Massachusetts General Hospital is the original and largest teaching hospital of Harvard Medical School and a biomedical research facility located in the West End neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. It is the third oldest general hospital in the United States, with Brigham and Womens Hospital, it is one of the two founding members of Partners HealthCare, the largest healthcare provider in Massachusetts. Massachusetts General Hospital conducts the largest hospital-based research program in the world and it is currently ranked as the #3 hospital in the United States by U. S. News & World Report. Founded in 1811, the hospital was designed by the famous American architect Charles Bulfinch. It is the third-oldest general hospital in the United States, only Pennsylvania Hospital, John Warren, Professor of Anatomy and Surgery at Harvard Medical School, spearheaded the move of the medical school to Boston. John Bartlett, the Chaplain of the Almshouse in Boston, because all those who had sufficient money were cared for at home, Massachusetts General Hospital, like most hospitals that were founded in the 19th century, was intended to care for the poor. During the mid-to-late 19th century, Harvard Medical School was located adjacent to Massachusetts General Hospital, the first American hospital social workers were based in the hospital. A major patient database system called File Manager, which was developed by the Veterans Administration, was created using this language, the museum is a part of the hospitals public affairs department. Several years prior, Dr. Crawford Long of Danielsville, Georgia had given ether for surgery, but his work was unknown outside Georgia until he published his experience in 1849. On 16 October 1846, after administration of ether by Morton, MGH Chief of Surgery, John Collins Warren, painlessly removed a tumor from the neck of a local printer, Edward Gilbert Abbott. Upon completion of the procedure, which was without screaming or restraint, the usually skeptical Warren reportedly quipped, Gentlemen, News of this anesthesia invention rapidly traveled within months around the world. A reenactment of the Ether Dome event was painted in 2000 by artists Warren and they used the then-MGH staff to pose as their counterparts from 1846. The Ether Dome still exists and is open to the public, an anesthesia department was established at the MGH in 1936 under the leadership of Henry Knowles Beecher. The main MGH campus is located at 55 Fruit Street in Boston and it has expanded into an area formerly known as the West End, adjacent to the Charles River and Beacon Hill. With more than 14,000 employees, the hospital is the largest non-governmental employer in Boston, the hospital has 1,057 beds and admits over 47,000 patients each year. The surgical staff performs over 34,000 operations yearly, the obstetrics service handles over 3,500 births each year. In the fall of 2004, the Yawkey Center for Outpatient Care opened and this 380, 000-square-foot ten-floor facility is the largest and most comprehensive outpatient building in New England. In 2011, the Lunder Building, a 530,000 square foot, since 1994, MGH has been awarded the most research funding for an independent hospital by the National Institutes of Health, receiving over $210 million alone in 2014
Main entrance of Massachusetts General Hospital
Monument in Boston commemorating Morton's demonstration of ether's anesthetic use.
Image: Massachusetts General Hospital, Bulfinch Building