Golden Gate Yacht Club
The Golden Gate Yacht Club is a San Francisco, California, USA based yacht club founded in 1939. In 1939 the first members built a clubhouse on a barge in the San Francisco Marina. After the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake damaged the club, members pulled together and rebuilt it. GGYC is a popular regatta venue on the San Francisco waterfront; the Club is located on the jetty directly east of the St. Francis Yacht Club and north of the Marina Green, at the end of Yacht Road in San Francisco; the most well-known of current members is Oracle Corporation founder Larry Ellison. The Club entered the 2007 Louis Vuitton Cup, the America's Cup challenger selection series, represented by the BMW Oracle Racing team. BMW Oracle Racing were eliminated in the semi-finals, they challenged for the America's Cup in 2010 represented by the BMW Oracle Racing team and won a Deed of Gift match 2-0 against the Alinghi team representing Société Nautique de Genève becoming the first American yacht club to hold the cup since 1995.
America's Cup Management announced on July 5, 2007 that the protocol for the 33rd America's Cup had been agreed between the Defending yacht club, the Société Nautique de Genève of Switzerland and its Challenger of Record, the Club Náutico Español de Vela of Spain. Golden Gate Yacht Club sued arguing that Club Náutico Español de Vela was not a valid challenger; the challenge was upheld, Golden Gate Yacht Club's team, BMW Oracle Racing, sailed against SNG, represented by the Alinghi team, in February 2010 in Valencia, Spain. The competing boats, Alinghi 5 and USA 17 were both 90-foot multihulls; the rigid wing sail of USA 17 provided a decisive advantage and Golden Gate Yacht Club won the 2010 America's Cup by a considerable margin. They defended the America's Cup at the 34th America's Cup in San Francisco in 2013, but lost the trophy in the 35th edition against the Royal New Zealand Yacht Squadron. America's Cup winning yacht clubsRoyal Yacht Squadron New York Yacht Club San Diego Yacht Club Société Nautique de Genève Royal New Zealand Yacht Squadron Royal Perth Yacht Club John Branch.
"In San Francisco, It's Rich Club, Poor Club". New York Times. Official website: http://ggyc.com/
Team New Zealand
Team New Zealand or TNZ is a sailing team based in Auckland, New Zealand representing the Royal New Zealand Yacht Squadron. Team New Zealand became a household name in their home country following their consecutive wins in the America's Cup in 1995 and 2000, under the leadership of Sir Peter Blake, when becoming the first team from a country outside the United States to win and defend the America's Cup. In 2017, skippered by Glenn Ashby, they went on to retake the America's Cup. Three challenges were launched before the founding of Team New Zealand, all of these backed by Michael Fay. New Zealand Challenge competed in the 1987 Louis Vuitton Cup, the 1988 America's Cup and the 1992 Louis Vuitton Cup. Following the 1992 competition, Michael Fay withdrew from backing the New Zealand challenges and a new effort under the leadership of Sir Peter Blake began putting together a team, raising funds and gaining support for the Royal New Zealand Yacht Squadron. Team New Zealand Limited was established as a registered company in 1993 In 1995, TNZ beat Team Dennis Conner 5–0 in a major upset off San Diego, California after winning the right to challenge in the Louis Vuitton Cup.
Their boats were fast, they had an experienced crew led by skipper Russell Coutts, they were ably led by Sir Peter Blake. As NZL 32 approached the finish line on the last race, sailing commentator Pete Montgomery made the now famous line "The America's Cup is now New Zealand's cup!"The winning yacht, NZL 32, was shipped back to New Zealand and given to the Te Papa Museum, is now housed in an extension to the northern end of the National Maritime Museum in Auckland as part of a permanent exhibition, Blue Water, Black Magic, about Sir Peter Blake. TNZ beat Italy's Prada Challenge 5–0 in the 2000 match held on Auckland's Hauraki Gulf. On crossing the finish line in the final race, commentator Peter Montgomery exclaimed "The America's Cup is still New Zealand's cup!!" – echoing his comment in 1995 America's Cup. A notable feature was Russell Coutts handing over the helm to Dean Barker in the final race. In 2003, Team New Zealand's eight-year reign ended after they were defeated 5–0 by Swiss-based challenger Alinghi.
TNZ dubbed their campaign the "Loyal" campaign, featuring a Silver fern flag with the word "Loyal" and an existing song of the same name by New Zealand musician Dave Dobbyn. This was due to the Swiss boat featuring many of the afterguard members from TNZ's previous campaigns which, along with a fast boat and a lack of reliability aboard TNZ's NZL 82, contributed to the win. In 2007, the re-branded Emirates Team New Zealand won the Louis Vuitton Cup and advanced to the 32nd America's Cup against defenders Alinghi. Team New Zealand lost the series 2 -- 5 to the last by a single second. In late 2003, TNZ announced their intention to challenge Alinghi at the 2007 Valencia America's Cup, with Emirates on board as title sponsor, Grant Dalton as Team Boss. Dean Barker skippered a more international team than before. TNZ were among the "big four" syndicates leading up to the 2007 Cup; the big four consisted of TNZ, Alinghi, BMW Oracle Racing, Luna Rossa. In the Louis Vuitton Cup 2007 to select the challenger to face Alinghi, TNZ lost their first match to Mascalzone Latino-Capitalia Team, a team who they had beaten in each of their five encounters in the Louis Vuitton Acts.
They won their next 7 races, before losing the final two in round robin 1 to Luna Rossa and BMW Oracle Racing which put them in third place at the end of the first round robin. In Round Robin 2, Team New Zealand were undefeated throughout, taking first place from BMW Oracle Racing, they won their semi-final series 5–2 against Desafío Español 2007 and qualified for the Louis Vuitton finals against Luna Rossa. In the finals, they defeated Luna Rossa with a whitewash victory of 5–0, winning the Louis Vuitton Cup and the right to challenge Alinghi for the America's Cup. On 3 July 2007, Emirates Team New Zealand lost their final race to Alinghi bringing Alinghi's race wins to 5 defending the 32nd America's cup. Americas Cup... Race 1: Lost to Alinghi by 35 Seconds Race 2: Beat Alinghi by 28 Seconds Race 3: Beat Alinghi by 25 Seconds Race 4: Lost to Alinghi by 30 Seconds Race 5: Lost to Alinghi by 19 Seconds Race 6: Lost to Alinghi by 28 Seconds Race 7: Lost to Alinghi by 1 SecondAlinghi wins the America's Cup, 5–2.
Team New Zealand hosted the Louis Vuitton Pacific Series in January and February 2009 on the Waitematā Harbour in the Hauraki Gulf, Auckland. Team New Zealand defeated Alinghi by a margin of 3 races to 1 in the final; the final races were reduced to the best of five due to difficult weather conditions resulting in the loss of one day's racing. In March 2010, the Louis Vuitton Trophy regatta returned to Auckland after the first regatta of the series in Nice in November 2009 won by Italy's Azzurra team. On Sunday 21 March 2010, Emirates Team New Zealand won the final of the Louis Vuitton Trophy Auckland regatta with a 56 sec win over Mascalzone Latino. On 13 April 2010, along with Camper, the Spanish-based international footwear manufacturer, Emirates Team New Zealand announced that it would compete in the Volvo Ocean Race in 2011–12; the campaign was run by Emirates Team New Zealand and skippered by Olympic and round-the-world yachtsman Chris Nicholson. Racing was close with results of each leg coming down to minutes and seconds at the finish line after thousands of miles of ocean racing.
Emirates Team New Zealand came in second. On 21 April 2011, Grant Dalton and Emirates Team New Zealand announced their entry for the 2013 America's Cup regatta to be held in San Francisco in 2013. New sponsor Nespresso came on board through parent company Nestlé. Grant Dalton expressed his gratitude to numerous corporate i
The AC72 is a wingsail catamaran box rule, governing the construction and operation of the yachts to be used in the 2013 Louis Vuitton Cup and the 2013 America's Cup. The class was subsequently replaced by the smaller AC50 class. Following the 2010 America's Cup, where the Golden Gate Yacht Club's USA 17 trimaran defeated the catamaran Alinghi 5, it was decided by the winners that the next America's Cup competition would be sailed in catamarans in the hope of making the sport more attractive to television audiences. At the same time a smaller sister class, the AC45, was developed to allow teams to practice and adjust to the new formula as well as create a greater exposure of sailing to the general public with the America's Cup World Series; the AC72 has the following maximum specifications: overall length: 26.2 metres waterline length: 22.0 metres beam: 14.0 metres weight: 5,900 kilograms maximum draught: 4.4 metres crew: 11Maximum Speed The AC72 was expected to sail faster than the wind: upwind at 1.2 times the speed of the true wind, downwind at 1.6 times the speed of the true wind.
But in fact it proved faster, averaging about 1.8 times the speed of the wind with peaks over 2.3. Emirates Team New Zealand sailed at 44.15 knots in 15.8 knots of wind on July 18, 2013. Typical racing speeds are over 30 knots with the boats capable of sailing well over 40 knots in the right conditions; the fastest race speed recorded was on Emirates Team New Zealand, 47.57 knots in 21.8 knots of wind on September 24, 2013. The boats have been used in the 2013 America's Cup. By mid-June 2013, all boats had "lined up" and conducted trials against each other on the planned race track in San Francisco Bay, notably Oracle Team USA vs. Artemis Racing and Emirates Team New Zealand vs. Luna Rossa Challenge. On 17 October 2012, Oracle Racing's AC72 pitchpoled and capsized, causing severe damage to the yacht; the wingsail was destroyed while being swept under the Golden Gate Bridge by a strong ebb tide. On 9 May 2013, Artemis Racing's AC72 pitchpoled and broke apart, resulting in the death of crew member Andrew Simpson.
The other two teams, Luna Rossa Challenge, Team New Zealand, have both suffered minor setbacks, including hitting seals and damaging their wing sails, resulting in loss of sailing time. List of multihulls
The America's Cup, affectionately known as the Auld Mug, is a trophy awarded to the winner of the America's Cup match races between two sailing yachts. One yacht, known as the defender, represents the yacht club that holds the America's Cup and the second yacht, known as the challenger, represents the yacht club, challenging for the cup; the timing of each match is determined by an agreement between the challenger. The America's Cup is the oldest international sporting trophy, it will next be raced for in the southern summer, in the early part of 2021. The cup was awarded in 1851 by the Royal Yacht Squadron for a race around the Isle of Wight in the United Kingdom, won by the schooner America. Known as the'R. Y. S. £100 Cup', the trophy was renamed the'America's Cup' after the yacht and was donated to the New York Yacht Club under the terms of the Deed of Gift, which made the cup available for perpetual international competition. Any yacht club that meets the requirements specified in the deed of gift has the right to challenge the yacht club that holds the cup.
If the challenging club wins the match, it gains stewardship of the cup. The history and prestige associated with the America's Cup attracts not only the world's top sailors and yacht designers but the involvement of wealthy entrepreneurs and sponsors, it is a test not only of sailing skill and boat and sail design, but of fundraising and management skills. The trophy was held by the NYYC from 1857 until 1983; the NYYC defended the trophy twenty-four times in a row before being defeated by the Royal Perth Yacht Club, represented by the yacht Australia II. The NYYC's reign was the longest winning streak in the history of all sports. From the first defence of the cup in 1870 through the twentieth defence in 1967, there was always only one challenger. In 1970, for the first time, there were multiple challengers, so the NYYC agreed that the challengers could run a selection series with the winner becoming the official challenger and competing against the defender in the America's Cup match. Since 1983, Louis Vuitton has sponsored the Louis Vuitton Cup as a prize for the winner of the challenger selection series.
Early matches for the cup were raced between yachts 65–90 ft on the waterline owned by wealthy sportsmen. This culminated with the J-Class regattas of the 1930s. After World War II and twenty years without a challenge, the NYYC made changes to the deed of gift to allow smaller, less expensive 12-metre class yachts to compete, it was replaced in 1990 by the International America’s Cup Class, used until 2007. After a long legal battle, the 2010 America's Cup was raced in 90 ft waterline multihull yachts in a best of three "deed of gift" match in Valencia, Spain; the victorious Golden Gate Yacht Club elected to race the 2013 America's Cup in AC72 foiling, wing-sail catamarans. Golden Gate Yacht Club defended the cup; the 35th America's Cup match was announced to be sailed in 50 ft foiling catamarans. The history of the America's Cup has included legal battles and disputes over rule changes including most over the rule changes for the 2017 America's Cup; the America's Cup is held by the Royal New Zealand Yacht Squadron, who will stage the 36th defence of the Cup in 2021.
The Cup is an ornate sterling silver bottomless ewer crafted in 1848 by Garrard & Co. Henry William Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey bought one and donated it for the Royal Yacht Squadron's 1851 Annual Regatta around the Isle of Wight, it was known as the "R. Y. S. £100 Cup", standing for a cup of a hundred GB Pounds or "sovereigns" in value. The cup was subsequently mistakenly engraved as the "100 Guinea Cup" by the America syndicate, but was referred to as the "Queen's Cup". Today, the trophy is known as the "America's Cup" after the 1851 winning yacht, is affectionately called the "Auld Mug" by the sailing community, it is inscribed with names of the yachts that competed for it, has been modified twice by adding matching bases to accommodate more names. In 1851 Commodore John Cox Stevens, a charter member of the fledgling New York Yacht Club, formed a six-person syndicate to build a yacht with intention of taking her to England and making some money competing in yachting regattas and match races.
The syndicate contracted with pilot boat designer George Steers for a 101 ft schooner, christened America and launched on 3 May 1851. On 22 August 1851, America raced against 15 yachts of the Royal Yacht Squadron in the Club's annual 53-nautical-mile regatta around the Isle of Wight. America won. Apocryphally, Queen Victoria, watching at the finish line, was reported to have asked, second, the famous answer being: "Ah, Your Majesty, there is no second."The surviving members of the America syndicate donated the cup via the Deed of Gift of the America's Cup to the NYYC on 8 July 1857, specifying that it be held in trust as a perpetual challenge trophy to promote friendly competition among nations. No challenge to race for the Cup was issued until British railway tycoon James Lloyd Ashbury's topsail schooner Cambria beat the Yankee schooner Sappho in the Solent in 1868; this success encouraged the Royal Thames Yacht Club in believing that the cup could be brought back home, placed the first challenge in 1870.
Ashbury entered Cambria in the NYYC Queen's Cup race in New York City on 8 August against a fleet of seventeen
2013 America's Cup
The 34th America's Cup was a series of yacht races held on San Francisco Bay, in September 2013. The series was contested between the defender Oracle Team USA representing the Golden Gate Yacht Club, the challenger Emirates Team New Zealand representing the Royal New Zealand Yacht Squadron. Oracle Team USA defended the America's Cup by a score of 9 to 8, after winning eight consecutive races from Race 11 onwards. Team New Zealand won the right to challenge for the cup by winning the 2013 Louis Vuitton Cup; the 34th America's Cup's race sequence was the longest by both number of days and races, the first since the 25th America's Cup to feature both teams in a match point situation. The Golden Gate Yacht Club defeated Société Nautique de Genève in the 2010 America's Cup to become the Defenders of the America's Cup; the first Challenger of Record for the 34th Cup was Club Nautico di Roma, a joint press conference was held on May 6, 2010 to plan for the event. The planning process was to include definition of new rules, an independent management team, definition of a new class of boats created in conjunction with all teams, regular racing in multiple venues and provision for increased television and online coverage.
The Protocol for the 34th America's Cup was published on September 13, 2010. Two new classes of boat were announced. AC72 wing-sail catamarans are being used for the America's Cup races and the AC45 class, a scaled-down one-design version of the AC72, was used for the preliminary training and racing until boats built to the AC72 rules became available; the amended AC72 Class Rule version 1.1 was published on February 22, 2011. The AC72 can reach speeds averaging about 30 knots with peaks over 40 knots; this is faster than the previous ACC boats that reached speeds of 11 to 13 knots. In order to increase global awareness, hence attract sponsors for the teams, an America's Cup World Series was held over the 2011–12 and 2012–13 seasons; the winner of each annual series was declared the America's Cup World Series Champion for that season. There were three regattas in 2011, five in 2012, two in 2013; each regatta lasted for one week and had 6 days of racing, including official practice. Each AC World Series regatta was a combination of fleet racing.
AC45 one-design catamarans were used for each World Series regatta. Officials adopted rules for the 2013 America's Cup to reduce costs and thereby attract more challengers: No-sail periods limit the time for on-the-water boat tuning and crew training. Rules limit the number of boats, sails and support boats that each team may use to two AC72 boats. Competitors shall not launch the first boat before July 1, 2012, from July 1, 2012 through January 31, 2013, may sail their AC72 boat for a maximum of 30 days; the competitor's second AC72 boat may not be launched before February 1, 2013. From February 1, 2013 through May 1, 2013, the competitors may sail their AC72 boats for a maximum of 45 days per AC72 boat. There are no sailing-days restrictions from May 2013 onward. Rules limit crew size to 11 sailors. Despite these measures, the cost of mounting a competitive challenge exceeds US$100 million. In addition to using the AC45 catamarans for the initial world series races, they are used in the nationality-based'Youth America's Cup'.
The smaller scaled down AC45 version of the AC72 with similar characteristics to the AC72 enables younger competition sailors to master the techniques used to sail this style of catamaran before they progress to the AC72 boats. The YAC began in 2013, when both second places were taken by New Zealand entries; the winning team included Peter Burling, Blair Tuke, Jono Spurdle, Sam Meech, Andy Maloney, Jason Saunders and Guy Endean. On July 8, 2010, Oracle Team USA announced that San Francisco was "the only city in the USA under consideration to host the 34th America's Cup” match. At the time, KGO-TV and Gazzetta dello Sport, an Italian sports newspaper, reported that Rome-Fiumicino, Italy was challenging San Francisco to host the event. Oracle Team USA confirmed that San Diego and Long Beach were considered earlier as possible venues for this event. A key parameter in deciding the venue was reliability of the wind and weather patterns so that pre-published television schedules would be guaranteed to show racing rather than suffering endless postponements, a significant problem for TV audiences watching the 2010 America's Cup.
In early December 2010, BMW Oracle Racing became concerned that a full and final agreement with San Francisco would not be completed in time to comply with the requirement to announce the location of the cup venue on December 31, 2010. As a result, negotiations were activated with Newport, Rhode Island, as a potential venue for the cup. However, on December 31 San Francisco was awarded the right to host the 2013 America's Cup. Fourteen yacht clubs submitted notices of entry within the deadline, but two were declined and ten withdrew. Club Nautico di Roma was named as the Challenger of Record, but after their team Mascalzone Latino withdrew, the Challenger of Record became the Royal Swedish Yacht Club, sponsoring Artemis Racing. Other notable teams that withdrew included former Cup holder Alinghi and the Energy Team from Yacht Club de France. On August 2, 2012, the America's Cup Event Authority announced that four challenging teams would compete for the right to challenge Oracle Team USA, the only team that represented the defending Golden Gate Yacht Club.
These teams were Artemis Racing representing Kungliga Svenska Segelsällskapet, Emirates Team New Zealand re
Louis Vuitton Cup
The Louis Vuitton Cup was a yachting competition connected with the America's Cup. Since 1983 until 2017, the Louis Vuitton Cup was used as the selection series in any year where multiple yachting syndicates are vying for the right to become the challenger for the America's Cup. Starting in 2017, a new Louis Vuitton Challenger’s Trophy was created—it was presented, for the first time, to the winner of the 2017 Louis Vuitton America’s Cup Challenger Playoffs, the competition held to determine the challenger in that year's America's Cup. Five out of the nine winners of the Louis Vuitton Cup competitions subsequently won the America's Cup itself. In 1970, for the first time in America's Cup history, multiple "international" challengers competed for the right to challenge the New York Yacht Club, the defender of the America's Cup For the 1983 America's Cup match, the Royal Sydney Yacht Squadron, the "Challenger of Record", contracted with New York Yacht Club member, Paul Madden, to create "The Challenger's Cup".
Paul Madden contracted with Louis Vuitton to be the first sponsor of this Cup series that led up to the main event. Louis Vuitton offered a trophy to the winner of the challenger selection series; the initial Louis Vuitton Cup was contested off Newport, United States, with Australia II prevailing, thereby earning the right to meet the NYYC’s defending yacht Liberty in that year’s America’s Cup. With the exception of the America's Cup races in 1988 and 2010, the winner of the Louis Vuitton Cup has been awarded the right to challenge the current defender for the America's Cup. During the 1992 and 1995 regattas Citizen Watch offered a trophy to the winner of the defender selection series as the defense’s counterpart to the Louis Vuitton cup. Due to the large number of challengers in recent decades the Louis Vuitton Cup has had to eliminate challengers in two phases. A round-robin points accruing phase, a pair of semi-finals involving the top four, followed by a final between the top two; the semi-finals and finals are a best of nine races between two boats.
Between the 2004 and 2007 Cups, Louis Vuitton sponsored thirteen "acts" of competition, with the first three acts not awarding points toward rankings. Some challengers do not enter the competition by the start of the acts. Rules for the current races stipulate that ranking points awarded for each act of competition will increase as they get closer to the final. For acts taking place in 2005, standard points were awarded, with 11 ranking points for a first-place finish, points awarded decreasing based on placing. Acts in 2006 double the points, with 22 ranking points for first place, the final act 13 which takes place in 2007 will award triple points, giving 33 points to the winner. History shows that the Louis Vuitton Cup series enhances the chances of the challenger due to the intense racing against different opponents which improves the tactics and crew co-ordination of the winner. Differences in boat speed are becoming less and less, placing an greater premium on reliability, superior tactics, crewing.
In the weeks leading up to the America's Cup competition, the defender has to practice using in-house racing which can never be as intense as real competition. In July 2007, Louis Vuitton announced termination of all its sponsorship activities associated with the America's Cup after 25 years of involvement, arguing the organisation of the America's Cup was taken over by business under the rule of Ernesto Bertarelli, leader of Alinghi, winner in 2003. Louis Vuitton instead sponsored Louis Vuitton Trophy. After Oracle Racing won the America's Cup for the Golden Gate Yacht Club in the 2010 Deed-of-Gift race against Alinghi, Louis Vuitton again sponsored the challenger series for the 34th America's Cup, held in 2013 on the San Francisco Bay. Louis Vuitton sponsored the heats to the 2013 and 2017 America's Cups. Participation was compulsory to take part in the Louis Vuitton Cup. America's Cup Official Website for the America's Cup CupInfo.com America's Cup News and Information Citizen Cup - the defender series for America's Cup
2007 America's Cup
The 2007 America's Cup was the thirty-second challenge for the America's Cup and was won by Alinghi in the 7th race. The Cup is Match Race in the sport of sailing; as per the Deed of Gift of the America's Cup the yacht club that holds the Cup is the one that chooses the location for the next challenge to take place. Alinghi, the syndicate representing the Société Nautique de Genève, the winners of the thirty-first edition, are based in Switzerland, a landlocked country, so Alinghi put the hosting rights out to a competitive bid process. During a preliminary selection the bids of Barcelona, Palma de Mallorca, Porto Cervo and Elba were eliminated; the four finalists were Cascais, Marseille and Valencia. On November 27, 2003 it was announced that the venue would be Spain. A new building, Veles e Vents designed by David Chipperfield, was built in the harbour of Valencia to house the central base for all the America's Cup teams. By winning the 32nd America's Cup, Alinghi changed what seemed to have become a tradition: that the winner of race three goes on to win the match.
Emirates Team New Zealand, despite winning the third heat, was not able to capture the Cup. The score of the 32nd America's Cup has differentiated the match from previous editions; the past three America's Cups – 1995, 2000 and 2003 – were all sweeps. Eleven challengers from nine countries submitted formal entries prior to the closing deadline of April 29, 2005. In preparation for the 2007 America's Cup, there were a series of regattas leading up to the Cup races, called "Acts" which culminated in the 2007 Louis Vuitton Cup; the winner, Emirates Team New Zealand, became the Challenger and raced against the Defender, for the America's Cup. In 2004, there were Act 1 held September 2004 in Marseille, France; these events featured fleet and match racing between America's Cup class yachts representing the syndicates that were vying for selection as challenger for the America's Cup in 2007. Points were awarded for each Act, the team with the highest score at the end of the year is declared the ACC Champion for that year.
In 2004, Emirates Team New Zealand narrowly won over second place American challenger BMW Oracle Racing and third place Swiss defender Team Alinghi. The schedule of Acts in 2005 included Acts 4 and 5 in Valencia, Acts 6 and 7 in Malmö, Sweden and Acts 8 and 9 in Trapani, Italy. All races were run on a windward-leeward course consisting of four legs with legs 1 and 4 being 3.3 nautical miles in length, legs 2 and 3 being 3.0 nautical miles for a total of 12.6 nautical miles. In the results table below, the team entering the starting area from the side has a slight advantage; the team was decided for the first race by the toss of a coin. Side advantage alternates race by race. Peter Evans sailed the training boat for Alinghi. Other team members included Peter Holmberg, Mike Drummond, Matt Mitchell, Brian Sharp, Mark Newbrook, Jordi Calafat, Nicholas Texier and Craig Satherwaite. Grant Simmer was Jochen Schümann the sports director. Ben Ainslie and Kelvin Harrap sailed the training boat for Team New Zealand.
America's Cup Louis Vuitton Cup Louis Vuitton Cup 2007 32nd America's Cup Official Website 3D visualization of the races Peter Lester NZ yachting commentator AC 32 Challenger Commission Official website of the Challenger Commission for the 32nd America's Cup in Valencia Team Alinghi Official website the America's Cup Defender BMW Oracle Racing Official website of Challenger of Record of the America's Cup CupInfo.com America's Cup News and Information for 2007 America's Cup News, articles & photos Valencia Sailing Website with original photos and commentary on all America's Cup related activity Cup In Europe web site Exhaustive information and commentary in French. Coupe de l'America French website about the competition. Mariantic America's Cup News & Views 2007AC.com - America's Cup Forums South African team website The effect of the America's cup on the city of Valencia article at ErasmusPC