Colletorto is a comune in the Province of Campobasso in the Italian southern region of Molise, located about 45 kilometres from the capital of the region Campobasso and 40 kilometres from Termoli sea town with port and highway A14. Colletorto is situated on a hill 508 mt above sea level up to colle Crocella in the Fortore river valley on the "Monti Frentani". Near Colletorto is situated the Occhito lake, an artificial lake on the Fortore river that sign the limith with the Apulia region, the lake of Guardialfiera is 15 km away. Other important river on the territory are the torrent of Santa Maria and the Cigno river both branches of the Fortore river; the hills around Colletorto are divided in forest of oaks, mediterranean maquis, olive trees and fields of cereals and other agricultural products. The town is divided in two parts: the upper part is called "Colle" and the lower is named "Terra" with the main road and center "Corso Vittorio Emanuele", crossing the center there is the old town district "Campo dei Fiori" with the Parish church of Saint John the Baptist, the palace of marquis Rota and the Angioina tower, 25 m tall and built in 1369 by Queen Joanna I of Naples, with an amazing view from the terrace on the Gargano mountain, the Lesina lake, the Adriatic Sea and the Tremiti Islands.
Colletorto borders the following municipalities: Carlantino, Casalnuovo Monterotaro, San Giuliano di Puglia, Sant'Elia a Pianisi. Angevine Tower. Built in 1369 by Queen Joanna I of Naples, it is the main monument of Colletorto. Standing at 25 meters, it was built on an old Norman castle of. Since 1959 it is a possession of the local council, donated by a private family and the last restoration was in 2012. Palazzo Rota, now the Town Hall Parish Church of Saint John the Baptist Monastery and Church of Saint Alfonso de' Liguori Church of Purgatory, now deconsecrated Chapel of Our Lady of Loreto, situated on a hill 3 km away from Colletorto, surrounded by olive trees. Chapel of Saint Rocco, situated 2 km away from Colletorto, in the cemetery; the economy of Colletorto is based on agriculture, producing cereals and extra virgin olive oil of excellent quality. The "Oliva nera di Colletorto" is a native tree of Colletorto and his oil is necessary to produce the "DOP Molise". On the territory are present many oil mills, one paper factory and private workshops.
Under construction there is a health center for elderly persons. Colletorto is connected by public bus to the nearest towns and the mains in the Province of Campobasso; the closest train station is Bonefro-Santa Croce station 14 km away on the regional line Termoli–Venafro railway. Saint-Yrieix-sur-Charente, France Bari, Italy Pano Lefkara, Cyprus Xghajra, Malta Alsónémedi, Hungary Pelplin, Poland
Petrella Tifernina is a comune in the Province of Campobasso in the Italian region Molise, located about 13 kilometres north of Campobasso. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 1,280 and an area of 26.4 square kilometres. Petrella Tifernina borders the following municipalities: Castellino del Biferno, Lucito, Montagano; the "Campo Sportivo" is located at the base of this village. It has a bar/convenience store, as well as a sports complex, it has replaced the village's piazza as the main gathering place for its residents. Since the end of World War II until the 1970s, the town's population declined considerable due to emigration; the places of choice for these emigrants were the Canadian cities of Toronto. Giovanni Di Stefano was born in Petrella in 1955. Petrella is a surname within the United States. Giulia Di Stefano has ties to the area
Guardialfiera is a comune in the Province of Campobasso in the Italian region Molise, located about 30 kilometres northeast of Campobasso. It sits on a hilltop overlooking Lake Guardialfiera, created as a result of the damming of the Biferno river. Guardialfiera borders the following municipalities: Acquaviva Collecroce, Castelmauro, Civitacampomarano, Lupara, Palata; the town of Guardialfiera has been continuously inhabited since at least the 11th century. Reports exist; the origin of the town’s name is uncertain, although it is that the name is derived from either the “Guards of Alfier” or the “Guards of Adalferio”, named after the Lombard ruler of Larino who in 1049 conquered the town. In 1053 it is that Pope Leo IX used Guardialfiera as a base in order to launch an attack against the Normans who had occupied the nearby town of Larino in 1050. On June 18, 1053 the Norman Count of Apulia, Humphrey of Hauteville defeated Pope Leo IX at the Battle of Civitate; the Episcopal Seat of Guardialfiera was established in 1061 by Pope Alexander II in recognition of the town’s role in the events of 1053.
In 1130 the town was conquered by the Norman king Roger II of Sicily. Subsequently it was ruled by the Soliaco family until 1350 the Marzano family. In 1550 the land passed to the Di Capua family to the De Blaiis and in 1636 the Ferri, rulers of Lupara. In 1649 the last of the Ferri family died without any heirs and Guardialfiera was donated to Serafino Biscardi. In 1688 the town was rebuilt after it was destroyed by an earthquake. Constantino Lemaitre bought the town's land in 1793; the Lemaitre family were the last feudal lords to control Guardialfiera when the feudal system was suppressed in 1806. In the early part of the 20th century many individuals immigrated from Guardialfiera, to North America to Montreal, Quebec and Sudbury, Canada; the town's main church, Santa Maria Assunta, dates to at least the 11th century. Many ancient stones carved with pagan and early Christian iconographs dating to the 7th and 8th centuries were incorporated into the present structure, it was that these stones were part of a pagan temple that sat on the same site.
It is unclear if the present structure was standing at the time of Pope Leo IX’s visit in 1053, but the diocese records show that the designation of Santa Maria dell'Assunta was elevated to a cathedral in 1061 and was presided over a Bishop by the name of Peter. On April 7, 1751 relics of Saint Gaudentius were transported by two Capuchin friars from the catacombs of St. Priscilla to the Cathedral in Guardialfiera; these were given to Mons. Pasquale Zaini, the Bishop of Guardialfiera, by Pope Benedict XIV; the relics can still be seen today in Santa Maria dell'Assunta and are paraded through the town on the feast of San Gaudenzio. It remains unclear who Saint Gaudentius was, although from historical texts he is referred to as a martyr, it has been alternatively claimed that he was either the architect who designed the Flavian Amphitheater in Rome, or Saint Gaudentius of Rimini. After an earthquake in 1456, the cathedral was rebuilt and in 1460 a Holy Door was added to the north-east facing wall of the cathedral by Bishop Jacopo.
This is one of the few Holy Doors outside of Rome and is opened once every year during the feast of San Gaudenzio except during Jubilee Years when the Holy Doors in Rome are opened. In 1975 a medieval crypt was discovered during the restoration of the cathedral. Guardialfiera overlooks the artificial Lake Guardialfiera, created due to damming of the Biferno river in 1976–77. In ancient Roman times, the river was known as Tifernus; the rising waters of the lake submerged the bridge of Saint Anthony. It is believed by locals to be of Etruscan origin, but more was built by the Romans, was visible just north of the town. According to local lore, Hannibal used this bridge to move his army across the Biferno. Photos and statues of the bridge can be seen throughout Guardialfiera. Francesco Jovine, writer Carlo Romeo and member of the Neapolitan Republic of 1799, he was executed in Naples following the Bourbon repression after the fall of the republic. Guardialfiera is served by a railway station, the Casacalenda-Guardalfiera railway station, on the Termoli-Campobasso and Termoli–Venafro line
Gambatesa is a comune in the Province of Campobasso in the Italian region Molise, located about 20 kilometres southeast of Campobasso. Gambatesa borders the following municipalities: Celenza Valfortore, Macchia Valfortore, Riccia, Tufara
Campobasso is a city and comune in southern Italy, the capital of the region of Molise and of the province of Campobasso. It is located in the high basin of the Biferno river, surrounded by Matese mountains. Campobasso is renowned for the craftsmanship of blades, a fact well documented since the 14th century, it is famous for the production of pears and scamorza. The city is the home of of the Archdiocese of Campobasso-Boiano; the origins of Campobasso are disputed. According to the most held theory, the city was founded by the Lombards before the 8th century as a fortified camp on the slope of the hill where the castle stands; the original name was Campus vassorum, suggesting that the city was the seat of the vassals of the duke of Spoleto. After the Norman conquest of Southern Italy, Campobasso lost its importance as a defensive stronghold, but became a significant trading and administration centre. From 1330 to 1745 the city was ruled by the Monforte-Gambatesa family, who built the castle and established a mint.
It came under the control of the Di Capua, Vitagliano and Romano families. The original old town of Campobasso contains the Castello Monforte, although in 1732 the inhabitants built a new town on a lower-level plain. In 1763 the citizens settled in the lower valley; the current city was expanded in 1814 by the king of Naples Joachim Murat, lies on the Campo Basso. Campobasso was the scene of heavy fighting during the Second World War. In the months of October and November 1943 a battle between the German and the Canadian troops for possession of the city caused the destruction of many public buildings, including the City Hall and the archives held there. Thirty eight civilians were killed in the action, including the bishop of the diocese, Bishop Secondo Bologna, an unknown number of people were injured in the intensive bombardment; the occupation by the Canadian troops, the administrative and political control resulting, had such an impact on the town that it became known as “Canada Town” or “Maple Leaf City”.
In 1995 the city was awarded the Bronze Medal for Civil Valour in recognition of the hard work done in clearing the region of dangerous unexploded warheads, a task that lasted well into 1948. One of the mains attractions of Campobasso is the Castello Monforte, built in 1450 by the local ruler Nicola II Monforte, over Lombard or Norman ruins; the castle has Guelph merlons and stands on a commanding point, where traces of ancient settlements have been found. The current construction is the result of rebuilding after the earthquakes of 1456 and 1805. Next to the castle is the Chiesa della Madonna del Monte, erected in the 11th century and rebuilt in 1525, it houses a precious wooden statue of the Incoronata from 1334. Below the castle, the church of St. George is the oldest in Campobasso, built around the year 1000 AD over the ruins of a Pagan temple; the Cathedral, or Chiesa della Santissima Trinità, was built in 1504 outside the city walls. It was destroyed by an earthquake in 1805 and a new Neoclassical edifice was built in 1829.
The church of San Bartolomeo is a Romanesque building from the 11th century, in limestone. The interior has two aisles. San Leonardo has a façade mixing Gothic and Romanesque elements, a side mullioned window with vegetable decorations influenced by the Apulian architecture of the period. Villa de Capoa restored, is a noteworthy garden with statues and a wide variety of plant species, including sequoias, Norway Spruces and Lebanon Cedars. Campobasso is twinned with: Ottawa, Canada Lezhë, Albania Frontera Hidalgo, Mexico Mahopac, United States Vladimir, Russia Banja Luka and Herzegovina Campobasso railway station, managed by Centostazioni, is located in the centre of the city at the junction of two lines: that from Termoli to Vairano and the branch from Benevento. Road traffic is regulated by the State Road Sannitica, by the State Road SS645 Del Tappino and by the State Road 647 Fondo Valle del Biferno; the urban public transport consists of 23 lines of autobus managed by the SEAC company. Situated 701 metres above sea level and close to the Apennine Mountains, Campobasso is considered one of the coldest cities of central/southern Italy.
It has an oceanic climate, borderline with subtropical, with an average temperature of about 12 °C, with winter to summer ranging from 2 to 22 °C on average. During the winter, snowfalls are frequent; the wettest time of year is the autumn with about 81 millimetres of rain each November. Fred Bongusto Alberto Bonucci Pasquale Gravina Tony Dallara Tito Mattei Nancy Pelosi University of Molise Campobasso Calcio Campobasso railway station Media related to Campobasso at Wikimedia Commons
Guardiaregia is a small mountain town in the Province of Campobasso, southern Italy. Their patron saint is San Nicola di Bari, otherwise known as St. Nicholas. In ancient times it was a strongpoint of the Samnites, was conquered by the Romans during the Samnite Wars, it received the rights of a municipium. The current settlement dates from the medieval Lombard Duchy of Benevento, when a castle was built here to protect Campochiaro. In 1805 the town was hit with a sizable earthquake that destroyed the castle there in a chasm that opened as the ridge split from the mountain to which it was once attached; that event was the principal cause of emigration from the city and today, "Piazza Toronto" stands in commemoration of those who sent aid and support to those who rebuilt the town. There was a vast number of the United States during the Second World War. In Toronto there is a large community of Guardiaregians, a Guardiaregia picnic is held annual; the town of Guardiaregia at indettaglio.it
Casacalenda is a comune in the Province of Campobasso in the Italian region Molise, located about 25 kilometres northeast of Campobasso. The Greek historian Polybius mentions a battle in 217 BC between the Roman army, based in Kalene, Hannibal, based in Gerione; the name might have been derived from the Latin Kalendae or Kalends, the first day of the month in the Roman calendar. Among its churches is Santa Maria Maggiore. Casacalenda borders the following municipalities: Bonefro, Larino, Montorio nei Frentani, Morrone del Sannio, Ripabottoni. Since the end of World War II until the 1970s, the town's population declined due to emigration; the places of choice for these emigrants were the Canadian cities of Hamilton and Toronto. Montreal has its own Casacalenda Association. Duncan, British Columbia has a sizeable community per its population. Cleveland and East Greenwich, Rhode Island have a large population of citizens from Casacalenda. Buenos Aires, Argentina is other destination. Casacalenda is served by a railway station, the Casacalenda-Guardalfiera railway station,on the Termoli-Campobasso and Termoli–Venafro line.