Cyrus Pitt Grosvenor
Cyrus Pitt Grosvenor was an American Baptist minister known for his anti-slavery views. In his retirement he worked on a famous mathematics problem and took out a patent to prevent lamp explosions. Cyrus Pitt Grosvenor was born in Massachusetts, he graduated from Dartmouth College in 1815. He was a minister for congregations in New Haven and Boston from 1825 to 1834. Grosvenor was a leader of the anti-slavery movement in Massachusetts and Connecticut, an agent of the American Anti-Slavery Society; the first meeting of the Essex County Anti-Slavery Society was held at his house. Grosvenor and Elon Galusha were the two leading Baptist ministers opposing slavery at the time. Grosvenor was a proponent of the anti-slavery Liberty Party. In 1840 he attended the Anti-Slavery Convention in London where he was included in the commemorative painting by Benjamin Haydon, although Grosvenor's face is obscured by Galusha and Henry Sterry. There was a delegation from Massachusetts that included Galusha, George Bradburn, Lydia Maria Child, Harriet Martineau, William Lloyd Garrison, Wendell Phillips and Maria Weston Chapman.
In the same year, Grosvenor published a book which investigated the case for whether slavery was scripturally justified by the bible. Grosvenor was the founding editor of the Baptist Anti-Slavery Correspondent, first published in February 1841 in Worcester, Massachusetts. In 1844, Grosvenor led the formation of an American Missionary Society, he was disappointed that Baptist church leaders were unwilling to eject people involved with slavery from the church. He decided. In 1849 he was among the founders of McGrawville in McGraw, New York, he served as its first president. Grosvenor married Mrs. Sarah Warner and they had three children, but only Sarah Caroline Grosvenor did not die young. Sarah married Baptist Rev. Austin Harman in 1852; when the Harmans moved to Allegan County in Michigan, the Grosvenors followed them. Grosvenor had retired from the college the year after his daughter married. In 1856, Grosvenor’s wife died. In 1867, Grosvenor applied for a patent for an idea he had to prevent lamps from exploding by using a reservoir of nitrogen.
The following year Grosvenor published a study in mathematics relating to the problem of squaring the circle. The problem is an old one and can be stated as "Is it possible to construct a square with the same area as a given circle using only a compass and ruler". Grosvenor described a method in a pamphlet titled The circle squared a method for determining the area of a circle squared that as a result gave a value for π, 3.142135…. Square the diameter of the circle; this gave a real error. The success of the method was measured by the error only being 0.000543 It was proved that there is no precise geometric method of squaring the circle. Grosvenor died in Albion, Michigan in 1879 and was buried at the Riverside Cemetery
Massachusetts the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the states of Connecticut and Rhode Island to the south, New Hampshire and Vermont to the north, New York to the west; the state is named after the Massachusett tribe, which once inhabited the east side of the area, is one of the original thirteen states. The capital of Massachusetts is Boston, the most populous city in New England. Over 80% of Massachusetts's population lives in the Greater Boston metropolitan area, a region influential upon American history and industry. Dependent on agriculture and trade, Massachusetts was transformed into a manufacturing center during the Industrial Revolution. During the 20th century, Massachusetts's economy shifted from manufacturing to services. Modern Massachusetts is a global leader in biotechnology, higher education and maritime trade. Plymouth was the site of the second colony in New England after Popham Colony in 1607 in what is now Maine.
Plymouth was founded in 1620 by passengers of the Mayflower. In 1692, the town of Salem and surrounding areas experienced one of America's most infamous cases of mass hysteria, the Salem witch trials. In 1777, General Henry Knox founded the Springfield Armory, which during the Industrial Revolution catalyzed numerous important technological advances, including interchangeable parts. In 1786, Shays' Rebellion, a populist revolt led by disaffected American Revolutionary War veterans, influenced the United States Constitutional Convention. In the 18th century, the Protestant First Great Awakening, which swept the Atlantic World, originated from the pulpit of Northampton preacher Jonathan Edwards. In the late 18th century, Boston became known as the "Cradle of Liberty" for the agitation there that led to the American Revolution; the entire Commonwealth of Massachusetts has played a powerful commercial and cultural role in the history of the United States. Before the American Civil War, Massachusetts was a center for the abolitionist and transcendentalist movements.
In the late 19th century, the sports of basketball and volleyball were invented in the western Massachusetts cities of Springfield and Holyoke, respectively. In 2004, Massachusetts became the first U. S. state to recognize same-sex marriage as a result of the decision in Goodridge v. Department of Public Health by the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court. Many prominent American political dynasties have hailed from the state, including the Adams and Kennedy families. Harvard University in Cambridge is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States, with the largest financial endowment of any university, Harvard Law School has educated a contemporaneous majority of Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States. Kendall Square in Cambridge has been called "the most innovative square mile on the planet", in reference to the high concentration of entrepreneurial start-ups and quality of innovation which have emerged in the vicinity of the square since 2010. Both Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, have been ranked among the most regarded academic institutions in the world.
Massachusetts' public-school students place among the top tier in the world in academic performance, the state has been ranked as one of the top states in the United States for citizens to live in, as well as one of the most expensive. The Massachusetts Bay Colony was named after the indigenous population, the Massachusett derived from a Wôpanâak word muswach8sut, segmented as mus "big" + wach8 "mountain" + -s "diminutive" + -ut "locative", it has been translated as "near the great hill", "by the blue hills", "at the little big hill", or "at the range of hills", referring to the Blue Hills, or in particular the Great Blue Hill, located on the boundary of Milton and Canton. Alternatively, Massachusett has been represented as Moswetuset—from the name of the Moswetuset Hummock in Quincy, where Plymouth Colony commander Myles Standish, hired English military officer, Squanto, part of the now disappeared Patuxet band of the Wampanoag peoples, met Chief Chickatawbut in 1621; the official name of the state is the "Commonwealth of Massachusetts".
While this designation is part of the state's official name, it has no practical implications. Massachusetts has powers within the United States as other states, it may have been chosen by John Adams for the second draft of the Massachusetts Constitution because unlike the word "state", "commonwealth" at the time had the connotation of a republic, in contrast to the monarchy the former American colonies were fighting against. Massachusetts was inhabited by tribes of the Algonquian language family such as the Wampanoag, Nipmuc, Pocomtuc and Massachusett. While cultivation of crops like squash and corn supplemented their diets, these tribes were dependent on hunting and fishing for most of their food. Villages consisted of lodges called wigwams as well as longhouses, tribes were led by male or female elders known as sachems. In the early 1600s, after contact had been made with Europeans, large numbers of the indigenous peoples in the northeast of what is now the United States were killed by virgin soil epidemics such as smallpox, measles and leptospirosis.
Between 1617 and 1619, smallpox killed ap
Arthur Tappan was an American abolitionist. He was the brother of Senator Benjamin Tappan, abolitionist Lewis Tappan and nephew of Harvard Theologian Rev. Dr. David Tappan. Born in Northampton, Massachusetts to a devoutly Calvinist family, Tappan moved to Boston at the age of 15. In 1807 he established a dry goods business in Maine. In 1826, Arthur and his brother Lewis moved to New York City, a center of business and retail trade, established a silk importing business. In 1827, the brothers founded the New York Journal of Commerce with Samuel F. B. Morse. Arthur and Lewis Tappan were successful businessmen, they viewed making money as less important than saving souls. They made The Journal of Commerce a publication free of “immoral advertisements.” Both men suffered in the Anti-abolitionist riots, in which anti-abolitionist mobs attacked their property. Arthur Tappan was one of two signatories who issued a disclaimer on behalf of the American Anti-Slavery Society in the aftermath of the riots, emphasising its dedication to abolishing slavery within the existing laws of the United States.
The Panic of 1837 forced the Tappans to close their silk-importing business, scuttled their paper, but the brothers persevered. In the 1840s, they founded another lucrative business enterprise when they opened the first commercial credit-rating service, the Mercantile Agency, a predecessor of Dun and Bradstreet; the Tappan brothers made their mark in abolitionism. Throughout their careers, the Tappans devoted time and money to philanthropic causes as diverse as temperance, the abolition of slavery, the establishment of theological seminaries and educational institutions, such as Oberlin and Kenyon colleges in Ohio, their beliefs about observing Sabbath extended to campaigns against providing stagecoach service and mail deliveries on Sundays. In the early 1830s, while a principal owner of The Journal of Commerce, Arthur Tappan allied with William Lloyd Garrison and co-founded the American Anti-Slavery Society in 1833. Arthur served as its first president until 1840, when he resigned based on his opposition to the society's new support of women's suffrage and feminism.
Their early support for Oberlin College, a center of abolitionist activity, included $10,000 to build Tappan Hall. Oberlin's green Tappan Square now occupies the site. Continuing their support for abolition and his brother founded the American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society in 1840, the American Missionary Association in 1846. After the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 was passed, Tappan refused to comply with the new law and donated money to the Underground Railroad; the brothers' positions on the slavery issue were not universally popular. In early July 1834, Lewis Tappan's New York home was sacked by a mob, who threw his furniture into the street and burned it; the Tappans and The Journal of Commerce attracted bitter criticism for their campaign to free the Africans who had taken over the slave ship Amistad in 1839. James Gordon Bennett, Sr.’s rival New York Morning Herald denounced “the humbug doctrines of the abolitionists and the miserable fanatics who propagate them,” Lewis Tappan and The Journal of Commerce.
Arthur Tappan died in 1865, Lewis in 1873. Both men lived long enough to see the Emancipation Proclamation grant freedom to millions of African Americans in the South and presage the end of slavery. List of opponents of slavery Biography of Tappan from Spartacus Educational Biography from InfoPlease The Liberator Files, Items concerning Arthur Tappan from Horace Seldon's collection and summary of research of William Lloyd Garrison's The Liberator original copies at the Boston Public Library, Massachusetts
Christianity is an Abrahamic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, as described in the New Testament. Its adherents, known as Christians, believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God and savior of all people, whose coming as the Messiah was prophesied in the Old Testament. Depending on the specific denomination of Christianity, practices may include baptism, prayer, confirmation, burial rites, marriage rites and the religious education of children. Most denominations hold regular group worship services. Christianity developed during the 1st century CE as a Jewish Christian sect of Second Temple Judaism, it soon attracted Gentile God-fearers, which lead to a departure from Jewish customs, the establishment of Christianity as an independent religion. During the first centuries of its existence Christianity spread throughout the Roman Empire, to Ethiopia and some parts of Asia. Constantine the Great decriminalized it via the Edict of Milan; the First Council of Nicaea established a uniform set of beliefs across the Roman Empire.
By 380, the Roman Empire designated Christianity as the state religion. The period of the first seven ecumenical councils is sometimes referred to as the Great Church, the united full communion of the Roman Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodoxy, before their schisms. Oriental Orthodoxy split after the Council of Chalcedon over differences in Christology; the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Catholic Church separated in the East–West Schism over the authority of the Pope. In 1521, Protestants split from the Catholic Church in the Protestant Reformation over Papal primacy, the nature of salvation, other ecclesiological and theological disputes. Following the Age of Discovery, Christianity was spread into the Americas, sub-Saharan Africa, the rest of the world via missionary work and colonization. There are 2.3 billion Christians in the world, or 31.4% of the global population. Today, the four largest branches of Christianity are the Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church and Oriental Orthodoxy.
Christianity and Christian ethics have played a prominent role in the development of Western civilization around Europe during late antiquity and the Middle Ages. In the New Testament, the names by which the disciples were known among themselves were "brethren", "the faithful", "elect", "saints" and "believers". Early Jewish Christians referred to themselves as'The Way' coming from Isaiah 40:3, "prepare the way of the Lord." According to Acts 11:26, the term "Christian" was first used in reference to Jesus's disciples in the city of Antioch, meaning "followers of Christ," by the non-Jewish inhabitants of Antioch. The earliest recorded use of the term "Christianity" was by Ignatius of Antioch, in around 100 AD. While Christians worldwide share basic convcitions, there are differences of interpretations and opinions of the Bible and sacred traditions on which Christianity is based. Concise doctrinal statements or confessions of religious beliefs are known as creeds, they began as baptismal formulae and were expanded during the Christological controversies of the 4th and 5th centuries to become statements of faith.
The Apostles' Creed is the most accepted statement of the articles of Christian faith. It is used by a number of Christian denominations for both liturgical and catechetical purposes, most visibly by liturgical churches of Western Christian tradition, including the Latin Church of the Catholic Church, Lutheranism and Western Rite Orthodoxy, it is used by Presbyterians and Congregationalists. This particular creed was developed between the 9th centuries, its central doctrines are those of God the Creator. Each of the doctrines found in this creed can be traced to statements current in the apostolic period; the creed was used as a summary of Christian doctrine for baptismal candidates in the churches of Rome. Its main points include: Belief in God the Father, Jesus Christ as the Son of God, the Holy Spirit The death, descent into hell and ascension of Christ The holiness of the Church and the communion of saints Christ's second coming, the Day of Judgement and salvation of the faithful; the Nicene Creed was formulated in response to Arianism, at the Councils of Nicaea and Constantinople in 325 and 381 and ratified as the universal creed of Christendom by the First Council of Ephesus in 431.
The Chalcedonian Definition, or Creed of Chalcedon, developed at the Council of Chalcedon in 451, though rejected by the Oriental Orthodox churches, taught Christ "to be acknowledged in two natures, unchangeably, inseparably": one divine and one human, that both natures, while perfect in themselves, are also united into one person. The Athanasian Creed, received in the Western Church as having the same status as the Nicene and Chalcedonian, says: "We worship one God in Trinity, Trinity in Unity. Many evangelical Protestants reject creeds as definitive statements of faith while agreeing with some or all of the substance of the creeds. Most Baptists do not use creeds "in that they have not sought to establish binding
Massachusetts Historical Society
The Massachusetts Historical Society is a major historical archive specializing in early American and New England history. It is located at 1154 Boylston Street in Boston, Massachusetts and is the oldest historical society in the United States, having been established in 1791; the Society's building was constructed in 1899 and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1966. In 2016, The Boston Landmarks Commission designated it a Boston Landmark; the Society was founded on January 24, 1791, by Reverend Jeremy Belknap to collect and document items of American history. He and the nine other founding members donated family papers and artifacts to the Society to form its initial collection, its first manuscript was published in 1792, becoming the first historical society publication in the United States. The society incorporated in 1794. Indeed, the Society claims to have been the only historical collection in the United States until establishment of the New-York Historical Society and the American Antiquarian Society, after which time the Society's collecting activities began to focus on Boston and New England.
In 1849, Frances Manwaring Caulkins became the first woman elected to the society's membership."The society, for several years after its organization, met in the attic of Faneuil Hall. In 1833... quarters on Tremont Street were occupied" in the building of the Provident bank through the 1890s. The society's current building in the Back Bay was built in 1899. Today the Society continues to collect and communicate historical information about Massachusetts and the United States, it is now organized in five departments: Library, Publications and Public Programs, Research Programs, the Adams Family Papers, Administration. Major collections include: Adams Family Papers - material relating to President John Adams and First Lady Abigail Adams, as well as other family members including Charles Francis Adams, President John Quincy Adams, First Lady Louisa Catherine Adams, Charles Francis Adams, Henry Adams. Among other papers, the collection includes correspondence, literary manuscripts, speeches and business papers, John Adams' handwritten copy of the Declaration of Independence.
Thomas Jefferson - the library holds Jefferson's handwritten copy of the Declaration of Independence and the Coolidge Collection, a collection of "Thomas Jefferson Manuscripts" containing thousands of pages of Jefferson's correspondence, manuscripts of writings, Monticello records including account books and journals, more than 400 of Jefferson's architectural drawings. Other Manuscripts and printed texts - 12,000 biographies and more than 10,000 local histories, as well as newspapers and broadsides including John Dunlap's July 4–5, 1776, Philadelphia printing of the Declaration of Independence. Other notable manuscripts include John Winthrop's manuscripts on the early settlement of New England. Artwork - paintings by John Singleton Copley, Sarah Goodridge, Chester Harding, Alonzo Hartwell, Samuel Stillman Osgood, John Smibert, Richard Morrell Staigg, as well as sculptures by Thomas Ball, Richard Saltonstall Greenough, Henry Dexter, Hiram Powers; the Society continues to produce scholarly books, but now augments these publications with digital editions available through its website and other online resources.
The Massachusetts Historical Review has been published annually since 1999. The Fellows of the Massachusetts Historical Society are elected and serve as the Society's legal governing body. Notable fellows include: American Antiquarian Society List of National Historic Landmarks in Boston National Register of Historic Places listings in southern Boston, Massachusetts Notes Bibliography Rines, George Edwin, ed.. "Massachusetts Historical Society". Encyclopedia Americana. Further reading A short account of the Massachusetts Historical Society: prepared by Charles Card Smith, together with the act of incorporation, additional acts and by-laws and a list of officers and members. January 1791-June 1918; the act of incorporation: with the additional acts and by-laws of the Massachusetts Historical Society: with a list of officers and resident members. Boston: printed for the Society, 1882. Thomas Boylston Adams. "Here We Have Lived: The Houses of the Massachusetts Historical Society." Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, Third Series, Vol. 78 Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society 1792-1939, Vol. 1-78 - 7 series, Vol. 10 of each series is an Index for the series Series 1 index Series 2 index Series 3 index Series 4 Index Series 5 index, p.331 Massachusetts Historical Society Review of "Adams Family Papers" website.
Teachinghistory.org. "Life Portrait of John Quincy Adams", from C-SPAN's American Presidents: Life Portraits, broadc
Henry Grew was a Christian teacher and writer whose studies of the Bible led him to conclusions which were at odds with doctrines accepted by many of the mainstream churches of his time. Among other things, he rejected the Trinity, immortality of the soul, a hell of literal eternal torment. Henry Grew was born in Birmingham, but at the age of 13, moved with his parents to the United States, his family first lived in Boston. Grew lived in Providence, Pawtucket and Philadelphia, he graduated from Brown University. Grew became a deacon at the First Baptist Church in Providence by age 23, became a pastor in Pawtucket. In 1810, he published the first of his writings, on the Book of Matthew. At 30, in 1811, after being pastor for four years at the First Baptist Church in Hartford, he resigned because he could no longer follow the official teachings of the Baptist Church or was deposed from his position because his views were regarded as heretical. During the next several decades, Grew served as pastor intermittently, informally, or for small groups.
Early in his career, Grew was involved in the Connecticut Bible Society. In the 1820s, Grew was one of the founding shareholders of Hartford Female Seminary, in the 1830s there is evidence a Henry Grew was involved in both the'Hartford Peace Society' and the'Connecticut Peace Society'. In the 1830s, Grew became involved with the New England Anti-Slavery Society and spoke on their behalf. Grew was invited to the World Anti-Slavery Convention beginning 12 June 1840 in London, he departed on the ship Roscoe on 7 May 1840. Other delegates aboard the ship besides his daughter, were James and Lucretia Mott, Emily Winslow and her father Isaac, Abby South and Elizabeth Neall. According to Mrs. Mott, Henry Grew read and preached on the Sabbath, Mary Grew was "quite intimate" with George Bradburn. After they arrived, Bradburn traveled with the Grews to various locations, including Liverpool and Birmingham, as Mary wanted to see her father's birthplace. Before and during the convention, there was fierce debate about the participation and seating of women delegates and attendees.
Grew sided with the British organisers and spoke in favour of the men's right to exclude women, despite his daughter being excluded. In 1854 a similar public debate took place when Grew and Mary attended the fifth annual National Women's Rights Convention in Philadelphia. Grew debated with Lucretia Mott, during which he lauded the authority of men. Grew preached throughout the remainder of his life with a small group of people who shared his religious beliefs, his writings were collected and influenced religious leaders. He died in Philadelphia on 8 August 1862, after an illness, he was 80 years of age. The writings of Henry Grew influenced George Storrs, Charles Taze Russell. Henry Grew and George Storrs are both mentioned as noteworthy Bible students in the October 15, 2000 issue of The Watchtower magazine, published by the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Jehovah's Witnesses. A list of Henry Grew's religious writings includes: Christian Loyalty: A Sermon on Matthew XXII:21, Designed to Illustrate the Authority of Caesar and Jesus Christ, An Examination of the Divine Testimony Concerning the Character of the Son of God, A Tribute to the Memory of the Apostles, an Exhibition of the First Christian Churches, The Practices of the Early Christians Considered, A Review of Phelps' Argument for the Perpetuity of the Sabbath, The Intermediate State, The Sabbath, An Examination of the Divine Testimony on the Nature and Character of the Son of God, An Appeal to Pious Trinitarians, The Atonement, Divine Dispensations, Past and Future.
Grew's daughter, appears as a character in Ain Gordon's 2013 play If She Stood, commissioned by the Painted Bride Art Center in Philadelphia. Notes
Mendon is a town in Worcester County, United States. The population was 5,839 at the 2010 census. Mendon is part of the Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor, an early center of the industrial revolution in the United States. Mendon celebrated its 350th Anniversary on May 15, 2017; the Nipmuc people once inhabited Mendon, Nipmuc Pond is named for them. Nipmuc Regional High School was named after this lake. Nipmuc means "small pond place" or "people of the fresh waters"; the Nipmuc name does not refer to a specific village or tribe, but to natives that inhabited all of central Massachusetts. Over 500 Nipmuc live today in Massachusetts, there are two nearby reservations at Grafton and Webster; the Nipmuc had a written language, tools, a graphite mine at Sturbridge, well-developed agriculture, including maize and squash. During King Philip's War in 1675, Praying Indians were settled into Praying Indian Villages. Wacentug and Rice City held two of these villages in Mendon, in a section that became Uxbridge.
These were two of the 14 Praying Indian villages established by Reverend John Eliot, from Natick and Roxbury, who translated the Bible into the Nipmuc language. Pioneers from Braintree petitioned to receive a land grant for 8 miles square of land, 15 miles west of Medfield. In September 1662, after the deed was signed with a Native American chief, "Great John", the pioneers entered this part of what is now southern Worcester County. Earlier, settlement occurred here in the 1640s, by pioneers from Roxbury; this was the beginning of Mendon. The land for the settlement was 8 miles square of Native American land in the Massachusetts Bay Colony and was purchased from the Nipmuc Indians, “for divers good and vallewable considerations them there unto Moovinge and especiall for an in consideration of the summe of twenty fower pound Ster.” In 1662, "Squinshepauke Plantation was started at the Netmocke settlement and plantation", was incorporated as the town of Mendon in 1667. The settlers were ambitious and set about clearing the roads that would mark settlement patterns throughout the town’s history.
The early settlement at Mendon was first listed in Middlesex County in 1667 in 1671 in Suffolk County, in Worcester County from 1731 onward. Mendon was first settled in 1660 and was incorporated in 1667; the town was 64 square miles, including the modern-day towns of Milford, Hopedale, Upton, Blackstone and Millville. For this reason, the town of Mendon is sometimes referred to as "Mother Mendon". Benjamin Albee erected a water-powered mill on Mill River in 1664 where it crosses modern-day Hartford Avenue, and was one of the town's important early residents. The mill was the first water-powered grist mill in the region. On July 14, 1675, early violence in King Philip's War took place in Mendon, with the deaths of multiple residents and the destruction of Albee's mill; these were the first settlers killed in this war in the Colony of Massachusetts. A man named; the town was burnt to the ground that winter in early 1676. During King Philip's War, many Nipmuc from around Marlboro and Natick were re- located to Deer Island, many died from the harsh winter in 1675.
The town of Mendon was resettled and rebuilt in 1680. Robert Taft, Sr. settled here, in the part that became Uxbridge, in 1680 and was the patriarch of the famous Taft family. He was among those forced back to Braintree because of King Philip's War. In 1712, Mendon was the birthplace of Lydia Chapin, who became America's first legal woman voter, known as Lydia Chapin Taft, or Lydia Taft. Ezra T. Benson became a famous Mormon Missionary and Utah Territory legislator; the Taft family became an American political dynasty in Ohio, but in Iowa, Rhode Island and other states. President William Howard Taft was a descendant and was a descendant of George Aldrich. Another political dynasty American family began in Mendon with the immigrant George Aldrich, his descendents included a number of U. S. congressmen, including Senator Nelson Aldrich, who started the Federal Reserve Bank, Vice President Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller. Other descendants were Ezra T. Benson and his grandson, Ezra Taft Benson, former Secretary of Agriculture under President Dwight D. Eisenhower 13th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
Mendon would rebuild and find itself along Boston's Middle Post Road. Milestone 37 still stands today. In 1719, Bellingham became the first community to break off from Mother Mendon and incorporate as a separate entity. In 1789, it is purported that President George Washington, during his inaugural journey, was denied a room in Mendon by an innkeeper’s wife. Lake Nipmuc Park was a popular resort in the early 20th century, featuring leading musical and vaudeville talent. Vintage postcards from this resort are for sale on eBay; the Aerosmith gig took place at Nipmuc Regional High School in this town on November 6, 1970. History teacher Carl Olson hired the band and allowed them to use the girls' locker room, which they trashed with beer bottles. Mendon is home to Troop 1 Mendon and Troop 44 Mendon. In 1986 Congress created a national park. Mendon falls within this corridor. In modern times, Mendon serves as a bedroom community but has