America's Got Talent
America's Got Talent is a televised American talent show competition, is part of the global Got Talent franchise created by Simon Cowell. The program is produced by Fremantle USA and Syco Entertainment, distributed by the former, broadcast on the NBC television network, premiering on June 21, 2006, after plans for a British edition in 2005 were suspended following a dispute within the British broadcaster ITV; each season is run during the network's summer schedule, has featured various hosts over the course of the program's history - its current host is Terry Crews. The program attracts a variety of participants, from across the United States and abroad, to take part and who possess some form of talents, with acts ranging from singing, comedy, stunts and other genres; each participant who auditions attempts to secure a place in the live episodes of a season by impressing a panel of judges - the current line-up consists of Cowell, Howie Mandel, Julianne Hough, Gabrielle Union. Those that make it into the live episodes compete against each other for both the judges' and public's vote in order to reach the live final, where the winner receives a large cash prize paid over a period of time, since the third season, a chance to headline a show on the Las Vegas Strip.
Since its premiere, America's Got Talent has helped to unearth new talent and kickstart/boost the careers of various performers who took part in the competition, while the show itself has been a rating success for NBC, drawing in on average around 10 million viewers per season. In 2013, a book was entitled Inside AGT: The Untold Stories of America's Got Talent, was released, providing a description of the seasons, contestants and production techniques of the show, along with detailed interviews with contestants from all seasons, up to the date of the book's publication; the program has run for a total of thirteen seasons, spawned a spin-off competition entitled America's Got Talent: The Champions, consisting of notable contestants from the U. S. and other international versions of the franchise, which premiered on NBC on January 7, 2019. The general selection process of each season is begun by the production team with open auditions held in various cities across the United States. Dubbed "Producers' Auditions", they are held months.
Those that make it through the initial stage, become participants in the "Judges' Auditions", which are held in select cities across the country, attended by the judges. Each participant is held offstage and awaits their turn to perform before the judges, whereupon they are given 90 seconds to demonstrate their act, with a live audience present for all performances. At the end of a performance, the judges give constructive criticism and feedback about what they saw, whereupon they each give a vote - a participant who receives a majority vote approving their performance, moves on to the next stage, otherwise they are eliminated from the program at that stage; each judge is given a buzzer, may use it during a performance if they are unimpressed, hate what is being performed, or feel the act is a waste of their time. Many acts that move on may be cut by producers and may forfeit due to the limited slots available for the second performance. Filming for each season always takes place when the Judges' Auditions are taking place, with the show's presenter standing in the wings of each venue's stage to interview and give personal commentary on a participant's performance.
From the fifth to seventh seasons, acts who did not attend live auditions could instead submit a taped audition online via YouTube. Acts from the online auditions were selected to compete in front of the judges and a live audience during the "live shows" part of the season, prior to the semi-finals. Before the inclusion of this round, the show had a separate audition episode in Seasons 3 and 4 for contestants who posted videos on MySpace. In the ninth season, the show added a new format to the auditions in the form of the "Golden Buzzer", which began to make appearances within the Got Talent franchise, since it was first introduced on Germany's Got Talent. During auditions, each judge is allowed to use the Golden Buzzer to send an act automatically into the live shows, regardless of the opinion of the other judges; the only rule to the buzzer was. Starting from the second season, auditions undergo a second stage to secure a place in the live rounds of the competition, though the format for this changed over the course of the program's history.
When the stage was first created it was designed with a "bootcamp" format, under the title of "Las Vegas Callbacks" - under the format, participants who made it through the preliminary auditions could undergo training to perfect their act, whereupon they would be set into a specific group of participants before performing a second time before the judges, who could use their buzzers to terminate a performance at any time. Those that fail to secure a place in this stage would be eliminated from that season's competition. Between the fourth and ninth season, the format was changed to match that used in Britain's Got Talent - participants who made it through the preliminary auditions had their audition footage reviewed by the judges, who set each one into a specific group, were not required to perform again, unless the judges requested this. Acts which they liked would be allocated spaces in the live roun
Nike, Inc. is an American multinational corporation, engaged in the design, development and worldwide marketing and sales of footwear, equipment and services. The company is headquartered near Oregon, in the Portland metropolitan area, it is the world's largest supplier of athletic shoes and apparel and a major manufacturer of sports equipment, with revenue in excess of US$24.1 billion in its fiscal year 2012. As of 2012, it employed more than 44,000 people worldwide. In 2014 the brand alone was valued at $19 billion, making it the most valuable brand among sports businesses; as of 2017, the Nike brand is valued at $29.6 billion. Nike ranked No. 89 in the 2018 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue. The company was founded on January 25, 1964, as Blue Ribbon Sports, by Bill Bowerman and Phil Knight, became Nike, Inc. on May 30, 1971. The company takes its name from the Greek goddess of victory. Nike markets its products under its own brand, as well as Nike Golf, Nike Pro, Nike+, Air Jordan, Nike Blazers, Air Force 1, Nike Dunk, Air Max, Nike Skateboarding, Nike CR7, subsidiaries including Brand Jordan, Hurley International and Converse.
Nike owned Bauer Hockey from 1995 to 2008, owned Cole Haan and Umbro. In addition to manufacturing sportswear and equipment, the company operates retail stores under the Niketown name. Nike sponsors many high-profile athletes and sports teams around the world, with the recognized trademarks of "Just Do It" and the Swoosh logo. Nike known as Blue Ribbon Sports, was founded by University of Oregon track athlete Phil Knight and his coach, Bill Bowerman, on January 25, 1964; the company operated in Eugene as a distributor for Japanese shoe maker Onitsuka Tiger, making most sales at track meets out of Knight's automobile. According to Otis Davis, a student athlete whom Bowerman coached at the University of Oregon, who went on to win two gold medals at the 1960 Summer Olympics, Bowerman made the first pair of Nike shoes for him, contradicting a claim that they were made for Phil Knight. Says Davis, "I told Tom Brokaw that I was the first. I don't care. Bill Bowerman made the first pair of shoes for me.
People don't believe me. In fact, I didn't like the way. There was no support and they were too tight, but I saw Bowerman make them from the waffle iron, they were mine". In 1964, in its first year in business, BRS sold 1,300 pairs of Japanese running shoes grossing $8,000. By 1965 the fledgling company had acquired a full-time employee, sales had reached $20,000. In 1966, BRS opened its first retail store, located at 3107 Pico Boulevard in Santa Monica, California next to a beauty salon, so its employees no longer needed to sell inventory from the back of their cars. In 1967, due to increasing sales, BRS expanded retail and distribution operations on the East Coast, in Wellesley, Massachusetts. By 1971, the relationship between BRS and Onitsuka Tiger was nearing an end. BRS prepared to launch its own line of footwear, which would bear the Swoosh newly designed by Carolyn Davidson; the Swoosh was first used by Nike on June 18, 1971, was registered with the U. S. Patent and Trademark Office on January 22, 1974.
In 1976, the company hired John Brown and Partners, based in Seattle, as its first advertising agency. The following year, the agency created the first "brand ad" for Nike, called "There is no finish line", in which no Nike product was shown. By 1980, Nike had attained a 50% market share in the U. S. athletic shoe market, the company went public in December of that year. Together and Wieden+Kennedy have created many print and television advertisements, Wieden+Kennedy remains Nike's primary ad agency, it was agency co-founder Dan Wieden who coined the now-famous slogan "Just Do It" for a 1988 Nike ad campaign, chosen by Advertising Age as one of the top five ad slogans of the 20th century and enshrined in the Smithsonian Institution. Walt Stack was featured in Nike's first "Just Do It" advertisement, which debuted on July 1, 1988. Wieden credits the inspiration for the slogan to "Let's do it", the last words spoken by Gary Gilmore before he was executed. Throughout the 1980s, Nike expanded its product line to encompass many sports and regions throughout the world.
In 1990, Nike moved into its eight-building World Headquarters campus in Oregon. The first Nike retail store, dubbed Niketown, opened in downtown Portland in November of that year. Phil Knight announced in mid-2015 that he would step down as chairman of Nike in 2016, he stepped down from all duties with the company on June 30, 2016. In a company public announcement on March 15, 2018, Parker said Trevor Edwards, a top Nike executive, seen as a potential successor to the chief executive, was relinquishing his position as Nike's brand president and would retire in August. Nike has acquired several apparel and footwear companies over the course of its history, some of which have since been sold, its first acquisition was the upscale footwear company Cole Haan in 1988, followed by the purchase of Bauer Hockey in 1994. In 2002, Nike bought surf apparel company Hurley International from founder Bob Hurley. In 2003, Nike paid US$309 million to acquire Converse, makers of the Chuck Taylor All-Stars line of sneakers.
The company acquired Starter in 2004 and Umbro, known as the manufacturers of the England national football team's kit, in 2008. In order to refocus on its core business lines, Nike began divesting of some of its subsidiaries in the 2000s, it sold Starter in 2007 and Bauer Hockey in 2008. The company sold Umbro in 2012 and Cole Haan in 2013. As
Métal Hurlant Chronicles
Métal Hurlant Chronicles is an English-language Franco-Belgian television science fiction anthology series based on the popular comics anthology magazine Métal Hurlant, known in the United States as Heavy Metal and in Germany as Schwermetall. Each episode is a self-contained story taking place on a different planet with a different cast, the episodes are linked together only by the idea that an asteroid, the "Métal Hurlant", passes the planet in question during the events of the story; the show's premise originated with Guillaume Lubrano, who put together a self-financed pilot to pitch the show, broadcast as the series' third episode. Lubrano and Justine Veillot produce the show through their company WE Productions, it was filmed in Bucharest, Romania. The series premiered on French television on 27 October 2012 on France 4. Broadcast rights for various European countries such as Germany, Luxembourg were bought by Sony Pictures Television; as an anthology series, each episode is a self-contained science-fiction story taking place in a different world, with different characters played by a different cast and adapted from a story published in the Métal Hurlant magazine.
However, the show proposes that all the stories are linked together by an asteroid, called the "Métal Hurlant", passing close to the planet where the episode's story is taking place. The opening credits, narrated in French by voice actor Benoît Allemane, inform that the "Métal Hurlant" is the last fragment of what was once a living planet, led to destruction by the madness of its inhabitants and condemned to travel ceaselessly through space and time, screaming its sadness and despair. A number of notable British, French and Dutch actors have performed in various episodes of the show, including Scott Adkins, Karl E. Landler, Michael Jai White, James Marsters, Michelle Ryan, David Belle, Dominique Pinon, Kelly Brook, Joe Flanigan, Frédérique Bel and Rutger Hauer among others. After being expected for early 2012, all six episodes of season one were broadcast on France 4 in a late night time slot over the course of two nights in either default dubbed French or optional subtitled original English audio tracks, between 27 October and 3 November of the same year.
Nolife was expected to rebroadcast season one in France sometime in 2013. Sony Pictures Television has bought the broadcast rights for several European countries, where it was at least aired on Animax in Germany and Switzerland. Syfy Channel began airing the first season of the series in the U. S. on 14 April 2014 on Mondays at 8:00 and 8:30 p.m with various repeats during the week following. Broadcast on 27 October 2012 after 3 episodes of Doctor Who that gathered a 1.4% share on the night, Métal Hurlant succeeded in raising the global share for channel France 4, bringing it to a tie with W9 and beating out Gulli, NT1 & D8. The premiere episode attracted 347,000 viewers, garnering a 2.2% share at 11 p.m, but lost about 100,000 viewers for the next two episodes broadcast on the same night. Overall the night held 2.4% of 15- to 34-year-olds and 3.5% of men aged 15 to 49. When it debuted on SyFy in 2014, its viewership was below normal for a pilot in its time slot, steadily declined, its critical reception has been tepid, from the start.
The series is described as having decent visual effects, but being poorly written and produced, with inconsistent acting. A second season of six episodes has been completed, is airing alongside season one during its run on Syfy. All 12 episodes were directed by Guillaume Lubrano. Shout Factory released both seasons on 14 April 2015 on Blu-ray and DVD. Official website at France4.fr Métal Hurlant Chronicles on IMDb
Applebee's is an American company which develops and operates the Applebee's Neighborhood Grill + Bar restaurant chain. As of December 2017, there were 1,936 restaurants operating system-wide in the United States, Puerto Rico, 15 other countries, all owned and operated by franchisees; the company was headquartered in Kansas City, after moving from bordering Johnson County, Kansas. In September 2011. On September 3, 2015, it was announced that their parent company, DineEquity, would be consolidating its headquarters for Applebee's and IHOP to DineEquity's Glendale, location; as a result, President Steven R. Layt chose not to relocate and resigned effective September 4, 2015; the Applebee's concept focuses on casual dining, with mainstream American dishes such as salads, pasta, "riblets". All Applebee's restaurants serve alcoholic beverages. On November 29, 2007, IHOP announced that it had completed a $2 billion purchase of the Applebee's chain. On August 11, 2017, DineEquity announced that Applebee's would close between 105 and 135 locations by the end of the year.
The Applebee's chain was started by Bill and T. J. Palmer, who opened their first restaurant, T. J. Applebee's Rx for Edibles & Elixirs, in Decatur, Georgia, on November 19, 1980. After opening a second, the pair sold their company to W. R. Grace and Company in 1983; as part of the transaction, Bill Palmer was named president of the Applebee's Division, an indirect subsidiary of W. R. Grace and Company. In that capacity, Palmer guided the operation from its entrepreneurial beginnings to a full-fledged franchise system, he became an Applebee's franchisee in 1985 and today owns more than three dozen Applebee's restaurants. In 1986, the name of the concept was changed to Applebee's Neighborhood Grill & Bar to reflect the Palmers' original concept of a place people could call their own. In 1988, Applebee's International, Inc. became the restaurant chain's franchiser when Kansas City franchisees Abe Gustin and John Hamra purchased the rights to the Applebee's concept from W. R. Grace. On July 16, 2007, IHOP Corp. announced that it agreed to buy Applebee's International for about $2.1 billion.
Applebee's shareholders would receive $25.50 in cash per share, representing a 4.6% premium to the closing price on July 13, 2007. After the acquisition, IHOP Corp. changed its name to Inc.. DineEquity, which franchises nearly all of its restaurants, said it hoped to employ that strategy with Applebee's. With their merger in November 2007, Applebee's and IHOP combined to make the largest full-service restaurant company in the world, with more than 3,250 locations. Applebee's Kansas City–area headquarters was at 3929 Broadway in Kansas City, Missouri, in 1988. In 1993, it relocated to Kansas. In January 2008, it relocated to neighboring Lenexa, per an agreement made in 2005 before it was taken over by IHOP to a new 175,000-square-foot building designed by BNIM. However, DineEquity has since been downsizing the headquarters presence as it has begun a strategy of converting its company-owned restaurants to franchises with a goal of having 98 percent of its restaurants franchised by 2013. In July 2008, DineEquity sold the headquarters for $39 million in a sale-leaseback arrangement.
The company has now listed the headquarters for sale and is reported looking for new space after it was announced on January 30, 2009, that its headquarters staff of 325 did not meet Lenexa's requirement that at least 497 be employed at the headquarters to receive the property tax abatement. In 2011, it announced plans to relocate to 8140 Ward Parkway in Kansas City proper after receiving $12.65 million in incentives from Missouri. As part of the company's marketing campaign and slogan, Wanda Sykes was hired to voice the chain's new mascot, the Applebee's Apple; the character appears in commercials touting Applebee's various specials and stating the new slogan, "Together is good." Or saying, "Get it together, baby!" as the slogan appears at the bottom right of the screen. A new campaign started on February 25, 2008, without Sykes' character with its slogan, "It's a whole new neighborhood." The commercials used both the company's new logos. In 2009, Applebee's changed its slogan again to "There's no place like the neighborhood."
From 2012–2016, Applebee's aired an advertising campaign focusing on fresh ingredients and new dishes, narrated by Jason Sudeikis, featuring the slogan, "See you tomorrow". In late September 2017, Applebee's brought back its most famous slogan from the early-to-mid 2000s, "Eatin' Good in the Neighborhood." They engaged in an alcohol–based advertising campaign to attract new customers by having a "drink of the month" at a reduced price. Since 2006, Applebee's and its servers have been engaged in a lawsuit over hourly wages; the servers, who received a federal minimum wage of $2.13 per hour as tipped employees, allege that the company requires them to spend 20% of their time doing non-serving labor for which they should be paid the federal minimum wage of $7.25 per hour. The case has gone through several stages, including a judicially mandated binding arbitration session. Official website DineEquity, Inc. website Applebee's Historical SEC Filings DineEquity, Inc SEC Filings
Divergent is a 2014 American dystopian science fiction action film directed by Neil Burger, based on the 2011 novel of the same name by Veronica Roth. The film is the first installment in The Divergent Series and was produced by Lucy Fisher, Pouya Shabazian, Douglas Wick, with a screenplay by Evan Daugherty and Vanessa Taylor, it stars Shailene Woodley, Theo James, Ashley Judd, Jai Courtney, Ray Stevenson, Zoë Kravitz, Miles Teller, Tony Goldwyn, Ansel Elgort, Maggie Q, Kate Winslet. The story takes place in a dystopian and post-apocalyptic Chicago where people are divided into distinct factions based on human virtues. Beatrice Prior thus will never fit into any one of the factions, she soon learns that a sinister plot is brewing in the perfect society. Development of Divergent began in March 2011 when Summit Entertainment picked up the film rights to the novel with Douglas Wick and Lucy Fisher's production company Red Wagon Entertainment. Principal photography began April 16, 2013, concluded on July 16, 2013, with reshoots taking place from January 24–26, 2014.
Production took place in Chicago. Divergent was released on March 2014, in the United States; the film received mixed reviews from critics, with praise going towards its concepts and action, criticism focused on its execution. Reviewers found the film to be generic and unoriginal, comparing it unfavorably to other young adult fiction adaptations. Despite this, the film was a financial success as it reached the #1 spot at the box office during its opening weekend. After its release, the film earned over $288 million worldwide against its budget of $85 million, it was released on DVD and Blu-ray on August 5, 2014. A sequel, was released on March 20, 2015, in the United States and other countries. In a dystopian Chicago, people are categorized into five factions, one hidden faction, secretly known as "Divergent," and the remaining population are "Factionless," grouped as abjectives. At age 16, citizens are tested for aptitude, as to faction. After which, all choose a faction as their category at the "Choosing Ceremony".
Beatrice "Tris" Prior, whose family is in the Abnegation category, is the main character. Government officials are of this category, her father, Andrew Prior, serves on the ruling council. Secretly, Tris discovers she is "Divergent." It is the Choosing Ceremony. Beatrice selects the Dauntless faction. Most in the Abnegation choose to remain with Abnegation, those leaving their factions in favor of others are known as "transfers." Beatrice meets Christina, Al, Will, three other initiates who chose Dauntless. Christina and Al were from Candor, Will was from Erudite. A man named. Anyone not measuring up to expectations will be expelled from their categories, they will thus be Factionless. Tris struggles, but she still makes the first cut. In the next phase, Tris excels at the intermediate tests. To prepare for the final test, a man named Four trains Tris, she learns that he was the son of her father's colleague. Tris passes her test and is accepted into the Dauntless group; the Dauntless are all tricked into being injected with a serum, a mind control drug.
Tris is immune. The Dauntless are ordered to execute Abnegations by the Erudite; when the mind controlled Dauntless army are preparing to execute the others, Tris blends in to avoid suspicion. After, on the train, Four surreptitiously reveals himself as a Divergent to Tris. Tris is comforted by this revelation; the Dauntless are ordered to raid Abnegation. They attempt to locate Tris' parents. Eric is suspicious. Tris breaks cover, points her gun at Eric; the two Divergents are exposed. They are taken into custody. Tris is sentenced to be executed. Natalie, Tris’s mother, liberates Tris. Tris's mother, it seems, was born Dauntless, is Divergent. Tris kills a friend, in order to survive the escape, her mother is killed as they flee. Tris is forced to abandon her mother's corpse to escape death. Tris finds Andrew, he has been in hiding with other Abnegations. They break into Dauntless headquarters, her father Andrew sacrifices himself in a shootout. Tris finds Four, she manages to shock him out of the mind control the two break into Central Control.
Erudite leader Jeanine, is preparing to order the Dauntless to execute the remaining Abnegation left alive. Tris uses the mind control serum on her. Under the influence of the serum, Janine cancels. Tris escapes. In March 2011, Summit Entertainment picked up the rights for Divergent with Douglas Wick and Lucy Fisher's production company Red Wagon Entertainment. Neil Burger was announced as the director on August 23, 2012. Evan Daugherty, who co-wrote the screenplay with Vanessa Taylor, said, "I get hung up on the toughness of the movie but of equal importance is the love story between Tris and Four. It's inextricably linked to Tris's character journey. There will be plenty of sexual tension and chemistry, but it's important that all of that stuff doesn't just feel like it's thrown in, but that it all helps Tris grow as a character."Daugherty further added, "It's tricky because the book is a packed read with a lot of big ideas. So, distilling that into a cool, faithful two-hour movie is challenging.
Not only do you have to establish five factions, but you have to acknowledge that there's a sixth entity, the divergent, you have the
Adventures of Johnny Tao: Rock Around the Dragon
Adventures of Johnny Tao is a kung fu-zombie film and directed by former Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtle, Kenn Troum, under the name Kenn Scott. Johnny Dow struggles to make a living at his small town gas station by charging motorists to see the electric guitar used by his late father, a one-hit-rock and roll wonder. Legend has it the guitar was carved in the shape of a dragon's head and made in part from an ancient spear his father found in the crater of a shooting star; when Johnny's friend Eddie stumbles upon the other half of the spear he releases an ancient demon hungry for power and destruction. Mika, a beautiful Chinese warrior who holds the secret to fighting Eddie and his army of kung-fu, sugar-craving warriors reveals to Johnny that the only way to stop the evil spirit is to use the first half of the spear - the dragon on Johnny's guitar! Together Johnny and Mika set out to fight Eddie and his army, reunite the two halves of the spear, restore peace to the town and - of course - save the world!
Matthew Twining as Johnny Dow Chris Yen as Mika James Hong as Sifu Jason London as Jimmy Dow Adventures of Johnny Tao on IMDb Adventures of Johnny Tao at AllMovie Adventures of Johnny Tao Official site
Naperville is a city in DuPage and Will counties in the U. S. state of Illinois. Located 28 miles west of Chicago, Naperville was founded in 1831 and developed into the fifth-largest city in Illinois; as of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 141,853, estimated to have increased to 147,682 by 2017. In a 2010 study assessing cities with populations exceeding 75,000, Naperville was ranked as the wealthiest city in the Midwest and the eleventh wealthiest in the nation, it was ranked among the nation's safest cities by Business Insider. Naperville was voted the second-best place to live in the United States by Money magazine in 2006 and it was rated first on the list of best cities for early retirement in 2013 by Kiplinger. In 2015, it was named as one of the most educated large cities in America with populations over 50,000. In July 1831, Joseph Naper arrived at the west bank of the DuPage River with his family and friends to found what would be known as Naper's Settlement. Among those original settlers were Naper's wife Almeda Landon, his brother John with wife Betsy Goff, his sister Amy with husband John Murray, his mother Sarah.
Their arrival followed a nearly two-month voyage across three Great Lakes in the Naper brothers' schooner, the Telegraph. On the journey were several families who remained in the settlement that would become Chicago, including that of Dexter Graves, memorialized in Graceland Cemetery by the well-known Lorado Taft statue "Eternal Silence". By 1832, over one hundred settlers had arrived at Naper's Settlement. Following the news of the Indian Creek massacre during the Black Hawk War, these settlers were temporarily displaced to Fort Dearborn for protection from an anticipated attack by the Sauk tribe. Fort Payne was built at Naper's Settlement, the settlers returned and the attack never materialized; the Pre-Emption House was constructed in 1834, as the Settlement became a stage-coach stop on the road from Chicago to Galena. Reconstructions of Fort Payne and the Pre-Emption House stand as part of Naper Settlement outdoor museum village, established by the Naperville Heritage Society and the Naperville Park District in 1969 to preserve some of the community's oldest buildings.
In 1855 Sybil Dunbar came to Naperville as its first recorded black female resident. A commemorative marker honoring her was placed in the cemetery in 2015. After DuPage County was split from Cook County in 1839, Naper's Settlement became the DuPage county seat, a distinction it held until 1868. Naper's Settlement was incorporated as the Village of Naperville in 1857, at which time it had a population of 2,000. Reincorporation as a city occurred in 1890. In 1887, Peter Edward Kroehler established the Kroehler Manufacturing Company's factory in Naperville along the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy tracks. Kroehler Manufacturing became the world's largest furniture manufacturer, a major employer in Naperville; the company closed the Naperville factory in 1978. In 1987, the site was redeveloped into upscale commercial and apartment properties, as Fifth Avenue Station. On April 26, 1946, Naperville was the site of one of the worst train disasters in Chicago history. Two Chicago and Quincy Railroad trains, the Advance Flyer and the Exposition Flyer, collided'head to tail' on a single track just west of the Loomis Street grade crossing.
The accident killed 45 and injured 127 passengers and/or crew members. This event is commemorated in a metal inlay map of Naperville on the southeast corner of the Nichols Library's sidewalk area. In 2012, author Chuck Spinner published The Tragedy at the Loomis Street Crossing which details the tragedy and gives the stories of the 45 persons who perished. On April 26, 2014, a memorial entitled Tragedy to Triumph was dedicated at the train station; the sculpture by Paul Kuhn is dedicated not only to the crash victims but to the rescuers at the site. A predominantly rural community for most of its existence, Naperville experienced a population explosion beginning in the 1960s and continuing into the 1980s and 1990s, following the construction of the East-West Tollway and Interstate 355, it has nearly quadrupled in size as the Chicago metropolitan area's urban sprawl brought corporations and wealth to the area. The March 2006 issue of Chicago magazine cites a mid-1970s decision to make and keep all parking in downtown Naperville free to keep downtown Naperville "alive" in the face of competition with Fox Valley Mall in Aurora and the subsequent sprawl of strip shopping malls.
Parking meters were taken down, parking in garages built in the 1980s and 1990s is free, parking is still available on major thoroughfares during non-peak hours. Naperville marked the 175th anniversary of its 1831 founding in 2006; the anniversary events included concerts and a balloon parade. According to the 2010 census, Naperville has an area of 39.323 square miles, of which 38.77 square miles is land and 0.553 square miles is water. Portions of the city of Naperville drain to the West Branch of the DuPage River within DuPage County. In the flood of 1996, downtown businesses in the City of Naperville incurred significant damage. Overall, Forest Preserve District ownership of a large amount of property along the West Branch has minimized development in flood plains and has helped reduce the damages from overbank flooding that have occurred in the county's more developed watersheds. Naperville borders the communities of Warrenville, Lisle