Ontario Highway 10
King's Highway 10 referred to as Highway 10 is a provincially maintained highway in the Canadian province of Ontario. The highway connects the northern end of Highway 410 with the city of Owen Sound on the southern shores of Georgian Bay, passing through the towns of Orangeville and Shelburne as well as several smaller villages along the way, it followed the Toronto–Sydenham Road, part of which became Hurontario Street, as well as Prince of Wales Road. The highway was established in 1920 as one of the original provincial highways, it was extended south by 1937 to Highway 2 in Port Credit. That same year, it became the site of the first interchange in Canada at The Middle Road. Since the late 1990s, the southern end has been truncated to its current terminus north of the Brampton–Caledon border. Highway 10 follows a route carved through the virgin forests of Upper Canada in 1848, its route has remained unchanged since that time, the highway still divides many of the towns it serves, with the exception of Orangeville.
It acts as the meridian for the Regional Municipality of Peel. Beginning at its southern end in Caledon, Highway 10, following the Hurontario Street alignment, passes to the west of Valleywood, a suburban community on the fringe of the Greater Toronto Area; the highway presses northwest and rises over the Niagara Escarpment, a World Biosphere Reserve. To the west are the Forks of the Credit, a deep glacial ravine and provincial park regarded for its scenery; the highway enters Caledon Village. Continuing, it reaches Orangeville at Highway 9; the highway passes to the east of Orangeville on a bypass, switching between the Hurontario St. and Prince of Wales Rd. alignments, avoiding the business district. At the north end of the bypass, the highway curves and proceeds directly north towards the village of Primrose at Highway 89. Highway 10 turns west, becoming concurrent with Highway 89 for a short distance, into the town of Shelburne; the concurrency ends in the centre of Shelburne, as Highway 10 splits and turns north and resumes its northwesterly course.
From Shelburne to Owen Sound, the road follows the northernmost part of the former Toronto–Sydenham Road, a colonization road that predates the division of the land in this area. As such, the road follows a diagonal path to the survey grid, it merges with Ontario Highway 6 in Owen Sound before it ends, while Highway 6 goes on to Tobermory. Highway 10 follows the 19th-century stagecoach route known as the Toronto–Sydenham Road, which travelled north from Dundas Street in Cooksville through Brampton and Shelburne to Owen Sound, it was first designated as a provincial highway on February 26, 1920 when the newly formed Department of Highways assumed the road. It was extended south when the provincial government assumed the remaining stretch to Lakeshore Road in Port Credit, on the north shore of Lake Ontario. At that point, the total length of the highway was 166 km; the highway turned west onto Highway 9 and ran concurrently with it through downtown Orangeville along Broadway turned north to follow First Street.
In 1968, the bypass around Orangeville was completed, bypassing a short section of the Hurontario Street alignment, today a dead end providing access to a hotel. In 1998, due to the combination of increasing urbanization and the presence of the parallel Highway 410 through most of the corridor, the provincial government repealed the connecting link agreement for the southernmost 31 km of the highway running through Brampton and Mississauga, effectively under the control of their respective municipal governments. However, the street is still colloquially referred to by the former highway number in these cities. In 2009, Highway 410 was connected to Highway 10 about 500 metres north of Highway 10's southernmost terminus at the border of Brampton; the 500-metre "orphaned" segment is now discontinuous, while still technically part of the highway, is only linked to the rest of the highway via a connecting road, is signed only as "Hurontario Street" rather than with both the street name and highway number.
In 2009, a major project to widen two-lane sections of the southern portions of the highway was completed, the highway is now four lanes wide from Highway 410 north to Camilla. From Shelburne north to Owen Sound, it remains a two-lane highway with several passing lanes in hillier regions. During winter, the northern stretches of the highway that pass through the snowbelt region of Grey County are subject to poor visibility and road closings during windy conditions or winter storms; the following table lists the major junctions along Highway 10, as noted by the Ministry of Transportation of Ontario. Hurontario Street Sources BibliographyShragge, John. From Footpaths to Freeways. Ontario Ministry of Transportation and Communications, Historical Committee. ISBN 0-7743-9388-2
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points. The sport is known to be fast-paced and physical, with teams consisting of six players each: one goaltender, five players who skate up and down the ice trying to take the puck and score a goal against the opposing team. Ice hockey is most popular in Canada and eastern Europe, the Nordic countries and the United States. Ice hockey is the official national winter sport of Canada. In addition, ice hockey is the most popular winter sport in Belarus, the Czech Republic, Latvia, Slovakia and Switzerland. North America's National Hockey League is the highest level for men's ice hockey and the strongest professional ice hockey league in the world; the Kontinental Hockey League is much of Eastern Europe. The International Ice Hockey Federation is the formal governing body for international ice hockey, with the IIHF managing international tournaments and maintaining the IIHF World Ranking.
Worldwide, there are ice hockey federations in 76 countries. In Canada, the United States, Nordic countries, some other European countries the sport is known as hockey. Ice hockey is believed to have evolved from simple stick and ball games played in the 18th and 19th century United Kingdom and elsewhere; these games were brought to North America and several similar winter games using informal rules as they were developed, such as "shinny" and "ice polo". The contemporary sport of ice hockey was developed in Canada, most notably in Montreal, where the first indoor hockey game was played on March 3, 1875; some characteristics of that game, such as the length of the ice rink and the use of a puck, have been retained to this day. Amateur ice hockey leagues began in the 1880s, professional ice hockey originated around 1900; the Stanley Cup, emblematic of ice hockey club supremacy, was first awarded in 1893 to recognize the Canadian amateur champion and became the championship trophy of the NHL. In the early 1900s, the Canadian rules were adopted by the Ligue Internationale de Hockey sur Glace, the precursor of the IIHF and the sport was played for the first time at the Olympics during the 1920 Summer Olympics.
In international competitions, the national teams of six countries predominate: Canada, Czech Republic, Russia and the United States. Of the 69 medals awarded all-time in men's competition at the Olympics, only seven medals were not awarded to one of those countries. In the annual Ice Hockey World Championships, 177 of 201 medals have been awarded to the six nations. Teams outside the "Big Six" have won only five medals in either competition since 1953; the World Cup of Hockey is organized by the National Hockey League and the National Hockey League Players' Association, unlike the annual World Championships and quadrennial Olympic tournament, both run by the International Ice Hockey Federation. World Cup games are played under NHL rules and not those of the IIHF, the tournament occurs prior to the NHL pre-season, allowing for all NHL players to be available, unlike the World Championships, which overlaps with the NHL's Stanley Cup playoffs. Furthermore, all 12 Women's Olympic and 36 IIHF World Women's Championships medals were awarded to one of these six countries.
The Canadian national team or the United States national team have between them won every gold medal of either series. In England, field hockey has been called "hockey" and what was referenced by first appearances in print; the first known mention spelled as "hockey" occurred in the 1773 book Juvenile Sports and Pastimes, to Which Are Prefixed, Memoirs of the Author: Including a New Mode of Infant Education, by Richard Johnson, whose chapter XI was titled "New Improvements on the Game of Hockey". The 1573 Statute of Galway banned a sport called "'hokie'—the hurling of a little ball with sticks or staves". A form of this word was thus being used in the 16th century, though much removed from its current usage; the belief that hockey was mentioned in a 1363 proclamation by King Edward III of England is based on modern translations of the proclamation, in Latin and explicitly forbade the games "Pilam Manualem, Pedivam, & Bacularem: & ad Canibucam & Gallorum Pugnam". The English historian and biographer John Strype did not use the word "hockey" when he translated the proclamation in 1720, instead translating "Canibucam" as "Cambuck".
According to the Austin Hockey Association, the word "puck" derives from the Scottish Gaelic puc or the Irish poc. "... The blow given by a hurler to the ball with his camán or hurley is always called a puck." Stick-and-ball games date back to pre-Christian times. In Europe, these games included the Irish game of hurling, the related Scottish game of shinty and versions of field hockey. IJscolf, a game resembling colf on an ice-covered surface, was popular in the Low Countries between the Middle Ages and the Dutch Golden Age, it was played with a wooden curved bat, a wooden or leather ball and two poles, with t
In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land, not governed by a local municipal corporation. Municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are rare. Unlike many other countries, Australia has only one level of local government beneath state and territorial governments. A local government area contains several towns and entire cities. Thus, aside from sparsely populated areas and a few other special cases all of Australia is part of an LGA. Unincorporated areas are in remote locations, cover vast areas or have small populations. Postal addresses in unincorporated areas, as in other parts of Australia use the suburb or locality names gazetted by the relevant state or territorial government.
Thus, there is any ambiguity regarding addresses in unincorporated areas. The Australian Capital Territory is in some sense an unincorporated area; the territorial government is directly responsible for matters carried out by local government. The far west and north of New South Wales constitutes the Unincorporated Far West Region, sparsely populated and warrants an elected council. A civil servant in the state capital manages such matters; the second unincorporated area of this state is Lord Howe Island. In the Northern Territory, 1.45% of the total area and 4.0% of the population are in unincorporated areas, including Unincorporated Top End Region, areas covered by the Darwin Rates Act—Nhulunbuy, Alyangula on Groote Eylandt in the northern region, Yulara in the southern region. In South Australia, 60% of the area is unincorporated and communities located within can receive municipal services provided by a state agency, the Outback Communities Authority. Victoria has 10 small unincorporated areas, which are either small islands directly administered by the state or ski resorts administered by state-appointed management boards.
Western Australia is exceptional in two respects. Firstly, the only remote area, unincorporated is the Abrolhos Islands, uninhabited and controlled by the WA Department of Fisheries. Secondly, the other unincorporated areas are A-class reserves either in, or close to, the Perth metropolitan area, namely Rottnest Island and Kings Park. In Canada, depending on the province, an unincorporated settlement is one that does not have a municipal council that governs over the settlement, it is but not always, part of a larger municipal government. This can range from small hamlets to large urbanized areas that are similar in size to towns and cities. For example, the urban service areas of Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park, of the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo and Strathcona County would be the fifth and sixth largest cities in Alberta if they were incorporated. In British Columbia, unincorporated settlements lie outside municipal boundaries and are administered directly by regional/county-level governments similar to the American system.
Unincorporated settlements with a population of between 100 and 1,000 residents may have the status of designated place in Canadian census data. In some provinces, large tracts of undeveloped wilderness or rural country are unorganized areas that fall directly under the provincial jurisdiction; some unincorporated settlements in such unorganized areas may have some types of municipal services provided to them by a quasi-governmental agency such as a local services board in Ontario. In New Brunswick where a significant population live in a Local Service District and services may come directly from the province; the entire area of the Czech Republic is divided into municipalities, with the only exception being 4 military areas. These are parts of the regions and do not form self-governing municipalities, but are rather governed by military offices, which are subordinate to the Ministry of Defense. † Brdy Military Area was abandoned by the Army in 2015 and converted into Landscape park, with its area being incorporated either into existing municipalities or municipalities newly established from the existing settlements.
The other four Military Areas were reduced in size in 2015 too. The decisions on whether the settlements join existing municipalities or form new ones are decided in plebiscites. Since Germany has no administrative level comparable to the townships of other countries, the vast majority of the country, close to 99%, is organized in municipalities consisting of multiple settlements which are not considered to be unincorporated; because these settlements lack a council of their own, there is an Ortsvorsteher / Ortsvorsteherin appointed by the municipal council, except in the smallest villages. In 2000, the number of unincorporated areas in Germany, called gemeindefreie Gebiete or singular gemeindefreies Gebiet, was 295 with a total area of 4,890.33 km² and around 1.4% of its territory. However
Greater Metro Junior A Hockey League
The Greater Metro Junior A Hockey League is a Canadian developmental Junior ice hockey league. The GMHL is not affiliated with a member by Hockey Canada; the league has teams in the Greater Toronto Area, Central Ontario, Northeastern Ontario, Quebec. As of October 2014, the league's alumni page lists 380 players from 2006 to 2014 who left the GMHL to play for NCAA colleges, various professional leagues, major junior teams, or represented their country in various IIHF World Championships; the league, founded by Bob Russell and Hockeyworks International Ltd. opened its doors in early 2006, with a unique concept and approach to improving the standard of developing young hockey players within a Junior'A' league format setting. A draft showcase event took place from May 5 until May 7, 2006 with players from Canada, United States, Europe taking up residence at the Hockeyworks' World Hockey Centre near Shelburne, Ontario to take part in the league's first tryout camp; as of September 2006, it became clear that the league would operate its first season with seven teams.
The original seven were the Bradford Rattlers, Deseronto Thunder, King Wild, Nipissing Alouettes, Richmond Hill Rams, South Muskoka Shield, Toronto Canada Moose. The league's first game took place on September 8, 2006 between the King Wild and the Richmond Hill Rams; the final result was a 6-0 victory for the Rams, despite being badly outshot by the Wild. The first goal in the league's history was scored by the Rams' Darren Archibald on the power play during the first period. Rams' goaltender Daniel Jones picked up the historical first victory, as well as the league's first shutout in history. On November 15, 2006, the GMJHL announced its affiliation with the World Hockey Association and creation of the National Junior Hockey Alliance; the affiliation resulted in a national championship between the GMJHL playoff champion and the winner of the WHA Junior West Hockey League after the 2006–07 season. The first regular season of the GMJHL concluded on February 25, 2007 with the Bradford Rattlers leading the way as regular season champs with a record of 37 wins, 1 regulation loss, 4 overtime losses.
In the playoffs, the Rattlers beat the Deseronto Thunder in six games, the King Wild in five games to win the first Russell Cup as playoff champions. In September 2007, the GMJHL started its second season with six new teams, the Douro Dukes, Elliot Lake Bobcats, Espanola Kings, Innisfil Lakers, Tamworth Cyclones, Temiscaming Royals; the Deseronto Thunder ran into financial trouble after their first season and ownership of the team was transferred to the town. The team is now known as the Deseronto Storm. On December 11, 2007, the GMJHL announced a seven-game challenge series versus a Russian team known as the Moscow Selects. In late December and early January, the top seven teams of the GMJHL will compete against the Moscow Selects—a mixture of top Top Junior talent from the City of Moscow; the Selects played seven games, against Bradford, Temiscaming, Elliot Lake, Richmond Hill and South Muskoka, winning each game. In March 2008, the King Wild and Richmond Hill Rams played two games each against the Mexico national ice hockey team.
The Wild won both their games. For the 2008–09 season, the GMJHL adopted much of the National Collegiate Athletic Association's ice hockey rulebook; the GMJHL added the Minden Riverkings and the Oro-Medonte 77's to the mix, the Dukes relocated to become the Brock Bucks. At the same time, the Quebec-based Temiscaming Royals walked away from the league to join the Northern Ontario Junior Hockey League, but were replaced within weeks by the Ville-Marie Dragons. In December 2008 and January 2009, eight teams of the GMHL hosted Kazakhstan's Under-18 Torpedo UST-Kamenogorsk squad. Victorious were the Elliot Lake Bobcats, South Muskoka Shield, King Wild, Bradford Rattlers, Innisfil Lakers, a Nipissing/Ville-Marie combined squad; the only loss for a GMHL team happened to the Toronto Canada Moose. In the summer of 2010, the GMHL expanded in two fashions internationally. First, Canada's only All-Russian team in the Shelburne Red Wings and late in the summer they expanded to the United States through the expansion of the Jamestown Jets.
On September 17, 2010, the GMHL played its first international regulation game, in Jamestown, New York between the Jamestown Jets and Sturgeon Falls Lumberjacks, both expansion teams to the league for the 2010–11 season. Jamestown won the game 4-3. In December 2010, the GMHL named Bob Bernstein commissioner. After serving as commissioner for seven days, Bernstein was relieved of his duties and Ken Girard resumed as full-time commissioner. In mid-January 2011, it was announced that the town of Iron Bridge and its 500-seat outdoor arena would host a regular season game, known as the North Shore Winter Classic, between the Elliot Lake Bobcats and Algoma Avalanche on January 29, 2011; this is the first known regulation outdoor game in Ontario in the modern era. Elliot Lake would win the game 8-2 in front of an estimated 400 fans. At the conclusion of the 2011–12 season, the league lost the Elliot Lake Bobcats to the Northern Ontario Junior Hockey League. Relocation of teams and expansion was busier than in 2014.
The Mattawa Voyageurs moved to Sundridge to make way for an NOJHL team. The Powassan Eagles moved to Parry Sound to make way for an NOJHL team; the league expanded with a total of 15 new teams in the off-season of 2014 and 2015. There was a total of 30 teams, with a total of six teams playing in the same market; the Shelburne Red Wings were sold after the 2013–14 season, were renamed the Shelburne Stars. However, the Stars did not
Wolf Dog is a 1958 Northwestern movie and produced by Sam Newfield and produced by Regal Films. It was known as A Boy and His Dog. Jim Davis In August 1957, Newfield and a camera crew filmed the movie in and around Markdale, near Owen Sound, Canada; the movie co-starred Hollywood actors Jim Davis, Allison Hayes and John Hart along with Canadian actors Austin Willis and Tony Brown. Several locals were offered a chance to be unpaid "extras". Among those were Paul Hutton, Jerry Bartley, Constable Clarence Bowins, David Jackson, Officer Jack Johnston, Ron Wyvill, Don Wyvill. While not an artistic or commercial success, the film is noteworthy in that it was created 40 years before Telefilm Canada and federal government subsidies enabled big-name movies to be filmed in Canadian locales. Markdale residents were delighted to have Hollywood make a film in their town, it was hoped a film set in "The Great North Country" would be a crossover hit in the U. S. and the Commonwealth, both lucrative movie markets.
For reasons unknown, the film disappeared from the public eye for 50 years. One interesting, though unsubstantiated, rumor suggested one of the main actors wanted all traces of the film destroyed; the only known copies of the movie are an incomplete version stored at the National Archives of Canada and a complete version at the U. S. Library of Congress. Copies of the movie can be found at the Markdale Public Library, Canada, donated by the creator of the fan site, Jeff Wilson. He, along with actors from the film, Ron Wyvill and Paul Hutton, appeared in a short documentary made by Rogers Television, Owen Sound. Wilson and Wyvill organized several screenings in the town of Markdale, where the film was shot. There is a link to a radio interview with Ron Wyvill on YouTube which can be found under the channel Toonguy85, belonging to Wilson. All distribution copyrights belong to 20th Century Fox. Wolf Dog on IMDb Wolf Dog at TCMDB Wolf Dog Fansite
Chatsworth is a township in south-western Ontario, Canada, in Grey County, located at the headwaters of the Styx River, the Saugeen River, the Sauble River, the Bighead River, the Spey River, the old Sydenham River. The current township was formed in late year 2000 with the amalgamation of Holland Township, Sullivan Township, the village of Chatsworth; the first white settlers arrived in this area in the early 19th century and a significant amount of settlement was underway in mid-to-late 1800s. The township is led by a municipal government containing a Mayor, a Deputy Mayor and three Council Members; the current government is Bob Pringle as Mayor. The next municipal election is October 2018 as part of the 2018 Ontario Municipal Elections. Canadian suffragette and activist Nellie McClung was born in the town of Chatsworth; the Sullivan Township area has a large Amish population. In addition to the town of Chatsworth itself, the township comprises the communities of Arnott, Desboro, Glascott, Harkaway, Hemstock Mill, Holland Centre, Keward, Lily Oak, Lueck Mill, Massie, Mount Pleasant, Scone, Walters Falls, Williams Lake, Williamsford.
Arnott's first post office opened on January 4, 1868. Arnott's location has not been shown on road maps since 1976 when Highway 10 was surveyed and rerouted. Arnott had a population of 70 in 1864; the hamlet was called "Murray's Corner" but was renamed "Arnott" after a Francis Arnott, given a grant to settle the area. The post office in Berkeley was established in 1853 when the settlement was called "Holland", it was renamed "Berkeley" in 1857. The post office housed the general store which operated under various proprietors until 1974 when it was phased out of operation. Inside the township of Chatsworth sits the village of Chatsworth, Ontario where Highways 6 and 10 meet and continue together to Owen Sound. Chatsworth was settled in 1842. Chatsworth had a weekly newspaper called "Chatsworth News" which ran from 1885 to 1935, it had a competitor called "Chatsworth Banner", weekly and ran from 1896 to 1907. Chatsworth featured a hockey arena which closed on 30 September 2017; the half-century-old Chatsworth Community Centre closed for good on 30 September 2017 Chatsworth Township Mayor Bob Pringle said the costs to deal with the building's structural issues, which were outlined in an April 2017 report by GM BluePlan engineers, to bring the arena up to today's standards are not financially feasible for the township.
He said. "The engineer's report pointed out some deficiencies. And council with staff had to find some costs and come to some hard decisions and recommendations; the decision was made. It is home to the local Chatsworth Rebels; the village of Desboro saw its first building in 1856. It was a log school house; the area was called Brown's Corners. At some point its name was changed to Donnybrook and to Desborough after a village in central England; the first house and store were built in 1866 by George Smith. The Desboro hotel was built in 1869 and was one of the only rural taverns still operating in the township before it closed in 2011; the town hall was built in 1875 and enlarged to a two-storey building in 1950. Desboro is about 13 kilometres west of Williamsford. Desboro features a modern hockey arena, built in 1956 and has since been renovated; the community grounds contains two baseball diamonds. The village of Dornoch was settled by Bartholomew Griffin in 1841 when he encountered a crossroads that appealed to him.
The area was called "Griffin's Corners" after Griffin started the first general store. In the late 1850s the village was served by a stage coach, running between Durham and Chatsworth. Around the turn of the century, the name was changed to Dornoch after the village in northern Scotland; the community centre still serves Dornoch. Dornoch is situated between Williamsford and Durham on Highway 6 and is 33 kilometers south of Owen Sound; the Harkaway post office was established on May 1, 1875. It was closed in 1913 after rural mail delivery started in the area. Harkaway is 10 kilometres east of Holland Centre. In the 1870s, local farmers got together under the leadership of Alfred Williams and got a railway station built. Williams built a general store. With well-travelled roads and a railway station, Holland Centre was well established as a lumber town, it was named'Williamsford' after the prominent resident, but with another village bearing the same name only a few miles away, it was changed to'Holland Centre' because of its location at the centre of Holland Township.
The village is about 10 kilometres southeast of Chatsworth. Holland Centre features a baseball diamond; the diamond is home to the Hawks, men's and ladies' Slow pitch. There is a hardball-like diamond on the other side; the Holland Center Hall is just beside the diamond. Keady saw its first settlers in the 1850s; the original general store was built in the late 1860s and operated for 100 years before being converted into a residence. Keady is well known in the region for its popular farmers market. Lily Oak is a farming community; the post office was closed in 1914 when rural mail deli
Provinces and territories of Canada
The provinces and territories of Canada are the sub-national governments within the geographical areas of Canada under the authority of the Canadian Constitution. In the 1867 Canadian Confederation, three provinces of British North America—New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the Province of Canada —were united to form a federated colony, becoming a sovereign nation in the next century. Over its history, Canada's international borders have changed several times, the country has grown from the original four provinces to the current ten provinces and three territories. Together, the provinces and territories make up the world's second-largest country by area. Several of the provinces were former British colonies, Quebec was a French colony, while others were added as Canada grew; the three territories govern the rest of the area of the former British North America. The major difference between a Canadian province and a territory is that provinces receive their power and authority from the Constitution Act, 1867, whereas territorial governments have powers delegated to them by the Parliament of Canada.
The powers flowing from the Constitution Act are divided between the Government of Canada and the provincial governments to exercise exclusively. A change to the division of powers between the federal government and the provinces requires a constitutional amendment, whereas a similar change affecting the territories can be performed unilaterally by the Parliament of Canada or government. In modern Canadian constitutional theory, the provinces are considered to be sovereign within certain areas based on the divisions of responsibility between the provincial and federal government within the Constitution Act 1867, each province thus has its own representative of the Canadian "Crown", the lieutenant governor; the territories are not sovereign, but instead their authorities and responsibilities come directly from the federal level, as a result, have a commissioner instead of a lieutenant governor. Notes: There are three territories in Canada. Unlike the provinces, the territories of Canada have no inherent sovereignty and have only those powers delegated to them by the federal government.
They include all of mainland Canada north of latitude 60° north and west of Hudson Bay, as well as most islands north of the Canadian mainland. The following table lists the territories in order of precedence. Ontario, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia were the original provinces, formed when several British North American colonies federated on July 1, 1867, into the Dominion of Canada and by stages began accruing the indicia of sovereignty from the United Kingdom. Prior to this and Quebec were united as the Province of Canada. Over the following years, British Columbia, Prince Edward Island were added as provinces; the British Crown had claimed two large areas north-west of the Canadian colony, known as Rupert's Land and the North-Western Territory and assigned them to the Hudson's Bay Company. In 1870, the company relinquished its claims for £300,000, assigning the vast territory to the Government of Canada. Subsequently, the area was re-organized into the province of the Northwest Territories; the Northwest Territories were vast at first, encompassing all of current northern and western Canada, except for the British holdings in the Arctic islands and the Colony of British Columbia.
The British claims to the Arctic islands were transferred to Canada in 1880, adding to the size of the Northwest Territories. The year of 1898 saw the Yukon Territory renamed as Yukon, carved from the parts of the Northwest Territories surrounding the Klondike gold fields. On September 1, 1905, a portion of the Northwest Territories south of the 60th parallel north became the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. In 1912, the boundaries of Quebec and Manitoba were expanded northward: Manitoba's to the 60° parallel, Ontario's to Hudson Bay and Quebec's to encompass the District of Ungava. In 1869, the people of Newfoundland voted to remain a British colony over fears that taxes would increase with Confederation, that the economic policy of the Canadian government would favour mainland industries. In 1907, Newfoundland acquired dominion status. In the middle of the Great Depression in Canada with Newfoundland facing a prolonged period of economic crisis, the legislature turned over political control to the Newfoundland Commission of Government in 1933.
Following Canada's participation in World War II, in a 1948 referendum, a narrow majority of Newfoundland citizens voted to join the Confederation, on March 31, 1949, Newfoundland became Canada's tenth province. In 2001, it was renamed Newfoundland and Labrador. In 1903, the Alaska Panhandle Dispute fixed British Columbia's northwestern boundary; this was one of only two provinces in Canadian history to have its size reduced. The second reduction, in 1927, occurred when a boundary dispute between Canada and the Dominion of Newfoundland saw Labrador increased at Quebec's expense – this land returned to Canada, as part of the province of Newfoundland, in 1949. In 1999, Nunavut was created from the eastern portion of the Northwest Territories. Yukon lies in the western portion of Northern Canada. All t