The Matterhorn is a mountain of the Alps, straddling the main watershed and border between Switzerland and Italy. It is a huge and near-symmetrical pyramidal peak in the extended Monte Rosa area of the Pennine Alps, whose summit is 4,478 metres high, making it one of the highest summits in the Alps and Europe. The four steep faces, rising above the glaciers, face the four compass points and are split by the Hörnli, Leone. The mountain overlooks the Swiss town of Zermatt in the canton of Valais to the north-east, just east of the Matterhorn is Theodul Pass, the main passage between the two valleys on its north and south sides and a trade route since the Roman Era. The Matterhorn was studied by Horace-Bénédict de Saussure in the eighteenth century. It remained unclimbed after most of the other great Alpine peaks had been attained, the first ascent of the Matterhorn was finally made in 1865 from Zermatt by a party led by Edward Whymper but ended disastrously when four of its members fell to their deaths on the descent.
That climb and disaster, portrayed in films, marked the end of the golden age of alpinism. The north face was not climbed until 1931, and is amongst the three biggest north faces of the Alps, known as the ‘The Trilogy’, the west face, which is the highest of the four, was completely climbed only in 1962. It is estimated that over 500 alpinists have died on the Matterhorn since the first climb in 1865, making it one of the deadliest peaks in the world. The current shape of the mountain is the result of erosion due to multiple glaciers diverging from the peak, such as the Matterhorn Glacier at the base of the north face. Sometimes referred to as the Mountain of Mountains, the Matterhorn has become an emblem of the Swiss Alps. Since the end of the 19th century, when railways were built in the area, each year a large number of mountaineers try to climb the Matterhorn from the Hörnli Hut via the northeast Hörnli ridge, the most popular route to the summit. Many trekkers undertake the 10-day-long circuit around the mountain, the Matterhorn is part of the Swiss Federal Inventory of Natural Monuments since 1983.
Decomposing Matterhorn yields Matter and Horn, here Matter is Matte in the case. Commonly, prepositions related to Zermatt are dropped as in Matterhorn, Mattertal, in Sebastian Münsters Cosmography, published in 1543, the name Matter is given to the Theodul Pass, which seems to be the origin of the present German name of the mountain. On Münsters topographical map this group is marked under the names of Augstalberg, the French name Cervin, from which the Italian term Cervino derives, stems from the Latin Mons Silvanus where silva, means forest which was corrupted to Selvin and Servin. The change of the first letter s to c is attributed to Horace Bénédict de Saussure, servius Galba, in order to carry out Caesars orders, came with his legions from Allobroges to Octodurum in the Valais, and pitched his camp there. It is unknown when the new name of Servin, or Cervin, replaced the old, the Matterhorn is named Gran Becca by the Valdôtains and Horu by the local Walliser German speaking people
The hill and valley shape of the ride causes a pronounced swinging motion, the faster the ride goes, the more dramatic the swinging motion. This ride is commonly seen at a travelling funfairs, most carnivals and parks require riders to be at least 42 inches or taller. Rides are commonly known as Flying Bobs, the carnival rides are typically transported on two trucks. One is for the itself, and the other is for the swinging cars. All rides are similar in concept, but have varying designs. Cars typically move forward and backward at varying intervals during the ride, the Allan Herschell Company made the first Flying Bobs in the 1960s. Chance-Morgan currently manufactures a few versions, called the Alpine Bobs or Thunder Bolt, Mack manufactures the Matterhorn, Feria Swing, and Petersburg Schilitenfahrt. The common analog of the Matterhorn is the Music Express, the main difference between the two rides is the Music Express use of a track, rather than axles. These versions can be found in the United States, but have been discontinued by all manufacturers except Bertazzon, Bertazzon Chance Morgan Mack Rides Reverchon Industries Sandstorm – Darude Calamari Inkantation – Squid Sisters from Splatoon Matterhorn Matterhorn History at the nfa.
Database of Matterhorns travelling in the UK
The Klein Matterhorn is a peak of the Pennine Alps, overlooking Zermatt in the Swiss canton of Valais. At 3,883 metres above sea level, it is the highest place in Europe that can be reached by aerial tramway, as well as by any other means of transport. The Klein Matterhorn is part of the Breithorn massif and overlooks on its side the almost equally high flat glacier named Breithorn Plateau. The name Klein Matterhorn is a reference to its larger neighbour, the Matterhorn. Even before the license application was filed, the building promoter had to negotiate with the Swiss Alpine Club. These discussions resulted in two large natural reserve zones, the third area was designated as a tourist zone. Licensing was further delayed until 1969 by the citizens of Zermatt filing a complaint to the council of the Canton of Valais. In December 1970, the Swiss government finally gave permission for the cable way, eventually, on 17 December 1973, the Federal Council rejected objections and granted a construction license.
The next major obstacle proved to be the recruitment of a force to build the lift system. At altitudes of 3000 to 4000m above sea level, worker productivity would be reduced by up to 50% compared to normal levels, and workers would be required to live for weeks on end within the camps. The construction of cable car started in August 1976 at all three construction sites, the valley terminal, the three tower sites and the mountain terminal. Creation of the terminal was a difficult undertaking. Some 2000 cubic metres of concrete were used in the station, all of which had to be transported there by helicopter in specially insulated tanks, mixed with warm water. Weather conditions at the site in high mountain terrain were extreme, temperatures falling to minus 40 °C, snowfalls. It took several weeks to cover the distance of 3,600 meters, with an altitude of almost 1,000 meters. On December 1978, all four track cables were installed, the Cable car was built by Von Roll LTD Bern Switzerland. The Klein Matterhorn is at the end of a cable car journey from Zermatt, via Furi.
The last station lies at a height of 3,820 metres, a tunnel connects it with the Breithorn Plateau on the south side
Operation Matterhorn was a military operation of the United States Army Air Forces in World War II for the strategic bombing of Japanese forces by B-29 Superfortresses based in India and China. Targets included Japan itself, and Japanese bases in China and South East Asia, the name comes from the Matterhorn, a mountain traditionally considered particularly difficult to climb. The idea of basing the Superfortresses in China first surfaced at the Casablanca Conference in January 1943, while planners assessed this option, the Anglo-American Combined Chiefs of Staff, meeting in Quebec in August, authorized a central Pacific drive that included the seizure of the Mariana Islands. Not only were the Marianas closer to Tokyo, but once in Allied hands they could be supplied and defended more easily than other sites. In September, Combined Chiefs of Staff planners concluded that B-29s in China, isolated from resupply except by inclusion in the Hump airlift, would be plagued by logistical problems. However, President Franklin D.
Roosevelt decided in favor of the China bases because he was impatient to bomb Japan, at the Sextant Conference in Cairo at the end of the year, he promised Chiang Kai-shek that the very heavy bombers would be coming to his country. Arnold supported that decision as an expedient, but still preferred strategic missions against Japan from the Marianas. Operation Matterhorn was developed by Brig. Gen. Kenneth B. Wolfe in October 1943 for implementation by the XX Bomber Command, General Arnold approved the plan on October 12 and presented it to the U. S. Advance Army Air Forces echelons arrived in India in December 1943 to organize the building of airfields in India, thousands of Indians labored to construct four permanent bases in eastern India around Kharagpur. Meanwhile,1,000 miles to the northeast, across the Himalayan mountains, by April 1944, the four B-29 groups of the 58th Bombardment Wing were available in Asia, and eight operating bases had become operational. Acting as executive agent for the Joint Chiefs, Arnold named himself the Twentieths commander, Brig.
Gen. Haywood S. Hansell served as chief of staff and de facto commander of the Twentieth after Arnold suffered a heart attack in May. Centralized control of the Superfortresses from Washington marked the recognition of the B-29 as a weapon that transcended theaters. Accompanying them was Major General Kenneth B, the designated commander of the XX Bomber Command, which had been reassigned from the Second Air Force as the operational component of the Twentieth Air Force. The 58th Bomb Wing headquarters arrived in India during the spring of 1944, shutting down these key industries would severely cripple the enemy’s war effort. Also on the target list were important enemy harbor facilities and aircraft factories, Wolfe launched the first B–29 Superfortress combat mission on June 5,1944, against Japanese railroad facilities at Bangkok, about 1,000 miles away. Of the 98 bombers that took off from India,77 hit their targets, encouraged by the results, XX Bomber Command prepared for the first raids against Japan.
Ten days later, sixty-eight Superfortresses took off at night from staging bases at Chengtu to bomb the Imperial Iron and Steel Works at Yawata on Kyūshū, more than 1,500 miles away. The June 15,1944, mission – the first raid on the Japanese home islands since the Doolittle raid of April 1942 – marked the beginning of the bombardment campaign against Japan
Matterhorn Peak is located in the Sierra Nevada, in the western U. S. state of California, at the northern boundary of Yosemite National Park. At 12,285 feet elevation, it is the tallest peak in the craggy Alps-like Sawtooth Ridge, the peak supports the Sierras northernmost glacier system. It was named after the Matterhorn in the Alps, the peak can be ascended without climbing gear. Jack Kerouac, in The Dharma Bums, describes a hike up and this led to the classic observation, You cant fall off a mountain. In the Footsteps of Jack Kerouac on Matterhorn Peak
A subwoofer is a woofer, or a complete loudspeaker, which is dedicated to the reproduction of low-pitched audio frequencies known as bass. The typical frequency range for a subwoofer is about 20–200 Hz for consumer products, below 100 Hz for professional live sound, subwoofers are intended to augment the low frequency range of loudspeakers covering higher frequency bands. While the term subwoofer technically only refers to the driver, in common parlance. Subwoofers are made up of one or more woofers mounted in a loudspeaker enclosure—often made of wood—capable of withstanding air pressure while resisting deformation, passive subwoofers have a subwoofer driver and enclosure and they are powered by an external amplifier. Active subwoofers include a built-in amplifier, the first subwoofers were developed in the 1960s to add bass response to home stereo systems. Subwoofers came into popular consciousness in the 1970s with the introduction of Sensurround in movies such as Earthquake. During the 1990s, subwoofers became popular in home stereo systems, custom car audio installations.
By the 2000s, subwoofers became almost universal in sound reinforcement systems in nightclubs, Dones loudspeaker was marketed in the US under the trade name The Octavium from the early 1960s to the mid-1970s. The Octavium was utilized by recording artists of that era, most notably the Grateful Dead, bassist Monk Montgomery, bassist Nathan East. The Octavium speaker and Dones subwoofer technology was utilized, in a few select theaters. During the late 1960s Dones’ Octavium was favorably reviewed by publications including Hi-Fi News. Another early subwoofer enclosure made for home and studio use was the bass speaker for the Servo Statik 1 by New Technology Enterprises. In 1968, the two found outside investors and reorganized as Infinity, the subwoofer was reviewed positively in Stereophile magazines Winter 1968 issue as the SS-1 by Infinity. The SS-1 was reviewed very highly in 1970 by High Fidelity magazine, another of the early subwoofers was developed during the late 1960s by Ken Kreisel, the former president of the Miller & Kreisel Sound Corporation in Los Angeles.
Infinitys full range electrostatic speaker system that was developed during the 1960s used a woofer to cover the frequency range that its electrostatic arrays did not handle adequately. Subwoofers received a deal of publicity in 1974 with the movie Earthquake which was released in Sensurround. Four of the subwoofers were positioned in front of the audience under the film screen, powerful noise energy and loud rumbling in the range of 17 Hz to 120 Hz was generated at the level of 110–120 decibels of sound pressure level, abbreviated dB. The new low frequency entertainment method helped the film become a box office success, more Sensurround systems were assembled and installed
The Matterhorn Bobsleds are a pair of intertwined steel roller coasters at Disneyland in Anaheim, California. It is modelled after the Matterhorn, a mountain in the Alps on the border with Switzerland and it is the first tubular steel continuous track roller coaster known. Located on the border between Tomorrowland and Fantasyland, it employs forced perspective to seem more impressively large, during the construction of the park, dirt from the excavation of Sleeping Beauty Castles moat was piled in an area between Fantasyland and Tomorrowland. When the park opened, the area, dubbed Holiday Hill, was improved with benches, in this period, the hill began to be known as Snow Hill. By now, instead of picnicking, the hill had come to be used primarily as a lovers lane. The structure was intended to act as a decorative overlay to camouflage the central pylon of the Skyway. Use of the Matterhorn, both in style and name, grew from Disneys extended vacation in Switzerland while filming Third Man on the Mountain.
This resulted in the merger of the toboggan ride concept with the thoughts of a coaster ride that would run around. The peak was first shown in a drawing that was once on display at The Disney Gallery. The view to the northwest shows a corner of the now-defunct Junior Autopia, one of three major new Tomorrowland attractions to open that year, the Matterhorn debuted on June 14,1959. Built by coaster builder Arrow Development and WED Imagineering, it was the first tubular steel coaster in the world. It consisted of a wood and steel infrastructure surrounded by man-made rock, trees could be seen on its sides, by making the trees at higher altitudes smaller, the Imagineers used forced perspective to augment the mountains height. Waterfalls cascaded down its sides and frequently sprayed riders, inside was a large, open space through which the bobsleds traveled. The Skyway passed through the center of the mountain via a pair of holes on the Fantasyland and Tomorrowland sides, Skyway riders could see down into the Matterhorns interior as they glided through.
In the early 1970s, the ride was made a part of Fantasyland. In 1978, the Matterhorn received a major refurbishment, most notably, the hollow interior space was broken up into a number of small, icy caves and tunnels with far more convincing theming. Some holes in the skin were filled in as well. Another major addition was a snowman, who had taken up residence in the mountain and was affectionately named Harold by the Imagineers
Matterhorn: A Novel of the Vietnam War
Matterhorn, A Novel of the Vietnam War is a novel by American author and decorated Marine Karl Marlantes. It was first published by El Leon Literary Arts in 2009, Marlantes is a graduate of Yale University and a Rhodes Scholar. He was a highly decorated Marine who served in Vietnam and he was awarded the Navy Cross, the Bronze Star, two Navy Commendation Medals for valor, two Purple Hearts, and ten Air Medals. He spent 30 years working on the novel, which was rejected for publication numerous times, the book is set in Vietnam in 1969 and draws from the experiences of Marlantes, who commanded a Marine rifle platoon. The novel presents a look at the hardships endured by the Marines who waged the war on behalf of America. It concerns the exploits of second lieutenant Waino Mellas, a recent college graduate, Matterhorn is the code name for a fire-support base located between Laos and the DMZ. At the beginning of the novel, the Marines build the base, the latter portions of the novel detail the struggles of Bravo Company to retake the base, which fell into enemy hands after it was abandoned.
Matterhorn received high praise from many critics, in The New York Times Sebastian Junger called it one of the most profound and devastating novels ever to come out of Vietnam—or any war. Matterhorn was Amazons Book of the Month for March 2010, and it won the 2011 William E. Colby Award, was ranked #7 Fiction in Times Best Books of the Year. It was one of the New York Times Notable Books of the Year and it was an ALA Notable Book, won the Pacific Northwest Booksellers Association Award, won the Indies Choice Book Award and won the 2010 John Sargent, Sr. It is probable that the fictional Bravo Company 1st Battalion, 24th Marine Regiment, 5th Marine Division of the novel was Charlie Company, 1st Battalion, 4th Marine Regiment, 3rd Marine Division. The engagement at Matterhorn was probably the attack on LZ Mack Hill 484, the author, First Lieutenant Karl Marlantes, who was the Executive Officer of Charlie Company, was awarded the Navy Cross. Hills 484 and 400 had been occupied at a cost of 20 killed in action, interview with Karl Marlantes on Matterhorn at the Pritzker Military Museum & Library
Dunn Peak is a group of peaks in the central Interior of British Columbia, Canada. Its most prominent summit, Matterhorn Peak, rises to 2,636 metres, though technically part of the Columbia Mountains to the north and east, the Dunn massif is isolated from other ranges by the Interior Plateau and the Shuswap Highland. The group is bounded by the North Thompson River to the west and north, Harper Creek to the east, the nearest towns and cities are Barriere and Kamloops. As there are no roads in the area, access to the alpine area is by trail via the Harper Creek Forest Service road. Matterhorn Peak is the 92nd most prominent peak in British Columbia, the protected area surrounding the peaks contains old-growth forest, including stands of Engelmann spruce and interior Douglas fir. The park contains significant wildlife populations, including wolf, marten, river otter, black bear, mule deer, several protected avian species are present, such as the great blue heron and bald eagle. James Dunn was a prospector in the region who left for California in 1888 after falling sick.
He had mined gold with a rocker near ChuChua, on the slopes of Dunn Peak. Nearby Baldy Mountain was the site of the Windpass gold mine from 1916 until 1939, on April 30,1996, the massif became the central point of the new 19, 353-hectare Dunn Peak Protected Area