Marshall County, Illinois

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Marshall County, Illinois
Lacon Bridge-1.JPG
Lacon Bridge in the county seat
Map of Illinois highlighting Marshall County
Location in the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded January 19, 1839
Named for John Marshall
Seat Lacon
Largest city Henry
Area
 • Total 399 sq mi (1,033 km2)
 • Land 387 sq mi (1,002 km2)
 • Water 12 sq mi (31 km2), 2.9%
Population
 • (2010) 12,640
 • Density 33/sq mi (13/km2)
Congressional district 18th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.marshallcountyillinois.com

Marshall County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 12,640,[1] its county seat is Lacon.[2]

Marshall County is part of the Peoria, IL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Marshall County was formed in 1839 out of Putnam County, it was named in honor of John Marshall, Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court, who died in 1835.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 399 square miles (1,030 km2), of which 387 square miles (1,000 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (2.9%) is water.[4]

Climate and weather[edit]

Lacon, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
1.6
 
 
32
15
 
 
1.6
 
 
38
21
 
 
3.1
 
 
51
31
 
 
3.8
 
 
64
41
 
 
4.2
 
 
75
51
 
 
4.1
 
 
84
60
 
 
4.1
 
 
87
64
 
 
3.5
 
 
85
62
 
 
3.5
 
 
79
54
 
 
3
 
 
67
43
 
 
3
 
 
50
32
 
 
2.3
 
 
37
21
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Lacon have ranged from a low of 15 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −27 °F (−33 °C) was recorded in January 1999 and a record high of 103 °F (39 °C) was recorded in July 2005. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.55 inches (39 mm) in January to 4.20 inches (107 mm) in May.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18401,849
18505,180180.2%
186013,437159.4%
187016,95626.2%
188015,055−11.2%
189013,653−9.3%
190016,37019.9%
191015,679−4.2%
192014,760−5.9%
193013,023−11.8%
194013,1791.2%
195013,025−1.2%
196013,3342.4%
197013,302−0.2%
198014,4798.8%
199012,846−11.3%
200013,1802.6%
201012,640−4.1%
Est. 201611,939[6]−5.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 12,640 people, 5,161 households, and 3,549 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 32.7 inhabitants per square mile (12.6/km2). There were 5,914 housing units at an average density of 15.3 per square mile (5.9/km2).[4] The racial makeup of the county was 97.1% white, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.2% American Indian, 1.1% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.5% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 43.0% were German, 16.7% were Irish, 14.4% were English, 7.2% were Italian, 6.2% were American, and 6.1% were Polish.[12]

Of the 5,161 households, 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.7% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.2% were non-families, and 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 44.8 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $49,116 and the median income for a family was $64,781. Males had a median income of $46,793 versus $28,549 for females, the per capita income for the county was $24,991. About 6.8% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.4% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 63.3% 3,785 29.9% 1,789 6.9% 410
2012 56.1% 3,290 41.8% 2,455 2.1% 124
2008 49.5% 3,145 48.5% 3,081 1.9% 122
2004 56.7% 3,734 42.6% 2,806 0.7% 44
2000 53.2% 3,145 43.5% 2,570 3.3% 192
1996 42.9% 2,453 46.2% 2,640 10.9% 621
1992 38.4% 2,491 43.4% 2,819 18.3% 1,186
1988 56.4% 3,588 43.1% 2,742 0.6% 37
1984 62.5% 4,060 36.8% 2,386 0.7% 47
1980 64.8% 4,349 28.4% 1,903 6.8% 459
1976 60.3% 4,017 38.6% 2,570 1.1% 75
1972 67.4% 4,452 32.4% 2,141 0.1% 9
1968 58.4% 3,897 36.8% 2,455 4.9% 325
1964 47.4% 3,209 52.6% 3,561
1960 58.1% 4,150 41.8% 2,981 0.1% 7
1956 67.9% 4,764 32.0% 2,245 0.1% 5
1952 67.4% 4,850 32.5% 2,343 0.1% 8
1948 59.9% 3,785 39.8% 2,514 0.3% 19
1944 61.7% 4,195 38.2% 2,596 0.2% 10
1940 57.2% 4,527 42.3% 3,343 0.5% 40
1936 45.7% 3,544 53.5% 4,149 0.9% 67
1932 43.1% 3,166 56.3% 4,133 0.6% 46
1928 58.7% 4,029 41.2% 2,828 0.1% 8
1924 58.4% 3,776 28.4% 1,836 13.2% 853
1920 67.6% 3,734 28.4% 1,568 4.0% 221
1916 55.8% 3,579 40.5% 2,593 3.7% 238
1912 21.0% 790 44.7% 1,685 34.3% 1,293
1908 50.1% 1,893 45.4% 1,714 4.5% 169
1904 56.0% 2,190 39.5% 1,545 4.6% 178
1900 52.8% 2,210 45.6% 1,908 1.7% 69
1896 53.3% 2,216 45.4% 1,888 1.4% 57
1892 45.0% 1,590 51.9% 1,834 3.1% 110

In its early days Marshall County was a swing county, voting for winning Whig candidate William Henry Harrison in 1840 but otherwise supporting the Democratic Party until 1852, its reputation as a swing county was to be sustained with the growth of the Republican Party: it voted for the winning candidate in every election from 1852 to 1912 except 1884 and 1888.

Since World War I, Marshall has generally been a strongly Republican county. Only two Democrats – Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932 and 1936 plus Lyndon Johnson in 1964 – have gained an absolute majority in Marshall County over the past twenty-six elections, although Bill Clinton won pluralities in both his elections.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 200. 
  4. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Lacon, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. 

Coordinates: 41°02′N 89°20′W / 41.03°N 89.34°W / 41.03; -89.34