The Achievement Medal is a military decoration of the United States Armed Forces. The Achievement Medal was first proposed as a means to recognize the contributions of junior officers and enlisted personnel who were not eligible to receive the higher Commendation Medal or the Meritorious Service Medal; each military service issues its own version of the Achievement Medal, with a fifth version authorized by the U. S. Department of Defense for joint military activity; the Achievement Medal is awarded for outstanding achievement or meritorious service not of a nature that would otherwise warrant awarding the Commendation Medal. Award authority rests with local commanders, granting a broad discretion of when and for what action the Achievement Medal may be awarded; the Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal, is the United States Navy and U. S. Marine Corps' version of the Achievement Medal; the U. S. Navy was the first branch of the U. S. Armed Forces to award such a medal, doing so in 1961, when it was dubbed the “Secretary of the Navy Commendation for Achievement Medal”.
This title was shortened in 1967 to the "Navy Achievement Medal". On 19 August 1994, to recognize those of the United States Marine Corps who had received the Navy Achievement Medal, the name of the decoration was changed to the "Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal"; the award is referred to in shorthand speech as a "NAM". From its inception in the early 1960s to 2002, the Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal could not be approved by the commanding officers of ships, aviation squadron, or shore activities who held the rank of Commander. Awards for crewmembers had to be submitted to the Commodore or Air Wing Commander or the first appropriate O-6 in the chain of command for approval, who signed the award and returned it; this led to a lower awarding rate when compared to similar size units in the Army or Air Force awarding their own achievement medals considering that those services did not establish their respective achievement medals until the 1980s. Since 2002 the commanding officers of aviation squadrons and ships have had the authority to award NAMs without submission to higher authority.
For the Army, battalion commanders (or the first O-5 in a soldier's chain of command for the Army Achievement Medal. The United States Coast Guard created its own Achievement Medal in 1967. S. Army and U. S. Air Force issued their own versions of the award with the Army Achievement Medal in 1981 and Air Force Achievement Medal in 1980. Effective 11 September 2001, the Army Achievement Medal may be awarded in a combat area. Since this change over sixty thousand Army Achievement Medals have been awarded in theaters of operations such as Iraq and Afghanistan; the Joint Service Achievement Medal was created in 1983. This award was considered a Department of Defense decoration senior to the service department Achievement Medals; the following devices may be authorized to be worn on the following achievement medals suspension ribbon and service ribbon: All Achievement Medals, "C" device, which signifies meritorious performance "under combat conditions", after January 2016 Army Achievement Medal, for additional awards - oak leaf clusters Air Force Achievement Medal, for additional awards - oak leaf clusters Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal, for additional awards - 5/16 inch stars Coast Guard Achievement Medal, for additional awards - 5/16 inch stars Joint Service Achievement Medal, for additional awards - oak leaf clusters Coast Guard Achievement Medal - Operational Distinguishing Device Coast Guard Achievement Medal - Combat Distinguishing Device The following ribbon devices were authorized in the past but have now been discontinued: Air Force Achievement Medal - "V" Device, until December 2016 Army Achievement Medal - "V" Device, until December 2016 Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal - Combat Distinguishing Device, until December 2016 Awards and decorations of the United States government Awards and decorations of the United States military Awards and decorations of the United States Coast Guard Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal Citation Examples HRC Joint Awards FAQ
Civilian Marksmanship Program
The Civilian Marksmanship Program is a U. S. government-chartered program that promotes firearm safety training and rifle practice for all qualified U. S. citizens with special emphasis on youth. Participation in the Program is not mandatory or compulsory, but any U. S. citizen, not prohibited from owning a firearm may purchase a military surplus rifle from the CMP, provided they are a member of a CMP affiliated club. The CMP operates, not as a government entity, but through a network of affiliated private organizations, shooting clubs, state associations that cover every state in the U. S; the organizations and associations offer firearms safety training and marksmanship courses as well as the opportunity for continued practice and competition. The Office of the Director of Civilian Marksmanship was created by the U. S. Congress as part of the 1903 War Department Appropriations Act; the original purpose was to provide civilians an opportunity to learn and practice marksmanship skills so they would be skilled marksmen if called on to serve in the U.
S. military. Formation was precipitated by adoption of the M1903 Springfield rifle as the national service arm. Civilians experienced with popular contemporary lever-action rifles were unable to sustain an equivalent rate of fire from the unfamiliar bolt action M1903 rifle. Over the years the emphasis of the program shifted to focus on youth development through marksmanship. From 1916 until 1996 the CMP was administered by the U. S. Army. Title XVI of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1996 created the Corporation for the Promotion of Rifle Practice & Firearms Safety to take over administration and promotion of the CMP; the CPRPFS is a tax-exempt non-profit 501 corporation chartered by the U. S. Congress, but is not an agency of the U. S. government. Apart from a donation of surplus.22 and.30 caliber rifles in the Army's inventory to the CMP, the CMP receives no federal funding. The National Board for the Promotion of Rifle Practice, an advisory board to the Secretary of the Army, created in 1903, was disestablished by this law and replaced by the CPRPFS.
The initial board was appointed by the SA and is responsible to develop all policies and procedures for the implementation of all aspects of the CMP. The CMP maintains three main offices: CMP North at Camp Perry near Port Clinton, Ohio, CMP South in Anniston and the CMP Talladega Marksmanship Park in Talladega, Alabama; the sale of surplus U. S. army rifles in particular has been quite popular, with the CMP offering M1 Garand, M1903 Springfield, M1917 Enfield, M1 Carbine.22 caliber, air rifles for sale to members of affiliated organizations. Ammunition and other accessories are sold through the CMP's online store; the programs facilitated by the CMP foster the teaching of safety, responsibility and competitive excellence in the shooting sports. The CMP supports and hosts various rifle and pistol competitions across the nation including the National Matches at Camp Perry, U. S. Olympics Trials, NCAA Rifle Championships, as well as a variety of national junior championships. Further, the CMP runs camps and clinics throughout the year, most notably, the Junior 3-Position Air Rifle Camps.
In July 2003, the CMP launched Competition Tracker, the first online results system for the shooting sports. Designed for the National Trophy matches, the CMP now uses Competition Tracker as the official results bulletin of every CMP competition. In March 2006, during the JROTC National Championships, the CMP used Competition Tracker, in conjunction with Sius Ascor electronic targets, to provide real time results on the web. On average, it was 45 seconds from the time a shooter fired a shot to when his or her shot value was seen on the Internet; the CMP continues to be innovative today, they are researching Visual Image Scoring technology that will allow competitors to score traditional paper targets electronically. The U. S. armed forces are authorized to wear marksmanship competition badges, in accordance with each service's regulations. These badges are awarded based on points earned at CMP sponsored competitions or high placement at special CMP competitions; the following is a list of marksmanship competition badges authorized for wear on U.
S. military service uniforms based on points earned at CMP competitions: U. S. Distinguished International Shooter Badge Distinguished Rifleman Badge Distinguished Marksman Badge Distinguished Pistol Shot Badge President's Hundred Tab/Brassard Army Excellence In Rifle Competition Badge Army Excellence In Pistol Competition Badge Air Force Excellence In Rifle Competition Badge Air Force Excellence In Pistol Competition Badge Navy Excellence-in-Competition Rifle Badge National, Navy, & Fleet Navy Excellence-in-Competition Pistol Badge National, Navy, & Fleet Marine Corps Rifle Competition Badge National, Marine Corps, & Division Marine Corps Pistol Competition Badge National, Marine Corps, & Division Coast Guard Rifleman Excellence-in-Competition Badge National & Coast Guard Coast Guard Pistol Shot Excellence in Competition Badge National & Coast Guard Fullbore target rifle, generic term for Palma and F-Class, internationally governed by the International Confede
A Marksmanship Ribbon is a United States Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard award, issued to its members who pass a weapons qualification course and achieve an above-average score. Additionally, there are select State National Guard organizations that award marksmanship ribbons for high placement in state-level marksmanship competitions; the U. S. Navy has issued these two marksmanship awards since 1920: the Navy Pistol Marksmanship Ribbon, awarded for qualification on the Beretta M9 9mm pistol, the Navy Rifle Marksmanship Ribbon, awarded for qualification on the M14 and M16 rifle variants; the Navy issues the marksmanship ribbon in three levels of precedence: Expert and Marksman. The basic ribbon is awarded for the Marksman level while the specific ribbon device is awarded for qualification as a Sharpshooter or Expert; those receiving an Expert qualification receive Marksmanship Ribbon. The Navy issued Distinguished Marksmanship Ribbons between 1942 and 1960 which were declared obsolete by 1965; the U.
S. Air Force awards a single ribbon, known as the Small Arms Expert Marksmanship Ribbon, for an expert qualification on either the M16 rifle, M4 carbine or the individual's AFSC designated pistol; the ribbon is issued in only one degree. The ribbon was authorized by the Secretary of the Air Force on Aug. 28, 1962, was awarded to all Air Force members who qualified after Jan. 1, 1963. Prior to the conception of a ribbon, Air Force members were awarded with the United States Air Force Small Arms Marksmanship Certificate of Achievement; the U. S. Coast Guard Marksmanship Ribbons are issued under the same criteria as the U. S. Navy, but Coast Guardsmen use a.40 cal SIG Sauer P229R DAK pistol instead of the Navy's M9 pistol. The Coast Guard issues two ribbons, known as the Coast Guard Pistol Marksmanship Ribbon and the Coast Guard Rifle Marksmanship Ribbon; the ribbon device is awarded for qualification at the higher levels of expert. Like the Navy, for those who receive an expert qualification, the Marksmanship Medal is awarded instead of the Marksmanship Ribbon.
Once a year, thousands of U. S. Army and Air National Guard shooters compete against each other at the Winston P. Wilson Rifle and Pistol Championships. In the Missouri National Guard, the top twelve guardsmen selected to represent their state at the Winston P. Wilson matches are awarded the Governor's Twelve Ribbon, worn on dress uniforms. In addition, these guardsman are awarded the Governor's Twelve Tab for wear on the combat uniform; the Adjutant General of Missouri awards the Adjutant General's Twenty Ribbon to soldiers and airmen who qualify among the top twenty competitors at the Missouri State Combat Matches conducted each year. In addition to this ribbon, these guardsman are awarded the Adjutant General's Twenty Combat Badge for wear on the combat uniform. Guardsmen are authorized to wear these ribbons as a permanent decoration on service dress uniforms, to the left of federal awards, when operating under Title 32 status; when federalized, guardsman can not wear these ribbons. The U. S. Army and U.
S. Marine Corps provide weapons qualification badges instead of a marksmanship ribbon. For the services that award the marksmanship ribbon, re-qualification is not necessary once a service member has obtained the award, the ribbon may be worn throughout an individual's career. In the Navy and Coast Guard, the marksmanship ribbon may be upgraded with a specific ribbon device if a higher qualification is achieved. Marksmanship Device Marksmanship Medal Marksmanship Badge Awards and decorations of the United States military
Navy E Ribbon
The Battle Efficiency Ribbon, Navy "E" Ribbon, or the Battle "E" ribbon was established in July 1976 by Secretary of the Navy J. William Middendorf; the Navy "E" Ribbon denotes permanent duty on U. S. Navy ships, aviation squadrons, or units that have won a battle efficiency competition after July 1, 1974; this ribbon replaces the "E" patch sewn on the right sleeve of the enlisted naval uniform for pay grades E-1 through E-6. United States Marine Corps personnel assigned; the Navy "E" Ribbon does not have a corresponding medal, meaning that when in full dress uniform, the ribbon is placed above the right breast pocket of the uniform instead of the left. However, when in standard uniform, the ribbon is placed above the left breast pocket, along with all other citations and awards; the Navy "E" Ribbon was designed by AZ3 Cynthia L. Crider in 1973, it took 3 years to have her design and recommendation be approved by the Secretary of the Navy and the ribbon created by the Department of the Army, which has the final approval for the design and colors of all ribbons and medals in the U.
S. military. AZ3 Crider was stationed at Carrier Airborne Early Warning Squadron 88, a Naval Air Reserve E-2 Hawkeye squadron at NAS North Island, CA. Petty Officer Third Class Crider designed the ribbon after her squadron won the award for the second time in a row, but with the new uniform change would not be able to wear anything on their uniforms to show they had been awarded the Navy'E' two consecutive times, back in 1973; the "E" is one of the few ribbons, not an individual award. Instead, it is a unit award, issued to any U. S. servicemember, stationed as ship's company when the award is earned. Embarked personnel are not authorized to receive the award; the United States Coast Guard's equivalent of the Navy "E" Ribbon is the Coast Guard "E" Ribbon. For each award of the Navy "E" Ribbon, one 3/16 inch silver Battle "E" device is authorized for wear on the Navy "E" ribbon, up to the third award; when a service member receives a fourth Navy "E" award, a Wreathed Battle "E" device is bestowed.
This replaces the first three devices and "closes out" the award ribbon — no further devices are authorized for display of additional awards. While service members may receive more than four Navy "E"s, only four may be displayed. Multiple "E" attachments are placed in a horizontal line in the center of the ribbon. Awards and decorations of the United States military Army-Navy ‘E’ Award Battle Effectiveness Award
Winston P. Wilson
Winston Peabody Wilson was a United States Air Force major general who served as Chief of the National Guard Bureau. Winston Peabody Wilson was born in Arkadelphia, Arkansas, on November 11, 1911. Wilson was raised in Little Rock and acquired the nickname "Wimpy", a play on words using his name, when the football coach at Little Rock High School hollered for "Win P. Wilson" to take the field, he enlisted in the Arkansas National Guard in 1929 and was an aircraft mechanic in the 154th Observation Squadron. He graduated from Hendrix College in 1934. In 1936 he became qualified as a pilot after receiving instruction from Earl T. Ricks, he received his commission as a second lieutenant in 1940, the same year he received his commercial pilot's license. During World War II, Wilson served with the 154th Squadron at Eglin Field, flying anti-submarine patrols. In September 1942, he was assigned to the staff at Headquarters, United States Army Air Forces, in Washington, D. C, he was rated as a service pilot in May 1943, appointed Chief of the Tactical Reconnaissance Branch in July, 1943, receiving promotion to major.
In 1944, he became commander of the 16th Photographic Squadron, responsible for photographic mapping and charting missions in South America and the continental United States. In 1945, he was assigned to the Pacific as liaison officer to the Far East Air Forces, he was subsequently assigned as assistant air photo officer at Headquarters, Far East Air Forces, in the Philippines, receiving promotion to lieutenant colonel. In 1946, he was appointed chief of the reconnaissance unit in the Operations and Training staff section, of Pacific Air Command, operating in both Tokyo and Manila. Wilson, now the commander of the Arkansas National Guard's reorganized 154th Fighter Squadron, played a role in the creation of the new United States Air Force, was an advocate for two separate Reserve components, the United States Air Force Reserve and the Air National Guard. Among the changes he instituted in an effort to improve readiness were a modified drill schedule, moving from four Wednesday nights per month to two Wednesday nights and two full Sundays, the precursor to the current one full weekend per month schedule.
In 1950, Ricks was appointed director of the Air National Guard, selected Wilson as his deputy. Wilson, now a colonel, was responsible for the training, readiness and deployment of Air National Guard units during the Korean War, he served in this role until Ricks' death, was the acting director during Ricks' final illness. Before Ricks died, he recommended Wilson as his replacement. Wilson was appointed director of the Air National Guard in 1954, promoted to brigadier general. In 1955, he was promoted to major general, he carried out this assignment while serving as director of the Air National Guard. From June to July 1959, he served as acting chief of the National Guard Bureau after the retirement of Edgar C. Erickson and before the appointment of Donald W. McGowan. During his tenure as Air Guard Director, he oversaw the organization's diversification from a fighter-based force to one of fighters, bombers and transport units, as well as a modernization of its planes and facilities. In 1963, Wilson was appointed chief of the National Guard Bureau, the first Air Force officer to be named to the position.
Long an advocate for integrating National Guard and Reserve units into operations with active duty ones, rather than using them as a strategic reserve, Wilson's view was validated during the Vietnam War, with Air Guard fighter squadrons serving in Vietnam following the Pueblo Incident and the Tet Offensive, when called on to deploy with little or no advance notice. Wilson continued efforts to racially integrate the National Guard, including the appointment of its first African-American general officer. In addition to its military preparations, Wilson oversaw enhanced training and equipping efforts so that the National Guard could respond to civil disturbances, which happened with increasing frequency as the result of the civil rights and anti-Vietnam War movements of the 1960s; as NGB Chief during the Vietnam War, Wilson made news when he advocated that Guard members take part in counter-demonstrations in response to opponents of the war, asking them to drive with their car headlights on during the day, fly the U.
S. flag more and leave their porch lights on at night. Wilson flew in Vietnam on observing and fact finding missions, received the Vietnam Service Medal, he was served until his 1971 retirement. In retirement, Wilson resided in Arkansas, he suffered a stroke and died at Baptist East Hospital in Memphis, Tennessee on December 31, 1996. He was buried at South Town Cemetery in Forrest City; the National Guard Marksmanship Training Center at Camp Joseph T. Robinson, Arkansas hosts the annual Winston P. Wilson Rifle and Pistol Championship, a nationwide contest where teams and individuals from participating states compete for high scores in small arms target shooting. In 2000 he was inducted into the Airlift/Tanker Hall of Fame; the University of Arkansas Air Force ROTC Det 030 has a Arnold Air Society Squadron, named Winston P. Wilson Squadron. Distinguished Service Medal Legion of Merit American Defense Service Medal Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal World War II Victory Medal Army of Occupation Medal National Defense Service Medal Vietnam Service Medal Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal Air Force Longevity Service Award Armed Forces Reserve Medal
Awards and decorations of the United States Air Force
Awards and decorations of the United States Air Force are military decorations which are issued by the Department of the Air Force to Air Force service members and members of other military branches serving under Air Force commands. Of all five branches of the United States Armed Forces, the United States Air Force maintains the highest number of active awards and decorations, including many without equivalent in any other service. United States Air Force awards were first created in 1947. At that time, Air Force members were eligible to receive most U. S. Army decorations and Air Force veterans of World War II were entitled to continue displaying World War II campaign medals. In 1962, following the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Air Force began a concentrated effort to create its own array of awards and Air Force members could no longer receive decorations of the United States Army as a matter of course. By the end of the Vietnam War, most of the modern day Air Force decorations had been established and Air Force members were entitled to receive and wear all inter-service awards and decorations.
By the start of the 21st century, the Air Force had created several new ribbons as well as an Air Force specific campaign medal known as the Air and Space Campaign Medal. In February 2006, the United States Air Force ceased issuing new awards of the Good Conduct Medal, the medal was reinstated in February 2009; the AFGCM has been back-awarded to those who were in service during the three-year break in new awards. By retroactively awarding those who deserved the medal, it is as if the medal had never been taken away. Air Force members are eligible to receive approved foreign awards and approved international decorations; the issued active Air Force decorations are as follows: Air Force Decoration for Exceptional Civilian Service: similar to the military Distinguished Service Medal. A gold-colored medal bearing the Air Force coat of arms with a wreath of laurel leaves. Ribbon is dark-blue silk with three dotted golden-orange lines in the center. Air Force Valor Award: similar to the Airman's Medal.
Gold-colored medal design bearing the Air Force thunderbolt on an equilateral triangle surmounted by the Air Force eagle perched on a scroll inscribed "Valor" within an olive wreath. Ribbon is light blue with four yellow stripes, two dark blue stripes, one red stripe in the center. Air Force Outstanding Civilian Career Service Award: similar to the military Legion of Merit. Bronze medal bearing the Air Force coat of arms with a wreath of laurel leaves. Ribbon is white trimmed in maroon with three maroon stripes in the center. Air Force Meritorious Civilian Service Award: similar to the military Meritorious Service Medal. Sterling silver medal and lapel emblem bearing the Air Force coat of arms with a wreath of laurel leaves. Lapel emblem with ruby indicates receipt of more than one Meritorious Civilian Service Award. Air Force Command Award for Valor: similar to the military Meritorious Service Medal when awarded for heroism. Sterling silver medal of the same design as the Air Force Valor Award.
Ribbon is one red stripe in the center. Air Force Exemplary Civilian Service Award: For outstanding service supporting a command mission for at least one year or a single act that contributed to command mission. Similar to the military Commendation Medal. Air Force Civilian Achievement Award: For outstanding service for a single, specific act or accomplishment in support of the unit’s mission or goals. Similar to the military Achievement Medal. Secretary of the Air Force Distinguished Public Service Award: For distinguished public service to the Air Force which translates into substantial contributions to the accomplishment of the Air Force mission; this is the highest public service award bestowed to private citizens by the Secretary of the Air Force. Chief of Staff of the Air Force Award for Exceptional Public Service: For Sustained unselfish dedication and exceptional support to the Air Force. Air Force Exceptional Service Award: For exceptional service to the United States Air Force or for an act of heroism involving voluntary risk of life.
Air Force Scroll of Appreciation: For meritorious achievement or service that are voluntary and performed as a public service or patriotic in nature. Air Force Commander's Award for Public Service: For service or achievements which contribute to the accomplishment of the mission of an Air Force activity, command, or staff agency. In 2018, as part of the Air Force's initiative to reduced directive publications, the eight-page AFI 36-2805 was released, superseding 30 previous AFIs. Guidance for special awards was moved to a website at https://access.afpc.af.mil/. Cheney Award Mackay Trophy 12 Outstanding Airmen of the Year Lance P. Sijan USAF Leadership Award USAF First Sergeant of the Year Award General and Mrs. Jerome F. O'Malley Award Joan Orr Air Force Spouse of the Year Award Koren Kolligian Jr. Trophy General Thomas D. White USAF Space Trophy General Wilbur L. Creech Maintenance Excellence Award Dr. James G. Roche Sustainment Excellence Award General Lew Allen, Jr. Trophy Lieutenant General Leo Marquez Award Brigadier General Sarah P.
Wells Award Aviator Valor Award General John P. Ju
United States Department of Homeland Security
The United States Department of Homeland Security is a cabinet department of the U. S. federal government with responsibilities in public security comparable to the interior or home ministries of other countries. Its stated missions involve anti-terrorism, border security and customs, cyber security, disaster prevention and management, it was created in response to the September 11 attacks and is the youngest U. S. cabinet department. In fiscal year 2017, it was allocated a net discretionary budget of $40.6 billion. With more than 240,000 employees, DHS is the third largest Cabinet department, after the Departments of Defense and Veterans Affairs. Homeland security policy is coordinated at the White House by the Homeland Security Council. Other agencies with significant homeland security responsibilities include the Departments of Health and Human Services and Energy. Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen resigned on April 7, 2019, effective April 10. By law, Undersecretary for Management Claire Grady was to become the acting Secretary of Homeland Security.
On April 7, President Donald J. Trump designated the current U. S. Customs and Border Protection Commissioner Kevin McAleenan as acting Secretary. McAleenan named David Pekoske, who also serves as the TSA Administrator, as the acting Deputy Secretary. Whereas the Department of Defense is charged with military actions abroad, the Department of Homeland Security works in the civilian sphere to protect the United States within, at, outside its borders, its stated goal is to prepare for and respond to domestic emergencies terrorism. On March 1, 2003, DHS absorbed the U. S. assumed its duties. In doing so, it divided the enforcement and services functions into two separate and new agencies: Immigration and Customs Enforcement and Citizenship and Immigration Services; the investigative divisions and intelligence gathering units of the INS and Customs Service were merged forming Homeland Security Investigations, the primary investigative arm of DHS. Additionally, the border enforcement functions of the INS, including the U.
S. Border Patrol, the U. S. Customs Service, the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service were consolidated into a new agency under DHS: U. S. Customs and Border Protection; the Federal Protective Service falls under the National Programs Directorate. The Department of Homeland Security is headed by the Secretary of Homeland Security with the assistance of the Deputy Secretary; the department contains the components listed below. AgenciesUnited States Citizenship and Immigration Services: Processes and examines citizenship and asylum requests from aliens. U. S. Customs and Border Protection: Law enforcement agency that enforces U. S. laws along its international borders including its enforcement of U. S. immigration and agriculture laws while at and patrolling between all U. S. ports-of-entry. U. S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement: Law enforcement agency divided into two bureaus:Homeland Security Investigations investigates violations of more than 400 U. S. laws and gathers intelligence on national and international criminal activities that threaten the security of the homeland.
Transportation Security Administration: Responsible for aviation security, as well as land and water transportation security United States Coast Guard: Military service responsible for law enforcement, maritime security, national defense, maritime mobility, protection of natural resources. United States Secret Service: Law enforcement agency tasked with two distinct and critical national security missions:Investigative Mission – The investigative mission of the USSS is to safeguard the payment and financial systems of the United States from a wide range of financial and electronic-based crimes. Protective Mission – The protective mission of the USSS is to ensure the safety of the President of the United States, the Vice President of the United States, their immediate families, foreign heads of state. Federal Emergency Management Agency: agency that oversees the federal government's response to natural disasters like earthquakes, tornadoes, forest fires. Passports for U. S. citizens are issued by the U.
S. Department of State, not the Department of Homeland Security. Advisory groups: Homeland Security Advisory Council: State and local government, first responders, private sector, academics National Infrastructure Advisory Council: Advises on security of public and private information systems Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory Committee: Advise the Under Secretary for Science and Technology. Critical Infrastructure Partnership Advisory Council: Coordinate infrastructure protection with private sector and other levels of government Interagency Coordinating Council on Emergency Preparedness and Individuals with Disabilities Task Force on New Americans: "An inter-agency effort to help immigrants learn English, embrace the common core of American civic culture, become American."Other components: Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction Office: Counter attempts by terrorists or other threat actors to carry out an attack against the United States or its interests using a weapon of mass destruction.
Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen established the CWMD Office in December 2017 by consolidating the Domes