Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library and the OCLC on August 6, 2003; the Bibliothèque nationale de France joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records.
The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records. Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Integrated Authority File International Standard Authority Data Number International Standard Name Identifier Wikipedia's authority control template for articles Official website VIAF at OCLC
Huntington, New York
The Town of Huntington is one of ten towns in Suffolk County, New York, United States. Founded in 1653, it is located on the north shore of Long Island in northwestern Suffolk County, with Long Island Sound to its north and Nassau County adjacent to the west. Huntington is part of the New York metropolitan area; as of the United States 2010 Census, the town population was 203,264. In 1653, three men from Oyster Bay, Richard Holbrook, Robert Williams and Daniel Whitehead, purchased a parcel of land from the Matinecock tribe; this parcel has since come to be known as the "First Purchase" and included land bordered by Cold Spring Harbor on the west, Northport Harbor on the east, what is now known as Old Country Road to the south and Long Island Sound to the north. The three men turned the land over to the settlers, living there. From that initial settlement, Huntington grew over subsequent years to include all of the land presently comprising the modern Towns of Huntington and Babylon; the southern part of the town was formally separated to create Babylon in 1872.
Because Huntington was populated by English settlers, unlike the rest of the New Amsterdam colony, the town voted in 1660 to become part of the Connecticut colony rather than remain under the authority of New Amsterdam. It was not until the British gained control of New Amsterdam in 1664 that Huntington was formally restored to the jurisdiction of New York. Following the Battle of Long Island during the American Revolutionary War, British troops used Huntington as their headquarters, remained encamped there until the end of the war; the arrival of the Long Island Rail Road in 1867 transformed the economy of Huntington from agriculture and shipping to tourism and commuting. Cold Spring Harbor became a popular summer resort; the end of World War II brought about an explosive growth of population in Huntington, as in the rest of the region. Farms and resorts gave way to homes, Huntington has transformed into a major bedroom community for nearby New York City; as of the census of 2000, there were 195,289 people, 65,917 households, 52,338 families residing in the town.
The population density was 2,078.4 people per square mile. There were 67,708 housing units at an average density of 720.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town in 2000 was 88.31% White, 4.22% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 3.50% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.27% from other races, 1.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.58% of the population. As of the census of 2010, the racial makeup of the town was 84.15% White, 4.68% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 4.96% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 3.89% from other races, 2.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.00% of the population. There were 65,917 households out of which 37.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.4% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.6% were non-families. 16.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.26. In the town, the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.4 males. According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the town was $102,865, the median income for a family was $113,119. Males had a median income of $61,748 versus $40,825 for females; the per capita income for the town was $36,390. About 2.9% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.1% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over. The town government consists of a town council with four members; the town supervisor is elected by the entire town. Other elected positions are the Town Clerk, Highway Superintendent, Receiver of Taxes. A referendum to move to a ward district system on December 22, 2009 failed 81% to 18%.
Sbarro's headquarters were located in Melville in the Town of Huntington until 2015. Around 2002, Swiss International Air Lines's North American headquarters moved from Melville to Uniondale, Town of Hempstead; the facility, the former Swissair North American headquarter site, was completed in 1995. Swissair intended to own, instead of lease, its headquarters site, it enlisted architect Richard Meier to design the Melville facility. In 1997, Aer Lingus announced that it was moving its North American headquarters from Manhattan to Melville; the move would transfer 75 employees, including administrative personnel, marketing personnel, sales personnel, telephone reservation agents. The airline planned to move on June 15, 1997; the airline had considered sites in Boston and in Westchester, New York. According to Huntington's 2016 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the town are: Huntington is home to two colleges and universities, including: Five Towns College in Dix Hills Seminary of the Immaculate Conception There are a number of notable schools in Huntington.
Several weekly newspapers cover local news including The Long-Islander, since 1838 as well as The Times of Huntington by TBR News Media. The Village Connection Magazine, published by Jim Savalli, is a lifestyle and ente
James Kern Kyser, known as Kay Kyser, was an American bandleader and radio personality of the 1930s and 1940s. James Kern Kyser was born in Rocky Mount, North Carolina, the son of pharmacists Emily Royster and Paul Bynum Kyser. Journalist and newspaper editor Vermont C. Royster was his cousin. Kyser graduated from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill with a Bachelor of Arts degree, he was senior class president. Owing to his popularity and enthusiasm as a cheerleader, he was invited by Hal Kemp to take over as bandleader when Kemp ventured north to further his career, he was better as an entertaining announcer than a musician. He adopted the initial of his middle name for its alliterative effect. See main article, Kay Kyser's Kollege of Musical Knowledge. Long before his national success, Kyser recorded two sessions for Victor in the late 1920s; these were issued on Victor's V-40000 series devoted to country music and regional dance bands. Following graduation and his band, which included Sully Mason on saxophone and arranger George Duning, toured Midwest restaurants and night clubs and built a following.
They were popular at Chicago's Blackhawk restaurant, where Kyser came up with an act combining a quiz with music which became "Kay Kyser's Kollege of Musical Knowledge." The act was broadcast on the Mutual Broadcasting System in 1938 and moved to NBC Radio from 1939 to 1949. The show spawned many imitators. Kyser led the band as "The Ol' Perfessor," spouting catchphrases, some with a degree of Southern American English terms: "That's right—you're wrong", "Evenin' folks, how y'all?" and "C'mon, chillun! Le's dance!" Although Kyser and his orchestra gained fame through the "Kollege of Musical Knowledge," they were a successful band in their own right. They had 11 number one records, including some of the most popular songs of the late 1930s and early 1940s. Unlike most other big bands of the era, which centered on only the bandleader, individual members of Kyser's band became stars in their own right and would receive the spotlight; some of the more popular members included vocalist Harry Babbitt, cornetist Merwyn Bogue, trombonist Bruce King, saxophonist Jack Martin, Ginny Simms, Sully Mason, Mike Douglas and Georgia Carroll.
Carroll, a blond fashion model and actress whose best-known role was Betsy Ross in Yankee Doodle Dandy, was dubbed "Gorgeous Georgia Carroll" when she joined the group in 1943. Within a year and Kyser married. Kyser was known for singing song titles, a device copied by Sammy Kaye and Blue Barron; when the song began, one of the band's lead singers sang the title phrase, the first verse or two of the song was performed instrumentally before the lyrics resumed. Several of his recordings spawned catch phrases, such as "Praise the Lord and Pass the Ammunition", his group had a major hit with the novelty tune, "Three Little Fishes". It sold over one million copies, was awarded a gold disc by the RIAA. During the Swing Era, Hal Kemp and Tal Henry performed in or near New York City, making possible a reunion of North Carolina musicians. After retirement and Henry got together to share music world memories. During the late 1930s and early 1940s, Kyser's band appeared in several motion pictures as themselves, beginning with the successful That's Right - You're Wrong, You'll Find Out, Playmates and My Favorite Spy.
Some of the films built a plot around the band. Around the World fictionalized the band's international tours of military camps. In Carolina Blues, Kyser has to replace his lead singer. Caught in a jam, he reluctantly hires the daughter of a powerful defense plant owner, played by Ann Miller. Two of the band's best-known performance appearances were in 1943 when they appeared in the wartime films Stage Door Canteen and Thousands Cheer. Kyser appeared as a light comedian. Kyser is the dupe in a scam. Kyser appeared in a Porky Pig cartoon, Africa Squeaks. In the cartoon, he voiced a caricature of himself called "Cake-Icer," at the request of director Bob Clampett. After the war, Kyser's band continued to record hit records, including two featuring Jane Russell as vocalist. It's All Up to You features vocals by Frank Sinatra and Dinah Shore, although Kyser's participation in this recording is disputed, record label showing Axel Stordahl as conductor. Kyser had intended to retire following the end of the war, but performance and recording contracts kept him in show business for another half decade.
During this time, Kyser made a cameo appearance in a Batman comic book. Kyser was first to introduce the new sonic audio process called the'sonovox', a singing electronic voice triggered by music; the Sonovox would be used by Jingle Companies such as PAMS and JAM Creative Productions, said jingles would be used in heavy rotation by rock radio stations such as WABC, WMEX, WXYZ, KONO, WKDA, WHTZ. In 1949 and 1950, "Kay Kyser's Kollege of Musical Knowledge" aired on NBC-TV. In addition to Kyser, the TV show featured Ish Kabibble and vocalists Mike Douglas, Sue Bennett and Liza Palmer, plus The Honeydreamers vocal group and the dance team of Diane Sinclair and Ken Spaulding. Ben Grauer was the ann
Red Norvo was one of jazz's early vibraphonists, known as "Mr. Swing", he helped establish the xylophone and vibraphone as jazz instruments. His recordings included "Dance of the Octopus", "Bughouse", "Knockin' on Wood", "Congo Blues", "Hole in the Wall". Red Norvo was born in Illinois, his career began in Chicago with a band called "The Collegians" in 1925. He played with many other bands, including an all-marimba band on the vaudeville circuit, the bands of Paul Whiteman, Benny Goodman, Charlie Barnet, Woody Herman, he recorded with Billie Holiday, Dinah Shore and Frank Sinatra. Norvo and his wife were known as "Mr. and Mrs. Swing." He appeared as himself in the film Screaming Mimi and in Ocean's 11, accompanying Dean Martin while he sang "Ain't That a Kick in the Head?". In 1933 he recorded two sessions for Brunswick under his own name; the first, "Knockin' on Wood" and "Hole in the Wall", pleased Brunswick's recording director Jack Kapp, Norvo was booked for another session. This time, Kapp was out of town and Norvo went ahead and recorded two early pieces of chamber jazz: "In a Mist" by Bix Beiderbecke's and Norvo's own "Dance of the Octopus".
He played marimba instead of xylophone in the second session, accompanied by Benny Goodman in a rare performance at bass clarinet, Dick McDonough on guitar, Artie Bernstein on double bass. Kapp was outraged when he tore up Norvo's contract; this modern record remained in print through the 1930s. Norvo recorded eight modern swing sides for Columbia in 1934–1935, fifteen sides for Decca and their short-lived Champion label series in 1936. Starting in 1936 through 1942, Norvo formed a swing orchestra and recorded for ARC, first on their Brunswick label Vocalion and Columbia after CBS bought ARC; the recordings featured arrangements by Eddie Sauter with Mildred Bailey as vocalist. In 1938, Red Norvo and His Orchestra reached number one with their recordings of "Please Be Kind", number one for two weeks, "Says My Heart", with lead vocals by Bailey, number one for four weeks on the pop charts, reaching number one during the week of June 18, 1938. In June 1945, while a member of the Benny Goodman Sextet, he recorded a session for Comet Records that employed members of Goodman's group, Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie.
About the session Norvo said, "Diz were dirty words for musicians of my generation. But jazz had always gone through changes and in 1945 we were in the middle of another one. Bird and Diz were saying new things in an exciting way. I had a free hand, so I gambled". In 1949, while trying to find work near home on the West Coast and running into difficulties with large groups, Norvo formed a trio with the novel combination of vibes and bass; when the original guitarist and bassist quit, he brought in two little-known players. Tal Farlow became one of the most important of the postwar generation of guitarists, in part because the demands of the trio led him to explore changes in tempo and harmony. Farlow left the group in 1953 and guitarist Jimmy Raney took his place. Charles Mingus's prominence as a bass player increased through this group, though its repertoire did not reflect the career he would develop as a composer. Mingus left in 1951 and Red Mitchell replaced him; the Norvo and Mingus trio recorded two albums for Savoy Records.
In 1959, Norvo's group played concerts in Australia with Frank Sinatra. Norvo and his group made several appearances on The Dinah Shore Chevy Show in the late 1950s and early'60s. Norvo recorded and toured throughout his career until a stroke in the mid-1980s forced him into retirement, he died at a convalescent home in Santa Monica, California at the age of 91. Red Norvo composed the following instrumentals during his career: "Dance of the Octopus", "Bughouse" with Irving Mills and Teddy Wilson, "The Night is Blue", "A Cigarette and a Silhouette", "Congo Blues", "Seein' Red", "Blues in E Flat", "Hole in the Wall", "Knockin' on Wood", "Decca Stomp", "Tomboy", "1-2-3-4 Jump". Red Norvo's Fabulous Jazz Session Red Norvo with Strings Vibe-Rations in Hi-Fi Midnight on Cloud 69 Move! with Tal Farlow, Charles Mingus The Red Norvo Trios Music to Listen to Red Norvo By Ad Lib with Buddy Collette Some of My Favorites Red Plays the Blues Windjammer City Style Red Norvo in Hi-Fi Pretty Is the Only Way to Fly The Second Time Around Live at Rick's Cafe Red and Ross Just Friends Red Norvo:'Mr.
Swing' at NPR Jazz Profiles Red Norvo Interview NAMM Oral History Library
Alton Glenn Miller was an American big-band trombonist, arranger and bandleader in the swing era. He was the best-selling recording artist from leading one of the best-known big bands. Miller's recordings include "In the Mood", "Moonlight Serenade", "Pennsylvania 6-5000", "Chattanooga Choo Choo", "A String of Pearls", "At Last", " Kalamazoo", "American Patrol", "Tuxedo Junction", "Elmer's Tune", "Little Brown Jug". In just four years Glenn Miller scored 16 number-one records and 69 top ten hits—more than Elvis Presley and the Beatles did in their careers. While he was traveling to entertain U. S. troops in France during World War II, Miller's aircraft disappeared in bad weather over the English Channel. The son of Mattie Lou and Lewis Elmer Miller, Glenn Miller was born in Iowa, he attended grade school in North Platte in western Nebraska. In 1915, his family moved to Missouri. Around this time, he had made enough money from milking cows to buy his first trombone and played in the town orchestra.
He played cornet and mandolin, but he switched to trombone by 1916. In 1918 the Miller family moved again, this time to Fort Morgan, where he went to high school. In the fall of 1919 he joined the high-school football team, which won the Northern Colorado American Football Conference in 1920, he was named Best Left End in Colorado. During his senior year he became interested in "dance band music", he was so taken. By the time he graduated from high school in 1921 he had decided to become a professional musician. In 1923 Miller entered the University of Colorado in Boulder, he spent most of his time away from school, attending auditions and playing any gigs he could get, including with Boyd Senter's band in Denver. After failing three out of five classes, he dropped out of school to pursue a career in music, he studied the Schillinger System with Joseph Schillinger, under whose tutelage he composed what became his signature theme, "Moonlight Serenade". In 1926 Miller toured with several groups, landing a good spot in Ben Pollack's group in Los Angeles.
He played for Victor Young, which allowed him to be mentored by other professional musicians. In the beginning he was the main trombone soloist of the band, but when Jack Teagarden joined Pollack's band in 1928, Miller found that his solos were cut drastically. He realized that his future was in composing, he had a songbook published in Chicago in 1928 entitled Glenn Miller's 125 Jazz Breaks for Trombone by the Melrose Brothers. During his time with Pollack, he wrote several arrangements, he wrote his first composition, "Room 1411", with Benny Goodman, Brunswick Records released it as a 78 under the name "Benny Goodman's Boys". In 1928, when the band arrived in New York City, he sent for and married his college sweetheart, Helen Burger, he was a member of Red Nichols's orchestra in 1930, because of Nichols, he played in the pit bands of two Broadway shows, Strike Up the Band and Girl Crazy. The band included Gene Krupa. During the late 1920s and early 1930s Miller worked as a freelance trombonist in several bands.
On a March 21, 1928 Victor Records session he played alongside Tommy Dorsey, Benny Goodman, Joe Venuti in the All-Star Orchestra directed by Nat Shilkret. He arranged and played trombone on several significant Dorsey Brothers sessions for OKeh Records, including "The Spell of the Blues", "Let's Do It", "My Kinda Love", all with Bing Crosby on vocals. On November 14, 1929, vocalist Red McKenzie hired Miller to play on two records: "Hello, Lola" and "If I Could Be With You One Hour Tonight". Beside Miller were saxophonist Coleman Hawkins, clarinetist Pee Wee Russell, guitarist Eddie Condon, drummer Gene Krupa. In the early-to-mid-1930s, Miller worked as a trombonist and composer for The Dorsey Brothers, first when they were a Brunswick studio group and when they formed an ill-fated orchestra. Miller composed the songs "Annie's Cousin Fanny", "Dese Dem Dose", "Harlem Chapel Chimes", "Tomorrow's Another Day" for the Dorsey Brothers Band in 1934 and 1935. In 1935, he assembled an American orchestra for British bandleader Ray Noble, developing the arrangement of lead clarinet over four saxophones that became a characteristic of his big band.
Members of the Noble band included Claude Thornhill, Bud Freeman, Charlie Spivak. Miller made his first movie appearance in The Big Broadcast of 1936 as a member of the Ray Noble Orchestra performing "Why Stars Come Out at Night"; the film included performances by Dorothy Dandridge and the Nicholas Brothers, who would appear with Miller again in two movies for Twentieth Century Fox in 1941 and 1942. In 1937, Miller formed his first band. After failing to distinguish itself from the many bands of the time, it broke up after its last show at the Ritz Ballroom in Bridgeport, Connecticut on January 2, 1938. Benny Goodman said in 1976: In late 1937, before his band became popular, we were both playing in Dallas. Glenn came to see me, he asked, "What do you do? How do you make it?" I said, "Glenn. You just stay with it." Discouraged, Miller returned to New York. He realized that he needed to develop a unique sound, decided to make the clarinet play a melodic line with a tenor saxophone holding the same note, while three other saxophones harmonized within a single octave.
George T. Simon discovered. Miller hired Schwartz, but instead had him play lead clarinet. According to Simon, "Willie's tone and way of playing provided a fullness and richness so distinctive that none of the
Gordon Lee "Tex" Beneke was an American saxophonist and bandleader. His career is a history of associations with bandleader Glenn Miller and former musicians and singers who worked with Miller, his band is associated with the careers of Eydie Gormé, Henry Mancini and Ronnie Deauville. Beneke solos on the recording the Glenn Miller Orchestra made of their popular song "In The Mood" and sings on another popular Glenn Miller recording, "Chattanooga Choo Choo". Jazz critic Will Friedwald considers Beneke to be one of the major blues singers who sang with the big bands of the early 1940s. Beneke was born in Texas, he started playing saxophone when he was nine, going from soprano to alto to tenor saxophones and staying with the latter. His first professional work was with bandleader Ben Young in 1935, but it was when he joined the Glenn Miller Orchestra three years that his career hit its stride. Beneke said: "It seems that Gene Krupa was forming his own first band, he was flying all over the country looking for new talent and he stopped at our ballroom one night.
Gene wound up taking three of our boys with him back to New York. Wanted to take but his sax section was filled." Krupa recommended Beneke to Miller. Whatever concerns Miller might have had about Beneke's playing were dismissed. On the August 1, 1939, recording made of the Joe Garland composition "In The Mood", Beneke trades two-measure tenor solo exchanges with his fellow section-mate Al Klink. Miller's 1941 recording of "A String of Pearls" has Beneke and Klink trading two-measure tenor solo phrases. Beneke appears with Miller and his band in the films Sun Valley Serenade and Orchestra Wives, both of which helped propel the singer/saxophonist to the top of the Metronome polls. Tex Beneke is listed in the personnel of the 1941 Metronome All-Star Band led by Benny Goodman. In 1942, Glenn Miller's orchestra won the first Gold Record awarded for "Chattanooga Choo Choo". " Tex Beneke was the featured singer in the movie and on the Victor/Bluebird recording that featured band vocalist Paula Kelly and the Modernaires, a vocal group of four male singers, who were regular members of the Miller entourage.
"Chattanooga Choo Choo", catalogue number Bluebird 11230-B, was recorded by the Miller band at the Victor recording studios in Hollywood, May 7, 1941. Hoping to repeat the success of "Chattanooga" the following year, songwriters Warren and Gordon composed "I've Got a Gal in Kalamazoo" for the "Orchestra Wives" score; that arrangement featured Beneke, the Modernaires and band vocalist Marion Hutton in a not-too-dissimilar fashion. Not "Kalamazoo" became another hit record for Miller and the band though not to the extent that "Chattanooga" had been the year before. By the U. S. was involved in World War II and "Kalamazoo's" success was short-lived because Miller disbanded his group only three months after the record was made and four months following the filming of "Orchestra Wives". When Miller broke up the band in August 1942 to join the Army Air Force, Beneke played briefly with Horace Heidt before joining the Navy himself, leading a Navy band in Oklahoma. While employed with Miller, Beneke was offered his own band, as Miller had done with colleagues and employees like Hal McIntyre, Claude Thornhill and Charlie Spivak.
Beneke wanted to come back to Miller after the war and learn more about leading a band before being given his own band. Beneke led two bands in the navy and kept in touch with Glenn Miller while they were both serving in the military. By 1945, Beneke felt ready to lead his own orchestra. Glenn Miller went missing on December 1944, while flying to France from England. After World War Two, the United States Army Air Force decommissioned the Glenn Miller-led Army Air Force band; the Miller estate authorized an official Glenn Miller "ghost band" in 1946. This band was led by Tex Beneke, it had a make up similar to Glenn Miller's Army Air Force Band. The orchestra's official public début was at the Capitol Theatre on Broadway where it opened for a three-week engagement on January 24, 1946. Henry Mancini was one of the arrangers. Another arranger was Norman Leyden, who previously arranged for the Glenn Miller Army Air Force Band; this ghost band played to large audiences all across the United States, including a few dates at the Hollywood Palladium in 1947, where the original Miller band played in 1941.
The movie short Tex Beneke and the Glenn Miller Band was released by RKO pictures in 1947 with Lillian Lane, Artie Malvin and The Crew Chiefs vocal group performing. In a sarcastic article in Time magazine from June 2, 1947, the magazine notes that the Beneke-led Miller orchestra was playing at the same venue the original Miller band played in 1939, the Glen Island Casino. Beneke's quote about the big band business at the time closes the article, "I don't know whether Glenn figured that times would be as tough". By 1949, economics dictated; this band recorded for RCA Victor, just as