Mawsata

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State of Mawsata
دولة الموسطة
State of the Protectorate of South Arabia

1780–1967
Location of Mawsata
Map of the Federation of South Arabia
Government Sheikhdom
Historical era 20th century
 •  Established 1780
 •  Disestablished 1967

Mawsata, Mausata (Arabic: الموسطة‎), or the Mawsata State (Arabic: دولة الموسطةDawlat Mawsaṭah), was a state in the British Aden Protectorate. Mawsata was located in the western and southwestern part of Upper Yafa. The main mountain in the area is Jabal Darfan.

Mawsata was the most populated of the five sheikhdoms of Upper Yafa. The last ruler was deposed in 1967 upon the founding of the People's Republic of South Yemen and the area is now part of the Republic of Yemen.[1]

History[edit]

The State of Mawsata (Dawlat Mawsata) was established in 1780. Owing to family dissensions, in 1860 the ruling family was divided into two lineages. Around 1904 the state became a British protectorate.

Mawsata was part of the Protectorate of South Arabia until 1967 when it was abolished.[2]

Rulers[edit]

The ruler of Mawsata State bore the title Naqib.[3]

  • 1780 - 1810 al-Qasim Al Harhara
  • 1810 - 1840 `Ali ibn al-Qasim Al Harhara
  • 1840 - 1860 `Askar ibn `Ali Al Harhara

Lineage 1[edit]

  • 1860 - 1907 `Ali ibn `Askar Al Harhara
  • 1907 - 1940 Naji ibn `Ali ibn `Askar Al Harhara
  • 1940 - Jan 1963 Ahmad ibn Abi Bakr ibn `Ali Al Harhara
  • Feb 1963 - Jun 1967 `Aydarus ibn Ahmad Al Harhara

Lineage 2[edit]

  • 1860 - 1920 Muhsin ibn `Askar Al Harhara
  • 1920 - 1946 Muhammad ibn Muhsin ibn `Askar Al Harhara
  • 1946 - 1959 al-Husayn ibn Salih ibn Muhsin Al Harhara
  • 1959 - Jun 1967 Salih ibn al-Husayn ibn Salih Al Harhara

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Paul Dresch. A History of Modern Yemen. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000
  2. ^ R.J. Gavin. Aden Under British Rule: 1839-1967. London: C. Hurst & Company, 1975
  3. ^ States of the Aden Protectorates

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 14°26′N 44°16′E / 14.433°N 44.267°E / 14.433; 44.267