Port Townsend, Washington
Port Townsend is a city in Jefferson County, United States. The population was 9,113 at the 2010 United States Census and an estimated 9,551 in 2017, it only incorporated city of Jefferson County. In addition to its natural scenery at the northeast tip of the Olympic Peninsula, the city is known for the many Victorian buildings remaining from its late 19th-century heyday, numerous annual cultural events, as a maritime center for independent boatbuilders and related industries and crafts; the Port Townsend Historic District is a U. S. National Historic Landmark District; the bay was named "Port Townshend" by Captain George Vancouver in 1792, for his friend the Marquis of Townshend. It was recognized as a good safe harbor, although strong south winds and poor holding ground make small-craft anchorage problematic off the town's waterfront; the official European-American settlement of the city of the same name took place on April 24, 1851. American Indian tribes located in what is now Jefferson County in the mid-19th century included the Chimakum, Klallam and Twana.
Port Townsend is called the "City of Dreams" because of the early speculation that the city would be the largest harbor on the west coast of the United States. Guarding the gate of Puget Sound, it would become known by its other nickname, the "Key City", a title that remains to this day. By the late 19th century, Port Townsend was a well-known seaport active and banking on the future. Many homes and buildings were built during that time, with most of the architecture ornate Victorian. During this period, in 1888, the Port Townsend Police Department was established. Railroads were built to reach more areas in the 1870-1890s, Port Townsend was to be the northwest extension of the rail lines, its port was large and frequented by overseas vessels, so shipping of goods and timber from the area was a major part of the economy. Many of the buildings were built on the speculation that Port Townsend would become a booming shipping port and major city; when the depression hit, those plans lost the capital to continue and rail lines ended on the east side of Puget Sound in Tumwater and Seattle.
With the other Puget Sound ports growing in size, Port Townsend saw a rapid decline in population when the Northern Pacific Railroad failed to connect the city to the eastern Puget Sound city of Tacoma. By the late 1890s, the boom was over. Without the railroad to spur economic growth, the town shrank and investors looked elsewhere to make a good return. Over the decades that followed, Port Townsend maintained its economic stability in a variety of ways, including the development of artillery fortifications at Fort Worden. Many people left the area, many buildings were abandoned. Port Townsend's economy was weak until the 1920s, when a paper mill was built on the edge of the town; the bay is now home to Naval Magazine Indian Island, the US Navy's primary munitions-handling dock on the Pacific coast. Since the 1970s new residents, including many retirees, have moved to town; the waterfront retail district has restaurants and tourist destinations. Since 1999, the city has had an annual international film festival in September.
Other cultural programming, some at Fort Worden, now a state park, includes a Wooden Boat Festival, writers' conference, blues and jazz festivals, in addition to music and live theatre performances. The town has two independent movie theaters, both upgraded by 2014 to handle digital film; because of the speed at which the economy declined in the 1890s and the lack of any industry to replace it, none of the Victorian buildings were torn down or built over in the intervening period. They were preserved for nearly 100 years, when the value of protecting them was appreciated and fostered; the Port Townsend Historic District, an area including many Victorian-era buildings, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976. It was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1977. Port Townsend is noted for significant historical buildings; the city has more than a dozen large, well-preserved buildings, including the Port Townsend Public Library, the Federal Building, the Rose Theatre, the Elks Lodge, which now houses Silverwater Cafe.
Fort Worden, now a state park, has retained some of its pre-World War I architecture built when it was a military facility. Buildings have been adapted for other uses, including the publicly available Olympic Youth Hostel, which closed in 2011; the Jefferson County Courthouse is in a Romanesque architectural style, as popularized by Henry Hobson Richardson, with a 125-foot bell tower. In 1976, the Downtown waterfront and parts of Uptown were designated a Registered Historic District. Fort Worden and the City of Port Townsend were designated National Historic Landmarks; the city is one of three Victorian seaports on the National Register of Historic Places. The Bell Tower on the bluff above downtown is one of two known towers of this type in the United States, it was used from 1890 to the 1940s to call volunteer firefighters. It was restored in 2003 by the Jefferson County Historical Society; the second bell tower is located in Helena and was used for fire alarms during the late 19th century. The sign entering town calls Port Townsend a "Victorian Seaport and Arts Community."
Port Townsend is host to several annual events such as the Port Townsend Wooden Boat festival, Kinetic Skulpture Race [sic
Rita Frances Dove is an American poet and essayist. From 1993 to 1995, she served as Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress, she is the first African American to have been appointed since the position was created by an act of Congress in 1986 from the previous "consultant in poetry" position. Dove received an appointment as "special consultant in poetry" for the Library of Congress's bicentennial year from 1999 to 2000. Dove is the second African American to receive the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry, in 1987, she served as the Poet Laureate of Virginia from 2004 to 2006. Rita Dove was born in Akron, Ohio, to Ray Dove, one of the first African-American chemists to work in the U. S. tire industry, Elvira Hord, who achieved honors in high school and would share her passion for reading with her daughter. In 1970, Dove graduated from Buchtel High School as a Presidential Scholar. Dove graduated summa cum laude with a B. A. from Miami University in 1973. In 1974, she held a Fulbright Scholarship from Germany.
She received her MFA from the Iowa Writers' Workshop at the University of Iowa in 1977. Dove taught creative writing at Arizona State University from 1981 to 1989, she received the 1987 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry. In 1992, she was named United States Poet Laureate by the Librarian of Congress, an office she held from 1993 to 1995. At the age of 40, Dove was the youngest person to hold the position and is the first African American to hold the position since the title was changed to Poet Laureate. Early in her tenure as poet laureate, Dove was featured by Bill Moyers in a one-hour interview on his PBS prime-time program Bill Moyers Journal. Since 1989, she has been teaching at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, where she holds the chair of Commonwealth Professor of English. Rita Dove served as a Special Bicentennial Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress in 1999/2000, along with Louise Glück and W. S. Merwin. In 2004, then-governor Mark Warner of Virginia appointed her to a two-year position as Poet Laureate of Virginia.
In her public posts, Dove concentrated on spreading the word about poetry and increasing public awareness of the benefits of literature. As United States Poet Laureate, for example, she brought together writers to explore the African diaspora through the eyes of its artists. Dove was on the board of the Associated Writing Programs from 1985 to 1988, she led the organization as its president from 1986 to 1987. From 1994 to 2000, she was a senator of the national academic honor society Phi Beta Kappa. From 2006 to 2012, she served as a chancellor of the Academy of American Poets. Since 1991, she has been on the jury of the annual Anisfield-Wolf Book Awards—from 1991 to 1996 serving together with Ashley Montagu and Henry Louis Gates. In the spring of 2018, Dove was named poetry editor of The New York Times Magazine. Dove's work can not be confined to a specific school in contemporary literature, her most famous work to date is Thomas and Beulah, published by Carnegie-Mellon University Press in 1986, a collection of poems loosely based on the lives of her maternal grandparents, for which she received the Pulitzer Prize in 1987.
Dove has published ten volumes of poetry, a book of short stories, a collection of essays, a novel, Through the Ivory Gate. Her Collected Poems 1974–2004 was released by W. W. Norton in 2016. In 1994, she published the play The Darker Face of the Earth, which premiered at the Oregon Shakespeare Festival in Ashland, Oregon in 1996, she collaborated with composer John Williams on the song cycle Seven for Luck. For "America's Millennium", the White House's 1999/2000 New Year's celebration, Ms. Dove contributed — in a live reading at the Lincoln Memorial, accompanied by John Williams' music — a poem to Steven Spielberg's documentary The Unfinished Journey. Dove's most ambitious collection of poetry, Sonata Mulattica, was published in 2009. Over its more than 200 pages, it "has the sweep and vivid characters of a novel", as Mark Doty wrote in O, The Oprah Magazine. Dove edited The Penguin Anthology of 20th-Century American Poetry, published in 2011; the collection provoked heated controversy as some critics complained that she valued an inclusive, populist agenda over quality.
Poet John Olson commented that "her exclusions are breathtaking". Well-known poets left out include Sylvia Plath, Allen Ginsberg, Sterling Brown, Louis Zukofsky, George Oppen, Charles Reznikoff and Lorine Niedecker; as Dove explained in her foreword and in media interviews, she had selected works by Plath and Brown but these as well as some other poets were left out against her editorial wishes. Critic Helen Vendler condemned Dove's choices, asking "why are we b
Iowa City, Iowa
Iowa City is a city in Johnson County, United States. It is the home of the University of Iowa and county seat of Johnson County, at the center of the Iowa City Metropolitan Statistical Area; the U. S. Census Bureau estimated the city's population at 75,798 in 2017, making it the state's fifth-largest city. Iowa City is the county seat of Johnson County; the metropolitan area, which encompasses Johnson and Washington counties, has a population of over 171,000. Iowa City was the second capital of the Iowa Territory and the first capital city of the State of Iowa; the Old Capitol building is a National Historic Landmark in the center of the University of Iowa campus. The University of Iowa Art Museum and Plum Grove, the home of the first Governor of Iowa, are tourist attractions. In 2008, Forbes magazine named Iowa City the second-best small metropolitan area for doing business in the United States. Iowa City was created by an act of Legislative Assembly of the Iowa Territory on January 21, 1839, fulfilling the desire of Governor Robert Lucas to move the capital out of Burlington and closer to the center of the territory.
This act began: An Act to locate the Seat of Government of the Territory of Iowa... so soon as the place shall be selected, the consent of the United States obtained, the commissioners shall proceed to lay out a town to be called "Iowa City". Commissioners Chauncey Swan and John Ronalds met on May 1 in the small settlement of Napoleon, south of present-day Iowa City, to select a site for the new capital city; the following day the commissioners selected a site on bluffs above the Iowa River north of Napoleon, placed a stake in the center of the proposed site and began planning the new capital city. Commissioner Swan, in a report to the legislature in Burlington, described the site: Iowa City is located on a section of land laying in the form of an amphitheater. There is an eminence on the west near the river, running parallel with it." By June of that year, the town had been platted and surveyed from Brown St. in the north to Burlington St. in the south, from the Iowa River eastward to Governor St.
While Iowa City was selected as the territorial capital in 1839, it did not become the capital city until 1841. The capitol building was completed in 1842, the last four territorial legislatures and the first six Iowa General Assemblies met there until 1857, when the state capital was moved to Des Moines. John F. Rague is credited with designing the Territorial Capitol Building, he had designed the 1837 capitol of Illinois and was supervising its construction when he got the commission to design the new Iowa capitol in 1839. He quit the Iowa project after five months, claiming his design was not followed, but the resemblance to the Illinois capitol suggests he influenced the final Iowa design. One surviving 1839 sketch of the proposed capital shows a radically different layout, with two domes and a central tower; the cornerstone of the Old Capitol Building was laid in Iowa City on July 4, 1840. Iowa City served as the third and last territorial capital of Iowa, the last four territorial legislatures met at the Old Capitol Building until December 28, 1846, when Iowa was admitted into the United States as the 29th state of the union.
Iowa City was declared the state capital of Iowa, the government convened in the Old Capitol Building. Oakland Cemetery was deeded to "the people of Iowa City" by the Iowa territorial legislature on February 13, 1843; the original plot was one block square, with the southwest corner at Church. Over the years the cemetery now encompasses 40 acres. Oakland Cemetery is a non-perpetual care city cemetery; this cemetery is supported by city taxes. The staff is committed to the maintenance and preservation of owned lots and accessories. Since its establishment, the cemetery has become the final resting place of many men and women important in the history of Iowa, of Iowa City and the University of Iowa; these include first governor of the territory. S. senator in 1877, subsequently secretary of the interior and U. S. minister to Spain. Weber, noted Iowa City historian, it is home to the legendary monument called the "Black Angel", an 8.5 foot tall monument for the Feldevert family erected in 1912. The facts behind the Black Angel long ago gave way to myths and legend surrounding its mysterious change in color from a golden bronze cast to an eerie black.
Founded in 1847, today's University of Iowa is recognized as one of the nation's top public universities, offering more than 100 areas of study for its 31,112 students. The institution's Writers' Workshop is internationally acclaimed, having fostered the creative talents of Wallace Stegner, Raymond Carver, Flannery O'Connor, T. C. Boyle, Rita Dove, John Casey, John Irving, Gail Godwin and Jane Smiley, having as permanent or visiting faculty many prominent writers including its early director Paul Engle, Philip Roth, John Cheever, Nelson Algren, Frank Conroy, Marilynne Robinson and Kurt Vonnegut; the University includes one of the leading medical schools and one of the largest university-owned teaching hospitals in the nation. Providing patient care within 16 medical specialties, the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics have been named one of "America's Best Hospitals" by U. S. News & World Report magazine. Iowa City is home to Mercy Hos
National Endowment for the Arts
The National Endowment for the Arts is an independent agency of the United States federal government that offers support and funding for projects exhibiting artistic excellence. It was created by an act of the U. S. Congress in 1965 as an independent agency of the federal government; the NEA has its offices in Washington, D. C, it was awarded Tony Honors for Excellence in Theatre in 1995, as well as the Special Tony Award in 2016. The NEA is "dedicated to supporting excellence in the arts, both established. Between 1965 and 2008, the agency has made in excess of 128,000 grants, totaling more than $5 billion. From the mid-1980s to the mid-1990s, Congress granted the NEA an annual funding of between $160 and $180 million. In 1996, Congress cut the NEA funding to $99.5 million as a result of pressure from conservative groups, including the American Family Association, who criticized the agency for using tax dollars to fund controversial artists such as Barbara DeGenevieve, Andres Serrano, Robert Mapplethorpe, the performance artists known as the "NEA Four".
Since 1996, the NEA has rebounded with a 2015 budget of $146.21 million. For FY 2010, the budget reached the level it was at during the mid-1990s at $167.5 million but fell again in FY 2011 with a budget of $154 million. The NEA is governed by a Chairman appointed by the President to a four-year term and confirmed by Congress; the NEA's advisory committee, the National Council on the Arts, advises the Chairman on policies and programs, as well as reviewing grant applications, fundraising guidelines, leadership initiative. This body consists of 14 individuals appointed by the President for their expertise and knowledge in the arts, in addition to six ex officio members of Congress who serve in a non-voting capacity. On June 12, 2014, Dr. Jane Chu was confirmed as the 11th Chair of the NEA by the Senate, after having been nominated by President Barack Obama in February of the same year; the NEA offers grants in the categories of: 1) Grants for Arts Projects, 2) National Initiatives, 3) Partnership Agreements.
Grants for Arts Projects support exemplary projects in the discipline categories of artist communities, arts education, design and traditional arts, local arts agencies, media arts, music, musical theater, presenting and visual arts. The NEA grants individual fellowships in literature to creative writers and translators of exceptional talent in the areas of prose and poetry; the NEA has partnerships in the areas of state and regional, international activities, design. The state arts agencies and regional arts organizations are the NEA's primary partners in serving the American people through the arts. Forty percent of all NEA funding goes to regional arts organizations. Additionally, the NEA awards three Lifetime Honors: NEA National Heritage Fellowships to master folk and traditional artists, NEA Jazz Masters Fellowships to jazz musicians and advocates, NEA Opera Honors to individuals who have made extraordinary contributions to opera in the United States; the NEA manages the National Medal of Arts, awarded annually by the President.
Artist William Powhida has noted that "in one single auction, wealthy collectors bought a billion dollars in contemporary art at Christie's in New York." He further commented: "If you had a 2 percent tax just on the auctions in New York you could double the NEA budget in two nights." The NEA is the federal agency responsible for recognizing outstanding achievement in the arts. It does this by awarding three lifetime achievement awards; the NEA Jazz Masters Fellowships is awarded to individuals who have made significant contributions to the art of jazz. The NEA National Heritage Fellowships is awarded for artistic excellence and accomplishments for American's folk and traditional arts; the National Medal of Arts is awarded by the President of the United States and NEA for outstanding contributions to the excellence, growth and availability of the arts in the United States. Upon entering office in 1981, the incoming Ronald Reagan administration intended to push Congress to abolish the NEA over a three-year period.
Reagan's first director of the Office of Management and Budget, David A. Stockman, thought the NEA and the National Endowment for the Humanities were "good to bring to a halt because they went too far, they would be easy to defeat." Another proposal would have halved the arts endowment budget. However, these plans were abandoned when the President's special task force on the arts and humanities, which included close Reagan allies such as conservatives Charlton Heston and Joseph Coors, discovered "the needs involved and benefits of past assistance," concluding that continued federal support was important. Frank Hodsoll became the chairman of the NEA in 1981, while the department's budget decreased from $158.8 million in 1981 to $143.5 million, by 1989 it was $169.1 million, the highest it had been. In 1989, Donald Wildmon of the American Family Association held a press conference attacking what he called "anti-Christian bigotry," in an exhibition by photographer Andres Serrano; the work at the center of the controversy was Piss Christ, a photo of a plastic crucifix submerged in a vial of an amber fluid described by the artist as his own urine.
Republican Senators Jesse Helms and Al D'Amato began to rally against the NEA, expanded the attack to include other artists. Prominent conservative Christian figures including Pat Robertson of the 700 Club and Pat Buchanan joined the attacks. Republican representative Dick Armey, an opponent of federal arts funding, began
University of Washington
The University of Washington is a public research university in Seattle, Washington. Founded in 1861, Washington was first established in downtown Seattle a decade after the city's founding to aid its economic development. Today, the university's 703-acre main Seattle campus is situated in the University District above the Montlake Cut, within the urban Puget Sound region of the Pacific Northwest; the university has two additional campuses in Bothell. Overall, UW encompasses over 500 buildings and over 20 million gross square footage of space, including one of the largest library systems in the world with over 26 university libraries, as well as the UW Tower, lecture halls, art centers, laboratories and conference centers; the university offers bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees through 140 departments in various colleges and schools, sees about 46,000 in total student enrollment every year, functions on a quarter system. Washington is a member of the Association of American Universities and classified as an R1 Doctoral Research University classification under the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education.
It is cited as a leading university in the world for scientific performance and research output by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings and the CWTS Leiden Ranking. In the 2015 fiscal year, the UW received nearly $1.2 billion in research funding, the 3rd largest among all universities in the United States. As the flagship institution of the six public universities in Washington State, it is known for its research in medicine, science, as well as its highly-competitive computer science and engineering programs. Additionally, Washington continues to benefit from its deep historical ties and major collaborations with numerous technology giants in the region, such as Amazon, Boeing and Microsoft. Paul G. Allen, Bill Gates and others spent significant time at Washington computer labs for a prior venture before founding Microsoft, its 22 varsity sports teams are highly competitive, competing as the Huskies in the Pac-12 Conference of the NCAA Division I, representing the United States at the Olympic Games, other major competitions.
The University has been affiliated with many notable alumni and faculty, including 20 Nobel Prize laureates and numerous Pulitzer Prize winners, Fulbright Scholars, Rhodes Scholars, Marshall Scholars, as well as members of other distinguished institutions. In 1854, territorial governor Isaac Stevens recommended the establishment of a university in the Washington Territory. Prominent Seattle-area residents, including Methodist preacher Daniel Bagley, saw this as a chance to add to the city's potential and prestige. Bagley learned of a law that allowed United States territories to sell land to raise money in support of public schools. At the time, Arthur A. Denny, an early founder of Seattle and member of the territorial legislature, aimed to increase the city's importance by moving the territory's capital from Olympia to Seattle. However, Bagley convinced Denny that the establishment of a university would assist more in the development of Seattle's economy. Two universities were chartered, but the decision was repealed in favor of a single university in Lewis County provided that locally donated land was available.
When no site emerged, Denny petitioned the legislature to reconsider Seattle as a location in 1858. In 1861, scouting began for an appropriate 10 acres site in Seattle to serve as a new university campus. Arthur and Mary Denny donated eight acres, while fellow pioneers Edward Lander, Charlie and Mary Terry, donated two acres on Denny's Knoll in downtown Seattle. More this tract was bounded by 4th Avenue to the west, 6th Avenue to the east, Union Street to the north, Seneca Streets to the south. John Pike, for whom Pike Street is named was the builder. On November 4, 1861, the university opened as the Territorial University of Washington; the legislature passed articles incorporating the University, establishing its Board of Regents in 1862. The school struggled, closing three times: in 1863 for low enrollment and again in 1867 and 1876 due to funds shortage. Washington awarded its first graduate Clara Antoinette McCarty Wilt in 1876, with a bachelor's degree in science. By the time Washington State entered the Union in 1889, both Seattle and the University had grown substantially.
Washington's total undergraduate enrollment increased from 30 to nearly 300 students, the campus's relative isolation in downtown Seattle faced encroaching development. A special legislative committee, headed by UW graduate Edmond Meany, was created to find a new campus to better serve the growing student population and faculty; the committee selected a site on the northeast of downtown Seattle called Union Bay, the land of the Duwamish, the legislature appropriated funds for its purchase and construction. In 1895, the University relocated to the new campus by moving into the newly built Denny Hall; the University Regents tried and failed to sell the old campus settling with leasing the area. This would become one of the University's most valuable pieces of real estate in modern-day Seattle, generating millions in annual revenue with what is now called the Metropolitan Tract; the original Territorial University building was torn down in 1908, its former site now houses the Fairmont Olympic Hotel.
The sole-surviving remnants of Washington's first building are four 24-foot, hand-fluted cedar, Ionic columns. They were salvaged by Edmond S. Meany, one of the University's first graduates and former head of its history dep
Juan Felipe Herrera
Juan Felipe Herrera is a poet, writer, cartoonist and activist. Herrera was the 21st United States Poet Laureate from 2015 to 2017. Herrera's experiences as the child of migrant farmers have shaped his work, such as the children's book Calling the Doves, which won the Ezra Jack Keats Book Award in 1997. Community and art have always been part of what has driven Herrera, beginning in the mid-1970s, when he was director of the Centro Cultural de la Raza, an occupied water tank in Balboa Park, converted into an arts space for the community. Herrera’s publications include fourteen collections of poetry, short stories, young adult novels and picture books for children, with twenty-one books in total in the last decade, his 2007 volume 187 Reasons Mexicanos Can't Cross the Border: Undocuments 1971-2007 contains texts in both Spanish and English that examine the cultural hybridity that "revolve around questions of identity" on the U. S.-Mexico border. Herrera was awarded the 2008 National Book Critics Circle Award in Poetry for Half the World in Light.
In 2012, he was appointed California Poet Laureate by Gov. Jerry Brown. In 2011, Herrera was elected a Chancellor of the Academy of American Poets. In 2015, Herrera was appointed as the nation's first Chicano poet laureate. On June 11, 2016, Herrera was awarded an honorary Doctorate from Oregon State University. Son of farm workers María de la Luz Quintana and Felipe Emilio Herrera, Juan Felipe Herrera lived from crop to crop and from tractor to trailer to tents on the roads of the San Joaquín Valley and the [[Salischolarship to attend the University of California, Los Angeles where he received his B. A. in Social Anthropology. He received his Masters in Social Anthropology from Stanford University, his Masters in Fine Arts in Creative Writing from the University of Iowa. In 1990, he was a distinguished teaching fellow at the University of Iowa Writers’ Workshop. After serving as chair of the Chicano and Latin American Studies Department at California State University, Fresno, in 2005, Herrera joined the Creative Writing Department at University of California, Riverside, as the Tomás Rivera Endowed Chair.
He became director of the Art and Barbara Culver Center for the Arts, a new multimedia space in downtown Riverside. Herrera resides in Redlands, California with his partner Margarita Robles, a performance artist and poet, he has five children. Herrera's experience as a campesino has influenced his works. Traveling from the San Joaquín Valley to San Diego's Logan Heights, San Francisco's Mission District has left him three distinct Californias from which he draws inspiration. Growing up in the'60s and attending college in the'70s during the Chicano Movement and more experimental writing such as the Beat Poets, writers like Luis Valdez and Allen Ginsberg inspired Herrera; the great era of artistic experimentation has inspired his writing style in which he challenges the borders between styles, forms and genres. Herrera, a writer crossing borders writes about social issues. Ilan Stavans, a Mexican American essayist, has said, “the past three decades in Chicano literature and his name is Juan Felipe Herrera.
Aesthetically, he leaps over so many canons that he winds up on the outer limits of urban song.”. New York Times critic Stephen Burt praised Herrera as one of the first poets to create “a new hybrid art, part oral, part written, part English, part something else: an art grounded in ethnic identity, fueled by collective pride, yet irreducibly individual too.” Juan Felipe has received grants to teach poetry and performance in several different settings, including community art galleries such as the Galería de la Raza in San Francisco, California, in 1983-85, develop community art and literature broadsides in San Diego, teach poetry in prisons. His current work focuses on working with community colleges and schools in the Riverside country and in Coachella Valley. After being named California’s Poet Laureate by Governor Jerry Brown in 2012, Herrera created the i-Promise Joanna/Yo te Prometo Joanna Project, an anti-bullying poetry project. Joanna was an elementary school girl, bullied and killed in an afterschool fight.
The first half asks students to send in poems about the effects of bullying. The second half of the project is to take action in preventing bullying, he hopes to publish it as a book in the future. Americas Award 2008 National Book Critics Circle Award in Poetry for Half the World in Light 2009 PEN/Beyond Margins Award 2010 Guggenheim Fellowship Breadloaf Fellowship in Poetry California Arts Council grants Cooperative Children’s Book Center Choice Focal Award Ezra Jack Keats Award, for Calling the Doves Hungry Mind Award of Distinction Independent Publisher Book Award IRA Teacher’s Choice Latino Hall of Fame Poetry Awards Los Angeles Times Book Award Nomination National Endowment for the Arts Writers’ Fellowship Awards New York Public Library Outstanding Book for High School Students Award Pura Belpré Honors Award Smithsonian Children’s Book of the Year Award Stanford Chicano Fellows Fellowship Texas Blue Bonnet Nomination UC Berkeley Regent’s Fellowship Rebozos of Love. Tolteca Publications.
1974. Exiles of Desire. Arte Publico Press. University of Houston. 1985. Facegames. Dragon Cloud Press. 1987. Akrílica. Alcatraz Editions. 1989. Memoria from an Exile's Notebook of the Future. Santa Monica College Press. 1993. The Roots of a Thousand Embraces: Dialogues. Manic D Press. San Francisco. 1994. Night Train to Tuxtla: New Stories and Poems. University of Arizona. 1994. Calling the Doves / Canto
Pacific University is a private university in Forest Grove, Oregon. Founded in 1849 as the Tualatin Academy, the university's original Forest Grove campus is 23 miles west of Portland, while the university maintains three other campuses in the cities of Eugene and Woodburn. Founded by the United Church of Christ, the university's motto is Pro Christo et Regno Ejus, Latin for "For Christ and His Kingdom," and has an enrollment of more than 3,500 students. Although the university has long been independent of the UCC, it still maintains a close working relationship with the church as a member of the United Church of Christ Council for Higher Education; the university is now a small private, independent liberal arts school, offering graduate programs in education, writing, health professions and business. Tabitha Brown, a pioneer emigrant from Massachusetts, immigrated to the Oregon Country over the new Applegate Trail in 1846. After arriving in Oregon she helped to start an orphanage and school along with Rev. Harvey L. Clark in Forest Grove in 1847 to care for the orphans of Applegate Trail party.
In March 1848, Tualatin Academy was established from the orphanage with Clark donating 200 acres to the school. George H. Atkinson had advocated the founding of the school and with support of the Presbyterians and Congregationalists helped to start the academy. Eliza Hart Spalding, part of the Whitman Mission, was its first teacher; the academy was chartered by the territorial legislature on September 29, 1849. The reverend Clark served as the first president of the board of trustees and donated an additional 150 acres to the institution. In 1851, what is now Old College Hall was built and in 1853 Sidney H. Marsh became the school's first president; the current campus was deeded in 1851. In 1854, the institution became Pacific University; the first commencement occurred in 1863 with Harvey W. Scott as the only graduate. In 1872, three Japanese students started at the university as part of that country's modernization movement, with all three graduating in 1876; these students were Hatstara Tamura, Kin Saito, Yei Nosea.
President Marsh was replaced by John R. Herrick. In the late 1890s an alumnus gave Pacific a Chinese statuette; the statuette was purchased from a Chinese family. It appears to be a mix of a several different mythical creatures although it is simply called a "dragon dog" and serves as the foundation for the university's mascot, the Boxer. Marsh Hall was built in 1895 and named for Pacific's first president, serving as the central building on Pacific's campus. Carnegie Library opened in 1912 after Andrew Carnegie's foundation helped finance the brick structure; the library was designed by Lewis. In 1915, the preparatory department, Tualatin Academy, closed due to the proliferation of public high schools in the state. By 1920, the school had grown to a total of five buildings on 30 acres and had an endowment of $250,000. Marsh Hall was gutted by fire in 1975, but its shell was preserved, the structure reopened in 1977. Dr. Phillip D. Creighton became Pacific's sixteenth president in August 2003 and retired in June 2009.
Tommy Thayer, lead guitarist of the band KISS, was elected to the university's board of trustees in 2005. Pacific's seventeenth president, Dr. Lesley M. Hallick, was named on May 19, 2009. Pacific University is located on four campuses in the state of Oregon in the cities of Forest Grove, Hillsboro and Woodburn; the Forest Grove Campus features several historic buildings. Old College Hall is the oldest educational building west of the Mississippi and today serves as Pacific University's museum. Carnegie Hall, the university's first dedicated library building, was constructed in 1912 and today is home to the undergraduate Psychology Department. Marsh Hall, at the center of campus, houses several classrooms and faculty offices, in addition to administrative offices and a small auditorium; the Forest Grove Campus opened a new residence hall, Cascade Hall, in 2014. The Forest Grove Campus is home to a new university library, built and earned Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design certification in 2005, the LEED-certified Berglund Hall, which houses the College of Education and a community preschool, the additional LEED Gold certified residence halls and Gilbert.
The Bill & Cathy Stoller Center is home to all of the university's intercollegiate athletic teams, athletic offices and the Department of Exercise Science. It features more than 95,000 square feet of floor space, including team rooms, locker rooms, classrooms, a wood-floor gymnasium, a weight and fitness center and the Fieldhouse, the first indoor practice area in the Northwest Conference and the only one with FieldTurf. Outside the Stoller Center is the entrance to Hanson Stadium, which includes a FieldTurf soccer and football surface, a nine-lane track and grandstands. A new roof was built to cover the stadium grandstands in 2014; the stadium is part of the Lincoln Park Athletic Complex, built in 2008, which houses the baseball complex, Chuck Bafaro Stadium at Bond Field, the softball complex, Sherman/Larkins Stadium, natural grass fields for soccer and track throwing events, is part of the City of Forest Grove's Lincoln Park home to a fitness trail, playground equipment, a BMX course, a skateboard park and picnic areas.
Pacific University's Eugene Campus is a single building which houses a portion of the College of Education. In 2013, Pacific University opened a campus in Woodburn, providing undergraduate and graduate programs in the College of Education; the Hillsboro Campus opened in 2006 with its