Lilydale is a suburb of Melbourne, Australia, 35 km north-east from Melbourne's central business district situated in the Yarra Valley. At the 2016 census, Lilydale had a population of 15,530, it began as a town within the Shire of Lillydale and is notable as the burial site of Dame Nellie Melba. It is both a residential area of metropolitan Melbourne and an industrial area on the city's rural-urban fringe; some prefer to believe the town was named after an 1852 song "Lilly Dale" by H. S. Thompson but evidence shows it was named after an early settler, Lilly de Castella. Most of Victoria has been named with traditional Aboriginal names. Lilly de Castella was one of four daughters of Colonel Joseph wife Mary. Joseph Anderson was one of eight nominated members of Victoria's first parliament. Lilly was born Elizabeth Anne on Norfolk Island, where her father was commandant from 1835 to 1839. Lilly was a typical Victorian pet-name for girls named Elizabeth; the family settled in South Yarra in 1848 and were friends of Lieutenant-Governor Charles La Trobe and his wife Sophie.
Mary Anderson was a pioneer member of the Melbourne Mechanics Institute. Colonel Anderson was a close friend of Crown Surveyor Clement Hodgkinson and was a pallbearer at the funeral of Governor Hotham, who died on 31 December 1855. Lilly married Paul de Castella in 1856. Anderson Street in Lilydale was named after the Colonel, the parallel Castella Street was named after his son-in-law, Lilly's husband Paul. Lillydale township was surveyed in 1860 by Clement Hodgkinson; the Post Office opened on 1 September 1860 as Brushy Creek, was renamed Lillydale in 1861 and Lilydale around 1872. The Lilydale Hotel opened in 1862; the railway came to town with the opening of the station in 1882. The first town hall was built in 1888 along with the Mechanics Institute Free Library building. Lilydale has an active CFA volunteer fire brigade, first established in 1905. There was an unregistered brigade dating back to the 1880s prior to this; the brigade has a satellite station in Chirnside Park. Lilydale has franchises of McDonald's and KFC.
Lilydale has shopping centres named'Lilydale Marketplace' and'The Lilydale Village' as well as shops on both sides of Main Street. There is a'Baby Bunnings', many other commercial shops. Lilydale station is the terminus for the Lilydale railway line offering half hourly metropolitan rail services. A bus station and taxi rank operates from the railway station servicing many of Melbourne's far eastern suburbs. Lilydale has segregated bicycle facilities including the start of the Lilydale to Warburton Rail Trail which follows the course of the Lilydale-Warburton railway line, built in 1901 but closed in 1964. Coldstream Airport is located 5 km north east in Coldstream which has a sealed, all-weather strip to service the area with recreation and fire bombing flying facilities for the local community. Coldstream Airport is home to Yarra Valley Flight Training, Coldstream Flyers Club and ACMA - Australian Centre for Mission Aviation. Lilydale Airport is located in Yering 5 km north of Lilydale, it is for use by local pilots.
There was a campus of Swinburne University of Technology, which offered TAFE and university courses, since announcing closure other institutes have come forward wanting to run the facilities. Box Hill Institute and the Centre for Adult Education opened their John St Lilydale Community Campus in 2015 offering the people of Lilydale and surrounding districts access to more than 20 quality accredited, short courses and pre-accredited pathway programs. On 15 February 2016 Box Hill Institute reopened the much larger former Swinburne campus as the Lilydale Lakeside Campus offering vocational training, TAFE and higher education. Lilydale has four main secondary schools: Lilydale High School, Mount Lilydale Mercy College, Lilydale Heights College, Lilydale Adventist Academy. Many primary schools are located in the suburb as well. Other institutions based in Lilydale include the Yarra Ranges Regional Museum, Australia offices for Institute in Basic Life Principles and Advanced Training Institute. Olinda Creek runs through Lilydale having its source in the nearby Dandenong Ranges and is a tributary of the Yarra River.
Lilydale is well known for Lillydale Lake, a recreational area where children play and learn about the wetlands environment. Surrounding the lake are modern housing estates, such as Lakeview Estate. A popular ground covering product from the long established quarry on the edge of the town, used in pathways, driveways and composed of crushed limestone of varying grades, is commercially and popularly known as "Lilydale Toppings"; the town is mentioned in the Augie March song The Cold Acre. In Miss Fisher's Murder Mysteries Series 3 episode Death at the Grand, Phryne arranges to have her troublesome father, housed there until leaving the country, saying "Even you can't get yourself into trouble in Lilydale." The suburb has an Australian Rules football team, The Lilydale Falcons, competing in the Eastern Football League. It has a cricket team, competing in the Ringwood District Cricket Association. Notable people from or having lived in Lilydale include: Elizabeth Catherine Usher AO, pioneering speech therapist Lilydale Airport
Kalorama is a suburb in Melbourne, Australia, 35 km east of Melbourne's central business district. Its local government area is the Shire of Yarra Ranges. At the 2006 Census, Kalorama had a population of 1,157; the suburb was first settled by Europeans around 1855 when Isaac Jeeves, Mathew Child and Jabez Richardson took up selections. The traditional custodians of the area are the Wurundjeri of the Kulin nation; the Post Office opened on 1 October 1909, but was known as Hand's Corner until 1910 Mount Dandenong North until 1926. The area, renowned for its beauty, is the site of a famous lookout point named "Five Ways" which overlooks Kalorama Park, Silvan Reservoir, the National Rhododendron Gardens, the R. J. Hamer Arboretum. Nearby attractions include William Ricketts Sanctuary, Olinda Falls, a gallery, a range of tea-rooms and stores; the forests of the region are dominated by various eucalypt species including mountain ash, the tallest known angiosperm. The local wet sclerophyll forests form habitat for many species of native bird including the superb lyrebird which can be sometimes heard voicing its characteristic mimicry from the deeper gullies and south-eastern aspects.
The area has featured in the work including Sir Arthur Streeton. Media related to Kalorama, Victoria at Wikimedia Commons
Chirnside Park, Victoria
Chirnside Park is a suburb in Melbourne, Australia, 33 km north-east from Melbourne's central business district. Its local government area is the Shire of Yarra Ranges. At the 2006 Census, Chirnside Park had a population of 9092. From 1838 the area formed part of an extensive grazing grant, developed further by a succession of owners up until the 1920s; the original sub-division of Chirnside Park was, at that time, known as Mooroolbark Park. Around 1000 acres of rich black basaltic soil was grazed and cultivated, watered from two perpetual springs. In 1921 George Chirnside sold Werribee Park, moving the family's stud herds and the contents of Werribee Mansion to Mooroolbark Park. After George Chirnside's death in 1941, permission to sell the estate was given in 1950 and finalised some years later. Subdivision was approved by the Shire of Lillydale in 1956 with the residential area, centred on the two storey stone homestead, country club and golf course, named Chirnside Park in 1962 in honour of Thomas Chirnside, who founded the Chirnside empire in 1839.
Amadeo DeVincentiis, an Italian from Abruzzo owned great swathes of what is now known as Chirnside Park. However, he sold it for a paltry amount in the 1960s, within years the fortunate purchasers stood to make thousands. Amadeo failed. Formally West Lilydale, the surrounding region became known as Chirnside Park in the 1970s, the Post Office opening on 25 September 1979. Nominally a suburb, Chirnside Park is a satellite community of Lilydale, thus the services that cannot be met in the nearby shopping complex are found elsewhere. The residential area was structured around the large 18-hole golf course, although this has now been closed and a new estate known as Cloverlea has commenced construction, with dwellings on the North Eastern corner now completed. Further residential development exists to the north; some new medical facilities have arrived recently. Chirnside Park Family Clinic is one of them. In area, most of the'suburb' still retains a rural flavour, extending well into the Yarra Valley to the north, with commercial wineries and livestock farming, as well as large area residential estates.
The Heritage Golf and Country Club, designed by Jack Nicklaus nestles in the northwest corner of the suburb directly on the Yarra River. Chirnside Park Shopping Centre Private Schools: Oxley College. Most Private Schools offer P-12 education. Government Schools Chirnside Park Primary School The suburb has an Australian Rules football team, The Chirnside Park Panthers, competing in the Eastern Football League. Tennis and Lawn Bowls are on offer at the Chirnside Park Country Club on Kingswood Drive Chirnside Park is the home of the St Edmunds Basketball Club, one of Australia's largest basketball clubs, based out of the Oxley Stadium, competing in the Kilsyth & Mountain District Basketball Association; the Chirnside Park Cricket club competes in the Ringwood District Cricket Association. Formed in 1983, the'Panthers' are one of the largest clubs in the association fielding 5 senior teams, 7 junior teams and a strong Milo competition. St Edmunds'Saints' Basketball Club Oxley College Co-Educational Christian School Australian Places - Chirnside Park Chirnside Park Primary School Chirnside Park Family Clinic
Gaffneys Creek, Victoria
Gaffneys Creek is a former mining locality situated between Jamieson and Woods Point in Victoria, Australia. It is located at the junction of Gaffney and Raspberry Creeks in a steep valley in mountainous terrain, it is situated in the Shire of Mansfield on the unsealed Mansfield - Woods Point Rd. A prospector from the Big River area to the east, Terence "Red" Gaffney, was the first to search the area for gold, followed by two others who discovered alluvial gold at Raspberry Creek in 1859. A string of small villages appeared in the valley, these were subsequently amalgamated and collectively named Lauraville by the Government Surveyor in honour of his wife, Laura; the Post Office opened on 1 January 1862 and closed in 1981. A Lauraville Office was open from 1902 until 1910; the name "Lauraville" was changed to Gaffneys Creek in 1900. Alluvial mining was replaced by reef mining, but none of these mines were to achieve the success of the nearby A1 Mine Settlement and by the turn of the century the population had dwindled.
In 1980 the area of the original valley settlements was placed on the Register of the National Estate as a Conservation Area including early miners' cottages, a hall, stone retaining walls and a hotel which succumbed to a fire in 1993. In 1993, two escaped prisoners, Archie Butterley and Peter Gibb from the Melbourne Remand Centre, a prison guard who assisted them to escape, drive to Gaffney's Creek to hide out, they stayed at the Gaffney's Creek Hotel and on the morning of March 12 a fire started in their room which resulted in the hotel being destroyed. In 2006 Gaffneys Creek was threatened by bushfires. About half of the residents of Gaffneys Creek stayed to defend their homes. However, not much of the town remains anymore except a couple of houses which survived including two historic gold-era cottages; the town's community hall was destroyed and the whole area was burnt including A1 Mine Settlement and Ten Mile. The population within the locality has declined over the years: 1865: 1000 1871: 502 1911: 274 1954: 91 Media related to Gaffneys Creek, Victoria at Wikimedia Commons Geoscience Australia place names: Gaffneys Creek Picman database: Photograph of Gaffneys Creek in 1900
Postcodes in Australia
Postcodes are used in Australia to more efficiently sort and route mail within the Australian postal system. Postcodes in Australia are placed at the end of the Australian address. Postcodes were introduced in Australia in 1967 by the Postmaster-General's Department and are now managed by Australia Post, are published in booklets available from post offices or online from the Australia Post website. Australian envelopes and postcards have four square boxes printed in orange at the bottom right for the postcode; these are used. Postcodes were introduced in Australia in 1967 by the Postmaster-General's Department to replace earlier postal sorting systems, such as Melbourne's letter and number codes and a similar system used in rural and regional New South Wales; the introduction of the postcodes coincided with the introduction of a large-scale mechanical mail sorting system in Australia, starting with the Sydney GPO. By 1968, 75% of mail was using postcodes, in the same year post office preferred-size envelopes were introduced, which came to be referred to as “standard envelopes”.
Postcode squares were introduced in June 1990 to enable Australia Post to use optical character recognition software in its mail sorting machines to automatically and more sort mail by postcodes. Australian postcodes consist of four digits, are written after the name of the city, suburb, or town, the state or territory: Mr John Smith 100 Flushcombe Road BLACKTOWN NSW 2148When writing an address by hand, a row of four boxes is pre-printed on the lower right hand corner of an envelope, the postcode may be written in the boxes. If addressing a letter from outside Australia, the postcode is recorded before'Australia'. Australian postcodes are sorting information, they are linked with one area. Due to post code rationalisation, they can be quite complex in country areas; the south-western Victoria 3221 postcode of the Geelong Mail Centre includes twenty places around Geelong with few people. This means that mail for these places is not sorted until it gets to Geelong; some postcodes cover large populations, while other postcodes have much smaller populations in urban areas.
Australian postcodes range from 0200 for the Australian National University to 9944 for Cannonvale, Queensland. Some towns and suburbs have two postcodes — one for street deliveries and another for post office boxes. For example, a street address in the Sydney suburb of Parramatta would be written like this: Mr John Smith 99 George Street PARRAMATTA NSW 2150But mail sent to a PO Box in Parramatta would be addressed: Mr John Smith PO Box 99 PARRAMATTA NSW 2124Many large businesses, government departments and other institutions receiving high volumes of mail had their own postcode as a Large Volume Receiver, e.g. the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital has the postcode 4029, the Australian National University had the postcode 0200. More postcode ranges were made available for LVRs in the 1990s. Australia Post has been progressively discontinuing the LVR programme since 2006; the first one or two numbers show the state or territory that the postcode belongs to Sometimes near the state and territory borders, Australia Post finds it easier to send mail through a nearby post office, across the border: Some of the postcodes above may cover two or more states.
For example, postcode 2620 covers both a locality in NSW as well as a locality in the ACT, postcode 0872 covers a number of localities across WA, SA, NT and QLD. Three locations straddle the NSW-Queensland border. Jervis Bay Territory, once an exclave of the ACT but now a separate territory, is geographically located on the coast of NSW, it is just south of the towns of Huskisson, with which it shares a postcode. Mail to the Jervis Bay Territory is still addressed to the ACT; the numbers used to show the state on each radio callsign in Australia are the same number as the first number for postcodes in that state, e.g. 2xx in New South Wales, 3xx in Victoria, etc. Radio callsigns pre-date postcodes in Australia by more than forty years. Australia's external territories are included in Australia Post's postcode system. While these territories do not belong to any state, they are addressed as such for mail sorting: Three scientific bases in Antarctica operated by the Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions share a postcode with the isolated sub-Antarctic island of Macquarie Island: Each state's capital city ends with three zeroes, while territorial capital cities end with two zeroes.
Capital city postcodes were the lowest postcodes in their state or territory range, before new ranges for LVRs and PO Boxes were made available. The last number can be changed from "0" to "1" to get the postcode for General Post Office boxes in any capital city: While the first number of a postcode shows the state or territory, the second number shows a region within the state. However, postcodes with the same second number are not always next to each other; as an example, postcodes in the range 2200–2299 are split between the southern suburbs of Sydney and the Central Coast of New South Wales. Postcodes with a second number of "0" or "1" are always located within the metropolitan area of the state's capital city. Postcodes with higher secon
Electoral district of Eildon
The electoral district of Eildon is an electoral district of the Victorian Legislative Assembly in Australia. It was created in the redistribution of electoral boundaries in 2013, came into effect at the 2014 state election, it is a new district created due to the abolition of the districts of Seymour and Benalla, taking in area to the south of these districts toward the outer northeastern suburbs of Melbourne. It includes the towns of Eildon, Kinglake, Mansfield, Warburton and other towns in the Mansfield, Yarra Ranges and Nillumbik local government areas; the abolished seat of Seymour was held by Liberal MP Cindy McLeish, who retained the new seat at the 2014 election. District profile from the Victorian Electoral Commission
Woods Point, Victoria
Woods Point is a small town in Victoria, Australia and is located on the banks of the Goulburn River. At the 2006 census, Woods Point and the surrounding area had a population of 94; the town began as a general store built by Henry Wood, to service the gold diggings around the discovered Morning Star Reef. Wood's Point Post Office opened on 1 December 1862. By 1864, only three years after the discovery of the gold reef, the area had become a thriving town with 36 hotels; the town was subdivided into numerous suburbs, such as Waverly, Killarney and Morning Star Hill. Communication was established via a telegraph line to Jamieson, two local papers were in circulation. From the 1870s to 1890s, mining activity declined, the population dropped to between 100 and 200; the mining industry was revived in the 1890s, the population grew once again, with four hotels servicing the town. Much of the town had to be rebuilt following devastating bushfires in 1939; the Morning Star Mine continued operations until its closure in 1963.
The town now serves as a hub for recreational trail-bike and off-road four-wheel drive activities and contains one hotel and one general store/petrol station, Mini Golf course, tennis court and many camping areas, the most popular being J. H. Scott Reserve. There are three gold mines still active in the area surrounding the town; the town is still only accessible by dirt roads. Woods Point was again threatened by bushfire in December 2006 and a 2008 bushfire calendar has been released with proceeds going to the town; the general store in Woods Point closed its doors in late 2010 and a smaller version opened down the main street, just over the bridge. This store facilitates small diesel fuel sales while the Commercial Hotel is covering the unleaded fuel sales. Plenty of fuel for motorbikes. Morning Star, a publicly listed company, was operating the Morning Star mine, as well as other nearby projects, until it was placed into receivership in 2015. Media related to Woods Point, Victoria at Wikimedia Commons Geoscience Australia place names: Woods Point Australian Places: Woods Point