Auckland Libraries is the public library system for the Auckland Region of New Zealand. It was created when the seven separate councils in the Auckland region merged in 2010, it is the largest public-library network in the Southern Hemisphere with 55 branches from Wellsford to Waiuku. In November 2010, Auckland's local councils merged to create the Auckland Council; as a result of this process, the seven public library systems within the region were combined to form Auckland Libraries. The following library networks were amalgamated, forming Auckland Libraries: Auckland City Libraries Bookinopolis Manukau Libraries North Shore Libraries Papakura Library Services – The Sir Edmund Hillary Library Rodney Libraries Waitakere Libraries In the years leading up to the merger of the library systems within Auckland, the separate library systems combined to form a consortium in order to align their processes; this organisation was called eLGAR. This consortium settled on Millenium as their Library Management System, the libraries within this system all moved to this software.
The result was that the library systems were able to offer their customers a seamless transition to membership of the larger network, with immediate access to all 55 libraries from November 1, 2010. Prior to amalgamation, Auckland City Libraries was a network of 17 public libraries and a mobile library operated by Auckland City Council. In September 1880, Auckland City Council took responsibility for the library of the Auckland Mechanics' Institute which had come under financial difficulties; the Mechanics’ Institute was formed in 1842 and the items remaining in its library, along with items from the Library of the old Auckland Provincial Council, were included in the collection of the Auckland Free Public Library. In 1887, George Grey donated around 8,000 books, doubling the existing collection, a new building was erected for the library on the corner of Wellesley and Coburg streets. At the time, this building housed the entire collection for the Auckland public library, in addition to the city's art collection.
Additionally, from its inception in 1916 until it was closed in 1957, The Old Colonists’ Museum was in this building. This building is now the Auckland Art Gallery; the building on Lorne Street that houses the Central City library was opened in 1971. Before amalgamation, three public libraries—Pukekohe and Tuakau—made up a network known as "Bookinopolis". A municipal library had first been established at Pukekohe in 1913 and at Waiuku in 1946, in each case taking over an existing subscription library. Tuakau Public Library was opened in 1977. After local-body amalgamation in 1989, these three libraries formed the Franklin District library system. In 2000, this was taken over by the Franklin District Library Trust; the Trust renamed its library system "Bookinopolis". In 2010, the Pukekohe and Waiuku libraries became branches of Auckland Libraries, due to boundary changes, Tuakau was taken over by Waikato Dictrict Council; when Manukau City Council was formed by the amalgamation of Manukau County and Manurewa Borough in 1965, it took over responsibility for a small subscription library at Māngere East and volunteer-run community libraries in Alfriston, Clevedon, Kawakawa Bay, Orere Point and Weymouth.
The newly formed city opened its first full-service public library at Manurewa in 1967. This was followed by children’s libraries at both Otara and Māngere East in 1969, branch libraries at Pakuranga in 1973 and Manukau City Centre in 1976, a combined school and public library at Ngā Tapuwae College in 1978. Came Māngere Bridge in 1979, Māngere Town Centre in 1980 and Highland Park in 1987. Local-body amalgamation in 1989 saw two more libraries added to the system: Papatoetoe and Howick, where the municipal library services dated from 1945 and 1947 respectively. In 1958 Papatoetoe Library had earned the distinction of setting up the first municipal mobile library in New Zealand. Manukau Libraries’ last three branches were Clendon, the innovative Tupu-Dawson Road Youth Library, the Botany Idealibrary. Clendon Library was renamed Te Matariki Clendon when it was relocated in 2006. Throughout its life, Manukau Libraries operated as a dispersed rather than a centralised library system. However, in 2001 it opened a reference and reading room near Manukau City Centre that expanded into the Manukau Research Library.
By 2010 Manukau Libraries operated 13 branch libraries, a research library, five volunteer-run'rural libraries', a mobile library. In 1989, the North Shore City Council was formed by combining the various boroughs that had existed on the North Shore, so that prior to the 2010 amalgamation of the council into the Auckland Council, North Shore Libraries was a network of six libraries and a mobile library. Membership of Auckland Libraries is free for residents and ratepayers of the Auckland Council region. Auckland Libraries has a small number of rental collections. Library members can request an item from any of the libraries in Auckland Libraries for free. Many of the libraries provide Internet access; the library system gives access to three specialised eBook suppliers: Overdrive, BorrowBox, Wheelers. There is a Digital Library which includes over 100 databases; the library system provides a number of free events: Wriggle and Rhyme: Active Movement for Early Learning for babies.
Kumeu is an affluent rural community situated 25 km north-west of the Auckland City centre in New Zealand. State Highway 16 and the North Auckland Line pass through the town. Huapai lies to the west, Riverhead to the north, Whenuapai to the east, West Harbour to the south-east, Taupaki to the south; the population was 6,603 in the 2006 census, an increase of 933 from 2001. The district was settled by immigrants from the Dalmatian coast of Croatia, many of whom were part of traditional winegrowing families. At the 2006 Census, the median income of people in the Kumeu area unit was $30,600, compared with $26,800 for the whole Auckland Region; the unemployment rate in Kumeu was 2.9 percent, compared with 5.6 percent for Auckland. Areas surrounding the Kumeu district produce labels such as Kumeu River, Cooper's Creek and Soljans Estate Winery have gained a good reputation for their Chardonnay and Sauvignon blanc wines; the winegrowing district is the main industry in both Kumeu itself and the smaller nearby settlements of Huapai and Waimauku.
Kumeu River Wines, established in 1944. Coopers Creek, established in 1980. Landmark Estate, founded in 1937. Matua Valley, established in 1966. Matua Valley closed its doors in 2016. Nobilos remained family owned until the late 1990s. Now known as Nobilo Wine Group, the company is New Zealand's second largest wine company. Soljans Estate Winery was established in 1932 in West Auckland; as the company grew they moved to Kumeu in 2002 The area is popular for lifestyle block farming and equestrian pursuits. The Kumeu Agricultural and Horticultural Society hosts one of the largest annual shows in the Southern Hemisphere on 34 hectares of land owned by the Kumeu District Agricultural and Horticultural Society, on the second weekend in March every year; the nearby localities of Woodhill forest and Muriwai Beach means it has strong recreational interests. Since 1948 Kumeu has had a brass band, competing in many events, playing in parades, concerts & private Functions, traditional & modern music for all occasions.
The Kumeu Showgrounds are the venue for the annual Auckland Folk Festival, a 4-day event of music and workshops, now in its 46th year. The festival is held over the last weekend in January; the railway network's North Auckland Line passes through Kumeu. For six years the town was the terminus of the isolated Kumeu-Riverhead Section railway, which linked Kumeu to Riverhead, where ferries ran to Auckland, it operated from 1875 until 1881. In 1881, the North Auckland Line reached Kumeu; this status lasted a mere five days. In June 2007 it was announced that suburban rail services would be extended to Helensville in 2008, with temporary stations to be built at Huapai and Waimauku; the service commenced on 14 July 2008 for a one-year trial period, was suspended permanently in 2009. Kumeu is served by Huapai District School, a coeducational full primary serving years 1–8 with a decile rating of 9 and a roll of 461, the state integrated Hare Krishna School, a coeducational full primary serving years 1–8 with a decile rating of 5 and a roll of 72.
The majority of highschool-aged students attend schools in surrounding suburbs. The closest secondary schools are Kaipara College, Massey High School, Liston College, Albany Junior High School and St Dominic's College. Māori place names: Huapai – good fruit Kumeu – pulling the breast Muriwai – backwater or junction of streams Kumeu District – The Fruit Bowl of Auckland History of Henderson pdf Kumeu Community portal Hare Krishna School website
West Harbour, Auckland
West Harbour is a suburb of Auckland, located to the west of Auckland City. It is named for its location on the western side of the Waitematā Harbour. West Harbour is under the governance of Auckland Council after the amalgamation of district councils in 2010. A suburb of the former Waitakere City territory district, however it has long been considered that this suburb does not form a part of West Auckland. Local features include many public reserves, two local primary schools, West Harbour School and Marina View School, a Church, farm land. West Harbour is home to Hobsonville Marina, a large marina catering to around 600 of private leisure boats and yachts, part of the route the Royal Family took during their 2014 visit; as the unique terrain of West Harbour, most of the houses have a magnificent sea view and city view, which makes the suburb become one of the exclusive suburb in Auckland City and home to hundreds of multi million houses and mansions. West Harbour has the highest median house price in Waitakere City.
Locally located State secondary schools are Massey High School, Rutherford College, Henderson High School, Liston College, Waitakere College and St Dominic's College
Albany, New Zealand
Albany is one of the northernmost suburbs of the contiguous Auckland metropolitan area in New Zealand. It is located to the north of the Waitematā Harbour, 15 kilometres northwest of the Auckland city centre; the suburb is in one of the thirteen administrative divisions of Auckland Council. One of the city's newest suburbs, it was until recently a town in its own right, still has a feeling of not being a part of the city, which lies predominantly to the southeast of it. Much of the land to the north of Albany is still semi-rural; the Māori name for the area was Okahukura. The town was known as Lucas Creek. By 1890 it was a fruit-growing area and in that year it was renamed'Albany' after the fruit-growing district called'Albany' in Australia, pronounced with a short'a' as in Albert; the name Albany derives from its Latinisation. In 2005, there were plans to turn a major swath of Albany into a planned mini-urban centre, described as a "happy mix of businesses, shops and entertainment an environment of parks and lakes and of tree-lined streets and cycleways linking to the new park-and-ride bus station and the rapid-busway lanes along the Northern Motorway to downtown Auckland", according to a newspaper report.
It would be home to 10,000 people. Authorities wanted sound-proofed apartments against outside noise. Initial plans called for hotels, municipal swimming pool as well as the headquarters for the North Shore City Council. In some respects, development has proceeded accordingly, but the 2008–09 economic downturn has blunted some of this activity; the population was 3,057 in an increase of 888 from the 2006 Census. There were 1,092 occupied dwellings in Albany in 2013, demographic makeup was 73% European, 5% Maori, 2% Pacific peoples, 22% Asian, 3% Middle Eastern/Latin American/African, 1% other; the median income of $32,600 was higher than for the Auckland Region of $29,600. Unemployment in Albany was 7.0%, lower than the Auckland average of 8.1%. 91% had internet access and 88% had cell phones. Cars were prevalent. A near majority were born overseas. Ethnically, in keeping with the wider North Shore, Albany was predominantly Pakeha and Asian, had a high proportion of recent migrants from both elsewhere in New Zealand and overseas.
Albany has become, in some respects, a substantial shopping and retail zone within the northwestern Auckland area. The area is fast-growing in terms of its population and the development of the built environment, following planning decisions and land sales made by central and local governments in the 1980s and 1990s. Through the 1990s industrial and retail areas were produced, predominantly owned and occupied by local and foreign corporate capital. A major shopping centre hub was opened in the late 1990s and has since expanded, with Westfield Albany becoming New Zealand's largest shopping centre; the so-called supermall opened in August 2007 on McKinnon Drive costing $210 million with 142 shops built by over 3500 workers, which features 1800 cinema seats and an indoor area of 7ha. There is parking for 2300 vehicles. Kmart and New World stores are anchors; the mall claimed it provides "free space for community organisations for awareness and fundraising activities" but one volunteer claimed he was ejected from the premises while trying to raise money for veterans because of a dispute with mall management.
There has been development of a substantial retail project anchored by a 10,000 square metre Mega Mitre 10 store on Oteha Valley Road, across from the North Harbour Stadium, run by Symphony Projects Management. Albany has been the site of a $500 million so-called Super City showcase development project. Plans in 2006 featured a 200-room hotel, apartment complex with three 30-storey towers, up to 15 office blocks rising 10 levels high, but in the economic downturn of 2008–09, the project was in dire straits. Albany has a site for Sky Television's Prime TV, as well as the Broadcast Centre for Sky PPV. There are movie theatres including the 1800-seat multiplex inside the new mall, although there were reports of roof problems and weathertightness. A large furniture store opened in May 2009 creating up to 30 jobs. High tech firms such as Garmin, a firm specializing in satellite navigation and communications technology, has a showroom in Albany. There are upscale restaurants. Surf-wear fashion retailer Billabong has an outlet store in Albany.
Considerable housing development has taken place since the early 1990s, facilitated by the extension of the Northern Motorway through the area. There are upscale properties. In 2005, the rent for a two bedroom apartment was $300 per week. Albany has North Harbour Stadium, it draws 25,000 spectators to games and is home to North Harbour rugby team in the ITM Cup and hosts Super 15 matches of the Blues. It was a stadium used in the 2011 Rugby World Cup. Albany has a gymnasium where New Zealand taekwondo Olympic representatives Logan Campbell and Robin Cheong trained in 2008 under the guidance of their coach Grandmaster Jin Keun Oh, it has a tennis park. Rugby teams practice regularly; the North Harbour BMX club has a race track at Bush Road, Albany where many New Zealand reps have tr
Paula Lee Bennett is a New Zealand politician who serves as the Deputy Leader of the National Party and MP for Upper Harbour. She served as the Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand between December 2016 and October 2017. Bennett represented the electorate of Waitakere, abolished prior to the 2014 general election, she held the Cabinet portfolios of State Services, Tourism and Climate Change Issues before the National Party were replaced in government by a Labour/NZ First coalition in October 2017. Bennett was born on 9 April 1969 in Auckland, New Zealand, the daughter of Bob Bennett and Lee Bennett, she has Tainui ancestry through Ailsa Bennett. Her father had a flooring business in Auckland in 1974 bought the village store at Kinloch, near Taupo. Bennett attended Taupo-nui-a-Tia College in Taupo. At 17 she gave birth to a daughter and raised her alone while working in hospitality and tourism-industry jobs or, at times, receiving the Domestic Purposes Benefit. In 1992 Bennett moved to Auckland, where she worked in a rest home, first as a kitchenhand and as a nurse aide.
She began studying social work at the Albany campus of Massey University in 1994. She became the welfare officer of the Massey University at Albany Students' Association in 1996, the president, which she said gave her a taste for politics, she discontinued the social work component of her course of study, leaving social policy, graduated with a Bachelor of Arts. After graduating, Bennett worked as an electorate secretary for Murray McCully, National Party member of Parliament for East Coast Bays, until the 1999 general election, she worked as a recruitment consultant for several years and assisted McCully in the 2002 general election campaign. In the 2005 general election Bennett stood as the National Party candidate for the Waitakere seat, with a ranking of 45th on National's party list, she failed to win Waitakere, but entered Parliament as a list MP. In the 2008 election, she unseated Waitakere MP Lynne Pillay, winning the seat with a majority of 632. Bennett was appointed to several cabinet roles in the new National-led government.
In the 2011 election, Bennett again stood for the Waitakere seat, secured an election night majority of 349 votes. After the routine counting of special votes 10 days the result had swung towards Labour candidate Carmel Sepuloni. Bennett was subsequently declared the winner after a judicial recount. Carmel Sepuloni was not placed high enough on Labour's list to remain an MP and was ousted from Parliament as a result of her loss; the 2013–14 electoral boundary review saw Bennett's Waitakere electorate abolished in favour of two new electorates in western Auckland and Upper Harbour. At the 2014 election, Bennett stood for the Upper Harbour seat and won with a majority of 9,692 votes. During the 2017 election, Bennett contested the Upper Harbour seat and was re-elected with a majority of 9,556 votes. While in opposition, Bennett held three roles under National party leader Don Brash: Member of the Social Services Select Committee, Associate Spokesperson on Welfare, Community and Voluntary Sector Liaison.
When John Key became party leader in 2006, Bennett switched to membership of the Education and Science Select Committee and no longer held the Spokesperson and Liaison roles. Before becoming Deputy Prime Minister, Bennett was best known for leading social welfare reforms as Minister of Social Development and Employment and Minister of Social Development. During that time she was Minister of Youth Affairs, Minister for Disability Issues, Associate Minister of Housing. After the 2014 election, Bennett became Minister of State Services, Minister of Social Housing, Associate Minister of Finance and Minister of Local Government, she was Associate Minister of Tourism from 2014 to 12 December 2016, Acting Minister between 12 and 20 December 2016 Minister of Tourism. She was the Minister for Climate Change Issues from 2015. On 20 December 2016 she became Minister for Women, Minister of Police. Bennett became Deputy Leader of the National Party and was sworn in as Deputy Prime Minister on 12 December 2016.
She held the State Services, Tourism and Climate Change Issues Cabinet portfolios during the third term of the Fifth National Government. Following the formation of a Labour-led coalition government in October 2017, Bennett remained Deputy Leader of the National Party, she became the party's Spokesperson for the "social investment and social services", "tertiary education and employment", the women portfolios. After a cabinet reshuffle in January 2019, Bennett was appointed by Bridges as National's Spokesperson for "drug reform." Bennett has argued that the government's drug reform policy needs to consider health and justice. For several years Bennett appeared on TV One's Breakfast with friend Labour MP Darren Hughes. In January 2009, Bennett was about to enter her local shopping mall in Henderson when she saw a group of around 30 teenagers fighting outside the mall, she intervened to break up the fighting before Police arrived, earning praise as a "tough lady", arranged community networking to address the underlying issues.
In March 2010, Bennett accepted an Eisenhower fellowship. The prestigious six week Fellowship in the United States was awarded to only 20 women around the world who were identified as outstanding leaders. Bennett has been criticised by opponents for the inconsistency between her personal history of reliance on government social welfare benefits, including financial support for tertiary study, a "hardline" approach to benefit policies whe
Te Atatu is the name of two adjacent suburbs in western Auckland, New Zealand: Te Atatu Peninsula and Te Atatu South. They are located next to each other some 10 kilometres to the west of the Auckland city centre, are separated by the Northwestern Motorway. Te Atatu Peninsula known as Te Atatu North, lies, as the name suggests, on a small peninsula, it is located at the western extremity of the Waitemata Harbour, is formed by the Henderson Creek, an estuarial arm of the harbour that extends southwest from the harbour. The peninsula thus formed is four kilometres in length and two kilometres in width, is joined to the main part of the North Island at its southern end. Te Atatu South is sited at the point where the peninsula meets the rest of the island, south of the motorway interchange, which bisects the more linked areas. Both suburban areas are characterised by a well-established suburban neighbourhood, with two town centres providing shops, medical services and community facilities. Most inhabitants work in Auckland City.
The Te Atatū electorate, which covers both suburbs, is served in the New Zealand Parliament by Phil Twyford. The peninsula, is defined by Henderson Creek in the west, the Whau River in the east. Mangroves and other estuarine epifauna dominate the boundaries, with the geology composed of marine and stream sediments; the original Maori name for the area was Orukuwai. The remains of a large Māori settlement were found in many places on the suburb, the remains of flax baskets, fishing nets, old clothes were found in the land of a local resident and heaps of pipi shells have been found in farms. European settlement began between 1853 and 1873 when Thomas Henderson acquired land from the Ngati Whatua and the Crown in 1855, he established the Henderson Timber Mill in. The area was known as Henderson Point until 1907 when it was renamed Te Atatu by Reverend Jackson Bennett; the name was based upon his vision of the morning sun shimmering on the Waitemata. The two suburbs were rural areas until the 1950s when the first stages of the Northwestern Motorway were opened along the coast of the Waitemata Harbour.
This encouraged suburban settlements to the west of Auckland, Te Atatu grew as a result. In the 2000s, the working-class suburb area became popular for luxury apartments and other higher-cost residential development. In the 1950s, there were plans to build a new deepwater port at the Te Atatu peninsula. Land was acquired under public works regulations, the Auckland Harbour Bridge was built to a clear height sufficient to allow large ships to pass under it. However, the port idea was never realised, the land was released for subdivision, though legal fights with the former landowners continue; the two suburbs are bisected by State Highway 16, connecting the west and northwest of Auckland to Auckland City. The Te Atatu Interchange is being upgraded to deal with the increased traffic; the Northwestern Cycleway runs along the motorway as well, some locals like to use it to commute to their jobs in the Auckland CBD areas. Walkways and Cycleways run along both coasts along the Henderson Creek and Whau River.
A regular bus service runs along Te Atatu Rd. A ferry service to the city has been proposed; the local State secondary school is Rutherford College. Other convenient State secondary schools are Henderson High School, ACG Sunderland school and college, Liston College, St Dominic's College. Local intermediate schools are Rangeview Intermediate. There are seven primary schools: Edmonton, Flanshaw Road, Tirimoana, Rutherford and Peninsula. Te Atatu is home to several sports clubs; the most successful is the Te Atatu Roosters rugby league team who were national champions in 1988. They are based at Jack Colvin Park. Other teams who play in the Te Atatu area are the Te Atatu Tennis Club, Waitakere Cricket Club, Waitakere rugby union club, Waitemata Football Club, Te Atatu Football Club, West City Baseball Club, Te Atatu softball club and Te Atatu Boating Club. Te Atatu Peninsula Business Association
William Ferguson Massey known as Bill Massey, was an Irish-born politician in New Zealand who served as the 19th Prime Minister of New Zealand from May 1912 to May 1925. He was the founding leader of the Reform Party, New Zealand's second organised political party, from 1909 until his death. Massey was born in County Londonderry in Ireland. After migrating to New Zealand in 1870, Massey farmed near Auckland and assumed leadership in farmers' organisations, he entered parliament in 1894 as a conservative, from 1894 to 1912 was a leader of the conservative opposition to the Liberal ministries of Richard Seddon and Joseph Ward. Massey became the first Reform Party Prime Minister after he led a successful motion of no confidence against the Liberal government. Throughout his political career Massey was known for the particular support he showed for agrarian interests, as well as his opposition to organised labour, he pledged New Zealand's support for Britain during the First World War. Massey led his Reform Party through four elections, although only the 1919 election was a decisive victory over all other parties.
Following poor health in his fourth term, Massey died in office. After Richard Seddon, he is the second-longest-serving Prime Minister of New Zealand. Massey was born in 1856 into a Protestant farming family, grew up in Limavady, County Londonderry in Ireland, his father John Massey and his mother Marianne née Ferguson were tenant farmers, who owned a small property. His family arrived in New Zealand on 21 October 1862 on board the Indian Empire as Nonconformist settlers, although Massey remained in Ireland for a further eight years to complete his education. After arriving on 10 December 1870 on the City of Auckland, Massey worked as a farmhand for some years before acquiring his own farm in Mangere, south Auckland, in 1876. In 1882 Massey married Christina Allan Paul, they had seven children. Massey became more prominent in his community; this was due to his civic involvement in the school board, the debating society,and farming associations. Because of his prominence in these circles, he became involved in political debate, working on behalf of rural conservatives against the Liberal Party government of John Ballance.
William Massey was a member of the Orange Order and freemasons, espoused British Israelite ideas. In 1893 Massey stood as a candidate in the general election in the Franklin electorate, losing to the Liberal candidate, Benjamin Harris. In early 1894 he was invited to contest a by-election in the neighbouring electorate of Waitemata, was victorious. In the 1896 election he stood for the Franklin electorate, which he represented until he died in 1925. Massey joined the ranks of the independent MPs opposing the Liberal Party, led by Richard Seddon, they were poorly organised and dispirited, had little chance of unseating the Liberals. William Russell, the Leader of the Opposition, was able to command only 15 votes. Massey became opposition whip. By June 1900, following a heavy defeat at the 1899 general election, the opposition strength fell considerably; the conservative MPs could not agree on a new leader after holding their first caucus of the session. For over two years the conservatives were leaderless and many despaired of toppling the Liberal Party.
Massey, as chief whip, informally filled the role as leader and succeeded Russell as Leader of the Opposition formally in September 1903. As leader, the conservatives rallied for a time, though support for the Liberals increased markedly during the Second Boer War, leaving the conservatives devastated at the 1902 general election. Massey's political career survived the period: despite a challenge by William Herries, he remained the most prominent opponent to the Liberal Party. After Seddon's death the Liberals were led by Joseph Ward, who proved more vulnerable to Massey's attacks. In particular, Massey made gains by claiming that alleged corruption and cronyism within the civil service was ignored or abetted by the Liberal government, his conservative politics benefited him when voters grew concerned about militant unionism and the supposed threat of socialism. In February 1909, Massey announced the creation of the Reform Party from his New Zealand Political Reform League; the party was to be backed by his conservative colleagues.
In the 1911 election the Reform Party won more seats than the Liberal Party but did not gain an absolute majority. The Liberals, relying on support from independents who had not joined Reform, were able to stay in power until the following year, when they lost a vote of confidence. Massey was sworn in as Prime Minister on 10 July 1912. Two days it was reported in the press on 12 July that he had accepted the appointment of Honorary Commandant of the Auckland District of the Legion of Frontiersmen; some members of the Reform Party grew frustrated at Massey's dominance of the party. He earned the enmity of many workers with his harsh response to miners' and waterfront workers' strikes in 1912 and 1913; the use of force to deal with the strikers made Massey an object of hatred for the emerging left-wing, but conservatives supported him, saying that his methods were necessary. His association with the Legion of Frontiersmen assisted him during this period as a number of mounted units, including Levin Troop, rode to Wellington in mufti and assisted as Special Constables.
In the Levin Troop was a young Bernard Freyberg, who would shortly earn the Victoria Cross near Beaumont Ha