A midfielder is an association football position. Midfielders are positioned on the field between their team's defenders and forwards; some midfielders play a disciplined defensive role, breaking up attacks, are otherwise known as defensive midfielders. Others blur the boundaries, being more mobile and efficient in passing: they are referred to as deep-lying midfielders, play-makers, box-to-box, or holding midfielders; the number of midfielders on a team and their assigned roles depends on the team's formation. Most managers assign at least one midfielder to disrupt the opposing team's attacks, while others may be tasked with creating goals, or have equal responsibilities between attack and defence. Midfielders are the players who travel the greatest distance during a match; because midfielders arguably have the most possession during a game they are among the fittest players on the pitch. Central or centre midfielders are players whose role is divided equally between attack and defence and to dominate the play around the centre of the pitch.
These players will try to pass the ball to the team's attacking midfielders and forwards and may help their team's attacks by making runs into the opposition's penalty area and attempting shots on goal themselves. When the opposing team has the ball, a central midfielder may drop back to protect the goal or move forward and press the opposition ball-carrier to recover the ball. A centre midfielder defending their goal will move in front of their centre-backs in order to block long shots by the opposition and track opposition midfielders making runs towards the goal; the 4–3–3 and 4–5–1 formations each use three central midfielders. The 4−4−2 formation may use two central midfielders, in the 4–2–3–1 formation one of the two deeper midfielders may be a central midfielder; the term box-to-box midfielder refers to central midfielders who are hard-working and who have good all-round abilities, which makes them skilled at both defending and attacking. These players can therefore track back to their own box to make tackles and block shots and run to the opponents' box to try to score.
The change of trends and the deviation from the standard 4–4–2 formation to the 4–2–3–1 formation imposed restrictions on the typical box-to-box midfielders of the 80s, as teams' two midfield roles were now divided into "holders" or "creators". Notable examples of box-to-box midfielders are Bastian Schweinsteiger, Yaya Touré, Radja Nainggolan. Left and right midfielders have a role balanced between attack and defence, similar to that of central midfielders, but they are positioned closer to the touchlines of the pitch, they may be asked to cross the ball into the opponents' penalty area to make scoring chances for their teammates, when defending they may put pressure on opponents who are trying to cross. Common modern formations that include left and right midfielders are the 4−4−2, the 4−4−1−1, the 4–2–3–1 and the 4−5−1 formations. Jonathan Wilson describes the development of the 4−4−2 formation: "…the winger became a wide midfielder, a shuttler, somebody who might be expected to cross a ball but was meant to put in a defensive shift."
Notable examples of wide midfielders are Ryan Giggs. The historic position of wing-half was given to midfielders, it became obsolete as wide players with defensive duties have tended to become more a part of the defence as full-backs. Defensive midfielders are midfield players; these players may defend a zone in front of their team's defence, or man mark specific opposition attackers. Defensive midfielders may move to the full-back or centre-back positions if those players move forward to join in an attack. Sergio Busquets described his attitude: "The coach knows that I am an obedient player who likes to help out and if I have to run to the wing to cover someone's position, great." A good defensive midfielder needs good positional awareness, anticipation of opponent's play, tackling, interceptions and great stamina and strength. A holding or deep-lying midfielder stays close to their team's defence, while other midfielders may move forward to attack; the holding midfielder may have responsibilities when their team has the ball.
This player will make short and simple passes to more attacking members of their team but may try some more difficult passes depending on the team's strategy. Marcelo Bielsa is considered as a pioneer for the use of a holding midfielder in defence; this position may be seen in the 4 -- 2 -- 3 -- 4 -- 4 -- 2 diamond formations. A defensive midfielder, or "destroyer", a playmaker, or "creator", were fielded alongside each other as a team's two holding central midfielders; the destroyer was responsible for making tackles, regaining possession, distributing the ball to the creator, while the creator was responsible for retaining possession and keeping the ball moving with long passes out to the flanks, in the manner of a more old-fashioned deep-lying playmaker or "regista". Early examples of a destroyer are Nobby Stiles, Herbert Wimmer, Marco Tardelli, while examples include Claude Makélélé and Javier Mascherano, although several of these players possessed qualities of other types of midfielders, were therefore not confined to a single role.
Early examples of a creator would be Gérson, Glenn Hoddle, Sunday Oliseh, while more recent examples Xabi Alonso, Michael Carrick. The latest and third type of holding midfielder developed as a box-to-box midfielder, or "carrier", neither destructive nor creative, capable of winning b
Amica Wronki was a Polish football club based in Wronki, Poland. The club was invariably linked to the Amica company, a manufacturer of white goods, predominantly stoves, which gave the club its nickname; the company's increasing profits gave the new team tremendous financial clout in the Polish leagues. The club was formed when two clubs were joined together, Błękitni Wronki and LZS Czarni Wromet Wróblewo; the new club was named FK Amica Wronki and in just 4 years, the club won promotion from the Fourth Division to the Orange Ekstraklasa. They have been in the top division in Poland since 1995. In May 2006 they merged with fellow Ekstraklasa team Lech Poznań; the reserve team became its first team but only lasted one season before it was disbanded. In 2007, one of the clubs, merged that created Amica, Błękitni Wronki was re-founded and is considered to be a phoenix club; the history of SSA Amica Sport goes back to 1992 when the Amica company wanted to sponsor a football team in the town of Wronki where their factory was located.
The Amica company's increasing profits gave the new team financial clout in the Polish leagues. The club was formed when two clubs were joined together, Błękitni Wronki and LZS Czarni Wromet Wróblewo. In the 1993–1994 season Amica Wronki were promoted to the Third Division; the next season the team, led by Jarosław Szuby, won promotion to the Second Division. Amica didn't stay in the second division for long because the following season they again won promotion, this time to the Ekstraklasa under Marian Kurowski who took over the job started by former coaches Boguslaw Baniak and Horst Panic; the team finished 5th, 5th and 7th in successive seasons to cement themselves as an Ekstraklasa side. On 13 June 1998, Amica Wronki beat Aluminium Konin 5–3 to win their first Polish Cup and first trophy in their history. Despite the team from Konin being by far the better team, Amica Wronki won in controversial circumstances, with the help of the referee Sam Kowalczyk so obvious that he was given a 3-month ban, but the PZPN match observer Alojzy Jarguz inexplicably gave the referee a high note.
Impartial observers, such the manager of Lech Poznań Adam Topolski, chairman of Olimpia Poznań Bolesław Krzyżostaniak, the chief of Zawisza Bydgoszcz Edward Potok and former Górnik Konin manager Janusz Białek were all critical of the match they have witnessed. In the aftermath of the match, Ryszard Forbrich, known as "Fryzjer", the director of Amica Wronki at the time, was the infamous leader of an organised crime group, fixing matches all around the country, uncovering a huge corruption scandal in Polish football several years later, he admitted to fixing the match in his autobiography. The 1998 cup final however was never investigated, with trophy still belonging to Amica, remains a sore point for Górnik fans to this day. On 18 July 1998, Amica Wronki won the Polish Super Cup, contested by the previous seasons League and Cup Champions, by beating League Champions ŁKS Łódź after a goal by Radosław Biliński. Amica qualified for the last edition of the now defunct European Cup Winners Cup in the 1998/1999 season, playing for the first time against European opposition.
They beat Hibernians FC 5–0 in the qualifying round before losing to SC Heerenveen 4–1 on aggregate in the first round. After a disappointing league campaign in 1998/1999 where they finished in 12th place they managed to end the season well by winning their second Polish Cup beating GKS Bełchatów on 13 June 1999. Once more they had the opportunity of playing in Europe through the UEFA Cup and beat Brøndby IF of Denmark 5–4 on aggregate in the first round, they followed up that success by beating League Champions Wisła Kraków to win their second Polish Super Cup on 22 September 1999. They were drawn against Spanish team Atlético Madrid in the second round of the Uefa Cup and lost 5–1 on aggregate ending the 1999/2000 season in 6th place. Amica won their third Polish Cup on 9 June 2000 in a rematch of the Super Cup game against Wisła Kraków, they appeared in a European competition for the third season in a row and made it to the second round beating FC Vaduz 6–3, FC Alania Vladikavkaz 5–0 and losing to Hertha BSC Berlin 2–4 and finished the 2000/2001 season in 7th place.
In the 2001/2002 season a reshuffle of the Ekstraklasa occurred to lower the number of teams from 18 to 16. Two groups of nine teams were created for the fall season; the spring season consisted of a Championship group consisting of the top 5 teams in both fall season groups and a Relegation group consisting of the bottom 4 teams from both fall season groups. Amica finished in 5th place in their group during the Fall Season with 12 points to qualify for the Championship group and ended the Spring season in 3rd place. Amica made it to the Polish Cup final for the fourth time but were beaten by Wisła Kraków 8–2 on aggregate. Qualification for the 2002/2003 UEFA Cup was accomplished as Polish Cup runners-up because Wisla had won the league title and therefore qualification for the UEFA Champions League. Amica beat Servette FC on the away goals rule after a 4–4 aggregate tie in the first round before extending their streak of never having qualified past the second round by losing to Málaga CF 4–2 on aggregate and finishing the season in 6th place.
The following season fared much better as a good run of games propelled them to 3rd place in the league and therefore UEFA Cup qualification, the only downside being their elimination from the Polish Cup in the quarter finals. A penalty shoot-out was needed for Amica to beat Hungarians Budapest Honvéd FC 5–4 after a 1–1 aggregate tie in the second qualifying round of the 2004/2005 UEFA Cup. A 2–1 victory in the first round against Latvians FK Ventspils was followed by their first appearance in the re
Miedź Legnica is a Polish football club based in Legnica, Poland. Miedź was founded in 1971; as of the 2018/19 season, the club competes in the Ekstraklasa, the top tier of the Polish league system. Miedź secured promotion from I liga during the 2017/18 season; the club's manager is Dominik Nowak. The Sports Director is Marek Ubych; the Director of the Academy is Krzysztof Kądziołka. In 2018, Miedź Legnica achieved promotion to the top flight for the first time in club's history; as of 1 November 2018. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Polish Cup: Winner: 1992 – Miedź Legnica 1–1 4–3 Górnik Zabrze Polish SuperCup: Finalist: 1992 – Lech Poznań 4–2 Miedź Legnica Miedź Legnica scores are given first in all scorelines. Had international caps for their respective countries. Players listed in bold represented their countries while playing for Miedź. Poland Grzegorz Bartczak Andrzej Bledzewski Marcin Burkhardt Łukasz Garguła Jarosław Gierejkiewicz Tomasz Jarzębowski Romuald Kujawa Wojciech Łobodziński Piotr Madejski Mariusz Mowlik Marcin Nowacki Marcin Robak Michał Stasiak Bartosz Ślusarski Albania Enkeleid Dobi Cape Verde Kadú Alves Croatia Mladen Bartulović Estonia Artjom Artjunin Henrik Ojamaa Artur Pikk Igor Subbotin Finland Petteri Forsell Haiti Kevin Lafrance Latvia Valērijs Šabala Lithuania Tadas Labukas Trinidad and Tobago Keon Daniel Official website Miedź Legnica
Polonia Warsaw, founded in 1911, is the oldest existing Warsaw sports club, with football, basketball and field and swimming teams. Polonia Warsaw was formed in the autumn of 1911 as a union of two school teams; the founder of the club was captain Wacław Denhoff-Czarnocki, who came up with the name of the club. Polonia is Latin for "Poland" and is used by Polish ex-patriates in reference to their communities in other countries; the choice of such a name was a brave decision at the time, since Poland was not an independent country, Warsaw was a part of Russian partition. The players played in black-and-white striped shirts, but in the spring of 1912, they switched to their now traditional design of all black shirts; the legendary patriotic explanation for this color scheme was that it was a sign of mourning for the occupied and divided motherland of Poland. This lasting devotion to tradition resulted in the club's popular name: The Black Shirts; the uniform's white shorts and red socks come from the colors of the Polish flag.
The club's first match on 19 November 1911 was against a strong local rival and ended 3–4 in favor of Korona. Two years in February 1913, The Black Shirts defeated Korona 4–0. During the first world war, German occupants were more liberal in their ways than the previous Russian counterparts, allowed the official registration of sports clubs on Polish territory, on 15 October 1915 Polonia official became a football club, despite existing for four years; the first match between Polonia and Legia Warsaw was played on 29 April 1917. It was the first historic "Great Derby of Warsaw" – the clash of these two rival teams. A month there was a second match between the teams, ending with the same score. Hatred divided their supporters early in the clubs' history and continues to this day, driving strong emotions during the matches and sometimes greater emotions between matches. In 1921, the Black Shirts came second in the first season of the Polish football championship. In 1926, they finished the season as joint-champions.
Polonia was Warsaw's favorite club – the great majority of the city's inhabitants were devoted Black Shirt supporters. In the late 1930s, Polonia became one of powerhouses of Polish football, with players, such as Jerzy Bulanow, Wladyslaw Szczepaniak, Erwin Nyc and Henryk Jaznicki capping for the national team; the friendship between Polonia and KS Cracovia – the prewar Polish football legend and the first champions of Poland – dates back to those days. In 1946, Polonia won the Polish Championship title, it was burned capital. The final match was played on "Wojska Polskiego" Stadium on Lazienkowska Street, because Polonia's stadium on 6 Konwiktorska Street had been ruined during the war; the Black Shirts defeated AKS Chorzów in the final. In 1952, Polonia Warsaw won their first Polish Cup. In the final, Polonia managed to outscore local rivals Legia Warsaw 1-0, much to the delight of Warsaw's fans, who supported the Black Shirts. During the Stalinist period, Polonia's name and colors were changed – Warsaw's oldest club was renamed Kolejarz, as the team was now tied to the Polish National Railroad company.
The Black Shirts were banned, as the Stalinist regime was trying to erase everything, associated with Warsaw from before the war. Every Polish football club got a ` sponsor', such as militia or mining industry. At the time, the railroad was one of the poorest sponsors choosing another club, as the main club they were investing in. Polonia's management struggled to face the problems that the club came across, which contributed to its eventual relegation to the Polish second division. Fifteen years there were still thousands of fans on Konwiktorska Street. Nobody thought it would take 40 years for Polonia to come back to top-flight football. One of the reasons behind this, was that all the young men, promising footballers to be – from all over Poland, the Warsaw youth academies, were called up for compulsory army training, which under the communist rule lasted about 5 years, or sometimes longer. Many of the players received an offer to play for the army sponsored Legia Warsaw, which led to some of Polonia's bitter rivals biggest successes, in the 1960s.
Till the modern day Polonia's fans attribute Legia's current popularity in Warsaw to the communist regime, the'stealing' of talented players. Polonia's ultras fans put up a flag with an anti-communist symbol, in the center of'Kammienna' sector every game. In the 1992–93 season, after 40 years playing in the lower leagues, Polonia Warsaw was promoted to the first division; the organization of the club was insufficient to compete with the strongest clubs in Polish football - the biggest problems being lack of money and a sound training base. After one season, the team was relegated yet again, but only for a year as in the 1995–96 season Polonia Warszawa won promotion again. In 1996, Janusz Romanowski took over as chairman of Polonia, having just backed out from sponsoring local rivals Legia Warszawa. In 1998'The Black Shirts' finished runner-up in the top flight and in 1999 reached the semi-finals of the Intertoto Cup. In the 1999/2000 season, Polonia were not considered challengers for the title.
At the end of the autumn round, the Black Shirts were for the first time in club's history leading the league. That team had two managers – Jerzy Engel (who became the coach of the Polish national team, which qualified for the World C
Association football, more known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport; the game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal. Association football is one of a family of football codes, which emerged from various ball games played worldwide since antiquity; the modern game traces its origins to 1863 when the Laws of the Game were codified in England by The Football Association. Players are not allowed to touch the ball with hands or arms while it is in play, except for the goalkeepers within the penalty area. Other players use their feet to strike or pass the ball, but may use any other part of their body except the hands and the arms; the team that scores most goals by the end of the match wins.
If the score is level at the end of the game, either a draw is declared or the game goes into extra time or a penalty shootout depending on the format of the competition. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, which organises World Cups for both men and women every four years; the rules of association football were codified in England by the Football Association in 1863 and the name association football was coined to distinguish the game from the other forms of football played at the time rugby football. The first written "reference to the inflated ball used in the game" was in the mid-14th century: "Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe"; the Online Etymology Dictionary states that the "rules of the game" were made in 1848, before the "split off in 1863". The term soccer comes from a slang or jocular abbreviation of the word "association", with the suffix "-er" appended to it; the word soccer was first recorded in 1889 in the earlier form of socca.
Within the English-speaking world, association football is now called "football" in the United Kingdom and "soccer" in Canada and the United States. People in countries where other codes of football are prevalent may use either term, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now use "football" for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is evidence. Cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net, it was remarkably similar to modern football. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established. Phaininda and episkyros were Greek ball games. An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup. Athenaeus, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda and harpastum were played involving hands and violence.
They all appear to have resembled rugby football and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified "mob football", the antecedent of all modern football codes, these three games involved more handling the ball than kicking. Other games included kemari in chuk-guk in Korea. Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other ball games played around the world FIFA has recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe; the modern rules of association football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the varying forms of football played in the public schools of England. The history of football in England dates back to at least the eighth century AD; the Cambridge Rules, first drawn up at Cambridge University in 1848, were influential in the development of subsequent codes, including association football. The Cambridge Rules were written at Trinity College, Cambridge, at a meeting attended by representatives from Eton, Rugby and Shrewsbury schools.
They were not universally adopted. During the 1850s, many clubs unconnected to schools or universities were formed throughout the English-speaking world, to play various forms of football; some came up with their own distinct codes of rules, most notably the Sheffield Football Club, formed by former public school pupils in 1857, which led to formation of a Sheffield FA in 1867. In 1862, John Charles Thring of Uppingham School devised an influential set of rules; these ongoing efforts contributed to the formation of The Football Association in 1863, which first met on the morning of 26 October 1863 at the Freemasons' Tavern in Great Queen Street, London. The only school to be represented on this occasion was Charterhouse; the Freemason's Tavern was the setting for five more meetings between October and December, which produced the first comprehensive set of rules. At the final meeting, the first FA treasurer, the representative from Blackheath, withdrew his club from the FA over the removal of two draft rules at the previous meeting: the first allowed for running with the ball in hand.
Other English rugby clubs followed this lead and did not join the FA and instead in 1871 formed the Rugby Football Union. The eleven remaining clubs, under
KS Cracovia (football)
KS Cracovia known as Cracovia, is a Polish sports club based in Kraków. Cracovia is the oldest Polish football club still in existence, has continually participated in competition since its founding on 13 June 1906 The early years of football in the city of Kraków are associated with professor Henryk Jordan, he was a Polish physician who had spent some time in Britain and after coming back to his native city introduced football to its youth. Jordan was a huge supporter of all gymnastics. On 12 March 1889, he founded The Park of Games and Plays in Kraków, called Jordan's Park. Places like this spread all across Austrian Galicia, apart from gymnastics, the youth there became acquainted with football. However, it was not Kraków; this happened in Lwów on 14 July 1894, with a six-minute match between the teams of Kraków. The home team proved better. Within the next few years, football emerged as a rising sport, it was popular among high school students and in the fall of 1903, a group of them created the team of Sława Lwów, the first Polish football club.
In 1904, a group of Lwów's students, together with professor Eugeniusz Piasecki, came to Kraków to play an exhibition match. The match ended in Lwów's 0–4 defeat, its far-reaching implications among Kraków's youth were enormous. 13 June 1906 is regarded as a crucial date in the history of football in Kraków. On that day, two matches of high school teams took place; these matches had been announced in Kraków's newspapers. Czarni Lwów beat the team of the IV Gymnasium beat Akademicy; the matches were warmly welcomed by Kraków's fans, who were surprised to see for the first time real football gear, brought by players from Lwów. 13 June is regarded as the day of Cracovia's creation. In the fall of 1906, another tournament took place. Prior to the matches, Jerzy Lustgarten from the team of Akademicy came up with the new name – Cracovia, a Latin name for Kraków; this was accepted and henceforth the new team's full name was Akademicki Klub Footballowy, Cracovia. On 21 October 1906, the teams of Cracovia and "Biało-czerwoni" played each other, drawing 1–1.
The next year, facing difficulties, those two teams decided to join forces, thus creating a stronger club, which took over the name Cracovia and white-red jerseys. The combined team went to Lwów on 1 July 1907, where they lost a game against Czarni, 1–4. In 1908, an Englishman named, he was a huge fan of football. It was in his apartment that pinup badges were handed out. In May of that year, Cracovia for the first time faced a team from abroad; this was Troppauer Sportverein, from the Czech city of Opava. In 1910, Cracovia's statutes were recognised by the Austrian government in Lwów and in the same year the club joined the Austrian Football Association, where it gained the proud title of the 1st class team. Kraków's side was active internationally playing Czech and Austrian teams. However, it did not forget its roots, it was due to Cracovia's initiative that the Polish Football Association was formed. On 31 March 1912, after two years' efforts, Cracovia received its own pitch; the same year brought the debut of Józef Kałuża, one of Cracovia's most popular players, who at first had to use the nickname "Kowalski".
The next year, Cracovia won the Championship of Austrian Galicia. However, in 1914, the matches were cancelled because of the outbreak of World War I. In spite of the war, Cracovia's football team did not cease its activities, playing several games with such renowned teams as Admira Wacker Wien and Wiener Sport-Club. In those years, new players emerged, such as defender Ludwik Gintel, midfielder Stanislaw Cikowski and forward Leon Sperling. All these footballers would become members of the Poland national team in the next few years, after Poland regained independence. Cracovia's great play in games against some elite teams of Hungarian football helped convince the Hungarians to invite Poland for an international friendly in 1921. In 1920, the budding PZPN was unable to carry out the championships of the whole country; the situation was insecure, Polish borders were not determined and Poland was waging several wars with its neighbours. Under the circumstances, the Kraków department of the PZPN organized its own matches.
The next year, in the 1921 matches, Cracovia became the historic champion of Poland. During the following years, the team traveled across Europe, playing in Scandinavia and Spain; the most memorable is the trip to Spain, which occurred in the fall of 1923. Cracovia showed itself as a good side, drawing 1–1 with Barcelona, winning 3–2 against Sevilla and losing to the renowned teams of Real Madrid and Valencia In 1928, Cracovia joined the Polish Football League, created a year earlier. Two years Kraków's side for the second time in its history became the Champion of Poland; this was repeated in 1932. At the end of the season, Cracovia placed ahead of such famous teams as Pogoń Lwów, Warta Poznań, Wisła Kra
KGHM Zagłębie Lubin is a Polish professional football club based in Lubin, Poland. It was founded on September 1945 as OMTUR Lubin; the history of Zagłębie Lubin dates back to August 1945, when former German town of Luben became Polish Lubin. In a group of ethnic Poles, who were forced to abandon their homes in former Eastern Poland, was a number of football enthusiasts, including players and officials of Pogoń Lwów; some of them were members of pre-1939, socialist Youth Organization of the Association of Workers’ Universities. In August 1945, they formed the OMTUR Lubin football team, which played its games at a former German field, located on Kosciuszko Street; the games of OMTUR Lubin were popular, attracting crowds of people. Among the opponents, was the team of the local Red Army garrison, which faced the Poles in autumn 1945. In March 1946, Sports Club Zawisza, based on OMTUR Lubin, was formed. Among its players were Emil Czyzewski of Pogoń Lwów, Tadeusz Rela of Tarnovia Tarnow, Stanislaw Lesniewski, who had played for Dynamo Kiev, settled in the Recovered Territories.
In April 1946, Autonomous District of Polish Football Association was formed in Wroclaw. Newly created teams from now Polish Lower Silesia were divided into four groups. Zawisza Lubin was in Group IV. In 1947, Zawisza won the Cup of Lower Silesia, in the same year, the team from Lubin faced the team of the Northern Group of Forces, headquartered in nearby Legnica; the game, which Poles won 1–0, was attended by Marshal Konstantin Rokossovsky. In 1949, Zawisza Lubin changed name into Gwardia, in 1951, to Spojnia. In 1953, the team returned to Zawisza. In 1957, rich deposits of copper were discovered in the area of Lubin. With construction of the Lubin mine, the team gained a rich sponsor. In 1960, its name was changed into Gornik, new departments were added: volleyball, boxing, handball and field, weight lifting and table tennis. In 1966, the Inter-Enterprise Sports Club Zagłębie Lubin was established; the new organization was a powerful establishment, with 10 departments. Its football team won promotion to the third division.
In 1974, Alojzy Sitko became its new manager. Zagłębie was a sensation in the 1975–76 Polish Cup, beating Ruch Chorzów, losing to Górnik Zabrze. In 1975, Zagłębie won promotion to the second division. In 1978, it again was promoted, relegated after one year; the team was a sensation in the 1978–79 Polish Cup, beating GKS Katowice, Legia Warszawa and Górnik Zabrze, reaching the semi-final, where it lost 0–3 to Wisła Kraków. In 1982, under manager Stanislaw Swierk, Zagłębie again won promotion to the second division. In 1985, it was promoted to the Ekstraklasa. With a new manager, Eugeniusz Rozanski, a new stadium, Zagłębie was at that time one of the most powerful sports organization in Poland. On July 27, 1985, Zagłębie played its first Ekstraklasa home game, beating 1–0 GKS Katowice, after a goal by Eugeniusz Ptak. In the 1985–86 season, Zagłębie was 12th, in 1986–87, 8th, in 1987–88, 11th. To avoid relegation, the team from Lubin had to participate in the play-offs, in which it lost to Górnik Wałbrzych.
After one year in the second division, Zagłębie returned to the Ekstraklasa. Managed by Stanislaw Swierk, it was Polish runner-up. In the first round, Zagłębie faced Italian side Bologna, losing both games 0–1, 0–1. In June 1991, managed by Marian Putyra, Zagłębie won Polish championship, earning a spot in the 1991–92 European Cup, where it faced Brøndby Copenhagen; the champion of Poland lost 0–3 in the first leg, won 2–1 at home, to be eliminated. Among Zagłębie’s top players at that time were Romuald Kujawa and Adam Zejer, both top scorers of the Ekstraklasa in 1990 and 1991. In 1995 Zagłębie was the 4th team in Poland, winning a spot in the 1995–96 UEFA Cup, to lose to the European powerhouse, AC Milan. In June 2003, after 13 years, Zagłębie was relegated from the Ekstraklasa. Before that, Zagłębie played 20 games with 7 victories, 5 ties and 8 losses. Furthermore, in 2001, it was the fifth team in Poland reaching semi-final of the Cup of Poland. After one year Zagłębie returned to the Ekstraklasa, in spring 2005, it again reached the final of Polish Cup, losing 0–2 to Dyskobolia Grodzisk Wielkopolski.
In 2005–06, under Franciszek Smuda, Zagłębie, with its top scorer Michal Chalbinski, finished third in the league, winning a spot in European cups. Furthermore, the team again reached the final of the Polish Cup, losing 2 -- 1 -- 3 to Wisła Płock. In the UEFA Cup, Zagłębie was eliminated by Dinamo Minsk. Ekstraklasa: Winner: 1990–91, 2006–07 2nd: 1989–90 3rd: 2005–06, 2015–16 Second Division: Winner: 1984–85, 1988–89, 2014–15 2nd: 2003–2004, 2008–09 Third Division Winner: 1974–75, 1977–78 Runners-up: 1979–80, 1981–82 Polish Cup: Finalist: 2004–05, 2005–06, 2013–14 Semi-Finalist: 1978–79, 2000–01 Polish SuperCup: Winner: 2007 Finalist: 1991 Polish League Cup: Finalist: 2000–01 Młoda Ekstraklasa: Champions: 2010, 2011 Runners-up: 2012 Polish U-19 Championship: Winners: 2009, 2010 Runner Up: 1990 As of 22 January 2019Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold