Amos Alonzo Stagg
Amos Alonzo Stagg was an American athlete and college coach in multiple sports American football. He served as the head football coach at the International Young Men's Christian Association Training School, the University of Chicago, the College of the Pacific, compiling a career college football record of 314–199–35, his Chicago Maroons teams of 1905 and 1913 have been recognized as national champions. He was the head basketball coach for one season at the University of Chicago, the head baseball coach there for 19 seasons. At the University of Chicago, Stagg instituted an annual prep basketball tournament and track meet. Both drew athletes from around the United States. Stagg played football as an end at Yale University and was selected to the first College Football All-America Team in 1889, he was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as both a player and a coach in the charter class of 1951 and was the only individual honored in both roles until the 1990s. Influential in other sports, Stagg developed basketball as a five-player sport.
This five-man concept allowed his 10 man football team the ability to compete with each other and to stay in shape over the winter. Stagg was elected to the Basketball Hall of Fame in its first group of inductees in 1959. Stagg forged a bond between sports and religious faith early in his career that remained important to him for the rest of his life. Stagg was born in a poor Irish neighborhood of West Orange, New Jersey, matriculated at Phillips Exeter Academy. Stagg attended Yale College, where he was a divinity student, a member of the Psi Upsilon fraternity, it is lesser known that he was a member of "The Order of the Skull and Bones," a controversial secret society with members including multiple former U. S. presidents. He played as a pitcher on his college baseball team, he nonetheless influenced the game through his invention of the batting cage. Stagg played on the 1888 team, he was an end on the first All-America team, selected in 1889. He abandoned the theology career and received a MPE from Young Men's Christian Training School in 1891.
On March 11, 1892, still an instructor at the YMCA School, played in the first public game of basketball at the Springfield YMCA. A crowd of 200 watched as the student team beat the faculty, 5–1. Stagg scored the only basket for the losing side, he popularized basketball teams having five players. Stagg became the first paid football coach at Williston Seminary, a secondary school, in 1890; this was Stagg's first time receiving pay to coach football. He would coach there one day a week while coaching full-time at Springfield College. Stagg coached at the University of Chicago from 1892 to 1932. University president Robert Maynard Hutchins forced out the septuagenarian Stagg, who he felt was too old to continue coaching. At age 70, Stagg moved on to the College of the Pacific in Stockton, where he coached from 1933 to 1946. In 1946 Stagg was asked to resign as football coach at Pacific. In the 1924 Summer Olympics, he served as a coach with the U. S. Olympic Track and Field team in Paris. Stagg played himself in the movie Knute Rockne, All American released in 1940.
From 1947 to 1952 he served as co-coach with his son, Amos Jr. at Susquehanna University in Pennsylvania. Stagg's final job was as kicking coach at the local junior college in Stockton, known as Stockton College. "The Grand Old Man of Football" retired from Stockton College at the age of 96 and died in Stockton, California, at 102 years old. During his career, he developed numerous basic tactics for the game, as well as some equipment. Stagg was married to the former Stella Robertson on September 10, 1894; the couple had three children: two sons, Amos Jr. and Paul, a daughter, Ruth. Both sons played for the elder Stagg as quarterbacks at the University of Chicago and each coached college football. In 1952, Barbara Stagg, Amos' granddaughter, started coaching the high school girls' basketball team for Slatington High School in Slatington, Pennsylvania. Two high schools in the United States, one in Palos Hills and the other in Stockton, an elementary school in Chicago, are named after Stagg; the NCAA Division III National Football Championship game, played in Salem, Virginia, is named the Stagg Bowl after him.
The athletic stadium at Springfield College is named Stagg Field. The football field at Susquehanna University is named Amos Alonzo Stagg Field in honor of both Stagg Sr. and Jr. Stagg was the namesake of the University of Chicago's old Stagg Field where, on December 2, 1942, a team of Manhattan Project scientists led by Enrico Fermi created the world's first controlled, self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction under the west stands of the abandoned stadium. At University of the Pacific in Stockton, one of the campus streets is known as Stagg Way and Pacific Memorial Stadium, the school's football and soccer stadium, was renamed Amos Alonzo Stagg Memorial Stadium on October 15, 1988. Phillips Exeter Academy has a field named for him and a statue. A field in West Orange, New Jersey on Saint Cloud Avenue is named for him; the Amos Alonzo Stagg Award is awarded to the "individual, group or institution whose services have been outstanding in the advancement of the best interests of football." The winner of the Big Ten Football Championship Game, started in 2011, receives the Stagg Championship
Louis Dampier is an American retired professional basketball player. A 6-foot-tall guard, Dampier is one of only a handful of men to play all nine seasons in the American Basketball Association, all with the Kentucky Colonels, he was one of just two players to play all nine ABA seasons with the same team. After the ABA–NBA merger in 1976 Dampier played three seasons in the National Basketball Association with the San Antonio Spurs. Dampier was inducted as a member of the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 2015. Dampier was played at Southport High School in the suburb of Southport, he played in an annual all-star game featuring top high-school players from Indiana and Kentucky. Dampier was a two-sport athlete at the University of Kentucky, playing baseball as well as basketball. Playing under the legendary coach Adolph Rupp, Tommy Kron and Pat Riley led Rupp's Runts to the 1966 NCAA championship game, where they lost to Texas Western College in a watershed game for college basketball.
This game spearheaded the end of racial segregation in college basketball. During his three years at Kentucky, Dampier was a two-time All-American and three-time All-Southeastern Conference selection, he was named Academic All-SEC twice and Academic All-American once. Upon graduation from Kentucky in 1967, Dampier scored 1,575 points, at the time third-most in school history behind only Cotton Nash and Alex Groza. In 1967 the Cincinnati Royals selected Dampier in the fourth round of the NBA Draft and the Kentucky Colonels selected him in the ABA draft. Dampier signed with the Kentucky Colonels of the fledgling ABA and teamed with Darel Carrier to form the most explosive backcourt duo in the league. In each of the ABA's first three seasons, both Dampier and Carrier averaged at least 20 points per game. Both were three-point field goal specialists, but Dampier who made 500 during a three-year stretch: a record 199 during the 1968–69 season, 198 in 1969–70 and 103 in 1970–71. At the conclusion of the ABA's history, Dampier made a career-record 794 3-point field goals.
He finished first all-time in the ABA in games played, minutes played, points scored, assists. During the 1970–71 season, he hit 57 consecutive free throws for what was a pro record. Seven times, he was named an ABA All-Star, he was a unanimous choice for the ABA Top 30 team. He played on the Colonels' 1975 ABA championship team, which featured a Kentucky standout, Dan Issel, as well as 7'2" center Artis Gilmore. After the 1976 season, the ABA ceased operations with two other teams folding. Dampier was selected by the San Antonio Spurs in the 1976 ABA Dispersal Draft. Playing as a role player behind George Gervin, Dampier averaged 6.7 points in 232 NBA games. Dampier served as an assistant coach with the Denver Nuggets. Several divisions in the 21st century semi-pro ABA were named after stars of the old ABA, including Dampier; the league was divided into the Red and Blue Divisions—the colors of the balls used in both the old and new ABA. Today, the league is divided into 12 regions based geographically.
Dampier was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in September 2015. Basketball-Reference.com statistics Louie Dampier's profile at Remember the ABA
Cynthia Lynne Cooper-Dyke is an American basketball coach and former player who has won championships in college, in the Olympics, in the Women's National Basketball Association. She is considered by many as one of the greatest women's basketball players ever. In 2011, she was voted by fans as one of the Top 15 players in WNBA history. Upon the league's formation, she played for the Houston Comets from 1997–2000, being named the Most Valuable Player of the WNBA Finals in all four seasons, returned to play again in 2003. On April 11, 2013 she was introduced as the head coach for the University of Southern California women's basketball team. In her first season as head coach at USC, she led the Women of Troy to their first Pac-12 conference championship and their first NCAA tournament bid since 2006. After four seasons, she resigned from USC following the 2016–17 season, she attended Locke High School before enrolling at the University of Southern California. Cooper participated athletically in both field as well as basketball.
She led her team to the California State Championship scoring an average of 31 points per game, scoring 44 points in one game. Cooper was named the Los Angeles Player of the Year. Cooper was a four-year letter winner at guard for USC from 1982–1986, she led the Women of Troy to NCAA appearances in all four years, Final Four appearances in three of her four years, back-to-back NCAA tournament titles in 1983 and 1984. After the 1984 Championship, she left school, but was persuaded to return, she completed four years with USC. Cooper closed out her collegiate career with an appearance in the 1986 NCAA tournament championship game and a spot on the NCAA Final Four All-Tournament Team. Cooper ranks eighth on USC’s all-time scoring list with 1,559 points, fifth in assists and third in steals. While Cooper was at USC, the Women of Troy compiled a record of 114–15, she earned her bachelor's degree from Prairie View A&M University in 2005. Source Cooper was named to represent the US at the 1981 William Jones Cup competition in Taipei, while still in high school.
The team won seven of eight games to win the silver medal for the event. Cooper recorded nine steals. Cooper was selected to represent the US at the inaugural Goodwill games, held in Moscow in July 1986. North Carolina State's Kay Yow served as head coach; the team opened up with a 72–53 win over Yugoslavia, followed that with a 21-point win over Brazil 91–70. The third game would be much closer. Cheryl Miller was the scoring leader in this game, scoring 26 points to help the US to a 78–70 victory; the US faced Bulgaria in the semi-final match up, again won, this time 67–58. This set up the final against the Soviet Union, led by 7-foot-2 Ivilana Semenova, considered the most dominant player in the world; the Soviet team, had a 152–2 record in major international competition over the prior three decades, including an 84–82 win over the US in the 1983 World Championships. The Soviets held the early edge, leading 21–19 at one time, before the US went on a scoring run to take a large lead they did not relinquish.
The final score was 83–60 in favor of the USA, earning the gold medal for the US squad. Cooper averaged 2.0 points per game. Cooper continued to represent the US with the national team at the 1986 World Championship, held in Moscow, a month after the Goodwill Games in Moscow; the US team was more dominant this time. The early games were won and the semifinal against Canada, while the closest game for the US so far, ended up an 82–59 victory. At the same time, the Soviet team was winning as well, the final game pitted two teams each with 6–0 records; the Soviet team, having lost only once at home, wanted to show that the Goodwill games setback was a fluke. The US team started by scoring the first eight points, raced to a 45–23 lead, although the Soviets fought back and reduced the halftime margin to 13; the US went on a 15—1 run in the second half to out the game away, ended up winning the gold medal with a score of 108–88. Cooper averaged 5.9 points per game. Cooper played for USA Basketball as part of the 1987 USA Women's Pan American Team which won a gold medal in Indianapolis, Indiana.
Cooper was a member of the gold medalist 1988 US Olympic Women's Basketball Team. and the Bronze Medal team in 1992. Cooper played for several teams in the European leagues: Samoa Bétera 1986–1987 Parma 1987–1994 Alcamo 1994–1996During her time playing for Samoa Bétera, a Spanish team, she was the league leading scorer with 36.7 ppg. During the ten years she played in the Italian leagues, she was the leagues leading scorer eight times, finished second the other two years. In 1987, she was the MVP of the European All-Star team, she was named to the All-Star team of the Italian leagues in 1996–1997. At the age of 34, Cooper signed to play with the Houston Comets, she led the league in scoring three consecutive years, galvanizing the franchise to a record four WNBA Championships. In addition, she was voted the WNBA's MVP in 1997 and 1998 and named Most Valuable Player in each of those four WNBA Finals. Cooper was named the 1998 Sportswoman of the Year by the Women's Sports Foundation. During the Comet dynasty, she was a vital part of the triple threat offense with Sheryl Swoopes and Tina Thompson.
When retired in 2000, Cooper became the first player in WNBA history to score 500, 1,000, 2,000 and 2,500 career points. She scored 30 or more points in 16 of her 120 games and had a 92-game double-figure scoring streak from 1997–2000, she went on to coach the Phoenix Mercury for one and a half seasons. Cooper r
Luther Gulick (physician)
Luther Halsey Gulick Jr. was an American physical education instructor, international basketball official, founder with his wife of the Camp Fire Girls, an international youth organization now known as Camp Fire. Gulick was born December 1865 in Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands, his father was missionary physician his mother was Louisa Lewis. His paternal grandfather Peter Johnson Gulick was an earlier missionary, he married Charlotte "Lottie" Emily Vetter of Hanover, New Hampshire in 1887. He studied at Oberlin Academy 1880–1882 and 1883–1886 and at the Sargent Normal School for physical training He graduated from the medical school of New York University in 1889. Gulick was founding superintendent of the physical education department of the International YMCA Training School, now Springfield College, in Springfield, from 1887-1900, he designed a triangle logo representing the YMCA philosophy. This evolved into the block letter "Y" used in the modern YMCA logo, as well as the Springfield College seal.
Gulick persuaded a young instructor named James Naismith, a teacher at the school, to create an indoor game that could be played during the off-season. In response, Naismith popularized basketball. Gulick worked with Naismith to spread the sport, chairing the Basketball Committee of the Amateur Athletic Union and representing the United States Olympic Committee during the 1908 Olympic Games. For his efforts to increase the popularity of basketball and of physical fitness in general, Gulick was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame as a contributor in 1959, he was principal of the Pratt Institute High School from 1900 to 1903. From 1903 to 1908, he headed physical training in the public schools of New York City, from 1908 to 1913 directed the department of child hygiene at the Russell Sage Foundation, he served as president of the American Physical Education Association in 1903-1906, of the Public School Physical Training Society in 1905-1908, of the Camp Fire Girls after 1913. He gave talks at the 1904 St. Louis World's Fair to promote his ideas for physical training in schools In 1907, Gulick was the president of the Playground Association of America, which became the National Recreation Association and the National Recreation and Park Association.
With his wife, Gulick founded the Camp Fire Girls to prepare women for work outside the home. In 1975, its name changed to Camp Fire USA as it accepted boys and girls and in 2012 it was renamed Camp Fire; the Gulicks helped create and expand the Boy Scout movement, as both the Camp Fire Girls and Boy Scouts movements helped to promote physical fitness and expand exercise opportunities for youth. Gulick recommending the secretary of the Playground Association, James E. West to head the new Boy Scouts of America. Gulick founded Camp Timanous, a boys' summer camp and Camp Wohelo, a girl's summer camp, located near Raymond, Maine, his older brother Sidney Gulick was a missionary to Japan. Sidney's son named Luther Halsey Gulick, was an expert on public administration, his sister, Frances Gulick Jewett, wrote a series of books on public health and hygiene, which were regarded as the leading publications on public sanitation for many years, biography of their father. His other siblings included Pierre Johnson Gulick.
His sister's namesake, daughter Frances Jewett Gulick was honored for her service in World War I. Gulick died August 1918 at his camp in Casco, Maine, he had just returned from France inspecting troops of the US forces in World War I. Gulick, together with his wife Charlotte, are honored with a bronze medallion on the Extra Mile National Monument. Besides editing Physical Education, Association Outlook, American Physical Education Review, the Gulick Hygiene Series, he wrote: Manual of Physical Measurements Physical Education by Muscular Exercise The Efficient Life Mind and Work The Healthful Art of Dancing Medical Inspection of Schools, with Leonard Porter Ayres Ten minutes' exercise for busy men: a complete course in physical education: five separate courses, free work, chest weights, dumb bells, Indian clubs. American Sports Publishing Company. 1902. Elizabeth Burchinal, dance educator associated with physical education. Ethel Josephine Dorgan. Luther Halsey Gulick, 1865-1918. Teachers college, Columbia university.
"Luther Halsey Gulick, was an expert and prolific writer on physical education, folk dance education and recreation. In this article Thomas Winter examines his contribution and his work with the YMCA, Campfire Girls and other organizations." Dr Luther Halsey Gulick Jr. at Find A Grave "Luther H. Gulick". Basketball Hall of Fame profile. Archived from the original on August 31, 2009. Retrieved May 7, 2010. "Luther H. Gulick". Springfield College web site. Retrieved May 10, 2010; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.. "article name needed". New International Encyclopedia. New York: Dodd, Mead
The Harlem Globetrotters are an exhibition basketball team. They combine athleticism and comedy in their style of play. Over the years, they have played more than 26,000 exhibition games in territories; the team's signature song is Brother Bones' whistled version of "Sweet Georgia Brown". Their mascot is an anthropomorphized globe named Globie; the team plays over 450 live events worldwide each year. The team is owned by Herschend Family Entertainment; the executive offices for the team are located in suburban Atlanta. The Globetrotters originated on the south side of Chicago, Illinois, in the 1920s, where all the original players were raised; the Globetrotters began as the Savoy Big Five, one of the premier attractions of the Savoy Ballroom opened in January 1928, a basketball team of African-American players that played exhibitions before dances. In 1928, several players left the team in a dispute; that autumn, those players, led by Tommy Brookins, formed a team called the "Globe Trotters" and toured Southern Illinois that spring.
Abe Saperstein became involved with the team as its promoter. By 1929, Saperstein was touring Illinois and Iowa with his basketball team called the "New York Harlem Globe Trotters". Saperstein selected Harlem, New York, New York, as their home city since Harlem was considered the center of African-American culture at the time and an out-of-town team name would give the team more of a mystique. In fact, the Globetrotters did not play in Harlem until 1968, four decades after the team's formation; the Globetrotters were perennial participants in the World Professional Basketball Tournament, winning it in 1940. In a attended matchup a few years the 1948 Globetrotters–Lakers game, the Globetrotters made headlines when they beat one of the best white basketball teams in the country, the Minneapolis Lakers. Once one of the most famous teams in the country, the Globetrotters were eclipsed by the rise of the National Basketball Association when NBA teams began fielding African-American players in the 1950s.
In 1950, Harlem Globetrotter Chuck Cooper became the first black player to be drafted in the NBA by Boston and teammate Nat "Sweetwater" Clifton became the first African-American player to sign an NBA contract when the New York Knicks purchased his contract from the Globetrotters. The Globetrotters worked comic routines into their act—a direction the team has credited to Reece "Goose" Tatum, who joined in 1941—and became known more for entertainment than sports; the Globetrotters' acts feature incredible coordination and skillful handling of one or more basketballs, such as passing or juggling balls between players, balancing or spinning balls on their fingertips, making unusually difficult shots. In 1952, the Globetrotters invited Louis "Red" Klotz to create a team to accompany them on their tours; this team, the Washington Generals, became the Globetrotters' primary opponents. The Generals are stooges for the Globetrotters, with the Globetrotters handily defeating them in thousands of games.
In 1959, the Globetrotters played nine games in Moscow after Saperstein received an invitation from Vasily Gricorevich, the director of Lenin Central Stadium. The team, which included Wilt Chamberlain, was welcomed enthusiastically by spectators and authorities. However, according to one report, spectators were confused: "A Soviet audience of 14,000 sat silently, as if in awe, through the first half of the game, it warmed up in the second half when it realized the Trotters are more show than competition." The Globetrotters brought their own opponent—not the Washington Generals, but the San Francisco Chinese Basketeers. A review in Pravda stated, "This is not basketball; the American press—particularly Drew Pearson—made note of the fact that the Globetrotters were paid the equivalent of $4,000, which could be spent only in Moscow. The games were used as evidence that U. S.–Soviet relations were improving, that Moscow was backing off its criticism of race relations inside America, that the USSR was becoming more capitalist.
Many famous basketball players have played for the Globetrotters. Greats such as "Wee" Willie Gardner, Connie "The Hawk" Hawkins, Wilt "The Stilt" Chamberlain, Nat "Sweetwater" Clifton went on to join the NBA; the Globetrotters signed their first female player, Olympic gold medalist Lynette Woodard, in 1985. The Globetrotters have featured thirteen female players in their history. Baseball Hall of Famers Ernie Banks, Bob Gibson, Ferguson Jenkins played for the team at one time or another; because nearly all of the team's players have been African American, as a result of the buffoonery involved in many of the Globetrotters' skits, they drew some criticism during the Civil Rights era. The players were accused by some civil-rights advocates of "Tomming for Abe", a reference to Uncle Tom and Jewish owner Abe Saperstein. However, prominent civil rights activist Jesse Jackson came to their defense by stating, "I think they've been a positive influence... They did not show blacks as stupid. On the contrary, they were shown as superior."
In 1995, Orlando Antigua became the first Hispanic player on the team. He was the first non-black player on the Globetrotters' roster since Bob Karstens played with the squad in 1942–43. While parts of a modern
Earvin "Magic" Johnson Jr. is an American retired professional basketball player and former president of basketball operations of the Los Angeles Lakers of the National Basketball Association. He played point guard for the Lakers for 13 seasons. After winning championships in high school and college, Johnson was selected first overall in the 1979 NBA draft by the Lakers, he won a championship and an NBA Finals Most Valuable Player Award in his rookie season, won four more championships with the Lakers during the 1980s. Johnson retired abruptly in 1991 after announcing that he had contracted HIV, but returned to play in the 1992 All-Star Game, winning the All-Star MVP Award. After protests from his fellow players, he retired again for four years, but returned in 1996, at age 36, to play 32 games for the Lakers before retiring for the third and final time. Johnson's career achievements include three NBA MVP Awards, nine NBA Finals appearances, twelve All-Star games, ten All-NBA First and Second Team nominations.
He led the league in regular-season assists four times, is the NBA's all-time leader in average assists per game, at 11.2. Johnson was a member of the 1992 United States men's Olympic basketball team, which won the Olympic gold medal in 1992. After leaving the NBA in 1992, Johnson formed the Magic Johnson All-Stars, a barnstorming team that travelled around the world playing exhibition games. Johnson was honored as one of the 50 Greatest Players in NBA History in 1996. Johnson became a two-time inductee into the Basketball Hall of Fame—being enshrined in 2002 for his individual career, again in 2010 as a member of the "Dream Team", he was rated the greatest NBA point guard of all time by ESPN in 2007. His friendship and rivalry with Boston Celtics star Larry Bird, whom he faced in the 1979 NCAA finals and three NBA championship series, are well documented. Since his retirement, Johnson has been an advocate for HIV/AIDS prevention and safe sex, as well as an entrepreneur, philanthropist and motivational speaker.
His public announcement of his HIV-positive status in 1991 helped dispel the stereotype, still held at the time, that HIV was a "gay disease" that heterosexuals need not worry about. Named by Ebony magazine as one of America's most influential black businessmen in 2009, Johnson has numerous business interests, was a part-owner of the Lakers for several years. Johnson is part of a group of investors that purchased the Los Angeles Dodgers in 2012 and the Los Angeles Sparks in 2014. Earvin Johnson Jr. was born in Lansing, the son of General Motors assembly worker Earvin Sr. and school janitor Christine. Johnson, who had six siblings, was influenced by his parents' strong work ethic, his mother spent many hours after work each night cleaning their home and preparing the next day's meals, while his father did janitorial work at a used car lot and collected garbage, all while never missing a day at General Motors. Johnson would help his father on the garbage route, he was teased by neighborhood children who called him "Garbage Man".
Johnson came to love basketball as a youngster. His favorite basketball player was Bill Russell, whom he admired more for his many championships than his athletic ability, he idolized players such as Earl Monroe and Marques Haynes, practiced "all day". Johnson came from an athletic family, his father played high school basketball in his home state of Mississippi, Johnson learned the finer points about the game from him. Johnson's mother from North Carolina, had played basketball as a child, she grew up watching her brothers play the game. By the time he had reached the eighth grade, Johnson had begun to think about a future in basketball, he had become a dominant junior high player. Johnson looked forward to playing at Sexton High School, a school with a successful basketball team and history that happened to be only five blocks from his home, his plans underwent a dramatic change when he learned that he would be bused to the predominately white Everett High School instead of going to Sexton, predominately black.
Johnson's sister Pearl and his brother Larry had bused to Everett the previous year and did not have a pleasant experience. There were incidents of racism, with rocks being thrown at buses carrying black students and white parents refusing to send their children to school. Larry was kicked off the basketball team after a confrontation during practice, prompting him to beg his brother not to play. Johnson did join the basketball team but became angry after several days when his new teammates ignored him during practice, not passing the ball to him, he nearly got into a fight with another player. Johnson accepted his situation and the small group of black students looked to him as their leader; when recalling the events in his autobiography, My Life, he talked about how his time at Everett had changed him: Johnson was first dubbed "Magic" as a 15-year-old sophomore playing for Everett High School, when he recorded a triple-double of 36 points, 18 rebounds, 16 assists. After the game, Fred Stabley Jr. a sports writer for the Lansing State Journal, gave him the moniker despite the belief of Johnson's mother, a Christian, that the name was sacrilegious.
In his final high school season, Johnson led Everett to a 27–1 win–loss record while averaging 28.8 points and 16.8 rebounds per game, took his team to an overtime victory in the state championship game. Johnson dedicated the championship victory to his best friend Reggie Chastine, killed in a car accident the p
Hoboken, New Jersey
Hoboken is a city in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 50,005, having grown by 11,428 from 38,577 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 5,180 from the 33,397 in the 1990 Census. Hoboken is part of the New York metropolitan area and is the site of Hoboken Terminal, a major transportation hub for the tri-state region. Hoboken was first settled as part of the New Netherland colony in the 17th century. During the early 19th century the city was developed by Colonel John Stevens, first as a resort and as a residential neighborhood. Part of Bergen Township and North Bergen Township, it became a separate township in 1849 and was incorporated as a city in 1855. Hoboken is the location of the first recorded game of baseball and of the Stevens Institute of Technology, one of the oldest technological universities in the United States. Located on the Hudson Waterfront, the city was an integral part of the Port of New York and New Jersey and home to major industries for most of the 20th century.
It is well known for being the birthplace and hometown of American singer Frank Sinatra, one of the most popular and most influential musical artists of the 20th century, there are parks and streets located in the city that are named for him. The character of the city has changed from a blue collar town to one of upscale shops and condominiums. On October 29, 2012, Hoboken was devastated by the storm surge and high winds associated with Hurricane Sandy, leaving 1,700 homes flooded and causing $100 million in damage after the storm "filled up Hoboken like a bathtub". In June 2014, the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development allocated $230 million to Hoboken as part of its Rebuild by Design initiative, adding levees, green roofs, retention basins and other infrastructure to help the low-lying riverfront city protect itself from ordinary flooding and build a network of features to help Hoboken survive storms that arrive once every 500 years; the name "Hoboken" was chosen by Colonel John Stevens when he bought land, on a part of which the city still sits.
The Lenape tribe of Native Americans referred to the area as the "land of the tobacco pipe", most to refer to the soapstone collected there to carve tobacco pipes, used a phrase that became "Hopoghan Hackingh". Like Weehawken, its neighbor to the north and Harsimus to the south, Hoboken had many variations in the folks-tongue. Hoebuck, old Dutch for high bluff and referring to Castle Point, was used during the colonial era and spelled as Hobuck, Hobock and Hoboocken. However, in the nineteenth century, the name was changed to Hoboken, influenced by Flemish Dutch immigrants and a folk etymology had emerged linking the town of Hoboken to the similarly-named Hoboken district of Antwerp. Today, Hoboken's unofficial nickname is the "Mile Square City", but it covers about 1.25 square miles of land and an area of 2 square miles when including the under-water parts in the Hudson River. During the late 19th/early 20th century the population and culture of Hoboken was dominated by German language speakers who sometimes called it "Little Bremen", many of whom are buried in Hoboken Cemetery, North Bergen.
Hoboken was an island, surrounded by the Hudson River on the east and tidal lands at the foot of the New Jersey Palisades on the west. It was a seasonal campsite in the territory of the Hackensack, a phratry of the Lenni Lenape, who used the serpentine rock found there to carve pipes; the first recorded European to lay claim to the area was Henry Hudson, an Englishman sailing for the Dutch East India Company, who anchored his ship the Halve Maen at Weehawken Cove on October 2, 1609. Soon after it became part of the province of New Netherland. In 1630, Michael Reyniersz Pauw, a burgemeester of Amsterdam and a director of the Dutch West India Company, received a land grant as patroon on the condition that he would plant a colony of not fewer than fifty persons within four years on the west bank of what had been named the North River. Three Lenape sold the land, to become Hoboken for 80 fathoms of wampum, 20 fathoms of cloth, 12 kettles, six guns, two blankets, one double kettle and half a barrel of beer.
These transactions, variously dated as July 12, 1630 and November 22, 1630, represent the earliest known conveyance for the area. Pauw failed to settle the land, he was obliged to sell his holdings back to the Company in 1633, it was acquired by Hendrick Van Vorst, who leased part of the land to Aert Van Putten, a farmer. In 1643, north of what would be known as Castle Point, Van Putten built a house and a brewery, North America's first. In series of Indian and Dutch raids and reprisals, Van Putten was killed and his buildings destroyed, all residents of Pavonia were ordered back to New Amsterdam. Deteriorating relations with the Lenape, its isolation as an island, or long distance from New Amsterdam may have discouraged more settlement. In 1664, the English took possession of New Amsterdam with little or no resistance, in 1668 they confirmed a previous land patent by Nicolas Verlett. In 1674–75 the area became part of East Jersey, the province was divided into four administrative districts, Hoboken becoming part of Bergen County, where it remained until the creation of Hudson County on February 22, 1840.
English-speaking settlers interspersed with the Dutch, but it remained scarcely populated and agrarian. Event