Alford is a town in Lincolnshire, about 11 miles north-west of the coastal resort of Skegness, at the foot of the Lincolnshire Wolds, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Its population was 3,459 in the 2011 Census, an electoral ward of the same name exists. It stretches east to the coast, with a population of 4,531, alfords retail outlets cater mainly for local demand. Shops include a pharmacy, a grocery, two butchers and DIY and homeware stores, there is a large shop which specialises in dolls houses and their contents. There are two supermarkets, in Church Street and West Street, the five public houses are the Half Moon Hotel, Windmill Hotel, George and White Hart. Two of these still operate - the Half Moon having a tea shop and is the venue for many local activities. The Anchor is in the process of being renovated, the town has branches of Lloyds Bank and the Yorkshire Building Society. National Health and private dentists are located in South Street and Merton Lodge, a crematorium opened on the outskirts in 2008.
Market day in Alford is Tuesday, the main market is held in the Market Place, with stalls of groceries and other small items. Alfords Craft Market has been held every August bank holiday since the 1970s in the grounds of the manor house, the cattle market closed in 1987. A smaller weekly market is held in the Corn Exchange every Tuesday and Friday, since Christmas 2005, European markets have been held on public holidays. Traders from the near continent mainly sell food items, Beechings Way Industrial Estate in the south-west of the town includes companies for printing and manufacturing, a builders merchant, and a postal sorting office. The estate is built on the right-of-way of the East Lincolnshire Railway line from Grimsby to Boston, the naming of the industrial estate as Beechings Way is a wry reminder of Richard Beeching, who masterminded the nationwide cutbacks in the publicly owned British Railways. The towns former largest employer, known as C. S. Martin and Finnveden Powertrain Ltd, following redundancies, the factory now operates as Gnutti Carlo UK Ltd.
There is a daytime, Monday-to-Friday bus service to Skegness, a single Wednesday service on to Boston, Alford is known for its Grade I listed five-sailed windmill, a tower mill built in 1837 by Sam Oxley, an Alford millwright. In its heyday it was capable of grinding 4 to 5 tons of corn per day, after two years standing idle, it was restored to full working order in 1957. It is used commercially to produce organic flour and cereal. It is the only surviving in Alford
East Midlands Ambulance Service
In 2011 EMAS received over 776,000 emergency 999 calls. EMAS have a total of 67 ambulance stations, although four are vacant, as of December 2014 EMAS have 522 ambulance vehicles, more than half of which are more than five years old. In 2013 EMAS took on 140 new emergency care assistants, in 2014 EMAS announced they were bringing back the ambulance technician role. In 2010−11 EMAS missed key performance targets after a spell brought snow. By June 2015 EMAS had failed to meet their category 1 response times for the successive year. EMAS previously provided patient transport services until contracts worth £20 million per year were taken over in 2012 by two private sector companies, in 2012−13 EMAS had a budget of £148 million. The Trust spent £4.3 million on voluntary and private services in 2013−14 for support in busy periods. In 2015 the service faced a drop in funding of around £6 million a year, in October 2014 the Trust decided to spend £88,000 on upgrading its computer equipment. Emergency medical services in the United Kingdom Official website
West Lindsey is a local government district in Lincolnshire, England. The district was formed on 1 April 1974, from the districts of Gainsborough, Market Rasen, along with Caistor Rural District, Gainsborough Rural District. The district council moved to new offices in Marshalls Yard in Gainsborough in January 2008, councillors are elected to the authority every four years with 36 councillors representing 20 wards. Between 1974 and 2011 the Council was elected in thirds - this means that elections were held every year apart from the year when County Council elections were held. In December 2010 the Council decided to change the system from ‘thirds’ to ‘all out’ elections commencing in May 2011, the most recent election to the Council was held on 7 May 2015. 36 members were elected representing 20 wards, the result produced a Conservative majority of 6 seats over all other parties. The current membership of the Council is Conservatives 24, Liberal Democrats 7, Labour 3, Lincolnshire Independents 1 and it covers Gainsborough, Market Rasen, Cherry Willingham, Welton and Keelby.
The boundary of the district in the west borders the River Trent, on the other side of the Trent is Gunthorpe, North Lincolnshire. It deviates from the Trent, to the east along the River Eau at Scotter, the boundary deviates southwards near Scotton, at Northorpe follows the B1205 eastwards, crossing the A15 at Waddingham. It follows the Sallowrow Drain to the Old River Ancholme at South Kelsey, at North Kelsey, it deviates from the Old River Ancholme, following the North Kelsey Beck eastwards. The Bigby parish is the part of West Lindsey that skirts the southern edge of Brigg, crossing the A1084. Also in Bigby, it crosses the Scunthorpe-Grimsby line, three railway lines together at Wrawby Junction, North of Bigby village it crosses the western escarpment of the northern Lincolnshire Wolds, skirts the southern and eastern perimeter of Humberside Airport. It crosses the A18 and B1210, the B1211, the furthest north section of the district, and of the county, is where it meets a short section of the A180, where a few hundred metres west of the A160 interchange it meets North East Lincolnshire.
It follows the New Beck Drain south-east across the B1210, and at Riby, at Swallow it crosses the A46. It follows the Waithe Beck at Thorganby, at Swinhope it meets East Lindsey, next to Scallows Hall, and crosses the B1203, again at Kirmond le Mire. It meets the B1225 High Street at Tealby, and for two miles southwards is the district boundary, crossing the A631 at North Willingham. At Sixhills it deviates westwards from the B1225, next to the former RAF Ludford Magna, at Holton cum Beckering it crosses the B1202, the A158 at Goltho, where it skirts the western edge of Wragby. It passes southwards in Bardney through Chambers Farm Wood, Chambers Farm itself is in West Lindsey and it skirts the southern edge of the former RAF Bardney, and crosses the B1190 near Tupholme Abbey
South Kesteven is a local government district in Lincolnshire, forming part of the traditional Kesteven division of the county. It covers Grantham, Stamford and Market Deeping, the 2011 census reports 133,788 people at 1.4 per Hectare in 57,344 households. Previously the district was run by Kesteven County Council, based in Sleaford, neighbouring Rutland would have joined, but instead was consumed by Leicestershire. South Kesteven borders North Kesteven to the north, as far east as Horbling, from there south it borders South Holland along the South Forty-Foot Drain, crossing the A151 just west of Guthram Gowt. The border follows the River Glen near to Tongue End where at Baston and it crosses the A16 at the B1525 junction, meets the Welland about two miles west of Crowland at a point called Kennulphs Stone. The parish of Deeping St. James is the south-east corner of the district, the boundary follows the Welland to Stamford, briefly following the B1443 where it skirts the edge of Burghley Park.
At the point where the railway crosses under the A1, is the corner of two other districts - Rutland and East Northamptonshire, the boundary with Rutland follows the east side of the A1. Since 1991, none of the A1 bypass is in South Kesteven, the boundary meets that of Great Casterton, and briefly follows the B1081 Ermine Street at Toll Bar. The boundary follows that of Rutland, crossing the East Coast Main Line at Braceborough and Wilsthorpe and again at Carlby. At Castle Bytham, the boundary follows the east side of the A1, and crosses the A1 at South Witham, the boundary follows that of Leicestershire along the former Sewstern Lane, which is now the Viking Way where it crosses the eastern end of Saltby Airfield. The boundary deviates from the Viking Way at Woolsthorpe-by-Belvoir where it follows the River Devon. It crosses the A52 and railway at Sedgebrook and this area is part of the Vale of Belvoir. The boundary passes through the former RAF Bottesford, where just north it meets the district of Newark, the boundary crosses the A1 at Shire Bridge.
It follows Shire Dyke at Claypole, crossing the East Coast Main Line, the north-west corner of the district is on the River Witham at Claypole just south of Barnby in the Willows. Further east, a section of the A17 skirts the district. A corner of the district is where it meets the route of Ermine Street. This is the point where it meets the corners of Cranwell and Byards Leap, the boundary follows the Viking Way for three miles south, crossing the A17. It follows the B6403 to just north of Ancaster and it skirts Ancaster rejoins the B6403 south of Ancaster to a point just south of RAF Barkston Heath
Broughton is a small town and civil parish situated on the Roman Ermine Street, in the North Lincolnshire district of Lincolnshire, England. The population of the parish at the 2011 census was 5,726. It is situated approximately 2 miles north-west from the town of Brigg, the hamlets of Wressle and part of Scawby Brook lie within the parish boundaries. A settlement existed at Broughton in the Neolithic Stone Age, Stone tools have been found particularly on the commons near Wressle. Pottery was discovered at a house on Ermine Street in 1956, there were burials discovered around 1850 in the commons to the north-east of Broughton. Broughtons St Marys Church is thought to date back to the 11th century with alterations in the 12th, 14th and 17th centuries. Gokewell Priory was founded nearby in the late 12th century to house a community of nuns, the Baronetcy of Broughton was created 11 December 1660 for Sir Edmund Anderson and became extinct on the death of the 9th Baron, Sir Charles Henry John Anderson,8 October 1891.
To the west and north, Broughton has extensive woodlands that stretch toward Dragonby and these were granted by the late Rupert Dixon, who placed the land in the control of a trust for its care and maintenance, and to provide public access. The south of the woods sits one of the few 4-star hotels in the area, though considered by many to be a village, it became a town in 1974, although it still has a village hall. Broughton has grown substantially since the mid-1980s, with new housing developments to the north, at the 2011 Census, the size of Broughton parish was slightly larger than its neighbour Brigg, due to housing developments at the edge of the parish in Scawby Brook
North Lincolnshire is a unitary authority area in the region of Yorkshire and the Humber in England. The population of the Unitary Authority at the 2011 census was 167,446, for ceremonial purposes it is part of Lincolnshire. There are three significant towns, Scunthorpe and Barton-upon-Humber, during the preceding year, shadow authorities had been operating overseeing the transfer of services, vehicles and political power to the new authorities. In 2015, North Lincolnshire Council began discussions with the other nine authorities in the Greater Lincolnshire area as part of a devolution bid, if successful this would see greater powers over education, health and social care being devolved from central government. The 846 km2 council area lies on the side of the Humber estuary and consists mainly of agricultural land. It borders onto North East Lincolnshire, South Yorkshire, the councils administrative base is at the Civic Centre in Scunthorpe. Before the creation of Humberside in 1974, it was part of Lincolnshire, becoming North Lincolnshire only in 1996, until 1 April 1996, the area had been part of Humberside.
The district was formed by a merger of the boroughs of Glanford and Scunthorpe, the Conservative Party held 18 seats, the Liberal Democrats held 1 seat and the Independents held two seats. After the 2011 election, the Conservatives regained control of the council with 23 seats, the area is represented in parliament by three MPs. At the 2010 election the Labour Party retained the Scunthorpe seat and the Conservative Party won the Brigg and Goole seat, North Lincolnshire operates under a Cabinet and Leader form of governance. The cabinet has eight members from the largest political party elected to the cabinet by the council of 43, Cabinet members make decisions on their portfolio individually. 2004 onwards published in 2007 Eastern Airways has its office in the Schiphol House on the grounds of Humberside Airport in Kirmington. Scunthorpe is the home of the Tata owned Appleby-Frodingham steel plant, port operations, green energy, logistics and food processing are important elements of the areas employment profile
Fire services in the United Kingdom
The fire services in the United Kingdom operate under separate legislative and administrative arrangements in England and Wales, Northern Ireland, and Scotland. Emergency cover is provided by over fifty fire and rescue services, many FRS were previously known as brigades or county fire services, but almost all now use the standard terminology. They are distinct from and governed by an authority, which is the legislative and administrative body. Fire authorities in England and Wales, and therefore fire and rescue services and Northern Ireland have centralised fire and rescue services, and so their authorities are effectively committees of the devolved parliaments. The total budget for services in 2014-15 was £2.9 billion. The devolved government in Scotland has an agency, HMFSI Scotland. This Act provided for centralised co-ordination of fire brigades in Great Britain,1947, Fire Services Act 1947 This Act transferred the functions of the National Fire Service to local authorities. Now repealed entirely in England and Wales by Schedule 2 of the Fire,1959, Fire Services Act 1959 This Act amended the 1947 Act, it dealt with pensions, staffing arrangements and provision of services by other authorities.
It was repealed in England and Wales along with the 1947 Act,1999, Greater London Authority Act 1999 This act was necessary to allow for the formation of the Greater London Authority and in turn the London Fire and Emergency Planning Authority. In 2002, there was a series of fire strikes. In December 2002, the Independent Review of the Fire Service was published with the action still ongoing. Bains report ultimately led to a change in the relating to firefighting. 2002, Independent Review of the Fire Service published 2004, Fire and Rescue Services Act 2004, generally only applying to England and it came into force on 1 October 2006. The DfCLG has published a set of guides for non-domestic premises,2006, The Government of Wales Act 2006 gave the National Assembly for Wales powers to pass laws on Fire, promotion of fire safety otherwise than by prohibition or regulation. But does not prevent future legislation being passed by the UK government which applies to two or more constituent countries, There are further plans to modernise the fire service according to the Local Government Association.
The fire service in England and Wales is scrutinised by a House of Commons select committee, in June 2006, the fire and rescue service select committee, under the auspices of the Communities and Local Government Committee, published its latest report. For example, where FRSs were historically inspected by HMFSI, much of this work is now carried out by the National Audit Office, Fire Control On 8 February 2010 the House of Commons Communities and Local Government Select Committee heard evidence on the Fire Control project. Called to give evidence were Cllr Brian Coleman and Cllr James Pearson from the Local Government Association, giving evidence Matt Wrack from the Fire Brigades Union and John Bonney Chief Fire Officers Association
Lincoln is a cathedral city and the county town of Lincolnshire, within the East Midlands of England. The non-metropolitan district of Lincoln has a 2012 population of 94,600, the 2011 census gave the entire urban area of Lincoln a population of 130,200. Lincoln developed from the Roman town of Lindum Colonia, which developed from an Iron Age settlement, Lincolns major landmarks are Lincoln Cathedral, a famous example of English Gothic architecture, and Lincoln Castle, an 11th-century Norman castle. The city is home to the University of Lincoln and Bishop Grosseteste University. See Lincoln City F. C. for Lincoln City Football Club, the earliest origins of Lincoln can be traced to the remains of an Iron Age settlement of round wooden dwellings that have been dated to the 1st century BC. This settlement was built by a pool in the River Witham at the foot of a large hill. The extent of original settlement is unknown as its remains are now buried deep beneath the Roman and medieval ruins. The Celtic name Lindon was subsequently Latinised to Lindum and given the title Colonia when it was converted into a settlement for army veterans, the conversion to a colonia was made when the legion moved on to York in AD71.
It became a flourishing settlement, accessible from the sea both through the River Trent and through the River Witham. Subsequently, the town and its waterways fell into decline, by the close of the 5th century the city was largely deserted, although some occupation continued under a Praefectus Civitatis, for Saint Paulinus visited a man of this office in Lincoln in AD629. During this period the Latin name Lindum Colonia was shortened in Old English to become first Lindocolina, after the first destructive Viking raids, the city once again rose to some importance, with overseas trading connections. After the establishment of the Danelaw in 886, Lincoln became one of the Five Boroughs in the East Midlands, excavations at Flaxengate reveal that this area, deserted since Roman times, received new timber-framed buildings fronting a new street system in about 900. Lincoln experienced an explosion in its economy with the settlement of the Danes. By 950, the banks of the Witham were newly developed with the Lower City being resettled and the suburb of Wigford quickly emerging as a major trading centre.
In 1068, two years after the Norman conquest, William I ordered Lincoln Castle to be built on the site of the former Roman settlement, for the strategic reasons. The rebuilt Lincoln Minster, enlarged to the east at each rebuilding, was on a magnificent scale, its crossing tower crowned by a spire reputed to have been 525 ft high, the highest in Europe. When completed the central of the three spires is widely accepted to have succeeded the Great Pyramids of Egypt as the tallest man-made structure in the world, when Magna Carta was drawn up in 1215, one of the witnesses was Hugh of Wells, Bishop of Lincoln. One of only four surviving originals of the document is preserved in Lincoln Castle, theologian William de Montibus was the head of the cathedral school and chancellor until his death in 1213
North East Lincolnshire
The population of the Unitary Authority at the 2011 Census was 159,616. These three administrative units make up the county of Lincolnshire. North East Lincolnshire was created from the boroughs of Cleethorpes and Great Grimsby on 1 April 1996 on the abolition of Humberside, historically, it was part of the Kingdom of Lindsey. North East Lincolnshire had its first North East Lincolnshire Day on 3 June 2016, the north part of the authority has a flat landscape. North East Lincolnshire is an authority that has operated a cabinet-style council since 2003. They elect the cabinet in May each year, each cabinet member is responsible for making decisions within their portfolio area. The governance of North East Lincolnshire Council has come under scrutiny from the commission on two occasions leading to special public interest reports for its failings. During this time it was run politically as a coalition between the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats, in June 2011 it became a minority Labour controlled Council.
North East Lincolnshire council was the subject to the Kelly report for Ian Huntley involvement. The radio station for the area is called Compass FM, and takes its logo from the logo of North East Lincolnshire, BBC Radio Humberside have a small studio to the east of Grimsby town centre. Grimsby Institute have the innovative Seven television, based in Immingham at the Immage Studios, propeller TV was part of Grimsby Institute. The Grimsby Telegraph is a daily newspaper, the North East Lincolnshire towns of Grimsby and Cleethorpes, form the economic area known as Greater Grimsby. The main sectors of the Greater Grimsby economy are food and drink and logistics, renewable energy and chemicals, the area has one power station, the South Humber Bank Power Station, which is owned and operated by Centrica sited at Stallingborough. Similar to North Lincolnshire, the area has its fire and police run by Humberside Fire and Rescue Service, there are four main roads that link to the unitary authority - the A180 which was built in 1984, and the A46 from Lincoln.
The A46 terminates in Cleethorpes, previously terminating at the Laceby roundabout, the A18 which runs from Doncaster to Laceby past the Humberside Airport. It is transport by sea that the area has national significance, the two ports of Immingham and Grimsby, when combined, have the largest tonnage of freight of any UK port. Immingham has many DFDS freight routes to Europe, the local LEA has comprehensive schools, becoming comprehensive in the early 1970s when part of the County Borough of Grimsby, and the Lindsey Education Committee, based in Lincoln. Previous to this Cleethorpes had girls and boys schools, and Grimsby had the girls
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom or Britain, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland, the United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state—the Republic of Ireland. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland, with an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world and the 11th-largest in Europe. It is the 21st-most populous country, with an estimated 65.1 million inhabitants, this makes it the fourth-most densely populated country in the European Union. The United Kingdom is a monarchy with a parliamentary system of governance. The monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 6 February 1952, other major urban areas in the United Kingdom include the regions of Birmingham, Glasgow and Manchester.
The United Kingdom consists of four countries—England, Wales, the last three have devolved administrations, each with varying powers, based in their capitals, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. The relationships among the countries of the UK have changed over time, Wales was annexed by the Kingdom of England under the Laws in Wales Acts 1535 and 1542. A treaty between England and Scotland resulted in 1707 in a unified Kingdom of Great Britain, which merged in 1801 with the Kingdom of Ireland to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain, there are fourteen British Overseas Territories. These are the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, British influence can be observed in the language and legal systems of many of its former colonies. The United Kingdom is a country and has the worlds fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP. The UK is considered to have an economy and is categorised as very high in the Human Development Index.
It was the worlds first industrialised country and the worlds foremost power during the 19th, the UK remains a great power with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally. It is a nuclear weapons state and its military expenditure ranks fourth or fifth in the world. The UK has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946 and it has been a leading member state of the EU and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. However, on 23 June 2016, a referendum on the UKs membership of the EU resulted in a decision to leave. The Acts of Union 1800 united the Kingdom of Great Britain, Scotland and Northern Ireland have devolved self-government
North Kesteven is a local government district in the East Midlands. Just over 100 miles north of London, it is east of Nottingham, North Kesteven is one of seven districts in Lincolnshire, England and is in the centre of the County. Its council, North Kesteven District Council, is based in Sleaford in the offices of Kesteven County Council. It was originally planned to have the council offices in Bracebridge Hall on Newark Road in Lincoln, in November 1973, a decision was taken to base it in The Hoplands in Sleaford, the base of East Kesteven Rural District. The Hoplands has now been demolished for housing, the district was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972. It was a merger of the urban district of Sleaford, along with East Kesteven Rural District and North Kesteven Rural District. North Kesteven covers an area of 356 square miles, of which 94% is classified as green space, the district is characterised by small settlements and large areas of arable farmland. More than 80% of the live in rural settlements or a market town.
North Kesteven has a relatively underdeveloped transport infrastructure, the district has two main RAF stations - RAF Cranwell, and RAF Waddington, both situated close to the A15, the main north/south road running through North Kesteven. The district is home to RAF Digby, which lies between Sleaford and Metheringham. The former RAF Swinderby, which can be adjacent to the A46 near the western edge of the district. North Kestevens residents live in around 100 mainly small communities, major concentrations are in Sleaford, with a population of over 17,000, North Hykeham, with around 13,500 residents, and 10 larger villages with populations of over 2,500. Within the district, 40% of the live in the Lincoln Fringe. 72 parishes serve the communities, comprising 58 parish councils. The population of the district is 104,800 equating to just over one person per hectare, the population grew by 11. 5% between 2001 and 2007, making the district one of the top six fastest-growing districts in England and Wales.
This rate of growth is a result of high house-building rates and consequent in-migration to the district from elsewhere in England, the growth in population is projected to continue with an extra 14,000 homes expected from 2001 to 2026. At the 2001 census, there were 94,024 citizens in the district, of all districts in Lincolnshire, it contains the highest proportion of married people and the least number of divorced people. According to the Indices of deprivation 2007, it is the least socially deprived area in Lincolnshire, with South Kesteven, the district has comprehensive schools in North Hykeham and Welbourn
Boston is a town and small port in Lincolnshire, on the east coast of England. It is the largest town of the wider Borough of Boston local government district, the borough had a total population of 66,900, at the ONS mid 2015 estimates, while the town itself had a population of 35,124 at the 2001 census. It is due north of Greenwich on the Prime Meridian, residents of Boston are known as Bostonians. Emigrants from Boston named several other settlements after the town, most notably Boston, the name Boston is said to be a contraction of Saint Botolphs town, stone, or tun for a hamlet or farm, hence the Latin villa Sancti Botulfi St. Botulfs village). The towns link to the life is probably apocryphal. The town was held to have been a Roman settlement. The early medieval geography of The Fens was much more fluid than it is today and, at that time, Botolphs establishment is most likely to have been in Suffolk. However, he was a missionary and saint, to whom many churches between Yorkshire and Sussex are dedicated.
The 1086 Domesday Book does not mention Boston by name, Skirbeck had two churches and one is likely to have been that dedicated to St Botolph, in what was consequently Botolphs town. Skirbeck is now considered part of Boston, but the remains, as a church parish. The order of importance was the way round, when the Boston quarter of Skirbeck developed at the head of the Haven. At that stage, The Haven was the part of the stream, now represented by the Stone Bridge Drain. The line of the road through Wide Bargate, to A52 and it led, as it does now, to the relatively high ground at Sibsey, and thence to Lindsey. The Sleaford route, into Kesteven, passed via Swineshead, thence following the old course of the River Slea, the Salters Way route into Kesteven, left Holland from Donington. This route was more thoroughly developed, in the Medieval period. The River Witham seems to have joined The Haven after the flood of September 1014, the Town Bridge still maintains the pre-flood route, along the old Haven bank.
After the Norman Conquest, Ralph the Stallers property was taken over by Count Alan and it subsequently came to be attached to the Earldom of Richmond, North Yorkshire, and known as the Richmond Fee. It lay on the bank of The Haven