Lumière Place is a St. Louis, Missouri and hotel resort owned and operated by Eldorado Resorts. Located in downtown St. Louis, Lumière Place opened on December 19, 2007; the resort overlooks the Mississippi River and sits less than one mile from the Gateway Arch and is within walking distance to the Edward Jones Dome and Busch Stadium. Lumière Place houses two hotels, HoteLumière and the only Missouri hotel to receive the AAA Five Diamond Award, Four Seasons St. Louis. Lumière Place won the Readers' Choice award for "Best Casino" in the 2013 Riverfront Times Best of St. Louis awards. In March 2014, Lumière Place hosted a World Series of Poker Circuit tournament. In April 2014, Tropicana Entertainment acquired the Lumière Place complex from Pinnacle Entertainment for $260 million. In April 2018, Tropicana struck an agreement to sell its real estate assets, including Lumière Place, to Gaming and Leisure Properties, while Eldorado Resorts would buy Tropicana's operating business and lease its properties from GLP.
The deal provoked anti-competition concerns because it would leave GLP as the owner of all six casinos in the St. Louis area; the Missouri Gaming Commission rejected the sale because of these concerns, the deal was modified such that Eldorado would acquire the Lumière Place real estate for $246 million, financed by a mortgage from GLP. The sale was completed in October 2018; the 75,000-square-foot Lumière Place casino floor features 1,450 slots, 55 tables and a 10-table poker room. HoteLumière has 294 all-suite guest rooms and the 19-story Four Seasons Hotel St. Louis has 200 rooms, including 14 suites; the property features the 453-seat Lumière Theatre for live entertainment. Since its debut in 2008, Lumière Theatre has played host to The Go-Go's, Joan Rivers, Thunder from Down Under, Louie Anderson, John Witherspoon, Brandy, Eddie Money, Chrisette Michele, WBF Championship Boxing, mixed martial arts fights and the taping of an episode of TLC’s Cake Boss where Buddy Valastro unveiled a 700-pound cake featuring Lumière Place and other St. Louis landmarks.
The resort was designed by Marnell Corrao Associates, the Las Vegas-based architectural firm that built the Bellagio for 508 million. To satisfy state law that only allows for gambling on floating platform within a 1000 foot distance of the Missouri and Mississippi river, the casino floor is an eight-foot-thick concrete raft afloat in a basin holding more than 1.5 million gallons of purified water. The architectural design used advanced construction techniques employing continuous concrete pour to achieve a water tight basin on which a "barge" is floated. Visitors to the facility have no indication. Lumière Place
Rio All-Suite Hotel and Casino
Rio Las Vegas is a hotel and casino near the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, United States. It is operated by Caesars Entertainment Corporation; the Rio was the first all suite resort in the Las Vegas area. It is influenced by Brazilian culture, it is the host casino for the World Series of Poker. The hotel towers are covered in red glass; the Rio hotel's 2,522 suites range in size from 600 to 13,000 sq ft and have floor to ceiling windows. There are several private villas on the property for high-rollers; the complex includes a wine cellar. The Rio Pavilion convention center has a total of 160,000 sq ft of space. A Race and Sports Book is available; the Rio opened on January 1990, as a locals casino. The opening acts were the Brazilian Group Sérgio Mendes'99 and Henrietta Alves of New Orleans, bringing the first two-piano act to Las Vegas, with various co-performers. A 20-story expansion tower was added to the current Ipanema Tower in 1993. Masquerade Village, a hotel tower and casino expansion including the Masquerade Show in the Sky, opened in 1997, at a cost of over $200 million.
The Rio was purchased by Harrah's Entertainment in 1999 for $888 million. After the purchase, the Culinary Workers Union organized the Rio employees through card check recognition by enforcing the neutrality clause of the existing Harrah's contract on the new acquisition. Danny Gans, after moving from the Stratosphere Las Vegas, opened as the headliner in 1998, he moved to The Mirage in 2000. Penn & Teller have been the resident headline entertainers since 2001; the Rio's Penn & Teller Theater was the host venue of the 30th Anniversary Special for the hit CBS game show The Price Is Right and has been used for Live! with Regis and Kelly, Hell's Kitchen and numerous Penn & Teller television projects. The hotel hosted the World Series of Poker in 2005, the first time this event was not held at Binion's. Binion's was used for the final three tables and the last two days of the competition as part of the celebration of Las Vegas' centennial. Since 2005, the Rio has been the home for the tournament.
KISS by Monster Mini Golf is a franchise of the popular Monster Mini Golf chain. In addition to the 18-hole miniature golf course, the venue boasts a Rock and Roll Themed wedding chapel called the "I Love It Loud Wedding Chapel", the world's largest KISS gift shop, a KISS Museum featuring memorabilia from the band's storied career on display, it hosts regular appearances by KISS band members, both past and present. On May 30, 2008, the Rio opened the Sapphire Pool in conjunction with a local club; the daylight-hour, adults-only club surrounded one of the property's outdoor pools and featured dancers. It opened with a $30-per-male-customer admission price; the venture was a high-profile joint venture between a casino company and a topless business, was notable because the possibility of bringing in criminal activity at the club had caused the Nevada Gaming Control Board to balk at previous collaborations. In late July 2009, the Rio hotel asked the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department to do a routine undercover investigation of the Sapphire Pool, as casino-resorts in Nevada are held responsible for the activities held on their premises.
The request was a part of the resort's effort to show good faith to the Gaming Control Board. The July 25 visit resulted in 11 arrests. Upon finding out the results of the investigation, the Rio shut down the pool; when Creation Entertainment lost the "Star Trek mecca" for its annual Official Convention after the closing of Star Trek: The Experience at the adjoining former Las Vegas Hilton, the convention moved to the Rio in 2011 and has grown since. For 2016, the 50th anniversary of Star Trek, the event expands to a fifth day and by Dec. 31, 2015, had broken a room-reservation record with 12,000+ rooms reserved by attendees and vendors. The SKUSA SuperNationals, a kart racing event to which international kart and car drivers are invited, takes place each year at the Rio All Suite Hotel and Casino, a circuit is set on the hotel parking lot; the DEF CON hacker convention took place at the Rio All Suite Hotel and Casino from 2011 to 2014. The Computer Measurement Group annual conference took place at the Rio in December 2012.
List of Caesars Entertainment properties List of casinos in Nevada Official website Media related to Rio All-Suite Hotel and Casino at Wikimedia Commons
Avi Resort & Casino
Avi Resort & Casino is a hotel and casino located near the southern tip of Nevada on the banks of the Colorado River in Laughlin, Nevada next to Fort Mohave, Arizona. Within walking distance of the California and Arizona borders, it is owned by the Fort Mojave Tribe and operated under an agreement with the state of Nevada, it has a 25,000 sq ft casino and a 260-space RV park with internet access. The casino was built at cost of $60 million, it is one of two Nevada tribe owned Indian casinos located in Nevada, the other being the much-smaller Moapa Tribal Casino. Official website
Architecture is both the process and the product of planning and constructing buildings or any other structures. Architectural works, in the material form of buildings, are perceived as cultural symbols and as works of art. Historical civilizations are identified with their surviving architectural achievements. Architecture is both the process and the product of planning and constructing buildings and other physical structures. Architecture can mean: A general term to describe other physical structures; the art and science of designing buildings and nonbuilding structures. The style of design and method of construction of buildings and other physical structures. A unifying or coherent form or structure. Knowledge of art, science and humanity; the design activity of the architect, from the macro-level to the micro-level. The practice of the architect, where architecture means offering or rendering professional services in connection with the design and construction of buildings, or built environments.
The earliest surviving written work on the subject of architecture is De architectura, by the Roman architect Vitruvius in the early 1st century AD. According to Vitruvius, a good building should satisfy the three principles of firmitas, venustas known by the original translation – firmness and delight. An equivalent in modern English would be: Durability – a building should stand up robustly and remain in good condition. Utility – it should be suitable for the purposes for which it is used. Beauty – it should be aesthetically pleasing. According to Vitruvius, the architect should strive to fulfill each of these three attributes as well as possible. Leon Battista Alberti, who elaborates on the ideas of Vitruvius in his treatise, De Re Aedificatoria, saw beauty as a matter of proportion, although ornament played a part. For Alberti, the rules of proportion were those that governed the idealised human figure, the Golden mean; the most important aspect of beauty was, therefore, an inherent part of an object, rather than something applied superficially, was based on universal, recognisable truths.
The notion of style in the arts was not developed until the 16th century, with the writing of Vasari: by the 18th century, his Lives of the Most Excellent Painters and Architects had been translated into Italian, French and English. In the early 19th century, Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin wrote Contrasts that, as the titled suggested, contrasted the modern, industrial world, which he disparaged, with an idealized image of neo-medieval world. Gothic architecture, Pugin believed, was the only "true Christian form of architecture." The 19th-century English art critic, John Ruskin, in his Seven Lamps of Architecture, published 1849, was much narrower in his view of what constituted architecture. Architecture was the "art which so disposes and adorns the edifices raised by men... that the sight of them" contributes "to his mental health and pleasure". For Ruskin, the aesthetic was of overriding significance, his work goes on to state that a building is not a work of architecture unless it is in some way "adorned".
For Ruskin, a well-constructed, well-proportioned, functional building needed string courses or rustication, at the least. On the difference between the ideals of architecture and mere construction, the renowned 20th-century architect Le Corbusier wrote: "You employ stone and concrete, with these materials you build houses and palaces:, construction. Ingenuity is at work, but you touch my heart, you do me good. I am happy and I say: This is beautiful; that is Architecture". Le Corbusier's contemporary Ludwig Mies van der Rohe said "Architecture starts when you put two bricks together. There it begins." The notable 19th-century architect of skyscrapers, Louis Sullivan, promoted an overriding precept to architectural design: "Form follows function". While the notion that structural and aesthetic considerations should be subject to functionality was met with both popularity and skepticism, it had the effect of introducing the concept of "function" in place of Vitruvius' "utility". "Function" came to be seen as encompassing all criteria of the use and enjoyment of a building, not only practical but aesthetic and cultural.
Nunzia Rondanini stated, "Through its aesthetic dimension architecture goes beyond the functional aspects that it has in common with other human sciences. Through its own particular way of expressing values, architecture can stimulate and influence social life without presuming that, in and of itself, it will promote social development.' To restrict the meaning of formalism to art for art's sake is not only reactionary. Among the philosophies that have influenced modern architects and their approach to building design are rationalism, structuralism, poststructuralism, phenomenology. In the late 20th century a new concept was added to those included in the compass of both structure and function, the consideration of sustainability, hence sustainable architecture. To satisfy the contemporary ethos a building should be constructed in a manner, environmentally friendly in terms of the production of its materials, its impact upon the natural and built environment of its surrounding area and the demands that it makes upon non-sustainable power sources for heating, cooling and waste management and lighting
Nevada is a state in the Western United States. It is bordered by Oregon to the northwest, Idaho to the northeast, California to the west, Arizona to the southeast and Utah to the east. Nevada is the 7th most extensive, the 32nd most populous, but the 9th least densely populated of the U. S. states. Nearly three-quarters of Nevada's people live in Clark County, which contains the Las Vegas–Paradise metropolitan area where three of the state's four largest incorporated cities are located. Nevada's capital, however, is Carson City. Nevada is known as the "Silver State" because of the importance of silver to its history and economy, it is known as the "Battle Born State", because it achieved statehood during the Civil War. Nevada is desert and semi-arid, much of it within the Great Basin. Areas south of the Great Basin are within the Mojave Desert, while Lake Tahoe and the Sierra Nevada lie on the western edge. About 86% of the state's land is managed by various jurisdictions of the U. S. federal government, both civilian and military.
Before European contact, Native Americans of the Paiute and Washoe tribes inhabited the land, now Nevada. The first Europeans to explore the region were Spanish, they called the region Nevada because of the snow. The area formed part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, became part of Mexico when it gained independence in 1821; the United States annexed the area in 1848 after its victory in the Mexican–American War, it was incorporated as part of Utah Territory in 1850. The discovery of silver at the Comstock Lode in 1859 led to a population boom that became an impetus to the creation of Nevada Territory out of western Utah Territory in 1861. Nevada became the 36th state on October 31, 1864, as the second of two states added to the Union during the Civil War. Nevada has a reputation for its libertarian laws. In 1940, with a population of just over 110,000 people, Nevada was by far the least-populated state, with less than half the population of the next least-populated state. However, legalized gambling and lenient marriage and divorce laws transformed Nevada into a major tourist destination in the 20th century.
Nevada is the only U. S. state where prostitution is legal, though it is illegal in Clark County, Washoe County and Carson City. The tourism industry remains Nevada's largest employer, with mining continuing as a substantial sector of the economy: Nevada is the fourth-largest producer of gold in the world; the name "Nevada" comes from meaning "snow-covered", after the Sierra Nevada. Most Nevadans pronounce the second syllable of their state name using the TRAP vowel. Many from outside the Western United States pronounce it with the PALM vowel. Although the latter pronunciation is closer to the Spanish pronunciation, it is not the pronunciation preferred by most Nevadans. State Assemblyman Harry Mortenson proposed a bill to recognize the alternate pronunciation of Nevada, though the bill was not supported by most legislators and never received a vote; the Nevadan pronunciation is the de facto official one, since it is the one used by the state legislature. At one time, the state's official tourism organization, TravelNevada, stylized the name of the state as "Nevăda", with a breve mark over the a indicating the locally preferred pronunciation, available as a license plate design.
Nevada is entirely within the Basin and Range Province, is broken up by many north-south mountain ranges. Most of these ranges have endorheic valleys between them, which belies the image portrayed by the term Great Basin. Much of the northern part of the state is within the Great Basin, a mild desert that experiences hot temperatures in the summer and cold temperatures in the winter. Moisture from the Arizona Monsoon will cause summer thunderstorms; the state's highest recorded temperature was 125 °F in Laughlin on June 29, 1994. The coldest recorded temperature was −52 °F set in San Jacinto in 1972, in the northeastern portion of the state; the Humboldt River crosses the state from east to west across the northern part of the state, draining into the Humboldt Sink near Lovelock. Several rivers drain from the Sierra Nevada eastward, including the Walker and Carson rivers. All of these rivers are endorheic basins, ending in Walker Lake, Pyramid Lake, the Carson Sink, respectively. However, not all of Nevada is within the Great Basin.
Tributaries of the Snake River drain the far north, while the Colorado River, which forms much of the boundary with Arizona, drains much of southern Nevada. The mountain ranges, some of which have peaks above 13,000 feet, harbor lush forests high above desert plains, creating sky islands for endemic species; the valleys are no lower in elevation than 3,000 feet, while some in central Nevada are above 6,000 feet. The southern third of the state, where the Las Vegas area is situated, is within the Mojave Desert; the area is closer to the Arizona Monsoon in the summer. The terrain is lower below 4,000 feet, creating conditions for hot summer days and cool to chilly winter nights. Nevada and California have by far the longest diagonal line as a state boundary at just over 400 miles; this line begins in Lake Tahoe nearly
M Resort Spa Casino is a boutique hotel and casino in Henderson, owned by Gaming and Leisure Properties and operated by Penn National Gaming. It is located on 90 acres at the corner of Las Vegas Boulevard and St. Rose Parkway, near the affluent neighborhood of Southern Highlands; the hotel includes a 390 room boutique hotel. The hotel tower is 118.17 feet tall. M Resort has received a four-star rating from the Forbes Travel Guide every year since its opening, deeming the property "One of the Finest Hotels in the World". Anthony Marnell III is the son of Tony Marnell, who has developed resorts such as Caesars Palace, Wynn Las Vegas, the Bellagio. Anthony Marnell III acquired the land for the resort for $240 million. MGM Mirage announced a $160 million investment in the resort on April 26, 2006; the total cost of the completed project was $1 billion. Marnell Corrao Associates was responsible for development, master-planning, interior design, construction/design/program management, FFE procurement, property management, as well as being the executive design architect, architect of record, general contractor.
The resort opened to the public on March 1, 2009. In October 2010, Penn National Gaming bought the resort's $860 million in debt from the Bank of Scotland for $231 million, they acquired the property the following June, in exchange for canceling the debt. Marnell with no ownership. 390 room boutique hotel Casino containing 92,000 sq ft of space 60,000 sq ft of meeting and convention space 25,000 sq ft Events Pavilion For Christmas 2009, the resort placed on display the tallest Christmas tree in the United States. The 109-foot tree was lit in a ceremony on December 12, 2009. For the last few years, a tree at Fashion Island, an upscale mall in Newport Beach, had been the nation's tallest. Official website
Texas Station is a hotel and casino located in North Las Vegas, Nevada. It is operated by Station Casinos. Texas native Frank Fertitta Jr. the hotel-casino's original owner, chose the Texas theme to appeal to customers from his home state. Fertitta sold the hotel-casino for $95 million to Station Casinos, his former company, prior to its opening on July 12, 1995, it was the largest hotel-casino in North Las Vegas at the time of its opening, with a 60,000 sq ft casino and a 200-room hotel. Texas Station has been expanded several times, including a $55 million expansion that began in 1998; the expansion added a food court, a child-care facility, a parking garage, as well as additional movie theater screens and casino space. A $65 million expansion took place during 2000, included the addition of a convention hall, a bowling alley, new restaurants, two wedding chapels; the Texas Station, located on 47 acres, was designed and built by Marnell Corrao Associates at a cost of $62.8 million. The hotel included 200 rooms in a six-story building.
The resort was located at 2101 Texas Star Lane, near the intersection of North Rancho Drive and West Lake Mead Boulevard. Station Casinos' founder and former owner, Frank Fertitta Jr. owned the hotel-casino during construction but sold it to his former company for $95 million in June 1995, prior to the resort's opening. Although Station Casinos purchased the resort, Fertitta kept ownership of the land, which he purchased in June 1994. Fertitta had wanted the resort to appeal to customers from his home state of Texas, he included various subtle references to Texas-Mexican history in the project's design; the resort's exterior was designed to resemble an 1890s government architectural style common in Texas, while the interior was designed to replicate the San Antonio River Walk. Texas Station opened on July 12, 1995, with a fireworks show and the presence of the Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders, it was the largest hotel-casino. The 60,000 sq ft casino included 1,600 slot machines, 35 table games, a race and sportsbook, six bars.
The resort had six restaurants, including Laredo Cantina and Café, Stockyard Steak & Seafood House, Galveston Bay Seafood Co. and the 24-hour Yellow Rose Café. The resort had the Italian restaurant San Lorenzo, the Rio Grande Buffet, which included barbecue cuisine; the resort included a movie theater, operated by Act III Theatres. In November 1995, the resort began a 7,800 sq ft expansion, completed in February 1996. A parking garage was completed in 1996; the Texas Station had been a poor financial performer for Station Casinos because of limited customers and casino play. However, revenues increased following an extensive marketing campaign and the addition of the 600-space parking garage. In 1996, Texas Station adopted C. P. Squires Elementary, one of Clark's County oldest elementary schools, as its community partner. Texas Station set up many fund raising events for at-risk students including a "wishing well sweep" that takes all the coins from its fountains; the initial sweep netted $1,000 in coins and Texas Station committed to donating all future proceeds to the school to help fund a computer lab.
Future boxer Floyd Mayweather Jr. fought his first fight at the Texas Station on October 11, 1996. A nightclub, Texas Late Nite, opened that month, between the casino's bingo poker room. In January 1997, the Las Vegas Advisor ranked the Texas Station's buffet among the top buffets in Las Vegas. A potential $40 million expansion was under consideration in December 1997, was contingent on Station Casinos' success in transforming its corporate structure into a real estate investment trust. At the time, the casino consisted of 73,000 sq ft. In May 1998, plans were announced for a $51 million expansion that would include the addition of 21,000 sq ft in casino space, for a new total of 94,000 sq ft. Other additions would include six movie screens to the 12-screen movie theater; the expansion was planned to help the resort better compete against the Fiesta hotel-casino across the street, as well as the nearby Santa Fe hotel-casino. The expansion project began in July 1998, it cost $55 million; the Texas Station remained open during the expansion, which nearly doubled the resort's size with the addition of nearly 120,000 sq ft, for a new total of 270,000 sq ft. Tri Star Team Builders was contracted for $38 million to handle the new construction work.
As a joint venture, Tri Star Team Builders and PCL Construction worked together on the expansion. The movie theater operated by Regal Cinemas, closed temporarily in January 1999 because of the expansion. Construction operated on a continuous 24-hour schedule in the days leading up to the expansion's planned opening; the new areas opened on February 9, 1999, along with the reopening of the movie theater, while the six new movie screens were scheduled to open in the month. The expansion added 58,000 sq ft of 850 new slot, video poker and keno machines; the 4,400 sq ft race and sportsbook was redesigned. Added was the Martini Ranch, a 24-hour southwestern-themed cocktail lounge located in the center of the casino, with seating for 70 people; the expansion featured an 8,200 sq ft food court with seven eateries that included Krispy Kreme. Built was the Kids Quest child-care facility. A 126,000 sq ft parking garage with 2,900 spaces was built on the property's north side, at the southeast corner of West Lake Mead Boulevard and North Rancho Dr