- MARURI-JATABE in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia (Euskomedia Fundazioa) ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish)
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Basauri is a major municipality of Biscay, in the Basque Country, an Autonomous Community in northern Spain. The town is a part of the Greater Bilbao conurbation, it is an industrial town that includes monuments such as the tower-house of Ariz. It holds the only prison in the province, located where the rivers Ibaizabal meet; the municipality has 42,971 inhabitants. Basauri is located in the metropolitan region of the Greater Bilbao, on both sides of the river Nervión and the lower valley of the river Nervión and Ibaizabal. Basauri is located at joining point of the two most important rivers of Biscay, forming a small river plain a series of meanders have been built, now engaged in their most industrial facilities. Basauri joins the roads coming from Orduña-Urduña and Durango following the course of the two rivers. A neighborhood took its name from the joining of both paths: Bidebieta. From the river area where the municipality was born, the land rises culminating in the mountain Malmasín of clayey nature, in the border with Arrigorriaga.
Bordered on the north by Bilbao and Galdakao, on the south and west by Arrigorriaga and on the east Galdakao and Zaratamo. Basauri is in an oceanic climate zone and humid. Rainfall is well distributed throughout the year. Temperatures are moderate throughout the year, with small thermal fluctuations. Several elements influenced. Being a communications hub, Basauri was a important factor to consider, its proximity to the mines of Ollargan Morro and Miravilla and the Basauri-Galdakao Group's mines caused an increase of population for the municipality. The conversion of the mills into baking industry contributed to this increase, but the element that most contributed to the population development was the installation in 1892 of the first major industry, "La Basconia". The rapid growth that underwemt the municipality, made its population multiplied by 24.6 in the period 1900-1975. But the largest increases in population started in the 1950s with the installation of new industries which created between 1950 and 1960 a population growth of the 97%, which continued in the next decade with an increase of the 80%.
In 1984 it started a slow but progressive population decline, although it had declined in 1979 with the industrial crisis, the year in which it was indicated the historical maximum population of 55,648 inhabitants. In the last estimate by the NSI, 16 September 2007, the population of Basauri rose to 43,250 inhabitants. Basauri became independent from Arrigorriaga in 1510 or at least, is the date taken as official, because there is no document to verify that at that date any meetings were held between mayors of both towns. Basauri did not get representation in the General Assembly of Guernica until 1858. Since it remained the largest population center and town hall in the neighborhood of San Miguel de Basauri until 1902, when it was approved the transfer of the town hall to Arizgoiti, as this area of growing population and equidistant from the two furthest points of the municipality: Finaga. Basauri was until the end of the 19th century a predominantly rural people, until that time when the factory of Basconia came and with it the industrialization of the town, which went in 50 years from a few thousands of inhabitants to having 55,000 in 1978.
Thousands of families from all regions of Spain nurtured Basauri with new people and buildings, radically changing its image and urbanism. The name Basauri means'population in the forest.' Basa, meaning'forest' and uri,'population'. The only town with the same name known today is called Bajauri in the County of Treviño; some place names of Basauri are: Ariz, Arizgoiti and Arizbarren Basozelai, Sarratu, Bizkotxalde Pozokoetxe, Iruaretxeta, Abaroa, Gaztañabaltza, Errekalde, Arteaga, Uribarri and Bidebieta (which appear as Dos Caminos at the train station and made many think that it was the original name of the town. The district now called Kalero, it is Calero and although some authors have seen in the name the Castilian translation of Kareaga, it refers to the fact that in this place it was located a holding of limestone for the manufacture of lime and those places in Spanish are called'Calero'. There are two areas or neighborhoods called Kareaga: Kareaga Goikoa and Kareaga Behekoa and now called'El Calero', since in both areas had lime plants.
Moreover, there are Soloarte, Kantarazarra, Iturrigorri and others. The festivities of San Fausto in October are the patron saint festivities of the municipality; every major neighborhood forming Basauri, celebrates each year their festivities but the most popular festivals in this town are those held in honor of San Fausto every, taking as an amulet the Escarabillera, zurracapote as typical drink, prepared by the fifteen crews belonging to Herriko Taldeak, served in a jug to anyone coming to them. Zurracapote is a drink similar to sangria as it is made with red wine, cinnamon, some kind of liquor, sugar and, according to the legend, so shameful condiments that many would not want to know; the Escarabillera is a character based on women and men in Basauri would dress in times of greatest need at the beginning of century. Those clothes were worn to walk along tracks where steam trains as they circulated or heaps of smelters
Etxebarri, Doneztebeko Elizatea is a town and municipality located in the province of Biscay, in the Autonomous Basque Community, in the North of Spain. Since 13 January 2005, the name of "Etxebarri, Doneztebeko Elizatea" has been changed to "Etxebarri" to simplify the name, it translates as "new home/house". Prior to the introduction of Standard Basque, the town's name was spelled Echevarri. Etxebarri has an area of 33.38 square kilometres and a population of 10,337 people, with a density of 2421.72 inhabitants/km2. Being so close to Bilbao has had a direct effect on Etxebarri; until a few decades ago, Etxebarri was a small nucleus in which its rural population worked in industrial areas. Both the population and the industrial land increased because of the congestion of Bilbao and the need for space for the installation of industries. Therefore, there was a significant increase in new population in the locality. In addition, since 2004, the Metro Bilbao underground train has reached Etxebarri.
In fact, the threshold stipulated. It has a metro station of the rapid transit service Metro Bilbao and a train station of the commuter rail service EuskoTren. ETXEBARRI, ANTEIGLESIA DE SAN ESTEBAN - ETXEBARRI DONEZTEBEKO ELIZATEA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Etxebarri city council
Gorliz is a town and municipality located in the province of Biscay, which lies within the autonomous community of the Basque Country, in northern Spain. The town had 5,664 inhabitants in 2014. Gorliz consists of the following neighborhoods: Elexalde, Santa María, Gandia, San José, Guzurmendi and Orabille, its economy is based on the services sector. Its principal source of income is the tourism. Over last years it has become one of the most touristic centres in Biscay. One of the biggest attractions of the municipality is nearby pine forest. Near the northernmost part of the beach, sometimes considered as the separated Beach of Astondo, lie the Petrified Dunes of Astondo, which were declared a Site of Community Importance. Churches such as the Church of the Immaculate Conception, founded in the 10th century and remodeled in 1781, the church of Santa María are attractions. In Cabo Villano, Billao in Basque, about 30 minutes from downtown, magnificent views can be enjoyed along the lighthouse. In this area there are cannons and underground galleries built after the Spanish Civil War by Francoist Spain, using prisoners of war on the Republican side, in anticipation of a hypothetical landing of the Allies after World War II that never came.
Gorliz has a camping, a youth hostel and many other places of interest. With a length of 842m and a width of 120m, the modeled Gorliz beach has an excellent bathing water quality, it is accessible from the BI-2120 road to Mungia, taking the exit from the Saratxaga roundabout to Gorliz and taking the BI-3158, that goes to Gorliz Hospital. There are several bus lines close directly to the beach and from the last stop on line 1 of the underground Metro Bilbao, "Plentzia", it is a pleasant walk of around 2 km along the edge of the River Butroe estuary to Gorliz beach. At the beginning of the 20th century, the properties of the baths of sea, the new medicine for rehab and a new concept of free time fixed new habits and treatments, but the history of this first marine sanatorium of the Biscayan coast was born from the ideas of several doctors, between whom Dr. Enrique Areilza stood out; the idea attracted the attention of the Deputation of Biscay, presided in those moments by Luis de Salazar. From 1979-2007 Górliz's mayors belonged to the Basque Nationalist Party.
In 2007 there were separate EA and PNV. The PNV was again the most voted, but obtained a simple majority of 40% of the valid votes, which earned him only six of the 13 councillors. Emma Calzada of the Independent Group was elected mayor of Gorliz, with the votes of his group, the Basque PP, Ezker Batua - Berdeak - Aralar and Eusko Alkartasuna. 1 2 3 On June 29, San Pedro festivity, a pilgrimage takes place in the neighborhood of Iberre. The main festivity of Gorliz is celebrated around July Santiago day; the festive activities include Basque Poliphony. The neighborhood Andra Mari celebrates its singular festivities the first weekend of August, with its traditional paella contest and with the pilgrimage on August 5 in honor of the Virgin of Andra Mari de Aguirre and Las Nieves; the third weekend of August the festivities of Urezarantza-Fano neighborhood take place. On December 8, feast of Immaculate Conception, a Christmas fair and a snails in "vizcaina" style contest are celebrated. GÓRLIZ in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia
Durango is a town and municipality of the historical territory and province of Biscay, located in the Basque Country, Spain. It is the main town of one of the comarcas of Biscay; because of its economical activities and population, Durango is considered one of the largest towns in Biscay after the ones that compose the conurbation of Greater Bilbao. Durango has 29,318 inhabitants; the town is crossed by three rivers. The Ibaizabal river is the main river, lies in the middle of its wide valley, with the scenic Urkiola mountain range and natural park to the south; the most important peak is the majestic Anboto. In addition, inside the town stand out two mountains: Pagasarri mugarra mountain. There are many differing opinions about the origin of the name Durango. Basque linguist Alfonso Irigoyen has suggested its origin to be in the name Duranco used in the early Middle Ages. Other authors suggest the name to be an evolved form of Padurango. In the confirmation of the town's fuero it is referred to as Tavira de Durango.
Until the 16th century, the town was known as Uribarri de Durango, Uribarri being Basque for "New town". It has been postulated by the Royal Basque Academy of the Language that the name Durango stems from the Latin name Turanicus a Roman fundus like many others in the Basque Country. While it is not known when Durango was founded, it was suzerain to the Kingdom of Navarre, is attested on an 1179 document revolving around territorial litigation between Alfonso VIII of Castile and Sancho VI of Navarre, The Wise; the impending threat of a military intervention conducted by King Alfonso VIII against the Navarrese led King Sancho VI to found other fortified towns, such as San Sebastián and Vitoria-Gasteiz. Between 1199 and 1201, King Alfonso VIII of Castile occupied the lordship of Durango and its hinterland, as well as other key western Basque districts. Durango went on to form part of the Crown of Castile, but former laws and institutions were upheld by the Castilian king. In the 15th century, Durango got engaged in the wider War of the Bands, with various conflicts involving the Ibarguen and Unzueta families.
During this period, tower houses belonging to different clans were erected, such as the ones of Arandoño, Etxebarria, Lariz and Otalora. Henry III and Henry IV, the Castilian Kings, were both received in Durango, as well as Queen Isabel of Castile, who enticed Durango and the Lordship of Biscay to her cause in exchange for ratifying their laws and institutions, i.e. she swore the fueros, favourable trade conditions. According to the municipal records, both monarchs took shelter in the Lariz Tower. In 1517 Durango was devastated by a terrible epidemic of plague that caused many deaths amongst the inhabitants; some years after the epidemic, in 1544, heavy flooding inundated a good part of the town. Just the opposite, in 1554 the town was ravaged by fire, burning all wooden buildings to the ground, i.e. all the buildings were burnt down. In 1597 another plague epidemic spread across the town; the Town Hall is recorded to have been built in the 16th century. The name Durango was used by conquistadores like Francisco de Ibarra to found more Durangos in America named after the Basque original one, e.g. a state in Mexico called Durango, whose principal city is called Durango.
During the 17th century, the town of Durango had to face up to the enormous human and economic cost incurred on the various wars the Crown of Castile embarked upon against France. Following heavy human losses suffered in battles and an episode of cholera epidemic, the town ended up ruined. At the end of the 19th century in 1882, the railway line from Bilbao to Durango was inaugurated. While the construction was expensive, during the early 20th century Durango flourished. On 31 March 1937, Durango was bombed by the Legion Condor, it was a busy shopping day—St. Maria, the central church with a covered marketplace, was targeted. More than 500 people were killed in the following days; the Kurutziaga Cross. It was built between early 16th century, it tells a story and it has a gothic style with a clear Flemish, German influence. Baroque Santa Ana's Arch, designed by local architect Juan de Herdoiza for the now disappeared line of walls; the arch was constructed to symbolise the town gates, through which the King was required to pass when he visited.
Mikeldi idol, of pre-Roman times. Lariz Tower is an urban palace, built around the end of the 15th century, it was renovated in 2009 and it is the Tourist Information Office of the town. It is believed that the Queen Isabella Catholic stayed overnight when she visited Durango in order to swear the regional laws and those of the Merindad de Durango. In the building there are decorative elements of the final Gothic such as large windows of seat or heights of taste Hispanic-Fleming and others of the Renaissance There is less heavy industry in the town than in the late 20th century, as it is being replaced by high density housing projects and shopping facilities. Durango was for many years the home of Euskal Telebista; this public television company broadcasts in Spanish. It has a global presence with satellite channel beamed across the world. ETB has moved to a new headquarters in Bilbao. In Durango, bes
A municipality is a single administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate. It is to be distinguished from the county, which may encompass rural territory or numerous small communities such as towns and hamlets; the term municipality may mean the governing or ruling body of a given municipality. A municipality is a general-purpose administrative subdivision, as opposed to a special-purpose district; the term is derived from French Latin municipalis. The English word municipality derives from the Latin social contract municipium, referring to the Latin communities that supplied Rome with troops in exchange for their own incorporation into the Roman state while permitting the communities to retain their own local governments. A municipality can be any political jurisdiction from a sovereign state, such as the Principality of Monaco, to a small village, such as West Hampton Dunes, New York.
The territory over which a municipality has jurisdiction may encompass only one populated place such as a city, town, or village several of such places only parts of such places, sometimes boroughs of a city such as the 34 municipalities of Santiago, Chile. Powers of municipalities range from virtual autonomy to complete subordination to the state. Municipalities may have the right to tax individuals and corporations with income tax, property tax, corporate income tax, but may receive substantial funding from the state. In various countries, municipalities are referred to as "communes", notably in Romance languages such as French commune, Italian comune, Romanian comună, Spanish comuna, in Germanic languages such as German Kommune, Swedish kommun, Faroese kommuna, Norwegian, Danish kommune. However, in Moldova and Romania exist both municipalities and communes, a commune may be part of a municipality. Similar terms include Spanish ayuntamiento called municipalidad, Polish gmina, Dutch/Flemish Gemeente and Luxembourgish Gemeng.
In Australia, the term local government area is used in place of the generic municipality. Here, the "LGA Structure covers only incorporated areas of Australia. Incorporated areas are designated parts of states and territories over which incorporated local governing bodies have responsibility." In Canada, municipalities are local governments established through provincial and territorial legislation within general municipal statutes. Types of municipalities within Canada include cities, district municipalities, municipal districts, parishes, rural municipalities, townships and villes among others; the Province of Ontario has different tiers of municipalities, including lower and single tiers. Types of upper tier municipalities in Ontario include regional municipalities. Nova Scotia has regional municipalities, which include cities, districts, or towns as municipal units. In India, a Municipality or Nagar Palika is an urban local body that administers a city of population 100,000 or more. However, there are exceptions to that, as Municipality were constituted in urban centers with population over 20,000, so all the urban bodies which were classified as Municipality were reclassified as Municipality if their population was under 100,000.
Under the Panchayati Raj system, it interacts directly with the state government, though it is administratively part of the district it is located in. Smaller district cities and bigger towns have a Municipality. Municipality are a form of local self-government entrusted with some duties and responsibilities, as enshrined in the Constitutional Act,1992. In the United Kingdom, the term was used until the 1972 Local Government Act came into effect in 1974 in England and Wales, until 1975 in Scotland and 1976 in Northern Ireland, "both for a city or town, organized for self-government under a municipal corporation, for the governing body itself; such a corporation in Great Britain consists of a head as a mayor or provost, of superior members, as aldermen and councillors". Since local government reorganisation, the unit in England, Northern Ireland and Wales is known as a district, in Scotland as a council area. A district can retain its district title. In Jersey, a municipality refers to the honorary officials elected to run each of the 12 parishes into which it is subdivided.
This is the highest level of regional government in this jurisdiction. In Trinidad and Tobago, "municipality" is understood as a city, town, or other local government unit, formed by municipal charter from the state as a municipal corporation. A town may be awarded borough status and on may be upgraded to city status. Chaguanas, San Fernando, Port of Spain and Point Fortin are the 5 current municipalities in Trinidad and Tobago. In the United States, "municipality" is understood as a city, village, or other local government unit, formed by municipal charter from the state as a municipal corporation. In a state law contex
Galdakao is a town and municipality located in the province of Biscay, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, northern Spain. It is located in the Greater Bilbao, in the valley of the Ibaizabal river, near the Ganguren mountain range, it is surrounded by some summits such as Arrezurriaga and Santa María in the north and Upo and Mandoia in the south. It is conterminous with Zamudio and Larrabetzu in the north, with Zaratamo and Zeberio in the south, with Amorebieta and Bedia in the east and with Etxebarri and Basauri in the west. Aperribai Arteta Bekea Bengoetxe Berezikoetxe Elexalde Erletxe Olabarrieta-Txistulanda Urreta Usansolo Tximelarre Bekoa Tximelarre Goikoa Muguru Zabalea GALDAKAO in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Official website