Madison is a city in Madison and St. Clair counties in the U. S. state of Illinois. The population was 3,891 at the 2010 census, it is home to the first Bulgarian Orthodox church in the United States. Madison was founded in 1820. There have been three villages named Madison. Madison is located at 38°41′1″N 90°9′4″W. According to the 2010 census, Madison has a total area of 17.181 square miles, of which 14.55 square miles is land and 2.631 square miles is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 4,545 people, 1,881 households, 1,117 families residing in the city; the population density was 648.3 people per square mile. There were 2,322 housing units at an average density of 331.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 55.36% White, 42.13% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.92% from other races, 1.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.96% of the population. There were 1,881 households out of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.2% were married couples living together, 22.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.6% were non-families.
34.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.13. In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 29.8% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $24,828, the median income for a family was $29,926. Males had a median income of $27,363 versus $21,250 for females; the per capita income for the city was $13,090. About 19.6% of families and 24.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.4% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over. Chain of Rocks Bridge over the Mississippi River George Becker, president of United Steelworkers 1993-2001 Sam Harshaney, catcher for the St. Louis Browns Donnie Freeman, basketball player at Illinois and in ABA and NBA City of Madison official website Reynolds, Francis J. ed..
"Madison, town in Madison co. Ill.". Collier's New Encyclopedia. New York: P. F. Collier & Son Company
Per capita income
Per capita income or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population. Per capita income is national income divided by population size. Per capita income is used to measure an area's average income and compare the wealth of different populations. Per capita income is used to measure a country's standard of living, it is expressed in terms of a used international currency such as the euro or United States dollar, is useful because it is known, is calculable from available gross domestic product and population estimates, produces a useful statistic for comparison of wealth between sovereign territories. This helps to ascertain a country's development status, it is one of the three measures for calculating the Human Development Index of a country. In the United States, it is defined by the U. S. Census Bureau as the following: "Per capita income is the mean money income received in the past 12 months computed for every man and child in a geographic area."
Critics claim that per capita income has several weaknesses in measuring prosperity: Comparisons of per capita income over time need to consider inflation. Without adjusting for inflation, figures tend to overstate the effects of economic growth. International comparisons can be distorted by cost of living differences not reflected in exchange rates. Where the objective is to compare living standards between countries, adjusting for differences in purchasing power parity will more reflect what people are able to buy with their money, it does not reflect income distribution. If a country's income distribution is skewed, a small wealthy class can increase per capita income while the majority of the population has no change in income. In this respect, median income is more useful when measuring of prosperity than per capita income, as it is less influenced by outliers. Non-monetary activity, such as barter or services provided within the family, is not counted; the importance of these services varies among economies.
Per capita income does not consider whether income is invested in factors to improve the area's development, such as health, education, or infrastructure. List of countries by average wage List of countries by GDP per capita—GDP at market or government official exchange rates per inhabitant List of countries by GDP per capita—GDP calculated at purchasing power parity exchange per inhabitant List of countries by GNI per capita List of countries by GNI per capita List of countries by income equality Total personal income
Wood River, Illinois
Wood River is a city in Madison County, United States. The population was 10,424 according to the 2013 census estimate. Wood River is located at 38°51′47″N 90°5′19″W. According to the 2010 census, Wood River has a total area of 7.154 square miles, of which 6.98 square miles is land and 0.174 square miles is water. Wood River is located on the Mississippi River 15 miles upstream of downtown St. Louis, among several contiguous cities and villages that have come to be known as the "Riverbend" area; the current confluence of the Mississippi and the Missouri rivers is just south of one of these neighboring villages, Hartford. Other cities making up the "Riverbend" include Alton, East Alton, Godfrey and Bethalto; as of the census of 2000, there were 11,296 people, 4,725 households, 2,995 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,865.2 people per square mile. There were 5,001 housing units at an average density of 825.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.57% White, 0.63% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.35% from other races, 0.73% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.21% of the population. There were 4,725 households out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.6% were non-families. 31.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.96. In the city, the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.6 males. The median income for a household in the city was $33,875, the median income for a family was $41,688. Males had a median income of $35,097 versus $24,522 for females; the per capita income for the city was $18,098. About 13.2% of families and 14.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.2% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.
Roger Counsil, NCAA champion gymnastics coach Ken Retzer, catcher for the Washington Senators.
Robert Anthony Boken was a Major League Baseball infielder. Boken played for the Chicago White Sox. Boken was born in Illinois, he did not appear in any of its games. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference
Highland is a city in Madison County, United States. The population was 9,919 at the 2010 census. Highland began as a Swiss settlement and derived its name from German immigrants. Highland is a sister city of Sursee in Switzerland. Highland, because it is located in Madison County, Illinois, is a part of the Metro-East region of the Greater St. Louis metropolitan area. Highland, Illinois was settled in the early 19th century by Swiss-German settlers; the town was founded in 1837 and celebrated its 175th Jubilee in 2012. It was first named Helvetia in accordance with the Heritage of the town's Swiss-German founding members; the town voted to change its name to the English version - Highland, in the early 20th century, as well as stopping production of its German language newspaper, in part to avoid negativity towards those of Germanic heritage at the advent of the First World War. Around the same time, a small town in northern Illinois started calling itself Highland; the town in northern Illinois became Highland Park.
Highland has been home to many well-known businesses including Pet Milk and the Wicks Organ Company. For the past 60 years, Highland Supply Corporation has been producing and selling Floral Grass - a traditional decorative product used to line Easter baskets. Highland is home to The Korte Company. Highland has a rich history including extended visits by such notables as Abraham Lincoln. On November 21, 1915, the Liberty Bell passed through Highland on its nationwide tour returning to Pennsylvania from the Panama-Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco. After that trip, the Liberty Bell will not be moved again; the current mayor is Joseph R. Michaelis. Highland is in the process of implementing citywide availability of a municipal broadband network using Fiber to the home technology. According to the 2010 census, Highland has a total area of 7.591 square miles, of which 6.55 square miles is land and 1.041 square miles is water. The following highways run through or around Highland: IL-160, IL-143, US-40, I-70.
The Highland Community Unit School District serves Highland area students including those from Alhambra, Grantfork and New Douglas, Illinois. Kindergarten through sixth grade schools are located in each of the districts municipalities while the district's middle and high schools are located in Highland. Starting in August 2014 6th grade is located at the Highland Middle School. In September 2014, the district's teachers staged a strike for the first time in the district's history. Additionally, Highland has a local parochial school named St. Paul Catholic School offering Kindergarten through eighth grade education; the Louis Latzer Memorial public library has a collection of more than 48,000 print volumes, a substantial media collection, public computer access along with access to subscription databases and a genealogy collection. It is a member of the Illinois Heartland Library System; as of the census of 2010, there were 9,919 people, 4,013 households, 2,633 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,561.1 people per square mile.
There were 3,610 housing units at an average density of 667.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.00% White, 0.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.4% from other races, 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population. There were 2,633 families. 50.3 % of the families have younger. There are 2,017 husband-wife families. 29.5% of all the households were made up of one individual and 16.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.99. In the city, the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 23% from 45 to 64, 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.8 years. Of the total population 4,714 are males and 5,205 are females; the median income for a household in the city was $39,524, the median income for a family was $52,240. Males had a median income of $36,536 versus $25,620 for females.
The per capita income for the city was $21,101. About 3.6% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.9% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over. Highland is the setting for the first song on the Illinois album by Sufjan Stevens, titled'Concerning the UFO sighting near Highland, Illinois', in which Stevens mentioned a 21st-century UFO sighting by the owner of the local mini-golf course. Highland was mentioned on The Daily Show on 9 Feb 2006. A report mentioned local pharmacist and state legislator Ron Stephens, who protested an executive order by Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich requiring a pharmacist to fill emergency contraception prescriptions. Kaspar Köpfli, Swiss doctor, founder of the town; the twin town partnership with Sursee, home of Köpfli, reminds of him. John Baptist Meÿenberg, inventor of condensed milk, emigrated from Switzerland to Highland. Heinrich Bosshard, Swiss teacher, poet and farmer. Composer of the Sempacherlied. There is a monument for him in Highland.
James Head, mixed martial artist in the Ultimate Fighting Championship Ken Oberkfell, third baseman with six Major League Baseball teams. He played for Highland High
History of the Washington Senators (1901–1960)
The Washington Senators baseball team was one of the American League's eight charter franchises. Now known as the Minnesota Twins, the club was founded in Washington, D. C. in 1901 as the Washington Senators. In 1905, the team changed its official name to the Washington Nationals; the name "Nationals" appeared on the uniforms for only two seasons, was replaced with the "W" logo for the next 52 years. However, the names "Senators", "Nationals" and shorter "Nats" were used interchangeably by fans and media for the next sixty years. For a time, from 1911 to 1933, the Senators were one of the more successful franchises in Major League Baseball; the team's rosters included Baseball Hall of Fame members Goose Goslin, Sam Rice, Joe Cronin, Bucky Harris, Heinie Manush and one of the greatest players and pitchers of all time, Walter Johnson. But the Senators are remembered more for their many years of mediocrity and futility, including six last-place finishes in the 1940s and 1950s. Joe Judge, Cecil Travis, Buddy Myer, Roy Sievers and Eddie Yost were other notable Senators players whose careers were spent in obscurity due to the team's lack of success.
When the American League declared itself a major league in 1901, the new league moved the previous minor league circuit Western League's Kansas City franchise to Washington, a city, abandoned by the older National League a year earlier. The new Washington club, like the old one, was called the "Senators"; the Senators began their history as a losing team, at times so inept that San Francisco Chronicle columnist Charley Dryden famously joked, "Washington: First in war, first in peace, last in the American League," a play on the famous line in Henry Lee III's eulogy for President George Washington as "First in war, first in peace, first in the hearts of his countrymen". The 1904 Senators lost 113 games, the next season the team's owners, trying for a fresh start, changed the team's name to the "Nationals". However, the "Senators" name remained used by fans and journalists — in fact, the two names were used interchangeably — although "Nats" remained the team's nickname; the Senators name was restored in 1956.
The club continued to lose, despite the addition of a talented 19-year-old pitcher named Walter Johnson in 1907. Raised in rural Kansas, Johnson was a tall, lanky man with long arms who, using a leisurely windup and unusual sidearm delivery, threw the ball faster than anyone had seen. Johnson's breakout year was 1910, when he struck out 313 batters, posted an earned-run average of 1.36 and won 25 games for a losing ball club. Over his 21-year Hall of Fame career, nicknamed the "Big Train", won 417 games and struck out 3,508 batters, a major-league record that stood for more than 50 years. In 1911, the Senators' wooden ballpark burned to the ground, they replaced it with a modern concrete-and-steel structure on the same location. First called National Park, it was renamed Griffith Stadium, after the man, named Washington manager in 1912 and whose name became synonymous with the ball club: Clark Griffith. A star pitcher with the National League's Chicago Colts in the 1890s, Griffith jumped to the AL in 1901 and became a successful manager with the Chicago White Sox and New York Highlanders.
Walter Johnson blossomed in 1911 with 25 victories, although the Senators still finished the season in seventh place. In 1912, the Senators improved as their pitching staff led the league in team earned run average and in strikeouts. Johnson won 33 games while teammate Bob Groom added another 24 wins to help the Senators finish the season in second place behind the Boston Red Sox; the Senators continued to perform respectably in 1913 with Johnson posting a career-high 35 victories, as the team once again finished in second place, this time to the Philadelphia Athletics. Starting in 1916, the Senators settled back into mediocrity. Griffith, frustrated with the owners' penny-pinching, bought a controlling interest in the team in 1920 and stepped down as field manager a year to focus on his duties as team president. In 1924, Griffith named 27-year-old second baseman Bucky Harris player-manager. Led by the hitting of Goose Goslin and Sam Rice, a solid pitching staff headlined by the 36-year-old Johnson, the Senators captured their first American League pennant, two games ahead of Babe Ruth and the New York Yankees.
The Senators faced John McGraw's favored New York Giants in the 1924 World Series. Despite Johnson losing both of his starts, the Senators kept pace to tie the Series at three games apiece and force Game 7; the Senators trailed the Giants 3-1 in the eighth inning of Game 7, when Bucky Harris hit a routine ground ball to third which hit a pebble and took a bad hop over Giants third baseman Freddie Lindstrom. Two runners scored on the play. In the ninth inning with the game tied, 3–3, Harris brought in an aging Johnson to pitch on just one day of rest – he had been the losing pitcher in Game 5. Johnson held. In the bottom of the twelfth inning, Muddy Ruel hit a high foul ball near home plate; the Giants' catcher, Hank Gowdy, dropped his protective face mask to field the ball but, failing to toss the mask aside, stumbled over it and dropped the ball, thus giving Ruel another chance to bat. On the next pitch, Ruel hit a double and proceeded to score the winning run when Earl McNeely hit a ground ball that took another bad hop over Lindstrom's head.
It was the only World Series triumph for the franchise during their 60-year tenure in Washington
Edwardsville is a city in Madison County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,293, it is the county seat of Madison County. The city was named in honor of Ninian Edwards Governor of the Illinois Territory. Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, the Edwardsville Arts Center, the Edwardsville Journal, the Madison County Record, the Edwardsville Intelligencer are here. Edwardsville High School and Metro-East Lutheran High School serve students in the area. Edwardsville is a part of Southern Illinois, the Metro East region, Greater St. Louis, it is part of the Edwardsville School District, which includes the villages of Glen Carbon and Moro, as well as the townships areas around them. A 2010 issue of Family Circle magazine named Edwardsville third of their "Top 10 Best Towns for Families." MCT Trails: Madison County Transit has developed more than 125 miles of scenic bikeways that weave throughout the communities of Edwardsville, nearby Glen Carbon and beyond, connects its MCTTrail system with its public bus system.
The trails are asphalt. Maps of the trails, which connect to neighborhoods, business districts, SIUE, more, are available on kiosks throughout the trail system or online at www.mcttrails.org. Watershed Nature Center: 46-acre wildlife preserve; the interpretive center displays native Illinois plants and animals and has education about the environment. Programming for children and adults is available. SIUE Campus: Located on 2,660 acres, the SIUE campus is one of the largest college campuses in the United States; the property includes rolling hills, acres of forests, extensive fields. Edwardsville Parks: Glik Park, City Park, Edwardsville Township Park, Leclaire Park, Lusk Park. Arts & Culture: Edwardsville Arts Center, Wildey Theater, Edwardsville Children's Museum, Madison County Historical Museum, Mannie Jackson Center for the Humanities. Edwardsville was incorporated in 1818; the first European-American settler was Thomas Kirkpatrick, who came in 1805, laid out a community, served as the Justice of the Peace.
He named the community after his friend Ninian Edwards territorial governor of Illinois. The Edwards Trace, a key trail in the settlement of Central Illinois, used Edwardsville as a northward launching point. In 1868 was founded The Bank of Edwardsville, still functioning regional bank. In 1890, St. Louis industrialist N. O. Nelson chose a tract of land just south of Edwardsville to build plumbing factories, he built a model workers' cooperative village called Leclaire. He offered workers fair wages with a share of the profits, he named the village in honor of the French economist Edme-Jean Leclaire. The village provided educational and recreational opportunities and made it financially possible for anyone to own his own home. Unlike company towns such as Pullman near Chicago, the welfare and quality of life for the workers and their families was a major concern. In 1934, the Village of Leclaire was incorporated into the City of Edwardsville; the area has a lake and park, baseball field, the Edwardsville Children's Museum in the former Leclaire schoolhouse.
Several Nelson factory buildings were renovated and adapted for use as the historic N. O. Nelson Campus of Lewis and Clark Community College; the recognized Historic District has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Each year on the third Sunday in October, the Friends of Leclaire host the annual Leclaire Parkfest with food, live heritage music, historic displays & tours, children's activities, a book sale, more. In 1983, Edwardsville’s historic Saint Louis Street was listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Dating back to 1809, this Historic District has a mile-long visual landscape. More than 50 historic homes date from the middle 19th century to early 20th century; the protection and preservation of Saint Louis Street is overseen by the Historic Saint Louis Street Association. Five Illinois governors came from Edwardsville: namesake Ninian Edwards, who became a territorial governor in 1809 and served as governor from 1826–1830. Former president Abraham Lincoln was in Edwardsville twice, as an attorney in the 1814 courthouse and a speaker outside the 1857 courthouse on Sept. 11, 1858.
The present county courthouse, a square, four-story neoclassical structure of white marble that rises to six stories at the back section, was constructed from 1913-15. According to the 2010 census, Edwardsville has an area of 20.165 square miles, of which 19.56 square miles is land and 0.605 square miles is water. As of the census of 2005, 24,047 people, 7,975 households, 5,199 families resided in the city; the population density was 1,549.2 people per square mile. There were 8,331 housing units at an average density of 600.6 per square mile. The city's racial makeup was 87.70% White, 8.66% African American, 1.69% Asian, 0.28% Native American, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, 1.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.00% of the population. There were 10,000 households, out of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.4% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.8% were non-families.
25.9% of all households were made up of individuals, 8.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44, the average family siz