wrote went into its fifth season that fall with the distinct possibility that it would cease production at the end of it and the series finale would air in May 1989. A solution was worked on, which enabled Lansbury to continue but give her time to rest; this enabled some secondary characters to get significant stories. For the next two seasons, Lansbury reduced her appearances in several episodes, only appearing at the beginning and the end, to introduce stories starring several friends of Jessica, like PI Harry McGraw, reformed thief Dennis Stanton or MI5 agent Michael Hagarty.
The "experiment" ended in 1991. The next year, Lansbury took on a more extensive role in production as she became one of the series' executive producers. By the end of the 1994–95 season, She Wrote's 11th season, Lansbury again was considering retirement due to her advancing age.
Mikey is a 1992 American crime film. The film centers on the character of Mikey, a young boy, adopted by a family after his previous adoptive family dies. Rather than the darling child they expected, Mikey turns out to be a violent psychopath and a budding serial killer. Mikey, a young boy, is setting newspapers on fire in his basement, he blames his younger sister, when his foster mother, reprimands him for it. Grace slaps him, he yells at Beth, asking her why she didn't defend him, he ends up throwing her doll into the pool. When Beth reaches to get it, Mikey jumps up and down on the diving board, causing her to fall into the pool and drown, he goes upstairs to the bathroom, where he overhears Grace taking a bath and telling a friend on the phone that adopting Mikey might have been a mistake. The phone dies, Grace notices Mikey standing in front of the tub. Startled, she chides him for not knocking, he accuses Grace and Harold of not loving him anymore, but she denies that, saying they both love him much.
However, Mikey doesn't believe her. He throws it into the water and she is electrocuted. Mikey pours marbles onto the floor; when his foster father Harold arrives home, he calmly goes to greet him. They talk for a moment until Harold sees his daughter floating lifelessly in the pool, he rushes towards the door, but slips on the marbles Mikey had laid down earlier. After Harold crashes through the door panel, Mikey proceeds to kill him by beating him in the head with a baseball bat, it is revealed that Mikey has been taping the murders in secret. Soon after that, the police have arrived to investigate the murders and they finds Mikey "hiding" in a closet, he tells them a man killed his family. A psychiatrist recommends, his foster mother's sister is put forward as a prospective foster carer, but she does not want anything to do with Mikey. She states that he was adopted, that it was suspected that he was abused by members of his family. Mikey is fostered by Rachel Trenton, who don't know about Mikey's past.
Mikey seems an amiable and loving child, asking, "Are you going to be my new mommy and daddy?" when he first meets the Trentons and exhibiting caring behavior towards his new mother's fish. However, soon Mikey begins to draw pictures of his murders, which his foster parents don't recognize, he begins to self-mutilate his arm with a thumbtack at school. His teacher notices, tells his foster parents, who refuse to believe it. Mikey becomes irate, he yells that she doesn't love him and that she's not his real mother, Neil is not his real father. Another incident occurs shortly after, he says he was bringing her flowers for being such a great mom, sets the flowers down and picks up her curling iron. He tells her he knows that if he threw it in the water, it would electrocute her like an electric chair, she tells him to leave. He does so without complaint. Mikey falls in love with his new best friend, Ben's older sister, Jessie. She, however, is not interested in him as she is dating a young man named David.
One night, after Mikey had slingshot rocks at Jessie's window, David is told to leave. Mikey murders Jessie's cat, but makes it look as if David had accidentally killed her. Depressed and angry, Jessie breaks up with David. However, they get back together. Mikey kicks a stereo into the water. Once again, Mikey films the murder; the next day, Mikey is allowed to stay home from school. He sits, with Jessie telling her not to be sad. Jessie tells him it’s “sick” and Mikey responds, "Now you can just love me." She tells Mikey to leave her alone. Suspecting Mikey killed David, Jessie goes to Rachel and tells her something is wrong with Mikey and that she is in danger. Assuming Jessie is stressed over David, Rachel politely asks her to leave. Mikey's teacher Shawn, a family friend, discovers the connection between Mikey's previous foster mother and David, she informs Mr. Jenkins, who tells her he will go to, he finds a gun in her purse and takes it. Meanwhile, Mikey hears the argument between Jessie. Rachel finds Mikey watching a movie.
He tells her he's watching ‘Mikey's Funniest Home Movies’. She realizes. Mikey stands. Rachel demands that Mikey give it to her and he agrees, he pretends to hand it over before smashing her hand. He begins to beat her with the hammer, she says it's over. He continues to beat and she begs "no more!". She tries to call for help. Mikey smashes through the patio door, he rushes towards Rachel with it. They both are soon discovered by Shawn and Mr. Jenkins. Rachel's throat is slit and Mikey appears to have no pulse. Mr. Jenkins says he will go in and call the police and Shawn says she'll wait; when he goes in, he realizes. He sets his gun on the counter to call the police. Mikey comes in with arrow. Mikey shoots him through the heart with an arrow. Shawn comes in and Mikey starts to sling ma
Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were
Knight Rider (1982 TV series)
Knight Rider is an American television series created and produced by Glen A. Larson; the series was broadcast on NBC from 1982 to 1986. The show stars David Hasselhoff as Michael Knight, a high-tech modern crime fighter assisted by KITT, an advanced artificially intelligent, self-aware and nearly indestructible car; this was the last series Larson devised at Universal Television. Self-made billionaire Wilton Knight rescues police Detective Lieutenant Michael Arthur Long after a near fatal shot to the face, giving him a new identity and a new name: Michael Knight. Wilton selects Michael to be the primary field agent in the pilot program of his public justice organization, the Foundation for Law and Government; the other half of this pilot program is the Knight Industries Two Thousand, a modified, technologically advanced Pontiac Firebird Trans Am with numerous features including an durable shell and frame, controlled by a computer with artificial intelligence. Michael and KITT are brought in during situations where "direct action might provide the only feasible solution".
Heading FLAG is Devon Miles. Dr. Bonnie Barstow is the chief engineer in charge of KITT's care, as well as technical assistant to Devon. David Hasselhoff as Michael Knight, an undercover detective of Los Angeles Police Department who, while on a case in Las Vegas, is shot in the face and nearly killed. Wilton Knight, founder of Knight Industries and creator of FLAG, directs his doctors to save Long's life and reconstruct his face. With his new identity, "Michael Knight", Long is provided with high tech crime-fighting equipment, most notably the car named KITT. Hasselhoff played Garthe Knight, Wilton Knight's estranged son and a criminal mastermind who drives Goliath, a semi tractor trailer Peterbilt 352 Pacemaker truck armed with rockets and protected by KITT's molecular bonded shell after the formula was stolen by Elizabeth Knight, Wilton's widow. William Daniels as the voice of KITT, or Knight Industries Two Thousand, the autonomous, artificially intelligent car, with whom Michael Knight is partnered.
Daniels, who starred on St. Elsewhere, requested not to be credited for his role as KITT's voice. Edward Mulhare as Devon Miles, the leader of FLAG, who appeared in every episode to provide mission details to Knight and KITT, he was the spokesman for FLAG whenever it came under scrutiny. Patricia McPherson as Dr. Bonnie Barstow, KITT's chief technician and romantic tension for Michael; the character was dropped after the first season, but due to strong fan reaction and lobbying by Hasselhoff and Mulhare, she was returned for the third season and remained through the end of the series. Rebecca Holden as April Curtis, chief technician for KITT; the character was written out. The connection between the two was never established in any installments. Peter Parros as Reginald Cornelius III aka RC3, driver of the FLAG mobile unit and occasional sideman for Michael and KITT. Richard Basehart as Wilton Knight, the creator of FLAG, who dies in the pilot episode. Basehart's voice, however, is heard throughout the series, narrating over the outro.
The car used as KITT in the series was a customized 1982 Pontiac Firebird sports model, that cost US$100,000 to build. Nose and other interior of the car were designed by the design consultant Michael Scheffe; the "Knight Rider Theme" was composed by Glen A. Larson; the series DVD bonus material contains an interview about this lead music, where Glen A. Larson says he remembers a theme out of a classical piece from which he took pieces for the "Knight Rider Theme"; the rest of the series music was composed by Stu Phillips for 13 episodes, Don Peake for 75 episodes, Glen A. Larson co-wrote music only for the "K. I. T. T. vs. K. A. R. R." Episode and Morton Stevens who wrote music for the "Deadly Maneuvers" episode in the first season. Peake took over scoring duties at S1E14 in 1983, when Larson moved to Twentieth Century-Fox and Phillips was working there on his projects. Peake insisted as the only and main composer until the end of the series in 1986, exceptionally for the "K. I. T. T. vs. K. A. R. R." Episode in third season, which he composed together with Stu Phillips and Glen A. Larson.
In 2005 FSM released a disc of music from the series, featuring the series theme, ad bumpers and Phillips' scores for "Knight of the Phoenix", "Not a Drop to Drink", "Trust Doesn't Rust", "Forget Me Not" and the composer's final episode "Inside Out", as well as the logo music for Glen Larson Productions. Albums of Don Peake's scores have been issued; the intro throughout most of the episodes began with this narration: Knight Rider, a shadowy flight into the dangerous world of a man who does not exist. Michael Knight, a young loner on a crusade to champion the cause of the innocent, the helpless, the powerless in a world of criminals who operate above the law. During the first season, the outro was Michael and KITT driving though a road in the desert with Wilton Knight's words of "One man can make a difference, Michael." The narration goes on to say: Michael Knight, a lone crusader in a dangerous world. The world of the Knight Rider; the outro of Seasons 2 and 3 was KITT driving away from the sunset toward the camera.
Season 4's outro was the same, except with KITT in Super Pursuit Mode. Knight Rider was first syndicated in the U. S. in the Fall of 1986. Stations were offered either the o