An album is a collection of audio recordings issued as a collection on compact disc, audio tape, or another medium. Albums of recorded music were developed in the early 20th century as individual 78-rpm records collected in a bound book resembling a photograph album. Vinyl LPs are still issued, though album sales in the 21st-century have focused on CD and MP3 formats; the audio cassette was a format used alongside vinyl from the 1970s into the first decade of the 2000s. An album may be recorded in a recording studio, in a concert venue, at home, in the field, or a mix of places; the time frame for recording an album varies between a few hours to several years. This process requires several takes with different parts recorded separately, brought or "mixed" together. Recordings that are done in one take without overdubbing are termed "live" when done in a studio. Studios are built to absorb sound, eliminating reverberation, so as to assist in mixing different takes. Recordings, including live, may contain sound effects, voice adjustments, etc..
With modern recording technology, musicians can be recorded in separate rooms or at separate times while listening to the other parts using headphones. Album covers and liner notes are used, sometimes additional information is provided, such as analysis of the recording, lyrics or librettos; the term "album" was applied to a collection of various items housed in a book format. In musical usage the word was used for collections of short pieces of printed music from the early nineteenth century. Collections of related 78rpm records were bundled in book-like albums; when long-playing records were introduced, a collection of pieces on a single record was called an album. An album, in ancient Rome, was a board chalked or painted white, on which decrees and other public notices were inscribed in black, it was from this that in medieval and modern times album came to denote a book of blank pages in which verses, sketches and the like are collected. Which in turn led to the modern meaning of an album as a collection of audio recordings issued as a single item.
In the early nineteenth century "album" was used in the titles of some classical music sets, such as Schumann's Album for the Young Opus 68, a set of 43 short pieces. When 78rpm records came out, the popular 10-inch disc could only hold about three minutes of sound per side, so all popular recordings were limited to around three minutes in length. Classical-music and spoken-word items were released on the longer 12-inch 78s, about 4–5 minutes per side. For example, in 1924, George Gershwin recorded a drastically shortened version of the seventeen-minute Rhapsody in Blue with Paul Whiteman and His Orchestra, it ran for 8m 59s. Deutsche Grammophon had produced an album for its complete recording of the opera Carmen in 1908. German record company Odeon released the Nutcracker Suite by Tchaikovsky in 1909 on 4 double-sided discs in a specially designed package; this practice of issuing albums does not seem to have been taken up by other record companies for many years. By about 1910, bound collections of empty sleeves with a paperboard or leather cover, similar to a photograph album, were sold as record albums that customers could use to store their records.
These albums came in both 12-inch sizes. The covers of these bound books were wider and taller than the records inside, allowing the record album to be placed on a shelf upright, like a book, suspending the fragile records above the shelf and protecting them. In the 1930s, record companies began issuing collections of 78 rpm records by one performer or of one type of music in specially assembled albums with artwork on the front cover and liner notes on the back or inside cover. Most albums included three or four records, with two sides each, making six or eight compositions per album; the 12-inch LP record, or 33 1⁄3 rpm microgroove vinyl record, is a gramophone record format introduced by Columbia Records in 1948. A single LP record had the same or similar number of tunes as a typical album of 78s, it was adopted by the record industry as a standard format for the "album". Apart from minor refinements and the important addition of stereophonic sound capability, it has remained the standard format for vinyl albums.
The term "album" was extended to other recording media such as Compact audio cassette, compact disc, MiniDisc, digital albums, as they were introduced. As part of a trend of shifting sales in the music industry, some observers feel that the early 21st century experienced the death of the album. While an album may contain as many or as few tracks as required, in the United States, The Recording Academy's rules for Grammy Awards state that an album must comprise a minimum total playing time of 15 minutes with at least five distinct tracks or a minimum total playing time of 30 minutes with no minimum track requirement. In the United Kingdom, the criteria for the UK Albums Chart is that a recording counts as an "album" i
Taiwan the Republic of China, is a state in East Asia. Neighbouring states include the People's Republic of China to the west, Japan to the northeast, the Philippines to the south. Taiwan is the most populous state and largest economy, not a member of the United Nations; the island of Taiwan was inhabited by indigenous peoples for thousands of years before the 17th century, when Dutch colonialists opened the island to mass Han immigration. After a brief rule by the Kingdom of Tungning, the island was annexed in 1683 by the Qing dynasty of China, ceded to Japan in 1895. Following the surrender of Japan in 1945, the Republic of China, which had overthrown and succeeded the Qing in 1911, took control of Taiwan; the resumption of the Chinese Civil War led to the loss of the mainland to the Communists and the flight of the ROC government to Taiwan in 1949. Although the ROC government continued to claim to be the legitimate representative of China, since 1950 its effective jurisdiction has been limited to Taiwan and several small islands.
In the early 1960s, Taiwan entered a period of industrialisation. In the 1980s and early 1990s, it changed from a one-party military dictatorship to a multi-party democracy with a semi-presidential system; as a founding member, the ROC represented China in the UN until it was replaced by the PRC in 1971. The PRC has claimed sovereignty over Taiwan and refused diplomatic relations with any country that recognises the ROC; as of 2019, Taiwan maintains official ties with 16 out of 193 UN member states. Most international organisations in which the PRC participates either refuse to grant membership to Taiwan or allow it to participate only as a non-state actor. Most major powers maintain unofficial ties with Taiwan through representative offices and institutions that function as de facto embassies and consulates. In Taiwan, the major political division is between parties favouring eventual Chinese unification and promoting a Chinese identity contrasted with those aspiring to independence and promoting a Taiwanese identity, though both sides have moderated their positions to broaden their appeal.
Taiwan is a high-income advanced economy, with a skilled and educated workforce. It has the 22nd-largest economy in the world, its high-tech industry plays a key role in the global economy, it is urbanised, is one of the most densely populated countries in the world, with most of the population concentrated on the western coast. The state is ranked in terms of civil and political liberties, health care and human development. Various names for the island of Taiwan remain in use today, each derived from explorers or rulers during a particular historical period; the name Formosa dates from 1542, when Portuguese sailors sighted an uncharted island and noted it on their maps as Ilha Formosa. The name Formosa "replaced all others in European literature" and remained in common use among English speakers into the 20th century. In the early 17th century, the Dutch East India Company established a commercial post at Fort Zeelandia on a coastal sandbar called "Tayouan", after their ethnonym for a nearby Taiwanese aboriginal tribe Taivoan people, written by the Dutch and Portuguese variously as Taiouwang, Teijoan, etc.
This name was adopted into the Chinese vernacular as the name of the sandbar and nearby area. The modern word "Taiwan" is derived from this usage, seen in various forms in Chinese historical records; the area occupied by modern-day Tainan represented the first permanent settlement by both European colonists and Chinese immigrants. The settlement grew to be the island's most important trading centre and served as its capital until 1887. Use of the current Chinese name became official as early as 1684 with the establishment of Taiwan Prefecture. Through its rapid development the entire Formosan mainland became known as "Taiwan". In his Daoyi Zhilüe, Wang Dayuan used "Liuqiu" as a name for the island of Taiwan, or the part of it closest to Penghu. Elsewhere, the name was used for the Ryukyu Islands in general or Okinawa, the largest of them; the name appears in the Book of Sui and other early works, but scholars cannot agree on whether these references are to the Ryukyus, Taiwan or Luzon. The official name of the state is the "Republic of China".
Shortly after the ROC's establishment in 1912, while it was still located on the Chinese mainland, the government used the short form "China" to refer to itself, which derives from zhōng and guó, a term which developed under the Zhou dynasty in reference to its royal demesne, the name was applied to the area around Luoyi during the Eastern Zhou and to China's Central Plain before being used as an occasional synonym for the state during the Qing era. During the 1950s and 1960s, after the government had withdrawn to Taiwan upon losing the Chinese Civil War, it was referred to as "Nationalist China" to differentiate it from "Communist China", it was a member of the United Nations representing "China" until 1971, when it lost its seat to the People's Republic of China. Over subsequent decades, the Republic of China has become known as "Taiwan", after the island that comprises 99% of the territory under its control. In some contexts ROC government publications, the name is written as "
Mandopop refers to Mandarin popular music. The English term was coined around 1980 soon after "Cantopop" became a popular term for describing popular songs in Cantonese, it is now used as a general term to describe popular songs performed in Mandarin. Mandopop is categorized as a subgenre of commercial Chinese-language music within C-pop. Popular music sung in mandarin was the first variety of popular music in Chinese to establish itself as a viable industry, it originated in Shanghai, Hong Kong and Beijing emerged as important centers of the Mandopop music industry. Among the countries where Mandopop is most popular are mainland China, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Singapore and Japan; the Chinese-language music industry began with the arrival of gramophone, the earliest gramophone recording in China was made in Shanghai in March 1903 by Fred Gaisberg, sent by the Victor Talking Machine Company in the U. S. to record local music in Asia. The recordings were manufactured outside China and re-imported by the Gramophone Company’s sales agent in China, the Moutrie Foreign Firm.
The Moudeli Company dominated the market before the 1910s until the Pathé Records took over the leading role. Pathé was founded in 1908 by a Frenchman named Labansat who had started a novelty entertainment business using phonograph in Shanghai around the beginning of the 20th century; the company established a recording studio, the first record-pressing plant in the Shanghai French Concession in 1914, became the principal record company to serve as the backbone for the young industry in China. It recorded Peking opera, but expanded to Mandarin popular music. Other foreign as well as Chinese-own recording companies were established in China. Early in the 20th century, people in China spoke in their own regional dialect. Although most people in Shanghai spoke Shanghainese, the recordings of the pop music from Shanghai from the 1920s onwards were done in Standard Mandarin, based on the Beijing dialect. Mandarin was considered as the language of the modern, educated class in China, there was a movement to popularize the use of Mandarin as a national language in the pursuit of national unity.
Those involved in this movement included songwriters such as Li Jinhui working in Shanghai. The drive to impose linguistic uniformity in China started in the early 20th century when the Qing Ministry of Education proclaimed Mandarin as the official speech to be taught in modern schools, a policy the new leaders of the Chinese Republic formed in 1912 were committed to. Sound films in Shanghai which started in the early 1930s were made in Mandarin because of a ban on the use of dialects in films by the Nanjing government popular songs from films were performed in Mandarin. Mandarin popular songs that started in the 1920s were called shidaiqu, Shanghai was the center of its production; the Mandarin popular songs of the Shanghai era are considered by scholars to be the first kind of modern popular music developed in China, the prototype of Chinese pop song. Li Jinhui is regarded as the "Father of Chinese Popular Music" who established the genre in the 1920s. Buck Clayton, the American jazz musician worked alongside Li.
Li established the Bright Moon Song and Dance Troupe, amongst their singing stars were Wang Renmei and Li Lili. There was a close relationship between music and film industries and many of its singers became actresses. Around 1927, Li composed the hit song "The Drizzle" recorded by his daughter Li Minghui, this song is regarded as the first Chinese pop song; the song, with its fusion of jazz and Chinese folk music, exemplifies the early shidaiqu - the tune is in the style of a traditional pentatonic folk melody, but the instrumentation is similar to that of an American jazz orchestra. The song however was sung in a high-pitched childlike style, a style described uncharitably as sounding like "strangling cat" by the writer Lu Xun; this early style would soon be replaced by more sophisticated performances from better-trained singers. In the following decades, various popular Western music genres such as Latin dance music would become incorporated into Chinese popular music, producing a type of music that contained both Chinese and Western elements.
These shidaiqu songs may range from those that were composed in the traditional Chinese idiom but followed a Western principle of composition to those that were done in a Western style, they may be accompanied by traditional Chinese or Western instrumentation. In 1931, the first sound film was made in China in a cooperation between the Mingxing Film Company and Pathé; the film industry took advantage of the sound era and engaged singers for acting and soundtrack roles, Li Jinhui's Bright Moonlight Song and Dance Troup became the first modern musical division to be integrated into the Chinese film industry when it joined Lianhua Film Company in 1931. Amongst the best-known of the singer-actress to emerge in the 1930s were Zhou Xuan, Gong Qiuxia, Bai Hong. Although singing stars need not have an acting career, the close relationship between the recording and film industries continued for many decades. Yao Lee, Bai Guang, Li Xianglan, Wu Yingyin became popular, collectively these seven stars became known as the "Seven Great Singing Stars" of the period.
Romance films or romance movies are romantic love stories recorded in visual media for broadcast in theaters and on TV that focus on passion and the affectionate romantic involvement of the main characters and the journey that their genuinely strong and pure romantic love takes them through dating, courtship or marriage. Romance films make the romantic love story or the search for strong and pure love and romance the main plot focus. Romance lovers face obstacles such as finances, physical illness, various forms of discrimination, psychological restraints or family that threaten to break their union of love; as in all quite strong and close romantic relationships, tensions of day-to-day life and differences in compatibility enter into the plots of romantic films. Romantic films explore the essential themes of love at first sight, young with older love, unrequited romantic love, obsessive love, sentimental love, spiritual love, forbidden love/romance, platonic love and passionate love, sacrificial love and destructive love, tragic love.
Romantic films serve as great escapes and fantasies for viewers if the two people overcome their difficulties, declare their love, experience life "happily after", implied by a reunion and final kiss. In romantic television series, the development of such romantic relationships may play out over many episodes, different characters may become intertwined in different romantic arcs. A romantic story with a period setting; this includes films such as Gone with Doctor Zhivago. Romantic dramas revolve around an obstacle which prevents deep and true romantic love between two people. Music is employed to indicate the emotional mood, creating an atmosphere of greater insulation for the couple; the conclusion of a romantic drama does not indicate whether a final romantic union between the two main characters will occur. Some examples of romantic drama films are Titanic, The Bridges of Madison County, The English Patient, Casablanca, Coming Home, Jungle Fever, Memoirs of a Geisha, Last Tango in Paris, Water for Elephants, 5 Centimeters per Second, Love Story.
Chick flick is a term associated with romance films as many are targeted to a female audience. Although many romance films may be targeted at women, this is not a defining characteristic of a romance film and a chick flick does not have a romance as a central theme, revolve around the romantic involvement of characters or contain a romantic relationship; as such, the terms cannot be used interchangeably. Films of this genre include Dirty Dancing, The Notebook, Dear John, A Walk to Remember, Romeo + Juliet. Romantic comedies are films with light-hearted, humorous plotlines, centered on romantic ideals such as that true love is able to surmount most obstacles. Humour in such films tends to be of a verbal, low-key variety or situational, as opposed to slapstick. Films within this genre include Four Weddings and a Funeral, Love Actually, Moonstruck, As Good as It Gets, Something's Gotta Give, It Happened One Night, When Harry Met Sally... Annie Hall, The Apartment. Romantic fantasies describe fantasy stories using many of the elements and conventions of the romance genre.
Romantic action is a film that blend action. Examples include Killers and Day, Mr. & Mrs. Smith, This Means War and The Bounty Hunter. Romantic thriller is a genre of film which has a storyline combining elements of the romance film and the thriller genre; some examples of romantic thriller films are The Adjustment Bureau, The Phantom of the Opera, The Tourist, The Bodyguard and Wicker Park. List of romance films AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions Romantic comedy Drama film Interracial romance film Romance novel Romance True love IMDb guide to Romance movies List of amazing romance movies Romantic Movies Database Best Romantic Movies
Vic Chou is a Taiwanese actor and singer. He is a member of the Taiwanese boy band F4. Chou rose to fame for his role as Hua Ze Lei in the popular Taiwan television series Meteor Garden. At the conclusion of the series, Chou along with the other cast members of Meteor Garden. Chou was the first F4 member to release his own album Make a Wish in January 2002; this was followed by Remember, I Love You, released in January 2004. His third album, I'm Not F4 was released in October 2007 and topped Taiwan's major charts for 3 weeks. Aside from Meteor Garden, Chou has appeared in Taiwanese series such as Poor Prince and Love Storm, considered to be "typical" idol dramas. However, with the 2004 television series Mars, Zhou took on a more complex role as a set of twins who have mental illnesses. Zhou considers a turning point in his career. In many interviews, Zhou has pinpointed this as the moment where his interest in acting was piqued. Since he has taken on multi-facted roles, such as an ambitious but lonely businessman in Silence, a cranky perfectionist in Sweet Relationship, an awkward but passionate novelist in Wish to See You Again.
In 2008, Chou embarked on his first film. In 2009, he took a departure from Taiwanese idol dramas and starred in the police drama Black & White. Zhou takes on the challenging role of an complex policeman with a past, thrown into a dangerous web of corruption. Chou was nominated for Best Actor at the 44th Golden Bell Awards for his performance in Black & White. In 2010, Chou won "Most Popular Taiwanese Actor" at the Seoul International Drama Awards; the same year, he starred in the romance film Love You 10,000 Years. The film was the 5th best-selling Chinese film in Taiwan for 2010, won "Most Popular with the Audience" at the 6th Osaka Asian Film Festival. In 2012, Chou starred alongside Ella Chen in the romance comedy film New Perfect Two. In 2013, Chou won the Golden Bell Award for Best Actor for his performance in Home, he starred in the romance film A Moment of Love with Liu Shishi. He went on to star in sequel films Don't Go Breaking My Heart 2, Go Lala Go 2, Storm. Chou returned to the small screen after five years in 2018, starring in two period dramas Beauties in the Closet and The Flame's Daughter.
He is set to star in the historical drama La Royaute alongside Liu Tao, portraying Zhao Heng. He released a photographic album in October 2002, titled Travel Dream which contains his pictures shot during one of his trips to Hokkaidō, Japan, his second photobook titled 4Faces: Taipei & Tokyo was released in October 2006. There are 4 themes: Natural Face, Cool Face, Stylish Face and Fashionable Face; the first 2 themes were shot in Taipei. Vic Chou on IMDb
Alan Ko known as Alan Kuo, is a Taiwanese singer and actor. Ko is the son of Blackie Ko Shou Liang. For his father, he had written each in one of his albums in the same number of track. "Wake Up" and "I Miss You", these two songs shows his relationship with his father, how much his father had changed him. Before starting to receive the chance to release his first album he went through a lot of hard work. First of all, he started from a guitar, up to writing lyrics; when he first entered Alpha Music, Jay Chou told him that he should know how to write his own songs, so that people would want to listen to his music, influenced by this Alan began writing his own songs. Secondly, he wrote hundreds of songs just to make the world hear his voice. For this purpose, Alan Kuo's music director requires him to edit and edit his songs, every year, every month, every week, every day, he kept on working on his songs for perfection. He edited his songs and made new songs in the six years of preparation, just for the best 12 songs for all the people anticipating for his music.
In the meantime, during the six years of hard work for his first album, his courage was being challenged, his father died of an accident, but it did not stop him. In fact he continued going after his first album, trying to show how hard he worked and to show his father in heaven; as a result, on 19 August 2005, Alan Kuo's first album came out with 12 songs that rocked the listeners, the music that shows the six years of hard work and effort he gave on his music, Alan Kuo. K. O.3an Guo Sonic Youth Y2K+01 Mars Sweet Relationship OCTB The Legend Of Wisely Life Express Happy Feet Fate L-O-V-E Goodbye May Din Tao: Leader of the Parade Fearless Hakka Love You The Rooftop Rhythm of the Rain Rookie 2007, Alan changed his Chinese name from 柯有倫 to 柯有綸. And he changed his name back to 柯有倫 again in 2011. ALAN in SONY MUSIC Alan Kuo in YesAsia Alan's Yahoo Blog
Lee Lee-zen is a Taiwanese actor, television host and singer. He began his career in 1996 as a singer, went on to make his acting debut in the television series Chrysalis. Since he has starred in television series such as The Unforgettable Memory, I Shall Succeed, Hero Daddy and Once Upon a Time in Beitou. Lee is noted for his role in the period drama series Home, for which he won a Golden Bell Award in 2013. Lee's wife is singer Matilda Tao, they have two children together. Lee Lee-zen on IMDb Lee Lee-zen on Facebook Lee Lee-zen at the Hong Kong Movie DataBase