Dr. Garry Conille is a Haitian academic, development worker and former Prime Minister of Haiti, he submitted his resignation as prime minister on 24 February 2012 and was succeeded by Laurent Lamothe on 16 May 2012. Garry Conille is the second of a family of four brothers, he is the son of Marie Antoinette Darbouze and Dr. Serge Conille, former Minister of Sports and Youth in the Duvalier government, he is married to Betty Rousseau, the step daughter of Marc Bazin, a former Prime Minister of Haiti and has twin girls and Gaelle. Betty and her twin sister Kathy are Bazin's daughters from his wife Marie Yolène Sam) first mariage. At the age of 14, he played soccer in the 2nd division of Haiti, he is a music and arts master and performed at Carnegie Hall, in New York at the age of five. After graduating from Collège Canado-Haïtien and the Faculty of Medecine and Pharmacy of University of Haiti, Garry Conille obtained an MA in Political and Health Administration, as a fellow of the Fulbright Scholar Program at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Afterwards, he received a certificate of specialty in Gynecology and Obstetrics at Isaïe Jeanty maternity and a PH. D. in Medicine at the University of Haiti. Between July 1994 and June 1998, at the Haitian Association for the National Development, he developed and implemented a primary care system that provided basic health care in poor areas of Haiti. In August 1999, as an evaluation consultant, Garry Conille was responsible for the impact assessment of the Albert Schweitzer Hospital, an NGO in the field of community development, providing community care to over 260,000 people in Artibonite. Between the years 2000 - 2004, he created and hosted at Radio Vision 2000 the first national interactive program focused on issues related to reproductive and sexual health. Garry Conille began his career with the United Nations in 1999, as project officer programme officer at United Nations Population Fund Haiti. Between October 2002 and May 2004, he was technical advisor at Population Services International Haiti.
In May 2004, he became an international official inside the United Nations system. Until January 2006, he was technical advisor of countries sub-regional technical advisor for UNFPA, Division Africa/Ethiopia. In this capacity, he was responsible for providing technical assistance and for ensuring capacity building in key areas of population and health reproduction. In January - December 2006 he worked in a different field of the UN, as Technical Advisor for the Project Millennium Development Goals of the United Nations. In January 2007, Conille returned to UNFPA as Chief Technical Advisor for the Africa region and Global Program Coordinator for the security of inputs into reproductive health. From September 2008 until his special assignment in Haiti, Garry Conille worked as team leader of the MDG Unit. Here he organized jointly with UNDESA the process of preparing the report of the Secretary General on the MDGs, presented at the 2010 G8 Summit and with the International Monetary Fund, the preparation of Gleneagles scenarios in more than a dozen African countries.
In the wake of Haiti's 2010 earthquake, he was requested by the Administrator of UNDP and the UN Secretary General to assume the duties of head office of the Special Envoy of the Secretary General of the United Nations for Haiti. Conille worked with the Haitian government, the representation of the United Nations in Haiti and the main donors to develop and implement a strategic plan for the reconstruction of Haiti, he was involved in coordinating the humanitarian response and in the establishment of the Interim Haiti Recovery Commission, the central structure of the reconstruction. In June 2011 he resumed his work at UNDP as Resident Representative and Humanitarian Coordinator in Niger. By the end of August 2011, unofficial comments of Haitian politicians indicated that Garry Conille might be the next nomination for the post of Prime Minister. On 5 September, he received the official designation for this office from the President Michel Martelly; this would be the third nomination after Jean-Max Bellerive's resignation on 15 May 2011 and the subsequent rejections by the Senate of the nominees Daniel Rouzier and Bernard Gousse.
Conille's nomination faces questions regarding his recent residency, as to whether he fulfills the requirement, prescribed in the Constitution of Haiti, of having resided in the country for five consecutive years prior to ratification. The president countered this argument by saying that Conille was exempt from the residency requirement because he had been working for the United Nations, paying taxes to the United Nations for Haiti; the review and ratification process of his nomination began on 8 September 2011. Chamber Deputies approved his appointment in a unanimous vote. On October 5, 2011, the Haitian Parliament confirmed Garry Conille's appointment as Prime Minister, making him the 16th and the youngest Prime Minister under the current 1987 Constitution of the country. Conille resigned on February 2012, following a loss of confidence in him from his ministers, he had clashed with ministers and Martelly over several issues, most a parliamentary investigation into government officials who hold dual nationality, illegal in Haiti.
Martelly refused to comply with the investigation, stating the executive branch did not have to comply with the investigation. Some ministers cooperated with the investigation; when Conille called a meeting with ministers to discuss the matter, none appeared. That incident demonstrated their lack of confidence and triggered
Jacques Nicolas Léger
Jacques Nicolas Léger was a Haitian lawyer and diplomat. Léger was born at Les Cayes, Haiti, in 1859, he received his early education in Haiti, as a young man went to Paris, where he continued his higher studies and received his legal training. His father had been a member of the Haitian senate and a statesman of note, so that young Léger began to take an active part in the politics of his country at an early age. In 1881, when only 22 years old, he was made secretary of the Haitian legation in Paris, a little upon the abrupt resignation of Minister Charles Séguy Villevaleix, the young secretary was made charge d'affaires. Upon his return to Haiti, he resumed the practice of law at Port-au-Prince, became editor-in-chief of an influential political journal. In 1890 he was made chief of a division in the department of foreign affairs, in 1892 became one of the founders of the Société de Législation of Port-au-Prince becoming its president, he was made president of the Order of Barristers of Port-au-Prince and was subsequently made a member of the permanent court of arbitration at The Hague.
Having been elected as a member of the Chamber of Deputies of Haiti, Léger took high rank in that legislative body, serving as chairman of the committee of foreign affairs and as a member of the judiciary committee. In 1896 he was appointed envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of Haiti at Washington, a post he held for nearly 13 years. While serving in this post, he was appointed as the delegate from Haiti to the Second Pan American Congress, thereafter made vice chairman of the committee on regulations for the Third International Conference; as a member of the governing board of the Pan American Union he served on many important committees. In 1911 he was appointed minister of foreign affairs of his country, a post he held until May 1913, to which he was recalled by President Oreste Zamor in 1914. Upon his retirement from public office Léger resumed his legal and literary work, for which he gained renown that extended far beyond Haiti; as a writer his most important work was in the lines of law and history, his best known published works being: "Haiti et la Révision" "La Politique Extérieure d'Haiti" "Recueil des Traités et Conventions de la République d'Haiti" "Code de Procédure Civile d'Haiti" "Haiti: Her History and Her Detractors" He died at Port-au-Prince on February 5, 1918
Michèle Duvivier Pierre-Louis is a Haitian politician, Prime Minister of Haiti from September 2008 to November 2009. She was Haiti's second female Prime Minister, after Claudette Werleigh, who served from 1995 to 1996. Pierre-Louis has been the Executive Director of the Knowledge and Freedom Foundation, a non-governmental organization financed by George Soros, since 1995. In June 2008 Pierre-Lous was nominated as Prime Minister by President René Préval, after Préval's two previous nominees were rejected by the Chamber of Deputies, her nomination was approved by the Chamber of Deputies on 17 July 2008, with 61 votes in favor, one opposed, 20 abstentions. It was approved by the Senate on 31 July, with 12 votes in 5 abstentions and none opposed, her political programme and government still had to be approved by the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. Préval announced the composition of the new government on 25 August. Pierre-Louis was appointed as Minister of Justice and Public Security, in addition to serving as Prime Minister.
The government was to have been installed on 26 August, but this was delayed due to the impact of Hurricane Gustav. Pierre-Louis' political programme and government were approved by the Chamber of Deputies and subsequently by the Senate on 5 September 2008, following extended negotiations. 16 votes were needed in the Senate. There were no opposing votes; this vote occurred as Haiti was ravaged by the effects of Hurricane Hanna and Hurricane Ike, presenting a daunting challenge to Pierre-Louis and her government. The British weekly news and international affairs publication The Economist referred to Pierre-Louis in their publication "The World in Figures 2010", writing: Long known as the poorest country in the Western hemisphere, Haiti has stumbled from one crisis to another since the Duvalier years, but under its prime minister, Michèle Pierre-Louis, the country has an opportunity to make substantial and sustainable gains in both economics and politics. Her domestic achievements are considerable, holding together a diverse coalition and quelling a determined opposition.
Abroad, she has worked well with international leaders and won some influential friends, including Bill Clinton, a former US president. The tenure of Ms Pierre-Louis, whose social-activist brother-in-law was assassinated in 1998, may conceivably mark a turning-point in the country's long battle with extreme poverty, bloody confrontation and deep-rooted social injustice. Article. After a year senators from Préval's party complained that people's living standards were not improving. Others thought it was unfair to place the blame on Pierre-Louis for 200 years of poverty and social inequality, but the prime minister and her cabinet were voted down and out on 11 November 2009. In the wake of the 2010 Haiti earthquake Pierre-Louis wrote a piece for the Huffington Post outlining her vision for a three-phase plan for the community: rescue and reconstruction. Open Society Foundations, Women’s Rights Program, Member of the Advisory Board "The Elites Are Like a Huge Elephant Sitting on Haiti" Michael Deibert interviews Haitian Prime Minister Michèle Pierre-Louis
Evans Paul known as Compère Plume. He was elected mayor of Port-au-Prince in the 1990 elections that brought Jean-Bertrand Aristide's National Front for Change and Democracy party to power, he made an unsuccessful run for President of Haiti in the 2006 elections under the Democratic Alliance Party banner. He was leader of the Convergence Démocratique prior to the 2004 Haitian coup d'état which overthrew Aristide. On December 25, 2014, President Michel Martelly announced Evans Paul as Haiti's new prime minister. On February 2, 2016, he resigned, he remained in his position due to an agreement signed on 6 February, until a prime minister could be reached by consensus and an interim president could be elected by Parliament for a 120-day term. He used to host the program "Plume" on Radio Caraïbes from 1974 to 1976, hence where he had gotten his nickname
Thomas Madiou was a Haitian historian. His work Histoire d'Haïti is the first complete history of Haiti from 1492 to 1846, it is considered one of the most valuable documents of Haitian literature. Born in Port-au-Prince to "fairly affluent parents", Madiou left Haiti at the age ten to study in France at the Royal College of Angers, he studied in Rennes and received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Letters there. He attended the Law School of Paris for two years before returning to Haiti. During his time in France, Madiou met Isaac Louverture, the son of Haiti's revolutionary hero Toussaint Louverture; this encounter sparked Madiou's interest in his country's past, he returned to Haiti with the intention to write its history. Over a decade Madiou published three volumes covering Haiti's history from 1492 to 1807 with the Port-au-Prince publisher J. Courtois. A fourth volume appeared as part of Haiti's centennial in 1904. 150 years after the text's initial printing, the Haitian publishing house, Henri Deschamps, published the complete history, eight volumes spanning 1492 to 1846.
In Histoire d'Haïti, Madiou continued the work of earlier Haitian authors to combat racialized portrayals of Haiti's past, in particular the country's founding. He saw himself filling a crucial void by writing the first complete national history by a Haitian author; the history was valuable not only for Haitians but all members of the African Diaspora. To construct, his multi-volume history, Madiou relied upon French written sources, he interviewed aging revolutionary veterans during his travels across the country with General Joseph Balthazar Inginac, the secretary-general for Haiti's longest serving nineteenth-century president, Jean-Pierre Boyer. His history tried to repair the reputation of the black leaders of the Haitian Revolution Toussaint Louverture, portraying the struggle as a justified rebellion against the terrible oppression of slavery; this placed his work in contrast to the history written by Beaubrun Ardouin, appearing a few years after Madiou's, which tried to place the Haitian Revolution in the context of the other independence struggles in Latin America and deny it a class or racial character.
Ardouin was trying to make Haiti fit into the community of nations in the Americas in the 1830s while Madiou was stressing what made Haiti unique. In addition to his writing, Madiou served in various government positions, including director of the national high school and minister plenipotentiary to Spain, he worked as Director of Le Moniteur, the official government publication, was a contributor to Haiti's small but vibrant press. Lescouflair, Arthur. Thomas Madiou: Homme d'état et historien haïtien. Instituto Panamericano de Geografía e Historia. Schutt-Ainé, Patricia. Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. P. 92. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0. Trouillot, Ernst. Historiographie d'Haïti. Instituto Panamericano de Geografía e Historia. Thomas Madiou, Histoire d'Haiti, Port-au-Prince: Impr. de J. Courtois, OCLC 6413840. V.1, 1492-1799 v.2, 1799-1803 v.3, 1803-1807
Florence Duperval Guillaume
Florence Duperval Guillaume, a Haitian politician, is Haiti's Minister of Public Health and Population, was Acting Prime Minister of Haiti from 20 December 2014 to 16 January 2015
Gérard Latortue was the Prime Minister of Haïti from March 12, 2004 to June 9, 2006. He was an official in the United Nations for many years, served as foreign minister of Haïti during the short-lived 1988 administration of Leslie Manigat. In February 2004, the country experienced a coup d'état which saw the removal and exile of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide. Latortue was selected by the Council and appointed head of the interim government on March 9 while still living in the United States, was sworn in on March 12, his administration was recognized by the United Nations, the United States and The European Union and denied recognition by a few governments, including the governments of Jamaica and St Kitts and Nevis and Cuba, as well as the African Union. Furthermore, his Government was beset with opposition from the Fanmi Lavalas political party; the 2006 elections in Haiti, to replace the interim government of Gérard Latortue put in place after the 2004 Haitian coup d'état, were delayed four times after having been scheduled for October and November 2005.
The elections took place on February 7, 2006. The 129 member Haitian parliament was elected at this election. Run-off elections for the Chamber of Deputies of Haiti were held on 21 April 2006. In June 2006, Latortue was succeeded by Jacques-Édouard Alexis. Latortue was the head of the observer mission of La Francophonie in Togo for that country's October 2007 parliamentary election. Official website