click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Thirty pieces of silver

Thirty pieces of silver was the price for which Judas Iscariot betrayed Jesus, according to an account in the Gospel of Matthew 26:15 in the New Testament. Before the Last Supper, Judas is said to have gone to the chief priests and agreed to hand over Jesus in exchange for 30 silver coins, to have attempted to return the money afterwards, filled with remorse; the Gospel of Matthew claims that the subsequent purchase of the Potter's field was fulfilment, by Jesus, of a prophecy of Zechariah. The image has been used in artwork depicting the Passion of Christ; the phrase is used in literature and common speech to refer to people "selling out", compromising a trust, friendship, or loyalty for personal gain. Socrates could have escaped his death had he paid 30 minae. According to the Gospel of Matthew, Judas Iscariot was a disciple of Jesus. Before the Last Supper, Judas went to the chief priests and agreed to hand over Jesus in exchange for 30 silver coins. Jesus was arrested in Gethsemane, where Judas revealed Jesus' identity to the soldiers by giving him a kiss.

According to Chapter 27 of Matthew's gospel, Judas was filled with remorse and returned the money to the chief priests before hanging himself. The chief priests decided that they could not put it into the temple treasury as it was considered blood money, so with it they bought the Potter's Field. A different account of the death of Judas is given in Acts of Apostles. Peter describes the common knowledge of what happened to Judas in Acts 1:17-20, "falling headlong there, he burst open in the middle and all of his bowels gushed out" dying there; the word used in Matthew 26:15 means "silver coins," and scholars disagree on the type of coins that would have been used. Donald Wiseman suggests two possibilities, they could have been tetradrachms of Tyre referred to as Tyrian shekels, or staters from Antioch, which bore the head of Augustus. Alternatively, they could have been Ptolemaic tetradrachms. There are 31.1035 grams per troy ounce. At spot valuation of $17.06/oz, 30 "pieces of silver" would be worth between $185 and $216 in present-day value.

The Tyrian shekel weighed four Athenian drachmas, about 14 grams, more than earlier 11-gram Israeli shekels, but was regarded as the equivalent for religious duties at that time. Because Roman coinage was only 80% silver, the purer Tyrian shekels were required to pay the temple tax in Jerusalem; the money changers referenced in the New Testament Gospels exchanged Tyrian shekels for common Roman currency. The 5th century BC Athenian tetradrachm coin was the most used coin in the Greek world before the time of Alexander the Great, it featured the helmeted profile bust of Athena on an owl on the reverse. In daily use they were called γλαῦκες glaukes, hence the proverb Γλαῦκ’ Ἀθήναζε,'an owl to Athens', referring to something, in plentiful supply, like'coals to Newcastle'; the reverse is featured on the national side of the modern Greek 1 euro coin. Drachmae were minted on different weight standards at different Greek mints; the standard that came to be most used was the Athenian or Attic one, which weighed a little over 4.3 grams.

A drachma was a day's pay for a skilled laborer. So 30 pieces of silver, at four drachmas each, would be comparable to four months' wages. In the medieval period some religious institutions displayed ancient Greek coins of the island of Rhodes as specimens of the Thirty Pieces of Silver; the obverses of these coins showed a facing head of the sun god Helios, with rays projecting around the upper part of it. These rays were interpreted as a representation of the Crown of Thorns; the extracanonical Narrative of Joseph of Arimathea records that Judas was paid 30 pieces of gold, not silver. In Zechariah 11:12 -- 13, 30 pieces of silver is the price, he takes the coins and throws them "to the potter". Klaas Schilder notes that Zechariah's payment indicates an assessment of his worth, as well as his dismissal. In Exodus 21:32, 30 pieces of silver was the price of a slave, so while Zechariah calls the amount a "handsome price", this could be sarcasm. Barry Webb, regards it as a "considerable sum of money."Schilder suggests that these 30 pieces of silver get "bandied back and forth by the Spirit of Prophecy."

When the chief priests decide to buy a field with the returned money, Matthew says that this fulfilled "what was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet." Namely, "They took the thirty silver coins, the price set on him by the people of Israel, they used them to buy the potter's field, as the Lord commanded me". Although many scholars see Jeremiah's name as included in error, Jeremiah's purchase of a field in Jeremiah 32 may indicate that both prophets are in mind. Craig Blomberg argues that Matthew is using typology in his quotation, rather than "any kind of single or double fulfillment of actual predictive prophecy." According to Blomberg, Matthew is telling his readers that, "like Jeremiah and Zechariah, Jesus attempts to lead his people with a prophetic and pastoral ministry, but instead he ends up suffering innocently at their hands." William Hendriksen argues that Matthew is referring to Jeremiah 19. Blomberg suggests that Matthew may be saying that "Jesus' death is a ransom, the price paid to secure a slave's freedom," and that th

Vizol Angami

Vizol Angami was a Naga politician who served as the 4th Chief Minister of Nagaland two times from February 1974 until March 1975 and November 1977 until April 1980. He became the Chief Minister of Nagaland as part of the United Democratic Front. Vizol was born on November 1914, he was the fourth of five children of Notsore Koso and Vichole of Viswema village, Kohima district of Nagaland. He did his matriculation from Shillong. In 1951, he graduated from Shillong. During the Second World War, Vizol is claimed to have joined the Royal Air Force and served until 1946, he is one of the founding members of the Kohima Science College, Jotsoma. After the formation of the state of Nagaland, Vizol contested the first state elections and elected as a member of the first state assembly of Nagaland, he was the leader of the opposition in the assembly. In 1991, he was elected to the Rajya Sabha representing Nagaland's lone seat in the Upper House of the Indian Parliament

Frederick Nassau de Zuylestein

Frederick of Nassau, Lord of Zuylestein was an illegitimate son of Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, by Margaretha Catharina Bruyns, Frederick was born in 1624 out of wedlock to Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange and Margaretha Catharina Bruyns, the daughter of Ludolph Bruyns, mayor of Emmerich. On 15 March 1640, Frederick's father gave him Castle Zuylestein - situated about twenty miles east of the city of Utrecht, with it he gave him the title Lord of Zuylestein. Furthermore, he made Frederick captain of infantry for the state. In 1659, Frederick was made governor of the household of William III of Orange. Through lobbying by Johan de Wit, William III became the state's ward in 1666, Frederick was dismissed, his dismissal was because he was married to an Englishwoman and was under suspicion of pro-English leanings. In April 1672 he became general of the infantry and in August he became involved in the murders of Johan and Cornelis de Wit. On 16 October 1648, Frederick married Mary Killigrew in The Hague.

She was a daughter of Honilay. She was a first cousin of the Countess of Yarmouth, she had moved to the Netherlands in February 1644, aged seventeen, as a maid of honour to Mary, princess royal of England and princess of Orange. Frederick and Mary had two children: Willem Hendrik van Nassau-Zuylestein, 1st Earl of Rochford, Heer van Zuylestein, Leersum en Waayenstein, he was born at Castle Zuylestein. He became a soldier and diplomat and was a close confidant of his cousin, William III of England, who rewarded him with the titles Earl of Rochford, Viscount Tunbridge and Baron Enfield in 1695. Hendrik van Nassau-Zuylestein, Heer van Leersum, he died in the siege of Bonn when the troops of the Republic, under the leadership of his cousin William III, conquered Bonn, which resulted in the French supply lines to the troops in the Republic being cut off. In October 1672 Frederick died near Woerden in a battle with the French known as the Battle of Kruipin. Frederick was an illegitimate son of Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, born to him before he married.

Frederick had nine legitimate half-siblings with. Their mother was his father's wife Amalia of Solms-Braunfels. William II, Prince of Orange Luise Henriette of Nassau Henriëtte Amalia of Nassau Elisabeth of Nassau Isabella Charlotte of Nassau Albertine Agnes of Nassau Henriette Catherine of Nassau Hendrik Lodewijk of Nassau Maria of Nassau Frederick used the arms below. Herbert H. Rowen, The princes of Orange: the stadholders in the Dutch Republic. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988. Herbert H. Rowen, The princes of Orange: the stadholders in the Dutch Republic. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003. Petrus Johannes Blok, "History of the people of the Netherlands". New York: G. P. Putnam's sons, 1898. Jonathan I. Israel, "The Dutch Republic: Its Rise and Fall, 1477–1806" Oxford University Press, 1995. ISBN 0-19-820734-4

Karumbanoor

Karumbanoor is a village/hamlet in Alangulam Taluk in Tirunelveli District of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It comes under Andipatti Panchayath, it is located 33 km west of District headquarters Tirunelveli. It is 750 km from the state capital, Chennai; the Karumbanoor Pin code is 627851 and postal head office is Alangulam. Karumbanoor is surrounded by Kadayam Taluk on the west, Keelapavoor Taluk on the North, Pappakudi Taluk on the South, Surandai Taluk on the North. Cities near to Karumbanoor are Alangulam, Vikramasingapuram, Shenkottai. Nellaiappar Temple Tenkasi Kasi Viswanathar Temple Agastiar Falls Courtallam Papanasam Karaiyar Dam Malai Koil - Alangulam Thirupudaimarthur Prammadesam Einstein College of Engineering Sardar Raja College of Engineering St. Mariam Polytechnic College CSI Jeyaraj Annapackiam Arts & Science College Rani Anna Government College for Women Thiruvalluvar College Ambai Arts College Aladi Aruna College Of Nursing in Alangulam Kamaraj Hindu Primary School T. D. T. A.

Primary School SSV Hr Sec School in Mathapattinam Andipatti Govt School RailKila Kadaiyam Rail Way Station is the closest railway station. Tirunelveli Rail Way Station is the major nearby railway station. Pavoorchatram railway station. BusThe Kandhavel minibus services in the village. Government bus 34E Pillayar Kovil Amman Kovil Madasamy Kovil Kaivettu Sudalai Madasamy Kovil Sri Pattamudaiyar Sastha Kovil Sri Kaliamman Kovil Madasamy Kovil - South Vadakkuthi Amman Kovil Sastha Temple CSI Church

2007 Valencia City Council election

The 2007 Valencia City Council election the 2007 Valencia municipal election, was held on Sunday, 27 May 2007, to elect the 8th City Council of the municipality of Valencia. All 33 seats in the City Council were up for election; the election was held with regional elections in thirteen autonomous communities and local elections all throughout Spain. The City Council of Valencia was the top-tier administrative and governing body of the municipality of Valencia, composed of the mayor, the government council and the elected plenary assembly. Voting for the local assembly was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over eighteen, registered in the municipality of Valencia and in full enjoyment of their political rights, as well as resident non-national European citizens and those whose country of origin allowed Spanish nationals to vote in their own elections by virtue of a treaty. Local councillors were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 5 percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied.

Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Councillors were allocated to municipal councils based on the following scale: The mayor was indirectly elected by the plenary assembly. A legal clause required that mayoral candidates earned the vote of an absolute majority of councillors, or else the candidate of the most-voted party in the assembly was to be automatically appointed to the post. In case of a tie, a toss-up would determine the appointee; the electoral law provided that parties, federations and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors were required to secure the signature of a determined amount of the electors registered in the municipality for which they sought election. For the case of Valencia, as its population was between 300,001 and 1,000,000, at least 5,000 signatures were required. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called