Mãe Menininha do Gantois known as Mother Menininha do Gantois, was a Brazilian spiritual leader and spiritual daughter of orixá Oxum, who officiated for 64 years as the head of one of the most noted Candomblé temples, the Ilê Axé Iyá Omin Iyamassê, or Terreiro do Gantois, of Brazil, located in Alto do Gantois in Salvador, Bahia. She was instrumental in gaining legal recognition of Candomblé and its rituals, bringing an end to centuries of prejudice against Afro-Brazilians, who practiced their faith; when she died on 13 August 1986, the State of Bahia declared a three-day state mourning in her honour, the City Council of Salvador held a special session to pay tributes to her. The Terreiro do. Maria Escolástica da Conceição Nazaré Assunção was born on 10 February 1894 in Bahia, her grand mother, who had baptized her, gave her the nickname as Menininha meaning "Little girl" She was born into a matriarchal society to Maria da Glória and Joaquim Assunção, who were Afro-Brazilian with Yoruba Nigerian royal ancestry from Egba-Alakê in Abeokutá, a kingdom in the southwestern part of Nigeria.
Her great grandparents, Maria Júlia da Conceição do Nazaré and Francisco Nazaré Eta, were the first blacks to be freed from slavery. Maria Júlia's daughter Damiana was the mother of Maria da Glória Nazaré. Menininha was initiated into the worship of deities at the Terreiro do Gantois when she was 8 years old by her grandmother Maria Julia da Conceição Nazaré who had built the temple "Ile Iyá Omi Axé Iyamassê", she was married to Alvaro MacDowell de Oliveira and they had two daughters. The elder daughter was Mãe Cleusa da Conceição Nazaré de Oliveira, born in 1923, a doctor and who became the inherited Candomblé priestess of the temple after her mother's death, she was succeeded by Menininha's other daughter, Mãe Carmem. As spiritual heads of their temple, all of the Candomblé priestesses receive the honorific'mãe', which in the Portuguese language means "mother"; the temple, which she headed was established by her grandmother Mãe Pulquéria following a dispute over leadership from Engenho Velho, an older temple said to be one of the oldest Candomblé temple in Bahia, built by three freed African women.
Two temples were built, one was the Terreiro do Gantois built in 1900 by Mãe Pulquéria and the other was Ile Axe Opo Afonja credited to Mãe Aninha. Mãe Pulquéria, the functional head of the Terreiro do Gantois, died in 1918; as she had no children, her niece Maria da Glória Nazaré was designated as her successor, but Maria died in 1920 before assuming office. According to hierarchical rights the temple was given to Mother Menininha; this process was confirmed by deities Oxóssi, Shango and Babalú-Ayé. Once chosen and confirmed in 1922 Menininha became, she dedicated her life to the temple and for the cause of the African religion of Candomblé which represented to her the "last stronghold of the black dignity". She faced persecution at the hands of the Brazilian government and incarceration, as well as being subjected to harassment, she defended the African-Brazilian traditions of worship at the Terreiro do Gantois and other Terreiros at Engenho Velho and Casa Branca. Her struggle, in association with other well known candomblé priesteses like Stella de Oxossi, asserted the Africanness of Candombé, stressing the fact that their religion was not the same as Roman Catholicism.
One of the reasons she became prominent was that she initiated hundreds of "daughters" into the faith, as well as artists, invited the academic community to study the roots of the religion. One of those academics, Ruth Landes compiled her findings and published a book, City of Women discussing how the racial policies of the government were intertwined with the Candomblé religious rites. Antônio Carlos Magalhães, a powerful senator from Bahia; these studies were influential in furthering research on the Nigerian roots of the religion, but at the same time brought criticism from other temples in the faith that Menininha was exploiting the religion. However, her success in obtaining legalization of the religion in the 1970s facilitated the first freedom to practice their faith in hundreds of years and began the process of eliminating prejudice against other Afro-Brazilian faiths. Menininha died at the age of 92 on 13 August 1986. At the special session held in the City Council of Salvador to commemorate her death, Edvaldo Britto, Deputy Mayor.
Veloso paid a tribute to the mother by highlighting her role as the priestess in leading the resistance and fighting against discrimination and religious faith. Her successor to the temple was her daughter Cleusa, chosen as priestess in 1989. Upon Cleusa's death, the deities chose Mãe Carmem de Òsàlá to succeed her. Menininha became a symbol of spiritual daughter of the Orixa Oxum, her ritual chair, which appears like a throne, is placed at the entry to the city museum in Salvador. Many songs have been written paryear songs seeking her blessings and spiritual guidance. Beth Carvalho, a famous singer paid tribute to her in his composition titled'O Encanto do Gantois, in 1985. One of these poems reads:Prayer to Mother MenininhaOh my motherMy Mother MenininhaOh my motherThe little girl GantoisThe most beautiful star, huh? It's in the Gantois And the brightest sun, huh? It's in the
Pauline Konga is a retired Kenyan long-distance runner. At the 1996 Summer Olympics she won the silver medal in the 5000 metres, making her the first Kenyan woman to win an Olympic medal. In 1990 she finished a dismal 125th at the 1990 World Cross Country Championships. In 1991 she improved to 15th at the 1991 World Cross Country Championships, finished twelfth in 3000 metrs at the 1991 World Championships, she became Kenyan champion in cross-country running. In 1992 she finished a lowly 90th at the 1992 World Cross Country Championships, but improved to seventh at the 1993 World Cross Country Championships winning the gold in the team competition. Konga participated in her first Olympics in 1992, failing to progress from the heats in the 3000 metres. In 1996 she became Kenyan 5000 finished third at the 1996 Grand Prix Final. At the 1996 Olympic Games she won the silver medal in the 5000 metres, behind Wang Junxia of China and in front of Roberta Brunet of Italy, her personal bests were 8:37.76 minutes in the 3000 metres, achieved in August 1996 in Monaco.
Wake Up and Smell the... Carcass is a compilation album by the band Carcass, is the name of a video/DVD compilation of the band's songs; the cover is a photo of John F. Kennedy's autopsy. All lyrics are written except where noted. Tracks 1-5 are the band's promo videos, 6-15 were recorded live in 1992 on the "Gods of Grind" tour, 16-22 were recorded in 1989 on the "Grindcrusher Tour". Ken Owen – drums, backing vocals Bill Steer – guitar, vocals Jeffrey Walker – bass guitar, compilation compiling Michael Amott – lead guitar Carlo Regadas – lead guitar Colin Richardson – production, mixing Stephen Harris – engineering Nick Brine – assistant engineering Barney Herbert – assistant engineering Jim Brumby – assistant engineering Tony Wilson – production Ted De Bono – engineering Ken Nelson – engineering Andrea Wright – assistant engineering Keith Hartley – engineering Ian McFarlane – assistant engineering Keith Andrews – engineering Digby Pearson – executive production Mitch Dickinson – compilation compiling Noel Summerville – mastering Antz White – art direction, digital manipulation Dan Tobin – sleeve notes
Ramutė Aleksandra Jasudytė is a Lithuanian textile artist. Her sister is Giedrė Konstancija Jasudytė. In 1952 to 1958, she studied at Vilnius Art Institute, where she studied with Sofija Veiverytė, Juozas Balčikonis. In 1957–1970, she worked at the "weaver" factory of artists, in 1970–1972 she was Lithuanian Film Studio costume designer. Since 1958, she participates exhibitions in Lithuania and abroad, her solo exhibitions were held in Vilnius, Norway. Her works of public interiors in Vilnius and Moscow, Lithuanian Art Museum, the National M. K. Čiurlionis Museum of Art, private "memory." 1993 collections. R. Jasudytė – smooth tapestry of classical film maker. Preferred materials – colored in various shades of gray or tinted hair moonshine; the most significant artist's works are decorative tapestries for public interiors. These large-format tapestries associative themes inherent in treatment siužetiškumas, monochromatic color, musical rhythm, asymmetric of light. Lithuanian fine textile background, R. Jasudytės originaliu work is distinguished poetic theme rendering and it liauiška formonis simple, moderately color combinations.
Her thematic, ornamental tapestries (Lietuvaitės "1968," Ships "in 1970, a rug I, II, 1987–1988," Loose "in 1990," surprise "in 1993," Duty "in 1996 – 1997, "Memory I, II, 1995, 2003," Goda "2001–2002," Farewell "2003–2005 Creator tapestries for interiors: series" Brothers "," Gulbelė "," Little Sisters "In 1972–1977, Vilnius University," Autumn in knowledge "of 1978–1979, the palace Tass in Moscow. Smooth thin thread tapestry of classical musician. Preferred materials – colored in various shades of gray or tinted hair moonshine; the most significant artist's works are monumental, decorative tapestries for public interiors, are characterized by associative themes in treatment siužetiškumas, monochromatic color, musical rhythm, asymmetric of light. Lithuanian fine textile background, R. Jasudytės original work is distinguished poetic theme rendering, it is a simple folk formonis, color combinations. Since 1958, she participates in exhibitions in Lithuania and abroad, in Poland, Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Finland, France, Chile, USA and Italy.
Solo exhibitions were held in Vilnius, Norway. Her works of public interiors in Vilnius and Moscow, have their Lithuanian Art Museum, National Museum of Fine Arts Čiurlionis. 1981 Lithuanian State Prize of the Vilnius University, designed the interior monumental tapestries "against the Crusaders" and "Song of the cycle," Lithuania " List of Lithuanian painters "Ramutė Aleksandra Jasudytė", Lithuanian Wikipedia
William Madison Wall was a Mormon pioneer, colonizer, military officer, church leader in Provo and Wallsburg, a settler of Utah Territory. Wall was born September 1821 in North Carolina to Isaac Wall and Nancy Duncan. Wall's mother was said to have died when he was 7, giving birth to Richard, his father, Isaac put all 4 of his children into his relative's care around the county. William was put into the care of his Uncle, who used him as a slave, he was treated so badly, that he ran away and was found in Wayne County, Illinois. He was treated like an actual son. In 1842, Wall and his family were introduced to missionaries from the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints and were baptized. Wall helped establish the early Mormon settlement of Ramus near Illinois, he was known for being a large man, called alternatively by Joseph Smith "the most expert wrestler in Ramus" and "the bully of Ramus.". Wall was a lieutenant in the Nauvoo Legion and worked close with Brigham Young, John Taylor, Willard Richards.
He was imprisoned on trumped up charges but escaped, he went back to turn himself in but was allowed to go free. In 1850, Wall crossed the plains to Utah with the Warren Foote Company, he was Captain of the Second Division. Within three days, a child died of Cholera and Wall himself had gotten sick with it a few days later; the treatment for Cholera was to keep liquids away from the patient to dry up the diarrhea but Wall rolled out of the wagon and ended up drinking from a water pail. Wall recovered days later; when Wall and his company arrived in Utah, Wall headed down to Provo. Wall was called to be an early Bishop in Provo, where he served as a local military captain, he would on become the City Marshall of Provo In 1853, the Walker War was sparked. Brigham Young ordered Wall to go south and warn any settlements there, as well as to arrest any Mexican Traders that hadn't left when ordered to, they marched as far south as Harmony checking on settlers, meeting with Indian Chiefs, arresting a few Mexican traders.
This expedition cost around $2,251.50. The Walker War ended without further involvement of Wall, he was ordered to Utah in 1853 for a year before returning to Provo. Wall was called on a mission from Utah to Australia. However, after around a year, he was ordered back to Utah because of a looming war with the United States, he sailed back with all the people. This trip took around 118 days; when he landed in California, he was taken by a mob and was going to get hanged, but was let go due to the fact that he had just arrived. Wall was a licensed attorney in Utah, a prosecuting attorney, the second sheriff of Utah County, Utah. During the Black Hawk War, In January 19, 1855 the Provo Canyon Road Co. was incorporated to build a road up Provo Canyon to Heber Valley, but construction was delayed because of the looming threat of War. Wall was put in charge of overseeing construction of the road. Wall established a ranch in the south end of Heber Valley; the last two years of William Wall's life were dedicated to improving the Road and developing his ranch.
One day he was ambushed by and Indian and was shot in the chest, the bullet hit his watch and deflected upward. Twice he'd been struck by a bullet but it did him no harm, as promised in his patriarchal blessing, his health deteriorated but he continued to labor on the road. He became ill and died on the road at the age of 47. One of the towns he helped established was named Wallsburg in his honor