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In Hinduism, the Maruts or Marutas known as the Marutagana and sometimes identified with Rudras, are storm deities and sons of Rudra and Prisni. The number of Marutas varies from 27 to sixty, they are violent and aggressive, described as armed with golden weapons i.e. lightning and thunderbolts, as having iron teeth and roaring like lions, as residing in the north, as riding in golden chariots drawn by ruddy horses. Hymn 66 of Mandala VI of the Rig Veda is an eloquent account of how a natural phenomenon of a rain-storm metamorphoses into storm deities. In the Vedic mythology, the Marutas, a troop of young warriors, are Indra's companions. According to French comparative mythologist Georges Dumézil, they are cognate to the Einherjar and the Wild hunt. According to the Rig Veda, the ancient collection of sacred hymns, they wore golden helmets and breastplates, used their axes to split the clouds so that rain could fall; the clouds were capable of destroying forests. According to tradition, such as Puranas, the Marutas were born from the broken womb of the goddess Diti, after Indra hurled a thunderbolt at her to prevent her from giving birth to too powerful a son.

The goddess had intended to remain pregnant for a century before giving birth to a son who would threaten Indra. Ashvins Wild Hunt

Cincinnati riots of 1884

The Cincinnati riots of 1884 known as the Cincinnati Courthouse riots, were caused by public outrage over the decision of a jury to return a verdict of manslaughter in what was seen as a clear case of murder. A mob in Cincinnati, United States, attempted to find and lynch the perpetrator. In the violence that followed over the next few days, more than 50 people died and the courthouse was destroyed, it was one of the most destructive riots in American history. Cincinnati in the 1880s was a tough industrial city with a rising crime rate due, in part, to general dissatisfaction with labor conditions; the Cincinnati police force had 5 patrol wagons. In this period they arrested 50 people for murder. By January 1, 1884, there were twenty-three accused murderers in the jail; the political system was corrupt, with leaders notorious for controlling elections and manipulating judges and juries. In March 1884, the city was still reeling from a devastating flood the previous month when the river crested at 71.9 feet.

A full-page article published in the Cincinnati Enquirer on March 9, 1884, said: "Laxity of laws gives the Queen City of the West its crimson record. Preeminence in art and industry avail nothing where murder is rampant and the lives of citizens are unsafe in broad daylight."On December 24, 1883, a young white German named William Berner and his accomplice, Joe Palmer, a man of mixed African and European descent and murdered their employer, William Kirk, a livery stable owner in the West End of the city. The murderers dumped Kirk's body near the Mill Creek in the Northside district. After the men had been arrested, 500 potential jurymen were called before Berner's lawyer accepted the jury of twelve. After a prolonged trial, on March 26, 1884, the jury returned a manslaughter verdict despite the testimony of seven different people to whom Berner had admitted his cold-blooded planning and execution of the murder; the judge, who gave a sentence of 20 years in prison, called the verdict "a damned outrage".

The next day, the newspapers called for a public meeting to condemn the verdict. Tried separately, Palmer was hanged. A New York Times article, dated March 27, 1884, reported that James Bourne, one of the jurors, had spent the previous night at Bremen Street police station after being threatened by a mob. Returning home on the morning of March 27, a crowd threatened to hang him but was dispersed by the police, he was beaten and was again taken to the police station for his own safety. Another member of the jury, Charles Dollahan, dared not return home. Louis Havemeyer was told. A crowd tore the blinds from the house of L. Phillips on Liberty Street, threw dead cats and rotten eggs through the windows before discovering they had the wrong Phillips, not a member of the jury; the foreman of the jury, A. F. Shaw, had gone into hiding. Colonel C. B. Hunt, commanding the First Regiment of the Ohio Militia with four hundred men, prepared for trouble, ordering sections from each company to stay on guard at their armory on Court Street, half a block from the courthouse.

That evening, several thousand people attended a meeting at Music Hall in Over-the-Rhine to protest the lenient sentence. A large group of protesters headed to the jail planning to lynch Berner. Unknown to the rioters, Berner was not there, he had been sent to Columbus, for his own safety, had escaped en route. The Hamilton County Sheriff Morton Hawkins was expecting trouble, he had thirteen deputies helping him guard the jail. The rioters managed to break into the jail through the Sheriff's apartment, but left when they were shown that Berner was not present. More rioters arrived; the Sheriff had the alarms rung. The mob, now 10,000 strong, pelted the jail with stones, they managed to break in again. They were driven out by reinforcements from the militia armory who entered the building via a tunnel from the courthouse. After one of the attackers was shot dead the violence escalated. Rioters attempted to set the jail on fire using stolen kerosene. By the time the situation became temporarily under control late on Friday night, five people had died, including one police officer, many more were wounded.

The Cincinnati Enquirer supported the rioters in its Saturday morning edition, with a headline saying "At Last The People Are Aroused And Take The Law Into Their Own Hands, Enraged Community Rises In Its Might". The civic leaders, who had at first supported the vigilante action, became alarmed, they suspected that the mob was led by socialists and anarchists, the "dangerous classes". Although the Governor of Ohio, George Hoadly, was asked to call for reinforcements, he moved and did not order deployment of additional militia units until 5:00 pm on March 29. Many of the guards failed to report for duty; some of the 1st Regiment soldiers participated in the riot. The out of town soldiers, who did obey orders, were unable to reach Cincinnati in time to prevent escalating violence by rioters, paid that day, had spent their money in the bars. During the day, the defenders of the jail erected barriers in the surrounding streets, improvised from vehicles, construction materials and barrels of salt; the militia moved to the jail with all the arms and ammunition.

The jail was now crowded and ill-equipped to feed the occupants. Two to three hundred policemen were present, although they refused to play an active role in the fighting, as well as 117 local militiamen and the criminals resident in the jail. In the ev is an alternative news website known for providing viewpoints now censored in Turkey under the Erdogan government. According to Reporters Without Borders, whose Collateral Freedom project offered to mirror the site, It aims to serve as a mouthpiece for those without a voice and to cover stories ignored by mainstream media – including social issues, the Kurdish issue, the women’s and LGBT movements. Recognized as a leading source of news about the crackdown on the Occupy Gezi movement in 2013, it has provided cutting-edge reporting on many other sensitive stories such air strikes against civilian targets in Roboski, the Soma coalmine explosion, rioting linked to the siege of Kobane, President Erdogan’s Syria policy and clashes in the southeast. Known for its coverage of Kurdish issues, Sendika was among the first few dozen sites blocked by the Turkish government after conflict resumed in July 2015 between the Turkish government and the PKK, it responded by registering a sequence of names, e.g. as of December 2018, each of, blocked in succession.

These are among more than 100,000 addresses blocked by April 2016. The pace of blocks on the site's iterations increased transiently following the 2017 Turkish constitutional referendum. After the 49th block, surpassing the Dicle News Agency, Sendika applied to the Guinness Book of World Records for status of most-blocked website. English language articles on

Data dissemination

Data dissemination is the distribution or transmitting of statistical, or other, data to end users. There are many ways organisations can release data to the public, i.e. electronic format, CD-ROM and paper publications such as PDF files based on aggregated data. The most popular dissemination method today is the ‘non-proprietary’ open systems using internet protocols. “They are used in data dissemination through various communication infrastructures across any set of interconnected networks.” Data is made available in common open formats. Some organisations choose to disseminate data using ‘proprietary’ databases in order to protect their sovereignty and copyright of the data. Proprietary data dissemination requires a specific piece of software in order for end users to view the data; the data will not open in common open formats. The data is first converted into the proprietary data format, designed software is provided by the organisation to users. Under the Special Data Dissemination Standard, the formats are divided into two categories: "hardcopy" and "electronic" publications Some examples of Hardcopy publications: yearbook panorama of municipalities monthly review trends pocketbook periodicalSome examples of electronic copy publications: CD Rom Webpage PDF Downloadable Databases for private use in 3rd party software applications Standards have been developed in order to provide an internationally accepted statistical methodology for the dissemination of statistical data.

The ‘International Organization for Standardization’ are one such international standard-setting body made up of representatives from various national standards organizations. They created the SDMX standard used around the world. SDMX stands for ‘Statistical Data and Metadata Exchange’, it is used in national and international statistical and economic data sharing systems. This standard is for the exchange of essential social and economic statistics, for example between European national agencies and Eurostat and the European Central Bank. SDMX is used for the dissemination of multi-dimensional aggregated data; the Data Documentation Initiative was created by the DDI Alliance. DDI is an open metadata specification and covers the full data life cycle from planning through to dissemination and archiving data, it is not limited to this subject area. There are some examples online; the following portals provide users with access to statistical data online from leading statistical agencies: Public Transport Victoria Online Portal Health Workforce Australia Online Portal Cancer Council Victoria Online Portal Catholic Education Office Canberra Online Portal Department of Workplace and Pensions UK Online Portal Australian Bureau of Statistics Table builder Table Builder Online Portal King Faisal Specialist Hospital Research Centre Online Portal

Protective Life

Protective Life Corporation is a financial service holding company in Birmingham, Alabama. The company's primary subsidiary, Protective Life Insurance Company, was established in 1907 and now markets its products and services in all 50 states; as of December 31, 2018, the corporation had more than 2,957 employees, annual revenues of $5.04 billion and assets of $90 billion. In addition to Protective Life Insurance Company, Protective Life Corporation's subsidiaries include West Coast Life Insurance Company, MONY Life Insurance Company, Protective Life And Annuity Insurance Company, ProEquities Inc./Protective Securities, Protective Property and Casualty Insurance Company. Protective Life Insurance Company was founded in 1907 and paid its first death claim in 1909. In 1927, Protective merged with Alabama National Insurance Company, Alabama National's president, Samuel Clabaugh, became the president of the combined companies, which continued to do business as Protective. In 1937, Clabaugh turned over the leadership of the company to Col. William J. Rushton, in 1969, Col. Rushton's son, William “Billy” J. Rushton III, became president of Protective.

The younger Rushton presided over a series of acquisitions that led Protective into all 50 states. As part of this push, Drayton Nabers Jr. became CEO in 1992 and in 1993, Protective Life Corporation was listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol PL. In 1997, Protective Life acquired West Coast Life. Nabers retired in 2002 and Harvard Business School graduate John D. Johns was named president and CEO of Protective Life. John D. Johns served as president and chief executive officer until 2017 and as chairman of the board from January 2003 to November 2019. Johns has been a director since May 1997 and an employee of the company and its subsidiaries since 1993. In 2007, Protective Life celebrated its 100th anniversary, just one year after its acquisition of Chase Insurance Group in 2006. In 2013, Protective's principal subsidiary, Protective Life Insurance Company completed the acquisition of MONY Life Insurance Company and reinsured certain policies of MONY Life Insurance Company of America.

The total transaction price was $1.06 billion. On July 1, 2017, Rich Bielen became Chief Executive Officer, he joined Protective in 1991 with responsibility for the company's securities portfolio and became Chief Investment Officer and Treasurer in 2002. He became Vice Chairman and Chief Financial Officer in 2007. In January 2016, Mr. Bielen was named Chief Operating Officer. On June 1, 2019, Protective closed its largest transaction to date to acquire via reinsurance all of the individual life and annuity business of Great-West Life & Annuity Insurance Company; the acquisition represented an estimated capital investment of $1.20 billion. Protective Life has offices in Alabama, Illinois, Nebraska, New Hampshire and Tennessee. Protective Life Corporation was acquired by The Dai-ichi Life Insurance Company, Limited on February 15, 2015. Protective Life Corporation leadership includes Richard J. Bielen, Mike Temple, Scott Adams, Mark Drew, Nancy Kane, Carl S. Thigpen, Steven G. Walker and Wendy Evesque.

The company's board of directors includes W. Michael Warren, Jr. Richard J. Bielen, John J. McMahon, Jr. Jesse J. Spikes, Norimitsu Kawahara, Tetsuya Kikuta, Vanessa Leonard, Toshiaki Sumino, Ungyong Shu and William A. Terry; the company offers plans in: Life insurance, including universal life, variable universal life, bank-owned life insurance products offered through a network of brokers and independent marketing organizations. Annuities, including fixed and variable annuity products sold through broker-dealers, financial institutions and brokers. Stable value products, including fixed and floating-rate funding agreements sold to the trustees of municipal bond proceeds, institutional investors, bank trust departments and money market funds. Asset protection, marketing extended service contracts and credit life and disability insurance to protect consumers’ investments in automobiles and recreational vehicles. Acquisitions, consisting of policies originated by other companies and acquired by Protective.

The segment's primary focus is on life insurance policies and annuity products that were sold to individuals. In April 2019, Protective Life was announced as the naming sponsor for a 55,000-seat football stadium on the grounds of the Birmingham–Jefferson Convention Complex, scheduled for completion in 2021. Protective Stadium will become the new home for UAB Blazers football; the company established the Protective Life Foundation, which supports education and healthy development of at-risk youth. In addition, the foundation engages charitable activities to cultural organizations and community initiatives, human services groups, the United Way. Protective Life's Website

Zainab bint Muhammad

Zainab bint Muhammad was the eldest daughter of the Islamic prophet Muhammad by his first wife Khadija bint Khuwaylid. She married her maternal cousin, Abu al-As ibn al-Rabi', before December 610, Khadija gave her a wedding present of an onyx necklace, they had two children, who died in childhood, daughter Umama.. Zainab became a Muslim; the Quraysh pressured Abu al-As to divorce Zainab, saying they would give him any woman he liked in exchange, but Abu al-As said that he did not want any other woman, a stance for which Muhammad commended him. Muhammad had no jurisdiction over Mecca and therefore could not force them to separate, so they continued to live together despite Abu al-As's refusal to convert to Islam. Zainab remained in Mecca. Abu al-As was one of the polytheists, captured at the Battle of Badr. Zainab sent the money for his ransom, including the onyx necklace; when Muhammad saw the necklace, he refused to accept any cash ransom for his son-in-law. He sent Abu al-As home, Abu al-As promised to send Zainab to Medina.

IZainab accepted this instruction. About a month after the battle, Zainab's adopted brother, arrived in Mecca to escort her to Medina, she entered a hawdaj and her brother-in-law, led the camel to Zayd in broad daylight. The Quraysh perceived this as an unnecessary flaunting of Muhammad's triumph at Badr. A group of them overtook her at Dhu Tuwa. A man named Habbar ibn Al-Aswad pushed her, she fell out of the hawdaj onto a rock. Kinana threatened to kill anyone who came any closer. Abu Sufyan arrived, telling Kinana to put away his bow so that they could discuss it rationally, he said that they had no intention of keeping a woman from her father in revenge for Badr, but that it was wrong of Kinana to humiliate the Quraysh further by parading her removal in public. Kinana took Zainab home again. There she suffered a miscarriage, losing a great deal of blood, which she attributed to having been assaulted by Habbar. A few nights Kinana took her to meet Zayd, he escorted her to Medina. Anas ibn Malik recalled seeing Zainab in Medina wearing a striped silk cloak.

Zainab did not see her husband again until September or October 627, when he entered her house in Medina by night, asking for protection. Muslim raiders had stolen some merchandise that he was keeping in trust for other Quraysh, he wanted to try to recover it; the next morning, Zainab sat among the women at dawn prayers and shouted: "I have given protection to Abu al-As ibn al-Rabi!" As soon as prayers were over, Muhammad confirmed that he had not known anything about it, but "We protect whomever she protects." He told Zainab to treat Abu al-As like a guest. He arranged for the Quraysh merchandise to be returned, Abu al-As took it to its owners in Mecca. Abu al-As converted to Islam and returned to Medina. Muhammad restored his marriage to Zainab, they resumed their married life, their reconciliation was short-lived, for Zainab died in May or June 629. Her death was attributed to complications from the miscarriage that she had suffered in 624; the women who washed her dead body included Baraka and Umm Salama.

One source states: At one time there were three girls living in the household of Khadija. Their names were Zainab and Umm Kulthoom. Zainab, the eldest of the three, was married to one Abul-'As ibn er-Rabi' of Makkah; this man fought against the Prophet in the battle of Badr, was captured by the Muslims. To ransom his freedom, his wife sent to the Prophet, a necklace which at one time had belonged to Khadija, she had given it to her as a present on her marriage. Abul-'As was set free. Zainab, died soon after her arrival in Medina. Abul-'As went to Medina, accepted Islam, lived with the Muslims. Muhammad in Islam Children of Muhammad Fatimah Genealogy of Khadijah's daughters Sahabah Quraysh family tree