Allauch is a French commune situated east of Marseille in the department of Bouches-du-Rhône in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Allaudiennes. Allauch is the capital of the Canton of Bouches-du-Rhône, it is a part of the Aix-Marseille-Provence Metropolis. The commune had 19,521 inhabitants at the 2010 census, it is located 12 km north-east of Marseille, 10 km north-east of Aubagne and 35 km south of Aix-en-Provence. Access to the commune is by the D908 road from Marseille in the south-west passing through the commune and continuing north to join the D96 north of La Bouilladisse. Access to the village is by the D48 branching off the D908 and looping back as the D48A. There is the D4A road from the 11th arrondissement in the south, the D44G from the 12th arrondissement in the south-west; as Allauch is located on the edge of the Marseille conurbation there are numerous urban districts located within the commune. These are:'Allauch Village is located on the north-eastern fringe of the Marseille conurbation with large parts of the west of the commune forming part of this conurbation joining with Plan-de-Cuques to the west..
Allauch is separated from Mimet by the massif of l'Étoile, resulting in it being necessary to detour to Cadolive in order to go from Allauch to Mimet. It is separated from the Aubagne urban area by the Garlaban hills to the south-east. Apart from the urban area in the west of the commune, the rest is forested and mountainous. Deficit in social housingEach year Allauch pays about €200,000 for missing social housing in order to reach the 20% required by the Urban Renewal Law. According to the commune however, available land is limited: of the 5,032 hectares of the commune a total of 4,000 is conservation land, 500 are urbanized and the balance is sometimes affected by risks. Recent increases in the price of land suitable for building has resulted in increasing difficulties in growing the social housing stock; the City Council has decided that each construction project should have between 20% and 30% social housing. The first obstacle is that the commune owns little suitable land in built-up areas to build social housing.
The value of the land is high and the commune must sell land to social housing operators at well below the actual value. Furthermore, the municipality must guarantee 50% of the borrowings and contribute financially up to €20,000 per unit; the procedures are slow and it can take 3 or 4 years from the sales agreement and delivery of the first housing. Another obstacle is that, in 2006, 108 applications for social housing were made by the commune but only 48 were granted by the urban community to which the state has delegated its powers, while the State requires the construction of 64 units per year. According to the Abbe Pierre Foundation for Disadvantaged Housing, of 319 housing units the commune should have built between 2002 and 2006 it has neither built nor funded any, something that Allaudiens were far from disapproving having re-elected the Povinelli list of candidates by 81.15% in the local elections in 2008. The commune may have another opportunity to fulfil its obligation by purchasing existing housing through preemption to transform social housing.
RTM RoutesBus Route 144 connects the metro station at Marseille-La Rose to La Pounche, Pie d'Autry, Allauch-Village. Bus Route 142/142JET/143 connect the Marseille-la-Rose metro station to Logis-Neuf, La Bourdonniere, La Fève. Bus Route 7T connects the Métro-Bus-Tramway Foch-Cinq-Avenues to Barbaraou. Buses to the HillsThe Hills buses connect to different urban areas of Allauch at certain times: Route A: La Fève - le Logis-Neuf – Allauch-Village – Carlevan - Les Embus - Marseille, with a bus every 30 minutes from 7:00 to 9:30am and 4:30 to 7:00pm. Route B: Plan-de-Cuques – Allauch-Village – Fontvieille - Carlevan, with a bus every 20 minutes from 7:00 to 9:30am and 4:30 to 7:00pm; the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region has areas at risk of seismic activity in the Nice and Aix-en-Provence areas, but for Allauch the risks are negligible. Detailed article: Canal de Marseille; the Jarret is the main river in Allauch. Together with the Huveaune it was one of the only sources of water for Marseille for a long time.
There are two canals in the commune: the Canal de Provence and the Canal de Marseille, both built to supply many communes, but Marseille, with drinking water and for irrigation. Allauch has a Mediterranean climate: precipitation is in September to May with a peak in October–November and a rather wet and mild winter; the summers are dry. Weather Data for Allauch One of the objects found in the Baume Sourno Cave may have been used as a wedding gift for the young Gyptis; the history of Marseille has a story that Marseille was born from the union of a handsome Greek sailor and the daughter of King Nann, the chief of a Ligurian tribe around the year 600 BC However, historians believe that Allauch was the chief town of a Ligurian tribe called ségobrige. The beautiful Gyptis could have been Marseille girl from Allauch. In Provence and in Allauch in particular people like legends. A Coat of Arms has been bequeathed to the commune from being the seat for the Saracens: in the 10th century the Moors besieged the village.
At the brink of starvation the villagers, to deceive the enemy, sent twenty loaves and their remaining spear points. The Saracens were discouraged, they broke camp. It was ni
Beaurecueil is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in southern France. Communes of the Bouches-du-Rhône department INSEE
La Barben is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of southern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Barbenaises; the town is best known for its castle and its zoo. La Barben is located 5 km east of Salon-de-Provence. Access to the commune is by the D572 road from Salon-de-Provence which passes through the centre of the commune and continues east to Saint-Cannat; the D17 from Pélissanne to Éguilles forms the south-western border of the commune. The D67E from Lambesc to Coudoux forms the south-eastern border of the commune; the D22A comes from Pelissane and passes through the village continuing as the D22 to join the D572 in the centre of the commune next to the zoo. The commune is served by routes 14 of the Libébus network; the Touloubre river flows through the centre of the commune from the east and continues west to join the Mediterranean sea south of Saint-Chamas. The Vallat de Boulery forms the northern border of the commune as it flows west to join the Touloubre at the village.
The Canal de Marseille comes from the south and passes through the centre of the commune continuing north-east. Weather Data for La Barben The death of Queen Joanna I of Naples created a succession crisis for the County of Provence with the cities of the Union of Aix supporting Charles III of Naples against Louis I, Duke of Anjou; the King of France, Charles VI, intervened and sent the Seneschal of Beaucaire, Enguerrand d'Eudin, who conquered La Barben in the summer of 1383. When Louis I died and his widow, Marie of Blois, Duchess of Anjou, arrived in Provence to defend the rights of her son, Louis II of Naples, she claimed that the seneschal gave her the city which she refused on the instruction of the King of France. List of Successive Mayors; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.
Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The commune has many buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments: A Laundry at La Blancherie A Chateau Garden on the D22 A Bridge over the Canal de Marseille on RN572 A Montjoie at La Baou The fortified Chateau de la Barben A Farmhouse at La Baou The Clos Farmhouse at Sufferchoix A Farmhouse at Val d'Estable Other sites of interestThe La Barben ZooZoo Picture Gallery The commune has several religious buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments: The Parish Church of Saint-Sauveur The Church contains several items that are registered as historical objects: 2 Chairs A Statue: Virgin and child A framed Painting: the Transfiguration A Painting: Saint Jerome The Benedictine Church of Saint-Sauveur The Benedictine Convent of Saint-Victor-de-Danes at Le Mounestier A Monumental Cross at Val d'Estable A Monumental Cross at La Beaumé de Matelas Count Auguste de Forbin, pupil of Jacques-Louis David, Director of the Louvre Museum.
Communes of the Bouches-du-Rhône department La Barben on the old National Geographic Institute website Regional Directorate of the Environment website La Barben on Lion1906 La Barben on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website La Barben on the 1750 Cassini Map La Barben on the INSEE website INSEE
Aureille is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of southern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aureilloises; the commune has been awarded one flower by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom. Aureille is located between the Alpilles mountain chain and the Crau plain some 8 km from Eyguières in the east and 8 km from Mouriès in the west, it is dominated by the Signal of the highest point in the commune, in the north-east. It is a member of the communes of the Baux Valley but traditionally it is closer to the city of Arles. Road D17 passes through the commune south of the town from Eyguières in the east to Mouries in the west. Road D25A branches off this road in the commune and goes to the village continues north to join the D25 just north of the commune; the nearest motorway is the A54 autoroute to the south with Exit 12 near Saint-Martin-de-Crau in the south-west or Exit 13 west of Salon-de-Provence in the south-east.
There is the A7 autoroute to the east which passes down the Rhone valley and connects Lyon to Marseille via Orange. Marseille Provence Airport is the nearest international airport. There is the Salon-de-Provence airbase just south of Salon-de-Provence town. Geologically Aureille belongs to the Crau plain: its soil consists of Alluvium and pebbles; this type of soil is found throughout the Aureille plateau, to the point where it descends at Mouriès. The soil composition is modified, consisting of sloping deposits; the peaks north of Aureille, including the Tour des Opies, are different from what is found in the Alpilles mountains. Although the soil at Opies is the same as the rest of the Alpilles, with a base of limestone Molasse, that of Opies dates to the Jurassic period while the Alpilles are more recent and date back to the Cretaceous. Aureille is traversed by the Gaudre d'Aureille, a stream 12 km long, by the Gaudre de la Vallongue, 4.2 kilometres long. They both flow into the Étang de Berre.
The Gaudre de Romanin, a 9.3 km long sub-tributary of the Rhone flows through the commune. The Arles branch of the Craponne Canal has irrigated the south of the commune since June 1582 which has allowed the commune to be a major producer of Crau hay; the Baux Valley Canal crosses the commune to the north of the plain. This canal was built in 1914 following an intervention led by Paul Révoil, the Ambassador of France -, from Mouriès, to cope with periods of drought which compelled more and more people from the Alpilles to move to Crau, better irrigated; the climate in Aureille, as in the Alpilles, is considered Mediterranean. The winters are mild and wet while summers are hot and dry; the highest average temperatures occur in July and August while the lowest average temperatures occur in December and January. The month with the most rain is January with 7 days of rain on average against 2 days in July; the Alpilles region receives more rainfall than the coast of the Mediterranean: 500 mm/year in Camargue against 600 to 700 mm/year at Aureille.
Major frosts are rare although they were more frequent in the 19th century as evidenced by the many freezes of the Rhône which have been unknown in the last century. The mistral blows violently from the north or north-west in winter and spring; the Alpilles deflect the wind, but Aureille does not benefit from its position to the south of the foothills of the massif and the wind blows as strong as in the north of the mountains. The mistral blows on average 100 days a year and less on 83 days which leaves only 182 days per year without wind. There are two types of mistral: the "white mistral" which clears the entire sky and accentuates the brightness. Many animal species may be observed in Aureille; the most famous is the Bonelli's eagle, a protected species, as well as the Egyptian vulture, the lesser kestrel, the Eurasian eagle-owl. Arid rocks are home to a species of lizard emblematic of the Alpilles: the ocellated lizard, considered threatened and is protected. There are many mammals in Aureille in the valleys.
The wild boar is abundant and its population is growing. Conversely, the number of hares and rabbits has tended to decrease; the reason seems to be the epidemic of myxomatosis in 1953 which caused havoc in the population and, since the end of the 20th century, the VHD virus that caused the decrease in the species. The scarcity of rodents could be problematic in the long term for the survival of birds of prey that feed on them. Other species that can be seen in Aureille include the fox, the badger, the weasel, the vole. There are bats; the flora in Aureille is Xerophytic and Mediterranean. The botanist Bernard Girerd counted 800 plant species in 1992. Apart from the olive, characteristic of Aureille, there are the Celtis, the kermes oak, the Amelanchier. Protected plant species such as the summer snowflake and rock rose can be found at the bottom of the valleys; the oldest forms of the name Aureille are found in the name of a priory in the 11th century: Sancta Maria Auricula and again in 1189 in the name Ugo de Aurella.
Etymologists are not all of one mind as to the meaning of the name Aureille. There are three theories: the name is linked to the Via Aurelian; this path, does not pass through the village but is much further south.
Arles is a city and commune in the south of France, in the Bouches-du-Rhône department, of which it is a subprefecture, in the former province of Provence. A large part of the Camargue is located on the territory of the commune, making it the largest commune in Metropolitan France in terms of territory; the city has a long history, was of considerable importance in the Roman province of Gallia Narbonensis. The Roman and Romanesque Monuments of Arles were listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1981; the Dutch post-Impressionist painter Vincent van Gogh lived in Arles from 1888 to 1889 and produced over 300 paintings and drawings during his time there. An international photography festival has been held in the city since 1970; the river Rhône forks into two branches just upstream of Arles. Because the Camargue is for a large part administratively part of Arles, the commune as a whole is the largest commune in Metropolitan France in terms of territory, although its population is only more than 50,000.
Its area is 758.93 km2, more than seven times the area of Paris. The Ligurians were in this area from about 800 BC. Celtic influences have been discovered; the city became an important Phoenician trading port, before being taken by the Romans. The Romans took the town in 123 BC and expanded it into an important city, with a canal link to the Mediterranean Sea being constructed in 104 BC. However, it struggled to escape the shadow of Massalia further along the coast, its chance came. Massalia backed Pompey; the town was formally established as a colony for veterans of the Roman legion Legio VI Ferrata, which had its base there. Its full title as a colony was Colonia Iulia Paterna Arelatensium Sextanorum, "the ancestral Julian colony of Arles of the soldiers of the Sixth." Arelate was a city of considerable importance in the province of Gallia Narbonensis. It covered an area of some 40 hectares and possessed a number of monuments, including an amphitheatre, triumphal arch, Roman circus, a full circuit of walls.
Ancient Arles was closer to the sea than it served as a major port. It had the southernmost bridge on the Rhône. Unusually, the Roman bridge was not fixed but consisted of a pontoon-style bridge of boats, with towers and drawbridges at each end; the boats were secured in place by anchors and were tethered to twin towers built just upstream of the bridge. This unusual design was a way of coping with the river's frequent violent floods, which would have made short work of a conventional bridge. Nothing remains of the Roman bridge, replaced by a more modern bridge near the same spot; the city reached a peak of influence during the 4th and 5th centuries, when Roman Emperors used it as their headquarters during military campaigns. In 395, it became the seat of the Praetorian Prefecture of the Gauls, governing the western part of the Western Empire: Gaul proper plus Hispania and Armorica. At that time, the city was home to 75,000–100,000 people, it became a favorite city of Emperor Constantine I, who built baths there, substantial remains of which are still standing.
His son, Constantine II, was born in Arles. Usurper Constantine III declared himself emperor in the West and made Arles his capital in 408. Arles became renowned as a religious centre during the late Roman Empire, it was the birthplace of the sceptical philosopher Favorinus. It was a key location for Roman Christianity and an important base for the Christianization of Gaul; the city's bishopric was held by a series of outstanding clerics, beginning with Saint Trophimus around 225 and continuing with Saint Honoratus Saint Hilarius in the first half of the 5th century. The political tension between the Catholic bishops of Arles and the Visigothic kings is epitomized in the career of the Frankish St. Caesarius, bishop of Arles 503–542, suspected by the Arian Visigoth Alaric II of conspiring with the Burgundians to turn over the Arelate to Burgundy, was exiled for a year to Bordeaux in Aquitaine. Political tensions were evident again in 512, when Arles held out against Theodoric the Great and Caesarius was imprisoned and sent to Ravenna to explain his actions before the Ostrogothic king.
The friction between the Arian Christianity of the Visigoths and the Catholicism of the bishops sent out from Rome established deep roots for religious heterodoxy heresy, in Occitan culture. At Treves in 385, Priscillian achieved the distinction of becoming the first Christian executed for heresy. Despite this tension and the city's decline in the face of barbarian invasions, Arles remained a great religious centre and host of church councils, the rival of Vienne, for hundreds of years; the Barbegal aqueduct and mill is a Roman watermill complex located on the territory of the commune of Fontvieille, a few kilometres from Arles. The complex has been referred to as "the greatest known concentration of mechanical power in the ancient world"; the remains of the mill streams and buildings which housed the overshot water wheels are still visible at the site, it is by far the best-preserved of ancient mills. There are two aqueducts which join just north of the mill complex, a sluice which enabled the operators to control the water supply to the complex.
The mill c
Auriol is a commune situated in the Huveaune valley close to Roquevaire in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of southern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Auriolaises; the commune has been awarded one flower by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom. Auriol is located some 22 km east by north-east of Marseille and 10 km north by north-east of Aubagne; the eastern border of the commune is the departmental border between Var. Access to the commune is by the A52D autoroute which separates from the A52 autoroute at the western border of the commune and ends at the D560 road just east of the town; the D560 road branches from the D96 on the western border of the commune and passes east through the town and continues east to Saint-Zacharie. The D45A comes from La Bouilladisse in the north-west and passes through the commune south to join the D2 in the south of the commune; the D2 continues east to Plan-d'Aups-Sainte-Baume.
Apart from the main town there are the urban areas of Le Pujol, Pont de Joux, Les Artauds, Le Maltrait, La Douronne, Moulin de Redon, Le Moulin de Redon, Le Plan de Moines, Les Helianthes, Le Braou, La Gardy and Vede. The commune is urbanised through the centre with rugged terrain to the north; the Huveaune river flows through the centre of the urban area from east to west continues south to join the ocean in the 8th arrondissement of Marseille. The Ruisseau de la Gestaude flows north to join the Huveaune; the village of Moulin de Redon is closer to Saint-Zacharie but is under the Auriol administration authority. The legend said. On a particular date, at the sun rising, the first mayor who reaches Moulin de Redon by foot will receive the village under his administration. Saint Zacharie is less than 2 km to Moulin de Redon; the mayor of Saint Zacharie convinced of his victory slept too much, arrived after the mayor of Auriol. It illustrates "The fable of the turtle" by Jean de La Fontaine. There are shelters in the tuffs of Pont-de-Joux.
The Ligures were absorbed by the Celts in the Celto-Ligurian period. There are many oppida such as the oppidum of Bau Rouge; the Phoenicians arrived from the 6th century BC and the Romans from the 2nd century BC. The Battle of Arc resulted in victory for Marius over the Teutons at Campus Putridi. Marseille was taken by Julius Caesar in 49 BC. There is an early Christian site at Saint-Pierre d'Auriol. Isnard de Mauconseil and native of Aix, was co-lord of Auriol in 1378 with Squire Mison; the death of Queen Joanna I of Naples created a crisis of succession for the County of Provence. The cities of the Union of Aix supported Charles de Duras against Louis I of Anjou; the Auriol community supported Charles but were overrun by the troops of Louis early in the war. Auriol was ravaged by the plague of 1576-1584; the Castle was devastated by the Duke of Épernon in 1593. The Coat of arms of the village date back to 1697. In July 1981 the commune was the scene of an infamous massacre involving the Service d'Action Civique in which police inspector Jacques Massié and his entire family were massacred.
List of Successive Mayors The economy of the commune is based on Viticulture, Olive Oil, shopping. The Wine-growing Cooperative building at Place Charles-Adrien is registered as an historical monument; the War Memorial is registered on the Ministry of Culture Memoire databaseThe Church of Saint-Pierre contains one item, registered as an historical object: A Painting: Adoration of Shepherds Thierry Amiel and songwriter, grew up in Auriol Mathieu Flamini, footballer for Arsenal FC Alain Cantareil, footballer for Istres Mouss Diouf, French-Senegalese actor and humourist, buried in the commune Charles Plumier, French botanist Henri Raybaud, French sculptor, made the War Memorial in Auriol. Communes of the Bouches-du-Rhône department Auriol official commune website Auriol Ensemble Auriol on Lion1906 Amiol on the 1750 Cassini Map Auriol on the INSEE website INSEE
Belcodène is a commune situated east of Marseille in the department of Bouches-du-Rhône in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southern France. There is a beautiful cohabitation between the humans. A peaceful and quiet agreement between the two parts can be observed, its inhabitants are called Belcodénois. Communes of the Bouches-du-Rhône department INSEE Official town website