Find a Grave
Find A Grave is a website that allows the public to search and add to an online database of cemetery records. It is owned by Ancestry.com. It receives and uploads digital photographs of headstones from burial sites, taken by unpaid volunteers at cemeteries. Find A Grave posts the photo on its website; the site was created in 1995 by Salt Lake City resident Jim Tipton to support his hobby of visiting the burial sites of famous celebrities. He added an online forum. Find A Grave was launched as a commercial entity in 1998, first as a trade name and incorporated in 2000; the site expanded to include graves of non-celebrities, in order to allow online visitors to pay respect to their deceased relatives or friends. In 2013, Tipton sold Find A Grave to Ancestry.com, saying that the genealogy company had "been linking and driving traffic to the site for several years. Burial information is a wonderful source for people researching their family history." In a September 30, 2013, press release, Ancestry.com officials said they would "launch a new mobile app, improve customer support, introduce an enhanced edit system for submitting updates to memorials, foreign-language support, other site improvements."As of October 2017, Find A Grave contained over 165 million burial records and 75 million photos.
In March 2017, a beta website for a redesigned Find A Grave was launched at gravestage.com. Public feedback was mixed. Sometime between May 29 and July 10 of that year, the beta website was migrated to new.findagrave.com, a new front end for it was deployed at beta.findagrave.com. In November 2017, the new site became the old site was deprecated. On August 20, 2018, the original Find; the website contains listings of graves from around the world. American cemeteries are organized by state and county, many cemetery records contain Google Maps and photographs of the cemeteries and gravesites. Individual grave records may contain dates and places of birth and death, biographical information and plot information and contributor information. Interment listings are added by individuals, genealogical societies, other institutions such as the International Wargraves Photography Project. Contributors must register as members to submit listings, called memorials, on the site; the submitter may transfer management.
Only the current manager of a listing may edit it, although any member may use the site's features to send correction requests to the listing's manager. Managers may add links to other listings of deceased spouses and siblings for genealogical purposes. Any member may add photographs and notations to individual listings. Members may post requests for photos of a specific grave. Although it does not ask permission from immediate family members before uploading the photos, it will remove and take down photos or a URL for a deceased loved one at the request of an immediate family member. Find A Grave maintains lists of memorials of famous persons by their "claim to fame", such as Medal of Honor recipients, religious figures, educators. Find A Grave exercises editorial control over these listings. Canadian Headstones Interment.net United States National Cemetery System's nationwide gravesite locator Random Acts of Genealogical Kindness Tombstone tourist Official website
Albert Estopinal, Sr. was a sugar cane planter from St. Bernard Parish, who served as a Democrat in both houses of the Louisiana State Legislature between 1876 and 1900 and in the United States House of Representatives from Louisiana's 1st congressional district from 1908 until his death eleven years at the age of seventy-four. Estopinal was born in St. Bernard Parish, located to the east of New Orleans, he was a son of the former Felicia Gonzales. Their ancestors came from Spain. Settlers in Louisiana from the Canaries are known as Islenos. Felicia was Joseph's second wife. Both were natives of St. Bernard Parish, the last of the sixty-four Louisiana parishes to be named. Estopinal attended private schools in St. Bernard Parish and New Orleans. In 1862, at the age of seventeen, Estopinal left school to enlist as a soldier in the St. Bernard Guards of the 28th Louisiana Regiment of the Confederate Army, he began as an orderly sergeant in Company G. He fought in the Battle of Chickasaw Bayou in December 1862, the opening exchange of what became in July 1863 the decisive Battle of Vicksburg, Mississippi, in which he commanded a squad which transported prisoners from Indianola in Sunflower County in northwestern Mississippi, to Libby on the Gulf Coast.
On three occasions, Estopinal led the movement of prisoners to the Confederate capital at Richmond, Virginia. After Vicksburg, Estopinal was assigned to the quartermaster's department in Meridan in eastern Mississippi and to the campaign in Mobile, during which he was attached to the 22nd Louisiana Regiment Heavy Artillery, he was paroled at Meridian. Throughout the war Estopinal was neither taken prisoner. By the time Estopinal went to Congress, his colleagues addressed him as "General," but the biographical sketches do not indicate his rank beyond the beginning duty as orderly sergeant; the use of "General" in this instance may have been honorary. After the war, Estopinal for five years engaged in merchandising at New Orleans. In 1868, he married the former Eliska Legier, the daughter of Francis and Octavia Legier of New Orleans. Educated in France, Francis Legier earned his livelihood as a merchant in New Orleans, he was a former municipal street commissioner in New Orleans before the establishment of the mayor-council government.
Albert and Eliska had ten children, including Albert, Jr. Fernando, Benjamin, René, David, Leonidas and Lelia. Albert Estopinal, Jr. became a St. Bernard Parish politician too, serving as parish judge and as sheriff at the time of his father's death. Estopinal, Jr. was allied with the political boss Leander Perez, who unsuccessfully fought desegregation in the mid-20th century. By 1870, Estopinal acquired Kenilworth Plantation, built in 1759 and used as a military outpost in St. Bernard Parish. Under Estopinal, Kenilworth consisted of 1,600 acres plus another 400 noncontiguous acres, it was located on the route of the New Gulf Railroad. Kenilworth was considered at the time to have been one of the best managed properties in St. Bernard Parish, with acreage devoted to vegetables as well as sugar, the principal cash crop. Estopinal's public service began after the Civil War, when he served two two-year terms from 1868 to 1872 as the St. Bernard Parish tax assessor. In 1872 and again in 1874, he was elected sheriff of St. Bernard Parish.
From 1876 to 1880, he was a member of the Louisiana House of Representatives, elected to a single four-year term. In 1879 and 1898, Estopinal was a member of the two Louisiana state constitutional conventions. A third would be held two years after his death. From 1880 to 1900, he served in the Louisiana State Senate, having been elected to five four-year terms. From 1900 to 1904, Estopinal was the Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana under Governor William Wright Heard, a native of Union Parish in north Louisiana who spent the bulk of his career in New Orleans. Estopinal succeeded Robert H. Snyder of Tensas Parish as lieutenant governor. Snyder had served under Murphy James Foster, Sr.. In 1908, Estopinal was the chairman of the Democratic State Central Committee. From 1908 to 1919, he was a member of the U. S. House of Representatives and served until his death in office. Few Louisiana politicians served in as many offices for as long a period of time, he was in office continuously from 1868 to 1919 except for the period from 1904 to 1908.
During his service in the Louisiana House, he was assigned to the Education and Parochial Affairs committees. During his last term in the Louisiana Senate, he was chairman of the committee handling state government audits and oversight functions. Estopinal was elected to Congress upon the death of Adolph Meyer. In the spring of 1919, he died in office, just a few months into his sixth term, his tenure corresponded with the administrations of Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft and Woodrow Wilson. He served on the Naval Affairs Committee. In 1912, he was an alternate delegate to the Democratic National Convention, which met in Baltimore and nominated the successful Woodrow Wilson-Thomas Marshall ticket, a slate which prevailed in Democratic Louisiana and nationwide as well. At the convention, Estopinal was a member on the Committee on Order of Business. In Congress, Estopinal missed about one-half of all roll call votes between 1908 and 1919, he cast no votes during the month preceding his death.
In addition to the offices cited, Estopinal served on the St. Bernard Parish Police Jury, equivalent to the county commission in other states; the dates of police jury
Confederate States Navy
The Navy of the Confederate States was the naval branch of the Confederate States Armed Forces, established by an act of the Confederate States Congress on February 21, 1861. It was responsible for Confederate naval operations during the American Civil War, fighting against the Union Navy / United States Navy; the three major tasks of the Confederate States Navy during the whole of its existence were the protection of Confederate harbors and coastlines from outside invasion, making the war costly for the U. S. by attacking American / Northern merchant ships worldwide, running the U. S. blockade by drawing off U. S. Navy ships in pursuit of the Confederate commerce raiders and few warships; the Confederate navy could never achieve numerical equality with the United States Navy, with its near 70 years of traditions and experience, so it used technological innovation, such as ironclads, torpedo boats, naval mines to attempt to gain advantage. In February 1861, the Confederate States Navy had 30 vessels.
The opposing Union Navy had 90 vessels. The C. S. Navy grew to 101 ships to meet the rise in naval conflicts and threats to the coast and rivers of the Confederacy. On April 20, 1861 the U. S. was forced to abandon the important Gosport Navy Yard at Portsmouth, Virginia. In their haste, they failed to burn the facility with its large depots of arms, other supplies, several small vessels; as a result, the Confederacy captured much needed war materials, including heavy cannon, gunpowder and shell. Of most importance to the Confederacy was the shipyard's dry docks, hardly damaged by the departing Union forces; the Confederacy's only substantial navy yard at that time was in Pensacola, Florida, so the Gosport Yard was sorely needed to build new warships. The most significant warship left at the Yard was the screw frigate USS Merrimack; the U. S. Navy had torched Merrimack's superstructure and upper deck scuttled the vessel. Little of the ship's structure remained other than the hull, holed by the scuttling charge but otherwise intact.
Confederate Navy Secretary Stephen Mallory had the idea to rebuild it. When the hull was raised, it had not been submerged long enough to have been rendered unusable; the decks were rebuilt using thick oak and pine planking, the upper deck was overlaid with two courses of heavy iron plate. The newly rebuilt superstructure was unusual: above the waterline the sides sloped inward and were covered with two layers of heavy iron-plate armor; the vessel was a new kind of warship, an all-steam powered "iron-clad". In the centuries-old tradition of reusing captured ships, the new ship was christened CSS Virginia, she fought the Union's new ironclad USS Monitor. On the second day of the Battle of Hampton Roads, the two ships met and each scored numerous hits on the other. On the first day of that battle Virginia, the James River Squadron, aggressively attacked and nearly broke the Union Navy's sea blockade of wooden warships, proving the effectiveness of the ironclad concept; the two ironclads had steamed forward, tried to outflank or ram the other, backed away, came forward firing again and again, but neither was able to sink or demand surrender of its opponent.
After four hours both ships were taking in water through split breaches by enemy shot. The engines of both were becoming dangerously overtaxed, their crews were near exhaustion; the two ships steamed away, never to meet again. This part in the Battle of Hampton Roads between Monitor and Virginia overshadowed the bloody events each side's ground troops were fighting because it was the first battle in history between two iron-armored steam-powered warships; the last Confederate surrender took place in Liverpool, United Kingdom on November 6, 1865 aboard the commerce raider CSS Shenandoah when her flag was lowered for the final time. This surrender brought about the end of the Confederate navy; the Shenandoah had circumnavigated the only Confederate ship to do so. The act of the Confederate Congress that created the Confederate Navy on February 21, 1861 appointed Stephen Mallory as Secretary of the Department of the Navy. Mallory was experienced as an admiralty lawyer and had served for a time as the chairman of the Naval Affairs Committee of the United States Senate.
The Confederacy had a few scattered naval assets and looked to Liverpool, England, to buy naval cruisers to attack the American merchant fleet. In April 1861, Mallory recruited former U. S. Navy Lieutenant James Dunwoody sent him to Liverpool. Using Charleston-based importer and exporter Fraser Trentholm, who had offices in Liverpool, Commander Bulloch ordered six steam vessels; as Mallory began aggressively building up a formidable naval force, a Confederate Congress committee on August 27, 1862, reported: Before the war, nineteen steam war vessels had been built in the States forming the Confederacy, the engines for all of these had been contracted for in those States. All the labor or materials requisite to complete and equip a war vessel could not be commanded at any one point of the Confederacy. Had erected a powder-mill, it has established eighteen yards for building war vessels, a rope-walk, making all cordage from a rope-yarn to a 9-inch cable, capable of turning out 8,000 yards per month....
Of vessels not ironclad and conver
David Bruce Vitter is an American lobbyist and politician who served as United States Senator for Louisiana from 2005 to 2017. He was the first Republican elected to the Senate from his state since the Reconstruction Era, he served in the United States House of Representatives, representing the suburban Louisiana's 1st congressional district. He served as a member of the Louisiana House of Representatives before entering the U. S. House. After his Senate term ended, Vitter joined the Washington, D. C. lobbying firm, Mercury LLC, for which he will focus such issues as energy, banking, the judiciary and small business. In 2010, Vitter won a second Senate term by defeating a Democrat U. S. Representative Charlie Melancon of Napoleonville in Assumption Parish. In the Republican primary held on August 28, 2010, Vitter handily defeated former Louisiana Supreme Court Justice Chet D. Traylor of Monroe from Winnsboro. Vitter unsuccessfully ran for governor to succeed the term-limited Bobby Jindal in the 2015 gubernatorial election.
He lost in the general election to Democrat John Bel Edwards, a state representative from Tangipahoa Parish, in the November 21 general election for the governorship, who led a multi-candidate field in the primary. After conceding defeat to Edwards, Vitter announced that he would not seek reelection to his Senate seat in 2016 and would retire from office at the completion of his term. In 2007, Vitter admitted to and apologized for prior involvement with a Washington, D. C. escort service. He was first accused of soliciting a prostitute by a New Orleans newspaper in 2002. Since the statute of limitations for prostitution had expired when the scandal was uncovered, Vitter was never charged with a crime. David Vitter was born in the son of Audrey Malvina and Albert Leopold Vitter, he graduated in 1979 from De La Salle High School in New Orleans. While a student at De La Salle, Vitter participated in the Close Up Washington civic education program, he received a Bachelor of Arts from Harvard College in 1983.
A. from Magdalen College, Oxford in 1985, as a Rhodes Scholar. He was a practicing lawyer, adjunct law professor at Tulane and Loyola University New Orleans. Vitter and his wife Wendy, a former prosecutor, have three daughters, Sophie and Airey, a son, Jack. Vitter's brother Jeffrey is a notable computer scientist who has served as chancellor of the University of Mississippi since January 2016. Vitter was a member of the Louisiana House of Representatives from 1992 to 1999; as a freshman representative, he filed two complaints against Governor Edwin W. Edwards before the Louisiana Ethics Board. One questioned the financing of a trip Edwards took to Las Vegas, where he attended an Evander Holyfield fight and gambled at Caesars Palace; the other questioned the involvement of Edwards' children in riverboat casinos. Vitter won a special election to Louisiana's 1st congressional district in 1999, succeeding Republican U. S. Representative Bob Livingston, who resigned after disclosure that he had committed adultery.
In the initial vote on May 1, 1999, former Congressman and Governor David C. Treen finished first with 36,719 votes. Vitter was second, with 31,741, white nationalist David Duke finished third with 28,055 votes. Monica L. Monica, a Republican ophthalmologist, had 16 percent. In the runoff, Vitter defeated Treen 51–49 percent. In 2000 and 2002, Vitter was re-elected with more than 80 percent of the vote in what had become a safe Republican district. In 2002, Vitter was preparing to run for governor in 2003, with the incumbent, Republican Mike Foster, prevented by term limits from running again, but in June 2002, shortly before the Louisiana Weekly reported on a claim from Vincent Bruno, a campaign worker for Treen in 1999, about Vitter's alleged relationship with a prostitute, Vitter dropped out of the governor's race, saying he and his wife were dealing with marital problems. Bruno said on a New Orleans-based radio show that he had been told by a prostitute that she had interactions with Vitter.
However and his campaign decided to not publicize this information during the election. In 2004, Vitter ran to replace Democrat John Breaux in the U. S. Senate. Former state Senator Daniel Wesley Richey, a Baton Rouge political consultant, directed Vitter's grassroots organization in the race, with assistance from Richey's longtime ally, former state Representative Louis E. "Woody" Jenkins of Baton Rouge, himself a defeated U. S. Senate candidate in 1978, 1980, 1996. During the campaign, Vitter was accused by a member of the Louisiana Republican State Central Committee of having had a lengthy affair with a prostitute in New Orleans. Vitter responded that the allegation was "absolutely and untrue" and that it was "just crass Louisiana politics."On November 2, 2004, Vitter won the jungle primary, garnering a majority of the vote, while the rest of the vote was split among the Democratic contenders. Vitter was the first Republican in Louisiana to be popularly elected as a U. S. Senator; the previous Republican Senator, William Pitt Kellogg, was chosen by the state legislature in 1876, in accordance with the process used before the Seventeenth Amendment to the United States Constitution went into effect in 1914.
State Representative Mike Futrell of Baton Rouge resigned early in 2005 to become Vitter's state director. Futrell remained in the position until 2008, when he was engaged i
Maghera is a town in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. Its population had risen to 3,711 in the 2001 Census, it is situated within Mid-Ulster District, as well as the civil parish of Maghera, which it was named after, the former barony of Loughinsholin. The Annals of Ulster say. On 12 July 1830, Orange Order marches led to clashes between Orangemen and Ribbonmen in Maghera and Castledawson. Several Catholic homes were burnt by Protestants following these clashes. Maghera suffered significant violence during the Troubles. In total, 14 people were killed, half of them members of the security forces and a further two as a result of family membership of the Ulster Defence Regiment; the Provisional Irish Republican Army were responsible for ten of the deaths. Maghera is classified as an intermediate settlement by the NI Statistics and Research Agency. On Census day there were 3,711 people living in Maghera. Of these: 28.6% were aged under 16 years and 13.3% were aged 60 and over 49.3% of the population were male and 50.7% were female 72.4% were from a Catholic background and 27.1% were from a Protestant background 3.9% of people aged 16–74 were unemployed.
On Census day in 2011: 74.9 were from a Catholic background and 22.6% were from a Protestant backgroundFor more details see: NI Neighbourhood Information Service Notable buildings in Maghera include St Lurach's Church, founded in the year 500AD as a monastery. The town of Maghera grew up around this church; the importance of the monastery was such that Maghera was a bishop's seat in the 12th and 13th centuries. However, the Church was raided by the Vikings and fell into disrepair and is now maintained by the Environmental Heritage Service. Within the ruins, as an inset to the west wall is a sculpture of the crucifixion, thought to date from the 10th century – making it one of earliest surviving representations of the crucifixion in Ireland. St Lurach is the saint of the town. In the town is the oldest linen mill in Ireland, the William Clark & Sons company founded in 1736. Maghera railway station opened on 18 December 1880, shut for passenger traffic on 28 August 1950 and shut altogether on 1 October 1959.
Charles Thomson, who emigrated to the United States where he became secretary of the Continental Congress, was from Maghera. Children's author Eve Bunting was born in Maghera. Robert Hawthorne who won a Victoria Cross during the Indian Mutiny was from Maghera. Dr Henry Cooke, a noted theologian, was born at Maghera. James Lenox-Conyngham Chichester-Clark and his grandfather, James Johnston Clark, both MPs for County Londonderry, were born at Largantogher House. William Shiels, Australian colonial politician and 16th Premier of Victoria, was born in Maghera. In St Patrick's Roman Catholic church there is a headstone remembering the large number of people who died in the parish during the Famine. In the local Church of Ireland parish of St. Lurach's there is a memorial dedicated to the memory of the local men and women who died in both world wars; the Presbyterian church has a brass plaque in memory of those. Both churches have memorials to local victims on IRA violence; the Church if Ireland has memorials to Alan Clark and John Proctor murdered by the IRA.
The presbyterian has a memorial window to all those UDR and RUC members murdered by the IRA. There are one secondary school in Maghera. St Mary's Primary School, Glenview Maghera Controlled Primary School St Patrick's Primary School, Glen St. Patrick's College, a co-educational college. Maghera High School, which had an intake from the local Protestant population, was shut in 2009 after a lengthy campaign by many locals to save it. Most of the remaining pupils were transferred to nearby Magherafelt High School; the local Gaelic football club is Watty Graham's Gaelic Athletic Club. The local soccer team is Maghera Strollers F. C. they are a world famous team and the legendary Jamie short was their no 1 while the real goat fintan shaudy their no 9 was banging in the goal and once scored a hat trick against bitter rivals Tobermore united The nearest golf driving range is at Tobermore. The local leisure centre is Maghera Leisure Centre, on the Coleraine Road; the local Cycling Club is Carn Wheelers.
Maghera Old Church Culture Northern Ireland
County Londonderry known as County Derry, is one of the six counties of Northern Ireland. Prior to the partition of Ireland, it was one of the counties of the Kingdom of Ireland from 1613 onward and of the United Kingdom after the Acts of Union 1800. Adjoining the north-west shore of Lough Neagh, the county covers an area of 2,074 km² and today has a population of about 247,132. Since 1972, the counties in Northern Ireland, including Londonderry, have no longer been used by the state as part of the local administration. Following further reforms in 2015, the area is now governed under three different districts. Despite no longer being used for local government and administrative purposes, it is sometimes used in a cultural context in All-Ireland sporting and cultural events. Since 1981, it has become one of four counties in Northern Ireland that has a Catholic majority, with 57% of the Catholic population residing within Derry City Council; the county flower is the Purple Saxifrage. The place name Derry is an anglicisation of the old Irish Daire, meaning "oak-grove" or "oak-wood".
As with the city, its name is subject to the Derry/Londonderry name dispute, with the form "Londonderry" preferred by unionists and "Derry" by nationalists. British authorities use the name "Londonderry". Mountsandel located near Coleraine in County Londonderry is "perhaps the oldest recorded settlement within Ireland". At an early period, what became the county of Coleraine was inhabited by the O'Cahans, who were tributary to the O'Neills. Towards the close of the reign of Elizabeth I their territory was seized by England, with the purpose of checking the power of the O'Neills, was made the county of Coleraine, named after the regional capital. A short description of County Coleraine is given in Harris's Hibernica, in Captain Pynnar's Survey of the Escheated Counties of Ulster, Anno 1618: On 2 March 1613, James I granted a charter to The Honourable The Irish Society to undertake the plantation of a new county; this county was named a combination of London and Derry. This charter declared that the "City of Londonderry" and everything contained within the new county: This new county would comprise the County Coleraine—which consisted of the baronies of Tirkeeran and Keenaght—and at the behest of The Irish Society the following additional territory was added: all but the south-west corner of the barony of Loughinsholin a part of County Tyrone, as it had sufficient wood for construction.
The Irish Society was made up of the twelve main livery companies of London, which themselves were composed of various guilds. Whilst The Irish Society as a whole was given possession of the city of Londonderry and Coleraine, the individual companies were each granted an estimated 3,210 acres throughout the county; these companies and the sites of their headquarters were: Clothworkers, based at Killowen and Clothworker's Hall in the barony of Coleraine. As a result of the Local Government Act 1898, the city was detached from the county for administrative purposes, becoming a separate county borough from 1899; the county town of County Londonderry, seat of the Londonderry County Council until its abolition in 1973, was therefore moved to the town of Coleraine. The highest point in the county is the summit of Sawel Mountain on the border with County Tyrone. Sawel is part of the Sperrin Mountains. To the east and west, the land falls into the valleys of the Foyle rivers respectively; the county is home to a number of important buildings and landscapes, including the well-preserved 17th-century city walls of Derry.