Indiana's 2nd congressional district
Indiana's 2nd congressional district is a legislative electoral area in north central Indiana. With a heavy white population, it includes Elkhart; the district is represented by Republican Jackie Walorski. Prior to 2002, the 2nd Congressional District covered east central Indiana, including most of the territory now in the 6th District. However, following the 2000 U. S. Census redistricting, the district was moved to replace most of; as of 2013. 46 LaPorte County exists in both the 2nd Congressional Districts. Within LaPorte County, one whole city. 64 Kosciusko County exists in both the 3rd Congressional districts. Half of one city, Warsaw exists in the 2nd and 3rd Congressional districts, twelve townships, Etna, Harrison, Lake, Prairie, Seward, Turkey Creek, Van Buren exist in the 2nd Congressional District, three townships, Washington, Wayne exist in the 3rd Congressional District, they are partitioned by Indiana S 1000 W35, North 200W and West 700N. LaPorte - 21,732 Elkhart - 50,949 Plymouth - 10,033 Mishawaka - 48,252 South Bend - 101,168 the City of Peru - 11,417 Wabash - 10,666 Warsaw - 13,559 North Manchester - 6,112 As of May 2015, there are five former members of the U.
S. House of Representatives from Indiana's 2nd congressional district who are living at this time. Indiana's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present Jackie Walorski Official House site
The Mayflower was an English ship that transported the first English Puritans, known today as the Pilgrims, from Plymouth, England, to the New World in 1620. There were 102 passengers, the crew is estimated to have been about 30, but the exact number is unknown; the ship has become a cultural icon in the history of the United States. The Pilgrims signed the Mayflower Compact prior to leaving the ship and establishing Plymouth Colony, a document which established a rudimentary form of democracy with each member contributing to the welfare of the community. There was a second ship named Mayflower, which made the London to Plymouth, voyage several times; the Mayflower was a square rig with a beakhead bow and high, castle-like structures fore and aft that served to protect the ship's crew and the main deck from the elements—designs that were typical with English merchant ships of the early 17th century. Her stern carried a 30-foot high, square aft-castle which made the ship difficult to sail against the wind and unable to sail well against the North Atlantic's prevailing westerlies in the fall and winter of 1620.
The Mayflower's return trip to London in April–May 1621 took less than half that time, with the same strong winds now blowing in the direction of the voyage. The exact dimensions are not known for the Mayflower, but she measured about 100 feet in length from the beak of her prow to the tip of her stern superstructure, about 25 feet at her widest point, the bottom of her keel about 12 feet below the waterline. William Bradford estimated that she had a cargo capacity of 180 tons, surviving records indicate that she could carry 180 casks holding hundreds of gallons each; the general layout of the ship was as follows: Three masts: mizzen and fore, a spritsail in the bow area. Three primary levels: main deck, gun deck, cargo hold. Aft on the main deck in the stern was the cabin for Master Christopher Jones, measuring about ten by seven feet. Forward of, the steerage room, which housed berths for the ship's officers and contained the ship's compass and whipstaff for sailing control. Forward of the steerage room was the capstan, a vertical axle used to pull in ropes or cables.
Far forward on the main deck, just aft of the bow, was the forecastle space, where the ship's cook prepared meals for the crew. The poop deck was located on the ship's highest level above the stern on the aft castle and above Master Jones' cabin. On this deck stood the poop house, ordinarily a chart room or a cabin for the master's mates on most merchant ships; the gun deck was where the passengers resided during the voyage, in a space measuring about 50 by 25 feet with a five-foot ceiling. But it was a dangerous place if there was conflict, as it had gun ports from which cannon could be run out to fire on the enemy; the gun room was in the stern area of the deck, to which passengers had no access because it was the storage space for powder and ammunition. The gun room might house a pair of stern chasers, small cannon used to fire from the ship's stern. Forward on the gun deck in the bow area was a windlass, similar in function to the steerage capstan, used to raise and lower the ship's main anchor.
There were no stairs for the passengers on the gun deck to go up through the gratings to the main deck, which they could reach only by climbing a wooden or rope ladder. Below the gun deck was the cargo hold where the passengers kept most of their food stores and other supplies, including most of their clothing and bedding, it stored the passengers' personal weapons and military equipment, such as armor, muskets and shot, bandoliers. It stored all the tools that the Pilgrims would need, as well as all the equipment and utensils needed to prepare meals in the New World; some Pilgrims loaded trade goods on board, including Isaac Allerton, William Mullins, others. There was no privy on the Mayflower. Gun deck passengers most used a bucket as a chamber pot, fixed to the deck or bulkhead to keep it from being jostled at sea; the Mayflower was armed. She had a saker cannon of about 800 pounds, two base cannons that weighed about 200 pounds and shot a 3 to 5 ounce ball, she carried at least ten pieces of ordnance on the port and starboard sides of her gun deck: seven cannons for long-range purposes, three smaller guns fired from the stern at close quarters that were filled with musket balls.
Ship's Master Jones unloaded four of the pieces to help fortify Plymouth Colony against invaders. There were 26 vessels bearing the name Mayflower in the Port Books of England during the reign of James I; the identity of Captain Jones's Mayflower is based on records from her home port, her tonnage, the master's name in 1620 in order to avoid confusion with the many other Mayflower ships. It is not known when and where the Mayflower was built, although late records designate her as "of London", she was designated in the Port Books of 1609–11 as "of Harwich" in the county of Essex, coincidentally the birthplace of Mayflower master Christopher Jones about 1570
John James Marshall was an American politician who served as the fourth Chief Justice of the United States from 1801 to 1835. Marshall remains the longest-serving chief justice and fourth-longest serving justice in Supreme Court history, he is regarded as one of the most influential justices to sit on the Supreme Court. Prior to joining the Supreme Court, Marshall served as the United States Secretary of State under President John Adams. Marshall was born in Fauquier County, Virginia in 1755. After the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, he joined the Continental Army, serving in numerous battles. During the stages of the war, he was admitted to the state bar and won election to the Virginia House of Delegates. Marshall favored the ratification of the United States Constitution, he played a major role in Virginia's ratification of that document. At the request of President Adams, Marshall traveled to France in 1797 to help bring an end to attacks on American shipping. In what became known as the XYZ Affair, the government of France refused to open negotiations unless the United States agreed to pay bribes.
After returning to the United States, Marshall won election to the United States House of Representatives and emerged as a Federalist leader in Congress. He was appointed secretary of state in 1800 after a cabinet shake-up, becoming an important figure in the Adams administration. In 1801, Adams appointed Marshall to the Supreme Court. Marshall emerged as the key figure on the court, due in large part to his personal influence with the other justices. Under his leadership, the court moved away from seriatim opinions, instead issuing a single majority opinion that elucidated a clear rule; the 1803 case of Marbury v. Madison presented the first major case heard by the Marshall Court. In his opinion for the court, Marshall upheld the principle of judicial review, whereby courts could strike down federal and state laws if they conflicted with the Constitution. Marshall's holding avoided direct conflict with the executive branch, led by Democratic-Republican President Thomas Jefferson. By establishing the principle of judicial review while avoiding an inter-branch confrontation, Marshall helped cement the position of the American judiciary as an independent and co-equal branch of government.
After 1803, many of the major decisions issued by the Marshall Court confirmed the supremacy of the federal government and the federal Constitution over the states. In Fletcher v. Peck and Dartmouth College v. Woodward, the court invalidated state actions because they violated the Contract Clause; the court's decision in McCulloch v. Maryland upheld the constitutionality of the Second Bank of the United States and established the principle that the states could not tax federal institutions; the cases of Martin v. Hunter's Lessee and Cohens v. Virginia established that the Supreme Court could hear appeals from state courts in both civil and criminal matters. Marshall's opinion in Gibbons v. Ogden established that the Commerce Clause bars states from restricting navigation. In the case of Worcester v. Georgia, Marshall held that the federal government had the sole power to deal with Native Americans, he ordered the release of prisoners held by the state of Georgia. President Andrew Jackson refused to enforce the order, but his administration avoided a confrontation with the Marshall Court by arranging for the pardon of the prisoners.
Marshall died in 1835, Jackson appointed Roger Taney as his successor. John Marshall was born on September 24, 1755 in a log cabin in Germantown, a rural community on the Virginia frontier, close to present-day near Midland, Fauquier County. In the mid-1760s, the Marshalls moved west to the present-day site of Virginia, his parents were Thomas Marshall and Mary Randolph Keith, the granddaughter of politician Thomas Randolph of Tuckahoe and a first cousin of U. S. President Thomas Jefferson. Despite her ancestry, Mary was shunned by the Randolph family because her mother, Mary Isham Randolph, had eloped with a man believed beneath her station in life. After his death, Mary Isham Randolph married a Scottish minister. Thomas Marshall was employed in Fauquier County as a surveyor and land agent by Lord Fairfax, which provided him with a substantial income. Nonetheless, John Marshall grew up in a two-room log cabin, which he shared with his parents and several siblings. One of his younger brothers, James Markham Marshall, would serve as a federal judge.
Marshall was a first cousin of U. S. Senator Humphrey Marshall. From a young age, Marshall was noted for his good humor and black eyes, which were "strong and penetrating, beaming with intelligence and good nature". With the exception of one year of formal schooling, during which time he befriended future president James Monroe, Marshall did not receive a formal education. Encouraged by his parents, the young Marshall read reading works such as William Blackstone's Commentaries on the Laws of England and Alexander Pope's An Essay on Man, he was tutored by the Reverend James Thomson, a ordained deacon from Glasgow, who resided with the Marshall family in return for his room and board. Marshall was influenced by his father, of whom he wrote, "to his care I am indebted for anything valuable which I may have acquired in my youth, he was my only intelligent companion. Thomas Marshall prospered in his work as a surveyor, in the 1770s he purchased an estate known as Oak Hill. After the 1775 Battles of Lexington and Concord and John Marshall volunteered for service in the 3rd Virginia Regiment.
In 1776, Marshall became a lieutenant in the Eleventh Vi
Methodism known as the Methodist movement, is a group of related denominations of Protestant Christianity which derive their inspiration from the life and teachings of John Wesley. George Whitefield and John's brother Charles Wesley were significant early leaders in the movement, it originated as a revival movement within the 18th-century Church of England and became a separate denomination after Wesley's death. The movement spread throughout the British Empire, the United States, beyond because of vigorous missionary work, today claiming 80 million adherents worldwide. Wesley's theology focused on the effect of faith on the character of a Christian. Distinguishing Methodist doctrines include the new birth, an assurance of salvation, imparted righteousness, the possibility of perfection in love, the works of piety, the primacy of Scripture. Most Methodists teach that Jesus Christ, the Son of God, died for all of humanity and that salvation is available for all; this teaching rejects the Calvinist position that God has pre-ordained the salvation of a select group of people.
However and several other early leaders of the movement were considered Calvinistic Methodists and held to the Calvinist position. Methodism emphasises charity and support for the sick, the poor, the afflicted through the works of mercy; these ideals are put into practice by the establishment of hospitals, soup kitchens, schools to follow Christ's command to spread the gospel and serve all people. The movement has a wide variety of forms of worship, ranging from high church to low church in liturgical usage. Denominations that descend from the British Methodist tradition are less ritualistic, while American Methodism is more so, the United Methodist Church in particular. Methodism is known for its rich musical tradition, Charles Wesley was instrumental in writing much of the hymnody of the Methodist Church. Early Methodists were drawn from all levels of society, including the aristocracy, but the Methodist preachers took the message to labourers and criminals who tended to be left outside organised religion at that time.
In Britain, the Methodist Church had a major effect in the early decades of the developing working class. In the United States, it became the religion of many slaves who formed black churches in the Methodist tradition; the Methodist revival began with a group of men, including John Wesley and his younger brother Charles, as a movement within the Church of England in the 18th century. The Wesley brothers founded the "Holy Club" at the University of Oxford, where John was a fellow and a lecturer at Lincoln College; the club met weekly and they systematically set about living a holy life. They were accustomed to receiving Communion every week, fasting abstaining from most forms of amusement and luxury and visited the sick and the poor, as well as prisoners; the fellowship were branded as "Methodist" by their fellow students because of the way they used "rule" and "method" to go about their religious affairs. John, leader of the club, took the attempted mockery and turned it into a title of honour.
In 1735, at the invitation of the founder of the Georgia Colony, General James Oglethorpe, both John and Charles Wesley set out for America to be ministers to the colonists and missionaries to the Native Americans. Unsuccessful in their work, the brothers returned to England conscious of their lack of genuine Christian faith, they looked for help to other members of the Moravian Church. At a Moravian service in Aldersgate on 24 May 1738, John experienced what has come to be called his evangelical conversion, when he felt his "heart strangely warmed", he records in his journal: "I felt I did trust in Christ alone, for salvation. Charles had reported a similar experience a few days previously. Considered a pivotal moment, Daniel L. Burnett writes: "The significance of Wesley's Aldersgate Experience is monumental … Without it the names of Wesley and Methodism would be nothing more than obscure footnotes in the pages of church history."The Wesley brothers began to preach salvation by faith to individuals and groups, in houses, in religious societies, in the few churches which had not closed their doors to evangelical preachers.
John Wesley came under the influence of the Dutch theologian Jacobus Arminius. Arminius had rejected the Calvinist teaching that God had pre-ordained an elect number of people to eternal bliss while others perished eternally. Conversely, George Whitefield, Howell Harris, Selina Hastings, Countess of Huntingdon were notable for being Calvinistic Methodists. George Whitefield, returning from his own mission in Georgia, joined the Wesley brothers in what was to become a national crusade. Whitefield, a fellow student of the Wesleys at Oxford, became well known for his unorthodox, itinerant ministry, in which he was dedicated to open-air preaching—reaching crowds of thousands. A key step in the development of John Wesley's ministry was, like Whitefield, to preach in fields and churchyards to those who did not attend parish church services. Accordingly, many Methodist converts were those disconnected from the Church of England. Faced with growing evangelistic and pastoral responsibilities and Whitefield appointed lay preachers and leaders.
Kosciusko County, Indiana
Kosciusko County is a county located in the U. S. state of Indiana. Census 2010 recorded the population at 77,358; the county seat is Warsaw. The county was formed in 1836, it was named after the Polish general Tadeusz Kościuszko who served in the American Revolutionary War and returned to Poland. The county seat is named after the capital of Poland. According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 554.39 square miles, of which 531.38 square miles is land and 23.01 square miles is water. Elkhart County Noble County Whitley County Wabash County Fulton County Marshall County U. S. Route 30 Indiana State Road 10 Indiana State Road 13 Indiana State Road 14 Indiana State Road 15 Indiana State Road 19 Indiana State Road 25 KASW - Warsaw Municipal Airport KC03 - Nappannee Municipal Airport Times-UnionThe Mail-JournalThe PAPERInk Free News Warsaw In recent years, average temperatures in Warsaw have ranged from a low of 15 °F in January to a high of 82 °F in July, although a record low of −25 °F was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 103 °F was recorded in July 1976.
Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.45 inches in February to 4.51 inches in June. The county government is a constitutional body, is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, by the Indiana Code. County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts; the council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, special spending; the council has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax, subject to state level approval, excise taxes, service taxes. Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners; the commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners the most senior, serves as president; the commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.
Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The county maintains a Circuit and Superior Court; the judge on each court must be a member of the Indiana bar. County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, auditor, recorder and circuit court clerk Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county. Kosciusko County is part of Indiana's 3rd congressional district and in 2008 was represented by Mark Souder in the United States Congress, it is part of Indiana Senate districts 9, 13, 17 and 18 and Indiana House of Representatives districts 18, 22 and 23. Elected officials: Kyle Dukes - Sheriff Daniel Hampton - Prosecutor Susan Engelberth - Assessor Michelle Puckett - Auditor Ann Torpy - Clerk Joetta Mitchell - County Recorder Sue Ann Mitchell - Treasurer Ronald Truex - Middle District Commissioner Robert M. Conley - Southern District Commissioner Bradford Jackson, President - Northern District Commissioner Michael Wilson, Certified Death Investigator, CoronerKosciusko County is a Republican Party stronghold in presidential elections.
Woodrow Wilson in 1912 & Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1936 are the only two Democratic Party candidates to win the county from 1888 to the present day. Tippecanoe Valley School Corporation Triton School Corporation Warsaw Community Schools Wawasee Community School Corporation Whitko Community School Corporation Wa-Nee Community Schools As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 77,358 people, 29,197 households, 20,740 families residing in the county; the population density was 145.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 37,038 housing units at an average density of 69.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 93.3% white, 0.8% Asian, 0.7% black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 3.4% from other races, 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 7.3% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 33.5% were German, 11.5% were Irish, 10.8% were English, 8.2% were American. Of the 29,197 households, 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.0% were non-families, 23.9% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.07. The median age was 37.7 years. The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $56,305. Males had a median income of $44,358 versus $29,320 for females; the per capita income for the county was $24,019. About 7.0% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.5% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over. Chris Schenkel, former Sportscaster for ABC Sports. Resided in Leesburg, Indiana. National Register of Historic Places listings in Kosciusko County, Indiana Kosciusko County Kosciusko County Chamber of Commerce Kosciusko County Convention and Visitors Bureau
Osawatomie is a city in Miami County, United States, 61 miles southwest of Kansas City. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 4,447, it derives its name from two streams nearby, the Osage and Potawatomie. Osawatomie's name is a compound of two primary Native American Indian tribes from the area, the Osage and Pottawatomie. In addition, the town is bordered by Pottawatomie Creek and the Marais des Cygnes River, which are named for the two tribes; the Emigrant Aid Society's transport of settlers to the Kansas Territory as a base for Free State forces played a key role in the establishment of the community of Osawatomie in October 1854. Settled by abolitionists in hopes of aiding Kansas' entry to the United States as a free state, the community of Osawatomie and pro slavery communities nearby were engaged in violence. In March 1855, abolitionists Rev. Samuel Adair and his wife Florella settled in a cabin near Osawatomie to serve as missionaries to the community. Florella's half-brother, John Brown came to "Bleeding Kansas" the same year with a wagon of guns in order to help fight the pro slavery forces like his five sons, who were living in another community in the area.
Brown came to Osawatomie to visit the Adairs and fight pro slavery forces there. By 1856, having established himself as a leader of free state guerillas, Brown made Osawatomie and the Adair cabin his base. In a raid in May 1856, Brown killed five pro slavery men along Pottawatomie Creek near the current town of Lane, Kansas; this was referred to as the "Pottawatomie massacre", which inflamed the fighting throughout the Kansas Territory. The second and main Battle of Osawatomie took place on August 30, 1856. Osawatomie played a key role throughout the Civil War. By 1857 Osawatomie had grown to a town of 800 and in 1859 hosted the first convention of the Kansas Republican Party. In recognition for Osawatomie's part in ensuring Kansas remained a free state, the Kansas Legislature established the Osawatomie State Mental Hospital in 1863, the first mental hospital west of the Mississippi River, it admitted its first patient in 1866, is still operational. By 1879, a railroad was built to serve Osawatomie, aiding its growth into a supply town and a main shipping point.
As a result, Osawatomie grew to a population of 4,046 by 1910. Osawatomie was a division point for the Missouri Pacific Railroad and the Union Pacific Railroad from 1879 to 1985. Osawatomie in 1890 became a second-class city; the commission form of government was adopted in 1914. The first skirmish in Osawatomie took place on June 7, 1856. However, there was not much of a fight, no blood was shed; the town's buildings were plundered, some horses were taken. The larger, main conflict known as the Battle of Osawatomie began August 30, 1856 as John Brown was camped just north Osawatomie and looking east for pro-slavery forces. A pro-slavery force of 250, led by John William Reid, came riding into Osawatomie from another direction. One of John Brown's sons Frederick Brown was walking to the Adair cabin at the time, was shot; when Reverend Adair heard the shot, he sent his own son to notify John Brown of the raid. Brown and 31 of the free state guerillas took positions to attempt to defend Osawatomie.
Heavy gunfire took place for over 45 minutes, until his men ran out of ammunition. They retreated hoping they would be chased, the community of Osawatomie would be left alone. However, despite the attempts of Brown to get Reid's men to follow, they instead looted and burned Osawatomie. Only three buildings remained standing. On August 31, 1910, President Theodore Roosevelt gave his famous New Nationalism speech in Osawatomie; the central issue he argued was government protection of human property rights. On December 6, 2011, President Barack Obama gave an economic speech reprising many of Roosevelt's themes at Osawatomie High School. Osawatomie is located at 38°30′6″N 94°57′3″W, along the Marais des Cygnes River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.11 square miles, of which, 5.00 square miles is land and 0.11 square miles is water. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Osawatomie has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
As of the census of 2010, there were 4,447 people, 1,644 households, 1,075 families residing in the city. The population density was 889.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,891 housing units at an average density of 378.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 92.3% White, 3.1% African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.9% from other races, 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.9% of the population. There were 1,644 households of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.2% had a male householder with no wife present, 34.6% were non-families. 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.09. The median age in the city was 34.6 years. 28.6% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.0% male and 52.0% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,645 peo
Elkhart County, Indiana
Elkhart County is a county in the U. S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the county's population was 197,559; the county seat is Goshen. Elkhart County in part of the Elkhart-Goshen Metropolitan Statistical Area, which in turn is part of the South Bend-Elkhart-Mishawaka Combined Statistical Area, it is considered part of the broader region of Northern Indiana known as Michiana, is 20 miles east of South Bend, Indiana, 110 miles east of Chicago, 150 miles north of Indianapolis, Indiana. The area is referred to by locals as the recreation vehicle capital of the world and is known for its sizable Amish and Old Order Mennonite population. For the latter reason, the county teams with neighboring LaGrange County to promote tourism by referring to the area as Northern Indiana Amish Country. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, the area now within Elkhart County boundaries was inhabited by the Potawatomi tribe. Pioneers began settling in the Elkhart Prairie in 1829 and in April 1830, Elkhart County was established with its original county seat in Dunlap.
After some reorganizing of the county borders, the seat was moved to Goshen near the geographical center of the county. Elkhart County was founded by immigrants from New England; these were old-stock "Yankee" immigrants, descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the 1600s. The completion of the Erie Canal in 1821 caused a surge in immigration from New England to what was the Northwest Territory; the end of the Black Hawk War in 1832 increased the immigration surge of immigration, again coming from New England as a result of overpopulation combined with land shortages in that region. Some of these settlers were from upstate New York, whose relatives had moved to that region from New England shortly after the American Revolutionary War. New Englanders and New England transplants from upstate New York were the vast majority of Elkhart County's inhabitants during the first several decades of its history; these settlers were members of the Congregational Church though due to the Second Great Awakening many of them had converted to Methodism and some had become Baptists before moving west.
The Congregational Church subsequently has gone through many divisions and some factions, including those in Elkhart County are now known as the Church of Christ and the United Church of Christ. As a result of this heritage, most of Elkhart County supported the abolitionist movement before the American Civil War. Elkhart County provided substantial numbers of recruits for the Union Army. During the end of the nineteenth century and German migrants came to Elkhart County, although most did not come directly from Europe, but had stopped in other areas in the Midwest, such as Ohio; the origin of "Elkhart" is not known. Three theories have been proposed: a) the area was named after a native tribe. Although this theory is carried on the city's website, simple logic throws doubt on this possibility. C) The county was named after the Shawnee Indian chief Elkhart, cousin of the famous Chief Tecumseh, father of princess Mishawaka. According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 467.97 square miles, of which 463.17 square miles is land and 4.80 square miles is water.
The county sits in rural farmland with some rolling hills in its northeast corner. Those hills are part of the St. Lawrence Seaway Continental Divide; the St. Joseph River, which flows from Michigan, across the Michigan border north of Bristol, is the main waterway in Elkhart County; the Elkhart River enters the county east of Millersburg and winds its way through Goshen and Dunlap to Island Park in Elkhart where it meets the St. Joseph; the Little Elkhart River flows into the county southeast of Middlebury and creates some scenic views in Bonneyville Mills County Park before emptying into the St. Joseph near Bristol. Numerous creeks wind their way through the countryside and several lakes, including Simonton Lake, dot the landscape. Fifteen unincorporated communities exist in the county, they are Benton, Bonneyville Mills, Foraker, Garden Village, Locke, New Paris, Simonton Lake, Southwest and Waterford Mills. St. Joseph County, Michigan LaGrange County Noble County Kosciusko County Marshall County St. Joseph County Cass County, Michigan Elkhart Goshen Nappanee Bristol Middlebury Millersburg New Paris Wakarusa Dunlap Simonton Lake Elkhart County is known as "The RV Capital of the World" because of its substantial recreational vehicle-based economy.
Farming plays a big role in the local economy. Tourism boosts the county's economy. Destinations such as Das Dutchman Essenhaus in Middlebury and Amish Acres in Nappanee along with annual events such as the Elkhart Jazz Festival, the Amish Acres Arts & Crafts Festival, the Elkhart County 4-H Fair draw thousands of tourists annually; the Fair is the second largest county fair in the United States. In recent years, average temperatures in Goshen have ranged from a low of 17 °F in January to a high of 85 °F in July, although a record low of −24 °F was recorded in January 1984 and a record high of 102 °F was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.77 inches in February to 4.05 inches in June. The county is led by a board of three elected commissioners that serve as the executive branch of county government; the board serves as the legi