Markazi Province, the medieval Iraq-i Ajam, more recently Arak—is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. The word markazi means central in Persian, in 2014 it was placed in Region 4. Its population is estimated at 1.41 million, the region is considered to be one of the ancient settlements on the Iranian plateau. Numerous remaining ruins testify to the antiquity of this area, in the early centuries Islam, the name of the area was changed to Jibal or Qahestan. By the early 10th century, Khorheh had become a city of Jibal province, followed by Tafresh. In recent times, the expansion of the North-South railroad and the establishing of major industries helped boost development in the area, many figures in Iranian history trace their beginnings to this province. Namely, Mirza Abulqasem Qaem Maqam, Abbas Eqbal Ashtiani, Mirza Taqi Khan Amir Kabir, Qaem Maqam Farahani, Mahmoud Hessabi, Ayatollah Khomeini, Ayatollah Araki, markazi province consists of 11 counties and 18 districts
Image: Amingholamali Saveh Jamee Mos. Dome Iran
The Congregation Mosque of Narāgh. Markazi province is rich in historical and architectural heritage.