U.S. Route 1 in Massachusetts
In the U. S. state of Massachusetts, U. S. Route 1 is a major north–south highway through Boston; the portion of US 1 south of Boston is known as the Boston-Providence Turnpike, Washington Street, or the Norfolk and Bristol Turnpike, portions north of the city are known as the Northeast Expressway and the Newburyport Turnpike. From the south, U. S. Route 1 enters the state from Rhode Island at Attleboro, it parallels Interstate 95 as it goes through the towns of North Attleborough, Wrentham, Walpole, Sharon and Westwood. US 1 has a wrong-way concurrency with I-95 up to the junction with Interstate 93 travels along with Interstate 93 from Canton through downtown Boston; the two highways separate just after passing through the Thomas P. O'Neill Jr. Tunnel and crossing the Leonard P. Zakim Bunker Hill Memorial Bridge; the route crosses the Tobin Bridge traveling over Chelsea and Revere as the Northeast Expressway as a four to six lane RIRO expressway through Malden and Lynnfield. The route through Saugus was once known for its abundance of kitschy roadside commercial architecture, including the 68-foot neon cactus of the Hilltop Steakhouse.
From Lynnfield, US 1 again parallels I-95 going through the towns of Peabody, Topsfield, Rowley, Newbury and Salisbury, before it enters the state of New Hampshire. Route 1A runs alongside Route 1 in four parts of the state. Route 1 in Massachusetts was constructed in sections throughout the 1930s by widening existing roads and by constructing new right of ways to bypass more congested areas. Most of the highway was two or three lanes in each direction, with numerous widening and improvements made over the years. Most of US 1 consists of two former turnpike roads — the Norfolk and Bristol Turnpike and the Newburyport Turnpike; the older roads that these turnpikes were meant to bypass are now Route 1A. In the early 1930s, Route C1 was designated as an alternate route of US 1 through downtown Boston; the "C" indicated a city route. The C designation was distinct to the Boston area. Route C1 ran along Brookline Avenue, Beacon Street, Embankment Road, Charles Street, Lowell Street, Merrimac Street, Cross Street to the west end of the Sumner Tunnel.
In East Boston, it went via Porter Street to Chelsea Street shifted to the William McClellan Highway. As Storrow Drive and the Central Artery opened in the 1950s, Route C1 was rerouted to follow portions of these highways; the Route C1 designation was removed in 1971, with US 1 taking over most of the alignment south of the Charles River, Route 1A taking over most of the alignment north of the river. US 1 was moved onto the Southeast Expressway leaving most of the former alignment of C1 south of the river as having no number; the Northeast Expressway was planned to extend north, as part of Interstate 95, from Saugus, through Lynn and Peabody. The highway would bisect the Lynn Woods Reservation; the highway would connect with the present junction of I-95 and Route 128 in Peabody. The Northeast Expressway was planned to carry the I-95 designation from Charlestown to Peabody; the first section of the expressway built was the Tobin Bridge over the Mystic River, which opened in 1948. In various stages, the Chelsea and Revere portions opened from 1956 to 1958.
The highway carried the I-95 designation from 1955 to 1973. It was among the canceled highways affected by Gov. Francis Sargent's February 1970 moratorium on expressway construction within Route 128. US 1 replaced I-95 on the Northeast Expressway, in the 1970s after I-95 joined Route 128 from Westwood to Peabody around Boston. In the late 1980s, at the request of the Metropolitan District Commission in an attempt to reduce the incidence of overheight vehicles finding their way onto Storrow Drive US 1 was moved onto I-93 south of and through Boston, leaving the old route - VFW Parkway, Jamaicaway and Storrow Drive through Dedham, West Roxbury and several other Boston neighborhoods - without a number. There are still some street signs incorrectly indicating the former alignment as US 1, many local residents still refer to parts of VFW Parkway and Jamaicaway as "Route 1", as if it still runs along its old trajectory; the Massachusetts Department of Transportation was proposing a $137 million project to widen the existing 2.4-mile four-lane highway section to six lanes, from north of Route 99 in Saugus to south of Route 60 in Revere.
The project consisted of adding a twelve-foot travel ten-foot shoulder in each direction. Work include reconstruction of the Copeland Circle interchange by eliminating the existing rotary, demolition of the existing 1957 bridges from the never-built highway extension; the Lynn Street/Salem Street interchange in Malden, the Route 99 interchange in Saugus, were slated to be reconstructed. Major rock blasting will be required for the project due to a massive ledge next to the highway. Seven bridges will be replaced and three others upgraded to handle the new lanes. In 2012, $10 million was added to the state budget with the intent to be used for design costs and pulling permits for Route 1; the project was expected to begin in 2012, but no further movement by the state has been implemented. Since town officials have made the push to ask the Massachusetts Department of Transportation to revisit the project and begin development. New England road marking system List of U. S. Highways in Massachusetts U.
Massachusetts the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the states of Connecticut and Rhode Island to the south, New Hampshire and Vermont to the north, New York to the west; the state is named after the Massachusett tribe, which once inhabited the east side of the area, is one of the original thirteen states. The capital of Massachusetts is Boston, the most populous city in New England. Over 80% of Massachusetts's population lives in the Greater Boston metropolitan area, a region influential upon American history and industry. Dependent on agriculture and trade, Massachusetts was transformed into a manufacturing center during the Industrial Revolution. During the 20th century, Massachusetts's economy shifted from manufacturing to services. Modern Massachusetts is a global leader in biotechnology, higher education and maritime trade. Plymouth was the site of the second colony in New England after Popham Colony in 1607 in what is now Maine.
Plymouth was founded in 1620 by passengers of the Mayflower. In 1692, the town of Salem and surrounding areas experienced one of America's most infamous cases of mass hysteria, the Salem witch trials. In 1777, General Henry Knox founded the Springfield Armory, which during the Industrial Revolution catalyzed numerous important technological advances, including interchangeable parts. In 1786, Shays' Rebellion, a populist revolt led by disaffected American Revolutionary War veterans, influenced the United States Constitutional Convention. In the 18th century, the Protestant First Great Awakening, which swept the Atlantic World, originated from the pulpit of Northampton preacher Jonathan Edwards. In the late 18th century, Boston became known as the "Cradle of Liberty" for the agitation there that led to the American Revolution; the entire Commonwealth of Massachusetts has played a powerful commercial and cultural role in the history of the United States. Before the American Civil War, Massachusetts was a center for the abolitionist and transcendentalist movements.
In the late 19th century, the sports of basketball and volleyball were invented in the western Massachusetts cities of Springfield and Holyoke, respectively. In 2004, Massachusetts became the first U. S. state to recognize same-sex marriage as a result of the decision in Goodridge v. Department of Public Health by the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court. Many prominent American political dynasties have hailed from the state, including the Adams and Kennedy families. Harvard University in Cambridge is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States, with the largest financial endowment of any university, Harvard Law School has educated a contemporaneous majority of Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States. Kendall Square in Cambridge has been called "the most innovative square mile on the planet", in reference to the high concentration of entrepreneurial start-ups and quality of innovation which have emerged in the vicinity of the square since 2010. Both Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, have been ranked among the most regarded academic institutions in the world.
Massachusetts' public-school students place among the top tier in the world in academic performance, the state has been ranked as one of the top states in the United States for citizens to live in, as well as one of the most expensive. The Massachusetts Bay Colony was named after the indigenous population, the Massachusett derived from a Wôpanâak word muswach8sut, segmented as mus "big" + wach8 "mountain" + -s "diminutive" + -ut "locative", it has been translated as "near the great hill", "by the blue hills", "at the little big hill", or "at the range of hills", referring to the Blue Hills, or in particular the Great Blue Hill, located on the boundary of Milton and Canton. Alternatively, Massachusett has been represented as Moswetuset—from the name of the Moswetuset Hummock in Quincy, where Plymouth Colony commander Myles Standish, hired English military officer, Squanto, part of the now disappeared Patuxet band of the Wampanoag peoples, met Chief Chickatawbut in 1621; the official name of the state is the "Commonwealth of Massachusetts".
While this designation is part of the state's official name, it has no practical implications. Massachusetts has powers within the United States as other states, it may have been chosen by John Adams for the second draft of the Massachusetts Constitution because unlike the word "state", "commonwealth" at the time had the connotation of a republic, in contrast to the monarchy the former American colonies were fighting against. Massachusetts was inhabited by tribes of the Algonquian language family such as the Wampanoag, Nipmuc, Pocomtuc and Massachusett. While cultivation of crops like squash and corn supplemented their diets, these tribes were dependent on hunting and fishing for most of their food. Villages consisted of lodges called wigwams as well as longhouses, tribes were led by male or female elders known as sachems. In the early 1600s, after contact had been made with Europeans, large numbers of the indigenous peoples in the northeast of what is now the United States were killed by virgin soil epidemics such as smallpox, measles and leptospirosis.
Between 1617 and 1619, smallpox killed ap
New York (state)
New York is a state in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies. With an estimated 19.54 million residents in 2018, it is the fourth most populous state. To distinguish the state from the city with the same name, it is sometimes called New York State; the state's most populous city, New York City, makes up over 40% of the state's population. Two-thirds of the state's population lives in the New York metropolitan area, nearly 40% lives on Long Island; the state and city were both named for the 17th century Duke of York, the future King James II of England. With an estimated population of 8.62 million in 2017, New York City is the most populous city in the United States and the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. The New York metropolitan area is one of the most populous in the world. New York City is a global city, home to the United Nations Headquarters and has been described as the cultural and media capital of the world, as well as the world's most economically powerful city.
The next four most populous cities in the state are Buffalo, Rochester and Syracuse, while the state capital is Albany. The 27th largest U. S. state in land area, New York has a diverse geography. The state is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south and Connecticut and Vermont to the east; the state has a maritime border with Rhode Island, east of Long Island, as well as an international border with the Canadian provinces of Quebec to the north and Ontario to the northwest. The southern part of the state is in the Atlantic coastal plain and includes Long Island and several smaller associated islands, as well as New York City and the lower Hudson River Valley; the large Upstate New York region comprises several ranges of the wider Appalachian Mountains, the Adirondack Mountains in the Northeastern lobe of the state. Two major river valleys – the north-south Hudson River Valley and the east-west Mohawk River Valley – bisect these more mountainous regions. Western New York is considered part of the Great Lakes region and borders Lake Ontario, Lake Erie, Niagara Falls.
The central part of the state is dominated by the Finger Lakes, a popular vacation and tourist destination. New York had been inhabited by tribes of Algonquian and Iroquoian-speaking Native Americans for several hundred years by the time the earliest Europeans came to New York. French colonists and Jesuit missionaries arrived southward from Montreal for trade and proselytizing. In 1609, the region was visited by Henry Hudson sailing for the Dutch East India Company; the Dutch built Fort Nassau in 1614 at the confluence of the Hudson and Mohawk rivers, where the present-day capital of Albany developed. The Dutch soon settled New Amsterdam and parts of the Hudson Valley, establishing the multicultural colony of New Netherland, a center of trade and immigration. England seized the colony from the Dutch in 1664. During the American Revolutionary War, a group of colonists of the Province of New York attempted to take control of the British colony and succeeded in establishing independence. In the 19th century, New York's development of access to the interior beginning with the Erie Canal, gave it incomparable advantages over other regions of the U.
S. built its political and cultural ascendancy. Many landmarks in New York are well known, including four of the world's ten most-visited tourist attractions in 2013: Times Square, Central Park, Niagara Falls, Grand Central Terminal. New York is home to the Statue of Liberty, a symbol of the United States and its ideals of freedom and opportunity. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance, environmental sustainability. New York's higher education network comprises 200 colleges and universities, including Columbia University, Cornell University, New York University, the United States Military Academy, the United States Merchant Marine Academy, University of Rochester, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top 40 in the nation and world; the tribes in what is now New York were predominantly Algonquian. Long Island was divided in half between the Wampanoag and Lenape; the Lenape controlled most of the region surrounding New York Harbor.
North of the Lenape was the Mohicans. Starting north of them, from east to west, were three Iroquoian nations: the Mohawk, the original Iroquois and the Petun. South of them, divided along Appalachia, were the Susquehannock and the Erie. Many of the Wampanoag and Mohican peoples were caught up in King Philip's War, a joint effort of many New England tribes to push Europeans off their land. After the death of their leader, Chief Philip Metacomet, most of those peoples fled inland, splitting into the Abenaki and the Schaghticoke. Many of the Mohicans remained in the region until the 1800s, however, a small group known as the Ouabano migrated southwest into West Virginia at an earlier time, they may have merged with the Shawnee. The Mohawk and Susquehannock were the most militaristic. Trying to corner trade with the Europeans, they targeted other tribes; the Mohawk were known for refusing white settlement on their land and banishing any of their people who converted to Christianity. They posed a major threat to the Abenaki and Mohicans, while the Susquehannock conquered the Lenape in the 1600s.
The most devastating event of the century, was the Beaver Wars. From 1640–1680, Iroquoian peoples waged campaigns which extended from modern-day Michigan to Virginia against Algonquian and Siouan tribes, as well as each other; the ai
Massachusetts Route 23
Route 23 is a west–east route in the western Massachusetts counties of Berkshire and Hampden. The entire route is 38.43 miles. The vast majority of the road 31.2 miles, follows the Knox Trail, the historic route of General Henry Knox took to bring cannon from Fort Ticonderoga on Lake Champlain in New York to aid in ending the Siege of Boston in the winter of 1775-76. Route 23 begins at the New York state border at Egremont, Massachusetts, as a continuation of New York State Route 23 from Hillsdale; the road passes Catamount Ski Area and the village of South Egremont before merging with Route 41, just west of Great Barrington. It passes the Egremont Country Club and the Great Barrington Airport before passing the eastern terminus of Route 71. At this point the road becomes the Knox Trail. From there the road heads towards the town center, merging with U. S. Route 7, following that road for one mile before leaving Route 41, with Routes 7 and 23 turning eastward, crossing the Housatonic River. After another half-mile, U.
S. Route 7 heads northward, leaving Route 23 to head eastward, this time combined with Route 183; the two pass Butternut Basin Ski Area before entering Monterey. Just east of the line, Route 183 heads south at the western terminus of Route 57, leaving Route 23 alone. From there, the road passes through Monterey, running parallel to and crossing the Konkapot River near the center of town; the road passes Lake Chestnut Hill before crossing into Otis. The road crosses through a section of Otis State Forest and passes the Otis Ridge Ski Area before merging for a short time with Route 8 through the town's center. From there, the road heads eastward again, passing between Big Pond, Benton Pond and the Otis Reservoir towards the Hampden County line and the town of Blandford. Once in Blandford, the road heads due east, passing Miller Swamp, Jackson Hill and Blair Pond before entering the town's center, at which point the road begins to runs parallel to the south of Interstate 90. Route 23 enters Russell.
The Knox Trail leaves the route at Knox Mountain Road, the route crosses an overpass over the interstate before ending 1.1 miles east at the junction of U. S. Route 20 near the town's center. Neilbert.com Massachusetts Route Log
Salisbury is a small coastal beach town and summer tourist destination in Essex County, United States. The community is a popular summer resort beach town situated on the Atlantic Ocean, north of Boston on the New Hampshire border, it is home to the new Salisbury Beach Boardwalk, full of souvenir shops, cafes and panoramic views of the Atlantic Ocean. The population was 8,283 at the 2010 census. Parts of town comprise the census-designated place of Salisbury; this was once territory of the Pentucket tribe of Pennacook Indians. It was settled by the English in 1638 as Colchester, incorporated in 1640 as Salisbury, after Salisbury in Wiltshire, England; the original roads at the center of the town formed a compact semicircle, which allowed the residents to reach the garrison house in case of attack. Those roads still exist, though the shape today is triangular, being bounded by Elm Street, School Street and Bridge Road. One of the two greatest fears at the time was the Naumkeag tribe of Indians, thus the men of the town took turns standing watch against a surprise attack at night.
The Naumkeags, had been decimated by plague, the threat was not what it once might have been. The second threat came from wolves, which were plentiful, which killed the livestock and dug in the graveyard; the original residents, including Richard Currier, were given one small house lot near the center of town, one larger planting lot just outside the center for farming. Families owned large sections of "sweepage lots" near the beach, where they harvested the salt marsh hay. At the time, the area was entirely unbroken virgin forest, which had to be cleared for the construction of houses and the planting of fields. Richard Currier was one of the original settlers of Salisbury, he is listed in the first division of house lots in 1640 and received additional land in 1641 and 1642. In 1654 there were sixty commoners in Salisbury and they voted that thirty families were to be chosen to move west of the Powow River. Eighteen of these families were commoners and the number of commoners were increased to 26 by the time Salisbury New Town became the town of Amesbury in 1668.
Richard heads the list of the eighteen commoners and was one of the signers to the Articles of Agreement between the inhabitants of the Old Town and those of the New Town, 1 May 1654. In 1866, Beach Road was constructed across Great Marsh, providing access to the town's five miles of pristine beach, it developed into a thriving summer resort, lined with hotels, shops, cottages and amusement parks. A carousel called The Flying Horses, hand carved by Charles I. D. Looff, was installed in 1914. John Miller built the beach's first roller coaster. A Dodgem ride built by Max and Harold Stoeher of Methuen, operated at Salisbury Beach in one form or another from 1920 to 1980. Major entertainers provided concerts, including Glenn Miller, Ella Fitzgerald, Louis Armstrong, Frank Sinatra and Liberace; the resort remained vibrant through the 1960s gradually faded. WildCat, the last roller coaster, was razed in 1976. Pirate's Fun Park, the last small amusement park, closed in 2004 to be replaced with condominiums.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 17.9 square miles, of which 15.4 square miles is land and 2.4 square miles is water. Salisbury is the northernmost town in Massachusetts, with its northwest corner being at 42°53'12.26". Lying along the northern banks of the Merrimack River at its mouth, the town is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Merrimack River and Newburyport to the south, Amesbury to the west, Seabrook, New Hampshire, to the north; the town is home to Salisbury Beach State Reservation, a park which includes the entire seacoast and a small portion inland, as well as the Ram Island and Carr Island State Wildlife Management Areas, the two islands lying in the middle of the Merrimack. Much of the town is covered by marshes in the eastern part of town. Several brooks and creeks run through town as well; the town contains Salisbury Beach, Salisbury Plains and Browns Point. The town lies along the northern end of U. S. Route 1 in Massachusetts.
It enters the town via the Newburyport Turnpike Bridge and heads in a "S"-shaped route through the center of town to the New Hampshire border. Prior to the erection of the bridge, the road south of the town center was east of its current location, leading along Ferry Road to a ferry landing, which connected the town to Newburyport; the town constitutes the northern termini of Interstate 95 in Massachusetts, of Interstate 495, which lies just one-quarter mile into the town at I-95 Exit 59. Exit 60 gives access to both Route 1 and Massachusetts/New Hampshire Route 286, which provides access to the beaches; the eastern terminus of Massachusetts Route 110 is in Salisbury, accesses I-95 at Exit 58, just over the Amesbury town line. The northernmost segment of Massachusetts Route 1A passes through town, entering concurrently with Route 1 before heading east from the town center and turning north along Salisbury Beach to join New Hampshire Route 1A; the Merrimack Valley Regional Transit Authority provides local bus service connecting Salisbury to nearby communities.
The nearest train station is in Newburyport. As of the census of 2000, there were 7,827 people, 3,082 households, 1,990 families residing in the town; the population density was 507.1 people per square mile
Massachusetts Route 16
Route 16 is an east–west state highway in Massachusetts. It begins in the west at an intersection with Route 12 and Route 193 in Webster, just north of the Connecticut state border, it runs in a southwest-northeast routing through a number of Boston's suburbs and runs to the west and north of the city before ending in Revere at an intersection with Route 1A and Route 60. Much of Route 16 east of the Newton-Wellesley town line, from Cambridge eastward, is a multi-lane parkway, although it is not limited access for any significant length of road. Segments of Route 16 are known as the Mystic Valley Parkway, the Alewife Brook Parkway, the Revere Beach Parkway, among other names. From the western end of the Route 135 concurrency in Wellesley to Route 30 in Newton, the route serves as a part of the Boston Marathon, from the halfway point to just before Mile 18 and the hills. Route 16 begins at Routes 193, not far from the Connecticut border. In Webster, along the shore of Lake Chaubunagungamaug, it intersects I-395.
After passing I-395, the route continues to the northeast, going through Douglas, the Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor, Mendon and Milford, while passing beneath I-495 shortly thereafter. From I-495, Route 16 goes the Elm Bank Reservation in Sherborn; the road crosses into Natick while traveling next to the Dover line, goes through Wellesley, where Wellesley College and Babson College are located. Entering Newton, the route travels past Lasell College before crossing into Middlesex County. In Newton, Route 16 crosses Route 30 and Route 128 crossing I-90, the Massachusetts Turnpike, in West Newton, it enters Watertown shortly before crossing the Charles River, intersects U. S. Route 20 in Watertown Square; the route passes by Mount Auburn Cemetery before entering Cambridge. Continuing east, Route 16 joins U. S. Route 3 and Route 2, turning north to pass by Fresh Pond and the large parking garage at the MBTA Alewife Station. From there, Route 2 splits off at the eastern end of the freeway portion of the Concord Turnpike, while Routes 3 and 16 continue north on Alewife Brook Parkway.
Route 3 exits west at Massachusetts Avenue, while Route 16 continues north on the parkway into Somerville, meeting up with the Mystic Valley Parkway just south of the Mystic River. Route 16 follows the Mystic Valley Parkway eastward, traveling beside the Mystic River downstream and crossing it into Medford, it soon is joined from the north by Massachusetts Route 38, passes near Medford Square, where Route 38 exits to the south on Main Street. Route 16 crosses Interstate 93 in a series of ramps that include onramps to the north and south of I-93 from Route 16's eastbound lanes, a ramp from I-93 southbound to Route 16 east. Route 16 crosses the Mystic River again, reaching the Wellington Circle junction with Massachusetts Route 28 in Medford; this junction marks the end of the Mystic Valley Parkway and the beginning of the Revere Beach Parkway, on which Route 16 continues eastward, passing the Wellington MBTA station and crossing the Malden River. The route continues east through Everett and Chelsea, where it has an interchange with U.
S. Route 1 at the border with Revere; the stretch between Wellington Circle and Route 1 is characterized by a dense mixture of residential and commercial uses, in contrast to the more residential and park-like settings of the section between Wellington and Route 2. Continuing eastward from Route 1, Route 16 has an interchange with Massachusetts Route 107 at Cronin Park before heading north to a junction with Winthrop Ave, where the Revere Beach Parkway and Massachusetts Route 145 turn right. Route 16 goes a short way further north, before it ends near Revere Beach and the Atlantic Ocean at Timothy J. Mahoney Circle, a junction with Routes 1A and 60 in Revere. Parts of Route 16 were maintained by the Metropolitan District Commission, while the MDC no longer exists, the parkway portions of the route are still patrolled by the Massachusetts State Police and maintained by the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation as a remnant of the former MDC jurisdiction
Massachusetts Route 18
Massachusetts Route 18 is a north–south state highway in Southeastern Massachusetts. Beginning in the city of New Bedford, it runs as a freeway for 2 miles, continuing as a surface street until it reaches Weymouth. Route 18 starts as a four-lane freeway, a continuation of John F. Kennedy Memorial Highway in downtown New Bedford, at U. S. Route 6. After the intersection with I-195, Route 18 runs via surface streets parallel to Route 140 for a while, up to a connector road with Route 140 northbound. Route 18 continues on a northerly direction; the highway goes through the East Freetown section of Freetown, Middleborough, where the highway meets U. S. Route 44 and Route 28 at the Middleboro rotary just north of Interstate 495, beginning a six-mile concurrency with Route 28 until the center of Bridgewater, East Bridgewater, Whitman and Weymouth, ending at Route 53; the current routing of Route 18 was established in 1933 taking over what was the routing of Route 102 from Weymouth to Route 28 in Bridgewater running concurrently with Route 28 from Bridgewater to Middleboro, taking a new highway constructed in 1932 from Middleboro to Lakeville, running concurrently with Route 105 for a short distance before turning southwest and taking a route to end at Route 140 in Freetown.
Around 1968 Route 18 arrived at its current terminus when extended further south along a highway parallel to Route 140 to end at U. S. 6. When first established in 1927, Route 18 ran on a different alignment from Route 123 in Rockland north to Route 3A in Hingham using Hingham Street in Rockland. In 1931 the Hingham portion became part of the circumferential Route 128 and the remaining parts in Norwell and Rockland had the Route 18 designation removed in 1932. A major fault of Route 18 north of Bridgewater is its intersection patterns. At all lights north of Bridgewater center, the road widens to four lanes temporarily and after the intersection. While this helps alleviate backups at the lights and assists vehicles turning left off of the route, it creates bottlenecks after the intersection, where the two lanes re-merge into one. To improve this, the Massachusetts Department of Transportation's Highway Division will be widening the section of Route 18 from Highland Place in Weymouth to Route 139 in Abington from two to four lanes.
The $26 million project was planned to begin in 2013, but had yet to break ground as of July 2014. John F. Kennedy Memorial Highway on Bostonroads.com