Matilda (1978 film)
Matilda is a 1978 American comedy film directed by Daniel Mann and starring Elliott Gould, Robert Mitchum and Lionel Stander. A small-time talent agent discovers an amazing boxing kangaroo and figures to use him as his stepping-stone into the big time by having him compete with a human pugilist; the story is based loosely on the 1970 novel of the same name by Paul Gallico. Elliott Gould - Bernie Bonnelli Clive Revill - Billy Baker Harry Guardino - Uncle Nono Roy Clark - Wild Bill Wildman Karen Carlson - Kathleen Smith Art Metrano - Gordon Baum Lionel Stander - Pinky Schwab Roberta Collins - Tanya Six Larry Pennell - Lee Dockerty Gary Morgan - Matilda Robert Mitchum - Duke Parkhurst Lenny Montana - Hood #1 Frank Avianca - Hood #2 Joe De Fish - Hood #3 Pat Henry - Hood #4 The film was budgeted at $5.2 million. Producer Al Ruddy explained that "we debated over using both a real kangaroo and an actor in costume and opted for the latter as cross-cutting proved too jarring for the viewer; however the costume was a $30,000 investment that paid off as it not only allowed freedom of movement, but we were able to program it with transistors to allow us to direct the actor's tiniest gesture."
Critic Tom Allen wrote in The Village Voice that "Matilda is worked by a person in a fur suit and fixed mask.... The technicians do not get the ears to wiggle and the mouth to pucker until the final minutes."Gould said "Al Ruddy wanted to buy back my position, my points in the picture, he offered me hundreds of thousands of dollars, which at that point I decided would be bad karma. That was bad judgment on my part.” "When I'm with You, I'm Feelin' Good" - Music by Carol Connors, Lyrics by Ernie Shelton, Sung by Pat Boone & Debby Boone, Record Produced by Mike Curb "Waltzing Matilda" -, Lyrics by A. B.'Banjo' Paterson, Music by Christina Macpherson List of American films of 1978 Matilda on IMDb Matilda at Rotten Tomatoes
Matilda I (tank)
The Tank, Infantry, Mk I, Matilda I was a British infantry tank of the Second World War. Despite being slow and only armed with a single machine gun, the Matilda I had some success in the Battle of France in 1940, owing to its heavy armour, proof against the standard German anti-tank guns, it is not to be confused with the model Tank, Infantry Mk II known as the "Matilda II", which took over the "Matilda" name after the Matilda I was withdrawn from combat service in 1940. They were separate designs; the development of the design by Sir John Carden at Vickers-Armstrongs Ltd began in 1935. The General Staff specification required a cheap tank, requiring the use of commercially available components, it resulted in a small two-man vehicle with a small cast turret. The turret was fitted with a single heavy machine gun, either a.303 Vickers machine gun or a larger, Vickers.50 machine gun. Designed for quick delivery as well as low cost, the A11 used many stock parts from other vehicles: a Ford V8 engine, a Fordson gearbox, a steering mechanism similar to the one used in Vickers light tanks and suspension adapted from the Mk IV Dragon artillery tractor, based on the Vickers 6-Ton Tank Model E.
The hull and turret were well protected against contemporary anti-tank weapons but the tracks and running gear were exposed and more vulnerable than on tanks that had protected tracks. The lack of a gun with anti-tank capability limited its utility on the battlefield. Besides operating the machine gun, the commander had to operate the radio. There being no room in the turret for the radio, it was placed in the hull; the driver's position was cramped and the turret could not be traversed forward while the driver's hatch was open. The top speed of 8 mph was thought to be sufficient for supporting an infantry advance. General Hugh Elles, the Master-General of the Ordnance, is credited with giving the tank the name Matilda "due to the vehicle's diminutive size and duck-like shape and gait." However, the codename "Matilda" for the project was created for Vickers at the time of drawing up the specification in 1935. The "Tank, Mark I" name was an Army Council decision of June 1940; the first order of sixty Matilda tanks was placed in April 1937, followed by an order for a further sixty ten days and another 19 were ordered in January 1939.
The tank remained in production until August 1940, with a total of one hundred and forty produced, including the prototype. Some were equipped with the heavier.50 inch Vickers machine gun instead of the.303 inch Vickers machine gun. Matilda I tanks equipped the 4th 7th Battalion of the Royal Tank Regiment. In September 1939, upon the outbreak of the Second World War, the 4th RTR deployed to France with the British Expeditionary Force, they together formed the 1st Army Tank Brigade. Apart from light tanks assigned to the various British infantry divisions, this was the only British armoured force on the Continent at the start of the Battle of France on 10 May 1940; the 58 Matilda Is and 16 Matilda IIs spearheaded the counter-attack in the Battle of Arras on 21 May, temporarily discomfiting the 7th Panzer Division under Rommel. The heavy armour of both types of British tank proved to be resistant to the standard German 37 mm anti-tank gun and the attack was only halted by a gun line hastily formed from 105 mm howitzers and 88 mm anti-aircraft guns directed by Rommel.
On the following day, only 26 Matilda Is and two Matilda II tanks were still serviceable. On 23 May, tanks from 7 RTR fought a rearguard action at Souchez before joining the general withdrawal towards Dunkirk; the surviving tanks of both battalions were formed into a composite unit, which fought another counter-attack at La Bassée. Only two tanks reached Dunkirk in the closing stages of Operation Dynamo. Further south in France, five Matilda Is and a few other tanks, in various depots or had arrived as late reinforcements, formed the Divisional Tank Company of the Beauman Division, an improvised formation, hastily put together to defend the British logistic bases at Rouen and Dieppe. On 8 June, the tanks supported the force, infantry, in their unsuccessful defence of the rivers Andelle and Béthune; the division was subsequently evacuated from Cherbourg during Operation Ariel. A Matilda I was selected by the German Army for evaluation and it was destroyed in the process. Matilda Is left in the United Kingdom.
Some recent evidence suggests that Matilda I's captured by the Germans may have seen use as internal security vehicles in Poland. Three surviving Matilda I tanks are preserved at The Tank Museum in the United Kingdom. One T3447) is in running condition; the second vehicle was restored to running condition in the 1980s. It is painted to represent T8106 a tank of the 4th Royal Tank Regiment in France in May 1940. A third Matilda I is a damaged wreck, used as a gunnery range target. FCM 36, a similar, French two–man, infantry tank List of tanks of the United Kingdom Tanks in the British Army Fletcher, David. Matilda Infantry Tank 1938–45. New Vanguard. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-85532-457-1. Forty, George; the World Encyclopedia of Tanks & Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Lorenz Books. P. 56. ISBN 97
Matilda of Scotland
Matilda of Scotland christened Edith, was Queen of England as the first wife of King Henry I. She acted as regent of England in the absence of her spouse on several occasions. Matilda was the daughter of the English princess Saint Margaret and the Scottish king Malcolm III, she was descended from Alfred the Great. At the age of about six Matilda was sent with her sister to be educated in a convent in southern England, where her aunt Cristina was abbess, it is not clear. In 1093, when she was about 13, she was engaged to an English nobleman when her father and brother Edward were killed in a minor raid into England, her mother died soon after. In Scotland a messy succession conflict followed between Matilda's uncle Donald III, her half-brother Duncan II and brother Edgar until 1097. Matilda's whereabouts during this no doubt difficult period are uncertain, but after the suspicious death of William II of England in 1100 and accession of his brother Henry I, Matilda's prospects improved. Henry moved to propose to her.
It is said that he knew and admired her, she may indeed have spent time at the English court. Edgar was now secure on the Scottish throne, offering the prospect of better relations between the two countries, Matilda had the considerable advantage of Anglo-Saxon royal blood, which the Norman dynasty lacked. There was a difficulty about the marriage. Matilda and Henry married in late 1100, they had two more who died young. Matilda led a literary and musical court, but was pious, she was "a women of exceptional holiness, in piety her mother's rival, in her own character exempt from all evil influence." She embarked on building projects for the church, took a role in government when her husband was away. Matilda lived to see her daughter Matilda become Holy Roman Empress but died two years before the drowning of her son William. Henry remarried, but had no further legitimate children, which caused a succession crisis known as The Anarchy. Matilda is buried in Westminster Abbey and was fondly remembered by her subjects as "Matilda the Good Queen" and "Matilda of Blessed Memory".
There was an attempt to have her canonized, not pursued. Matilda was born around 1080 in Dunfermline, the daughter of the Scottish king Malcolm III and the Anglo-Saxon princess Saint Margaret, she was christened Edith, with the Anglo-Norman prince Robert Curthose standing as godfather at the ceremony. The English queen Matilda of Flanders was present at the baptismal font and served as her godmother. Edith pulled at Queen Matilda's headdress, seen as an omen that the infant would be queen one day; the Life of St Margaret, Queen of Scotland was written for Matilda by Turgot of Durham. It refers to her relationship with her mother. In it, Margaret is loving mother, she did not spare the rod when it came to raising her children in virtue, which the author presupposed was the reason for the good behaviour Matilda and her siblings displayed, Margaret stressed the importance of piety. When she was about six years old and her sister Mary were sent to Romsey Abbey, near Southampton in southern England, where their maternal aunt Cristina was abbess.
During her stay at Romsey and, some time before 1093, at Wilton Abbey, both institutions known for learning, the Scottish princess was much sought-after as a bride. Hériman of Tournai claimed, her education went beyond the standard feminine pursuits. This was not surprising, her daughters learned English and some Latin, were sufficiently literate to read St. Augustine and the Bible. In 1093, her parents betrothed Edith to Lord of Richmond, one of her numerous suitors. However, before the marriage took place, her father entered into a dispute with William Rufus. In response, he marauded the English king's lands where he was surprised by Robert de Mowbray, Earl of Northumbria and killed along with his son, Edward. Upon hearing of her husband and son's death, Queen Margaret died on 16 November. Edith was now an orphan, she was abandoned by her betrothed who ran off with a daughter of Harold Godwinson, Gunhild of Wessex. However, he died. Edith had left the monastery by 1093, when Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury, wrote to the Bishop of Salisbury ordering that the daughter of the King of Scotland be returned to the monastery that she had left.
She did not return to Wilton and until 1100, is unaccounted for in chronicles. After William II's death in the New Forest in August 1100, his brother, Henry seized the royal treasury and crown, his next task was to marry and Henry's choice was Matilda. Because Matilda had spent most of her life in a convent, there was some controversy over whether she was a nun and thus canonically ineligible for marriage. During her time at Romsey Abbey, her maternal aunt Cristina, forced her to wear the veil. Henry sought permission for the marriage from Archbishop Anselm, who returned to England in September 1100 after a long exile. Professing himself unwilling to decide so weighty a matter on his own, Anselm called a council of bishops in order to determine the canonical legality of the proposed marriage. Matilda testified that she had never taken holy vows, insisting that her parents
Matilda is a book by British writer Roald Dahl. It was published in 1988 by Jonathan Cape in London, with 232 pages and illustrations by Quentin Blake, it was adapted as an audio reading by actress Kate Winslet, a 1996 feature film directed by Danny DeVito, a two-part BBC Radio 4 programme starring Lauren Mote as Matilda, Emerald O'Hanrahan as Miss Honey, Nichola McAuliffe as Miss Trunchbull and narrated by Lenny Henry, a 2010 musical. In 2012 Matilda was ranked number 30 among all-time children's novels in a survey published by School Library Journal, a monthly with US audience, it was the first of four books by Dahl among the Top 100, more than any other writer. Worldwide sales have reached 17 million, since 2016 sales have spiked to the extent that it outsells Dahl's other works. In a small Buckinghamshire village, Matilda Wormwood is a five-and-half-year-old girl of unusual precocity, but her parents treat her with disdain, she resorts to pranks such as gluing her father's hat to his head, hiding a friend's parrot in the chimney to simulate a burglar or ghost, secretly bleaching her father's hair, to get revenge on her parents for being so mean to her.
Matilda has read a variety of books by different authors at the age of four, when she read many in six months. At school, Matilda befriends her teacher, Jennifer Honey, astonished by Matilda's intellectual abilities, she tries to move her into a higher class but is refused by the headmistress, the tyrannical Miss Agatha Trunchbull. Miss Honey tries to talk to Mr. and Mrs. Wormwood about Matilda's intelligence, but they ignore her. Matilda develops a strong bond with Miss Honey and watches as Miss Trunchbull terrorizes her students with deliberately creative, over-the-top punishments to prevent parents from believing them; when Matilda's friend, plays a practical joke on Miss Trunchbull by placing a newt in her jug of water, Matilda uses an unexpected power of telekinesis to tip the glass of water containing the newt onto Miss Trunchbull. After Matilda reveals her powers to Miss Honey, Miss Honey confides that she was raised by an abusive aunt after the suspicious death of her father, her aunt is revealed to be Miss Trunchbull, who appears to be withholding her niece's inheritance so that Miss Honey has to live in poverty in a derelict farm cottage.
Preparing to avenge Miss Honey, Matilda develops her telekinetic gift through practice at home. During a lesson that Miss Trunchbull is teaching, Matilda telekinetically raises a piece of chalk to the blackboard and writes on it, posing as the spirit of Miss Honey's late father and demanding that Miss Trunchbull hand over Miss Honey's house and wages and leave the region forever; this is soon done, a short while the school's deputy head teacher, Mr. Trilby, visits Miss Trunchbull's house but finds it empty with no sign of her next destination; as Mr. Trilby becomes the new head of the school, he proves himself to be capable and good-natured, with the result that Matilda herself advances to the highest level of schooling. Rather to her relief, she is no longer capable of telekinesis. Matilda continues to visit Miss Honey at her house but one day finds her parents and her older brother Michael hastily packing to escape from the police, who are after her father for selling stolen cars. Matilda asks permission to live with Miss Honey.
So both she and Miss Honey find their happy ending, the school's atmosphere and curriculum have overwhelmingly improved under Mr. Trilby. Mr. Wormwood was based on a real-life character from Roald Dahl's home village of Great Missenden in Buckinghamshire; the library in Great Missenden was the inspiration for Mrs Phelps' library, where Matilda devours classic literature by the age of four and three months. The novel was made into the film Matilda in 1996, it starred Mara Wilson as Matilda, was directed by Danny DeVito, who portrayed Mr. Wormwood and narrated the story. Although the film was not a box office success, it received critical acclaim at the time of its release, on Rotten Tomatoes has a score of 90% based on reviews from 21 critics. In 1990, the Redgrave Theatre in Farnham produced a musical version, adapted by Rony Robinson with music by Ken Howard and Alan Blaikley, which toured the UK, it starred Annabelle Lanyon as Matilda and Jonathan Linsley as Miss Trunchbull, had mixed reviews.
A second musical version of the novel, Matilda the Musical, written by Dennis Kelly and Tim Minchin and commissioned by the Royal Shakespeare Company, premiered in November 2010. It opened at the Cambridge Theatre in the West End on 24 November 2011, it opened on Broadway on 11 April 2013 at the Shubert Theatre. The musical opened in July 2015 in Australia; the stage version has become hugely popular with audiences and praised by critics, won multiple Olivier Awards in the UK and Tony Awards in the US. One critic called it "the best British musical since Billy Elliot"; the actress Kate Winslet provides the English-language audiobook recording of Matilda. In 2014, the American Library Association shortlisted her for an Odyssey Award for her audiobook performance. On 27 November 2018, Netflix was revealed to be adapting Matilda as an animated series, which will be part of an "animated event series" along with other Roald Dahl books such as The BFG, The Twits, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. One of Miss Trunchbull's punishments is to force an overweight child, Bruce Bogtrotter, to eat an enormous chocolate cake, which makes him so full that he cannot move.
He had been found guilty of stealing cake from the kitchen. In Roald Dahl's Revolting Recipes
Matilda the Musical
Matilda the Musical is a stage musical based on the 1988 children's novel of the same name by Roald Dahl. It was adapted by Dennis Kelly, with music and lyrics by Tim Minchin; the musical's narrative centres on Matilda, a precocious 5-year-old girl with the gift of telekinesis, who loves reading, overcomes obstacles caused by her family and school, helps her teacher to reclaim her life. After a twelve-week trial run staged by the Royal Shakespeare Company at Stratford-upon-Avon from November 2010 to January 2011, it received its West End premiere on 24 November 2011 at the Cambridge Theatre and its Broadway premiere on 11 April 2013 at the Shubert Theatre. Matilda has received widespread critical acclaim and box-office popularity, winning seven 2012 Olivier Awards, including Best New Musical—at the time, the most such awards won by a single show. At the 2013 Olivier Awards, the show jointly held the record with the play The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time before both were overtaken by Harry Potter and the Cursed Child in 2017 with 9 awards, however Matilda still holds the record for most Olivier awards won by a musical, tying with Hamilton in 2018.
At the 2013 Tony Awards, the show won five awards, including the Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical. In 2009, the Royal Shakespeare Company announced its intention to stage a musical adaptation of Matilda, engaging Dennis Kelly as playwright, Tim Minchin as the composer and lyricist, Matthew Warchus as director, Chris Nightingale as orchestrator and music supervision, Rob Howell as set designer and Paul Kieve as illusionist and special effects creator; the musical opened at the Courtyard Theatre in Stratford-upon-Avon, England, on 9 December 2010 following previews from 9 November. The show was choreographed by Peter Darling. Bertie Carvel played Miss Trunchbull, with Paul Kaye and Josie Walker as Matilda's parents Mr and Mrs Wormwood, Lauren Ward as Miss Honey. Three young actresses, Adrianna Bertola, Josie Griffiths and Kerry Ingram, alternated in the title role; the show ended its premiere engagement on 30 January 2011. In 2011, the musical received its West End debut at London's Cambridge Theatre.
The show was scheduled to begin previews on 18 October 2011, but because of structural and installation work at the theatre, the start of the performances was delayed until 25 October. The opening night was postponed from 22 November to 24 November; the musical opened in London to uniformly positive reviews. Many of the principal adult cast from the Stratford run reprised their roles in London. Eleanor Worthington Cox, Cleo Demetriou, Sophia Kiely and Kerry Ingram—the only one to reprise her role from Stratford at this time —rotated in the title role. In October 2011, Matilda won Best Musical and Best Actor in the Theatre Awards UK, in November 2011 it won the Ned Sherrin Award for Best Musical as part of The Evening Standard Awards; the production was nominated in all 10 categories for which it was eligible at the 2012 Olivier Awards. The four Matildas performed "Naughty" at the awards show. Matilda won 7 Oliviers: Best New Musical, Best Director, Best Actor in a Musical, Best Actress in a Musical, Best Theatre Choreographer, Best Set Design and Best Sound Design.
This was a record number for any show in the event's 36-year history. In April 2012, Steve Furst and Haley Flaherty took over the roles of Mr. Wormwood and Miss Honey from Kaye and Ward. Two of the original London Matildas were replaced by Isobelle Molloy. Bertie Carvel left in July 2012 and the role of Miss Trunchbull was filled by David Leonard, although he did not start until the main cast change in August because of injury. Four new girls joined. On 19 November 2012, the London cast were invited to perform at the 100th "Royal Variety Performance" for television station ITV, broadcast live on 3 December, they performed "When I Grow Up" and "Naughty" with Chloe in the lead role, with the other 3 girls appearing in the announcement of the performance. In March 2013, Hayley Canham left the show and was replaced as Matilda by Elise Blake and Cristina Fray. Lucy-Mae Beacock left in early May 2013; the next cast change occurred in September 2013. This time most of the adult cast changed, along with Chloe Hawthorn.
Two new Matildas—Lollie McKenzie and Georgia Pemberton—started the following week. Lara Wollington stayed for another four weeks, finishing on 29 September—making her run the longest of any Matilda, she held that title until October 2017; the cast opened the 2013 Children in Need appeal. They performed a medley, with Georgia as Matilda. Of the Matildas only Lollie McKenzie stayed during the cast change in March 2014; this cast change started with the departure of Elise Blake on 9 March along with other child cast members. She was replaced by Tasha Chapple. Fray and Pemberton were replaced by two new Matildas, Cara Jenkins and Lottie Sicilia, who debuted in the role in the following weeks, on 18 March and 25 March respectively. During this time, both Lollie and Lottie performed the song "Naughty" at West End Live. McKenzie and Jenkins departed the show on 5 October. Two new Matildas -- Matilda Shapland and Violet Tucker -- debuted in the roles on 19 September. Shapland was in Les Misérables, while Tucker had her West End debut in the title role.
Of the Matildas only Shapland and Tucker stayed during the cast chan
Empress Matilda known as the Empress Maude, was one of the claimants to the English throne during the civil war known as the Anarchy. The daughter of King Henry I of England, she moved to Germany as a child when she married the future Holy Roman Emperor Henry V, she travelled with her husband into Italy in 1116, was controversially crowned in St. Peter's Basilica, acted as the imperial regent in Italy. Matilda and Henry had no children, when Henry died in 1125, the crown was claimed by Lothair II, one of his political enemies. Meanwhile, Matilda's younger brother, William Adelin, died in the White Ship disaster of 1120, leaving England facing a potential succession crisis. On Emperor Henry V's death, Matilda was recalled to Normandy by her father, who arranged for her to marry Geoffrey of Anjou to form an alliance to protect his southern borders. Henry I had no further legitimate children and nominated Matilda as his heir, making his court swear an oath of loyalty to her and her successors, but the decision was not popular in the Anglo-Norman court.
Henry died in 1135, but Matilda and Geoffrey faced opposition from the Norman barons and were unable to pursue their claims. The throne was instead taken by Matilda's cousin Stephen of Blois, who enjoyed the backing of the English Church. Stephen took steps to solidify his new regime but faced threats both from neighbouring powers and from opponents within his kingdom. In 1139, Matilda crossed to England to take the kingdom by force, supported by her half-brother, Robert of Gloucester, her uncle, King David I of Scotland, while Geoffrey focused on conquering Normandy. Matilda's forces captured Stephen at the Battle of Lincoln in 1141, but the Empress's attempt to be crowned at Westminster collapsed in the face of bitter opposition from the London crowds; as a result of this retreat, Matilda was never formally declared Queen of England, was instead titled the Lady of the English. Robert was captured following the Rout of Winchester in 1141, Matilda agreed to exchange him for Stephen. Matilda became trapped in Oxford Castle by Stephen's forces that winter, was forced to escape across the frozen River Isis at night to avoid capture.
The war degenerated into a stalemate, with Matilda controlling much of the south-west of England, Stephen the south-east and the Midlands. Large parts of the rest of the country were in the hands of independent barons. Matilda returned to Normandy, now in the hands of her husband, in 1148, leaving her eldest son to continue the campaign in England, she settled her court near Rouen and for the rest of her life concerned herself with the administration of Normandy, acting on Henry's behalf when necessary. In the early years of her son's reign, she provided political advice and attempted to mediate during the Becket controversy, she worked extensively with the Church, founding Cistercian monasteries, was known for her piety. She was buried under the high altar at Bec Abbey after her death in 1167. Matilda was born to Henry I, King of England and Duke of Normandy, his first wife, Matilda of Scotland around 7 February 1102 at Sutton Courtenay in Oxfordshire. Henry was the youngest son of William the Conqueror, who had invaded England in 1066, creating an empire stretching into Wales.
The invasion had created an Anglo-Norman elite, many with estates spread across both sides of the English Channel. These barons had close links to the kingdom of France, a loose collection of counties and smaller polities, under only the minimal control of the king, her mother Matilda was the daughter of King Malcolm III of Scotland, a member of the West Saxon royal family, a descendant of Alfred the Great. For Henry, marrying Matilda of Scotland had given his reign increased legitimacy, for her it had been an opportunity for high status and power in England. Matilda had a younger, legitimate brother, William Adelin, her father's relationships with numerous mistresses resulted in around 22 illegitimate siblings. Little is known about Matilda's earliest life, but she stayed with her mother, was taught to read, was educated in religious morals. Among the nobles at her mother's court were her uncle David the King of Scotland, aspiring nobles such as her half-brother Robert of Gloucester, her cousin Stephen of Blois and Brian Fitz Count.
In 1108 Henry left Matilda and her brother in the care of Anselm, the Archbishop of Canterbury, while he travelled to Normandy. There is no detailed description of Matilda's appearance. In late 1108 or early 1109, Henry V the King of the Romans, sent envoys to Normandy proposing that Matilda marry him, wrote separately to her mother on the same matter; the match was attractive to the English king: his daughter would be marrying into one of the most prestigious dynasties in Europe, reaffirming his own questionable, status as the youngest son of a new royal house, gaining him an ally in dealing with France. In return, Henry V would receive a dowry of 10,000 marks, which he needed to fund an expedition to Rome for his coronation as the Holy Roman Emperor; the final details of the deal were negotiated at Westminster in June 1109 and, as a result of her changing status, Matilda attended a royal council for the first time that October. She left England in February 1110 to make her way to Germany; the couple met at Liège before travelling to Utrecht where, on 10 April, they became betrothed.
On 25 July Matilda was crowned Queen of the Romans in a ceremony at Mainz. There
Matilda (1996 film)
Matilda is a 1996 American fantasy comedy film directed by Danny DeVito, who produced with Michael Shamberg, Stacey Sher, Lucy Dahl. It was written based on Roald Dahl's novel of the same name. Mara Wilson, DeVito, Rhea Perlman, Embeth Davidtz, Pam Ferris star; the film is about a young genius named Matilda Wormwood, who uses telekinesis to deal with her parents and older brother, who do not value education, Agatha Trunchbull, the oppressive principal of Crunchem Hall Elementary School. The film was released in the United States on August 2, 1996. Matilda Wormwood is a genius, but her parents and Zinnia, her brother Michael ignore and mistreat her. Since infancy, Matilda has displayed incredible learning ability and develops a strong sense of independence due to her being left alone at home every weekday when her father is at work, her mother is playing bingo, Michael is at school. To pass the time, Matilda learns the route to the public library to read books and finds solace in the fantasy worlds the books provide.
At age six-and-a-half, Matilda begins to lose patience with her parents, expressing a desire to go to school, which her parents refuse blatantly and tease her. In retaliation for her father berating her, she resolves to punish him each time, first by adding hydrogen peroxide to his hair tonic to turn his hair an unhealthy blonde, gluing his hat to his head after discovering his cheating car business. Coincidentally, unlucky things begin to happen around Harry. For instance, when reading a borrowed library copy of Moby-Dick, which Harry rips up and makes her watch television instead, her increasing anger causes the television set to explode. Harry relents to letting Matilda go to school after selling a car to Miss Agatha Trunchbull, the tyrannical principal of a rundown elementary school, Crunchem Hall. There, Matilda befriends several children and discovers Miss Trunchbull's violent nature and overly harsh punishments of the students who have gone unsanctioned by the authorities. Thankfully, Matilda's teacher, Miss Jennifer Honey, is a kind woman who adores her class and takes an immediate liking to Matilda's gentle and humble nature despite her incredible genius.
She requests to Miss Trunchbull that Matilda to be moved up to a higher class, but Miss Trunchbull refuses. That night, Miss Honey pays the Wormwoods a visit to tell them about Matilda's genius-level understanding of her schoolwork and suggests that she be put in the higher-level classes; the Wormwoods, dismiss Miss Honey and sneer at the idea of their daughter being smart enough for college. Meanwhile, Matilda discovers that her family is under surveillance by FBI agents Bob and Bill due to her father's illegal dealings, but her parents refuse to believe her, as the agents have fooled Zinnia into thinking they are speedboat salesmen and Harry assumes that Zinnia is cheating on him with the two men. Matilda soon discovers Trunchbull's weekly "checkups" to belittle the students; as a prank, one of Matilda's friends, places a newt in Miss Trunchbull's water jug to frighten her. Upon discovery of the newt, Miss Trunchbull accuses Matilda, whose anger at the injustice leads her to telekinetically tip the glass over, splashing both water and the newt onto Miss Trunchbull.
Afterward, Miss Honey invites Matilda to her house for tea. On the way, they pass by Miss Trunchbull's house, Miss Honey reveals a secret of hers: when she was two, her mother died, so her father, Magnus, a doctor, invited his stepsister-in-law, Miss Trunchbull, to live with them and look after her. However, Miss Trunchbull abused her while her father was at work; when Miss Honey was five, Magnus left everything to Miss Trunchbull. She moved into a small cottage where she planted hundreds of wildflowers, she and Matilda sneak into Miss Trunchbull's house while she is out to obtain some of Miss Honey's belongings, but Miss Trunchbull's unexpected return leads to a cat-and-mouse chase, with them only escaping without revealing themselves. When Matilda's telekinetic powers manifest again during an argument with her father, she trains herself to use them at her own will, from making objects fly around the house to thwar the FBI agents who threaten to put Matilda in a federal orphanage if she doesn't turn her father in for his shady business deals.
She returns to Miss Trunchbull's house and uses her telekinesis to wreak havoc in an attempt to scare her away. She flees, but Miss Trunchbull finds Matilda's hair ribbon and realizes her presence; the following day, Matilda reveals her powers to Miss Honey, Miss Trunchbull visits Miss Honey's class again to get Matilda to admit her guilt. Matilda magically writes a message on the blackboard, posing as the ghost of Magnus, accusing Miss Trunchbull of murdering him and demanding she returns his daughter's property. Miss Trunchbull goes berserk and attacks the students, but Matilda keeps them out of harm's way with her powers, together they force her out of the school permanently. Miss Honey subsequently moves back into her father's house and Matilda is a frequent visitor; the FBI uncovers enough evidence to prosecute Harry and the Wormwoods prepare to flee to Guam. They stop by Miss Honey's house to pick up Matilda, but she refuses to go with them and suggests Miss Honey adopt her. At that moment, a remorseful Zinnia laments over not understanding her daughter and regrets that she didn't treat her better and does the one loving thing she can do as a parent: sign the adoption papers Matilda had kept since she was a child, convinces Harry to sign them as well.
They escape and Matilda lives a happy