Ibex Valley, Yukon
Ibex Valley is a hamlet in Canada's Yukon. The hamlet is considered a local advisory area with an advisory council providing local government, its population in 2001 according to the Canada 2001 Census was 315. Ibex Valley comprises residential areas along the Alaska Highway outside the Whitehorse city limits as far as historical mile 945, as well as a small number of sideroads, including a five-mile loop of the original Alaska Highway alignment from Mile 929 to 934; the hamlet is part of the Whitehorse Census Agglomeration. Seventy percent of the population is non-aboriginal. Ibex Valley has a volunteer fire department. While most residents work in Whitehorse, some residents are engaged in agriculture or wilderness tourism activities. Ibex Valley Ibex Mountain http://ca.epodunk.com/profiles/yukon-territory/ibex-valley/2001034.html
Stewart Crossing is a settlement in Yukon, Canada located on the Stewart River. It is about 179 km east of Dawson City on the Klondike Highway, near the junction with the Silver Trail, from which it is about 53 km southwest of Mayo. A Yukon government highway maintenance camp and a highway lodge are the most prominent facilities at Stewart Crossing; the settlement is named for where the Klondike Highway, crossed the Stewart River by means of a ferry from 1950 until completion of a bridge in the mid-1950s. The settlement had a population of 25 in a decrease of 28.6 % from the 2006 census. The settlement has an area of 28.75 km2 giving a population density of 0.9 inhabitants per square kilometre
Watson Lake, Yukon
Watson Lake is a town in Yukon, Canada located at mile 635 on the Alaska Highway close to the British Columbia border. The Canada 2016 Census put the population at 790, a drop of 1.5% from 802 in 2011. The town is named for Frank Watson, an American-born trapper and prospector, who settled in the area at the end of the nineteenth century. Watson Lake is near the Liard River, at the junction of the Robert Campbell Highway and the Alaska Highway; the Cassiar Highway's northern end is 22 kilometres west of Watson Lake. The town is served by the Watson Lake Airport. Watson Lake is the main centre of the small forestry industry in Yukon and has been a service centre for the mining industry for the Cassiar asbestos mine in northern British Columbia and the Cantung tungsten mine on the Yukon-Northwest Territories border in the Mackenzie Mountains. Tourist attractions in Watson Lake include the Northern Lights Centre and the much-imitated original Signpost Forest; the Signpost Forest was started in 1942 by a homesick U.
S. Army G. I. working on the Alaska Highway, who put up a sign with the name of his home town and the distance. Others followed the tradition continues to this day; as of August 2010 there are more than 76,000 signs of various types depicting locations across the world. The Signpost Forest is one of four roadside attractions featured on the first series of the Canadian Roadside Attractions Series issued by Canada Post on July 6, 2009. Watson Lake and the neighbouring Upper Liard settlement are the home of the Liard River First Nation, a member of the Kaska Dena Council; the Two Mile area north of the core of town is a concentrated area of First Nations residents, while the town extends five miles out to the turn-off of Airport Road. Like most of Yukon, Watson Lake has a subarctic climate. Watson Lake experiences annual temperature average daily highs of 21 °C in July and average daily lows of −27 °C in January. Record high temperature was 34 °C in May 1983 and the lowest was −59 °C in January 1947.
Watson Lake has more precipitation than other parts of Yukon with an average annual snowfall of 197 cm and 255 mm of rainfall, resulting in larger trees and a more viable forest industry. List of municipalities in Yukon Community Profile Town of Watson Lake Watson Lake home page Kaska Dena Council
Tombstone Territorial Park
Tombstone Territorial Park is a territorial park in the Yukon, one of three territories in Canada. It is located in central Yukon, near the southern end of the Dempster Highway, stretching from the 50.5 to the 115.0 kilometer marker. The park protects over 2100 square kilometers of rugged peaks, permafrost landforms and wildlife, including sections of the Blackstone Uplands and the Ogilvie Mountains; the Park is named for Tombstone Mountain's resemblance to a grave marker. The area is ecologically diverse, it is bisected by the divide separating waters flowing into the Yukon River and the Bering Sea from those flowing into the Mackenzie River and the Beaufort Sea. The divide is part of an igneous belt of granitic and syenitic rock, known as the Cretaceous Tombstone Suite, that stretches from Fairbanks, Alaska, to the Ross River. Multiple glaciations intruded into the region from the East, separating it from areas to the north and west, known as Beringia, that were not glaciated, creating a pocket of rugged terrain.
North of the divide, the margins of prior glaciations give way to much gentler permafrost landforms that escaped glaciation, with ice margin formations such as pingos, ice-wedge and frost mounds. The Park protects diverse flora and fauna, including five big game species Dall's sheep, two species of caribou, black bears, grizzly bears, numerous smaller mammals; the Park is a birders' delight, with about 150 bird species having been identified. Conservation efforts began in 1972. Two years Canada's Department of Indian and Northern Affairs identified an area to be protected from development, in light of the building of the Dempster Highway, to protect the views of Tombstone Mountain. By 2000 the Park was created, a legacy of the land settlement agreement with the Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in First Nation, with a mandate to preserve and enhance its "physical, biological and cultural values." The park is jointly administered by the territorial government and the Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in First Nation. Notable features are Mount Monolith, Tombstone Mountain, Glissade Pass.
The scenic attractiveness of the Park, in particular, has attracted growing numbers of visitors from all parts of the world, with tourism operators now offering excursions through, into, the Park. Numerous hiking trails intrude into the park from the Dempster corridor. Along this strip is an interpretive centre, open in summer, which provides visitors with necessary resources for accessing the backcountry and interpretive programs for understanding it, as well as several car camping sites. There are three designated backcountry campgrounds: Grizzly and Talus Lakes; the Parks most imposing feature, Mt. Tombstone, was first climbed by Martyn Williams, Jurg Hofer and Liz Hofer on June 21, 1973. Tombstone Territorial Park at Environment Yukon Tombstone Backcountry Camping and Hiking Dempster Travelogue West Adventures Itinerary
Haines Junction is a village in Yukon, Canada. It is located at Kilometre 1,632 of the Alaska Highway at its junction with the Haines Highway, hence the name of the community. According to the 2006 Census, the population was 589. Haines Junction is east of Reserve, it is a major administrative centre for the Aishihik First Nations. For around two thousand years, the Southern Tutchone people had seasonal hunting and fishing camps in the area of present-day Haines Junction; the original name of the area was "Dakwakada", a Southern Tutchone word meaning "high cache". It was common for Tutchone people to use raised log caches to store food year-round or temporarily while they hunted and fished in an area; the Haines Junction area was important for trade between the coastal and interior peoples. It lies at the interior end of the Chilkat Pass, one of only three passes that allowed travel between the coast and the interior, used extensively for trade between the coastal Tlingit and Southern Tutchone people.
The current town of Haines Junction was established in 1942 and 1943 during the construction of the Alaska Highway. In 1943, a second highway, the Haines Highway, was built to connect the Alaska Highway with the coastal town of Haines, over the Chilkat Pass. Situated at the junction of these two highways, Haines Junction was a construction camp and a supply and service centre for the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers building the highway; the 626-mile Haines–Fairbanks petroleum pipeline was constructed in 1953–55, a pumping station was built just north of Haines Junction. By road, Haines Junction is served by the Haines Highway. By air, it is served by the Haines Junction Airport; the publicised local tourist information centre, funded by Parks Canada, is only open during the peak May 25–September 25 season. Local residents and some out-of-town commentators suggest that year-round operation would boost local income levels and job opportunities, as well as increase winter tourism to the region. List of municipalities in Yukon Village of Haines Junction Champagne and Aishihik First Nations Kluane National Park and Reserve
Carmacks is a village in Yukon on the Yukon River along the Klondike Highway, at the west end of the Robert Campbell Highway from Watson Lake. The population is 493, it is the home of a Northern Tutchone-speaking people. The area around Carmacks has abundant mineral resources, including coal and gold. Various mining activities are taking place on mineral sites around Carmacks. There is a small zinc-copper mine in production near Carmacks operated by Western Silver and a gold property northwest of Carmacks in the exploration stage operated by Northern Freegold Resources based out of Whitehorse. Carmacks is situated at the confluence of the Nordenskiold and Yukon rivers 180 km north of Whitehorse and 360 km south of Dawson City on the North Klondike Highway, it is the site of one of the four bridges over the Yukon River. The Campbell Highway intersects the community and carries on to Faro, Ross River and Watson Lake, providing a gateway to the Canol Road and some of Yukon's most spectacular scenery.
The name of the settlement comes from George Washington Carmack. He created a trading post and began by engaging in commerce with local people, before opening a coal mine in the south bank of the Yukon River; the focus of his entrepreneurial energy switched a few years when he discovered gold near Dawson City. Carmacks is the only place in Yukon to enjoy the status of a Designated place; the community consists of the Village of Carmacks and the Little Salmon/Carmacks First Nation and was named after George Washington Carmack, who found coal near Tantalus Butte in 1893. Carmack built a trading post and traded with locals near the present site of Carmacks and started a coal mine on the south bank of the Yukon River. Carmack soon discovered gold in the Dawson region with Skookum Jim and Tagish Charlie a few years starting the Klondike Gold Rush. Carmacks became incorporated as a village on November 1, 1984. Carmacks is served by Klondike Highway by Carmacks Airport by air; the Carmacks Recreation Centre is at the east end of River Drive between the nursing station and visitor centre, is a community focal point for youth.
There is a youth drop in daily with a computer access, video games, table games and other activities funded by Yukon grant programs. The gymnasium is host to other sports; the Recreation Center holds a 3 lane curling rink loaded fitness gym and a full kitchen for all occasions. Carmacks has an indoor swimming pool, open to the community from June to September; every February, Carmacks hosts a checkpoint for both the long-distance Yukon Quest sled dog race and the Yukon Arctic Ultra foot/ski/bike race. Carmacks is the only community in Yukon which has the status of designated place in Canadian censuses. Carmacks has a 91.4% First Nations population the majority of which belong to the Little Salmon Carmacks First Nations. The local language of the LSCFN community is Northern Tuchone, carried on both by the elders and taught to all students at the local Tantalus Elementary/high School. List of municipalities in Yukon History of Carmacks Community Profile Little Salmon Carmacks First Nation Village of Carmacks Web Page
Whitehorse is the capital and only city of Yukon, the largest city in northern Canada. It was incorporated in 1950 and is located at kilometre 1426 on the Alaska Highway in southern Yukon. Whitehorse's downtown and Riverdale areas occupy both shores of the Yukon River, which originates in British Columbia and meets the Bering Sea in Alaska; the city was named after the White Horse Rapids for their resemblance to the mane of a white horse, near Miles Canyon, before the river was dammed. Because of the city's location in the Whitehorse valley, the climate is milder than comparable northern communities such as Yellowknife. At this latitude winter days are short and summer days have up to about 19 hours of daylight. Whitehorse, as reported by Guinness World Records, is the city with the least air pollution in the world; as of the 2016 census, the population was 25,085. Archeological research south of the downtown area, at a location known as Canyon City, has revealed evidence of use by First Nations for several thousand years.
The surrounding area had seasonal fish camps and Frederick Schwatka, in 1883, observed the presence of a portage trail used to bypass Miles Canyon. Before the Gold Rush, several different tribes passed through the area seasonally and their territories overlapped; the discovery of gold in the Klondike in August, 1896, by Skookum Jim, Tagish Charlie and George Washington Carmack set off a major change in the historical patterns of the region. Early prospectors used the Chilkoot Pass, but by July 1897, crowds of neophyte stampeders had arrived via steamship and were camping at "White Horse". By June 1898, there was a bottleneck of stampeders at Canyon City, many boats had been lost to the rapids as well as five people. Samuel Steele of the North-West Mounted Police said: "why more casualties have not occurred is a mystery to me." On their way to find gold, stampeders found copper in the "copper belt" in the hills west of Whitehorse. The first copper claims were staked by Jack McIntyre on July 6, 1898, Sam McGee on July 16, 1899.
Two tram lines were built, one 8 km stretch on the east bank of the Yukon River from Canyon City to the rapids, just across from the present day downtown, the other was built on the west bank of the river. A small settlement was developing at Canyon City but the completion of the White Pass railway to Whitehorse in 1900 put a halt to it; the White Pass and Yukon Route narrow-gauge railway linking Skagway to Whitehorse had begun construction in May 1898, by May 1899 construction had arrived at the south end of Bennett lake. Construction began again at the north end of Bennett lake to Whitehorse, it was only in June–July 1900 that construction finished the difficult Bennett lake section itself, completing the entire route. By 1901, the Whitehorse Star was reporting on daily freight volumes; that summer there were four trains per day. Though traders and prospectors were all calling the city Whitehorse, there was an attempt by the railway people to change the name to Closeleigh, this was refused by William Ogilvie, the territory's Commissioner.
Whitehorse was booming. On May 23, 1905, a small fire in the barber shop of the Windsor Hotel got out of control when the fire engine ran out of water, spreading throughout the city and causing $300,000 in damage, though no lives were lost. Robert Service participated in suppressing the flame; the White Horse Restaurant and Inn was among the buildings destroyed, after its co-founder Frederick Trump, the grandfather of Donald Trump, had sold his shares and left the city. In 1920 the first planes landed in Whitehorse and the first air mail was sent in November 1927; until 1942, rail and air were the only way to get to Whitehorse, but in 1942 the US military decided an interior road would be safer to transfer troops and provisions between Alaska and the US mainland and began construction of the Alaska Highway. The entire 2,500 km project was accomplished between March and November 1942; the Canadian portion of the highway was only returned to Canadian sovereignty after the war. The Canol pipeline was constructed to supply oil to the north with a refinery in Whitehorse.
In 1950 the city was incorporated and by 1951, the population had doubled from its 1941 numbers. On April 1, 1953, the city was designated the capital of the Yukon Territory when the seat was moved from Dawson City after the construction of the Klondike Highway. On March 21, 1957, the name was changed from White Horse to Whitehorse. Whitehorse is located at kilometre 1,425 of the Alaska Highway and is framed by three nearby mountains: Grey Mountain to the east, Haeckel Hill to the northwest and Golden Horn Mountain to the south; the rapids which were the namesake of the city have disappeared under Miles Canyon and Schwatka Lake, formed by the construction of a hydroelectricity dam in 1958. Whitehorse is the 64th largest city in Canada by area; the city limits present a near rectangular shape orientated in a NW-SE direction. Like most of Yukon, Whitehorse has a dry subarctic climate. However, because of the city's location in the Whitehorse valley, the climate is milder than other comparable northern communities such as Yellowknife.
With an average annual temperature of −0.1 °C Whitehorse is the warmest place in the Yukon. The temperature measurements for the city are taken at the airport; the Whitehorse Riverdale weather station situated at a lower elevation than the airport is warmer at 0.2 °C. At this latitude winter days are short and summer days have just over 19 hours of daylight. Whitehorse has an average daily high of 20.6 °C in