Facebook is an American for-profit corporation and an online social media and social networking service based in Menlo Park, California. Facebook gradually added support for students at other universities. Since 2006, anyone age 13 and older has been allowed to become a user of Facebook, though variations exist in the minimum age requirement. The Facebook name comes from the face book directories often given to United States university students, Facebook may be accessed by a large range of desktops, tablet computers, and smartphones over the Internet and mobile networks. After registering to use the site, users can create a user profile indicating their name, schools attended and so on. Additionally, users may join common-interest user groups organized by workplace, hobbies or other topics, in groups, editors can pin posts to top. Additionally, users can complain about or block unpleasant people, because of the large volume of data that users submit to the service, Facebook has come under scrutiny for its privacy policies.
Facebook makes most of its revenue from advertisements which appear onscreen, Inc. held its initial public offering in February 2012, and began selling stock to the public three months later, reaching an original peak market capitalization of $104 billion. On July 13,2015, Facebook became the fastest company in the Standard & Poors 500 Index to reach a market cap of $250 billion, Facebook has more than 1.86 billion monthly active users as of December 31,2016. As of April 2016, Facebook was the most popular social networking site in the world, Facebook classifies users from the ages of 13 to 18 as minors and therefore sets their profiles to share content with friends only. Zuckerberg wrote a program called Facemash on October 28,2003 while attending Harvard University as a sophomore, to accomplish this, Zuckerberg hacked into protected areas of Harvards computer network and copied private dormitory ID images. Facemash attracted 450 visitors and 22,000 photo-views in its first four hours online, the site was quickly forwarded to several campus group list-servers, but was shut down a few days by the Harvard administration.
Zuckerberg faced expulsion and was charged by the administration with breach of security, violating copyrights, Zuckerberg expanded on this initial project that semester by creating a social study tool ahead of an art history final exam. He uploaded 500 Augustan images to a website, each of which was featured with a corresponding comments section and he shared the site with his classmates, and people started sharing notes. The following semester, Zuckerberg began writing code for a new website in January 2004 and he said that he was inspired by an editorial about the Facemash incident in The Harvard Crimson. On February 4,2004, Zuckerberg launched Thefacebook, originally located at thefacebook. com. com and they claimed that he was instead using their ideas to build a competing product. The three complained to The Harvard Crimson and the newspaper began an investigation and they filed a lawsuit against Zuckerberg, subsequently settling in 2008 for 1.2 million shares. Membership was initially restricted to students of Harvard College, within the first month, eduardo Saverin, Dustin Moskovitz, Andrew McCollum, and Chris Hughes joined Zuckerberg to help promote the website
Viasat History is a pan Nordic and pan East European television channel showing factual programming on history and society. Viasat History does not produce any programmes of its own but acquires programming from American and European production houses, many programmes originate from BBC or PBS and are 3 to 10 years old before broadcast. The channel is now a 24-hour service in competition with the History Channel. Since 2012, Viasat History together with sisterchannels Viasat Explore and Viasat Nature are broadcast in HD together with the SD feed on the Viasat satellite platform
Spas (TV channel)
Spas is a federal channel in Russia which is associated with the Russian Orthodox Church. It started broadcasting in on July 28,2005, the main owner of the channel is the Moscow Patriarchate of the Russian Orthodox Church. The founders of the TV channel are Alexander Batanov and Ivan Demidov, education - spiritual and moral education and religious education of the Russian people, especially children and youth enabling them to gain knowledge of God and Orthodox culture. Catechesis - promoting Russian Orthodox Church in matters of catechesis, or in other words, program policy, 60% percent of the airtime is devoted as a public broadcasting channel with documentaries and educational and training programs. 40% of the airtime is devoted to Orthodox subjects, a significant amount of programs are produced in their own studio named Poliformatnoy, including Live Shows. This constitutes the basis of either the studios own production and spiritual orientation for the 18 + audience, as a result of the competition held in Roskomnadzor on September 25,2013, it has the right to broadcast as part of the second digital television multiplex in Russia.
On October 23,2013 at 15,00 Moscow time, Russian Television, the first digital broadcast Savior was published as a cultural and educational program for children and youth. The channel is part of the interactive IPTV Rostelecom, the channel broadcasts on multiple cable television operators in Russia and CIS. Broadcasting is carried by satellite Yamal 200 number 1 90°E, Broadcasting is performed with the platforms NTV Plus and Tricolor TV via satellite Eutelsat W4, 36°E
RT America is a TV channel based in Washington, D. C. and part of the RT network, a global multilingual television news network based in Moscow, Russia. RT is an organization funded by the Russian government. RT America has studios and bureaus in New York City, the channel is the home and the production base of RTs U. S. based programs. RT America focuses on covering news in the United States from an alternative perspective, programs are hosted by American journalists. Similarly, most guests are American activists, speakers and it maintains a separate schedule of programs each weekday from 4,00 p. m. to 12,00 a. m. Eastern Time, and like its counterpart in the UK, it simulcasts RT International at all other times, RT America is the channel for RT content delivery to United States cable and satellite providers. The channel is available in Canada on the Rogers network. In addition, the channel is available worldwide online through RTs primary website. She said that what Russia did is wrong, as she is against intervention by any nation into other countries affairs, Martin asserted that RT still supports her despite her differences of opinion with the Russian government.
This happened in Georgia, this is happening in Ukraine, glenn Greenwald claimed that American media elites love to mock Russian media, especially RT, as being a source of shameless pro-Putin propaganda, where free expression is strictly barred. Agreeing the network has a strong pro-Russian bias, he suggested that Martins action remarkably demonstrated what journalistic independence means, on March 5,2014, RT America anchor Liz Wahl resigned on air, claiming RT was a propaganda machine for Vladimir Putin. A recording of the event quickly went viral and made her famous for the following statement, I am proud to be an American and believe in disseminating the truth. And that is why, after this newscast, I am resigning, in a March 2014 Politico article, Wahl expanded on that statement, For about two and a half years. I’d looked the way as the network smeared America for the sake of making the Kremlin look better by comparison
My Planet (TV channel)
My Planet is a state-owned Russian television channel. It belongs to the All-Russia State Television and Radio Company, Russia’s main state television group and my Planet TV launched in 2009 as Russia’s first TV channel dedicated to travel and history. A national channel, My Planet TV has an audience in Ukraine, Kazakhstan. Moya Planeta TV programs are screened by Russia-2 and Russia-24 and my Planet TV available free by satellite across Europe. In 2011 My Planet announced the My Planet Travel Awards with the aim of celebrating the most popular destinations, voted for exclusively by the Russian public and by Russian travel industry professionals, the My Planet Travel Awards provide a snapshot of the growth of this dynamic market. With guests from Russia and around the world, the dinner will take place on 22 September 2011, official website Home - My Planet Travel Awards Channels official Facebook page
RT (TV network)
RT is a Russian international television network funded by the Russian government. It operates cable and satellite television channels directed to audiences outside of Russia, as well as providing Internet content in languages, including English, Spanish. RT America, and RT UK offer some locally based content for those countries, RT is a brand of TV-Novosti, an autonomous non-profit organization, founded by the Russian news agency, RIA Novosti, on 6 April 2005. RT has been described as a propaganda outlet for the Russian government. RT has accused of spreading disinformation by news reporters. The United Kingdom media regulator, has repeatedly found RT to have breached rules on impartiality, the creation of RT was a part of a larger public relations effort by the Russian Government in 2005 that was intended to improve the image of Russia abroad. RT was conceived by former media minister Mikhail Lesin, and Russian president Vladimir Putins press spokesperson Aleksei Gromov and it is registered as an autonomous nonprofit organization funded by the federal budget of Russia through the Federal Agency on Press and Mass Communications of the Russian Federation.
In 2005, RIA Novosti helped establish ANO TV-Novosti to serve as the parent organization for the planned channel, ANO TV-Novosti was registered on 6 April 2005. ANO TV-Novosti appointed Sergey Frolov as its CEO position, The channel was launched as Russia Today on 10 December 2005, at its launch, the channel employed 300 journalists, including approximately 70 from outside Russia. Russia Today appointed Margarita Simonyan as its editor-in-chief, who recruited foreign journalists as presenters, Simonyan stated that the channels intent was to have a professional format akin to the BBC and Euronews that would reflect Russias opinion of the world and present a more balanced picture of Russia. Simonyan, who was only 25 years old at the time of her hiring by the channel, was a former Kremlin pool reporter and had worked in journalism since she was 18. She told The New York Times that after the fall of the Soviet Union, many new young journalists were hired, in August 2007, Russia Today became the first television channel to report live from the North Pole.
An RT crew participated in the Arktika 2007 Russian polar expedition, on 31 December 2007, RTs broadcasts of New Years Eve celebrations in Moscow and Saint Petersburg were broadcast in the hours prior to the New Years Eve event at New York Citys Times Square. RT drew particular attention worldwide for its coverage of the 2008 South Ossetia war, RT named Georgia as the aggressor against the separatist governments of South Ossetia and Abkhazia, which were protected by Russian troops. RT saw this as the incident that showcased its newsgathering abilities to the world, Margarita Simonyan stated, we were the only ones among the English-language media who were giving the other side of the story – the South Ossetian side of the story. In 2009, Russia Today rebranded itself to simply the RT initials, in early 2010, RT unveiled a highly controversial advertising campaign called Question More, which was created for the channel by Britain-based McCann Erickson. The ad was banned in American airports, another showed a Western soldier merging into a Taliban fighter and asks, Is terror only inflicted by terrorists.
One of RTs 2010 billboard advertisements won the British Awards for National Newspaper Advertising Ad of the Month, RT is one of several international channels that have challenged the United States media, which previously dominated global news coverage
Euronews is a multilingual news media service, headquartered in Lyon, France. Created in 1993, it aims to cover news from a pan-European perspective. Euronews is majority owned by Naguib Sawiris, an Egyptian businessman, Sawiris owns 53% of the channel. The channels first broadcast was on 1 January 1993 from Lyon, an additional broadcast studio was set up in London in 1996.1 million from Alcatel-Alsthom. ITN supplies the content of the channel along with the remaining shareholders, Euronews SA is the operating company that produces the channel and holds the broadcasting licence. In the same year, the Portuguese audio track was added, the Russian audio track appeared in 2001. In 2003, ITN sold its stake in Euronews as part of its drive to streamline operations, on 6 February 2006, Ukrainian public broadcaster Natsionalna Telekompanya Ukraïny purchased a one-percent interest in SOCEMIE. On 27 May 2008, Spanish public broadcaster RTVE decided to leave Euronews to promote its international channel TVE Internacional and it cited legal requirements to maintain low debt levels through careful spending as a factor influencing its decision to leave.
In February 2009, the Turkish public broadcaster TRT became a shareholder in the channel, TRT purchased 15. 70% of the channels shares and became the fourth main partner after France Télévisions, RAI, and VGTRK. In February 2015, the executive board has approved the bid by an Egyptian telecom businessman, Naguib Sawiris. The deal raised a number of questions over Euronews future editorial posture, in November 2016, the channels executive board was in talks with NBC Universal, parent company of NBC News, for a strategic partnership. NBCU would acquire 15 to 30% ownership of the Euronews network, would contribute to Euronews content, nBCUniversal News Group purchased a 25% stake in Euronews in February 2017 for $30 million. NBC News president Deborah Turness was appointed to head up international operations, when integrated with NBC News, would be renamed Euronews NBC and headed up by Turness. The channel is available in 428 million households in 156 countries worldwide and it reaches more than 170 million European households by cable and terrestrial.
It began to secure availability on multimedia platforms such as IPTV, Euronews launched an application for mobile devices which is called Euronews Live. The application is free of charge and is available on Android Market, in 2012, the largest Belarusian state network MTIS stopped broadcasting Euronews for unknown reasons. In 2013, the new commercial channel Planet TV started broadcasting Euronews dubbed in Slovenian after Antenna TV SL purchased a stake in the company. Euronews airs after closedown of Planet TV, but both call sign logos are displayed, in September 2016, Euronews disappeared from the Freesat channel list in the UK, in a move made by Sawiris
Russia-24 is a state-owned Russian-language news channel from Russia. It covers major national and international events as well as focuses on domestic issues. The broadcast began January 1,2007 in Russia, February 7 - on the West Coast of the United States, May 19,2008 - in Serbia, VGTRK Crimea started broadcasting on March 10,2014. The editor-in-chief of the channel is Evgeny Bekasov, the channel aspires to give a broad and impartial outline of life in all of Russia’s regions from its European enclave of Kaliningrad to Vladivostok in the Far East. The channel was named Vesti until 1 January 2010, when the public-owned VGTRK rebranded its channels, the channel is banned in Ukraine and Moldova. Official website Russia-24s channel on YouTube