Ralph Angus McQuarrie was an American conceptual designer and illustrator. His career included work on the original Star Wars trilogy, the original Battlestar Galactica television series, the film E. T. the Extra-Terrestrial, the film Cocoon, for which he won an Academy Award. Ralph McQuarrie was born on June 13, 1929 in Gary and was raised on a farm near Billings, Montana, he served in the United States Army during the Korean War. After returning from the war, McQuarrie moved to California in the 1960s, studying at the Art Center School in downtown Los Angeles. McQuarrie worked for a dentistry firm, drawing teeth and equipment, before working as an Artist and Preliminary Design Illustrator for the Boeing Company, where he drew diagrams for a manual on constructing the 747 Jumbo Jet, as well as designing film posters and animating CBS News' coverage of the Apollo space program at the three-man company Reel Three. While there, McQuarrie was asked by Hal Barwood to produce some illustrations for a film project he and Matthew Robbins were starting.
McQuarrie stayed married until his death. Impressed with his work and filmmaker George Lucas met with him to discuss his plans for a space-fantasy film. Several years in 1975, Lucas commissioned McQuarrie to illustrate several scenes from the script of the film, Star Wars. McQuarrie designed many of the film's characters, including Darth Vader, Chewbacca, R2-D2 and C-3PO and drew many concepts for the film's sets. McQuarrie's concept paintings were instrumental in helping Lucas to win approval from 20th Century Fox. Despite their scepticism, it became a huge success upon release in 1977. Among McQuarrie's Star Wars portfolio were concept paintings depicting scenes on the planet Tatooine, inside the Mos Eisley cantina, inside the Death Star and on the moon of Yavin. During filming, Lucas ensured that many shots reproduced McQuarrie's paintings such was his esteem for McQuarrie's work. McQuarrie has said of his work on Star Wars, "I thought I had the best job that an artist had on a film, I had never worked on a feature film before....
I still get fan mail — people wondering if I worked on Episode I or just wanting to have my autograph."McQuarrie's production painting of R2-D2 and C-3PO wandering in the desert on the planet Tatooine was the first to be completed. His early concept for C-3PO was visibly inspired by the Art Deco Maschinenmensch robot from Fritz Lang's 1927 film Metropolis; the painting had a particular impact on actor Anthony Daniels, about to turn down the part of C-3PO. It was McQuarrie. In an interview with Star Wars Insider Magazine, McQuarrie stated that Lucas's artistic direction was to portray a malevolent figure in a cape with Samurai armour. "For Darth Vader, George just said he would like to have a tall, dark fluttering figure that had a spooky feeling like it came in on the wind." McQuarrie noted that the script indicated that Vader would travel between spaceships and needed to survive in the vacuum of space, he proposed that Vader should wear some sort of space suit. Lucas agreed, McQuarrie combined a full-face breathing mask with a Samurai helmet, thus creating one of the most iconic designs of space fantasy cinema.
A 1975 production painting of Darth Vader engaged in a lightsaber duel with Deak Starkiller depicts Vader wearing black armour, a flowing cape and an elongated, skull-like mask and helmet. Its similarity to the final design of Vader's costume demonstrates that McQuarrie's earliest conception of Vader was so successful that little needed to be changed for production. Working from McQuarrie's artwork, the costume designer John Mollo devised a costume that could be worn by an actor on-screen using a combination of clerical robes, a motorcycle suit, a German military helmet and a gas mask; the prop sculptor Brian Muir created the helmet and armour used in the film from McQuarrie's designs. McQuarrie's Star Wars designs While McQuarrie was working on visualisation work for Lucas, he was commissioned by an executive of Ballantine Books, Judy-Lynn del Rey, to produce the cover art of the forthcoming novelization of Star Wars; the first edition of Star Wars: From the Adventures of Luke Skywalker went to press in 1976 featuring McQuarrie's version of Darth Vader's helmet on the cover.
Like the film, the book was a runaway success, McQuarrie began a long relationship with the publisher, producing the artwork for 22 further titles for Del Rey Books between 1978 and 1987. Around the time that McQuarrie was completing his work on Star Wars, he was brought on board the design team for a planned cinematic production based on Gene Roddenberry's science fiction television series, Star Trek. Entitled Star Trek: Planet of the Titans, the film was to feature a redesigned USS Enterprise starship, McQuarrie was recruited to provide the visualizations, his triangular ship design has been likened to the appearance of the Star Destroyers featured in Star Wars. Star Trek: Planet of the Titans did not make it past the pre-production phase and the project was cancelled in 1977; the design was used in 2017's Star Trek: Discovery as the basis of the titular ship. When Lucas began work on his sequel to Star Wars, The Empire Strikes Back, McQuarrie was onc
Kylie Ann Minogue known mononymously as Kylie, is an Australian-British singer and actress. She achieved recognition starring in the Australian soap opera Neighbours, where she played tomboy mechanic Charlene Robinson. Appearing in the series for two years, Minogue's character married Scott Robinson in an episode viewed by nearly 20 million people in the United Kingdom, making it one of the most watched Australian TV episodes ever. Since Minogue has been a recording artist and has achieved commercial success and critical acclaim in the entertainment industry. Minogue has been recognised with several honorific nicknames, most notably the "Princess of Pop." She is recognised as the highest-selling Australian artist of all time by the Australian Recording Industry Association. Born and raised in Melbourne, Minogue has worked and lived in the United Kingdom since the 1990s, she released her first studio album Kylie the next year. In 1992, she left PWL and signed with Deconstruction Records where she released her self-titled studio album and Impossible Princess, both of which received positive reviews from critics.
Returning to more mainstream dance-oriented music, Minogue signed to Parlophone and released Light Years. The followup, was a hit in many countries, including the United States; the lead single "Can't Get You Out of My Head" became one of the most successful singles of the 2000s, selling over ten million units. It is recognised as her "signature song" and was named "the catchiest song ever" by Yahoo! Music. Other successful singles by Minogue include "I Should Be So Lucky", "The Loco-Motion", "Especially for You", "Hand on Your Heart", "Better the Devil You Know", "Confide in Me", "Spinning Around", "Love at First Sight", "Slow", "2 Hearts" and "All the Lovers". In 2005, while Minogue was on her Showgirl: The Greatest Hits Tour, she was diagnosed with breast cancer. After treatment, she resumed the tour under the title Showgirl: The Homecoming Tour, which critics viewed as a "triumph". Minogue made her film debut in The Delinquents and portrayed Cammy in Street Fighter. Minogue has appeared in the films Moulin Rouge!, Jack & Diane, Holy Motors.
In 2014, she appeared as a judge on the third series of The Voice Australia. Her other ventures include children's books and fashion; as of 2015, Minogue has had worldwide record sales of more than 80 million. She has mounted several successful and critically acclaimed concert world tours and received a Mo Award for "Australian Entertainer of the Year" for her live performances. Minogue was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire in the 2008 New Year Honours for services to Music, she was appointed by the French government as a Chevalier of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres for her contribution to the enrichment of French culture. Minogue was awarded an honorary Doctor of Health Science degree by Anglia Ruskin University for her work in raising awareness for breast cancer. In November 2011, on the 25th anniversary of the ARIA Music Awards, she was inducted by the Australian Recording Industry Association into the ARIA Hall of Fame. In December 2016, Billboard ranked her as the 18th most successful dance artist of all-time.
Minogue signed a new global recording contract with BMG Rights Management in early 2017. Her latest album Golden was released on 6 April 2018, debuting at No. 1 in the Australia. Kylie was born to Ronald Charles Minogue and Carol Ann Jones in Melbourne, Australia, on 28 May 1968, her father is a fifth generation Australian, has Irish ancestry, while her mother came from Maesteg, Wales. Jones had lived in Wales until age ten when her mother and father and Denis Jones, decided to move to Australia for a better life. Just before Kylie's birth, Ron qualified as an accountant and worked through several jobs while Carol worked as a professional dancer. Kylie's younger brother, Brendan, is a news cameraman in Australia, while her younger sister Dannii Minogue is a singer and television host; the Minogue family moved around various suburbs in Melbourne to sustain their living expenses, which Kylie found unsettling as a child. After the birth of Dannii, the family moved to South Oakleigh; because money was tight, Ron worked as an accountant at a family-owned car company and Carol worked as a tea lady at a local hospital.
After moving to Surrey Hills, Minogue attended Studfield Primary School before attending Camberwell Primary School. She went on to Camberwell High School. During her schooling years, Minogue found it difficult to make friends, she got her HSC with subjects including English. Minogue described herself as being of "average intelligence" and "quite modest" during her high school years. From the age of 11, Kylie appeared in small roles in soap operas including The Sullivans and Skyways. In 1985, she was cast in one of the lead roles in The Henderson Kids. Minogue took time off school to film The Henderson Kids and while Carol was not impressed, Minogue felt that she needed the independence to make it into the entertainment industry. During filming, co-star Nadine Garner labelled Minogue "fragile" after producers yelled at her for forgetting her lines. Minogue was dropped from the second season of the show after producer Alan Hardy felt the need for her character to be "written off". In retrospect, Hardy stated that removing her from the showing "turned out to be the best thing for her".
Interested in following a career in music, Minogue made a demo tape for the producers of weekly music programme Young Talent Time, which featured Dannii as a regular performer
Friedrich Christian Anton "Fritz" Lang was an Austrian-German-American filmmaker and occasional film producer and actor. One of the best-known émigrés from Germany's school of Expressionism, he was dubbed the "Master of Darkness" by the British Film Institute. Lang's most famous films include the groundbreaking futuristic Metropolis and the influential M, a film noir precursor that he made before he moved to the United States. Lang was born in Vienna as the second son of Anton Lang, an architect and construction company manager, his wife Pauline "Paula" Lang née Schlesinger, he was baptized on December 1890, at the Schottenkirche in Vienna. Lang's parents were of Moravian descent, his parents took their religion and were dedicated to raising Fritz as a Catholic. Lang had Catholic-influenced themes in his films. Late in life, he described himself as "born Catholic". After finishing school, Lang attended the Technical University of Vienna, where he studied civil engineering and switched to art. In 1910 he left Vienna to see the world, traveling throughout Europe and Africa and Asia and the Pacific area.
In 1913, he studied painting in France. At the outbreak of World War I, Lang returned to Vienna and volunteered for military service in the Austrian army and fought in Russia and Romania, where he was wounded three times. While recovering from his injuries and shell shock in 1916, he wrote some scenarios and ideas for films, he was discharged from the army with the rank of lieutenant in 1918 and did some acting in the Viennese theater circuit for a short time before being hired as a writer at Decla, Erich Pommer's Berlin-based production company. Lang was an atheist. Lang's writing stint was brief, as he soon started to work as a director at the German film studio UFA, Nero-Film, just as the Expressionist movement was building. In this first phase of his career, Lang alternated between films such as Der Müde Tod and popular thrillers such as Die Spinnen, combining popular genres with Expressionist techniques to create an unprecedented synthesis of popular entertainment with art cinema. In 1920, Lang met the writer Thea von Harbou.
She and Lang co-wrote all of his movies from 1921 through 1933, including Dr. Mabuse, der Spieler, which ran for over four hours in two parts in the original version and was the first in the Dr. Mabuse trilogy, the five-hour Die Nibelungen, the famous 1927 film Metropolis, the science fiction film Woman in the Moon. Metropolis went far over budget and nearly destroyed the Ufa, bought by right-wing businessman and politician Alfred Hugenberg, it was a financial flop as well as his last silent films Spies and Woman in the Moon produced by Lang's own company. In 1931 independent producer Seymour Nebenzahl hired Lang to direct M for Nero-Film, his first "talking" picture, considered by many film scholars to be a masterpiece of the early sound era, M is a disturbing story of a child murderer, hunted down and brought to rough justice by Berlin's criminal underworld. M remains a powerful work. During the climactic final scene in M, Lang threw Peter Lorre down a flight of stairs in order to give more authenticity to Lorre's battered look.
Lang, known for being hard to work with, epitomized the stereotype of the tyrannical German film director, a type embodied by Erich von Stroheim and Otto Preminger. His wearing a monocle added to the stereotype. In the films of his German period, Lang produced a coherent oeuvre that established the characteristics attributed to film noir, with its recurring themes of psychological conflict, paranoia and moral ambiguity. At the end of 1932, Lang started filming The Testament of Dr. Mabuse. Adolf Hitler came to power in January 1933, by March 30, the new regime banned it as an incitement to public disorder. Testament is sometimes deemed an anti-Nazi film as Lang had put phrases used by the Nazis into the mouth of the title character. Lang was worried about the advent of the Nazi regime because of his Jewish heritage, whereas his wife and screenwriter Thea von Harbou had started to sympathize with the Nazis in the early 1930s and joined the NSDAP in 1940, they soon divorced. Lang's fears would be realized following his departure from Austria, as under the Nuremberg Laws he would be identified as a Jew though his mother was a converted Roman Catholic, he was raised as such.
According to Lang, propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels called Lang to his offices to inform him that The Testament of Dr Mabuse was being banned but that he was so impressed by Lang's abilities as a filmmaker, he was offering Lang a position as the head of German film studio UFA. Lang had stated that it was during this meeting that he had decided to leave for Paris – but that the banks had closed by the time the meeting was over. Lang has stated that he fled that evening; this statement has been found wrong after his passport of the time showed that he travelled a few times during 1933 to and from Germany, where he got his divorce from Thea von Harbou, who stayed behind, late in 1933. Lang left Berlin on 31 July 1933, four months after his meeting with Goebbels and supposed dramatic escape, he moved to Paris. In Paris, Lang filmed a version of Ferenc Molnár's Liliom; this was Lang's only film in Fren
Gold called golden, is a color. The web color gold is sometimes referred to as golden to distinguish it from the color metallic gold; the use of gold as a color term in traditional usage is more applied to the color "metallic gold". The first recorded use of golden as a color name in English was in 1300 to refer to the element gold and in 1423 to refer to blond hair. Metallic gold, such as in paint, is called goldtone or gold tone. In heraldry, the French word or is used. In model building, the color gold is different from brass. A shiny or metallic silvertone object can be painted with transparent yellow to obtain goldtone, something done with Christmas decorations. At right is displayed a representation of the color metallic gold, a simulation of the color of the actual metallic element gold itself—gold shade; the source of this color is the ISCC-NBS Dictionary of Color Names, a color dictionary used by stamp collectors to identify the colors of stamps—See color sample of the color Gold displayed on indicated web page:The first recorded use of gold as a color name in English was in the year 1400.
The American Heritage Dictionary defines the color metallic gold as "A light olive-brown to dark yellow, or a moderate, strong to vivid yellow." Of course, the visual sensation associated with the metal gold is its metallic shine. This cannot be reproduced by a simple solid color, because the shiny effect is due to the material's reflective brightness varying with the surface's angle to the light source; this is. In sacral art in Christian churches, real gold was used for rendering gold in paintings, e.g. for the halo of saints. Gold can be woven into sheets of silk to give an East Asian traditional look. More recent art styles, e.g. art nouveau made use of a metallic, shining gold. Old gold is a dark yellow, which varies from heavy olive brown to deep or strong yellow; the accepted color old gold is on the darker rather than the lighter side of this range. The first recorded use of old gold as a color name in English was in the early 19th century; the Delta Sigma Pi fraternity, founded in November 7, 1907, official colors are designated royal purple and old gold.
The Pi Kappa Alpha fraternity's colors are old gold. Old gold is one of two colors of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity. Maroon and old gold are the colors of Texas State University's intercollegiate sports teams. Old Gold and black are the team colors of Purdue University Boilermakers intercollegiate sports teams; the Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets wore white and old gold. The Wake Forest Demon Deacons, UCF Knights, Vanderbilt Commodores wear old gold and black; the New Orleans Saints list their official team colors as old gold and white. Golden yellow is the color halfway between yellow on the RGB color wheel, it is a color, 87.5% yellow and 12.5% red. The first recorded use of golden yellow as a color name in English was in the year 1597. Golden poppy is a tone of gold, the color of the California poppy—the official state flower of California—the Golden State; the first recorded use of golden poppy as a color name in English was in 1927. Gold is the oldest color associated with Arizona State University and dates back to 1896 when the school was named the Tempe Normal School.
Gold signifies the "golden promise" of ASU. The promise includes every student receiving a valuable educational experience. Gold signifies the sunshine Arizona is famous for; the student section, known as The Inferno, wears gold on game days. The official colors of the University of Southern California are Pantone 201C and Pantone 123C; these colors, designated as USC Cardinal and USC Gold, were adopted in 1895 by Rev. George W. White, USC’s third president, are equal in importance in identifying the USC Trojans; this is a shade of gold identified by the University of California, Berkeley in their graphic style guide for use in on-screen representations of the gold color in the university's seal. For print media, the guide recommends to, "se Pantone 7750 metallic or Pantone 123 yellow and 282 blue". Cal Poly Pomona gold is one of the two the official colors of California State Polytechnic University, Pomona; the official university colors are gold. Cal Poly Pomona's Office of Public Affairs created the colors for web development and has technical guidelines and privacy protection.
If web developers are using gold on a university website, they are encouraged to use Cal Poly Pomona gold. It is notable for its prominent use representing Cal Poly Pomona's athletic teams, the Cal Poly Pomona Broncos; the color was approved by the University of California, Los Angeles Chancellor in October 2013. This is a shade of gold identified by the university for use in their printed publications. MU Gold is used by the University of Missouri as the official school color along with black. Mizzou Identity Standards designated the color for web development as well as logos and images that developers are asked to follow in the University's Guidelines for using official Mizzou logos; the color pale gold is displayed
Whitney Elizabeth Houston was an American singer and actress. She was cited as the most awarded female artist of all time by Guinness World Records and remains one of the best-selling music artists of all time with 200 million records sold worldwide, she released seven studio albums and two soundtrack albums, all of which have been certified diamond, multi-platinum, platinum, or gold by the Recording Industry Association of America. Houston's crossover appeal on the popular music charts—as well as her prominence on MTV, starting with her video for "How Will I Know"—influenced several African-American women artists who followed in her footsteps. Houston became a background vocalist while in high school. With the guidance of Arista Records chairman Clive Davis, she signed to the label at the age of 19, her first two studio albums, Whitney Houston and Whitney, both reached number one on the Billboard 200 in the United States and became two of the world's best-selling albums of all time. She became the only artist to have seven consecutive number-one singles on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, from "Saving All My Love for You" in 1985 to "Where Do Broken Hearts Go" in 1988.
Houston made her screen acting debut in the romantic thriller film The Bodyguard. She recorded seven songs for the film's soundtrack, including "I Will Always Love You", which received the Grammy Award for Record of the Year and became the best-selling single by a woman in music history; the soundtrack album received the Grammy Award for Album of the Year and remains the world's best-selling soundtrack album of all time. Houston made other high-profile film appearances, including Waiting to Exhale and The Preacher's Wife; the theme song "Exhale" became her eleventh and final number-one single on the Hot 100 chart, while The Preacher Wife's soundtrack became the best-selling gospel album in history. Following the critical and commercial success of My Love Is Your Love, Houston signed a $100 million contract with Arista Records. However, her personal struggles began overshadowing her career, the album Just Whitney received mixed reviews, her drug use and tumultuous marriage to Bobby Brown were publicized in media.
After a six-year break from recording, Houston returned to the top of the Billboard 200 chart with her final studio album, I Look to You. On February 11, 2012, Houston was found dead in the Beverly Beverly Hills, California; the coroner's report showed that she had accidentally drowned in the bathtub, with heart disease and cocaine use as contributing factors. News of her death coincided with the 2012 Grammy Awards which she was scheduled to perform and featured prominently in international media. Whitney Houston was born on August 9, 1963, in what was a middle-income neighborhood in Newark, New Jersey, she was the daughter of Army serviceman and entertainment executive John Russell Houston, Jr. and gospel singer Emily "Cissy" Houston. Her elder brother Michael is a singer, her elder half-brother is former basketball player Gary Garland, her parents were both African American. Through her mother, Houston was a first cousin of Dee Dee Warwick, her godmother was Darlene Love and her honorary aunt was Aretha Franklin, whom she met at age 8 or 9 when her mother took her to a recording studio.
Houston was raised a Baptist, but was exposed to the Pentecostal church. After the 1967 Newark riots, the family moved to a middle-class area in East Orange, New Jersey, when she was four, her parents' marriage ended in divorce. At the age of 11, Houston started performing as a soloist in the junior gospel choir at the New Hope Baptist Church in Newark, where she learned to play the piano, her first solo performance in the church was "Guide Me, O Thou Great Jehovah". Houston attended a Catholic girls' high school in Caldwell, New Jersey. Houston graduated from Mount Saint Dominic in 1981. While Houston was still in school, her mother, continued to teach her how to sing. Houston spent some of her teenage years touring nightclubs where Cissy was performing, she would get on stage and perform with her. Houston was exposed to the music of Chaka Khan, Gladys Knight, Roberta Flack, most of whom would have an influence on her as a singer and performer. In 1977, at age 14, she became a backup singer on the Michael Zager Band's single "Life's a Party".
In 1978, at age 15, Houston sang background vocals for Lou Rawls. In the early 1980s, Houston started working as a fashion model after a photographer saw her at Carnegie Hall singing with her mother, she appeared in Seventeen and became one of the first women of color to grace the cover of the magazine. She was featured in layouts in the pages of Glamour, Young Miss, appeared in a Canada Dry soft drink TV commercial, her looks and girl-next-door charm made her one of the most sought after teen models of that time. While modeling, she continued her burgeoning recording career by working with producers Michael Beinhorn, Bill Laswell and Martin Bisi on an album they were spearheading called One Down, credited to the group Material. For that project, Houston contributed the ballad "Memories", a cover of a song by Hugh Hopper of Soft Machine. Robert Christgau of The Village Voice called her contribution "one of the most gorgeous ballads you've heard", she appeared as a lead vocalist on one track on a Paul Jabara album, entitled Paul Jabara and Friends, released by Columbia Records in 1983.
In 1983, Gerry Gri
Forrest J Ackerman
Forrest James Ackerman was an American magazine editor, science fiction writer and literary agent, a founder of science fiction fandom, a leading expert on science fiction and fantasy films, acknowledged as the world's most avid collector of genre books and movie memorabilia. He was based in California. During his career as a literary agent, Ackerman represented such science fiction authors as Ray Bradbury, Isaac Asimov, A. E. Van Vogt, Curt Siodmak, L. Ron Hubbard. For more than seven decades, he was promoters. Ackerman was the editor and principal writer of the American magazine Famous Monsters of Filmland, as well as an actor, from the 1950s into the 21st century, he appears in several documentaries related to this period in popular culture, like Famous Monster: Forrest J Ackerman, which premiered at the Egyptian Theatre in March 2009, during the Forrest J Ackerman tribute. Called "Forry", "Uncle Forry", "The Ackermonster", "Dr. Acula", "Forjak", "4e" and "4SJ", Ackerman was central to the formation and spread of science fiction fandom and a key figure in the wider cultural perception of science fiction as a literary and film genre.
Famous for his word play and neologisms, he coined the genre nickname "sci-fi". In 1953, he was voted "#1 Fan Personality" by the members of the World Science Fiction Society, a unique Hugo Award never granted to anyone else, he was among the first and most outspoken advocates of Esperanto in the science fiction community. Ackerman was born Forrest James Ackerman, on November 24, 1916, in Los Angeles, to Carroll Cridland and William Schilling Ackerman, his father, Chief Statistician for the Associated Oil Company, assistant to the Vice-President in charge of transportation, was from New York and his mother was from Ohio. Ackerman attended the University of California at Berkeley for a year worked as a movie projectionist and at odd jobs with fan friends prior to spending three years in the U. S. Army after enlisting on August 15, 1942, where he rose to the rank of staff sergeant, held the position of editor of his base's newspaper, passed his entire time in service at Fort MacArthur, California.
Ackerman saw his first "imagi-movie" in 1922, purchased his first science fiction magazine, Amazing Stories, in 1926, created the Boys' Scientifiction Club in 1930. He contributed to both of the first science fiction fanzines, The Time Traveller, the Science Fiction Magazine and edited by Shuster and Siegel of Superman fame, in 1932, by 1933 had 127 correspondents around the world, his name was used for the character of the reporter in the original Superman story "The Reign of the Superman" in issue 3 of Science Fiction magazine. He was one of the early members of the Los Angeles Science Fantasy Society and remained active in it for many decades, he attended the 1st World Science Fiction Convention in 1939, where he wore the first "futuristicostume", which sparked decades of fan costuming thereafter, the latest incarnation of, cosplay. He attended every Worldcon but two thereafter during his lifetime. Ackerman invited Ray Bradbury to attend the Los Angeles Chapter of the Science Fiction League meeting weekly at Clifton's Cafeteria in downtown Los Angeles.
The club changed its name to the Los Angeles Science Fantasy Society during the period it was meeting at the restaurant. Among the writers frequenting the club were Robert A. Heinlein, Emil Petaja, Fredric Brown, Henry Kuttner, Leigh Brackett, Jack Williamson. Bradbury attended meetings with his friend Ray Harryhausen. With $90 from Ackerman and Morojo, Bradbury launched a fanzine, Futuria Fantasia, in 1939, which ran for four issues. Ackerman was an early member of the Los Angeles Chapter of the Science Fiction League and became so active in and important to the club that in essence he ran it, including the Los Angeles Science Fantasy Society, a prominent regional fan organization, as well as the National Fantasy Fan Federation. Together with Morojo, he edited and produced Imagination! renamed Voice of the Imagi-Nation, nominally the club fanzine for the LASFS. In the decades that followed, Ackerman amassed an large and complete collection of science fiction and horror film memorabilia, until 2002, he maintained in an 18-room home and museum known as the "Son of Ackermansion".
This second house, in the Los Feliz district of Los Angeles, contained some 300,000 books and pieces of film and science-fiction memorabilia. From 1951 to 2002, Ackerman entertained some 50,000 fans at open houses - including, on one such evening, a group of 186 fans and pro
Silver or metallic gray is a color tone resembling gray, a representation of the color of polished silver. The visual sensation associated with the metal silver is its metallic shine; this cannot be reproduced by a simple solid color, because the shiny effect is due to the material's brightness varying with the surface angle to the light source. In addition, there is no mechanism for showing metallic or fluorescent colors on a computer without resorting to rendering software which simulates the action of light on a shiny surface. In art and in heraldry one would use a metallic paint that glitters like real silver. A matte grey color could be used to represent silver; the first recorded use of silver as a color name in English was in 1481. In heraldry, the word argent is derived from Latin argentum over Medieval French argent. Displayed at right is the web color silver. Since version 3.2 of HTML "silver" is a name for one of the 16 basic-VGA-colors. HTML-example: <body bgcolor="silver"> CSS-example: body Pale silver is the pale tone of silver color called silver in Crayola crayons.
Silver has been a Crayola color since 1903. Crayola silver is not a neutral grayscale color, but rather a warm gray with a slight tinge of orange-red; the color silver pink is displayed at right. The color name silver pink first came into use in 1948; the source of this color is the Plochere Color System, a color system formulated in 1948, used by interior designers. At right is displayed the color silver sand; the color name silver sand for this tone of silver has been in use since 2001, when it was promulgated as one of the colors on the Xona.com Color List. At right is displayed the color silver chalice; the color name silver chalice for this tone of silver has been in use since 2001, when it was promulgated as one of the colors on the Xona.com Color List. At right is displayed the color Roman silver. Roman silver, a blue-gray tone of silver, is one of the colors on the Resene Color List, a color list popular in Australia and New Zealand. At right is displayed the color old silver. Old silver is a color, formulated to resemble tarnished silver.
The first recorded use of old silver as a color name in English was in 1905. Sonic silver is a tone of silver included in Metallic FX crayons, specialty crayons formulated by Crayola in 2001. PlantsA silver birch is a tree in the birch family; the leaves are whitish silver on underside. A silver fir is a valuable timber tree. A silver maple is characterized by lacy, delicate leaves that are lighter grayish-green on the underside; these trees get their name from the shimmering effect the two-toned leaves give when fluttering in a breeze. AnimalsA silverfish is an insect which may eat cloth. Many fish are colored silver. A silver fox is a "genetically determined phase of the common red fox in which the pelt is black tipped with white". AphorismsThe expression "every cloud has a silver lining" is used to point out that something good can come out of a bad situation; the expression "silver-tongued" refers to a person who possesses the power of fluent, eloquent and/or witty speech. The expression "born with a silver spoon in his/her mouth" means someone is born into a wealthy or well to do family.
ArtAndy Warhol dyed his hair silver for many years. AstronomyThe Chinese name Silver River is used throughout East Asia, including Korea and Japan to denote the Milky Way Galaxy. In Japanese, "Silver River" means galaxies in general and the Milky Way is called the "Silver River System" or the "River of Heaven". FilmThe silver screen is a poetic name for a motion picture screen; this metaphor derives from the early 20th century, when all movies were filmed in white. Some screens of the era used metallic silver as a reflecting agent... they were silver screens. Science fiction films show spaceship or starship crews wearing silver body suits. In the song "Science Fiction/Double Feature" in the Rocky Horror Picture Show, it is mentioned that Flash Gordon wore silver underwear: Lyrics to the song Science Fiction/Double Feature: Silver City is a 2004 political satire and drama film written and directed by John Sayles. GeographyNevada is referred to as the silver state because of the rich silver mines located there such as the Comstock Lode.
GerontologyThe aging of the baby boomers has been called the "silver tsunami", although this phrase is controversial due to its ageist connotations. When someone 55 or older gets divorced, it is called a "silver divorce". HeraldryIn heraldry there is no distinction between silver and white, represented as "argent". In English heraldry argent or white signified brightness, virtue, or innocence. LiteratureThe Silver Cord is a 1926 play by Sidney Howard about the emotional tie between a mother and a son and the term "silver cord" is sometimes used to represent this tie. Silver Child is the first in The Silver Sequence is a fantasy brook trilogy by Cliff McNish consisting of Silver Child, Silver City and Silver World; the Silver Chair is a book in C. S. Lewis's allegorical fantasy series The Chronicles of Narnia. MarriageThe 25th wedding anniversary is called the silver anniversary and guests at a 25th wedding anniversary party are expected to bring gifts made of silver. By extension, the 25th anniversary of any important event is called its Silver Jubilee.
MilitaryThe Silver Star is the third highest decoration that can be awarded by the U. S. Military. MusicSilver Apples was a psychedelic electronic music duo from New York City that formed in 1967. Silverhead was