Redondo Beach station
Redondo Beach is an elevated light rail station on the Los Angeles County Metro Rail. It is served by the Green Line. Located on Marine Avenue in Redondo Beach, California, it is the western terminus of the Green Line; the station platforms are situated above Marine Avenue. The original name for the station was Marine/Redondo; the station was rebranded as Redondo Beach station in 2005, when the station signs were changed on the platform and on street level. An extension beyond Redondo Beach into Torrance is the planning stages; the station is notable for its appearance as the light rail station in the opening montage to the 1995 film Heat. The station appeared in the closing moments of another film directed by Michael Mann, Collateral. Green Line service hours are from 5:00 a.m. until 12:45 a.m. daily. Metro Local: 126, 215 LADOT Commuter Express: 438, 574 Lawndale Beat: Residential, Express Beach Cities Transit: 102 Gardena Transit: 1X Media related to Redondo Beach at Wikimedia Commons Metro website
Baldwin Hills, Los Angeles
Baldwin Hills is a neighborhood within the South Los Angeles region of Los Angeles California. It is home to Village Green, a National Historic Landmark. Baldwin Hills is bounded by La Cienega Boulevard to the west, Crenshaw Boulevard to the east, Stocker Street to the south and Rodeo Road to the north with Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard forming the northeast dividing line between Baldwin Hills and Crenshaw Manor, it is bordered on the west by Culver City and it shares the eastern border of Crenshaw Boulevard with Leimert Park. The namesake mountain range is part of the neighborhood. Baldwin Hills and other surrounding geography are named for the famous 19th century horse racing and land development pioneer, Elias J. "Lucky" Baldwin. Ran historic early 19th century eastern hills Rancho land grant. Sanchez Adobe de Rancho La Cienega o Paso de la Tijera; the adobe was once the center of the rancho. In the 1920s, an addition was built linking the structures and the building was converted into a larger clubhouse for the Sunset Golf Course.
Rancho Rincon de los Bueyes: original early 19th century western section Rancho land grant. The 1932 Los Angeles Olympics housed athletes at the Olympic Village in Baldwin Hills, it was the site of the first Olympic Village built, for the 1932 Los Angeles Summer Olympic Games. Built for male athletes only, the village consisted of several hundred buildings, including post and telegraph offices, an amphitheater, a hospital, a fire department, a bank. Female athletes were housed at the Chapman Park Hotel on Wilshire Boulevard; the Olympic Village was demolished after the Summer Olympic Games. On December 14, 1963, a crack appeared in the Baldwin Hills Dam impounding the Baldwin Hills Reservoir. Within a few hours, water rushing through the crack eroded the earthen dam widening the crack until the dam failed catastrophically at 3:38 pm. Although the area had been evacuated after the crack had been discovered, several homes were destroyed, most of Baldwin Vista and the historic Village Green community were flooded.
The dam's failure was determined to be the result of subsidence, caused by overexploitation of the Inglewood Oil Field. The dam's failure prompted the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power to close and drain other small local reservoirs with similar designs, such as the Silver Lake Reservoir; the Baldwin Hills Dam was not rebuilt—instead, the empty reservoir was demolished, filled with earth and converted to Kenneth Hahn Regional Park. During the summer of 1985, a brush fire along La Brea Avenue spread up the canyon towards the homes along Don Carlos Drive in Baldwin Hills Estates. Many homes were destroyed despite the efforts of the Los Angeles Fire Department to suppress the flames; the fire destroyed 69 homes. Neighborhoods within Baldwin Hills include: Baldwin Hills Estates is locally known as "The Dons", because all but one street begins with the formal title of Los Angeles' original land holders; the oldest two streets in the Dons are Don Mariano Drive. Old maps show those streets with the names Maryann.
Susan B. Miller High School has called its student body The Dorsey Dons and Donnas after this neighborhood; the neighborhood is east of La Brea, southwest of Santo Tomas Drive, south of the Jim Gilliam Recreation Center and north of Stocker Street). It is sometimes called "the Black Beverly Hills"; the neighborhood is characterized by hillside houses with swimming pools, modern condominiums. Baldwin Vista is north of Coliseum Street and west of the major thoroughfare, La Brea Avenue, with smaller homes and a more secluded ambience. Village Green named Baldwin Hills Village and within Baldwin Vista, is a historic Mid-Century modern "garden city" developed by Walter H. Leimert multi-family residential, it was designated as a National Historic Landmark in 2001. The units are now condominiums on spacious grounds, attracting seniors, young families, design professionals as residents. Baldwin Village: since 1990 the city has promoted use of the official name "Baldwin Village"; the southernmost portion of Baldwin Hills is outside the Los Angeles City limits.
Along with View Park-Windsor Hills and Ladera Heights, it resides in an unincorporated area of Los Angeles County. Stocker Street divides Baldwin Hills from the View Park neighborhood; the northeast face of the hills overlooks the Baldwin Hills Crenshaw Plaza shopping mall and Marlton Square's Kaiser Permanente medical office building. Baldwin Hills Scenic Overlook is located at 6300 Hetzler Road in Culver City, CA; the 8.5-acre park is open daily from 8 a.m. to sunset. The Visitor Center is open Thursday–Sunday from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. The park includes an amphitheater, drinking water, the Evan Frankel Discovery Center, gardening boxes, picnic tables, a permeable parking lot and walking paths with a central feature known as the Culver City Stairs; the Visitor Center has a comprehensive guide to the native plants of the area and history of Culver City. On a clear day the Overlook's platform offers exceptional views spanning the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Hollywood Sign to the north, downtown Los Angeles to the east.
Kenneth Hahn State Regional Park is located at 4100 South La Cienega Boulevard. It is a 401 acre recreation and sports area. Norman O Houston Park: is located at 4800 South La Brea Avenue. Jim Gilliam Park & Recreation Center is located at 4000 South La Brea Avenue, it is home to the Jim Gilliam Senior Citizen Center The Los Angeles Public Library operates the Baldwin Hills Branch Library. It is located at 2900 La Brea Avenue. Baldwin Hills is served by
Kaiser Permanente is an American integrated managed care consortium, based in Oakland, United States, founded in 1945 by industrialist Henry J. Kaiser and physician Sidney Garfield. Kaiser Permanente is made up of three distinct but interdependent groups of entities: the Kaiser Foundation Health Plan, Inc. and its regional operating subsidiaries. As of 2017, Kaiser Permanente operates in eight states and the District of Columbia, is the largest managed care organization in the United States; as of December 31, 2018 Kaiser Permanente had 12.2 million health plan members, 217,415 employees, 22,914 physicians, 59,127 nurses, 39 medical centers, 690 medical facilities. As of December 31, 2018, the non-profit Kaiser Foundation Health Plan and Kaiser Foundation Hospitals entities reported a combined $2.5 billion in net income on $79.7 billion in operating revenues. Each Permanente Medical Group operates as a separate for-profit partnership or professional corporation in its individual territory, while none publicly reports its financial results, each is funded by reimbursements from its respective regional Kaiser Foundation Health Plan entity.
KFHP is one of the largest not-for-profit organizations in the United States. KP's quality of care has been rated and attributed to a strong emphasis on preventive care, its doctors being salaried rather than paid on a fee-for-service basis, an attempt to minimize the time patients spend in high-cost hospitals by planning their stay. However, Kaiser has had disputes with its employees' unions faced civil and criminal charges for falsification of records and patient dumping, faced action by regulators over the quality of care it provided to patients with mental health issues, has faced criticism from activists and action from regulators over the size of its cash reserves. Kaiser Permanente provides care throughout eight regions in the United States. Two or three distinct but interdependent legal entities form the Kaiser system within each region; this structure was adopted by Kaiser Permanente physicians and leaders in 1955. Each entity of Kaiser Permanente has its own management and governance structure, although all of the structures are interdependent and cooperative to a great extent.
There are multiple affiliated non-profits registered with the U. S. Internal Revenue Service. According to Form 990 governance questions, Kaiser Foundation Hospitals and Kaiser Foundation Health Plan do not have members with the power to appoint or elect board members, meaning that the board itself nominates and appoints new members. Chairman and CEO George Halvorson retired in December 2013, after serving since 2002. On November 5, 2012, the board of directors announced that Bernard J. Tyson, Kaiser's president and chief operating officer for the last two years, would replace Halvorson — the first time an African American was appointed to that position; the two types of organizations which make up each regional entity are: Kaiser Foundation Health Plans work with employers and individual members to offer prepaid health plans and insurance. The health plans are not-for-profit and provide infrastructure for and invest in Kaiser Foundation Hospitals and provide a tax-exempt shelter for the for-profit medical groups.
Permanente Medical Groups are physician-owned organizations, which provide and arrange for medical care for Kaiser Foundation Health Plan members in each respective region. The medical groups are for-profit partnerships or professional corporations and receive nearly all of their funding from Kaiser Foundation Health Plans; the first medical group, The Permanente Medical Group, formed in 1948 in Northern California. Permanente physicians become stockholders in TPMG after three years at the company. In addition, Kaiser Foundation Hospitals operates medical centers in California, Oregon and Hawaii, outpatient facilities in the remaining Kaiser Permanente regions; the hospital foundations are not-for-profit and rely on the Kaiser Foundation Health Plans for funding. They provide infrastructure and facilities that benefit the for-profit medical groups. Kaiser Permanente is administered through eight regions, including one parent and six subordinate health plan entities, one hospital entity, nine separate, affiliated medical groups: In addition to the regional entities, in 1996, the then-twelve Permanente Medical Groups created The Permanente Federation, a separate entity, which focuses on standardizing patient care and performance under one name and system of policies.
Around the same time, The Permanente Company was chartered as a vehicle to provide investment opportunities for the for-profit Permanente Medical Groups. One of the ventures of the Permanente Company is Kaiser Permanente Ventures, a venture capital firm that invests in emerging medical technologies; the history of Kaiser Permanente dates to 1933 and a tiny hospital in the town of Desert Center, California. At that time, Henry J. Kaiser and several other large construction contractors had formed an insurance consortium called Industrial Indemnity to meet their workers' compensation obligations. Dr. Sidney Garfield had just finished his residency at Los Angeles County-USC Medical Center at a time when jobs were scarce. Soon enough, Garfield's new hospital was in a precarious financial state, due in part to Garfield's desire to treat all patients regardless of abi
Vermont/Beverly is a heavy-rail subway station in the Los Angeles County Metro Rail system. It is located at Vermont Avenue and Beverly Boulevard, in Los Angeles, near the border between East Hollywood and Wilshire Center; this station is served by the Red Line. Vermont/Beverly features a cactus garden and large rocks incorporated into the structure of the station, a design by artist George Stone. Red Line service hours are from 5:00 AM until 12:45 AM daily. Metro Local: 14, 204 Metro Rapid: 754 Station connections overview
Hollywood/Highland is a heavy rail subway station in the Los Angeles County Metro Rail system. It is located at the intersection of Hollywood Boulevard and Highland Avenue in the Hollywood section of Los Angeles; this station is served by the Red Line. With its entrance on Hollywood Boulevard, the Hollywood/Highland Station is located in the center of the tourist area of Hollywood, near such tourist attractions as Dolby Theatre, Ripley's Believe It or Not! and the Hollywood Museum. As in New York City's Times Square, costumed characters on the sidewalk outside offer themselves for photos with tourists. Hollywood/Highland is a two-story station; the station uses a simple island platform setup with two tracks. Architecturally, Hollywood/Highland station shares similarities with other Metro subway stations and the design of the entrance to the station may have been inspired by the entrances of New York City's Times Square – 42nd Street / Port Authority Bus Terminal station; the construction designing of the station were teamed up by three different firms.
The designer of the station is Sheila Klein, the constructor of the station is CannonDesign. The lightings and the mechanical design's responsibility were given to HLB Lighting Design; the construction of the station were to be made of equipments given by the Metro, which according to HLB, made it challenging. The lighting pillars of the station was to resemble like a flower, it was sized to match well with the smooth, curved ceiling which'resembled a belly'. Sheila Klein named the architecture of the station, "Underground Girl". Red Line service hours are from 5:00 AM until 12:45 AM daily; the under construction Crenshaw/LAX Line will terminate at this station via the future northern extension from the Expo/Crenshaw station which would offer connections to West Hollywood, Beverly Hills, Crenshaw District, Leimert Park, Miracle Mile, City of Inglewood, LAX. It will allow connections to the Expo Line, Purple Line, Green Line and the proposed LAX people mover; the station is located in Hollywood at the intersection between two major roads, Hollywood Boulevard and Highland Avenue.
Hollywood/Highland is beneath the shopping center of the Dolby Theatre. Due to terrorism concerns, the station has been closed on the day of the Academy Awards since 2002. Media related to Hollywood/Highland at Wikimedia Commons Station connections overview
A health facility is, in general, any location where healthcare is provided. Health facilities range from small clinics and doctor's offices to urgent care centers and large hospitals with elaborate emergency rooms and trauma centers; the number and quality of health facilities in a country or region is one common measure of that area's prosperity and quality of life. In many countries, health facilities are regulated to some extent by law. Health facilities may be owned and operated by for-profit businesses, non-profit organizations, in some cases by individuals, with proportions varying by country. See the recent review paper, which provides a comprehensive classification of health facilities from the location analysis perspective; the workload of a health facility is used to indicate its size. Large health facilities are those with a greater patient load. In Australia the workload of a health facility is used to determine the level of government funding provided to that facility; the government measures a facility in terms of its standard whole patient equivalent.
The SWPE calculation is determined by analysis of the patients. The calculation takes into account the proportion of health services rendered at that facility relative to others that each patient attends, it includes a weighting factor based on each patients demography to account for the varied levels of services required by patients depending on their gender and age. The premise of weighting is that patients require different levels of health services depending on their age and gender. For example, the average male patient requires fewer consultations than his older and infant counterparts; the table shows the weighting factors used in the standardization of workloads. Table: Age by Sex Weights for SWPE Standardisation A hospital is an institution for healthcare providing specialized treatment for inpatient stays; some hospitals admit patients suffering from a specific disease or affliction, or are reserved for the diagnosis and treatment of conditions affecting a specific age group. Others have a mandate that expands beyond offering dominantly curative and rehabilitative care services to include promotional and educational roles as part of a primary healthcare approach.
Today, hospitals are funded by the state, health organizations, by health insurances or by charities and by donations. However, they were founded and funded by religious orders or charitable individuals and leaders. Hospitals are nowadays staffed by professionally trained doctors, paramedical clinicians, etc. whereas this work was done by the founding religious orders or by volunteers. Healthcare centres, including clinics, doctor's offices, urgent care centers and ambulatory surgery centers, serve as first point of contact with a health professional and provide outpatient medical, nursing and other types of care services. Medical nursing homes, including residential treatment centers and geriatric care facilities, are health care institutions which have accommodation facilities and which engage in providing short-term or long-term medical treatment of a general or specialized nature not performed by hospitals to inpatients with any of a wide variety of medical conditions. Pharmacies and drug stores comprise establishments engaged in retailing prescription or nonprescription drugs and medicines, other types of medical and orthopaedic goods.
Regulated pharmacies may be based in a hospital or clinic or they may be operated, are staffed by pharmacists, pharmacy technicians, pharmacy aides. A medical laboratory or clinical laboratory is a laboratory where tests are done on biological specimens in order to get information about the health of a patient; such laboratories may be divided into categorical departments such as microbiology, clinical biochemistry, serology, cytology, cytogenetics, or virology. In many countries, there are two main types of labs. Hospital laboratories are attached to a hospital, perform tests on these patients. Private or community laboratories receive samples from general practitioners, insurance companies, other health clinics for analysis. A biomedical research facility is where basic research or applied research is conducted to aid the body of knowledge in the field of medicine. Medical research can be divided into two general categories: the evaluation of new treatments for both safety and efficacy in what are termed clinical trials, all other research that contributes to the development of new treatments.
The latter is termed preclinical research if its goal is to elaborate knowledge for the development of new therapeutic strategies. Health care industry Lists of hospitals Walk-in clinic
Light rail, light rail transit, or fast tram is a form of urban rail transit using rolling stock similar to a tramway, but operating at a higher capacity, on an exclusive right-of-way. There is no standard definition, but in the United States, light rail operates along exclusive rights-of-way and uses either individual tramcars or multiple units coupled to form a train, lower capacity and lower speed than a long heavy-rail passenger train or metro system. A few light rail networks tend to have characteristics closer to rapid transit or commuter rail. Other light rail networks are tram-like in nature and operate on streets. Light rail systems are found on all inhabited continents, they have been popular in recent years due to their lower capital costs and increased reliability compared with heavy rail systems. Many original tram and streetcar systems in the United Kingdom, United States, elsewhere were decommissioned starting in the 1950s as the popularity of the automobile increased. Britain abandoned its last tram system, except for Blackpool, by 1962.
Although some traditional trolley or tram systems exist to this day, the term "light rail" has come to mean a different type of rail system. Modern light rail technology has West German origins, since an attempt by Boeing Vertol to introduce a new American light rail vehicle was a technical failure. After World War II, the Germans retained many of their streetcar networks and evolved them into model light rail systems. Except for Hamburg, all large and most medium-sized German cities maintain light rail networks; the basic concepts of light rail were put forward by H. Dean Quinby in 1962 in an article in Traffic Quarterly called "Major Urban Corridor Facilities: A New Concept". Quinby distinguished this new concept in rail transportation from historic streetcar or tram systems as: having the capacity to carry more passengers appearing like a train, with more than one car connected together having more doors to facilitate full utilization of the space faster and quieter in operationThe term light rail transit was introduced in North America in 1972 to describe this new concept of rail transportation.
The first of the new light rail systems in North America began operation in 1978 when the Canadian city of Edmonton, adopted the German Siemens-Duewag U2 system, followed three years by Calgary and San Diego, California. The concept proved popular, although Canada has few cities big enough for light rail, there are now at least 30 light rail systems in the United States. Britain began replacing its run-down local railways with light rail in the 1980s, starting with the Tyne and Wear Metro and followed by the Docklands Light Railway in London; the historic term light railway was used because it dated from the British Light Railways Act 1896, although the technology used in the DLR system was at the high end of what Americans considered to be light rail. The trend to light rail in the United Kingdom was established with the success of the Manchester Metrolink system in 1992; the term light rail was coined in 1972 by the U. S. Urban Mass Transportation Administration to describe new streetcar transformations that were taking place in Europe and the United States.
In Germany the term Stadtbahn was used to describe the concept, many in UMTA wanted to adopt the direct translation, city rail. However, UMTA adopted the term light rail instead. Light in this context is used in the sense of "intended for light loads and fast movement", rather than referring to physical weight; the infrastructure investment is usually lighter than would be found for a heavy rail system. The Transportation Research Board defined "light rail" in 1977 as "a mode of urban transportation utilizing predominantly reserved but not grade-separated rights-of-way. Electrically propelled. LRT provides a wide range of passenger capabilities and performance characteristics at moderate costs." The American Public Transportation Association, in its Glossary of Transit Terminology, defines light rail as:...a mode of transit service operating passenger rail cars singly on fixed rails in right-of-way, separated from other traffic for part or much of the way. Light rail vehicles are driven electrically with power being drawn from an overhead electric line via a trolley or a pantograph.
However, some diesel-powered transit is designated light rail, such as the O-Train Trillium Line in Ottawa, Canada, the River Line in New Jersey, United States, the Sprinter in California, United States, which use diesel multiple unit cars. Light rail is similar to the British English term light railway, long-used to distinguish railway operations carried out under a less rigorous set of regulation using lighter equipment at lower speeds from mainline railways. Light rail is a generic international English phrase for these types of rail systems, which means more or less the same thing throughout the English-speaking world; the use of the generic term light rail avoids some serious incompatibilities between British and American English. T