Sir William Pole, 4th Baronet
Sir William Pole, 4th Baronet, of Colcombe Castle, near Colyton and Shute, near Honiton, Devon was an English politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons between 1701 and 1734. Pole was the eldest son of Sir John Pole, 3rd Baronet, MP and Anne Morice, the daughter of Sir William Morice, MP, he matriculated at New College, Oxford on 7 July 1696, aged 18. He succeeded his father in 1708. Pole was returned unopposed as Member of Parliament for Newport at the second general election of 1701, he was returned as MP for Camelford at a by-election on 17 January 1704 and retained the seat in the 1705 general election. At the 1708 general election he was returned unopposed again for Newport. At the 1710 general election he was returned as MP for Devon He was appointed Master of the Household in 1712 but lost a by election on 22 July 1712, he was returned unopposed for Bossiney at the 1713 general election. Pole was elected MP for Honiton at a by-election on 17 March 1716 and re-elected in 1722 when he was returned for Newport.
He was defeated at Honiton at the 1727 general election but was seated on petition on 15 March 1731. He did not stand in 1734. Pole married Elizabeth Warry, the daughter of Robert Warry of Shute, Devon before 1733 when his son was born, he died from ‘gout in his stomach’ on 31 December 1741. He was succeeded by John, he had a daughter
Lord Edward Clinton
Lieutenant-Colonel Lord Edward William Pelham-Clinton, known as Lord Edward Clinton, was a British Liberal Party politician. Clinton was the second son of Henry Pelham-Clinton, 5th Duke of Newcastle and his wife Lady Susan Hamilton and educated at Eton until 1853, he joined the Rifle Brigade as an ensign in 1854 and served in the Crimea after the fall of Sebastopol. He spent 5 years in Canada. In 1878 he retired in 1880 while posted in India. Clinton was elected unopposed at the 1865 general election as Member of Parliament for North Nottinghamshire, but did not seek re-election in 1868. Clinton was Groom-in-Waiting to Queen Victoria from 1881 to 1894 Master of the Household from 1894 until her death, he reverted to a Groom-in-Waiting under her successor King Edward VII in 1901 and remained in that post until his death. On 22 August 1865, he married Matilda Jane Cradock-Hartopp, a daughter of Sir William Cradock-Hartopp, 3rd Baronet, but the couple did not have any children; as a memorial to his wife he reconstructed the chancel of St Gabriel's church, Pimlico, at a cost of £1,400 commissioning the architect of Westminster Cathedral, JF Bentley.
On his death he was buried in a tomb in Brookwood Cemetery. The tomb is now Grade II* listed by English Heritage. KCB: Knight Commander of the Most Honourabe Order of the Bath GCVO: Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order - 2 February 1901 Prussia - 1st class, Order of the Crown - 1901 - during the visit of Emperor Wilhelm II for the death and funeral of Queen Victoria in January–February 1901 Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Lord Edward Clinton
Royal Victorian Order
The Royal Victorian Order is a dynastic order of knighthood established in 1896 by Queen Victoria. It recognises distinguished personal service to the monarch of the Commonwealth realms, members of the monarch's family, or to any viceroy or senior representative of the monarch; the present monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, is the sovereign of the order, the order's motto is Victoria, its official day is 20 June. The order's chapel is the Savoy Chapel in London. There is no limit on the number of individuals honoured at any grade, admission remains at the sole discretion of the monarch, with each of the order's five grades and one medal with three levels representing different levels of service. While all those honoured may use the prescribed styles of the order—the top two grades grant titles of knighthood, all grades accord distinct post-nominal letters—the Royal Victorian Order's precedence amongst other honours differs from realm to realm and admission to some grades may be barred to citizens of those realms by government policy.
Prior to the close of the 19th century, most general honours within the British Empire were bestowed by the sovereign on the advice of her British ministers, who sometimes forwarded advice from ministers of the Crown in the Dominions and colonies. Queen Victoria thus established on 21 April 1896 the Royal Victorian Order as a junior and personal order of knighthood that allowed her to bestow directly to an empire-wide community honours for personal services; the organisation was founded a year preceding Victoria's Diamond Jubilee, so as to give the Queen time to complete a list of first inductees. The order's official day was made 20 June of each year, marking the anniversary of Queen Victoria's accession to the throne. In 1902, King Edward VII created the Royal Victorian Chain "as a personal decoration for royal personages and a few eminent British subjects" and it was the highest class of the Royal Victorian Order, it is today distinct from the order, though it is issued by the chancery of the Royal Victorian Order.
After 1931, when the Statute of Westminster came into being and the Dominions of the British Empire became independent states, equal in status to Britain, the Royal Victorian Order remained an honour open to all the King's realms. The order was open to foreigners from its inception, the Prefect of Alpes-Maritimes and the Mayor of Nice being the first to receive the honour in 1896; the reigning monarch is at the apex of the Royal Victorian Order as its Sovereign, followed by the Grand Master. Queen Elizabeth II appointed her daughter, Princess Royal, to the position in 2007. Below the Grand Master are five officials of the organisation: the Chancellor, held by the Lord Chamberlain. Thereafter follow those honoured with different grades of the order, divided into five levels: the highest two conferring accolades of knighthood and all having post-nominal letters and, the holders of the Royal Victorian Medal in either gold, silver or bronze. Foreigners may be admitted as honorary members, there are no limits to the number of any grade, promotion is possible.
The styles of knighthood are not used by princes, princesses, or peers in the uppermost ranks of the society, save for when their names are written in their fullest forms for the most official occasions. Retiring Deans of the Royal Peculiars of St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle and Westminster Abbey are customarily inducted as Knights Commander. Prior to 1984, the grades of Lieutenant and Member were classified as Members and Members but both with the post-nominals MVO. On 31 December of that year, Queen Elizabeth II declared that those in the grade of Member would henceforth be Lieutenants with the post-nominals LVO; the current officers of the Royal Victorian Order are as follows: Sovereign: Queen Elizabeth II, since 1952 Grand Master: Anne, Princess Royal, since 2007 Chancellor: William Peel, 3rd Earl Peel, as Lord Chamberlain, since 2006 Secretary: Sir Alan Reid, as Keeper of the Privy Purse, since 2002 Registrar: Lieutenant Colonel Michael Vernon, as Secretary of the Central Chancery of the Orders of Knighthood Chaplain: Peter Galloway, as Chaplain of the Queen's Chapel of the Savoy, since 2008 Upon admission into the Royal Victorian Order, members are given various insignia of the organisation, each grade being represented by different emblems and robes.
Common for all members is the badge, a Maltese cross with a central medallion depicting on a red background the Royal Cypher of Queen Victoria surrounded by a blue ring bearing the motto of the order—VICTORIA—and surmounted by a Tudor crown. However, there are variations on the badge for each grade of the order: Knights and Dames Grand Cross wear the badge on a sash passing from the right shoulder to the left hip.
Order of the White Lion
The Order of the White Lion is the highest order of the Czech Republic. It continues a Czechoslovak order of the same name created in 1922 as an award for foreigners.. It was inspired by the Czech Nobility Cross created in 1814 by the Emperor and King Francis I and awarded to 37 Bohemian noblemen; the order was created as an award for merit by Czechoslovakia for foreign citizens. The Order was established in five classes and two divisions and military. Medals were made of silver; the numbers of recipients was limited, with the limits changing during years. The Statutes of the order were amended in 1924, 1930, 1936; the badge of the Order was a five-sided red enameled star, the ends adorned with small balls, with leaflets between the arms. In middle of the star is a silver lion, taken from the national coat of arms; the reverse or the Star is red enameled, with the coat of arms of the former parts of Czechoslovakia. I Class with collar – reserved for heads of state, introduced in 1924. Collar can be awarded separately.
I Class – Grand cross – limited to 250 recipients II Class – Grand Officer – limited to 400 recipients III Class – Commander – limited to 900 recipients IV Class – Officer – limited to 1500 recipients, cross was smaller than the cross of the II/III class. V Class -- Knight -- limited to 3000 recipients, but in silver. Gold medal Silver medalSubsequent to World War II, the Order of the White Lion became an award to those who had helped liberate Czechoslovakia from occupation by Nazi Germany. Following the surrender of Germany in May 1945, a large number of foreign bestowals were made by presenting the Order of the White Lion to senior officers of the Allied militaries. A similar Order with the same name, Military Order of the White Lion was instituted in 1945 and could be conferred upon both Czechoslovak citizens and foreigners. Dwight D. Eisenhower and George S. Patton are two Americans who received the Military Order of the White Lion after the close of World War II; the Order was remodeled after the change of the official name of Czechoslovakia and its national arms.
A new regulation was issued for the order, was divided into three classes. The Collar was reserved only for foreign heads of state. I Class – consisted of the badge and sash star II Class – neck badge and star worn on the right breast III Class – neck badgeThe Order of the White Lion continued to exist in this form until the dissolution of Czechoslovakia. In 1994, the order was re-established as the highest decoration of the Czech Republic, it is issued in five classes, with the fifth and fourth classes presented as crosses, the third class awarded as an order, worn around the neck, the second class as an order, worn around the neck with chest star, the first class as a grand cross. The supreme grade of the Order of the White Lion, the first class accompanied by a gold neck chain may only be awarded to Heads of State. By law, the President is entitled to the first class insignia including the chain. On 19 May 2014, it was announced that Nicholas George Winton was to receive the Czech Republic's highest honour, for giving Czech children "the greatest possible gift: the chance to live and to be free".
On 28 October 2014, Winton was awarded the Order of the White Lion by Czech President Miloš Zeman, the Czech Defence Ministry having sent a special aircraft to bring him to Prague. The award was made alongside one to Sir Winston Churchill, accepted by his grandson Nicholas Soames. Zeman said he regretted the highest Czech award having been awarded to the two personalities so belatedly, but added "better late than never". Winton was able to meet some of the people he rescued 75 years earlier, themselves in their 80s, he said, "I want to thank you all for this enormous expression of thanks for something which happened to me nearly 100 years ago—and a 100 years is a heck of a long time. I am delighted that so many of the children are still about and are here to thank me." Nicholas Winton Recipients of the Order of the White Lion Orders and Medals of Czechoslovakia including Order of the White Lion State decorations of the Czech Republic
George Treby (politician)
George II Treby of Plympton House, Plympton St Maurice, was an English Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons for 34 years from 1708 to 1742. He was Secretary at War from 1718 to 1724, Master of the Household from 1730 to 1741, he built Plympton House in c. 1715–20, commenced by his father but unfinished at the latter's death in 1700. Treby was baptised on 29 October 1685, the eldest son of Sir George Treby, Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, by his third wife Dorothy Grainge. In 1692, he was admitted at Middle Temple, his father died in 1700 and he succeeded to his estates at Plympton. He matriculated at Exeter College, Oxford on 3 April 1701, aged 16. Treby was returned unopposed as Member of Parliament for the family's Rotten Borough of Plympton Erle at the 1708 general election, when he was in his early twenties, he was returned unopposed again at the general elections of 1710, 1713, 1715 and 1722. At the 1727 general election, he became MP for Dartmouth. Treby held a number of posts, including Secretary at War from 1718 to 1724, Master of the Household from 1730 to 1740.
In about 1715–20 he completed building Plympton House, the grand new country residence commenced by his father. Treby married Charity Hele at Westminster, she was the daughter and co-heiress of Roger Hele of Holwell, in the parish of Newton Ferrers, Devon. Her sister was wife of Peregrine Osborne, 3rd Duke of Leeds. By Charity he had 2 sons and 2 daughters: George III Treby, eldest son and heir, MP for Plympton Erle 1747–1761, died unmarried. Lt. Col. George Hele Treby, 2nd son, MP for Plympton Erle 1761–1763, died unmarried. Ann Treby, who married Benjamin Hays in 1756, she was the heiress of Delamore in the parish of Cornwood, which estate had been purchased by her father. She had a son and heir: Treby Hele Hays Charity Treby, wife of Paul Ourry, MP for Plympton Erle 1763–1775 and from 1775 Commissioner of Plymouth Dockyard. Paul Ourry was the second son of Louis Ourry, a Huguenot refugee from Blois in France who had obtained British citizenship in 1713 and a commission in the British army. A portrait of Paul Ourry by Sir Joshua Reynolds, his contemporary and a native of Plympton and friend of the Parker family of Saltram, exists in the collection of Saltram House, Plympton.
The following story is related of an ancestress of the Ourry family: Towards the end of the 18th century, Carry Ourry, a great Cornish beauty, an ancestress of the Trebys of Plympton and Goodamoor, had walked into the Assize Court at Bodmin, when Jekyll, catching sight of her, wrote the following lines and handed them up to the judge:"My lord, gemmen of the jury, I come to prosecute before ye, A noted felon I'll assure ye, Known by the name of Carry Ourry, Known by a guilty pair of eyes, Known by a thousand felonies, Known to push her crime still further, Guilty of killing, murder, But to be brief and cut it shorter, I'll but indict her for manslaughter."Charity had a son:Paul Treby Ourry, of Goodamoor House, Plympton St Mary, Devon, MP for Plympton Erle in 1784. He inherited the estate of Plympton House, in accordance with the terms of the bequest, in 1785 by royal licence assumed the surname of Treby, he was a well-known fox-hunter, "One of the best friends to fox-hunting the Dartmoor country knew", a friend of the famous "Hunting Parson" Jack Russell and was "a classic scholar, a rare specimen of a high-minded English gentleman".
He invented a plan for artificial fox earths, which would be used to breed a ready supply of captive foxes which could be released when a shortage of wild foxes precluded the enjoyment of his favourite pastime. He sold the estate of Wimpstone in Modbury, Devon, to Mr Pretty John, who built a new mansion house there. Following his death in 1832 Plympton House was sold to Copleston Lopes Radcliffe. In 1832 ended the family's source of political power from its association with "The old borough of Plympton, the stronghold of the Treby family, till the brush of the Reform Bill swept away its charter", he married Laetitia Trelawny, daughter of Sir William Trelawny, 6th Baronet, MP, by whom he had 4 sons and 4 daughters including: Paul Ourry Treby, eldest son, of Goodamoor House Henry Hele Treby, heir to his brother Caroline Treby, who married Thomas John Phillips, whose son was Major General Paul Winsloe Phillips, Royal Regiment of Artillery, of Goodamoor House, who assumed the surname Treby in 1877 following his inheritance of the Treby estates.
In 1873 Miss Blanche Treby of Goodamoor House in the parish of Plympton St Mary was one of the major landowners in that parish and was lord of the manor of Plympton St Maurice, in, situated Plympton House
Order of St Michael and St George
The Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George is a British order of chivalry founded on 28 April 1818 by George, Prince Regent King George IV, while he was acting as regent for his father, King George III. It is named in honour of St Michael and St George; the Order of St Michael and St George was awarded to those holding commands or high position in the Mediterranean territories acquired in the Napoleonic Wars, was subsequently extended to holders of similar office or position in other territories of the British Empire. It is at present awarded to men and women who hold high office or who render extraordinary or important non-military service in a foreign country, can be conferred for important or loyal service in relation to foreign and Commonwealth affairs; the Order includes three classes, in descending order of seniority and rank: Knight Grand Cross or Dame Grand Cross Knight Commander or Dame Commander Companion It is used to honour individuals who have rendered important services in relation to Commonwealth or foreign nations.
People are appointed to the Order rather than awarded it. British Ambassadors to foreign nations are appointed as KCMGs or CMGs. For example, the former British Ambassador to the United States, Sir David Manning, was appointed a CMG when he worked for the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office, after his appointment as British Ambassador to the US, he was promoted to a Knight Commander, it is the traditional award for members of the FCO. The Order's motto is Auspicium melioris ævi, its patron saints, as the name suggests, are St. Michael the Archangel, St. George, patron saint of England. One of its primary symbols is that of St Michael subduing Satan in battle; the Order is the sixth-most senior in the British honours system, after The Most Noble Order of the Garter, The Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle, The Most Illustrious Order of St Patrick, The Most Honourable Order of the Bath, The Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. The third of the aforementioned Orders—which relates to Ireland, no longer a part of the United Kingdom—still exists but is in disuse.
The last of the Orders on the list, related to India, has been in disuse since that country's independence in 1947. The Prince Regent founded the Order to commemorate the British amical protectorate over the Ionian Islands, which had come under British control in 1814 and had been granted their own constitution as the United States of the Ionian Islands in 1817, it was intended to reward "natives of the Ionian Islands and of the island of Malta and its dependencies, for such other subjects of His Majesty as may hold high and confidential situations in the Mediterranean". In 1864, the protectorate ended and the Ionian Islands became part of Greece. A revision of the basis of the Order in 1868, saw membership granted to those who "hold high and confidential offices within Her Majesty's colonial possessions, in reward for services rendered to the Crown in relation to the foreign affairs of the Empire". Accordingly, numerous Governors-General and Governors feature as recipients of awards in the order.
In 1965 the order was opened to women, with Evelyn Bark becoming the first female CMG in 1967. The British Sovereign appoints all other members of the Order; the next-most senior member is the Grand Master. The office was filled by the Lord High Commissioner of the Ionian Islands. Grand Masters include: 1818–1825: Sir Thomas Maitland 1825–1850: Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge 1850–1904: Prince George, Duke of Cambridge 1904–1910: George, Prince of Wales 1910–1917: None 1917–1936: Edward, Prince of Wales 1936–1957: Alexander Cambridge, 1st Earl of Athlone 1957–1959: Edward Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax 1959–1967: Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis 1967–present: Prince Edward, Duke of KentThe Order included 15 Knights Grand Cross, 20 Knights Commanders, 25 Companions but has since been expanded and the current limits on membership are 125, 375, 1,750 respectively. Members of the Royal Family who are appointed to the Order do not count towards the limit, nor do foreign members appointed as "honorary members".
The Order has six officers. The Order's King of Arms is not a member of the College of Arms, like many other heraldic officers; the Usher of the Order is known as the Lady Usher of the Blue Rod. Blue Rod does not, unlike the usher of the Order of the Garter, perform any duties related to the House of Lords. Prelate – The Rt. Rev. David Urquhart Chancellor – Rt Hon. Lord Robertson of Port Ellen Secretary – Sir Simon McDonald Registrar – Sir David Manning King of Arms – Sir Jeremy Greenstock Lady Usher of the Blue Rod – Dame DeAnne Julius Members of the Order wear elaborate regalia on important occasions, which vary by rank: The mantle, worn only by Knights and Dames Grand Cross, is made of Saxon blue satin lined with crimson silk. On the left side is a representation of the star; the mantle is bound with two large tassels. The collar, worn only by Knights and Dames Grand Cross, is made of gold, it consists of depictions of crowned lions, Maltese Crosses, the cyphers "SM" and "SG", all alternately.
In the centre are two winged lions, each holding a book and seven arrows. At less important occasions, simpler insignia are used: The star is an insignia used only by Knights and Dames Grand Cross and Knights and Dames Commanders, it is worn pinned to the left breast. The Knight and