Buxton is a spa town in Derbyshire, in the East Midlands region of England. It has the highest elevation – about 1,000 feet above sea level – of any market town in England. Close to the county boundary with Cheshire to the west and Staffordshire to the south, Buxton is described as "the gateway to the Peak District National Park". A municipal borough until 1974, Buxton was merged with other localities lying to the north, including Glossop, to form the local government district and borough of High Peak within the county of Derbyshire. Despite being in the East Midlands, economically Buxton is within the sphere of influence of Greater Manchester; the population of the town was 22,115 at the 2011 Census. Buxton landmarks include Poole's Cavern, an extensive limestone cavern open to the public, St Ann's Well, fed by the geothermal spring bottled and sold internationally by Buxton Mineral Water Company. In the town is the Buxton Opera House, which hosts several music and theatre festivals each year.
The Devonshire Campus of the University of Derby is housed in one of the town's historic buildings. Buxton is twinned with Bad Nauheim in Germany; the Romans developed a settlement known as Aquae Arnemetiae. The discovery of coins indicates; the origins of the town's name are uncertain. It may be derived for Rocking Stone; the town grew in importance in the late 18th century when it was developed by the Dukes of Devonshire, with a resurgence a century as the Victorians were drawn to the reputed healing properties of the waters. Built on the River Wye, overlooked by Axe Edge Moor, Buxton has a history as a spa town due to its geothermal spring which rises at a constant temperature of 28 °C; the spring waters are piped to St Ann's Well opposite the Crescent near the town centre. The Dukes of Devonshire have been involved with Buxton since 1780, when the 5th Duke used the profits from his copper mines to develop the town as a spa in the style of Bath, their ancestor Bess of Hardwick had taken one of her four husbands, the Earl of Shrewsbury, to "take the waters" at Buxton shortly after he became the gaoler of Mary, Queen of Scots, in 1569, they took Mary there in 1573.
She called Buxton "La Fontagne de Bogsby", stayed at the site of the Old Hall Hotel. The area features in the poetry of W. H. Auden and the novels of Jane Austen and Emily Brontë. Instrumental in the popularity of Buxton was the recommendation by Erasmus Darwin of the waters at Buxton and Matlock to Josiah Wedgwood I; the Wedgwood family went to Buxton on holiday and recommended the area to their friends. Two of Charles Darwin's half-cousins, Edward Levett Darwin and Reginald Darwin, settled there; the arrival of the railway in 1863 stimulated the town's growth: the population of 1,800 in 1861 had grown to over 6,000 by 1881. Although outside the National Park boundary, Buxton is geologically in the Peak District and built between the Lower Carboniferous limestone of the White Peak and the Upper Carboniferous shale and gritstone of the Dark Peak; the early settlement was of limestone construction while the present buildings, of locally quarried sandstone date from the late 18th century. At the southern edge of the town the River Wye has carved an extensive limestone cavern, known as Poole's Cavern.
More than 330 yards of its chambers are open to the public. The cavern contains Derbyshire's largest stalactite and there are unique'poached egg' stalagmites. A notorious local highwayman called. At about 1,000 feet above sea level, Buxton is the highest market town in England. Due to this high elevation, Buxton tends to be cooler and much wetter than surrounding towns, with daytime temperature around 2 °C lower than Manchester. A Met Office weather station has collected climate data for the town since 1867, with digitised data from 1959 available online. In June 1975, the town was hit by a freak snowstorm. In the 2011 census, Buxton was 0.6 % Asian, 0.2 % Black, 0.8 % Mixed/multiple. With the increasing popularity of Buxton's thermal waters in the 18th and 19th centuries, a number of buildings were commissioned to provide for the hospitality of tourists retreating to the town; the Old Hall Hotel is one of the oldest buildings in Buxton. It was owned by 6th Earl of Shrewsbury, he and his wife, Bess of Hardwick, were the "gaolers" of Queen of Scots.
She came to Buxton several times to take the waters, the last time in 1584. The present building has a five-bay front with a Tuscan doorway; the Crescent was built between 1780 and 1784, modelled on Bath's Royal Crescent by John Carr along with the neighbouring irregular octagon and colonnade of the Great Stables. The Crescent features a grand assembly room with a fine painted ceiling. Nearby stands the elegant and imposing monument to Samuel Turner, treasurer of the Devonshire Hospital and Buxton Bath Charity, built in 1879 and accidentally lost for the latter part of the 20th century during construction work before being found and restored in 1994; the Crescent has been unoccupied for many years, but plans were in place in 2012 for it to be converted into a hotel. The neighbouring Great Stables were completed in 1789, but in 1859 were converted to a charity hospital for the'sick poor' by Henry Currey, architect to William Cavendish, 7th Duke of Devonshire and of St Thomas' Hospital in London.
It became known as the Devonshire Roya
Gerber Products Company
Gerber Products Company is a purveyor of baby food and baby products headquartered in Florham Park, New Jersey, with plans to relocate to Arlington, Virginia. A American-owned company, Gerber is now a subsidiary of Nestlé Group, its subsidiary, Gerber Life Insurance Company, is headquartered in New York. Gerber was founded in 1927 in Fremont, Michigan, by Daniel Frank Gerber, owner of the Fremont Canning Company, which produced canned fruit and vegetables. At the suggestion of a pediatrician, Gerber's wife, began making hand-strained food for their seven-month-old daughter, Sally. Recognising a business opportunity, Gerber began making baby food. By 1928 he had developed five products for the market: beef vegetable soup and strained peas, prunes and spinach. Six months Gerber's baby foods were distributed nationwide; some believe. One day after a visit to her infant daughter's pediatrician she toiled in the kitchen straining fruits and vegetables for her child. After much hard work she suggested to her husband Daniel, whose family owned the Fremont Canning Company, to create this food in an industrial setting, lightening the load of mothers everywhere.
A different interpretation of the story is that he was frustrated and upset having come home to find his wife looking strained and miserable in the kitchen. Not wanting to "exchange" his beautiful wife for this kitchen-bound monstrosity, he invented the Gerber baby food product line. In 1994 Gerber merged with Sandoz Laboratories. Two years Sandoz merged with CIBA-Geigy to form Novartis, one of the largest pharmaceutical companies in the world. In 2007 Gerber was sold to Nestlé for $5.5 billion. The brand became a major company in the baby food industry offering more than 190 products in 80 countries, with labeling in 16 languages, its primary competitors are Del Monte Foods. As of 2017, Gerber controls 61 percent of the baby food market in the United States. In 1960 Gerber started selling its baby food in glass jars, which found new life as household storage in home workshops. Soon after, other items such as pacifiers, baby bottles, small baby toys were introduced. In 2003 Gerber replaced the glass jars with plastic tubs for vegetables and some fruits.
Other fruits and meats are still sold in jars. In 1967 executives at Gerber Products decided to offer a line of life insurance products aimed at young families. Today, the Gerber Life Insurance Company is one of the largest purveyors of direct-marketed life insurance in the United States. Gerber Life has more than two million life insurance policies in force, with more than $650 million in assets; the company's term and whole life insurance products for adults and children are available in the United States, Puerto Rico, most of Canada. Gerber Life has an "A" rating with independent rating entity AM Best, the third-highest rating out of thirteen categories. Early in the 1990s, Gerber tried to enter into the sugar-free food market with a Sugar Free Vanilla Custard flavor, favorable to diabetic babies; the product did not see as much demand as expected, so it was dropped after a few years. Gerber began to produce juices, which are still being sold as of March 2009. In 1999 Gerber established skincare products for babies.
Other Gerber products produced include breastfeeding supplies, such as the Premium Feeding System Manual Massaging Pump, as well as baby bottles and nipples. They market a line of health care products, including Tooth and Gum Cleanser and Vitamin Drops. Gerber has a long history of projecting a family-friendly image; when Gerber Products established a consumer relations department in 1938 ten-year-old Sally Gerber began answering each customer's letter individually, a practice she would continue for many years after she became a senior vice president of the company. In 1986 the company set up the Gerber Parents' Resource Center, a toll-free customer relations hotline, providing information on baby food and parenting issues since. According to Gerber, Ann Turner Cook is the famous Gerber baby whose portrait is featured prominently on all Gerber product packaging. Cook is now a retired mystery writer, she was depicted in a charcoal sketch by Dorothy Hope Smith. Smith entered the sketch for the company's logo contest.
A huge draw to the image of the Gerber baby is due to the fact that this baby is alone, not in the presence of adults, innocently peering straight into the eyes of the consumer. This innocent outward gaze was a marketing, if not psychological, technique to suck in female "mother-consumers"; this forced many mothers to seek the happiness of their own child via the eyes of the iconic Gerber baby. Thus the notion that if their babies were fed Gerber, they would be as content, "cute" as the Gerber baby. In September 2008, Gerber's Fremont facilities were designated as a Michigan Agricultural Renaissance Zone, receiving $43 million in tax breaks over 15 years. In order to receive the incentives, Gerber agreed to continue its employment in Fremont at 1,100 jobs and invest $50 million in its Fremont facilities over the course of the next ten years. However, to get the full 15 years of tax breaks, Gerber agreed to increase employment by 200 and spend a total of $75 million on its facilities; the tax breaks have been supported, despite large revenue losses by local governments: $300,000 in losses per year for the City of Fremont and $160,000 a year for Newaygo County.
It is estimated local governments would give up $15 million in revenue over the 15 years as part of the tax
Poland Spring is a brand of bottled water, is produced in Poland, named after the original natural spring in the town of Alfred, Maine it was drawn from. Today it sold in the United States; the spring was first exploited commercially in 1845 by owner of a nearby inn. Contemporary demand is so great the brand’s water is derived from multiple sources in the state of Maine including Poland Spring and Garden Spring in Poland, Clear Spring in Hollis, Evergreen Spring in Fryeburg, Spruce Spring in Pierce Pond Township, White Cedar Spring in Dallas Plantation, Bradbury Spring in Kingfield. Poland Spring was the top-selling spring water brand in America in 2006. In 2007, the Poland Spring brand adopted a bottle using 30% less plastic, as did the other Nestlé Waters North America brands; the spring has its origins in the late 18th century. In 1797, The Wentworth Ricker Inn opened at the homestead of Jabez Ricker. In 1844, Jabez's grandson, Hiram Ricker claimed that spring water from the property cured him of chronic dyspepsia.
In 1861, the inn was renamed The Mansion House. The inn had grown to a resort, his discussions with guests led them to praise the drinking water. In this period, it was quite fashionable to "take the waters" for all illnesses, causing an uptick in business; the Rickers soon began bottling the water. Expanded again into an extravagant resort that locals dubbed "Ricker's Folly", the inn was renamed the Poland Spring House and opened On July 4, 1876; the inn remained a significant resort into the early 20th century, but the Ricker family lost control of the company during the 1930s. A resort still operates on the site. Poland Springs operated independently since its inception until it was purchased by the Perrier Water Company in 1980. In 1992 Nestle acquired Poland Springs. In 1891 Maine's Bureau of Industrial and Labor Statistics listed 81 existing mineral springs. Twenty-three were used for commercial bottling, with total sales of $400,000. Today Poland Spring sells the majority of its water in portable 8, 12, 20 oz bottles.
Smaller 3 L, 1 gallon and 2.5 gallon bottles are available for sale in most supermarkets, for home delivery in the Northeastern United States. Other varieties of Poland Spring include sparkling, lemon and distilled, they are the producers of the Aquapod line of products. All Poland Spring products are sold for both safety and economic reasons. Today, no portable Poland Spring bottles are made from the number "7" polycarbonate plastic that contains Bisphenol-A; the large 5-gallon bottles are made of number "1" plastic and are BPA-free, while the 3-gallon bottles are made of number "7" plastic and may contain trace levels of BPA. Bottles made of PETE, which do not contain BPA, started to appear in 2013, they can be recognized by the different handle design. In the summer of 2005, Poland Spring changed the color of its 1-gallon bottle cap from dark green to clear; the reason for the color change was to remove the dye from the cap, more suitable for the recycling stream. Poland Spring changed to a lighter bottle called the Eco-Shape which uses 30 percent less plastic.
The new style made its debút in November 2007. Several towns in Maine have objected to the business practices of Poland Spring and its parent company Nestlé. In some towns, such as Fryeburg, Poland Spring buys the water from another company, the Fryeburg Water Co. and ships it to the Poland Spring bottling plant in Poland Spring. However, Fryeburg Water Co. sells water to the town of Fryeburg. The town of Fryeburg began to question the amount of water. In 2004, the town's water stopped temporarily because of a pump failure, but Poland Spring's operations were able to continue; the group H2O for ME wants to create a tax on water drawn for commercial purposes. However, Poland Spring said. State legislator Jim Wilfong proposed a 20 cent per gallon tax be allowed to be voted on in a referendum, but the measure was defeated, he believed that laws should be rearranged to place limits on the amount of groundwater landowners can pump out of their land. The town of Sterling, Massachusetts, is attempting to prevent Poland Spring from pumping spring water from conservation restricted town land.
Nestlé Waters North America has responded to an RFP issued by the Town of Clinton to purchase the Town of Clinton's Wekepeke aquifer water rights located in Sterling. In June 2003, Poland Spring was sued for false advertising in a class action lawsuit charging that their water that comes from springs, is in fact treated common ground water; the suit states, hydro-geologists hired by Nestlé found that another current source for Poland Spring water near the original site stands over a former trash and refuse dump, below an illegal disposal site where human sewage was sprayed as fertilizer for many years. The suit was settled in September 2003, with the company not admitting to the allegations, but agreeing to pay $10 million in charity donations and discounts over the next 5 years. Nestlé continues to sell the same Maine water under the Poland Spring name. In August 2017, a class-action lawsuit was filed in Connecticut alleging that “Not one drop of Poland Spring Water emanates from a water sourc
The terms special edition, limited edition, variants such as deluxe edition, or collector's edition, are used as a marketing incentive for various kinds of products published products related to the arts, such as books, video games or recorded music and films, but now including clothing, fine wine, whisky, among other products. A limited edition is restricted in the number of copies produced, although in fact the number may be low or high. Suzuki defines limited edition products as those “sold in a state that makes them difficult to obtain because of companies limiting their availability to a certain period, region, or channel". A special edition implies; the term is used on DVD film releases when the so-called "special" edition is the only version released. Collector's edition may just be another term for special edition and limited edition products that include additional features or items that regular versions do not have. Speaking about books, collector's edition products may refer to books in special limited and numbered editions, sometimes hand-bound, signed by the artist and containing one or more original works or prints produced directly from their work and printed under their supervision.
Whatever these extra features or items are, they must represent additional value to collectors of these products. Popular culture employs Special, Deluxe and Limited Edition in marketing, releasing subsequent, improved versions of film DVDs, video games. Companies use special editions and incremental improvements to sell the same products to consumers multiple times; this has been seen in the 10th Anniversary edition of Titanic, which consists of the first two discs of the previous Special Collector's edition, only with new packaging, on CD with the 30 Year Anniversary Edition of Bob Marley's Exodus, which has the same content as the original album, but in new packaging. In many cases, successful film releases have had items made in limited numbers; these "limited editions" contain the best DVD edition possible of a film with special items in a box set, sometimes containing items available only in the limited edition. Items marked thus are released for a shorter time and in lower quantity than common editions with a running number printed on the products to boost the rarity feel, as the company implies not to manufacture more.
It is common to have such items packaged with unique designs. With the success of DVDs, special editions of films themselves have become common. Sharing similarities with the concept of a director's cut; these feature additional in-movie material. The material may be footage deleted from the final cut, or new digitally-created, interpolated content. Unlike true director's cuts, the directors may not have had part in such projects, such as in Superman II: The Richard Donner Cut, in which Richard Donner did not help create the new version, just supply the material; the Doctor Who television movie The Five Doctors was edited, amongst various other changes, to make the "Special Edition" in 1999 for the first DVD release of the episode. Limited edition prints known as LEs, have been standard in printmaking from the nineteenth century onwards. A limit to the print run is crucial, as many traditional printmaking techniques can only produce a limited number of best quality impressions; this can be as few as ten or twenty for a technique like drypoint, but more would be in the low hundreds - print runs of over a thousand are regarded as dubious by the serious art market for original prints though with many techniques there is no loss of quality.
Edition sizes higher than about 500 are to be of print reproductions of paintings, of much less value, though some modern techniques blur this traditional distinction. As in other fields, the use of the concept has become driven by marketing imperatives, has been misused in parts of the market. In particular, photogravure and giclee reproductions of prints, derived from photographs of an original print, which are most unlikely to have any investment value, are issued in limited editions implying that they will have such value; these need to be distinguished from the original artist's print produced directly from his work, printed under the artist's supervision. In UK and New Zealand the Fine Art Trade Guild ensures the quality and verification of limited edition prints by employing a number of administered regulations for all processes and aspects related to them. In the United States limited editions are regulated under state consumer protections laws. California became the first state to regulate the sale of limited edition art prints with the "California Print Law" of 1971.
The state of Illinois expanded on the California statute. However, it was not until 1986 that more comprehensive provisions, still in place today, were enacted with the passage of the "Georgia Print Law"; that law became the template for statutes subsequently enacted by other states.. The Georgia Print Law written by State Representative Chesley V. Morton, became effective July 1, 1986; the law requires art dealers, artists, or auctioneers to supply information to perspective purchasers about the nature of the print, the number of prints and editions produced, the involvement of the artist in the creation of the print. The penalty for violation of the law ranges from simple reimbursement to treble damages, in the case of
Nestlé S. A. is a Swiss transnational food and drink company headquartered in Vevey, Switzerland. It is the largest food company in the world, measured by revenues and other metrics, since 2014, it ranked No. 64 on the Fortune Global 500 in 2017 and No. 33 on the 2016 edition of the Forbes Global 2000 list of largest public companies. Nestlé's products include baby food, medical food, bottled water, breakfast cereals and tea, dairy products, ice cream, frozen food, pet foods, snacks. Twenty-nine of Nestlé's brands have annual sales of over CHF1 billion, including Nespresso, Nescafé, Kit Kat, Nesquik, Stouffer's, Maggi. Nestlé has 447 factories, operates in 189 countries, employs around 339,000 people, it is one of the main shareholders of the world's largest cosmetics company. Nestlé was formed in 1905 by the merger of the Anglo-Swiss Milk Company, established in 1866 by brothers George and Charles Page, Farine Lactée Henri Nestlé, founded in 1866 by Henri Nestlé; the company grew during the First World War and again following the Second World War, expanding its offerings beyond its early condensed milk and infant formula products.
The company has made a number of corporate acquisitions, including Crosse & Blackwell in 1950, Findus in 1963, Libby's in 1971, Rowntree Mackintosh in 1988, Klim in 1998, Gerber in 2007. Nestlé has a primary listing on the SIX Swiss Exchange and is a constituent of the Swiss Market Index, it has a secondary listing on Euronext. Nestlé's origins date back to the 1860s, when two separate Swiss enterprises were founded that would form the core of Nestlé. In the succeeding decades, the two competing enterprises aggressively expanded their businesses throughout Europe and the United States. In 1866, Charles Page and George Page, brothers from Lee County, Illinois, USA, established the Anglo-Swiss Condensed Milk Company in Cham, Switzerland, their first British operation was opened at Chippenham, Wiltshire, in 1873. In 1867, in Vevey, Henri Nestlé soon began marketing it; the following year saw Daniel Peter begin seven years of work perfecting his invention, the milk chocolate manufacturing process.
Nestlé was the crucial co-operation that Peter needed to solve the problem of removing all the water from the milk added to his chocolate and thus preventing the product from developing mildew. Henri Nestlé retired in 1875 but the company, under new ownership, retained his name as Société Farine Lactée Henri Nestlé. In 1877, Anglo-Swiss added milk-based baby foods to their products. In 1879, Nestlé merged with milk chocolate inventor Daniel Peter. In 1904, François-Louis Cailler, Charles Amédée Kohler, Daniel Peter, Henri Nestlé participated in the creation and development of Swiss chocolate, marketing the first chocolate – milk Nestlé. In 1905, the companies merged to become the Nestlé and Anglo-Swiss Condensed Milk Company, retaining that name until 1947 when the name'Nestlé Alimentana SA' was taken as a result of the acquisition of Fabrique de Produits Maggi SA and its holding company, Alimentana SA, of Kempttal, Switzerland. Maggi was a major manufacturer of related foodstuffs; the company's current name was adopted in 1977.
By the early 1900s, the company was operating factories in the United States, the United Kingdom and Spain. The First World War created demand for dairy products in the form of government contracts, and, by the end of the war, Nestlé's production had more than doubled. In January 1919, Nestlé bought two condensed milk plants in Oregon from the company Geibisch and Joplin for $250,000. One was in Bandon, they expanded them processing 250,000 pounds of condensed milk daily in the Bandon plant. Nestlé felt the effects of the Second World War immediately. Profits dropped from US$20 million in 1938 to US$6 million in 1939. Factories were established in developing countries in Latin America; the war helped with the introduction of the company's newest product, Nescafé, which became a staple drink of the US military. Nestlé's production and sales rose in the wartime economy. After the war, government contracts dried up, consumers switched back to fresh milk. However, Nestlé's management responded streamlining operations and reducing debt.
The 1920s saw Nestlé's first expansion into new products, with chocolate-manufacture becoming the company's second most important activity. Louis Dapples was CEO till 1937 when succeeded by Édouard Muller till his death in 1948; the end of World War II was the beginning of a dynamic phase for Nestlé. Growth accelerated and numerous companies were acquired. In 1947 Nestlé merged with a manufacturer of seasonings and soups. Crosse & Blackwell followed in 1950, as did Findus, Libby's, Stouffer's. Diversification came with a shareholding in L'Oreal in 1974. In 1977, Nestlé made its second venture outside the food industry, by acquiring Alcon Laboratories Inc. In the 1980s, Nestlé's improved bottom line allowed the company to launch a new round of acquisitions. Carnation was acquired for $3 billion in 1984 and brought the evaporated milk brand, as well as Coffee-Mate and Friskies to Nestlé. In 1986 Nestlé Nespresso S. A. was founded. The confectionery company Rowntree Mackintosh was acquired in 1988 for $4.5 billion, which brought brands such as Kit Kat and Aero.
The first half of the 1990s proved to be favourable for Nestlé. Trade barriers crumbled, world markets developed into more or less integrat
Milo is a chocolate and malt powder, mixed with hot water and milk to produce a beverage popular in Oceania, South America, South-east Asia and certain parts of Africa. Produced by Nestlé, Milo was developed by Australian inventor Thomas Mayne in 1934, it is sold in many countries. Most sold as a powder in a green tin depicting various sporting activities, Milo is available as a premixed beverage in some countries, has been subsequently developed into a snack bar and breakfast cereal, its composition and taste differ in some countries. Milo maintains significant popularity in a diverse range of territories, including Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia, Colombia, Sri Lanka and Central and West Africa. Milo is manufactured by evaporating the water content from a thick syrup at reduced pressure; the thick opaque syrup is obtained from malted wheat or barley, sourced from companies that produce these raw products. In 2016, Nestle Philippines stated that it will begin to produce Milo using its "protomalt" formulation sometime in 2017.
The protomalt is composed of carbohydrates derived from cassava. In 1934, Australian industrial chemist and inventor Thomas Mayne developed Milo and launched it at the Sydney Royal Easter Show. Milo began production at the plant located in Smithtown, near Kempsey on the North Coast of New South Wales; the name was derived after his legendary strength. Milo is sometimes sprinkled on ice breakfast cereals. Milo is the favoured beverage for the Tim Tam Slam.. Milo manufactured outside Australia is customised for local methods of preparation. In Malaysia and Singapore as well as Brunei and some other parts of Asia, Milo with ice added is known as "Iced Milo" or "Milo Ais" in Malay Language.. Iced milo is available at fast food restaurants such as KFC and McDonald's. Milo is served locally in kopitiams and mamak stalls in versions such as "Milo Dinosaur", "Milo Godzilla""Neslo" and "Milo Mangkuk"; the Milo powder is usually used in the making of Batik cake. In Hong Kong, Milo is served in Cha chaan teng.
Milo is a famous beverage in Indian Muslim stalls, or fondly known as Mamak stalls in Malaysia. It is sometimes used as an alternative to jam and spread on bread or as an ingredient in Roti Canai, is called "Roti Milo". In Australia and most other countries, the packaging is green and depicts people playing various sports on the tin. A higher malt content form existed in Australia and was marketed in a brown coloured tin, only available in the 375g size; as of May 2015, this form is no longer manufactured. An organisation called MILO in2CRICKET, which operates in most areas by volunteers, teaches girls and boys the skills of the game. Milo's commercials and taglines are "Go and go and go with Milo". A recent Australian commercial incorporating this slogan depicts four generations of women on a skipping rope singing "and my mum gave me Milo to go and go and go." The tag "I need my Milo Today" is used. The packaging of tins of Milo in Malaysia and Singapore are green and have people playing sports on the tins, giving it the affectionate name of "Tak Kiu", Hokkien Chinese for football.
In Colombia, Milo is tied to football, the slogan several generations have sung is Milo te da energía, la meta la pones tú. Milo is popular in Indonesia and Singapore, where the brand name is synonymous with chocolate flavoured drinks: Milo has a 90% market share in Malaysia, Malaysians were said to be the world's largest consumers of Milo; this is because Milo was once used as a nutrient supplement when it was first introduced in the country, has thus gained a reputation as a'must have' drink for the old and the younger generations. Milo manufactured in Malaysia is made to dissolve well in hot water to produce a smooth hot chocolate drink, or with ice added for a cold drink. "Milo Vans" were associated with sports days in these two countries, during which primary school pupils would queue up to collect their cups of Milo drinks using coupons. In Peru, during the 1970s military dictatorship, Milo labels displayed Peruvian motifs, such as photos and pictures of Peruvian towns, crops, animals, plants, as an educational aid.
After 1980, when the military left power, sports predominated on the labels. Nestlé has now introduced a Canadian version of Milo, it dissolves like Nesquik due to market expectations, but still retains the malt flavour. It is sweeter than other varieties; this Milo as the brand has been in Eastern Canada since the late 1970s with the influx of people from previous British colonial territories such as the Caribbean and Hong Kong, India. It was available in most small ethnic grocery stores Caribbean food stores, it has been selling at larger chains to beef up their share in the ethnic market in Canada, is now available in places like Superstore, Extra Foods and London Drugs. Some East Asian supermarkets will carry the version imported from Hong Kong. Aside from the International section of specific grocery stores and certain Asian grocery stores, Nestlé does not market
Ice Mountain (water)
Ice Mountain is a brand of bottled water from the Nestlé company and marketed in the Midwest region of the United States. Ice Mountain sources their water from two groundwater wells at Sanctuary Spring in Mecosta County, Michigan and/or Evart Spring in Evart, Michigan; the water is drawn from underground springs using pump technology. Bottling is done at a plant in Michigan. Ice Mountain water comes in the following sizes: 100-US-gallon jug 90-US-gallon container 3-US-gallon container 10.5 liter bottle 2.5-US-gallon dispenser 3 liter stackable bottle 700 ml 20 US fluid ounces 500 ml 11-US-fluid-ounce Aquapod 9 US fluid ounces 8-US-fluid-ounce fluoridated plast In some areas and office delivery of bottled water may be available, as stated on the bottles. Ice Mountain has been part of the Great Lakes water use debate in which diversion of the basin's primary and secondary water for export has been controversial. In 2004, a Michigan court ordered pumping of Sanctuary springs to cease. After an appellate court overturned the cease and desist order, the company and local groups came to an agreement to pump only 218 US gallons per minute, comparable to other local beverage operations.
Nestlé has run into similar local opposition when trying to locate a new source location near the headwaters of the White River in the upper lower peninsula of Michigan. In 2017, Nestle applied for permits to increase production to 400 gallons per minute. Ice Mountain website