Summit is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Benton County, United States. At the 2010 census, it had a population of 82. Summit lies on Oregon Route 180 northwest of Blodgett. Since 1980 – at least up to 2013 – Summit is known locally for its small Summit Summer Festival, a Hippie-style gathering with food and music, at which artisans offer their products, e.g. hand made knives, quilting. Summit Summer Festival 2012 – lunadancer1969, youtube.com, August 21, 2012, video
Marys Peak is a mountain in Benton County, United States, just southwest of Philomath. It is the highest peak in the Oregon Coast Range, it is the highest point in Benton County, ranks eleventh in the state for prominence. It may have been named after Mary Lloyd, who came to Oregon in 1845, was known as the first white woman to cross the Marys River, which has its origin on the mountain, though there are alternate theories about the name. On a clear day at the top of the peak, facing east and southeast, one can see the cities and suburbs of the Willamette Valley, as well as the Cascade Range. To the west, the Pacific Ocean is visible on clear days; the road to the peak now remains open in the winter. During the 2010–2011 winter, the Forest Service announced that it will leave the gates open to facilitate travel to the summit; the road will not be maintained, so a lifted 4x4 or four wheel chains are required for motor access during the winter months. "Marys Peak". Geographic Names Information System.
United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2008-11-01. "Marys Peak". SummitPost.org. Retrieved 2013-02-09
Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States. The Columbia River delineates much of Oregon's northern boundary with Washington, while the Snake River delineates much of its eastern boundary with Idaho; the parallel 42 ° north delineates the southern boundary with Nevada. Oregon is one of only four states of the continental United States to have a coastline on the Pacific Ocean. Oregon was inhabited by many indigenous tribes before Western traders and settlers arrived. An autonomous government was formed in the Oregon Country in 1843 before the Oregon Territory was created in 1848. Oregon became the 33rd state on February 14, 1859. Today, at 98,000 square miles, Oregon is the ninth largest and, with a population of 4 million, 27th most populous U. S. state. The capital, Salem, is the second most populous city in Oregon, with 169,798 residents. Portland, with 647,805, ranks as the 26th among U. S. cities. The Portland metropolitan area, which includes the city of Vancouver, Washington, to the north, ranks the 25th largest metro area in the nation, with a population of 2,453,168.
Oregon is one of the most geographically diverse states in the U. S. marked by volcanoes, abundant bodies of water, dense evergreen and mixed forests, as well as high deserts and semi-arid shrublands. At 11,249 feet, Mount Hood, a stratovolcano, is the state's highest point. Oregon's only national park, Crater Lake National Park, comprises the caldera surrounding Crater Lake, the deepest lake in the United States; the state is home to the single largest organism in the world, Armillaria ostoyae, a fungus that runs beneath 2,200 acres of the Malheur National Forest. Because of its diverse landscapes and waterways, Oregon's economy is powered by various forms of agriculture and hydroelectric power. Oregon is the top timber producer of the contiguous United States, the timber industry dominated the state's economy in the 20th century. Technology is another one of Oregon's major economic forces, beginning in the 1970s with the establishment of the Silicon Forest and the expansion of Tektronix and Intel.
Sportswear company Nike, Inc. headquartered in Beaverton, is the state's largest public corporation with an annual revenue of $30.6 billion. The earliest evidence of the name Oregon has Spanish origins; the term "orejón" comes from the historical chronicle Relación de la Alta y Baja California written by the new Spaniard Rodrigo Montezuma and made reference to the Columbia River when the Spanish explorers penetrated into the actual North American territory that became part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. This chronicle is the first topographical and linguistic source with respect to the place name Oregon. There are two other sources with Spanish origins, such as the name Oregano, which grows in the southern part of the region, it is most probable that the American territory was named by the Spaniards, as there are some populations in Spain such as "Arroyo del Oregón" considering that the individualization in Spanish language "El Orejón" with the mutation of the letter "g" instead of "j". Another early use of the name, spelled Ouragon, was in a 1765 petition by Major Robert Rogers to the Kingdom of Great Britain.
The term referred to the then-mythical River of the West. By 1778, the spelling had shifted to Oregon. In his 1765 petition, Rogers wrote: The rout...is from the Great Lakes towards the Head of the Mississippi, from thence to the River called by the Indians Ouragon... One theory is that the name comes from the French word ouragan, applied to the River of the West based on Native American tales of powerful Chinook winds on the lower Columbia River, or from firsthand French experience with the Chinook winds of the Great Plains. At the time, the River of the West was thought to rise in western Minnesota and flow west through the Great Plains. Joaquin Miller explained in Sunset magazine, in 1904, how Oregon's name was derived: The name, Oregon, is rounded down phonetically, from Ouve água—Oragua, Or-a-gon, Oregon—given by the same Portuguese navigator that named the Farallones after his first officer, it in a large way, means cascades:'Hear the waters.' You should steam up the Columbia and hear and feel the waters falling out of the clouds of Mount Hood to understand the full meaning of the name Ouve a água, Oregon.
Another account, endorsed as the "most plausible explanation" in the book Oregon Geographic Names, was advanced by George R. Stewart in a 1944 article in American Speech. According to Stewart, the name came from an engraver's error in a French map published in the early 18th century, on which the Ouisiconsink River was spelled "Ouaricon-sint", broken on two lines with the -sint below, so there appeared to be a river flowing to the west named "Ouaricon". According to the Oregon Tourism Commission, present-day Oregonians pronounce the state's name as "or-uh-gun, never or-ee-gone". After being drafted by the Detroit Lions in 2002, former Oregon Ducks quarterback Joey Harrington distributed "Orygun" stickers to members of the media as a reminder of how to pronounce the name of his home state; the stickers are sold by the University of Oregon Bookstore. Oregon is 295 miles north to south at longest distance, 395 miles east to west. With an area of 98,381 square miles, Oregon is larger than the United Kingdom.
It is the ninth largest state in the United States. Oregon's highest point is the summit of Mount Hood, at 11,249 feet, its lowest point is the sea level of the Pacific Ocean along the Oregon Coas
Corvallis is a city in central western Oregon, United States. It is the county seat of Benton County and the principal city of the Corvallis, Oregon Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses all of Benton County; as of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 54,462. Its population was estimated by the Portland Research Center to be 55,298 in 2013. Corvallis is the location of Oregon State University, a large Hewlett-Packard research campus, Good Samaritan Regional Medical Center. At a longitude of 123° 17' west, the city is the westernmost city in the contiguous 48 states with a population larger than 50,000. In October 1845, Joseph C. Avery arrived in Oregon from the east. Avery took out a land claim at the mouth of Marys River, where it flows into the Willamette River, in June 1846 took up residence there in a log cabin hastily constructed to hold what seemed a lucrative claim. Avery's primitive 1846 dwelling was the first home within the boundaries of today's Corvallis and his land claim included the southern section of the contemporary city.
Avery was joined by other settlers along the banks of the Willamette River, including a 640-acre claim directly to his north taken in September 1846 by William F. Dixon; the discovery of gold in California in 1848 temporarily stalled development of a township, with Avery leaving his Oregon claim to try his hand at mining in the fall of that year. His stay proved to be brief, in January 1849, Avery returned to Oregon with a small stock of provisions with a view to opening a store. During 1849, Avery opened his store at the site, platted the land, surveyed a town site on his land claim, naming the community Marysville; the city was named after early settler Mary Lloyd, but now the name is thought to be derived from French fur trappers' naming of Marys Peak after the Virgin Mary. In the summer of 1851, Joseph Avery and William Dixon each granted back-to-back 40-acre land parcels from their land holdings for the establishment of a county seat. Avery's holding lay to the south and Dixon's to the north, with the Benton County Courthouse marking the approximate line of demarcation between these two land parcels.
In December 1853 the 5th Oregon Territorial Legislature met in Salem, where a petition was presented seeking to change the name of that city to either "Thurston" or "Valena". At the same time, another petition was presented seeking to change the name of Salem to "Corvallis", from the Latin meaning "heart of the valley", while a third resolution was presented to the upper house seeking to change the name of Marysville to Corvallis. A heated debate followed, with the name awarded to Corvallis in an act passed on December 20 of that same year. By way of rationale, the name "Marysville" was argued to duplicate the moniker of a town in California, located on the same stagecoach route and that a name change was thus necessary to avoid confusion. A faction within the divided legislature sought to make Corvallis the capital of the Oregon Territory, in December 1855 the 6th Territorial Legislature convened there before returning to Salem that month — the town which would be selected as the permanent seat of state government.
Corvallis was incorporated as a city on January 29, 1857. Corvallis had a three-year boom beginning in 1889, which began with the establishment of a owned electrical plant by L. L. Hurd. A flurry of publicity and public and private investment followed, including construction of a grand county courthouse and first construction of a new street railway, construction of a new flour mill along the river between Monroe and Jackson Avenues, construction of the Hotel Corvallis, today known as the Julian Hotel. In addition, a carriage factory was launched in the city and the town's streets were improved, while the size of the city was twice enlarged through annexation. Bonds were issued for a city-owned water works, a sewer system, for public ownership of the electric plant. A publicity campaign was launched to attempt to expand the tax base through new construction for new arrivals; this effort proved unsuccessful, in 1892, normalcy returned, with the city saddled with about $150,000 in bonded debt. Corvallis is at an elevation of 235 feet above sea level.
Situated midway in the Willamette Valley, Corvallis is about 46 miles east of Newport and the Oregon Coast, 85 miles south of Portland, 30 miles south of the state capital, Salem, 10 miles southwest of Albany, about 10 miles west of Interstate 5 at its closest point, 48 miles north of Eugene/Springfield. Oregon Route 99W, a secondary north–south route runs through Corvallis. U. S. Route 20 and Oregon Route 34 both secondary East-West routes run through Corvallis from the Oregon Coast. Corvallis is at river mile 131–32 of the Willamette River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.30 square miles, of which 14.13 square miles are land and 0.17 square miles is covered by water. Like the rest of the Willamette Valley, Corvallis falls within the dry-summer temperate climate zone referred to as cool-summer Mediterranean. Temperatures are mild year round, with warm, sunny summers and mild, wet winters with persistently overcast skies. Spring and fall are moist seasons with varied cloudiness, light rain falling for extended periods.
Winter snow is rare, but does fall, amounts can range between a dusting and a few inches that do not persist on the ground for more than a day. The northwest hills will experience more snow. During the midwinter months after ext
Blodgett is a census-designated place and unincorporated community in Benton County, United States, where Oregon Route 180 meets U. S. Route 20 in the Central Oregon Coast Range 15 miles west of Corvallis, it is near the confluence of the Marys rivers. As of the 2010 census, the community had a population of 58. Blodgett was named for pioneer settler William Blodgett; the post office was established in April 1888 with the name "Emrick", for a local family, was changed to Blodgett shortly thereafter. Its ZIP code is 97326. Blodgett is part of the Philomath School District; the 38-student Blodgett Elementary School serves kindergarten through fourth grade. This region experiences warm and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Blodgett has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps
In the United States, a river mile is a measure of distance in miles along a river from its mouth. River mile numbers increase further upstream; the corresponding metric unit using kilometers is the river kilometer. They are analogous to vehicle roadway mile markers, except that river miles are marked on the physical river. Riverfront properties are sometimes legally described by their river mile; the river mile is not the same as the length of the river, rather it is a means of locating any feature along the river relative to its distance from the mouth, when measured along the course of the river. River mile zero may not be at the mouth. For example, the Willamette River has its river mile zero at the edge of the navigable channel in the Columbia, some 900 feet beyond the mouth; the river mile zero for the Lower Mississippi River is located at Head of Passes, where the main stem of the Mississippi splits into three major branches before flowing into the Gulf of Mexico. Mileages are indicated as AHP or BHP.
River miles are used in a variety of ways. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, in its 2001 Pennsylvania Gazetteer of Streams, lists every named stream and every unnamed stream in a named geographic feature in the state, gives the drainage basin area, mouth coordinates, river mile the distance from the mouth of the tributary to the mouth of its parent stream; some islands are named for their river mile distance, for example the Allegheny River in Pennsylvania has Six Mile Island, Nine Mile Island, Twelve Mile Island, Fourteen Mile Island.. The state of Ohio uses the "River Mile System of Ohio", "a method to reference locations on streams and rivers of Ohio"; this work began by hand measurements on paper maps between 1972 and 1975 and has since been converted to a computer-based electronic version, which now covers the state in 787 river mile maps. Locations of facilities such as wastewater treatment plants and water quality measurement sites are referenced via river miles. Ohio uses one of two systems.
The simplest is just the location in river miles. In cases where there is ambiguity, for example when more than one stream has the same name, it uses a series of river mile strings referring to the distance to the ocean along either the Ohio River or through Lake Erie; the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers uses river miles for its navigation maps. Waterway Mile Marker Database Delaware River Mileage System
Wren is an unincorporated community in Benton County, United States. It is located at the junction of U. S. Route 20 and Oregon Route 223 on the Marys River. Wren was named for George P. Wren; the first form of the name was "Wrens", used for a station established by the Oregon Pacific Railroad in the locality in 1886. Wren had a post office from 1887 to 1968. Harris Bridge Media related to Wren, Oregon at Wikimedia Commons Historic photos of Wren from Salem Public Library