Marmaduke Furness, 1st Viscount Furness

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The Viscount Furness
Marmaduke Furness, 1st Viscount Furness.png
Born(1883-10-29)29 October 1883
Died6 October 1940(1940-10-06) (aged 56)
Spouse(s)
Children

Marmaduke Furness, 1st Viscount Furness and 2nd Baron Furness (29 October 1883 – 6 October 1940), was a British shipping magnate and during his lifetime one of the richest men in the world.[1][2][3]

Background[edit]

Furness was the son of Christopher Furness, 1st Baron Furness and Jane Annette Suggit,[4] he served as Chairman of Furness Withy, the shipbuilding firm, and was also involved in the steel and iron business.[4] He succeeded his father as 2nd Baron Furness in 1912, and in 1918 he was created Viscount Furness, of Grantley in the West Riding of the County of Yorkshire.[4] In November 1929, he was reported as being Laird of the Glen Affric Estate in the Scottish Highlands.[5][6][7]

Marriages and relationships[edit]

Lord Furness was married three times,[4] his first marriage was to Ada "Daisy" Hogg, daughter of an English businessman, G. J. H. Hogg of Seaton Carew, she was heavily involved in the Red Cross during World War I. She died on 28 February 1921, aboard the Furness yacht Sapphire off the coast of Portugal, while recovering from an operation and was buried at sea,[8] she and Lord Furness had two children:

  • Hon. Averill Furness (22 July 1908–1936); she married, in 1932, Andrew Rattray, 1882–1933
  • Hon. Christopher Furness, VC (1912–1940)

Lord Furness married secondly, in 1926, Thelma Morgan Converse, the former Mrs James Vail Converse and a daughter of Harry Hays Morgan Sr, an American diplomat, they divorced in 1933 as a result of Lady Furness's affairs with Aly Khan and Edward, Prince of Wales (later Edward VIII) having had one son:[9]

Furness’s third and final marriage was to Enid Cavendish (née Lindeman), the Australia-born widow of Brig. Gen. Frederick Cavendish; she was also the widow of Roderick Cameron, she and Lord Furness were married in 1933. By this marriage he had three stepchildren:

  • Roderick "Rory" William Cameron (1914–1985)
  • Patricia Enid Cavendish (born 30 Jun 1925)
  • Frederick Caryll Philip Cavendish, 7th Baron Waterpark (1926-2013)

In June 1921, Lord Furness was engaged to Julie Thompson (née Julie Francis Eleanor Phillips, died 15 April 1967), an American socialite and former wife of stockbroker George Lee Thompson, she had previously turned down offers of marriage by other nobles including Grand Duke Nicholas of Russia and his cousin Grand Duke Alexander Michaelovitch.[5] The engagement was broken off.

Death[edit]

Lord Furness died on 6 October 1940, aged 56, he was succeeded by his younger and only surviving son, Tony, as second viscount.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Obituary in The Times, Lord Furness - Shipbuilder And Owner Of Steelworks, October 9, 1940, p.7
  2. ^ Spence, Lyndsy (February 11, 2019). "The Grit in the Pearl: The Scandalous Life of Margaret, Duchess of Argyll". History Press – via Google Books.
  3. ^ Campbell, Lady Colin (April 24, 2012). "The Queen Mother: The Untold Story of Elizabeth Bowes Lyon, Who Became Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother". St. Martin's Press – via Google Books.
  4. ^ a b c d "Who's Who: Anyone who is, or was anyone...in their own words". Oxford University Press – via Oxford University Press.
  5. ^ a b "Philadelphia Beauty Won By Peer As Brother Spurns Dukedom", Philadelphia Inquirer, 14 June 1921
  6. ^ "POSSIBILITIES OF THE SCHEME". 28 November 1929 - The Scotsman Midlothian, Scotland. Retrieved 18 November 2018. The first group consisted of landowners (lairds) - Lord Furness, in connection with Affric Forest and Glen Affric Lodge; Captain G . B . Portman, and Mr Wm . Wills .... The second consisted of Local Authorities.....
  7. ^ "Article". The Sphere London, England - 27 August 1932. Retrieved 4 August 2017. Far the best stalking is in the Western Highlands though Strathconon is a notable exception. Glen Affric, which Lord Furness has sub-let for the last two years, is another very fine deer forest.
  8. ^ Philadelphia Inquirer, Feb 1921, full page on why she was buried at sea
  9. ^ Goldsmith, Barbara, ed. (1982), Little Gloria...Happy at Last, Dell, ISBN 0-440-15120-1, retrieved 13 August 2010
  10. ^ Fawkes, Richard (12 May 1995). "Obituary:Viscount Furness". London: The Independent.
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Viscount Furness
1918–1940
Succeeded by
William Furness
Preceded by
Christopher Furness
Baron Furness
1912–1940