M. P. Paul
Menacherry Poulose Paul was an academic, educationist and literary critic of Malayalam. Considered by many as one of the major literary critics of Malayalam literature, Paul inaugurated comparative literature in Malayalam through his works, Novel Sahithyam and Cherukatha Prasthanam, he was the founder of parallel college education system in Kerala, one of the major forces behind the Purogamana Sahitya Prasthanam and was the founder president of Sahithya Pravrthaka Sahakarana Sangham, the writers' cooperative movement. M. P. Paul was born on the May Day of 1904 at Puthenpally Varapuzha, in Ernakulam district of the south Indian state of Kerala to Poulose and Rosamma. After early schooling locally, he did his high school studies at St. Albert's High School and though he completed his high school course with scholarship, he could not appear for the Secondary School Leaving Certificate in 1918 as he was under age at the time of the examination. Subsequently, he passed the examination the next year and completed his intermediate course at St. Thomas College, Thrissur before graduating in History from St Joseph's College, Tiruchirappalli in 1924.
He started his career as a tutor at the same college following his graduation and during his stay in Tiruchirappalli, he unsuccessfully attempted the Indian Civil Service examination. Returning to Kerala in 1928, he joined St. Thomas College, Thrissur as a faculty and stayed there until 1931. In 1931, he was dismissed from service due to his differences with the management of the college which escalated into a court case. On losing the job, Paul rented a building opposite to St. Thomas College and started M. P. Paul's Tutorial College, the first parallel college in Kerala, he started parallel colleges in Ernakulam and Kottayam and made an attempt to study law which he abandoned after passing the initial examination in 1933. The next year, he joined St. Berchmans College, Changanassery but left the job in 1936, again due to differences with the college management to go back to his parallel colleges which he managed in places like Thrissur, Kottayam and Thiruvananthapuram, he had a second stint at St. Berchmans College during 1944–46 but moved to Thiruvanathapuram in 1950 to join Mar Ivanios College as a professor.
In 1952, he made an attempt to revive his parallel college in Kottayam which had stopped functioning. Paul married Mary in 1926 and the couple had a daughter, Rosy Thomas, who went on to become a noted writer in her own right, he died on July 12, 1952, at the age of 48, at Thiruvananthapuram, succumbing to illnesses contracted during one of his trips to Kottayam. The Church refused to allow him a catholic burial due to his constant confrontations with them and his mortal remains were buried at a public cemetery in Pattoor, Thiruvanathapuram. Paul, who attempted to study aesthetics as fundamental to the practice of literary criticism and define the literary genres of novel, short story and essays, is credited with introducing a modern approach to literary criticism in Malayalam literature, he was known to be instrumental in democratising the renaissance movement in Malayalam literature for taking its benefits to the masses. Along with a group of literary enthusiasts, he founded Sahitya Pravarthaka Sahakarana Sangham, a cooperative society for helping the writers to publish their works as well as getting them a decent remuneration during a time when established writers like Vaikom Muhammad Basheer struggled to get adequate remuneration.
He published a weekly Navakeralam and a monthly Cherupushpam and served as the president of the Kerala Purogamana Saahitya Sanghatana for a brief period before distancing himself from the organization due to differences of opinion. He was active in theatre, and, in 1937, founded the Shakespeare Theatre. Paul introduced western literature to Malayalam and was the first critic in Malayalam literature to launch comparative literature which he attempted in his work, Novel Sahithyam where he exposed the similarities between Cymbeline and Kundalatha as well as Marthanda Varma and Ivanhoe. Cherukatha Prasthanam, another of his works, documented the traits of Malayalam short story when the genre was in its nascent stage. Kavya Darshanam, Khandakatha Prasthanam, Gadya Gathi, Sahithya Vicharam and Soundarya Nireekshanam are his other books on literary criticism, he translated The Miser of Moliere into Malayalam under the title, Lubdhan. His work has been detailed in a biographical book, M. P. Paul -Kalapathinte Thiruseshippukal, written by George Onakkoor.
Rosy Thomas, Paul's daughter, wrote a book, Urangunna Simham on him, a compilation of her memories of her father. M. P. Paul Charitable Trust, the eponymous charitable organization, has instituted M P Paul Award, an annual literary award for honouring literary excellence in Malayalam language studies and history; the award carries a prize of a citation and a plaque. Paul, M. P.. Novel Sahithyam. Paul, M. P.. Cherukatha Prastanam. Calicut: Poorna. Paul, M. P.. Sahityavicharam. Kottayam: National Book Stall. Paul. M. P. Gadhyagathi. Sahithya Pravantaka Co: Sahithya Pravantaka Co. Paul, M. P.. Kavyadharshanam. S. P. C. S. Paul, M. P.. Soundarya Nireekshanam. Kottayam: National Book Stall. Complete Works of M. P. Paul Moliere. Lubdan. Kottayam: SPCS. Onakoor, Georage. M. P. Paul - Kalapathinte Thiruseshippukal. DC Books. ASIN B007E4XNSG. M. Muraleedharan. M. P. Paulinte Sahityavimarsanam. Vallathol Vidyapeedam. Rosy T
Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award for Novel
Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award is given each year by the Kerala Sahitya Akademi, to Malayalam writers for their outstanding books of literary merit. The awards are given in various categories including Poetry, Story, Literary criticism, Biography - autobiography, Humour, Children's literature etc; the list of writers who have won the award for Novel is given below
Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award for Children's Literature
Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award is given each year by the Kerala Sahitya Akademi, to Malayalam writers for their outstanding books of literary merit. The awards are given in various categories including Poetry, Story, Literary criticism, Biography - autobiography, Humour, Children's literature etc; the list of writers who have won the award for Children's Literature is given below
Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award for Miscellaneous Works
Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award is given each year by the Kerala Sahitya Akademi, to Malayalam writers for their outstanding books of literary merit. The awards are given in various categories including Poetry, Story, Literary criticism, Biography - autobiography, Humour, Children's literature etc; the list of writers who have won the award for Miscellaneous Works is given below. The award was established in 1969 and was discontinued from the year 1991 since many new categories were added in 1992
Balyakalasakhi (2014 film)
Balyakalasakhi is a 2014 Malayalam language film adaptation of the famous novel of the same name by Vaikom Muhammad Basheer. The romantic musical drama film was written and directed by debutante Pramod Payyannur and stars Mammootty, Isha Talwar, Seema Biswas, KPAC Lalitha and Mamukkoya in lead roles; the film was a flop at the box office The story revolves around childhood sweethearts Majeed and Suhra. Born to rich parents, Majeed falls in love with his not-so-affluent neighbour Suhra. After her father's death, when Suhra struggles to make both ends meet, Majeed pleads with his father to sponsor her education. Refused, he wanders off to distant lands; some of the other characters created by Basheer such as Ettukali Mammoonju and Ottakannan Pokker appear in the film. The film has lyrics and music created by several leading masters including P. Bhaskaran, K. Raghavan, K. T. Muhammed, O. N. V. Kurup, Kavalam Narayana Panicker, Sreekumaran Thampi, Basheer himself; the launch of the film edition of the novel Balyakalasakhi was done by Leela Menon who handed over the book to Fabi Basheer, wife of Vaikom Muhammed Basheer.
Mammootty - Majeed and Majeed's Father Isha Talwar - Suhara Meena - Majeed’s Mother Seema Biswas - Selvi Tanushree Ghosh - Shabnam Sunil Sukhada - Avuran Sashi Kumar - Ameen Sahib Mamukkoya - Narayanan Master Priam Shaikh - Praful Kavitha Nair as Suhara's Mother Prakash Bare as Beeran, Suhara's father Parambrata Chatterjee Shari KPAC Lalitha Master Abhijith - Majeed Gouri Shankar- Majeed Shane Nigam - Majeed Saniya Iyappan - Suhara Nidhi - Suhara Nayana Josan - Suhara GK - Beeran Nilambur Ayisha - Jinnumma Moly Kannamaly- Kadathukari Kunjali Aneesh G Menon - Thoma Pramod Payyannur, a familiar name in Malayalam theatre and television, made his debut on the big screen with the film. Mammootty was chosen to play the lead in film by Pramod Payyannur, he said in an interview with Malayala Manorama, "Vaikom is the home of the writer Basheer, the character Majeed and the actor Mammootty. Only a person who knew that place could imbibe that character in both looks and expressions; that search ended in Mammootty."On being quizzed about the inspiration to choose Kolkata as the location of the film, when Vaikom Muhammed Basheer has not referred to any specific city in the novel, Pramod says that Kolkata is the only Indian metro that still retains its old world charm and that it matched the setting of the film’s backdrop.
Besides, Basheer is believed to have written Balyakalasakhi during his brief stay at a house in Lower Chitpur Road in Kolkata, he explains. Two seasons were shot in West Bengal; the team began shooting in 2013 at Perumbalam near Vaikom. Mammootty began filming for Balyakalasakhi at Kolkata in October, 2013; the 18-day schedule included various places such as Victoria Memorial, Chhote Lal Ghat, in front of Town Hall. Metromatinee.com said "even if it has some limits, it is a timeless and exciting classic, Mammootty as lovelorn Majeed is impressive but a lack of good chemistry with Isha Talwar is a letdown". Deccan Chronicle said that Mammootty excelled in the double role as Majeed's father; the film has lyrics and music composed by several leading masters in the field while the background score was composed by Bijibal. The first line of the song "Thaamara Poonkaavanathil Thaamasikkunnoley" has been mentioned in the novel by Basheer himself. An oral traditional song of the Muslims in Kerala, the song’s lines were supplemented with lyrics penned by K. T. Muhammed.
It has been sung by legendary singer K. J. Yesudas. "Kaalam Parakkanu", the second song composed by Raghavan Master, which has Pramod’s lyrics, has been sung by Raghavan Master's disciple V. T. Murali. P. Bhaskaran's poem "Ente Thoolika" has been adapted for a song composed on the lines of Rabindra Sangeet, it has a mix of Urdu lyrics and Baul music too. It has been sung by Shahabaz Aman; the entire song signifies a journey. The Urdu portion has been sung by Ustad Faiyaz Khan. Sreekumaran Thampi’s lyrics for the film has been sung by K. S. Chithra and Vijay Yesudas as a duet while O. N. V. Kurup’s poem "Vaaghdatta Bhoomi" has been translated into Bengali and sung by Bengali singer Raghav Chatterjee. Kavalam Narayana Panikkar has composed a song in the folk music tradition that makes use of Basheer's idioms and words, it has been sung by Shahabaz. Mammootty launched the music on 6 January 2014 by handing over the CD to late music director Raghavan Master's family; the soundtrack consists of four karaoke versions.
Director Pramod Payyannur got Special Jury Award Balyakalasakhi on IMDb
National Film Award for Best Actor
The National Film Award for Best Actor known as the Rajat Kamal Award for the Best Actor, is an honour presented annually at the National Film Awards of India instituted since 1967 to actors who have delivered the best performance in a leading role within the Indian film industry. Called the "State Awards for Films" when established in 1954, the National Film Awards ceremony is older than the Directorate of Film Festivals; the State Awards instituted the individual award in 1968 as the "Bharat Award for the Best Actor". Throughout the past 45 years, accounting for ties and repeat winners, the Government of India has presented a total of 52 "Best Actor" awards to 40 actors; until 1974, winners of the National Film Award received a certificate. Although the Indian film industry produces films in around 20 languages and dialects, the actors whose performances have won awards have worked in seven major languages: Hindi, Tamil, Marathi and English; the first recipient was Uttam Kumar from Bengali cinema, honoured at the 15th National Film Awards in 1967 for his performances in Anthony Firingee and Chiriyakhana.
As of 2017, Amitabh Bachchan is the most honoured actor with four awards followed by Kamal Haasan and Mammootty with three awards, while six actors—Sanjeev Kumar, Om Puri, Naseeruddin Shah, Mithun Chakraborty and Ajay Devgn—have won the award two times. Two actors have achieved the honour for performing in two languages—Mithun Chakraborty and Mammootty; the most recent recipient is Riddhi Sen, honoured at the 65th National Film Awards for his performance in the Bengali film Nagarkirtan. Riddhi Sen is the youngest recipient of the award at the age of 19. Key Official Page for Directorate of Film Festivals, India National Film Awards Archives
Muhammad Kutty Paniparambil Ismail, better known by his stage name Mammootty is an Indian film actor and producer who works in Malayalam cinema. In a career spanning four decades, he has appeared in over 400 films, predominantly in Malayalam language and in Tamil, Kannada and English. Mammootty was a lawyer by profession. After establishing himself as a lead actor in the 1980s, his major breakthrough came with the commercial success of the 1987 film New Delhi, he has won three National Film Awards for Best Actor, seven Kerala State Film Awards and thirteen Filmfare Awards South. In 1998, the Government of India awarded him the Padma Shri for his contributions to the arts, he has received honorary doctorate degrees from the University of Kerala in January 2010 and from the University of Calicut in December 2010. Mammootty is the chairman of Malayalam Communications, which runs the Malayalam television channels Kairali TV, People TV and WE TV, he is the goodwill ambassador of the Akshaya project, the first district-wide e-literacy project in India.
He is the patron of the Pain and Palliative Care Society, a charitable organisation in Kerala formed with the aim of improving the quality of life among patients with advanced cancer. He has been working with the Pain and Palliative Care Centre in Kozhikode, India. Mammootty was born Muhammad Kutty Ismail Paniparambil on 7 September 1951 in Chandiroor in Alappuzha district, raised in the village of Chempu near Vaikom in Kottayam district in the present-day state of Kerala, India in a middle-class, Muslim family, his father, was a farmer and his mother, Fatima, a housewife. He was their eldest son, he has two younger brothers and Zakariah and three younger sisters, Ameena and Shafina. Mammootty went to Government High School, Kulasekharamangalam, Kottayam for his primary education. In the 1960s, his father moved the family to Ernakulam, where he attended Government School Ernakulam, he did his pre-university course at Thevara. He attended Ernakulam for his degree, he graduated with a LL. B. from Government Law College, Ernakulam.
Mammootty practiced law for two years in Manjeri. Mammootty married Sulfath in 1979, has a daughter Surumi, a son Dulquer Salmaan. Mammootty's younger brother Ibrahimkutty is an actor in Malayalam TV serials. Ibrahimkutty's son Maqbool Salmaan is a film actor. Mammootty's debut was in the 1971 film Anubhavangal Paalichakal, directed by K. S. Sethumadhavan, his second film was a 1973 Malayalam film directed by K. Narayanan, he acted in the theatre drama Sabarmathi in 1975. In 1979, he played his first lead role in Devalokam, directed by M. T. Vasudevan Nair. However, this film was never completed, his first credited role was in the 1980 film Vilkkanundu Swapnangal, directed by Azad and written by M. T. Vasudevan Nair. Mammootty's first starring role in a released film was the 1980 film Mela and directed by K. G. George. Mammootty's films in the 1980s include: Sphodanam, in which his name appeared in the credits as "Sajin". In 1981, he got his first state award in the Best Supporting Actor category for his performance in Ahimsa.
His performances included Aalkkoottathil Adiyozhukkukal. He played the role of a police officer in the investigative thriller Yavanika, directed by K. G. George, both a commercial and critical success. Other major releases in 1982 were Padayottam and Ee Nadu, a commercial success and became the highest grossing south Indian film at that time. Padayottam was the first 70 mm film Indian film to be processed in India, it was the first Malayalam film with a budget over ₹1 crore. In a period of five years, from 1982 to 1987, Mammootty acted in the lead role in more than 150 films. In 1986 alone, he acted in about 35 films, including a brief appearance in Mazha Peyyunnu Maddalam Kottunnu. In the mid-1980s, he collaborated in; these films had Mammootty as the protagonist, a husband and a father, with a 3 or 4-year-old daughter, employed in a top ranking post in a company. Mammootty made a comeback with New Delhi and Thaniyavarthanam, both released in 1987. In New Delhi, he played a victimised journalist, who systematically took revenge on politicians who flattered him.
He received the Kerala Film Critics Awards for Best Actor for his role as Balan Mash in Thaniyavarthanam, written by Lohithadas and directed by Sibi Malayil. In 1988, Mammootty starred in Oru CBI Diary Kurippu as a CBI officer. Following Oru CBI Diary Kurippu, three more murder mystery sequels were produced with the same cast of characters: Jagratha, Sethurama Iyer CBI and Nerariyan CBI, all directed by K. Madhu, penned by S. N. Swamy with Mammootty as Sethurama Iyer, an intelligent but unassuming CBI officer. Mammootty appeared in two of M. T. Vasudevan Nair's films with autobiographical elements—Aksharangal, directed by I. V. Sasi and Sukrutham, directed by Harikumar. Oru Vadakkan Veeragatha was directed by T. Hariharan and penned by M. T. Vasudevan Nair. Mammootty's depiction of a Chekavar of distinguished valor, but vilified by circumstances, won him the National Film Award for Best Actor, his role as a hunter, Varunni in Mrigaya, directed by I. V. Sasi and another film Mahayanam, were scanned for the State Award.
Mammootty won the Filmfare award for Amaram directed by Bharathan, in which he played the role of an uneducated fisherman who dreams of making his only daughter a doctor. During this period, Mammootty appeared in many of the