The Master of Business Administration degree originated in the United States in the early 20th century when the country industrialized and companies sought scientific management. The core courses in an MBA program cover various areas of business administration such as accounting, applied statistics, human resources, business communication, business ethics, business law, business strategy, managerial economics, entrepreneurship, supply-chain management, operations management in a manner most relevant to management analysis and strategy. Most programs include elective courses and concentrations for further study in a particular area, for example accounting and marketing. MBA programs in the United States require completing about forty to sixty credits, much higher than the thirty credits required for degrees that cover some of the same material such as the Master of Economics, Master of Finance, Master of Accountancy, Master of Science in Marketing and Master of Science in Management; the MBA is a professional degree.
Accreditation bodies for MBA programs ensure consistency and quality of education. Business schools in many countries offer programs tailored to full-time, part-time and distance learning students, many with specialized concentrations; the first school of business in the United States was The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania established in 1881 through a donation from Joseph Wharton. In 1900, the Tuck School of Business was founded at Dartmouth College conferring the first advanced degree in business a Master of Science in Commerce, the predecessor to the MBA; the Harvard Graduate School of Business Administration established the first MBA program in 1908, with 15 faculty members, 33 regular students and 47 special students. Its first-year curriculum was based on Frederick Winslow Taylor’s scientific management; the number of MBA students at Harvard increased from 80 in 1908, over 300 in 1920, 1,070 in 1930. At this time, only American universities offered MBAs. Other countries preferred.
Other milestones include: 1930: First management and leadership education program for executives and mid-career experienced managers. 1943: First Executive MBA program for working professionals at the University of Chicago Booth School of Business. Chicago was the first business school to establish permanent campuses on three continents in Chicago and Singapore. Most business schools today offer a global component to their executive MBA. Since the program was established, the school has moved its campuses and is now based in Chicago and Hong Kong. 1946: First MBA focused on global management at Thunderbird School of Global Management. 1950: First MBA outside of the United States, in Canada, followed by the University of Pretoria in South Africa in 1951. 1955: First MBA offered at an Asian school at the Institute of Business Administration Karachi at the University of Karachi in Pakistan, in collaboration with the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. 1957: First MBA offered at a European school.
1963: First MBA offered in Korea by Korea University Business School. 1986: First MBA program requiring every student to have a laptop computer in the classroom at the Roy E. Crummer Graduate School of Business at Rollins College. Beginning with the 1992–1993 academic year, Columbia Business School required all incoming students to purchase a laptop computer with standard software, becoming the first business school to do so. 1994: First online executive MBA program at Athabasca University. The MBA degree has been adopted by universities worldwide in both developed and developing countries. Business school or MBA program accreditation by external agencies provides students and employers with an independent view of the school or program's quality, as well as whether the curriculum meets specific quality standards; the three major accrediting bodies in the United States are: Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business, Accreditation Council for Business Schools and Programs, International Assembly for Collegiate Business Education.
All of these groups accredit schools outside the US. The ACBSP and the IACBE are themselves recognized in the United States by the Council for Higher Education Accreditation. MBA programs with specializations for students pursuing careers in healthcare management eligible for accreditation by the Commission on the Accreditation of Healthcare Management Education. US MBA programs may be accredited at the institutional level. Bodies that accredit institutions as a whole include: Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools, New England Association of Schools and Colleges, Higher Learning Commission, Northwest Commission on Colleges and Universities, Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, Western Association of Schools and Colleges. Accreditation agencies outside the United States include the Association of MBAs, a UK-based organization that accredits MBA, DBA and MBM programs worldwide, government accreditation bodies such as the All India Council for Technical Education, which accredits MBA and Postgraduate Diploma in Management programs across India.
Some of the leading bodies in India that certify MBA institutions and their programs are the A
Dillon is a train station in Dillon, South Carolina, served by Amtrak, the United States' railroad passenger system. It was built by the Florence Railroad in 1893, but only as a freight station. Once the railroad was consolidated into the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad in 1898, the passenger station was opened in 1904; the station survived the merger of the Atlantic Coast Line and Seaboard Air Line Railroads into the Seaboard Coast Line Railroad in 1967, only to terminate passenger service in 1971. Amtrak service to Dillon began on June 1976, with the introduction of the Palmetto; the four-faced station clock contains two Fahrenheit thermometers. Media related to Dillon at Wikimedia CommonsDillon, SC – Amtrak Dillon Amtrak Station Dillon, SC
Kinsley greyhound stadium is a Greyhound Board of Great Britain regulated greyhound racing stadium situated in Kinsley, West Yorkshire, England. It was voted "Best National Greyhound Racing Club greyhound stadium in the north" by the British Greyhound Racing Board for 2008. Racing takes place every Saturday evening in addition to their three ARC meetings one of which includes Sunday afternoons; the circumference of the track at Kinsley is 385 metres. Gymcrack The Kinsley greyhound track is situated between Leeds and Doncaster and was built and opened in 1939; the track served the local mining village. After the war the track could accommodate a maximum of 3,500 spectators. In 1985 John Curran and Keith Murrell took over the running of the track and invested into the stadium by improving the facilities. Distances were changed to 100, 260, 330, 460 & 630 metres, an'Inside Sumner' hare was put in and a competition was introduced called the Kinsley Greyhound Derby; the race offered £20,000 eclipsing many of the top National Greyhound Racing Club events at the time.
A computer totalisator was added and twelve bookmakers stood on course. There were 48 kennels on site and the Jubilee restaurant offered room for 160 covers; the track was beginning to show all the hallmarks of a regulated circuit and had a thriving social club open all week. Despite the significant stature of the track it was not until 2000 that the decision was taken to apply for an NGRC licence, granted; the new distances were 450, 485 and 656 metres. Keith Murrell acted as Racing Manager; the first meeting was on 15 January 2000 and racing was on Tuesday and Saturday evenings. Distances have since changed on two more occasions and a Swaffham hare has been introduced. In 2010 the track was rewarded by being allocated the 2010 Television Trophy, an event won by Midway Skipper and in 2011 the Gymcrack was introduced after it switched from Hall Green Stadium; the first winner was Nick Colton’s Taranis Rex, a black and white dog that broke the track record in the process. In 2018 Brinkleys Poet won the event and set a new track record time by beating the previous best time of 27.02 by Droopys Trapeze.
In 2018 the stadium signed a deal with ARC to race a Tuesday and Friday matinée meeting and a Sunday afternoon meeting every week. Official Website