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The Peculiar Institution

The Peculiar Institution: Slavery in the Ante-Bellum South is a non-fiction book about slavery published in 1956, by academic Kenneth M. Stampp of the University of California and other universities; the book describes and analyzes multiple facets of slavery in the American South from the 17th through the mid-19th century, including demographics, lives of slaves and slaveholders, the Southern economy and labor systems, the Northern and abolitionist response, slave trading, political issues of the time. Stampp answers historians such as Ulrich Phillips, who said that many Southern slave owners were kind to their slaves and provided well for them. While it was sometimes known for slaves to have lives as good as or better than those of poor Northern workers, Stampp exposes this behavior as a selfish strategy to ease the lives of some slaves in order to prevent dissent among the rest, or to prevent possible legal action for mistreatment of slaves. Stampp argues that this treatment did little to convince slaves that their lives were acceptable, that dissent and opposition were common, making slaves, as they were called at the time, "a troublesome property".

The use of the expression "peculiar institution" — "peculiar" here means "special" with a positive implication — to refer to Southern slavery began in 1830 with leading Southern politician John C. Calhoun, became widespread. Stampp's intent is to answer those prior historians who had characterized slavery as a benign, paternalistic tradition, helpful in many ways to the slaves, which tradition encouraged racial harmony in the Southern states. Stampp characterizes some critics of slavery for claiming that "to the Negroes, slavery seemed natural. Not that slavery was a good thing, mind you—but still, it hurt the Negroes less than it did to the whites. Indeed, the whites were more enslaved than were the Negro slaves". Stampp condemns such an argument and likens it to pro-slavery arguments before the Civil War, which were "based on some obscure and baffling logic". Stampp held that the national debate over the morality of slavery was the focal point of the U. S. Civil War, rather than states' rights in rejection of the Slavery Amendment.

Stampp wrote, "Prior to the Civil War southern slavery was America's most profound and vexatious social problem. More than any other problem, slavery nagged at the public conscience; the book was for Stampp not only about 19th century history but a necessary examination for Americans in the 1950s because "it is an article of faith that knowledge of the past is a key to understanding the present," and "one must know what slavery meant to the Negro and how he reacted to it before one can comprehend his more recent tribulations". Work by other historians qualified certain of Stampp's findings, but The Peculiar Institution remains a central text in the study of U. S. slavery. I. "The Setting" - background and demographics in the Old South. II. "From Day Clean to First Dark" - slaves' toilsome daily lives. III. "A Troublesome Property" - defiance of slaves. He lauds these actions as honorable resistance by slaves, which could be used as models by other oppressed groups, not least black Americans in the 1950s.

IV. "To Make Them Stand in Fear" -disciplinary practices and submission. V. "Chattels Personal" - conflicts in racial classifications. VI. "Slavemongering" - slave movement and sales. VII. "Maintenance and Mortality" - slave food, clothing and sickness. VIII. "Between Two Cultures" - class and caste systems. IX. "Profit and Loss" - slave value. X. "He Who Has Endured" - moral ambiguity of slaveowners. In Where Do We Go from Here: Chaos or Community?, author Martin Luther King, Jr. quotes extensively from The Peculiar Institution. King describes Stampp's "fascinating" depiction of "the psychological indoctrination, necessary from the master's viewpoint to make a good slave."


MaritzCX LCC is a customer experience and market research company providing consumer data analysis in real time. The company provides platforms for strategy and design consulting, mystery shopping, data analysis models, comprehensive program management, data collection and validation services. MaritzCX serves the automotive, business-to-business, consumer technology, retail and hospitality industries. MaritzCX is headquartered in Lehi, is a subsidiary of the international sales and marketing services company, Maritz Holdings LLC. In addition to its main campus in Utah, the company has offices throughout the United States and Canada as well as England and Australia. MaritzCX was formed in January 2015, after Maritz Holdings bought Allegiance, Inc. in November 2014. After working together for several years, the two companies paired Allegiance's innovative CX software and Maritz's research and strategic consulting industries. Emerging as MaritzCX, the firm had over 900 employees and earned nearly $200 million in revenue during its first year.

In June 2017, MaritzCX partnered with consultant company Protiviti Inc.. Official website

BK Skjold

Boldklubben Skjold af 1915 is a Danish football club from Østerbro, Copenhagen founded in 1915. They play in the Danish 2nd Division West; the club has over 1,400 members making it one of Denmark's greatest populated football clubs. BK Skjold's teams use either Ryparken for their training sessions; as of the 2011/2012 season Skjold is playing in the Danish 2nd Division West due to a random draw after the promotions from the 4th tier league Danmarksserien resulted in an unbalance in teams playing in the East and West 2nd divisions. 18 teams were to play in the Danish 2nd Division East while only 14 teams were to play in the Danish 2nd Division West. To solve this problem Danish Football Association drew 2 random teams from the eastern division to play in the western division – This resulted in BK Skjold and Lolland-Falster Alliancen joining the Danish 2nd Division West. Skjold played their first game in Danish 2nd Division West on 7 August 2011 versus heavy favourites and Jutland-based Thisted FC and the game ended 2–2.

On 5 June 2012, Skjold were relegated to Danmarksserien, along with local Østerbro rivals, Boldklubben af 1893. Official website

Ryan Glacier

Ryan Glacier is a glacier, 2 nautical miles long, flowing west to the head of Ice Fjord, South Georgia. The German Antarctic Expedition named this glacier for Dr. Albrecht Penck, though an incorrect spelling "Penk" appeared on published maps. A number of significant Antarctic features, including a glacier, are named for Albrecht Penck. To avoid confusion of these names the United Kingdom Antarctic Place-Names Committee recommended in 1957 that this feature be renamed. Ryan Glacier is named for Alfredo R. L. Ryan, president since 1946 of the Compañía Argentina de Pesca, which operated the whaling station at Grytviken. List of glaciers in the Antarctic Glaciology This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "Ryan Glacier"

The Greatest Dancer

The Greatest Dancer is a British dance competition television series created by Simon Cowell and produced by Syco Entertainment. The first BBC programme created by Cowell, The Greatest Dancer sees undiscovered dance acts perform live weekly for Cheryl, Oti Mabuse, Matthew Morrison and Todrick Hall and a studio audience in a competition to win £50,000 and a chance to perform on Strictly Come Dancing; the receptionist in the first series was Amelia Wilson before being replaced by Curtis Pritchard. The first series aired on BBC One on Saturdays from 5 January to 23 February 2019 and was won by 14-year-old solo dancer Ellie Fergusson from Livingston, West Lothian, mentored by Mabuse. A second series premiered on 4 January 2020. On 8 August 2019, it was confirmed that Curtis Pritchard would join the 2020 series as the new receptionist. In 2020, Todrick Hall joined the show as the fourth Dance Captain. Series 1: 5 January – 23 February 2019 Auditions: 5–26 January 2019 Live shows: 2–23 February 2019 Series 2: 4 January 2020 – 7 March 2020 Auditions: 4–25 January 2020 Live shows: 1 February-7 March 2020Dance Captains: Oti Mabuse Matthew Morrison Cheryl Todrick Hall A non-televised pilot for the show was filmed in February 2018 at Hammersmith Apollo in London.

The auditions for the first series took place at ICC Birmingham in August 2018 and were divided into three episodes, with one episode aired each Saturday from 5 to 19 January 2019. Auditioning acts were allowed to consist of any number of members, each person participating was required to be at least 7 years old; each auditioning act performed in front of a one-way mirror and each audience member had a light to turn on during each audition that they liked. The format was adapted from the Israeli television music competition franchise Rising Star; the callbacks of the first series aired on 26 January 2019. From the acts that had qualified for the callbacks, the Dance Captains selected nine as finalists, with each Dance Captain mentoring three acts; each Saturday from 2 to 16 February 2019, the remaining acts in the first series performed to stay in the competition. Each act was assigned a different theme of dance, while each audience member had a light to turn on during each performance that they liked.

After all acts had performed, the public were given the opportunity to vote for their favourite acts. The first live show saw the act that received the fewest votes eliminated, while the second and third shows each saw the two least popular acts eliminated, leaving four to compete in the final show; the first series final took place on 23 February 2019. Each of the four remaining acts made a collaboration with their respective Dance Captain, the act that received the fewest votes from the public was eliminated; the three remaining acts each performed a reprise of the dance they performed in the auditions stage. The act that received the most votes from the public was crowned the winner and received £50,000 and a chance to perform on the next series of Strictly Come Dancing. Group performance: "The Greatest" with Dance Captains Guest performance: Freya Ridings with Rambert Dance Company Guest performance: Years & Years with BalletBoyz Guest performance: The professional cast of Strictly Come Dancing and the Dance Captains Guest performance: Jess Glynne with breakdance crew The RuggedsDance 1: Performance with Dance Captain Dance 2: Reprise of audition dance The second series started on 4 January 2020.

In a change from last year, at the end of each week a different coach was chosen to pick an act from that week to join their team. The choices were as follow: Cheryl was selected to choose a Greatest Dancer of the Day. Todrick Hall was selected to choose a Greatest Dancer of the Day. Matthew Morrison was selected to choose a Greatest Dancer of the Day. Oti Mabuse was selected to choose a Greatest Dancer of the Day. Theme: Best of British Theme: Props Theme: Around the world Theme: Dance Fusion Theme: Coaches' pick Key Presenter of The Greatest Dancer Receptionist of The Greatest Dancer Judge of The Greatest Dancer On 19 July 2018, it was announced that Alesha Dixon and Jordan Banjo would host the programme. Presenters gallery On 10 August 2018, it was announced that the show's judges were Cheryl, Matthew Morrison and Oti Mabuse. For the 2020 series, dancer Todrick Hall joined as the fourth judge. Dance Captains gallery The Greatest Dancer at BBC Programmes