West Philadelphia, nicknamed West Philly, is a section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Though there is no official definition of its boundaries, it is considered to reach from the western shore of the Schuylkill River, to City Avenue to the northwest, Cobbs Creek to the southwest, the SEPTA Media/Elwyn Line to the south. An alternate definition includes all city land west of the Schuylkill; the eastern side of West Philadelphia is known as University City. The topography of West Philadelphia is composed of rolling hills rising from the Schuylkill River toward Cobbs Creek in the west and toward Belmont Plateau in the northwest; this gradual elevation makes the skyline of Center City visible from many points in West Philadelphia. The Wynnefield neighborhood is a location used by photographers and organizers of civic events. According to the 2010 census, 216,433 people live among the ZIP codes of 19104, 19131, 19139, 19143 and 19151. Non-Hispanic Black or African-American: 164,921 Non-Hispanic White/European: 37,010 Hispanic or Latino: 4,328 American Indian: 4,112 Asian: 3,246 Mixed or Other: 2,813 Starting with the first wave of Irish immigrants in the early 19th century, West Philadelphia was home to large numbers of European immigrants and their descendants.
The area's African American population began growing in the 1880s through the migration of blacks from the southern states. Since the 1980s, gentrification and the Urban Indian relocation movement have brought more racial diversity. Arrivals from East Asia and Latin America Dominicans, Puerto Ricans, Mexicans, have given the area small Hispanic and Asian American populations; the community has a fair number of Afro-Caribbean/Caribbean American residents, from the Jamaica, Haiti and other areas of the West Indies, as well as a growing number of African immigrants. The Woodlands Cemetery, located near the west bank of the Schuylkill River, was the estate of Andrew Hamilton who bought the property in 1735 from descendants of Blockley Township's founder, William Warner, who hailed from Brockley, England. Warner was the first known European west of the Schuylkill. In 1840, the property was transformed into a cemetery with an arboretum of over 1,000 trees, it holds the graves of many famous Philadelphians.
Satterlee Hospital, one of the largest Union Army hospitals of the Civil War, operated from 1862 to 1865. West Philadelphia's population expanded in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, thanks in large part to horsecars streetcars, Schuylkill River bridges that allowed middle-class breadwinners to commute into the Central Business District a few miles to the east. West Philadelphia was among the early streetcar suburbs, a portion of it is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the West Philadelphia Streetcar Suburb Historic District; the western portion of the neighborhood was once home to some of the most expensive real estate in the country. The area has declined in prominence over the last 50 years, thanks in part to increasing crime and the migration of many middle and upper-class residents to suburbs and other sections of the city. West Philadelphia drew national attention in 1978 and 1985 for violent clashes between police and an Afro-centric, back-to-nature group called MOVE.
During the latter confrontation, police firebombed the group's headquarters, killing 11 people and destroying an entire block of Osage Avenue and Pine Street. In recent years, parts of West Philadelphia have undergone "Penntrification," a term that reflects the University of Pennsylvania's role in gentrification of the neighborhood. Many young professionals and families have moved into the area. In 2008, the area around the Please Touch Museum, Philadelphia Zoo, the Mann Music Center was designated the Centennial District: an area to be revitalized by the country's 250th birthday in 2026. Most of the houses in West Philadelphia are row houses, although there are areas of semi-detached and detached houses; the earliest developments began in 1850 and the final period of mass construction ended in 1930. Development was enabled by the creation of the horsecar, which pushed development to about 43rd Street, after the arrival of the electrified streetcar in 1892, accelerated to the west and southwest.
Commissioned by speculative developers and designed by some of the city's most prolific architects, they were purchased by industrial managers and other professionals who led the first movement of upper and middle class from the more crowded city center. Developers found they could increase profits by catering to this emerging group, shrinking lot sizes, building more compact, less ornate houses. Initial development was divided into block lots and sold in 1852 with the condition that "substantial stone or brick buildings" be erected; the houses in this grouping are three-story Italianate buildings, linked by material, decorative detail, form. Located around Chester Avenue, an additional but smaller and less ornate 16 Italianate, semi-detached houses, similar in form to the initial houses; the setback of these houses was 25 feet. Another development on Locust Street, a project by banker and West Philly
United States Declaration of Independence
The United States Declaration of Independence is the statement adopted by the Second Continental Congress meeting at the Pennsylvania State House in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on July 4, 1776. The Declaration announced that the Thirteen Colonies at war with the Kingdom of Great Britain would regard themselves as thirteen independent sovereign states, no longer under British rule. With the Declaration, these new states took a collective first step toward forming the United States of America; the declaration was signed by representatives from New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia. The Lee Resolution for independence was passed on July 2 with no opposing votes; the Committee of Five had drafted the Declaration to be ready. John Adams, a leader in pushing for independence, had persuaded the committee to select Thomas Jefferson to compose the original draft of the document, which Congress edited to produce the final version.
The Declaration was a formal explanation of why Congress had voted to declare independence from Great Britain, more than a year after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War. Adams wrote to his wife Abigail, "The Second Day of July 1776, will be the most memorable Epocha, in the History of America" – although Independence Day is celebrated on July 4, the date that the wording of the Declaration of Independence was approved. After ratifying the text on July 4, Congress issued the Declaration of Independence in several forms, it was published as the printed Dunlap broadside, distributed and read to the public. The source copy used for this printing has been lost and may have been a copy in Thomas Jefferson's hand. Jefferson's original draft is preserved at the Library of Congress, complete with changes made by John Adams and Benjamin Franklin, as well as Jefferson's notes of changes made by Congress; the best-known version of the Declaration is a signed copy, displayed at the National Archives in Washington, D.
C. and, popularly regarded as the official document. This engrossed copy was ordered by Congress on July 19 and signed on August 2; the sources and interpretation of the Declaration have been the subject of much scholarly inquiry. The Declaration justified the independence of the United States by listing 27 colonial grievances against King George III and by asserting certain natural and legal rights, including a right of revolution, its original purpose was to announce independence, references to the text of the Declaration were few in the following years. Abraham Lincoln made it the centerpiece of his policies and his rhetoric, as in the Gettysburg Address of 1863. Since it has become a well-known statement on human rights its second sentence: We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life and the pursuit of Happiness; this has been called "one of the best-known sentences in the English language", containing "the most potent and consequential words in American history".
The passage came to represent a moral standard. This view was notably promoted by Lincoln, who considered the Declaration to be the foundation of his political philosophy and argued that it is a statement of principles through which the United States Constitution should be interpreted; the Declaration of Independence inspired many similar documents in other countries, the first being the 1789 Declaration of United Belgian States issued during the Brabant Revolution in the Austrian Netherlands. It served as the primary model for numerous declarations of independence in Europe and Latin America, as well as Africa and Oceania during the first half of the 19th century. Believe me, dear Sir: there is not in the British empire a man who more cordially loves a union with Great Britain than I do. But, by the God that made me, I will cease to exist before I yield to a connection on such terms as the British Parliament propose. By the time that the Declaration of Independence was adopted in July 1776, the Thirteen Colonies and Great Britain had been at war for more than a year.
Relations had been deteriorating between the colonies and the mother country since 1763. Parliament enacted a series of measures to increase revenue from the colonies, such as the Stamp Act of 1765 and the Townshend Acts of 1767. Parliament believed that these acts were a legitimate means of having the colonies pay their fair share of the costs to keep them in the British Empire. Many colonists, had developed a different conception of the empire; the colonies were not directly represented in Parliament, colonists argued that Parliament had no right to levy taxes upon them. This tax dispute was part of a larger divergence between British and American interpretations of the British Constitution and the extent of Parliament's authority in the colonies; the orthodox British view, dating from the Glorious Revolution of 1688, was that Parliament was the supreme authority throughout the empire, so, by definition, anything that Parliament did was constitutional. In the colonies, the idea had developed that the British Constitution recognized certain fundamental rights that no government could violate, not Parliament.
After the Townshend Acts, some essayists began to question whether Parliament had any legitimate jurisdiction in the colonies at all. Anticipating the arrangement of the British Commonwealth, by 1774 American writers such as
George Washington was an American political leader, military general and Founding Father who served as the first president of the United States from 1789 to 1797. He led Patriot forces to victory in the nation's War of Independence, he presided at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 which established the new federal government, he has been called the "Father of His Country" for his manifold leadership in the formative days of the new nation. Washington received his initial military training and command with the Virginia Regiment during the French and Indian War, he was elected to the Virginia House of Burgesses and was named a delegate to the Continental Congress, where he was appointed Commanding General of the nation's Continental Army. Washington allied with France, in the defeat of the British at Yorktown. Once victory for the United States was in hand in 1783, Washington resigned his commission. Washington played a key role in the adoption and ratification of the Constitution and was elected president by the Electoral College in the first two elections.
He implemented a strong, well-financed national government while remaining impartial in a fierce rivalry between cabinet members Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton. During the French Revolution, he proclaimed a policy of neutrality while sanctioning the Jay Treaty, he set enduring precedents for the office of president, including the title "President of the United States", his Farewell Address is regarded as a pre-eminent statement on republicanism. Washington utilized slave labor and trading African American slaves, but he became troubled with the institution of slavery and freed them in his 1799 will, he was a member of the Anglican Church and the Freemasons, he urged tolerance for all religions in his roles as general and president. Upon his death, he was eulogized as "first in war, first in peace, first in the hearts of his countrymen." He has been memorialized by monuments, geographical locations and currency, many scholars and polls rank him among the top American presidents. Washington's great-grandfather John Washington immigrated in 1656 from Sulgrave, England to the British Colony of Virginia where he accumulated 5,000 acres of land, including Little Hunting Creek on the Potomac River.
George Washington was born February 22, 1732 at Popes Creek in Westmoreland County and was the first of six children of Augustine and Mary Ball Washington. His father was a justice of the peace and a prominent public figure who had three additional children from his first marriage to Jane Butler; the family moved to Little Hunting Creek to Ferry Farm near Fredericksburg, Virginia. When Augustine died in 1743, Washington inherited ten slaves. Washington did not have the formal education that his older brothers received at Appleby Grammar School in England, but he did learn mathematics and surveying, he was talented in draftsmanship and map-making. By early adulthood, he was writing with "considerable force" and "precision."Washington visited Mount Vernon and Belvoir, the plantation that belonged to Lawrence's father-in-law William Fairfax, which fueled ambition for the lifestyle of the planter aristocracy. Fairfax became Washington's patron and surrogate father, Washington spent a month in 1748 with a team surveying Fairfax's Shenandoah Valley property.
He received a surveyor's license the following year from the College of Mary. He resigned from the job in 1750 and had bought 1,500 acres in the Valley, he owned 2,315 acres by 1752. In 1751, Washington made his only trip abroad when he accompanied Lawrence to Barbados, hoping that the climate would cure his brother's tuberculosis. Washington contracted smallpox during that trip, which immunized him but left his face scarred. Lawrence died in 1752, Washington leased Mount Vernon from his widow. Lawrence's service as adjutant general of the Virginia militia inspired Washington to seek a commission, Virginia's Lieutenant Governor Robert Dinwiddie appointed him as a major in December 1752 and as commander of one of the four militia districts; the British and French were competing for control of the Ohio Valley at the time, the British building forts along the Ohio River and the French doing between Lake Erie and the Ohio River. In October 1753, Dinwiddie appointed Washington as a special envoy to demand that the French vacate territory which the British had claimed.
Dinwiddie appointed him to make peace with the Iroquois Confederacy and to gather intelligence about the French forces. Washington met with Half-King Tanacharison and other Iroquois chiefs at Logstown to secure their promise of support against the French, his party reached the Ohio River in November, they were intercepted by a French patrol and escorted to Fort Le Boeuf where Washington was received in a friendly manner. He delivered the British demand to vacate to French commander Saint-Pierre, but the French refused to leave. Saint-Pierre gave Washington his official answer in a sealed envelope after a few days' delay, he gave Washington's party food and extra winter clothing for the trip back to Virginia. Washington completed the precarious mission in 77 days in difficult winter conditions and achieved a measure of distinction when his report was published in Virginia and London. In February 1754, Dinwiddie promoted Washington to lieutenant colonel and second-in-command of the 300-strong Virginia R
Philadelphia City Hall
Philadelphia City Hall is the seat of government for the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The building was constructed from 1871 to 1901 in the middle of Center City. John McArthur Jr. and Thomas Ustick Walter designed the building in the Second Empire style. City Hall is a masonry building whose weight is borne by brick walls up to 22 ft thick; the principal exterior materials are limestone and marble. The final construction cost was $24 million. At 548 ft, including the statue of city founder William Penn atop its tower, City Hall was the tallest habitable building in the world from 1894 to 1908, it remained the tallest in Pennsylvania until it was surpassed in 1932 by the Gulf Tower in Pittsburgh. It was the tallest in Philadelphia until 1986 when the construction of One Liberty Place surpassed it, ending the informal gentlemen's agreement that had limited the height of buildings in the city to no higher than the Penn statue. In 1976, City Hall was designated a National Historic Landmark.
The building was designed by Scottish-born architect John McArthur Jr. and Thomas Ustick Walter in the Second Empire style, was constructed from 1871 to 1901 at a cost of $24 million. City Hall's tower was completed by 1894, although the interior wasn't finished until 1901. Designed to be the world's tallest building, it was surpassed during construction by the Washington Monument and the Eiffel Tower. Upon completion of its tower in 1894, it became the world's tallest habitable building, it was the first secular building to have this distinction, as all previous world's tallest buildings were religious structures, including European cathedrals and—for the previous 3,800 years—the Great Pyramid of Giza. With 700 rooms, City Hall is the largest municipal building in the United States and one of the largest in the world; the building houses three branches of government: the city's executive branch, its legislature, a substantial portion of the judicial activity in the city. The tower features a clock face on each side, 26 ft in diameter.
The clock faces are larger in diameter than those on Big Ben which measure 23 ft. City Hall's clock was designed by Warren Johnson and built in 1898. City Hall's observation deck is located directly below the base of the statue, about 500 ft above street level. Once enclosed with chain-link fencing, the observation deck is now enclosed by glass, it is reached in a 6-person elevator whose glass panels allow visitors to see the interior of the iron superstructure that caps the tower and supports the statuary and clocks. Stairs within the tower are only used for emergency exit; the ornamentation of the tower has been simplified. In the 1950s, the city council investigated tearing down City Hall for a new building elsewhere, they found that the demolition would have bankrupted the city due to the building's masonry construction. Beginning in 1992, Philadelphia City Hall underwent a comprehensive exterior restoration and supervised by the Historical Preservation Studio of Vitetta Architects & Engineers, headed by renowned historical preservation architect Hyman Myers.
The majority of the restoration was completed by 2007, although some work has continued, including the installation of four new ornamental courtyard gates, based on an original architectural sketch, in December 2015. City Hall became a National Historic Landmark in 1976. In 2006, it was named a National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark by the American Society of Civil Engineers; the building is topped by a 37 ft bronze statue weighing 53,348 lb of city founder William Penn, one of 250 sculptures created by Alexander Milne Calder that adorn the building inside and out. The statue was cast at the Tacony Iron Works of Northeast Philadelphia and hoisted to the top of the tower in fourteen sections in 1894; the statue is the tallest atop any building in the world. Despite its lofty perch, the city has mandated that the statue be cleaned about every ten years to remove corrosion and reduce deterioration due to weathering, with the latest cleaning done in May 2017. Penn's statue is hollow, a narrow access tunnel through it leads to a 22-inch-diameter hatch atop the hat.
Calder wished the statue to face south so that its face would be lit by the sun most of the day, the better to reveal the details of his work. The statue faces northeast, towards Penn Treaty Park in the Fishtown section of the city, which commemorates the site where Penn signed a treaty with the local Native American tribe. Pennsbury Manor, Penn's country home in Bucks County, is located to the northeast. By the terms of a gentlemen's agreement that forbade any structure from rising above the hat on the Penn statue, Philadelphia City Hall remained the tallest building in the city until it was surpassed by One Liberty Place in 1986; the abrogation of this agreement brought a curse onto local professional sports teams. Twice during the 1990s, the statue was clothed in a major league sports team's uniform when they were in contention for a championship: a Phillies cap in 1993 and a Flyers jersey in 1997—both teams lost; the supposed curse ended 22 years when the Phillies won the 2008 World Series, a year and four months after a Penn statuette had been affixed to the final beam of the Comcast Center during its topping out ceremony in June 2007.
Another Penn statuette was placed on the topmost beam of the Comcast
University City, Philadelphia
University City is a contested name for the easternmost region of West Philadelphia and signifies a neighborhood of Philadelphia encompassing several universities. It is the easternmost part of West Philadelphia, situated directly across the Schuylkill River from Center City; the University of Pennsylvania was instrumental in coining the name "University City" as part of a 1950s urban-renewal and gentrification effort. Today, Drexel University and the University of the Sciences call University City home; the eastern side of University City is home to the Penn and Drexel campuses, several medical institutions, independent centers of scientific research, 30th Street Station, Cira Centre, Cira Centre South. The western side contains Victorian and early 20th-century housing stock and is residential; the University City neighborhood consists of 25,783 females. The area population has grown 2.6% from 2000 to 2014 and 0.7% from 2010 to 2014. There are 11,555 blue collar workers; the area is ethnically and economically diverse, although the compositions of its 12 census tracts vary widely.
Before the European colonization of the Americas, this area, along with much of the Atlantic's coast from western Connecticut to Delaware, was part of the home of the Lenape people, known as Lenapehoking. University City, like Philadelphia, thus signify what colonizers and their descendants have renamed the area. In 1677, William Warner purchased 1,500 acres from the local Indian tribe and named it Blockley after his native parish in England. Blockley Township had a poor reputation in the 19th century. "It was an ideal hideout for shadowy characters and evil-doers who crossed the river in skiffs after a thieving or smuggling job south of the city. As late as 1850 it was considered hazardous to be abroad alone in this area." The Blockley Almshouse known as Philadelphia General Hospital, was there. Though Blockley was founded five years before Philadelphia, people soon referred to it as "West Philadelphia". Parts of Blockley were carved out to form the District of West Philadelphia. In 1735, Andrew Hamilton, a "Philadelphia Lawyer", purchased 300 acres in Blockley Township.
The area came to be known as Hamilton Village and The Woodlands, a sprawling botanical garden and mansion, was built there. The gardens is now the Woodlands Cemetery, while much of the rest of Hamilton Village is covered by the 40th Street retail corridor. A small section on the northern side of this area was once known as Greenville. Situated near Lancaster Ave. Powelton Ave. and Market St. Greenville served as a waypoint for travelers and cattle drivers, many taverns and inns were established; the area expanded in all directions with many German immigrants and offered much more than simple taverns. By the mid-20th century, the Greenville area had changed again, to a neighborhood, colloquially referred to as the Black Bottom, signifying the neighborhood's racial and economic status. Much of this neighborhood was destroyed as part of a gentrification plan in the 1960s; the arrival of electrified streetcars in the 1890s kick-started development to the west of 43rd Street, bridges and a tunnel in the first decade of the 20th century allowed people to commute into Center City.
This led to rapid development within the borders of University City and far beyond. It was around this time that the "local" neighborhood names like Spruce Hill and Cedar Park were established. In the mid-1950s, two realtors and Penn graduates coined the name "University City" in an attempt to attract Penn faculty back to the neighborhoods near Penn; the boundaries were defined as extending from the "Schuylkill River to 52nd Street, from Haverford Avenue to the Media-line railroad tracks south of Kingsessing Avenue — though over the years many have viewed it as a smaller domain". This has led to some community tension. University City's boundaries, as defined by the non-profit University City District organization and the City of Philadelphia, are the Schuylkill River to the east. Within these boundaries are the local neighborhoods of Cedar Park, Garden Court, Spruce Hill, Squirrel Hill, Powelton Village, Walnut Hill, Woodland Terrace; the boundaries encompass several historic districts, including the West Philadelphia Streetcar Suburb Historic District, the ZIP codes 19104, 19139, 19143.
University City has a history of strained town and gown relations with the University of Pennsylvania, the city's largest private employer and the second-largest private employer in Pennsylvania. During the 1960s, Penn led a series of gentrification and redevelopment programs that have changed the character of the area; some locals call this "Penntrification", suggesting that the efforts benefit only those with a relationship to Penn. Some, including local anarchists, believe. Since Penn's massive investment in community relations over the last 25 years it is now considered a model by institutions worldwide, on how a university can better relate to its surrounding residents and contribute to quality of life and economic development.. Opened in 2001, the Penn Alexander is neighborhood public elementary school which Penn helped to build and subsidizes, it is open to students inside a "catchment" defined by the School District of Philadelph
U.S. Route 13
U. S. Route 13 is a north–south U. S. highway established in 1926 that runs for 517 miles from Interstate 95 just north of Fayetteville, North Carolina to the northeastern suburbs of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in Morrisville. In all, it traverses five states in the Atlantic coastal plain region, it follows the Atlantic coast more than does the main north–south U. S. highway of the region, U. S. Route 1, its routing is rural, the notable exceptions being the Hampton Roads area and the northern end of the highway in Delaware and Pennsylvania. It is notable for being the main thoroughfare for the Delmarva Peninsula and carrying the Chesapeake Bay Bridge–Tunnel to it in Virginia. US 13's original plan in 1926 had the route serve no further south than the Delmarva Peninsula. However, it has been extended many times, connecting to the mainland via ferry service and reaching North Carolina; this link across the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay became fixed in 1964 with a bridge-tunnel. The entire route on the Delmarva Peninsula save a few sections in Accomack County, Virginia have been dualized with four lanes, further upgrades continue, such as a freeway section around the east side of Salisbury, Maryland.
US 13 runs southwest to northeast through the eastern part of North Carolina. It begins at Interstate 95 near Fayetteville as a continuation of the Fayetteville Outer Loop and heads northeast, intersecting U. S. Route 421 in Spivey's Corner and Interstate 40 and U. S. Route 701 in Newton Grove, it passes through the city of Goldsboro, where it intersects U. S. Route 70 and U. S. Route 117. US 13 continues northeast and shares a brief concurrency with U. S. Route 264 before passing through the city of Greenville. US 13 heads north from Greenville, following the limited-access U. S. Route 64 east between Bethel and Williamston and U. S. Route 17 north between Williamston and Windsor. US 13 heads north from Windsor towards the Virginia border and crosses U. S Route 158 in Gates. US 13 continues north, expanding to four lanes near Suffolk and diverges onto the Suffolk Bypass where it joins U. S. Route 58 and U. S Route 460. Here, one of the many business routes of US 13 passes straight through the city as the bypass passes the city to the west.
It continues through the Hampton Roads area on the Military Highway and continues north to the Chesapeake Bay Bridge–Tunnel, which the route uses to continue across the Chesapeake Bay to the Eastern Shore of Virginia. Here, US 13 is the main north–south route of the region, connects to most cities and towns with four more business routes forming loops off the highway. North of New Church, US 13 crosses the state border into Maryland. US 13 passes through the lower Eastern Shore region of Maryland, it runs through Pocomoke City in Worcester County, where it meets the southern terminus of U. S. Route 113, it continues north into Somerset County. It enters Wicomico County, where it bypasses the city of Salisbury and the town of Fruitland to the east on the limited-access Salisbury Bypass with the former alignment signed as U. S. Route 13 Business. On the northeastern part of the bypass, US 13 is concurrent with U. S. Route 50. North of Salisbury, US 13 continues to the state line town of Delmar. US 13 runs through the entire north–south length of Delaware.
It enters the state in Delmar and runs through western Sussex County, intersecting U. S. Route 9 in Laurel and passing through the city of Seaford, it heads north towards the state capital of Dover. US 13 forms the commercial district of the city of Dover. Between Dover and Wilmington in New Castle County, US 13 is paralleled by Delaware Route 1, it crosses the Delaware Canal on the St. Georges Bridge. US 13 continues towards Wilmington, sharing a concurrency with U. S. Route 40 in the New Castle area, it bypasses the heart of Wilmington to the east, with U. S. Route 13 Business passing through the downtown area. US 13 parallels Interstate 495 between the Pennsylvania border. Upon entering the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania from Delaware, US 13 runs along the banks of the Delaware River parallel to Interstate 95 through Delaware County, it runs a southwest to northeast path through the city of Philadelphia. It traverses West Philadelphia on many one-way pairs and passes by the Philadelphia Zoo. US 13 runs through North Philadelphia and Northeast Philadelphia by following Hunting Park Avenue, the Roosevelt Boulevard, Frankford Avenue, where it crosses the oldest bridge in the United States.
US 13 enters Bucks County, again following I-95 and the Delaware River. It ends after an interchange with US 1 in Falls Township, just west of Morrisville; the original 1925 U. S. highway plan, which never came to fruition, had provision for a U. S. Route 13 in North Carolina, it would have started in Wilmington and run at least as far north as Elizabeth City, following what would become US 17. Although US 13 was signed in most northern states by the late 1920s, it would not reach North Carolina until the early 1950s; the route was proposed as one of the first four-laned highways in the United States of America to Pierre S. du Pont by John J. Raskob so as to run from Wilmington, Delaware to the State Capital, Dover. Du Pont wanted a two-laned highway—which were standard at the time, but Raskob suggested, with the growth and development of Northern Delaware, there will be a future need for a four-laned one. Du Pont agreed and, sought to name the route after him. However, Raskob declined. Du Pont checked with the U.
S. registry of highways to see if any routes were named "13" and so named "Route 13" after the number of children J