Harry Christopher "Chip" Caray III is a television broadcaster for Fox Sports South and Fox Sports Southeast's coverage of the Atlanta Braves baseball and Southeastern Conference basketball, is an occasional radio broadcaster and co-host of the pre-game and post-game shows on the Atlanta Braves Radio Network. Chip is known from his time as a broadcaster for the Fox Saturday Game of the Week and as the television play-by-play broadcaster for the Chicago Cubs from 1998 to 2004, he is the son of broadcaster Skip Caray, the grandson of broadcaster Harry Caray and the older half-brother of broadcaster Josh Caray. Caray graduated from the University of Georgia in 1987 with a degree in journalism. Well before his first big job with Fox, he worked with local television stations in Panama City and Greensboro, North Carolina, he was the play-by-play broadcaster for the Orlando Magic of the NBA from 1989 to 1996. He worked on baseball games for the Seattle Mariners of the American League from 1993 to 1995.
While broadcasting with the Mariners, Caray received a two-game tryout with the St. Louis Cardinals. After the 1994 season, he was expected to sign with St. Louis, but chose instead to remain with Seattle. Caray was a broadcaster for the first edition of Major League Baseball on Fox in 1996. In 1998, Chip Caray was hired to work alongside his grandfather as broadcaster for the Chicago Cubs. Harry Caray died in February 1998, Chip stayed with the team and took his grandfather's place as "the voice of the Cubs", he would go on to serve as their announcer for seven seasons, with Steve Stone providing the color commentary for most of those years. In 2004, both Caray and Stone left the Cubs booth after the season. On the final day of the 2004 season, Caray announced that he had signed a long-term contract with both TBS and Clear Channel to work alongside his father, broadcasting games for the Atlanta Braves, staying closer to his family, who lived in Orlando, Florida. Chip Caray became a broadcaster for TBS's college football coverage of the Big 12 and Pac-10.
In 2007, there was a major shake-up of the Braves broadcasters: Don Sutton departed to be the full-time broadcaster with the Washington Nationals, Skip Caray and Pete Van Wieren went to the Braves Radio Network full-time, Joe Simpson signed with Fox Broadcasting Company to be a color analyst on FSN South and Sports South, signed to call a limited schedule of games on TBS with Chip Caray. It was announced that Caray would be a broadcaster for TBS and would be the main play-by-play broadcaster for TBS during its coverage of the Major League Baseball playoffs. TBS would cover all the National League Championship Series. Hall of Fame player Tony Gwynn called the playoff games with Caray. Caray has been criticized for making factual mistakes during postseason broadcasts. In response to such criticisms, Caray said, "It wasn't the job that I had when I came here in the first place, it would be like being a pinch-hitter. I'm better when I work more."On November 30, 2009, TBS announced that Caray and the network decided to part ways.
On December 21, 2009, Fox Sports South and SportSouth announced that Caray would be the play-by-play announcer for all 105 Braves games on the networks. The deal includes selected college basketball games on the regional sports networks. 1989–1998: Orlando Magic Play-by-play 1991–1992: Atlanta Braves play-by-play on TBS and Atlanta Braves Radio Network 1993–1995: Seattle Mariners Play-by-play 1996–1998: Major League Baseball on Fox Studio host 1999–2000: Major League Baseball on Fox Play-by-play 1998–2004: Chicago Cubs Play-by-play on WGN-TV and FSN Chicago 2005–2009: Atlanta Braves Play-by-play on TBS, Peachtree TV and Atlanta Braves Radio Network 2007–2009: MLB on TBS Lead play-by-play 2010–present: Atlanta Braves Baseball Chip Caray's grandfather, was a broadcaster famous for calling games of the St. Louis Cardinals, Oakland Athletics, Chicago White Sox and Chicago Cubs, his father, was the longtime broadcaster for the Atlanta Braves until he died in 2008. Chip Caray imitates his father with sarcastic comments made in a high, nasal voice.
Caray has a brother, the radio broadcaster for the Hudson Valley Renegades. Chip is married to Susan, they have three sons, Christopher and Tristan, a daughter, Summerlyn
Ronald Maurice Darling Jr. is an American former right-handed starting pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for the New York Mets, Montreal Expos and Oakland Athletics. Darling works as a color commentator for national baseball coverage on TBS, as well as for the Mets on both SNY and WPIX. During his 13-year career, Darling amassed a 136–116 won-loss record, with 13 shutouts, he had 1,590 strikeouts and a 3.87 ERA. In 1985, he was picked for the All-Star team. Darling had five pitches in his repertoire: the slider, a curveball, a circle changeup, a splitter and a four seam fastball. In the beginning of his career, Darling's weak point was control, as he finished seasons in the top four in base on balls three times, he was considered one of the better fielding pitchers of the time, won a Gold Glove Award in 1989. Darling had one of the best pickoff moves among right-handers. An above-average athlete, he was sometimes used as a pinch runner. In 1989, he hit home runs in two consecutive starts.
Darling was born in Hawaii, to a Hawaiian-Chinese mother and a French-Canadian father. After growing up in Millbury, Massachusetts, he attended St. John's High School in Shrewsbury, Massachusetts. Darling attended Yale College, according to a Mets broadcast televised on April 24, 2015, he had two majors that were collectively called "American studies". At Yale, Darling began his college career for the Yale Bulldogs in the Ivy League as a position player, did not pitch until his sophomore season. On May 21, 1981, Darling faced future Mets teammate Frank Viola of St. John's University, in an NCAA post-season game, had a no-hitter through 11 innings. In the 12th inning, St. John's broke up the no-hitter and scored on a double-steal to beat Darling 1–0. Darling's performance remains the longest no-hitter in NCAA history, the game is considered by some to be the best in college baseball history and was the subject of a New Yorker story by Roger Angell, who attended the game. Darling was set to graduate in December 1982, but was drafted by the Texas Rangers in June 1981.
Darling went on to play more games in Major League Baseball than any Yale alumnus since 19th-century pitcher Bill Hutchinson. He was the last former Yale Bulldog to reach the Major Leagues until pitcher Craig Breslow made his debut in 2005. Darling was selected in the first round of the 1981 MLB draft by the Texas Rangers, he put up mediocre numbers with the AA Tulsa Drillers and, before the 1982 season began, he and Walt Terrell were traded to the Mets for Lee Mazzilli. For the Mets and Terrell would combine for seven double-digit win seasons, they traded Terrell three seasons for Howard Johnson. For Texas, Mazzilli never regained his limited glory of the late 1970s. Darling would have compiled decent numbers with the AAA Tidewater Tides in 1982 and 1983 except for high base on balls counts during both seasons. Despite that, Darling was called up to the majors in late 1983; the Mets had the worst record in the National League and second-worst in the majors when Darling debuted on September 6, 1983.
He was impressive in that start but left the game down 1–0 and the Mets lost 2–0. The Mets were last in offense in the N. L. Darling's 0–3 start were all in decent pitching performances, he was in the majors for good. In 1984, Darling won a spot in the starting rotation and maintained a spot there uninterrupted until 1990. While his early walk percentages were poor — he led the league in walks in 1985 — he never again showed the terrible walk percentages he had at AAA. With Darling and Terrell each getting their first long-term chance in the majors and with the debut of young star and eventual Rookie of the Year Dwight Gooden, the Mets went from second-worst in the majors in 1983 to fourth-best in the majors in 1984 — but second-best in the division thereby missing the postseason. Darling had difficulty pitching on the road in 1984 compared to pitcher-friendly Shea Stadium including an ERA more than 50% higher, he had a streak of seven wins in seven starts in June and July including a pair of complete game four-hit shutouts but the other two-thirds of the season were not nearly as successful.
The Mets were in first place at the end of July but Darling's 2–6 record the rest of the way was little help and the Chicago Cubs won the division by 6 ½ games. Darling finished 12–9 overall with an ERA of 3.81. 1985 was an improvement for Darling despite a career-high 114 walks. His April included a five-hit shutout with 11 strikeouts. On July 4, Darling pitched on one day's rest making the only relief appearance of his first seven seasons during a marathon 19-inning 16–13 win. Darling finished the legendary game in which 13 runs were scored in the extra innings alone and the Mets blew four leads and nearly blew a fifth. After starting 9 -- 2, he did not participate in the game. Overall, he posted his career-best winning percentage with a 16–6 record, his record could have been better but, in eight of his starts, he received seven no-decisions and a loss despite allowing less than two earned runs each time. On October 1, Darling pitched nine shutout innings on only four hits but the game was scoreless until the 11th.
The Mets narrowly missed the postseason but Darling established himself as a clear number-two starter behind Gooden's untouchable 24–4 season. In 1986, everything came together for the Darling was no exception, he finished with a 15–
Ernie Johnson Jr.
Ernest Thorwald Johnson Jr. is a sportscaster for Turner Sports and CBS Sports. Johnson is the lead television voice for Major League Baseball on TBS, hosts Inside the NBA for TNT, contributes to the joint coverage of the NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament for Turner and CBS, his father was Ernie Johnson Sr. a Major League Baseball pitcher and Atlanta Braves play-by-play announcer. Johnson's career began in 1977 while he was still a student at the University of Georgia, when he took a job as the news and sports director for the radio station WAGQ-FM in Athens, Georgia, he held that job until 1978, when he graduated from Georgia with a B. A. in journalism, summa cum laude. In 1979, Johnson began his broadcasting career at WMAZ-TV in Georgia, he worked there as a news anchor until 1981, when he moved to Spartanburg, South Carolina to work as a news reporter at WSPA-TV. Johnson moved back to Georgia in 1982, this time taking a job in Atlanta at WSB-TV as a general assignment news reporter.
He became the station's weekend sports anchor and reporter in 1983. He held those jobs until 1989. From 1993 to 1996, Johnson called Atlanta Braves baseball games for SportSouth with his father, Ernie Johnson Sr. Known as "E. J.", Johnson works as the studio host for TNT's coverage of the NBA, including pregame and halftime shows, the network's famous postgame studio show that airs after each NBA doubleheader, Inside the NBA. He has hosted the show since 1990. At the end of each broadcast, Ernie presents "E. J.'s Neat-O Stat of the Night," which has become a popular part of the show but is sponsored by no one, hence the sign that says "Your logo here". This changed in May 2007 when vitaminwater stepped in as a sponsor for the segment, replaced by Panasonic's Viera line of televisions for 2008. For the 2005–2006 season, his segments were sponsored by Intel Centrino and most Suzuki. In the 2008 NBA Playoffs, his segments were presented by vitaminwater. For all NBA-related shows, Johnson is joined by former NBA stars Kenny Smith, Charles Barkley, Shaquille O'Neal and, on occasion, Chris Webber, Grant Hill, or Reggie Miller.
In the 2012–2013 regular season he was joined by Anfernee "Penny" Hardaway and Dennis Scott while Smith and Barkley covered March Madness on CBS. Johnson is the host of Tuesday Fan Night on sister station NBA TV, alongside Webber and Greg Anthony, he is the host and moderator of NBA TV's Open Court, a basketball-panel show featuring Johnson and a rotation of six panelists discussing various topics, ranging from the history of the NBA to the current day scene of the league. In addition to working basketball, Johnson is the play-by-play announcer for TNT's PGA Tour coverage. At TBS, Johnson worked as the studio host for their coverage of college football. In 2002, Johnson was co-winner of the Sports Emmy for Outstanding Sports Personality, Studio Host, tying with Bob Costas of NBC and HBO, it was the first time. In 2006, Johnson won the award again, this time on his own, snapping Costas' six-year stranglehold on it, including the year the two shared the honor. From 2007 to 2009, Johnson worked as the studio host alongside Cal Ripken Jr. for TBS's coverage of Major League Baseball.
In 2010, he moved into a play-by-play role for the network, serving as the lead broadcaster for TBS' playoff coverage, including the 2010 ALCS. He broadcast 40 Atlanta Braves games on sister channel Peachtree TV. Johnson's past work at TNT included roles as studio host for The Championships, Wimbledon from 2000 to 2002, studio host for its National Football League coverage from 1990 to 1997, various duties at the 1994, 1998, 2001 Goodwill Games, as well as the 1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville and the 1994 Winter Olympics in Lillehammer, he was the studio host for TNT's coverage of the 1990 FIFA World Cup. He co-hosted Barkley's now-defunct talk show, Listen Up! Past work at TBS included working as studio host for their NBA coverage. Johnson called weightlifting for NBC's coverage of the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, he serves as a studio host for the NCAA tournament for CBS and Turner Sports alternating with Greg Gumbel. In 2015, Johnson won his third Sports Emmy for Best Studio Host, gave his award to the daughters of the late Stuart Scott, who died in January 2015.
He is a sportscaster on NBA Live 98, NBA 2K15, NBA 2K16, NBA 2K17, NBA 2K18. Johnson and his wife, Cheryl, a licensed professional counselor, live in Braselton and have two biological children and four adopted children. A Christian since 1997, he works on a regular basis with the Fellowship of Christian Athletes, Athletes in Action, Samaritan's Feet. Johnson is a devoted Atlanta Braves fan, he is an Atlanta native and attended high school at the private Marist School in nearby Brookhaven, Georgia. On the November 10, 2016 edition of Inside The NBA, Johnson and co-hosts were discussing the 2016 U. S. presidential election and the stunning upset of Donald Trump's victory over Hillary Clinton. While giving his remarks, Johnson talked about the build-up to Election Day, how he would lean on his Christian faith and pray for the transition of power and for the division in the country, he revealed that he wrote in his vote for Ohio governor John Kasich, one of the 17 Republican candidates and the last to suspend his campaign.
In April 2017, he released his memoir, Unscripted: The Unpredictable Moments That Make Life Extraordin
Steve Stone (baseball)
Steven Michael Stone is an American former Major League Baseball player, current sportscaster and author. Stone pitched for four MLB teams between 1971 and 1981. In 1980, he was the AL Cy Young Award winner, an American League All Star, finishing the season with a record of 25–7, he was WGN-TV's color commentator for Chicago Cubs broadcasts between 1983 and 2004, missing a couple of seasons late in his tenure due to health problems. He worked in radio until 2009, when he became the color commentator for Chicago White Sox television broadcasts. Stone is Jewish, was born in South Euclid, Ohio, a Cleveland suburb, to Dorothy and Paul Stone, who were Orthodox Jews, his maternal grandfather, Edward Manheim, lived to see Stone celebrate his bar mitzvah in September 1960. Stone played high school ball at Charles F. Brush High School for baseball Coach Jim Humpall. Growing up he won several tennis championships, was a ping pong champion, was a proficient golfer. At Kent State University, Stone was an outstanding pitcher and his catcher was Thurman Munson.
He was selected to the All Mid-American Conference team, was named team captain as a junior. He had a 2.00 ERA for the Chatham Anglers in the Cape Cod League in 1968. He starred on the bowling and tennis teams, he became a Brother in Alpha Epsilon Pi Fraternity. He graduated in 1970 with a teaching degree in government. In 1968 he did not sign. In February 1969 he was drafted by the San Francisco Giants in the fourth round of the draft. From 1969–71 Stone pitched in the minor leagues. In 1969 he pitched for the Fresno Giants, in 1970 for the Phoenix Giants and Amarillo Giants, in 1971 again for Phoenix, he compiled a 32–24 record, struck out nearly a batter per inning. Breaking the stereotype of ballplayers in his era, Stone said: Charlie Fox felt the only way a ballplayer could perform was to chew tobacco, wear a sloppy uniform and, as he put it, not be afraid to get a bloody nose, eat and sleep baseball. I never thought a bloody nose was all that comfortable, tobacco upsets my stomach. I like to eat – but not baseball – and I never thought sleeping with the game would be all that enjoyable.
I think. Ron Fimrite mused in Sports Illustrated in May 1971 that Stone was "a Jewish intellectual … who just might be a right-handed [ Koufax."In 1972 he was 6-8 with a 2.98 ERA. In November 1972, after suffering a sore arm, Stone was traded by the Giants with Ken Henderson to the Chicago White Sox for Tom Bradley. In 1973 he was 6-11 with a 4.24 ERA, was fourth in the AL in strikeouts per 9 innings pitched, 8th in hit batsmen. In December 1973 he was traded by the White Sox with Jim Kremmel, Ken Frailing, Steve Swisher to the Chicago Cubs for Ron Santo. In 1974 he was 8-5 with a 4.14 ERA. In 1975 he was 12–8 with a 3.95 ERA, pitched 214.3 innings. In November 1976, after suffering a torn rotator cuff and undertaking cryotherapy after refusing surgery and cortisone injections, he signed as a free agent with the Chicago White Sox for $60,000, turning down offers from four other teams. In 1977 he was 15–12 with a 4.51 ERA in 207.1 innings. During that year on August 29 Stone gave up a home run to Cleveland Indians second baseman Duane Kuiper – Kuiper's only career home run in 3,379 at bats.
In 1978, when he was paid $125,000, he was 12–12 with a 4.37 ERA in 212 innings. In November 1978, he signed a 4-year, $760,000 deal as a free agent with the Baltimore Orioles, again turning down four other offers. In 1979 Stone was 11–7 with a 3.77 ERA in 186 innings, was 7th in the league in fewest hits allowed per 9 innings pitched. His best year was 1980, when he went 25–7 for the Orioles, won the Cy Young Award and The Sporting News Pitcher of the Year Award, came in 9th in the AL MVP voting. Stone's relief pitchers did not blow a save for him all season until his last start of the year, he led the league in wins and won-lost percentage, was second in games started, seventh in ERA, hits allowed/9 IP, hit batsmen, ninth in innings pitched. He won the American League June 1980 Pitcher of the Month Award, he started and pitched three perfect innings in the All-Star Game that year. Stone threw as many as 73 curveballs in a game at least twice that season though he knew he might damage his pitching arm."I used to try not to lose before", Stone said in 1980.
"Now, when I go out, I go out to win every time, I'm certain I am. I try to envision myself walking off the mound a winner. I allow no negatives in my thinking; when certain ones start creeping in, I erase them and make it like a blank blackboard waiting to be filled in with things like,'The team is going to play well, is going to score some runs, I'm going to throw strikes, I'm going to win.' " After his Cy Young season, the pitcher, listed as 5' 10" commented: All my life, because of my size, people have been telling me what I couldn't do. They said. First they said, they said I'd never pitch in college. They said okay, but you'll never pitch professionally, they said well, maybe you're pitching professionally but you'll never make it out of the minors. When I got to the majors, they said you'll never be good. Now those same people are saying; that kind of thing is reiterated by people
Jackson the City of Jackson, is the capital and most populous city of the U. S. state of Mississippi. It is one of two county seats of Hinds County, along with Mississippi; the city of Jackson includes around 3,000 acres comprising Jackson-Medgar Evers International Airport in Rankin County and a small portion of Madison County. The city's population was estimated to be 165,072 in 2017, a decline from 173,514 in 2010; the city sits on the Pearl River and is located in the greater Jackson Prairie region of Mississippi. Founded in 1821 as the site for a new state capital, the city is named after General Andrew Jackson, honored for his role in the Battle of New Orleans during the War of 1812 and would serve as U. S. president. Following the nearby Battle of Vicksburg in 1863 during the American Civil War, Union forces under the command of General William Tecumseh Sherman began the Siege of Jackson and the city was subsequently burned. During the 1920s, Jackson surpassed Meridian to become the most populous city in the state following a speculative natural gas boom in the region.
The current slogan for the city is "The City with Soul". It has had numerous musicians prominent in blues, gospel and jazz. Jackson is the anchor for Mississippi Metropolitan Statistical Area, it is the state's largest metropolitan area with a 2016 population of 579,332, about one-fifth of Mississippi's population. The region, now the city of Jackson was part of the large territory occupied by the Choctaw Nation, the historic culture of the Muskogean-speaking indigenous peoples who had inhabited the area for thousands of years before European colonization; the Choctaw name for the locale was Chisha Foka. The area now called Jackson was obtained by the United States under the terms of the Treaty of Doak's Stand in 1820, by which The United States acquired the land owned by the Choctaw Native Americans. After the treaty was ratified, American settlers moved into the area, encroaching on remaining Choctaw communal lands. One of the original Choctaw members, in 1849, described what he and his people experienced during this turbulent time when the Europeans had come to take their land.
"We have had our habitations torn down and burned" as well as their "fences burned" while they themselves faced personal abuse and have been "scoured and fettered". Under pressure from the U. S. government, the Choctaw Native Americans agreed to removal after 1830 from all of their lands east of the Mississippi River under the terms of several treaties. Although most of the Choctaw moved to Indian Territory in present-day Oklahoma, along with the other of the Five Civilized Tribes, a significant number chose to stay in their homeland, citing Article XIV of the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek, they became state and United States citizens at the time. Today, most Choctaw in Mississippi have reorganized and are part of the federally recognized Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, they live in several majority-Indian communities located throughout the state. The largest community is located in Choctaw 100 miles northeast of Jackson. Located on the historic Natchez Trace trade route, created by Native Americans and used by European-American settlers, on the Pearl River, the city's first European-American settler was Louis LeFleur, a French-Canadian trader.
The village became known as LeFleur's Bluff. During the late 18th century and early 19th century, this site had a trading post, it was connected to markets in Tennessee. Soldiers returning to Tennessee from the military campaigns near New Orleans in 1815 built a public road that connected Lake Pontchartrain in Louisiana to this district. A United States treaty with the Choctaw, the Treaty of Doak's Stand in 1820, formally opened the area for non-Native American settlers. LeFleur's Bluff was developed; the Mississippi General Assembly decided in 1821. They commissioned Thomas Hinds, James Patton, William Lattimore to look for a suitable site; the absolute center of the state was a swamp, so the group had to widen their search. After surveying areas north and east of Jackson, they proceeded southwest along the Pearl River until they reached LeFleur's Bluff in today's Hinds County, their report to the General Assembly stated that this location had beautiful and healthful surroundings, good water, abundant timber, navigable waters, proximity to the Natchez Trace.
The Assembly passed an act on November 28, 1821, authorizing the site as the permanent seat of the government of the state of Mississippi. On the same day, it passed a resolution to instruct the Washington delegation to press Congress for a donation of public lands on the river for the purpose of improved navigation to the Gulf of Mexico. One Whig politician lamented the new capital as a "serious violation of principle" because it was not at the absolute center of the state; the capital was named for General Andrew Jackson, to honor his victory at the Battle of New Orleans during the War of 1812. He was elected as the seventh president of the United States; the city of Jackson was planned, in April 1822, by Peter Aaron Van Dorn in a "checkerboard" pattern advocated by Thomas Jefferson. City blocks alternated with other open spaces. Over time, many of the park squares have been developed rather than maintained as green space; the state legislature first met in Jackson on December 23, 1822. In 1839, the Mississippi Legislature passed the first state law in the U.
S. to permit married women to administer their own property. Jackson was connected by public road to Vicksburg and
John Andrew Smoltz, nicknamed "Smoltzie" and "Marmaduke," is an American former baseball pitcher who played 22 seasons in Major League Baseball from 1988 to 2009, all but the last year with the Atlanta Braves. An eight-time All-Star, Smoltz was part of a celebrated trio of starting pitchers, along with Greg Maddux and Tom Glavine, who propelled Atlanta to perennial pennant contention in the 1990s, highlighted by a championship in the 1995 World Series, he won the National League Cy Young Award in 1996 after posting a record of 24–8, equaling the most victories by an NL pitcher since 1972. Though predominantly known as a starter, Smoltz was converted to a reliever in 2001 after his recovery from Tommy John surgery, spent four years as the team's closer before returning to a starting role. In 2002, he set the NL record with 55 saves and became only the second pitcher in history to record both a 20-win season and a 50-save season, he is the only pitcher in major league history to record both 150 saves.
Smoltz was one of the most prominent pitchers in playoff history, posting a record of 15–4 with a 2.67 earned run average in 41 career postseason games, was named the Most Valuable Player of the 1992 NL Championship Series. Smoltz led the NL in wins, winning percentage and innings pitched twice each, his NL total of 3,084 strikeouts ranked fifth in league history when he retired, he holds the Braves franchise record for career strikeouts, the record for the most career games pitched for the Braves since the club's move to Atlanta in 1966. Smoltz left the Braves after 2008 and split his final season with the Boston Red Sox and St. Louis Cardinals. Since retiring as a player, he has served as a color analyst on television, he was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in his first year of eligibility. John Smoltz was an All-State baseball and football player at Waverly High School in Lansing, before the Detroit Tigers selected him in the 22nd round of the 1985 amateur draft, he was the 574th selection of the draft.
Smoltz played for the Class A Lakeland Tigers minor-league team, moved on to the Class AA Glens Falls Tigers in 1987, posting records of 7–8 and 4–10. On August 12, 1987, he was traded to the Atlanta Braves, where he played on their Class AAA Richmond Braves; the 1987 Tigers were in a three-team race, chasing the Toronto Blue Jays for the AL East division lead. While Alexander did help the Tigers overtake the Blue Jays for the division title, he was out of baseball by 1989. Smoltz, on the other hand, became one of the cornerstones of the Braves franchise for the next two decades. Smoltz made his major league debut on July 23, 1988, he posted poor statistics in a dozen starts. In 29 starts, he recorded a 12–11 record and 2.94 ERA while pitching 208 innings, was named to the NL All-Star team. Teammate Tom Glavine had his first good year in 1989, raising optimism about the future of Atlanta's pitching staff. Over his career, Smoltz threw a four-seam fastball, clocked as high as 98 miles per hour, a strong, effective slider and an 88–91 mph split-finger fastball that he used as a strikeout pitch.
He used a curveball and change-up on occasion, in 1999, he began experimenting with both a knuckleball and a screwball, though he used either in game situations. Smoltz began the 1991 season with a 2–11 record, he began seeing a sports psychologist, after which he closed out the season on a 12–2 pace, helping the Braves win a tight NL West race. His winning ways continued into the 1991 National League Championship Series. Smoltz won both his starts against the Pittsburgh Pirates, capped by a complete game shutout in the seventh game, propelling the Braves to their first World Series since moving to Atlanta in 1966. Smoltz had two no-decisions against the Minnesota Twins, with a 1.26 ERA. In the seventh and deciding game, he faced Jack Morris. Both starters pitched shutout ball for seven innings, before Smoltz was removed from the 0–0 game during a Twins threat in the eighth. Atlanta reliever Mike Stanton pitched out of the jam, getting Smoltz off the hook, Morris pitched a 10-inning complete game victory.
The next year, Smoltz won 15 regular season games and was the MVP of the 1992 National League Championship Series, winning two games. He left the seventh game trailing, but ended up with a no-decision as the Braves mounted a dramatic ninth-inning comeback win. In the World Series that year, Smoltz started two of the six games in the series, with a no-decision in Game 2 and a win with the Braves facing elimination in Game 5. Before the 1993 season, the Braves signed renowned control pitcher Greg Maddux, completing – along with Smoltz and Glavine – what many consider to be the most accomplished starting trio assembled on a single major-league team. Smoltz again won 15 games, but suffered his first postseason loss to the Philadelphia Phillies in the NLCS despite not allowing an earned run. Smoltz had a 6–10 record in the strike-shortened 1994 season, during the break, had bone chips removed from his elbow. Returning as the Braves' No. 3 starter, he posted a 12–7 record in 1995. Smoltz had shaky postseason numbers, avoiding a decision despite a 6.60 ERA.
But Smoltz and the Braves won the franchise's only World Series in Atlanta, thanks in great part to Maddux and Glavine, who had begun to overshadow Smoltz. The next season, 1996, was the best of Smoltz's career, he went 24
College football is American football played by teams of student athletes fielded by American universities and military academies, or Canadian football played by teams of student athletes fielded by Canadian universities. It was through college football play that American football rules first gained popularity in the United States. Unlike most other sports in North America, no minor league farm organizations exist in American or Canadian football. Therefore, college football is considered to be the second tier of American football in the United States and Canadian football in Canada. However, in some areas of the country, college football is more popular than professional football, for much of the early 20th century, college football was seen as more prestigious than professional football, it is in college football where a player's performance directly impacts his chances of playing professional football. The best collegiate players will declare for the professional draft after three to four years of collegiate competition, with the NFL holding its annual draft every spring in which 256 players are selected annually.
Those not selected can still attempt to land an NFL roster spot as an undrafted free agent. After the emergence of the professional National Football League, college football remained popular throughout the U. S. Although the college game has a much larger margin for talent than its pro counterpart, the sheer number of fans following major colleges provides a financial equalizer for the game, with Division I programs — the highest level — playing in huge stadiums, six of which have seating capacity exceeding 100,000 people. In many cases, college stadiums employ bench-style seating, as opposed to individual seats with backs and arm rests; this allows them to seat more fans in a given amount of space than the typical professional stadium, which tends to have more features and comforts for fans.. College athletes, unlike players in the NFL, are not permitted by the NCAA to be paid salaries. Colleges are only allowed to provide non-monetary compensation such as athletic scholarships that provide for tuition and books.
Modern North American football has its origins in various games, all known as "football", played at public schools in Great Britain in the mid-19th century. By the 1840s, students at Rugby School were playing a game in which players were able to pick up the ball and run with it, a sport known as Rugby football; the game was taken to Canada by British soldiers stationed there and was soon being played at Canadian colleges. The first documented gridiron football match was played at University College, a college of the University of Toronto, November 9, 1861. One of the participants in the game involving University of Toronto students was William Mulock Chancellor of the school. A football club was formed at the university soon afterward, although its rules of play at this stage are unclear. In 1864, at Trinity College a college of the University of Toronto, F. Barlow Cumberland and Frederick A. Bethune devised rules based on rugby football. Modern Canadian football is regarded as having originated with a game played in Montreal, in 1865, when British Army officers played local civilians.
The game gained a following, the Montreal Football Club was formed in 1868, the first recorded non-university football club in Canada. Early games appear to have had much in common with the traditional "mob football" played in Great Britain; the games remained unorganized until the 19th century, when intramural games of football began to be played on college campuses. Each school played its own variety of football. Princeton University students played a game called "ballown" as early as 1820. A Harvard tradition known as "Bloody Monday" began in 1827, which consisted of a mass ballgame between the freshman and sophomore classes. In 1860, both the town police and the college authorities agreed; the Harvard students responded by going into mourning for a mock figure called "Football Fightum", for whom they conducted funeral rites. The authorities held firm and it was a dozen years before football was once again played at Harvard. Dartmouth played its own version called "Old division football", the rules of which were first published in 1871, though the game dates to at least the 1830s.
All of these games, others, shared certain commonalities. They remained "mob" style games, with huge numbers of players attempting to advance the ball into a goal area by any means necessary. Rules were simple and injury were common; the violence of these mob-style games led to a decision to abandon them. Yale, under pressure from the city of New Haven, banned the play of all forms of football in 1860. American football historian Parke H. Davis described the period between 1869 and 1875 as the'Pioneer Period'. On November 6, 1869, Rutgers University faced Princeton University in the first-ever game of intercollegiate football, it was played with a round ball and, like all early games, used a set of rules suggested by Rutgers captain William J. Leggett, based